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Silence in the House of God: Mea Maxima Culpa

Documentary exposing the abuse of power in the Catholic Church and a cover-up that winds its way from Wisconsin through Ireland's churches to the highest office of the Vatican.


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This programme contains scenes which some viewers may find disturbing.

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When I first entered St John's, I loved it.

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The campus of that school was beautiful.

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Such magnificent stonework.

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It was like a castle.

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I loved that school.

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Our school had a magnificent statue of Jesus Christ

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with his hands lovingly placed on the heads of two children.

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I could see that Jesus loved children.

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And the children loved Jesus too.

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My name is Gary Smith.

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It was four in 1954 and I really liked being at school.

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I liked being in the dorm.

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The dorm was cooler than being at home with my parents,

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because I didn't have any siblings.

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When I first got to the school, I loved it,

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because there were so many children

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around the same age as me who I could play with

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and they were good people, it was a good group of friends.

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In 1953, I was four years old.

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I remember when I got there, I couldn't stop crying.

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Then, I was looking up at a nun,

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she was wearing her black-and-white robes.

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I was looking at the nun and my parents left.

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Every morning, we'd have mass.

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A priest would use incense

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and the smell would fill the room.

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I felt like we were in heaven.

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I wanted to be a Catholic, like everyone else.

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And so, when I was ten, Father Murphy baptised me.

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Murphy would hug children.

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All the kids just loved him, they always flocked to him.

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He would play with the kids and the nuns would stand around

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just watching and smiling.

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I wanted Murphy's attention, like all the other kids.

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I needed him, he was like a second father to me.

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Father Murphy knew how to sign

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and he could communicate with all the kids.

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He was a hearing man who could sign and sign very well.

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I remember looking at him and thinking,

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"Wow, that's really impressive."

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Lawrence Murphy was raised in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

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and entered the St Francis Seminary in 1943.

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After he was ordained as a priest in 1950,

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he moved next door on assignment to St John's School For The Deaf.

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He had a knack for public speaking and fundraising

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and, by 1963, he was promoted

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to director of St John's.

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After Father Murphy baptised me,

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I felt proud, I felt better.

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I was excited and couldn't wait to have my first communion when I was 12.

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Later on, I got into trouble at school.

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I was mischievous and the nuns would come and say,

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"Go to Father's room."

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And so, I did.

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In the confessional booth, there was a dividing wall.

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But there was a little space that you could see his face through.

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So you could sign back and forth.

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And he would bless you.

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I filled out the confession form.

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The form listed stealing, lying, sex and things like that.

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I would mark things off and turn it in.

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Father Murphy looked at it and then asked me really weird questions like,

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"Have you been with other boys?"

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He asked me, "Have you been playing with your penis?"

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And I told him, "No."

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But he gave me one of his looks.

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And it scared me. So I admitted that, yeah, I play with myself.

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He told me to pull down my pants and to do it right there.

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So I played with myself for a little bit.

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He watched me intently until I was done.

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Then, he told me that God forgave me

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and I felt like my sins had been wiped away.

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He could have been playing with himself for all I know,

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but I couldn't see.

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I remember one afternoon I went to Murphy's office

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and he closed the door and he told me to take off my pants.

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And I said, "Take off my pants?"

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I was shocked. And I thought, "Why would I have to do that?"

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And I was looking at this man in a black suit, the white-collar,

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and I thought to myself, "He's a priest and I'm supposed to obey him."

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So I took my pants down and he molested me.

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I felt sick and confused.

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"Why would a priest do that to me?

0:08:010:08:03

"Is this supposed to be OK? Did I do something wrong?" I didn't know.

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After it happened, I just left.

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And I just kept it to myself.

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I was a monk, I was a very pious monk.

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I folded my hands, kept my eyes down, did my studies.

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I lived in the system.

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Richard Sipe spent 18 years as a Benedictine monk.

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He was also a therapist counselling his fellow priests.

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Sex in celibacy became central to my research and understanding.

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Sipe began what became a 25-year study

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examining celibacy in the priesthood.

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My intent was that this would help in the training of priests.

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I felt that I could make a contribution

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by being honest about it.

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The data showed that at any one time,

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no more than 50% of American Roman Catholic priests were practising celibacy.

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There were certain levels of experimentation,

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relationships, involvement

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and even criminal involvement with children.

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And the more I got into it, the more and more discouraged I got.

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They know that celibacy is not practised.

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By "they", I mean Vatican authorities,

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I mean bishops, I mean religious superiors.

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And the higher you go, the more they know.

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You may not be keeping your celibacy,

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but as long as it's secret, it's OK.

0:09:440:09:47

Sipe found that clericalism,

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setting a priest on a pedestal above ordinary lay people,

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helped to prop up the secret system.

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Kids would come forward to their parents and say,

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"Well, Father did this to me."

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"Oh, don't you say that! You can't say that about a priest!"

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Which then allowed priests to express themselves sexually,

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some from time to time and some in horrendous ways.

0:10:120:10:17

Sipe recognised the syndrome that police call Noble Cause Corruption -

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a belief that good intentions purify bad behaviour.

0:10:230:10:26

For a priest, belief in his own goodness can transform,

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like turning bread into the body of Christ,

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a perversion into a holy act.

0:10:330:10:36

A priest who had an affair with this 12, 13-year-old girl

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brought to one of their encounters what he said was a consecrated host

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and he touched it to her vagina and he said,

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"This is how God loves you."

0:10:510:10:53

And then, he raped her.

0:10:530:10:55

It goes from just this broad social acceptance

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that the priest is perfect, the Pope is perfect,

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to this kind of perversion of power that can be twisted in this way.

0:11:010:11:07

The system of the Catholic clergy,

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for which I have great respect

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and to which I have given many years of my life,

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selects, cultivates, protects,

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defends and produces sexual abusers.

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I went to bed one night and, before I fell asleep,

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I could see Murphy creeping into our room,

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like a ravenous wolf.

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I could see him sit on a bed

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in the dim light of the illuminated exit sign.

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And I saw that he was molesting a boy.

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I imagined Jesus crying on the cross with a broken heart

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wondering why Murphy was doing this.

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Why was Jesus just watching?

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He would walk in like a cat.

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Of course we couldn't hear him, but someone would open their eyes

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and see a dark shadow passing by and they knew it was him.

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I would see how he would go and pick out certain boys.

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He knew which boys wouldn't object if he went to them.

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The boys noticed that Father Murphy would single out students

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with hearing parents who couldn't sign

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so that the children couldn't tell their parents

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what was happening to them.

0:13:090:13:11

He favoured me. He wanted me.

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He liked seeing me ejaculate.

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He got what he wanted and he would leave, that was his thing.

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He was...

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sick.

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I was afraid to tell my mother

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because I didn't think she would believe me.

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She'd say, "A priest would never do something like that to children."

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I kept it a secret.

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My mother had already been through so much pain.

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My brother had been electrocuted,

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my father had hung himself.

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My mother had been through so much pain and I didn't want to hurt her.

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It was hard for me to communicate with my father

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and so, my dad would speak and Father Murphy would interpret.

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My father never wrote back and forth

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because I didn't know how to write well,

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so I depended on Father Murphy and the nuns

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to communicate with my father.

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My parents were hearing, so we used home signs,

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not true American Sign Language.

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We had some gestures for things like eating and for how the scolded me,

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but they wouldn't actually sign "Bad",

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they would wag their finger at me.

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And there was no TTY, and my parents were far away,

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so how could we possibly have communicated?

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Murphy took advantage

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of children in that situation.

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My question is, what about the sisters?

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Where were the nuns who were supposed to be watching the children?

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The nuns should have been able to hear,

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but they turned their heads and looked the other way.

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Murphy wasn't the only one

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that nuns should have heard creeping through the dorms at night.

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Murphy enlisted older boys in an organised system of abuse.

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One of these was Tom Tannehill,

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a high-school student who had been molested by Murphy.

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As a dorm supervisor, Tom had used threats of discipline

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to force victim to perform oral sex on him.

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Pat Kuehn was only seven when Tom first molested him.

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He now believes that Tom was breaking him in for Murphy.

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I was very innocent, naive.

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After the first time Tom played with me, I got used to it.

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I felt so excited that he chose me out of all the others.

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It made me feel special.

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Bambi was the first movie that I watched with captioning.

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Which was really exciting.

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I was sitting towards the back of the audience, on the boys' side,

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Father Murphy walked up behind me and pushed me in the back of the head.

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So I looked up and I waived because I thought he was just saying hi.

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And then, I went back to watching.

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And he nudged me again, so I acknowledged him.

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I think about it now

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and it was probably his penis bumping up against me.

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He was playing with me.

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In 1963, Father Murphy went away for a few weeks.

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During his absence,

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there was a visiting priest from Chicago named Father Walsh.

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I could see Father Walsh signing and I was watching him

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and I thought, "You know what? I'm going to try my best to tell him."

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I think it was in confession.

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And so, I told Father Walsh about Father Murphy molesting me.

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He didn't say anything, but I could see his facial expression change.

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A week went by and I knew his last day was going to be Friday

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and Father Murphy had come back.

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Father Murphy comes walking into my classroom

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and called Father Walsh.

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When I saw that, I knew this was it.

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I got up from my chair

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and I went and peeked around the coroner from my classroom.

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I could see Father Walsh and Father Murphy getting into a huge fight down the hallway.

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I went back and sat at my desk and I didn't say a word about it.

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Murphy came back and nothing was ever said.

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The following year, I was hoping Father Walsh would return,

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but he didn't come back.

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He didn't come back the second year, he didn't come back the third year,

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he just never came back.

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During the summer months,

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Murphy would take some of the boys up to his cabin,

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in northern Wisconsin.

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Murphy would ask the boys to choose

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which one of them would sleep in the bed with him.

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Father Murphy asked who was going to sleep with him

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and all of us pointed at this kid, Joe, and said, "He is."

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I didn't want to be picked.

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Poor Joe, I feel bad that we picked him.

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When Murphy took Gary and the other seniors on a road trip

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to look at colleges in Washington and New York,

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he molested Gary almost every night.

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I was afraid if I said "No", he would be mad.

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I just didn't know what to do.

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I got used to it and didn't care.

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I just wanted to graduate and get out of there and feel better.

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You know, between the ages of 26 and 31, I was baptised

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in a very radical way

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to know that this wasn't an anomaly,

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that this was a pattern,

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that there are treatment centres.

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Before ordination,

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I had no idea that we had treatment centres around the world

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for priests to go to when they sexually molested,

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raped and sodomised kids.

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I didn't know that.

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My parents didn't know that.

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I didn't know that we had 55 molesters in my monastery.

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I didn't know there were more than 70 molesters

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operating in the US dioceses.

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That wasn't public knowledge.

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Shortly after his ordination,

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at St John's Abbey, in Collegeville, Minnesota,

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Patrick Wall was given a special assignment -

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travelling the country putting out fires for the Church.

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The sexually abusive priest has to be completely removed,

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his stuff was removed, and then, there's another guy,

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basically, another black-and-white who's placed in there,

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to make sure that the normal things happen -

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that people are baptised, people are married, people are buried

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and the normal life of the parish can continue.

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I thought I was going there to uncover the crime,

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to heal the wounds,

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I thought it was pastoral care,

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you know, comfort the afflicted, what we're ordained for.

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But the people sending me in obviously had ulterior motives.

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You know, they would give you authorisation

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up to 250,000 to settle a case

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if you could get a confidentiality order.

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And, in 1995, we had a budget of 7 million

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to handle the various problems of childhood sexual abuse.

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And most people don't want to have anything go public.

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I mean, in the Catholic mindset, you don't sue the Church.

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They want to know that it's going to stop.

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When Wall found out that it didn't stop,

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that offending priests were allowed to stay in ministry,

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he left the priesthood.

0:20:590:21:01

That was part of your brief,

0:21:020:21:04

to report these things to the local authorities?

0:21:040:21:07

Never.

0:21:070:21:09

That's the worldwide policy -

0:21:100:21:12

to snuff out scandal.

0:21:120:21:13

Bob Bolger was another student who was abused at St John's

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by Father Murphy.

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After graduating from college,

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he began hanging out with Arthur and Gary

0:21:460:21:49

and found an unexpected way back

0:21:490:21:51

to memories of St John's.

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HE PANTS

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I started getting these revelations, these memories.

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Finally, I woke up and I was furious

0:22:210:22:24

and the more we worked on it, the angrier I got.

0:22:240:22:27

I had kept this quiet for so long

0:22:270:22:30

and not said anything to anyone.

0:22:300:22:32

It suddenly hit me just how wrong this was.

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And Bob was like, "Go to the police station, now, go!"

0:22:370:22:42

And Gary was thrown off guard.

0:22:420:22:44

And Bob said, "If you're angry, Gary, then go.

0:22:440:22:47

"Go to the police station. Now, go!"

0:22:470:22:49

We went out to the police station and went in.

0:22:520:22:55

Bob was writing back and forth with the officer

0:22:550:22:58

because he had good English skills.

0:22:580:22:59

And then, two police officers told us to stay in a room.

0:23:010:23:04

And we waited and waited and waited.

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And I went to open the door and the door was locked.

0:23:090:23:13

And then, two detectives came into the room and said, "You can go."

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And we were all excited about being able to leave.

0:23:180:23:21

And guessing that the detectives had already talked to Murphy.

0:23:210:23:25

We waited for a week to go by,

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then another week went by and then another.

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We didn't hear a thing. It was just sickening.

0:23:320:23:36

Murphy had told them that it wasn't true and the kids were making it up.

0:23:360:23:41

That we were just little troublemakers.

0:23:410:23:43

It started to bother me more and more

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because I was hearing that he was molesting other kids.

0:23:460:23:49

I was mad and I wanted to protect these deaf kids.

0:23:490:23:52

And it was time to do something about it. And we did.

0:23:520:23:56

We didn't put the reason why on the flyer,

0:24:000:24:02

we just wanted it to be a warning to people.

0:24:020:24:05

When the school would hold a fundraiser,

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they'd go to the cars that were parked at the school

0:24:080:24:11

and they would put this flyer,

0:24:110:24:13

you know, don't give money to this man because he abuses these kids.

0:24:130:24:17

I was shocked and I tried to advise Bob

0:24:170:24:21

that, you know, this was not really the way to fix this.

0:24:210:24:25

He was caught up in the era of activism

0:24:280:24:31

and he was really trying to get deaf people

0:24:310:24:33

to kind of stand up for themselves.

0:24:330:24:35

At John Conway's suggestion, they hired a lawyer

0:24:370:24:41

and began collecting sworn affidavits from Murphy's victims.

0:24:410:24:44

The idea was to submit these affidavits,

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which were very graphic and very clear,

0:24:470:24:49

to Archbishop Cousins and then, we thought the matter would be finished,

0:24:490:24:54

we thought that the priest would be removed from the school.

0:24:540:24:57

The Church's response was silence.

0:24:580:25:01

Determined to make their voices heard,

0:25:020:25:04

Bob, Arthur and Gary went to the Milwaukee Cathedral

0:25:040:25:08

and handed out their flyers to passers-by.

0:25:080:25:10

Suddenly, they were granted a meeting with Archbishop Cousins.

0:25:110:25:15

The Archbishop was there, Father Murphy was there.

0:25:150:25:17

In fact, Father Murphy sat right next to me.

0:25:170:25:20

He would look down, look around,

0:25:200:25:23

he was not going to make eye contact with us.

0:25:230:25:25

In the group were two priests.

0:25:270:25:30

They were described by the Archbishop as members of the Vatican.

0:25:300:25:35

And the Archbishop thanked us for bringing this matter

0:25:350:25:37

to the attention of the Archdiocese.

0:25:370:25:39

He allowed that this problem had existed before,

0:25:390:25:42

and he mentioned that back as far as 1960,

0:25:420:25:45

this matter had been addressed.

0:25:450:25:47

Cousins would deny having said this,

0:25:480:25:51

but an investigation revealed that, even before 1960,

0:25:510:25:54

Father Walsh had tried to do something about Murphy.

0:25:540:25:58

Having heard complaints from Arthur and from other students,

0:25:580:26:01

Walsh reported the accusations to Cousins' predecessor,

0:26:010:26:04

Archbishop Meyer.

0:26:040:26:06

Meyer went to Murphy and he confessed to the abuse,

0:26:060:26:09

but Murphy was not dismissed.

0:26:090:26:12

He went away in a short retreat

0:26:120:26:14

before being invited back

0:26:140:26:16

to supervise children at St John's.

0:26:160:26:19

Other deaf people had told Father Walsh

0:26:200:26:23

and then, Father Walsh told Meyer in 1957.

0:26:230:26:26

And then, I said something in 1963.

0:26:260:26:29

It turned out that Walsh had made the same report

0:26:320:26:35

to the office of the Papal Nuncio,

0:26:350:26:37

the Vatican Ambassador in Washington DC.

0:26:370:26:40

So by this meeting, in 1974,

0:26:410:26:44

the Vatican had known about Murphy for almost 20 years.

0:26:440:26:48

This was known and it had been dealt with in the past.

0:26:480:26:52

We immediately said Father Murphy has to be removed from the school.

0:26:520:26:57

Murphy said, "No, I take care of the budget and the money and everything."

0:26:570:27:01

And Archbishop Cousins got very angry.

0:27:010:27:03

He started scolding and arguing with us.

0:27:030:27:06

I'm thinking, "Wow, I can't believe this. Where was his compassion?

0:27:060:27:09

"Where was his wanting to listen to this?"

0:27:090:27:12

So we eventually kind of walked out, the Archbishop's saying to me

0:27:120:27:15

that he was very upset because he thought he was dealing

0:27:150:27:18

with a person of good faith.

0:27:180:27:20

I told him I thought I was dealing with a person of good faith as well.

0:27:210:27:25

When deposed years later Archbishop Cousins recalled the meeting,

0:27:300:27:35

he said that, at the time, he did not find the allegations credible.

0:27:350:27:39

He had conducted an investigation and found no proof.

0:27:390:27:43

When asked what steps he had taken

0:27:430:27:45

to determine the veracity of the allegations,

0:27:450:27:48

Cousins said that he had interviewed Murphy and the school staff.

0:27:480:27:51

When the lawyer asked if he had interviewed students,

0:27:530:27:55

Cousins admitted that he hadn't bothered to talk to them.

0:27:550:27:59

"After all," he said, "The students are deaf."

0:27:590:28:02

Bob Bolger, Gary and I went to the Milwaukee Courthouse downtown.

0:28:070:28:11

And we started handing out these flyers.

0:28:110:28:14

And all the hearing people were shocked.

0:28:140:28:17

And Bob put the flyer on DA Michael McCann's desk.

0:28:220:28:25

Nobody talked to us, we said nothing,

0:28:270:28:29

we just kept handing them out.

0:28:290:28:31

The DA's office took notice of the flyers

0:28:310:28:35

and granted the men a meeting with then Assistant DA Bill Gardner.

0:28:350:28:39

Gardner went out to St John's to question students in the senior boys' dormitory.

0:28:390:28:44

They met in our dorm, about six of the boys.

0:28:440:28:48

The meeting only lasted about 15, 20 minutes,

0:28:480:28:51

cos they all said, "No, no, nothing is going on."

0:28:510:28:54

And it didn't take long, it was over.

0:28:540:28:56

I was kind of surprised,

0:28:560:28:57

cos two of the gentlemen in the dorm

0:28:570:28:59

loved to argue and debate anything

0:28:590:29:02

and they were quiet as a church mouse.

0:29:020:29:05

Gary, Bob and Arthur believed

0:29:050:29:07

that their charges were not taken seriously

0:29:070:29:09

because McCann and Gardner were devout Catholics.

0:29:090:29:13

With no active students willing to come forward,

0:29:130:29:16

the brief investigation ended.

0:29:160:29:18

McCann's office said they did not investigate past claims

0:29:180:29:21

because of the Statute Of Limitations.

0:29:210:29:24

The DA's office never brought charges against Murphy,

0:29:250:29:28

but at the school, the matter was not forgotten.

0:29:280:29:32

One of the gentlemen in the dorm had come by the door to my room,

0:29:320:29:36

it was about 10.30, 11 at night.

0:29:360:29:38

And he said, "We want to talk to you about Murphy."

0:29:380:29:42

You know, that's when they opened up about some of the stuff.

0:29:420:29:45

So I did call the Archbishop's office and I just said,

0:29:460:29:51

"I have some stuff on the Father Murphy case

0:29:510:29:54

"that I think the Archbishop needs to hear."

0:29:540:29:57

He and I just met alone and I told him,

0:29:570:30:00

"Father Murphy admitted to me that he is molesting boys,"

0:30:000:30:03

I said, "I have dates and times"

0:30:030:30:06

and I said, "I'm going to go to the parents."

0:30:060:30:09

Almost immediately, it was announced

0:30:110:30:13

that Father Murphy would leave St John's for health reasons.

0:30:130:30:18

The writer for the Milwaukee Sentinel who covered the story

0:30:180:30:20

included the allegations against Murphy in her draft.

0:30:200:30:23

But the newspaper's editor removed any mention of sexual abuse.

0:30:250:30:28

Terry had just returned to St John's to teach history

0:30:300:30:34

after graduating from Gallaudet University.

0:30:340:30:37

With his new Super 8 camera,

0:30:370:30:39

he filmed Murphy's departure.

0:30:390:30:41

I remember filming Murphy leaving

0:30:410:30:44

and knowing that Murphy was a paedophile.

0:30:440:30:46

The children thought that Murphy was leaving because of health reasons,

0:30:460:30:50

but I knew he was leaving because he had molested children.

0:30:500:30:53

The children lined up to shake his hand.

0:31:110:31:14

And through tears, Murphy said goodbye to each of them.

0:31:150:31:19

Father Fitzgerald started out as a priest in Boston

0:31:400:31:43

and priests come to him who have sexually offended,

0:31:430:31:46

so he knows he needs to do something.

0:31:460:31:49

He formed an order, the Order of the Paracletes

0:31:490:31:51

in order to treat paedophile priests.

0:31:510:31:55

The first Servants of the Paraclete treatment centre

0:31:560:31:59

was opened in Jemez Springs, New Mexico, in 1947.

0:31:590:32:03

Father Fitzgerald did not believe in psychology or counselling.

0:32:030:32:06

He favoured spiritual treatment,

0:32:060:32:09

hoping that sex offenders and alcoholics

0:32:090:32:11

would find salvation on their knees, praying for mercy.

0:32:110:32:15

But on one point Father Fitzgerald was absolutely clear -

0:32:150:32:18

sexual predators should be defrocked

0:32:180:32:21

or hidden from the faithful behind monastery walls.

0:32:210:32:24

He came to the conclusion that priests who sexually abuse children are like vipers -

0:32:240:32:29

you can never stop them.

0:32:290:32:31

The only thing you can do is remove them from their target population

0:32:310:32:35

and make them live a life of prayer and penance.

0:32:350:32:38

He wrote to the Pope, he constantly wrote to bishops

0:32:380:32:42

and he said, "Look, this is a terrible problem.

0:32:420:32:44

"Paedophilia is infesting lots of seminaries,

0:32:440:32:48

"you've got to do something about it."

0:32:480:32:50

So, he thought, "Let's get an island!

0:32:500:32:53

"You can't stop them, but you can contain them.

0:32:530:32:55

"Let's get an island in the Caribbean."

0:32:550:32:57

He sent a priest out, he was looking in Barbados,

0:33:000:33:03

he was looking in various islands and they went ahead

0:33:030:33:07

and they actually did begin the process to buy an island.

0:33:070:33:11

It was the island of Carriacou, off the coast of Grenada,

0:33:110:33:14

famous for its nutmeg and beautiful beaches.

0:33:140:33:18

The Church put a 5,000 down payment on Carriacou,

0:33:180:33:22

but Church superiors overruled the idea of an island for paedophile priests.

0:33:220:33:27

Then, the Church hierarchy decided to change the policy of the Paracletes.

0:33:270:33:31

Instead of removing priests from victims,

0:33:310:33:33

the centres attempted to rehabilitate and recirculate them.

0:33:330:33:37

From the 50s to the 90s,

0:33:370:33:39

the Servants of the Paraclete spent 80 million

0:33:390:33:41

treating more than 2,000 priests

0:33:410:33:44

in special centres in Italy, France,

0:33:440:33:47

Great Britain, Africa, South America and the Philippines.

0:33:470:33:50

Lawrence Murphy retreated to his cabin in Boulder Junction,

0:34:000:34:03

a small town in northern Wisconsin.

0:34:030:34:06

He was assigned to a local church, St Anne's.

0:34:080:34:11

But the parish was not told anything about Murphy's past.

0:34:110:34:14

Murphy continued to abuse local children.

0:34:160:34:18

Back in Milwaukee, Gary Smith decided to tell his father

0:34:220:34:26

about the abuse he suffered as a teenager.

0:34:260:34:30

John Conway did the interpreting and explained it to my father

0:34:300:34:34

and he was very upset.

0:34:340:34:36

And that's when my dad lost his temper

0:34:360:34:38

and decided to contact a lawyer.

0:34:380:34:41

They decided to file a lawsuit against the Archdiocese,

0:34:410:34:44

the school and Father Murphy.

0:34:440:34:46

Nuns from the school

0:34:470:34:49

and other supporters of Father Murphy within the deaf community

0:34:490:34:52

began showing up at Gary's apartment,

0:34:520:34:54

pressuring him to drop the lawsuit.

0:34:540:34:56

Then, mysteriously, the matter was settled.

0:34:580:35:01

Father Murphy agreed to pay 500 for Gary's legal fees

0:35:010:35:05

and St John's offered Gary the sum of a few thousand dollars for counselling.

0:35:050:35:09

The deal was struck

0:35:090:35:11

after a nun called Sister Martha Ann visited Gary,

0:35:110:35:14

who had no-one to translate for him,

0:35:140:35:16

and persuaded Gary to sign an unusual document

0:35:160:35:19

in which he dropped the case and apologised to the Church.

0:35:190:35:23

He, of course, is deaf and marginality literate.

0:35:230:35:26

Not all deaf people are illiterate, but English is not their language.

0:35:260:35:32

They coerced and tricked him into a settlement.

0:35:320:35:35

Despite Gary's apology,

0:36:060:36:08

the Church failed to pay the 5,000 for his therapy

0:36:080:36:11

for 20 years.

0:36:110:36:13

Father Doyle is an early whistleblower in the scandal.

0:36:200:36:25

He's working for the Papal Nuncio in Washington,

0:36:250:36:28

he's beginning to see some of the communication about these cases

0:36:280:36:33

and is realising that it could be a bigger problem

0:36:330:36:36

than just a couple bad apples, a bad priest here or there.

0:36:360:36:40

He initially tries to work within Church channels

0:36:400:36:45

and he thinks that there's going to be a response.

0:36:450:36:48

When there isn't, he eventually becomes a public whistleblower.

0:36:480:36:53

The attitude from the Vatican was, "We don't turn our priests in.

0:36:550:36:59

"This is our problem, we take care of it,

0:36:590:37:01

"you don't refer to the civil authorities

0:37:010:37:03

"when they're committing felony crimes."

0:37:030:37:06

Now, I don't know what they would have done if it would have been a slew of murders.

0:37:060:37:09

He has remained in the Church while being both a critic of the Church

0:37:090:37:14

and an expert witness in lawsuits against the Church.

0:37:140:37:18

I first became aware of the Murphy case

0:37:180:37:20

when it became publicly known

0:37:200:37:23

and I was asked to evaluate some of the information.

0:37:230:37:26

The Vatican knew that there'd been prior reports about Murphy,

0:37:270:37:31

there was no conspiracy,

0:37:310:37:32

but there was something far worse than a conspiracy.

0:37:320:37:35

The very policy of keeping this absolutely secret,

0:37:350:37:39

that was the policy.

0:37:390:37:41

And the first regulations to keep these issues absolutely secret

0:37:410:37:45

were issued in 1866 by the Vatican.

0:37:450:37:48

Back in the 1980s, Father Doyle wrote that these cases

0:37:500:37:54

were going to cost the Church eventually 1 billion.

0:37:540:37:59

The last estimate is it's over 2 billion.

0:37:590:38:02

So he was right.

0:38:020:38:04

'Facing the crisis,

0:38:050:38:06

'Catholics confront the sex abuse scandal on the very first day...'

0:38:060:38:10

'NBC News In Depth tonight. Crisis in the Church...'

0:38:100:38:13

'New details tonight about how the Boston Archdiocese handled the case

0:38:130:38:16

'of a priest charged now with repeatedly raping a young boy.'

0:38:160:38:20

'Tonight, another priest...'

0:38:200:38:22

'John Geoghan, accused by more than 130 of abuse...'

0:38:220:38:25

'Newly released documents show Boston Church officials knew...'

0:38:250:38:28

'Cardinal Law knew of Shanley's alleged abusive behaviour,

0:38:280:38:31

'but never informed legal authorities...'

0:38:310:38:33

'Last month's life sentence given to Father John Hanlon

0:38:330:38:36

'for raping a young boy

0:38:360:38:37

'is the latest chapter in a scandal that is...'

0:38:370:38:39

'Now, after the Church sex scandal first came to light in Boston,

0:38:390:38:42

'thousands of victims across the country have gone public...'

0:38:420:38:45

'This morning, the Pope has broken his silence

0:38:450:38:47

'about the growing sexual abuse rocking the Catholic Church in the United States.'

0:38:470:38:51

'Even President Bush weighed in yesterday saying he's confident

0:38:510:38:54

'the Church will clean up its business and do the right thing.'

0:38:540:38:57

DEMONSTRATORS: 'Law must go! Law must go!'

0:38:570:39:01

Identified as a key figure who covered up sex abuse in Boston,

0:39:040:39:07

Cardinal Law cost the Church tens of millions of dollars in settlements.

0:39:070:39:12

But instead of being punished by the Vatican,

0:39:120:39:15

Law was rewarded with a seven-year term

0:39:150:39:17

at this magnificent basilica in Rome.

0:39:170:39:20

It sends a pretty blatant message that victims aren't that important,

0:39:200:39:23

but you've persecuted this poor cardinal.

0:39:230:39:26

You know, he's suffered enough, now we've got to give him

0:39:260:39:28

a nice cushy job to protect him.

0:39:280:39:31

One of the things that Vatican officials had tried to do

0:39:310:39:34

is portray this as an American thing

0:39:340:39:36

or, at best, an Anglo-Saxon thing.

0:39:360:39:39

Oh, the sex abuse scandals,

0:39:390:39:41

they happen only in the United States, in Canada...

0:39:410:39:44

And, suddenly, in the year 2010,

0:39:440:39:47

this great scandal explodes in Europe.

0:39:470:39:51

It explodes in Ireland,

0:39:510:39:53

in Germany,

0:39:530:39:54

in Austria, in Switzerland,

0:39:540:39:56

in France, in Belgium.

0:39:560:39:57

Everybody points to this to be from the date 2002,

0:39:590:40:03

when the Boston Globe said, "Hey, we have a problem here."

0:40:030:40:06

And they subsequently published 1,200 articles.

0:40:060:40:10

This is an old, old problem

0:40:100:40:13

and if you follow this problem to its foundation,

0:40:130:40:16

it will lead you to the highest corridors of the Vatican.

0:40:160:40:20

Benedicti Decimi Sexti.

0:40:230:40:26

Cardinale Ratzinger.

0:40:260:40:29

CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

0:40:290:40:32

In 2005, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected Pope,

0:40:370:40:41

and chose the name Benedict XVI.

0:40:410:40:44

He was known as a great theologian and intellectual.

0:40:460:40:50

What many did not realise

0:40:500:40:52

was that for 25 years, he'd led the Vatican Office familiar

0:40:520:40:55

with the most severe cases of sex abuse by priests,

0:40:550:40:59

the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

0:40:590:41:03

The CDF has a dark history.

0:41:030:41:06

When it was founded in the 16th century,

0:41:060:41:08

it was known as the Inquisition.

0:41:080:41:11

Ratzinger took that job over,

0:41:110:41:13

he was Archbishop of Munich and Freising,

0:41:130:41:15

and he was promoted by John Paul II to run

0:41:150:41:17

the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

0:41:170:41:20

Think of the Pope in the middle and a whole bunch of offices around him.

0:41:220:41:26

What you had was multiple offices of the Holy See, who ultimately

0:41:260:41:30

don't talk to one another, handling these different cases.

0:41:300:41:35

And so, cases wouldn't get bogged down.

0:41:350:41:38

But then what happened in 2001,

0:41:400:41:43

Ratzinger put out this teaching approved by John Paul II that said,

0:41:430:41:47

"Every sex abuse case that involves a minor, they all come to my desk."

0:41:470:41:53

From 2001 forward,

0:41:560:41:57

every single priest sex abuse case went to Ratzinger.

0:41:570:42:01

Cardinal Ratzinger, now His Holiness Benedict XVI,

0:42:030:42:07

is the most knowledgeable person in the world

0:42:070:42:09

regarding priestly sexual abuse of minors,

0:42:090:42:13

cos he has all the data.

0:42:130:42:15

Inside the cloistered walls of the Vatican

0:42:180:42:21

lie voluminous records of worldwide sexual abuse in the priesthood,

0:42:210:42:25

centralised in the secret archives

0:42:250:42:27

of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

0:42:270:42:31

It is the century-old history of the Catholic Church.

0:42:310:42:36

We have documents from councils in Spain in the 4th century

0:42:360:42:42

after Christ, in which there is written something about

0:42:420:42:48

sex abuse with children.

0:42:480:42:50

So it is 1,700 years that the church is dealing about this.

0:42:500:42:56

This is the guilt of the Vatican.

0:42:590:43:02

They could already understand that this scandal was not just

0:43:020:43:07

an American scandal, and that a paedophile is not a sinner,

0:43:070:43:13

but he's a criminal.

0:43:130:43:14

He is a criminal who plans his activity, who is very

0:43:140:43:19

attentive to organise situations in which he can abuse children.

0:43:190:43:25

# Well, it's one for the money And it's two for the show

0:43:250:43:28

# Three to get ready Now, go, cat, go

0:43:280:43:31

# But don't you Stand on my blue suede shoes

0:43:310:43:34

# Uh-huh

0:43:340:43:35

# You can do anything But lay off of my blue suede shoes. #

0:43:350:43:39

For most people, Tony Walsh was the priest from Ballyfermot

0:43:390:43:42

who did an Elvis impersonation,

0:43:420:43:44

He was part of the Singing Priests group.

0:43:440:43:46

And he was very good, he was a really, really popular priest.

0:43:460:43:49

What most people didn't know was that Tony Walsh

0:43:490:43:52

was Ireland's most notorious paedophile.

0:43:520:43:55

In 2010, a government investigation revealed that Walsh,

0:43:580:44:01

by his own count, had committed over 200 acts of abuse.

0:44:010:44:05

That investigation, known as the Murphy Report, also uncovered the

0:44:050:44:09

fact that the archdiocese of Dublin had known about Walsh's activity

0:44:090:44:13

for nearly 20 years, yet did nothing to inform parents or police.

0:44:130:44:18

In Ireland, Catholicism is kind of like a blood type.

0:44:230:44:26

It's the status quo, it's what's always been done,

0:44:260:44:29

you don't question it, you blindly go along with it.

0:44:290:44:31

The Catholic Church was part of who we are and what we are.

0:44:310:44:34

The priest, he is the carrier of the sacrament.

0:44:370:44:40

You know, it's almost like he's the...he's got the Holy Grail.

0:44:400:44:43

I remember interviewing a woman once and she said,

0:44:430:44:45

"We used to get down on our knees

0:44:450:44:47

"when he passed by and bless ourselves."

0:44:470:44:49

"He carried the host." That's how people saw them

0:44:490:44:51

and that's because they were almost Godlike.

0:44:510:44:54

The government investigation into the Singing Priest uncovered

0:44:570:45:01

church documents that revealed a new dimension

0:45:010:45:03

to the worldwide sex abuse scandal.

0:45:030:45:06

It was the role played by bishops

0:45:060:45:08

and the Vatican in allowing the abuse to continue.

0:45:080:45:11

Year after year,

0:45:130:45:14

parents reported Walsh's abuse to the Dublin archdiocese,

0:45:140:45:18

but the church did not punish the priest,

0:45:180:45:20

reach out to the victims or alert local parents.

0:45:200:45:25

As revelations continued in the Walsh case,

0:45:250:45:27

parents and survivors scanned the Murphy Report to learn

0:45:270:45:30

the extent of the crimes and the cover-up.

0:45:300:45:33

Documents showed that the church kept allowing Walsh

0:45:330:45:36

to care for children, even after a secret stint in a clinic

0:45:360:45:41

run by the Servants of the Paraclete.

0:45:410:45:44

VOICE DISTORTED: The clinic allowed Father Walsh

0:45:440:45:46

to roam the streets of the nearby large city,

0:45:460:45:49

after admitting to abusing 100 kids, unsupervised.

0:45:490:45:53

He was allowed to dress in clerical attire

0:45:530:45:55

and said Masses in the local churches.

0:45:550:45:58

Father Walsh visited a house

0:45:580:46:00

and paid a lot of attention to the 11-year-old son.

0:46:000:46:03

He agreed to babysit for the children

0:46:030:46:05

-and God knows what happened to the kids that week.

-Yeah.

0:46:050:46:09

I mean, that's a clinic allowing him to do something like that.

0:46:090:46:12

-That is ridiculous. And they're not being held accountable.

-It's...

0:46:120:46:17

Father Walsh was immediately removed from the clinic.

0:46:170:46:20

I think it's about time

0:46:200:46:21

when a paedophile gets thrown out of a clinic.

0:46:210:46:24

Through the mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen.

0:46:240:46:26

And we ask these and all our prayers,

0:46:260:46:29

through Jesus Christ, Our Lord, Amen.

0:46:290:46:33

Even after a decade of abuse,

0:46:330:46:35

the faithful heard nothing about Walsh from the Archbishop of Dublin.

0:46:350:46:40

-Why didn't you go yourself, Bishop?

-Go where?

-Go to the victims yourself.

0:46:400:46:44

-Erm...

-And encourage them to go to the police.

0:46:440:46:48

I suppose perhaps I should have, perhaps I should have done

0:46:480:46:51

but, erm, I've so much to do.

0:46:510:46:55

In secret, Archbishop Connell did launch an investigation,

0:46:570:47:01

but according to the laws of Roman Catholicism,

0:47:010:47:04

known as Canon law, Connell followed orders from the Vatican to keep

0:47:040:47:09

any details of Walsh's crimes hidden behind the walls of the church.

0:47:090:47:14

Everybody involved in that process,

0:47:140:47:16

the accuser, the accused and the witnesses,

0:47:160:47:19

are all obliged to take an oath of absolute secrecy,

0:47:190:47:23

that they will never reveal for the rest of their life

0:47:230:47:25

any of the information that they learned in the process.

0:47:250:47:30

Following the dictates of the Vatican,

0:47:300:47:32

13 years after the first sign of Walsh's abuse,

0:47:320:47:36

Archbishop Connell finally convened a secret church trial.

0:47:360:47:40

They appoint three judges, Canon lawyers, to listen to evidence,

0:47:400:47:44

which is overwhelmingly evidence against this guy, and they

0:47:440:47:47

recommend in 1992 that he should be dismissed from the priesthood.

0:47:470:47:51

And he's always pleaded not guilty.

0:47:510:47:53

Even though he's admitted to 100 cases of abuse,

0:47:530:47:56

he's pleaded not guilty.

0:47:560:47:57

He appeals that to Rome.

0:47:570:48:00

For eight months, the Vatican dithers

0:48:000:48:02

and decides what to do with him,

0:48:020:48:03

and in that eight months he abuses another child.

0:48:030:48:06

Abuses a child at his grandfather's funeral.

0:48:060:48:09

The Vatican is fundamentally responsible

0:48:090:48:11

for this guy being abused.

0:48:110:48:13

The Vatican come back and decide,

0:48:140:48:16

"Well, we won't dismiss him from the priesthood,

0:48:160:48:19

"Put him in a monastery for 10 years."

0:48:190:48:21

The bishop is tearing his hair out.

0:48:210:48:22

"What do you mean, put him in a monastery for 10 years?!

0:48:220:48:24

"No monastery will take him!"

0:48:240:48:26

And so, Des Connell pleads with the Vatican, and he personally

0:48:260:48:30

went to see Cardinal Ratzinger to write his dismissal order.

0:48:300:48:32

The Vatican did nothing.

0:48:350:48:37

But angry parents forced the police to act.

0:48:370:48:41

Walsh was convicted of sexual assault in 1995.

0:48:410:48:44

Only then, after tolerating Walsh's abuse of hundreds of children,

0:48:450:48:50

did the Vatican finally dismiss Father Walsh

0:48:500:48:53

from the priestly state.

0:48:530:48:56

Two priests who were judges on the Tony Walsh case

0:48:560:49:00

swore an oath of secrecy.

0:49:000:49:02

Where are they now? They're two bishops.

0:49:020:49:05

For priests, secrecy can have its rewards.

0:49:190:49:22

But for the faithful in Ireland, the cover-up may be an unforgivable sin.

0:49:230:49:27

We were 95% practising Catholics.

0:49:300:49:33

I spoke to a priest only yesterday, he says,

0:49:330:49:36

"4% come to church in Dublin."

0:49:360:49:38

But that's not to say that they've lost their faith.

0:49:380:49:42

They certainly lost faith in the hierarchy.

0:49:420:49:45

In 2010, Pope Benedict sought to bring the flock back to the church

0:49:480:49:52

by writing an unprecedented letter to the Irish faithful.

0:49:520:49:57

To us bishops he says,

0:49:580:50:00

"We must admit that grave errors of judgment were made,

0:50:000:50:04

"and failures of leadership occurred which have seriously

0:50:040:50:09

"undermined our credibility and effectiveness."

0:50:090:50:12

What he does is, he blames the Irish bishops for their misplaced concern

0:50:120:50:16

for the reputation of the church in the avoidance of scandal,

0:50:160:50:19

for not following Canon law.

0:50:190:50:21

He never once acknowledged the role of the Vatican in all of this.

0:50:210:50:24

I spoke to one bishop who was so angry.

0:50:240:50:27

He said, "How dare he blame us?

0:50:270:50:30

"Show me where we didn't follow Canon law!

0:50:300:50:32

"Canon law was the problem!"

0:50:320:50:35

That prompted a few people to come out of the woodwork, if you like.

0:50:350:50:40

An anonymous source leaked a mysterious document.

0:50:420:50:47

It was a smoking gun.

0:50:470:50:49

A 1997 letter from the Vatican

0:50:490:50:51

that overruled attempts by Irish bishops

0:50:510:50:54

to report sex abuse to the police.

0:50:540:50:56

Why didn't any of them just stand up publicly and come out and say,

0:50:580:51:01

"The Vatican has instructed us not to report crimes to the police"?

0:51:010:51:04

Because they are totally loyal to the Vatican.

0:51:040:51:07

In 2011, the release of yet another government investigation

0:51:090:51:13

was the final blow which shattered relations

0:51:130:51:15

between the Vatican and Ireland.

0:51:150:51:18

The report excavates the dysfunction, the disconnection,

0:51:180:51:22

the elitism that dominates the culture of the Vatican today.

0:51:220:51:28

The rape and the torture of children were downplayed

0:51:280:51:31

or managed to uphold instead the primacy of the institution

0:51:310:51:36

its power, its standing and its reputation.

0:51:360:51:41

This calculated,

0:51:410:51:42

withering position being the polar opposite of the radicalism,

0:51:420:51:46

the humility and the compassion upon which the Roman Church was founded.

0:51:460:51:52

BELLS CHIME

0:51:570:52:00

Even as Irish churches lay empty,

0:52:130:52:15

Rome received tens of thousands of pilgrims from all over the world

0:52:150:52:19

who had come to see the beatification of Pope John Paul II.

0:52:190:52:24

PRAYER IN LATIN

0:52:240:52:27

As the prayers continued late into the night,

0:52:390:52:42

victims of sex abuse couldn't help wondering

0:52:420:52:45

why Benedict was in such a rush

0:52:450:52:48

to move John Paul's soul on the path to sainthood.

0:52:480:52:51

Maciel Maciel Degollado was one of the world's most charismatic

0:53:040:53:08

fundraisers for the Catholic Church.

0:53:080:53:11

In 1941, he founded the Legion Of Christ,

0:53:110:53:14

a group of young zealots who raised phenomenal amounts of money

0:53:140:53:18

and opened universities and seminaries all over the world.

0:53:180:53:22

Maciel controlled an annual operating budget of 650 million,

0:53:220:53:26

and counted amongst his friends the world's richest man, Carlos Slim,

0:53:260:53:30

Jeb Bush, Sandy Weill, former chairman of Citigroup,

0:53:300:53:34

and former CIA director William Casey.

0:53:340:53:38

Maciel was also a particular favourite of Pope John Paul II

0:53:380:53:42

who exalted him as a holy man and visionary.

0:53:420:53:45

Maciel was as connected as you could get in Rome

0:53:450:53:49

and he got that way by giving money to people.

0:53:490:53:51

He was held in great favour by John Paul II.

0:53:510:53:54

For a number of reasons. The money was certainly one of them.

0:53:540:53:56

And second, he was bowing and scraping

0:53:560:53:59

and worshipping the Pope and the Pope apparently liked it.

0:53:590:54:02

But, as the song goes, though Maciel looks like an angel

0:54:040:54:08

and talked like an angel, he was a devil in disguise.

0:54:080:54:11

Behind closed doors, Maciel led a secret life.

0:54:180:54:22

He was a morphine addict

0:54:220:54:23

and a ruthless sex criminal who abused dozens of his legionaries.

0:54:230:54:27

He would visit the monasteries every few days

0:54:270:54:30

and insist on being masturbated

0:54:300:54:32

or on having sex with one of the boys.

0:54:320:54:34

Often posing as an agent of the CIA,

0:54:350:54:37

he had at least two secret mistresses and four children.

0:54:370:54:41

He abused some of them too.

0:54:410:54:44

Yet even when stories in the press started to emerge about Maciel,

0:54:440:54:48

John Paul did not investigate him, he celebrated him.

0:54:480:54:52

In 1997, when Renner and I did the investigative piece

0:54:520:54:56

for the Hartford Courant,

0:54:560:54:57

the response we got from the Vatican was nothing.

0:54:570:55:02

To say that John Paul was not given the information is preposterous.

0:55:020:55:06

He is the Pope. People around him have this kind of information.

0:55:060:55:10

One key cardinal, Angelo Sodano, stayed close to Maciel

0:55:100:55:14

even as Maciel funnelled millions of dollars into the Vatican.

0:55:140:55:19

Sodano would be Maciel's protector right to the end.

0:55:190:55:24

The Maciel case is really a school case

0:55:240:55:28

in order to understand how the machine works within the Vatican.

0:55:280:55:32

Marco Politi is one of Italy's most knowledgeable Vatican-watchers.

0:55:340:55:38

He has also spent a considerable amount of time

0:55:380:55:41

with Joseph Ratzinger.

0:55:410:55:43

From the outside, Ratzinger is often perceived as a stiff personality,

0:55:430:55:48

cold, merciless with the dissenters in the Church.

0:55:480:55:53

If you see him from the inside, in the inner circle,

0:55:530:55:57

it's a very warm personality, sensitive.

0:55:570:56:00

So he has always been very shocked

0:56:000:56:03

when he has heard about sex abuse scandals.

0:56:030:56:07

For him it is a horrible sin.

0:56:080:56:10

His first reaction is the horror that a priest could do

0:56:290:56:32

something like this. That's telling.

0:56:320:56:34

It wasn't, "These poor victims!" That was not his first reaction.

0:56:340:56:38

His first reaction is,

0:56:380:56:40

"It's despoiled the priesthood! The sacred institution!"

0:56:400:56:43

Yet, when he was a cardinal,

0:56:430:56:45

it was his job to examine every one of these sex abuse cases.

0:56:450:56:50

Ratzinger would have liked to open an investigation

0:56:500:56:54

but he was stopped by the Secretary Of State, Cardinal Sodano.

0:56:540:57:00

Sodano's ability to protect Maciel put Ratzinger in a difficult

0:57:000:57:04

position as more and more victims of Maciel came forward.

0:57:040:57:07

What you find in Ratzinger at that point is a man who is troubled

0:57:070:57:12

by justice that had not gone forward

0:57:120:57:15

and yet at the same time was trying to balance his loyalty to the Pope,

0:57:150:57:19

who clearly did not want Maciel prosecuted.

0:57:190:57:22

Cardinal Ratzinger waits till the moment when John Paul II is dying.

0:57:300:57:38

The same day that John Paul II dies,

0:57:380:57:42

the Prosecutor General of the Congregation Of Faith flies

0:57:420:57:47

to New York and he stays in New York and in Mexico City for eight days

0:57:470:57:53

and he gets all the material to show that Maciel was a sex criminal.

0:57:530:58:00

So it is interesting, for at least 15 years, the Vatican didn't move

0:58:000:58:06

a finger to investigate and only in the moment

0:58:060:58:10

when all the Vatican is stopped because the Pope is dead

0:58:100:58:15

Cardinal Ratzinger succeeds to get the evidence.

0:58:150:58:19

Cardinal Ratzinger's investigation confirmed his suspicion

0:58:190:58:22

of Maciel's crimes but still he did not act.

0:58:220:58:26

When Benedict became Pope in 2005, did Benedict order his trial?

0:58:260:58:33

Did Benedict punish him in any way? No.

0:58:330:58:37

Not even a Pope is all-powerful because he lives in a structure -

0:58:380:58:43

the Roman Curia which is almost 2,000 years old -

0:58:430:58:48

and the structure always wants to defend itself.

0:58:480:58:54

He searched the truth about Maciel but he didn't get the courage

0:58:540:59:00

to condemn him immediately, publicly and to defrock him.

0:59:000:59:04

In 1997, facing a disease that would ultimately take his life,

0:59:160:59:21

Bob Bolger made this video to memorialise Father Murphy's crimes.

0:59:210:59:25

He set out on a road trip with his friends from St John's, Arthur

0:59:490:59:52

and Gary, to see if they could finally hold Murphy to account.

0:59:520:59:57

Murphy was living at the cabin in Boulder Junction

0:59:591:00:02

with a deaf housekeeper who'd studied and worked at St John's.

1:00:021:00:06

Bob gave me the camera and I videotaped it.

1:00:121:00:15

And then Murphy came out. And they met.

1:00:171:00:21

And Bob got in his face and really let him have it.

1:00:231:00:26

He told him, "You need to walk yourself right now

1:00:261:00:28

"to the police station.

1:00:281:00:30

"Walk yourself to jail."

1:00:301:00:32

Don't bother me. Don't bother me. Go on.

1:00:581:01:04

Then Grace got involved and was saying, "Forget it, forgive him!"

1:01:111:01:15

And Bolger is like, "You don't understand, Grace,

1:01:351:01:37

"stay out of it." After that, we got in the car and we left.

1:01:371:01:41

When I told my wife what I had experienced with Murphy,

1:01:541:01:57

her heart broke for me.

1:01:571:01:58

When I finally told her I thought,

1:02:011:02:04

"Shit, I should never have told my wife!"

1:02:041:02:07

I thought I had made a mistake.

1:02:071:02:10

I shouldn't have said anything, I should've kept it to myself.

1:02:101:02:13

But it was too late.

1:02:131:02:15

We grappled with it and my wife ultimately took me

1:02:151:02:19

to a psychologist.

1:02:191:02:21

So when I finally blew, just let it all out,

1:02:221:02:27

I decided to write what turned out to be a seven-page letter to Murphy.

1:02:271:02:30

I had to unleash every angry emotion that I had ever felt

1:02:301:02:34

and I just regurgitated it onto paper to Murphy.

1:02:341:02:37

I sent that letter off to him

1:03:301:03:31

and I got no reply so I wrote a second letter to Murphy.

1:03:311:03:35

Still no reply.

1:03:351:03:36

Weakland inherited Murphy in 1976

1:03:431:03:47

and all through the '70s and through the '80s and up until that letter

1:03:471:03:51

Archbishop Weakland

1:03:511:03:52

does absolutely nothing with him. Not a thing.

1:03:521:03:55

He keeps gathering information on Murphy

1:03:551:03:58

because victims keep coming to the archdioceses about him.

1:03:581:04:01

"What's happening with him? What are you doing with him?"

1:04:011:04:04

He does psychological and criminological assessments of Murphy

1:04:041:04:08

where they determine he has assaulted probably 200 children.

1:04:081:04:11

The therapist's handwritten notes on her interviews with Murphy

1:04:121:04:16

not only determined that he was untreatable,

1:04:161:04:19

they also revealed his complex justifications for his crimes.

1:04:191:04:23

Father Thomas Brundage called priest paedophilia

1:05:081:05:13

"a form of homicide",

1:05:131:05:17

in that it takes away children's innocence.

1:05:171:05:21

Would you agree or disagree with that observation?

1:05:211:05:25

If you had asked me that in 1979,

1:05:251:05:27

I would not have agreed but if you

1:05:271:05:29

ask me that now in the year 2008, I would say in almost every case, yes.

1:05:291:05:36

What do you do about Father Murphy?

1:05:381:05:40

It was a question which repeated itself over and over again.

1:05:401:05:43

The statutes of limitation had expired

1:05:431:05:46

so criminal charges in the courts were out of the question.

1:05:461:05:52

Statute of limitations in the Church courts,

1:05:521:05:55

according to Church law, Canon law, had expired long before the others.

1:05:551:06:00

Then it became evident that it might be possible to still submit the

1:06:011:06:06

Murphy case on the basis of the way in which he used the confessional.

1:06:061:06:11

That was one where the statute of limitation never expires.

1:06:111:06:14

I submitted that to Cardinal Ratzinger's office.

1:06:151:06:19

Finally, I think after a year, we got an answer back saying,

1:06:191:06:23

"Yes, we can open the case."

1:06:231:06:25

Weakland had a private conversation with Cardinal Ratzinger.

1:06:271:06:32

Weakland also had a formal meeting to

1:06:321:06:34

plead his case at the Congregation For The Doctrine Of The Faith.

1:06:341:06:39

The deaf community in Milwaukee wanted to dismiss Father Murphy

1:06:391:06:43

from religious life, so my heart went out to them.

1:06:431:06:47

It went out to the kids in particular

1:06:471:06:50

because they had not been believed by anybody.

1:06:501:06:54

This meeting was held in the last week of May.

1:06:551:06:58

In the middle of the summer, towards August, we got a letter

1:06:581:07:02

that this case would not go forward because Father Murphy was quite ill.

1:07:021:07:07

I felt awful having to go back and to say there was nothing more

1:07:111:07:15

I could do, I felt awful about that.

1:07:151:07:17

Weakland actually made an effort to do what any

1:07:191:07:25

ordinary citizen would do - get the guy out and protect others.

1:07:251:07:31

However, he did it without sacrificing his standing

1:07:311:07:38

in the clerical culture and with the Vatican.

1:07:381:07:41

He had his own sexual activity that he had to hide and keep secret

1:07:431:07:51

and that distorts the whole picture.

1:07:511:07:54

Weakland's activity was a homosexual affair that he had had with

1:07:541:07:58

a graduate student who ultimately blackmailed him

1:07:581:08:01

and the Church for 450,000.

1:08:011:08:03

Weakland's fall from grace

1:08:051:08:07

had nothing to do with sexual abuse really,

1:08:071:08:09

I mean, it was a consensual relationship

1:08:091:08:12

with somebody who was 35.

1:08:121:08:14

The big problem was the payoff, the paying for silence.

1:08:141:08:17

That was the real scandal.

1:08:171:08:19

This scandal distracted people from a key element of the Murphy story.

1:08:191:08:24

Rome may have refused to move against Murphy

1:08:241:08:26

because of a letter

1:08:261:08:28

that Father Murphy had written to Cardinal Ratzinger.

1:08:281:08:31

"I have repented of any of my past transgressions

1:08:341:08:38

"and have been living peaceably in northern Wisconsin for 24 years.

1:08:381:08:42

"I simply want to live out the time that I have left

1:08:421:08:45

"in the dignity of my priesthood."

1:08:451:08:48

It's not just, "I'm an old man. I'm an old PRIEST. I'm an old priest.

1:08:501:08:56

"Don't throw me away because I have this special mark.

1:08:561:08:59

"I am another Christ."

1:08:591:09:03

See, there is a heresy that the Church teaches.

1:09:031:09:06

When a man is ordained a priest, he is changed ontologically.

1:09:081:09:14

He is made a different brand of human being. A little less than the angels.

1:09:141:09:21

These are people set apart.

1:09:221:09:24

They are called, they are chosen by God, they want to protect

1:09:241:09:27

the sacramentality, the supernatural element and so that is

1:09:271:09:30

why they were very, very careful to do anything to the priest.

1:09:301:09:34

A priest can take bread and wine

1:09:341:09:37

and make Jesus Christ present on this altar.

1:09:371:09:41

He has power over heaven and hell, somebody comes to you in confession

1:09:431:09:48

and you say, "I won't absolve you" - he'll be damned.

1:09:481:09:54

The church court informed me

1:09:561:09:58

that Murphy couldn't go to his church hearing,

1:09:581:10:01

because he was too ill.

1:10:011:10:03

And Murphy wouldn't live much longer.

1:10:031:10:05

But Murphy went to play the slots.

1:10:071:10:09

And then he collapsed and was taken to the hospital.

1:10:111:10:14

Murphy passed away and he was buried in his priestly vestments,

1:10:181:10:23

in a Catholic cemetery.

1:10:231:10:25

LOUDSPEAKERS, IN ITALIAN: 'God helps throughout history.

1:10:481:10:51

'While contemplating the mystery we give thanks to God.

1:10:511:10:57

'We thank the Father.'

1:10:571:11:00

There are many people inside the Vatican

1:11:011:11:04

who still don't see how serious a matter this is.

1:11:041:11:07

And the code of Omerta, the code of silence,

1:11:071:11:10

keeps people from speaking out.

1:11:101:11:13

It's part of the whole psyche and mentality

1:11:171:11:20

and ethos of the hierarchy.

1:11:201:11:22

This idea that there are enemies out to destroy the church,

1:11:221:11:26

and do whatever you can to keep ammunition away from them.

1:11:261:11:30

For centuries the Vatican has been accustomed

1:11:301:11:34

to show to the world always that it is perfect.

1:11:341:11:38

So, you understand that the Vatican is terrorised that in Italy

1:11:381:11:43

you could have, also, thousands of sex abuse cases which,

1:11:431:11:48

up till now, have been hidden.

1:11:481:11:51

IN ITALIAN:

1:12:011:12:05

IN ITALIAN:

1:13:141:13:19

Throughout Italy,

1:13:331:13:34

news of victims is often drowned out by more powerful voices.

1:13:341:13:38

The signal from Vatican Radio is so strong that Romans can often

1:13:381:13:42

hear Sunday mass on their electric doorbells.

1:13:421:13:46

But when it comes to stories about sex abuse,

1:13:461:13:48

there is a deafening silence on Italy's national networks.

1:13:481:13:52

I think, for Catholic journalists, it has been a very difficult time.

1:13:521:13:55

I still hear some of the old Monsignori in the Vatican,

1:13:551:13:58

saying, "Oh, boys have always done this,

1:13:581:14:02

"in all-male environments, it's normal."

1:14:021:14:05

And, I mean, "This wasn't abuse, these kids,

1:14:051:14:08

"they were interested, and it's rites of passage."

1:14:081:14:11

Even in 2011.

1:14:111:14:12

One bishop made the statement, "Little boys heal.

1:14:121:14:16

"They will get over it."

1:14:161:14:18

In reference to a priest

1:14:181:14:19

who had marauded a number of young boys,

1:14:191:14:22

10, 12, 13-year-old boys.

1:14:221:14:24

Anally raping them, and things like that. You don't heal from that.

1:14:241:14:27

And most instances, your life is never the same. It's ruined.

1:14:271:14:31

I realised that the Vatican was in control of every priest

1:14:371:14:41

and every nun, every bishop and every cardinal,

1:14:411:14:44

and they were all under oath, they couldn't talk about it.

1:14:441:14:47

I couldn't stand seeing the church tell everyone to keep quiet,

1:14:471:14:50

and not talk about it.

1:14:501:14:52

Terry, having written to Cardinal Sodano,

1:14:541:14:58

on that, I felt we could build a case.

1:14:581:15:01

Jeff said, "Your letter to the Vatican was very powerful,

1:15:031:15:06

"and I'd be honoured to represent you."

1:15:061:15:09

I immediately agreed, and signed the paperwork.

1:15:101:15:14

When they left, I said to my wife,

1:15:141:15:16

"Jeff is going to help me sue the Vatican.

1:15:161:15:19

"He's going to get things in motion."

1:15:191:15:22

I love Jeff for that.

1:15:221:15:24

Jeff Anderson & Associates filed a lawsuit

1:15:241:15:27

against the Vatican on Terry's behalf.

1:15:271:15:29

The suit named Pope Benedict, the current Vatican Secretary of State,

1:15:291:15:33

Cardinal Bertone, and the former Secretary of State, Cardinal Sodano.

1:15:331:15:38

What we implore the Vatican to do in this lawsuit,

1:15:381:15:41

and what we need them to do, is to act.

1:15:411:15:43

That is, to disclose the secrets,

1:15:431:15:46

the evidence of the crimes that they have,

1:15:461:15:48

the identities of the offenders,

1:15:481:15:51

and the bishops, archbishops and cardinals

1:15:511:15:53

that have been complicit in those crimes, worldwide.

1:15:531:15:57

As a result of Terry's lawsuit,

1:15:591:16:01

documents were uncovered revealing the role of Rome

1:16:011:16:04

in the worldwide sex abuse scandal

1:16:041:16:06

that caught the attention of the New York Times.

1:16:061:16:09

These documents seemed to turn the whole story

1:16:091:16:12

that we'd been writing all these years, on its head.

1:16:121:16:16

Up until then, what we thought was that American bishops were at fault.

1:16:161:16:20

With these documents, for the first time,

1:16:201:16:23

we saw communication between American bishops

1:16:231:16:25

and in particular the office run by then-Cardinal Ratzinger,

1:16:251:16:29

in which the American bishops are pleading

1:16:291:16:31

with officials in the Vatican, repeatedly,

1:16:311:16:34

saying, "Help us get this priest out of the priesthood.

1:16:341:16:38

"The victims are asking us to defrock him."

1:16:381:16:41

And the response from the Vatican is to have compassion for the priest,

1:16:411:16:46

and almost no thought at all about the victims.

1:16:461:16:48

And you see that in these documents.

1:16:481:16:50

I was completely unprepared for the reaction.

1:16:501:16:54

I had no idea how big the story was.

1:16:541:16:57

I got hate mail, I got hate phone calls that were anti-Semitic.

1:16:571:17:01

The New York Times, and me personally,

1:17:011:17:04

we were accused of being anti-Catholic.

1:17:041:17:07

This is being driven by Jeffrey Anderson,

1:17:071:17:10

teaming up with the New York Times, going back half a century.

1:17:101:17:13

The alleged abuse took place in the 1950s.

1:17:131:17:17

The Vatican didn't find out about the case until 1996.

1:17:171:17:22

Ratzinger goes ahead and orders an investigation,

1:17:221:17:25

and during that two-year period while they are investigating,

1:17:251:17:28

Father Murphy dies.

1:17:281:17:29

Now what exactly was Ratzinger supposed to do?

1:17:291:17:31

Where is the wrongdoing?

1:17:311:17:33

It appeared to me that Mr Donohue didn't even read the story.

1:17:331:17:37

The victims, and their advocates, met with Archbishop Cousins in 1974.

1:17:371:17:43

And there were representatives of the Vatican in that meeting.

1:17:451:17:49

They were introduced to two men who said

1:17:491:17:52

they were from the Papal Nuncio's office.

1:17:521:17:55

There was a way that the Vatican was informed

1:17:551:17:58

of that case, as early as 1974.

1:17:581:18:01

IN ITALIAN:

1:18:011:18:04

Deny, minimise, and blame.

1:18:101:18:13

And so they now blame the media,

1:18:131:18:17

they now blame the lawyers,

1:18:171:18:20

they now even blame the survivors.

1:18:201:18:24

In 2011, Jeff Anderson & Associates

1:18:241:18:26

attempted to serve legal papers from Terry's lawsuit, to the Vatican.

1:18:261:18:30

The FedEx package was returned, with the Vatican's comment marked,

1:18:301:18:35

"undesired and unwanted".

1:18:351:18:37

Forcing Anderson's next attempt

1:18:371:18:39

to be made through the US State Department.

1:18:391:18:41

The church claims to be, and is recognised as, a state.

1:18:411:18:45

States have immunities, states have their own law.

1:18:451:18:49

They are severely disordered, and that's why they abuse.

1:18:491:18:53

Geoffrey Robertson is a human rights lawyer,

1:18:531:18:55

and the author of the book The Case of the Pope.

1:18:551:18:58

He seeks to hold the Pope accountable

1:18:581:19:00

for crimes against humanity,

1:19:001:19:02

and to demolish the diplomatic immunity of the Vatican.

1:19:021:19:05

The Vatican is not really a state.

1:19:051:19:08

It's a tiny little religious enclave in Rome.

1:19:081:19:12

It doesn't have a people. There are no Vaticanians.

1:19:121:19:14

No-one gets born in the Vatican, except by accident.

1:19:141:19:19

It's a group of celibate religious figures.

1:19:191:19:22

It's got no army, no soccer team,

1:19:221:19:25

none of the attributes of statehood.

1:19:251:19:28

Yet it has this power because of an historical anomaly.

1:19:281:19:31

In 1929, Mussolini made an alliance

1:19:311:19:35

with the man who became Pope Pious XI.

1:19:351:19:39

The church supported Mussolini's one-party, fascist state,

1:19:391:19:45

in return for being given the attribute of statehood.

1:19:451:19:50

It is the creation of a state

1:19:501:19:53

for the Catholic Church, by fascists.

1:19:531:19:56

This fence is the border of the country

1:19:581:20:00

that is known as the Vatican.

1:20:001:20:02

178 countries now acknowledge the Vatican as a state.

1:20:021:20:07

Politicians like to go and meet the Pope.

1:20:071:20:11

They like to have the blessing of the Pope,

1:20:111:20:14

to encourage their voters.

1:20:141:20:16

But the Pope poses a problem.

1:20:171:20:19

According to Canon Law,

1:20:191:20:21

the Pontiff cannot be judged by any civil or religious authority.

1:20:211:20:25

He is beyond the law.

1:20:251:20:27

It will be, I think, an important task,

1:20:271:20:31

to work out how to bring the Pope beneath the law,

1:20:311:20:35

by arguing either that the Vatican is not a real state

1:20:351:20:39

or that the degree of his negligence

1:20:391:20:42

over the child abuse scandal

1:20:421:20:44

does involve him in a crime against humanity.

1:20:441:20:47

This is a global church

1:20:521:20:53

that is growing most rapidly in the developing world.

1:20:531:20:57

In these cultures, the idea of someone coming forward

1:20:571:21:01

and saying a priest has done something wrong,

1:21:011:21:05

it doesn't happen.

1:21:051:21:07

There is such a stigma to this problem,

1:21:071:21:10

so much shame and embarrassment, but we know it goes on there.

1:21:101:21:15

Because it's a human problem.

1:21:151:21:16

And there have started to be cases, in Latin America,

1:21:161:21:19

in the Philippines, even some in Africa and India, very slowly.

1:21:191:21:23

They are about where the American church was in the 1960s and 1970s.

1:21:231:21:28

There is going to be a delayed reaction in that part of the world.

1:21:281:21:32

In America, one of the church's most public defenders

1:21:351:21:38

has been Timothy Dolan, who was recently promoted to Cardinal.

1:21:381:21:42

In 2009, Dolan was the Archbishop of Milwaukee,

1:21:431:21:47

where he endured legal settlements to abuse victims

1:21:471:21:50

that cost the church more than 26 million.

1:21:501:21:53

When you think of what happened,

1:21:531:21:55

both that a man who proposes to act in the name of God

1:21:551:21:59

would abuse an innocent young person,

1:21:591:22:01

and that some bishops would have, in a way, countenanced that,

1:22:011:22:04

by reassigning abusers, that's nothing less than hideous.

1:22:041:22:08

Nothing less than nauseating.

1:22:081:22:10

The second story, morally, is the church's reaction to that,

1:22:101:22:13

which I think has been good.

1:22:131:22:15

Many would disagree.

1:22:161:22:18

The fact is that abuse cases

1:22:181:22:20

continue to surface all over the country.

1:22:201:22:23

While in Milwaukee, Dolan met with victims,

1:22:241:22:27

but also took bold steps to protect the church from their claims.

1:22:271:22:31

Survivors note that Dolan moved assets

1:22:331:22:35

from living victims to dead souls,

1:22:351:22:38

by transferring 55 million of church money to a cemetery trust.

1:22:381:22:42

Then in 2011, the Archdiocese declared bankruptcy.

1:22:431:22:47

But in 2012, 570 victims of sex abuse,

1:22:501:22:53

including Arthur and Gary,

1:22:531:22:55

were granted the right to a trial against the Church

1:22:551:22:59

in Milwaukee's bankruptcy court.

1:22:591:23:02

Their goal was to uncover more documents regarding sex abuse

1:23:021:23:05

and to obtain cash settlements for survivors.

1:23:051:23:08

This is the largest organisation in the world.

1:23:101:23:14

You have rivers of cash, Sunday after Sunday,

1:23:141:23:18

that flow into these collection plates.

1:23:181:23:20

There is great concern within the hierarchy

1:23:201:23:23

about the impact of the financial losses.

1:23:231:23:26

Eight diocese have taken bankruptcy protection

1:23:261:23:29

to negotiate mass settlements,

1:23:291:23:31

Boston lost more than 50% of it's parishes.

1:23:311:23:34

IN ITALIAN:

1:23:381:23:41

Benedict XVI would like to heal the situation, to heal the victims.

1:23:591:24:04

On the other hand, he is in a sort of stalemate

1:24:051:24:08

because the organisations of the victims

1:24:081:24:11

want full transparency about the past.

1:24:111:24:16

They don't want only that the priests are defrocked.

1:24:161:24:19

They want full transparency about the past.

1:24:191:24:23

And I don't think that Benedict XVI is able to resolve this problem.

1:24:231:24:28

The ongoing revelations have provoked survivors to demand

1:24:311:24:34

a complete accounting of all cases of paedophile priests.

1:24:341:24:38

Open the archives.

1:24:391:24:41

The church is a perfect society.

1:24:491:24:51

And its witness is as perfect society to the rest of the world.

1:24:511:24:55

If we could get that out of our minds...

1:24:551:24:57

Maybe we could take the pedestal away from the priest,

1:25:001:25:03

take the pedestal away from the cardinals, take the pedestal away

1:25:031:25:06

from the whole church, and be willing to say,

1:25:061:25:09

"This is us, world. This is us. This is who we are.

1:25:091:25:13

"We are a church of imperfect people."

1:25:131:25:17

Jesus wasn't afraid of humanity, and we shouldn't be either.

1:25:181:25:21

When I'm asked in court, often times,

1:25:241:25:26

"How many times have you testified on behalf of the church?"

1:25:261:25:29

And my response usually is, "Always."

1:25:291:25:31

And they'll say, "Really?!" "Yeah, really."

1:25:311:25:33

The people, they are the church.

1:25:331:25:35

The victims, their mothers, fathers, friends,

1:25:351:25:38

those are the church.

1:25:381:25:40

They're the people of God,

1:25:401:25:41

as is found very clearly in the Gospel stories of Christ.

1:25:411:25:45

They are the people of God, they're the church.

1:25:451:25:49

Hi, my name is Gary Smith. Hello. I thank you all for coming here today.

1:25:521:25:57

One of our heroes.

1:25:581:26:00

Thank you all for coming here and supporting us here today.

1:26:031:26:06

Thank you. I love you.

1:26:061:26:07

I'm so glad that all of us are here and willing to share,

1:26:171:26:21

and I thank the whole team of lawyers that have been here,

1:26:211:26:24

supporting all of us.

1:26:241:26:25

I really went into hiding for about 35 years.

1:26:251:26:28

And now I'm here, and I feel really good.

1:26:281:26:31

The future of the children is what's important.

1:26:311:26:34

And I decided to come and support everyone, all the victims.

1:26:341:26:37

That filing of that bankruptcy did not stop us.

1:26:401:26:45

And will not stop us.

1:26:451:26:47

The idea of a group of deaf men,

1:26:491:26:51

leafleting the cars outside of a cathedral,

1:26:511:26:57

with a wanted poster of a priest,

1:26:571:27:00

at a time when nobody suspected priests of wrongdoing, not

1:27:001:27:07

to mention sexual abuse,

1:27:071:27:09

and trying to shout and to warn,

1:27:091:27:14

that just bowled me over.

1:27:141:27:18

They were really the first victims who realised

1:27:181:27:20

that they had to make public what was taking place. And they did that.

1:27:201:27:24

And to think that a quarter of a century later,

1:27:241:27:29

this case is bringing about change,

1:27:291:27:31

that is a moment of resurrection.

1:27:311:27:34

Coming out of this silence, of this deaf community,

1:27:341:27:36

is this unbelievably loud and deafening cry for justice.

1:27:361:27:41

Subtitles by Red Bee Media

1:28:141:28:18

Oscar-winning filmmaker Alex Gibney exposes abuse of power in the Catholic Church and a cover-up that winds its way from Wisconsin, through Ireland's churches, all the way to the highest office of the Vatican. The film investigates the secret crimes of a charismatic priest who abused over 200 deaf children in a school under his control and documents the first known public protest against clerical sex abuse in the US - a struggle of more than three decades by four deaf young men who set out to expose the priest who had abused them. Their efforts ultimately led to a lawsuit against the former pope, Benedict XVI himself.