Episode 28 University Challenge


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Episode 28

The quarter-final stage continues as teams representing two more universities fight it out to reach the next stage of the competition. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello.

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Two more teams enter the quarterfinal fray tonight,

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chasing the first of the two victories they need in this

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stage of the competition if they're to qualify for the semifinals.

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The losing team will play again but on that occasion they must win

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if they are to stay in contention.

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The team from the University of Edinburgh

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won their first-round match

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with 190 points to Durham University's 155.

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They returned in round two to play the Open University in

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a match that saw both teams on 185 at the gong,

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with a tie-break question going their way to give them victory.

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On an accumulated score of 385 and with an average age of 23,

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let's meet the Edinburgh team again.

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Hello, my name is Luke.

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I am from York originally and I am taking late antique, Islamic

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and Byzantine studies.

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Hi, I'm Ewan, I'm from Aberdeen, and I study classics.

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This is their captain.

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Hi, I'm Joe, I'm from Brighton

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and I study ecological and environmental science.

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Hello, I'm Emily, I'm from Wilmslow, Cheshire,

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and I'm studying chemistry.

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APPLAUSE

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The team from the University of Birmingham have had

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comfortable wins in both their matches so far.

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The first was against Queen's University, Belfast,

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with 165 points to 105. The second

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was at the expense of St Andrews,

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with 195 to 115,

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giving them an accumulated score of 360.

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With an average age of 29, let's meet them again.

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Hello, my name is Elliott, I'm from Derby and I'm studying chemistry.

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Hello, my name's Fraser,

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I'm from Edinburgh and I study history.

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And this is their captain.

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Hello, my name is George Greenlees, I'm from Plymouth

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and I'm studying medicine.

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Hi, I'm Chris Rouse, I'm from Droitwich Spa in Worcestershire,

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and I study history and politics.

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APPLAUSE

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We won't waste any time reciting the rules.

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Fingers on the buzzers, and here's your first starter for ten.

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Which capital city was previously named Bytown,

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after a Royal Engineers officer who supervised the building of

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a strategic canal in the vicinity?

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It shares its present name with a major tributary of the

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St Lawrence River.

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Ottawa.

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Correct.

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You get the first set of bonuses.

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They're on British history, Birmingham.

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As Lord Chancellor, William Jowitt

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introduced the Legal Aid and Advice Bill

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and made an unsuccessful attempt to suspend the death penalty.

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Under which Labour Prime Minister did he hold that post?

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THEY CONFER

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-It's Ramsay MacDonald?

-Ramsay MacDonald.

-Yeah?

-I think so.

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Ramsay MacDonald.

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No, it was Clement Attlee.

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As Lord Chancellor, FE Smith helped to negotiate the treaty that

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led to the creation of the Irish Free State.

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Under which Prime Minister did he serve?

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THEY CONFER

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-MacDonald?

-Lloyd George.

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Lloyd George.

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Correct.

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Which Prime Minister first appointed Henry Brougham as Lord Chancellor?

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In this office, he played a large part in forcing the

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Reform Act through the House of Lords.

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THEY CONFER

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What, the Prime Minister?

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Earl Grey.

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It was Grey. Yeah.

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-Earl Grey.

-Correct.

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Ten points for this.

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In a work published in 1789, which English philosopher proposed

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a felicific or hedonistic calculus as a means of...?

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Jeremy Bentham.

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Correct.

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So you get the second set of bonuses.

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They're on the footballer Johan Cruyff,

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who died in March 2016.

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From 1971 to '73 Cruyff led which club to three

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consecutive European Cups?

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THEY CONFER

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Ajax.

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Correct. Cruyff led the Dutch national side

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from relative obscurity to the final of the 1974 World Cup.

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Which two South American sides did they beat

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in the second group stage of the competition?

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Argentina would probably be one.

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Then Uruguay or Brazil?

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Was it 1970s, Brazil?

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-Was this 1974?

-Yeah.

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Argentina.

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And Uruguay or Brazil, I would've thought.

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Try it. Yeah.

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Argentina and Uruguay.

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No, it's Argentina and Brazil.

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And finally, Cruyff was a leading exponent of what tactical theory

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in which any outfield player can take over the role of

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any other player in a team?

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Total football.

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Correct. Ten points for this.

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What cause of death linked Little Eva in

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Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin,

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Mimi in Puccini's La Boheme,

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Smike in Dickens's Nicolas Nickleby, and...?

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Polio.

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No, you lose five points.

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..And Fantine in Hugo's Les Miserables?

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Tuberculosis.

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Correct.

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Right, your first bonuses,

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Edinburgh, are on defining minerals in the Mohs scale of hardness.

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In each case identify the mineral from the description.

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Firstly, a common sulphate mineral that can be scratched with

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a fingernail, its hemihydrate form is used in mouldings

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and orthopaedic surgery.

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Gypsum.

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Correct.

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Harder than gypsum and softer than fluorite, this mineral is the

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stable form of calcium carbonate at most temperatures and pressures.

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-Limescale?

-Calcium, it's calcium.

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THEY CONFER

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Calcium carbonate's chalk, isn't it?

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I think it's calcium.

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I don't know.

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Chalk.

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No, it's calcite.

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And finally, this mineral scratches glass easily.

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Composed mainly of silica, it's abundant in the Earth's crust

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and has numerous varieties, including amethyst, agate and onyx.

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Quartz.

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Quartz.

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Correct. Ten points for this.

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Using the mineral rutile as a raw material, the Kroll process is

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primarily used in industry for the production of which metal?

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A group 4 transition element with high tensile strength,

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it is used in the manufacture of aircraft and sports...

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Aluminium.

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No, you lose five points. ..And sports equipment.

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Titanium.

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Correct.

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These bonuses could give you the lead.

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They are on countries and their relative sizes.

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In each case the answer is a combination of two of

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the four countries of the UK. For example, England and Wales.

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Firstly, Switzerland is somewhat larger than the total areas

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of which two countries in the UK?

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THEY CONFER

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Switzerland. Switzerland is quite big.

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THEY CONFER

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Wales and England?

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Yeah. I think it's bigger than Northern Ireland.

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Scotland and something.

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I don't know.

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England and Wales.

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No, it's Wales and Northern Ireland.

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Secondly, Guyana is about the size of the combined area of which

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two countries?

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THEY CONFER

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Scotland and Wales.

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No, it's England and Scotland.

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And finally, the combined total area of which two countries is

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closest to that of South Korea?

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THEY CONFER

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We've already had England and Scotland, haven't we?

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Yeah. England and Wales?

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England and Wales.

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No, it's Scotland and Wales.

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LAUGHTER

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Right, we're going to take a picture round now.

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For your picture starter, you're going to see the flag of an

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autonomous community of Spain. You must identify it to get ten points.

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The Basque Country.

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Correct.

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So you retake the lead, and we follow on from the flag of the

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Basque Country with three more flags of autonomous communities of Spain,

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with any helpful wording removed.

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Five points for each autonomous community you can name. Firstly...

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THEY CONFER

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Andalusia, maybe.

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THEY CONFER

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Andalusia's got the snow-covered mountains.

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Andalusia.

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No, it's the Canary Islands.

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It's the seven islands that are the clue, and then these two dogs.

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Secondly...

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THEY CONFER

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Is that Galicia?

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THEY CONFER

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-What's it called? What's southern Spain called? Is it Andalusia?

-Yes.

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Andalusia.

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That's correct, yes.

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The Pillars of Hercules are the clue there.

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It's the entrance to the Mediterranean, of course.

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And finally...

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Castile.

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I think it's Castile.

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Castile.

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No, it's Castile and Leon, rather obviously, from the symbols there.

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Right, ten points for this.

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Born in Leicester in 1971,

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the television roles of which actor include Mr Thornton in

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North And South in 2004,

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and Guy of Gisborne in Robin Hood in 2006?

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His cinema credits include, in 2012, the role of Thorin...

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Richard Armitage.

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Correct.

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Right, these bonuses are on Chinese banknotes. Banknotes of the

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People's Republic of China bear inscriptions in five languages.

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Which of these is written in Arabic script?

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It's a Turkic language spoken in the far west of China.

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THEY CONFER

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Kyrgyz.

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No, it's Uyghur.

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Secondly, which of the five languages is written in

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a vertical script derived from old Uyghur?

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In a republic bordering China, the same language is written in

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a modified Cyrillic script.

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THEY CONFER

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Kazakh.

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No, it's Mongolian.

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Finally, which language is written in a script descended from Brahmi?

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The same script is used to write Dzongkha, the language of Bhutan.

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THEY CONFER

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Bengali?

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Bengali.

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No, it's Tibetan.

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Ten points for this. In international law,

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which city gives its name to

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a defence often known by the German expression

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"Befehl ist Befehl"

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or "orders are orders" after...?

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Is it Nuremberg?

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Nuremberg is correct.

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"Orders are orders."

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Your bonuses now are on methods in statistics, Birmingham.

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In each case name the method from the description.

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Firstly, a method that tests the null hypothesis that

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treatment means are equal to determine if a factor

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has a statistically significant effect on the response variable.

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Is that the chi-square test?

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I think so.

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The chi-square test.

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No, it's the analysis of variance.

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Secondly, a method involving the building and testing of a model

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that can be used to predict the value of a dependant variable

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from the values of one or more independent variables.

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Regression. I think it's regression analysis.

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I think it's regression.

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Regression.

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Correct.

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Thirdly, a method that explores the linear relationship

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between two variables, wherein the coefficient is between

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minus 1 and 1, indicating either a negative or positive relationship.

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THEY CONFER

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Any ideas?

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No.

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-Linear analysis.

-No, it's correlation.

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Ten points for this starter question.

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"Prairie style" is a term associated with which US architect,

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born in 1867?

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His later designs include the Johnson Wax Headquarters

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in Wisconsin, and Fallingwater, a weekend retreat...

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Frank Lloyd Wright.

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Correct.

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These bonuses are on the Canadian-American author Ruth Ozeki.

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Ozeki is particularly associated

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firstly with which Canadian province?

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Her 2013 novel, A Tale For The Time Being, begins there, with the

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discovery of a Japanese diary washed up on shore after the 2011 tsunami.

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THEY CONFER

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British Columbia.

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Correct.

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Environmental activism is a major theme of Ozeki's

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2003 novel, All Over Creation.

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The novel is largely set in which north-western US state,

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noted for potato growing?

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THEY CONFER

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Idaho.

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Correct. In 2010, Ozeki was ordained as a priest in the Soto sect,

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a major school of which broad tradition of Buddhism

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known in Chinese as Chan?

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THEY CONFER

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Zen.

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Zen.

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Zen is correct. That gives you the lead.

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We're about halfway through. We're going to take a music round.

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For your music starter, you'll hear a piece of popular music.

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Ten points if you can identify the singer-songwriter you'll hear.

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# They're closing down... #

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Bruce Springsteen.

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Correct.

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That was his track, My Hometown.

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Your bonuses are three more pieces of popular music that take

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inspiration from life in their writers' own hometowns.

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In each case, I simply want the name of the band or the artist

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that you hear. Firstly, this band.

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# You see, he feels like Ivan born under the Brixton sun

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# His game is called survivin' At the end of the harder they come

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# You know it means no mercy... #

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The Specials.

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No, that's the Clash, Guns Of Brixton.

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Secondly, I want the singer of this track, please.

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# You go to fields on week days

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# And have a picnic on Labor Day

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# You go to town on Saturday... #

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THEY CONFER

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Bon Scott.

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No, it's Tina Turner.

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LAUGHTER

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And finally, this duo.

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GUITAR PLAYS

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THEY CONFER

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Simon And Garfunkel.

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It is indeed The Boxer.

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Ten points for this.

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"It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer or the baker

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"that we can expect our dinner,

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"but their regard for their own interest."

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Which Scottish thinker wrote those words in a work of 17...?

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Hume.

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No, you lose five points. ..1776?

0:15:420:15:44

Adam Smith.

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Adam Smith, in The Wealth Of Nations, of course.

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These bonuses are on a diacritical mark, Edinburgh.

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Its name derived from the Greek for division,

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which diacritical mark indicates that two adjacent vowels should be

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pronounced separately, as, for example, in the word "naive".

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It is similar in form to an umlaut.

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THEY CONFER

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Pass.

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It's a diaeresis.

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And secondly, its name,

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usually spelt with a diaeresis on the second O, which constellation

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is known as the Herdsman and contains the star Arcturus?

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THEY CONFER

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Bootes.

0:16:350:16:36

Bootes is correct.

0:16:360:16:38

First performed in the 1740s, the pastoral heroique operas,

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entitled Zais and Nais are works by which French composer?

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THEY CONFER

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Nominate Smith.

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-Berlioz.

-No, it was Jean-Philippe Rameau.

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Ten points for this.

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Referring to the periodic table,

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which everyday chemical compound is composed of the element at

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Group 1, Period 3,

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and the element at Group 17, Period 3?

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Sodium chloride, table salt.

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Correct.

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Common salt.

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Right, you get a set of bonuses, this time, Edinburgh,

0:17:220:17:25

on the muscular system in humans.

0:17:250:17:28

Firstly, the vastus medialis and the rectus femoris form part of

0:17:280:17:32

a muscle group known by what name from the Latin for "four-headed"?

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Quadriceps.

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Correct.

0:17:380:17:40

The supraspinatus spiritus, infraspinatus and teres minor

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are among muscles located around which joints of the human body?

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THEY CONFER

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Wrist?

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Wrist.

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No, they are in the shoulders.

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And finally, movement of which organ is governed by muscles

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including the superior rectus, lateral rectus and inferior oblique?

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Lungs.

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No, it's the eye. Ten points for this.

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In standard orthography, what accent links the Scottish Gaelic

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name of Edinburgh, the Italian words for "more" and "Monday",

0:18:160:18:20

and the two French ordinal numbers following "first"?

0:18:200:18:24

-Grave.

-Grave's correct.

0:18:270:18:29

APPLAUSE

0:18:290:18:31

Your bonuses, Birmingham,

0:18:320:18:35

are on words derived from the Nahuatl or Aztec language.

0:18:350:18:38

In each case, give the English word from the definition.

0:18:380:18:42

Firstly, the edible fruit of Persea americana,

0:18:420:18:45

its name derives from a Nahuatl word recalling,

0:18:450:18:48

although unrelated to, the Spanish word for "lawyer".

0:18:480:18:52

-Avocado.

-Yeah.

0:18:520:18:54

-Avocado.

-Correct.

0:18:540:18:55

Secondly, a psychoactive drug containing mescaline and

0:18:550:18:59

obtained from a species of cactus?

0:18:590:19:01

-Peyote.

-Correct.

0:19:010:19:03

Finally, Felis pardalis, a spotted cat,

0:19:030:19:06

larger than a margay and smaller than a jaguar?

0:19:060:19:10

Ocelot? Ocelot, yeah?

0:19:110:19:13

-Ocelot.

-Correct. APPLAUSE

0:19:130:19:15

We're going to take a second picture round now.

0:19:150:19:18

For your picture starter, you're going to see a painting.

0:19:180:19:21

For 10 points, I want the name of the artist

0:19:210:19:23

and the mythological figure depicted.

0:19:230:19:25

Caravaggio and Bacchus.

0:19:290:19:31

Correct.

0:19:310:19:32

APPLAUSE

0:19:320:19:34

So, we follow on from Caravaggio's picture of the young Bacchus

0:19:350:19:39

with three paintings of bacchanalia.

0:19:390:19:41

In each case, I want the artist who painted them. Firstly...

0:19:410:19:45

Rubens?

0:19:480:19:49

Looks like a Titian or a Raphael.

0:19:490:19:52

Titian's a good shout.

0:19:550:19:58

You think Titian?

0:19:580:19:59

Titian, I think.

0:19:590:20:01

-Titian?

-It is Titian, yes.

0:20:010:20:04

Secondly...

0:20:040:20:05

-Poussin or someone?

-Could be Poussin.

0:20:070:20:09

-French?

-Yeah.

0:20:110:20:13

-Poussin.

-That is Poussin.

0:20:140:20:16

And, finally...

0:20:160:20:18

-Velazquez?

-Yeah.

0:20:230:20:26

Velazquez.

0:20:260:20:28

Correct, well done. APPLAUSE

0:20:280:20:30

Right, ten points for this.

0:20:320:20:33

The surnames of which two artists spell Latin words meaning

0:20:330:20:38

"he remains" and "he advises"?

0:20:380:20:41

-Manet and Monet.

-Correct.

0:20:430:20:45

APPLAUSE

0:20:450:20:47

Edinburgh, your bonuses are on works with titles that contain

0:20:490:20:52

a member of the family corvidae.

0:20:520:20:55

In each case, give the title from the description.

0:20:550:20:57

Firstly, a novel of 1992 by Iain Banks that begins with the words...

0:20:570:21:01

The Crow Road.

0:21:010:21:02

The Crow Road is correct.

0:21:020:21:04

Secondly, an opera of 1817 by Rossini in which...

0:21:040:21:08

The Thieving Magpie.

0:21:080:21:09

The Thieving Magpie is correct.

0:21:090:21:11

And finally, a poem of 1845 by Edgar Allan Poe...?

0:21:110:21:14

-The Raven.

-The Raven is correct.

0:21:140:21:16

APPLAUSE

0:21:160:21:17

You could have let me finish!

0:21:170:21:19

Ten points for this - what general type of sedimentary rock is

0:21:190:21:23

a distinguishing feature of cliffs on Skokholm Island in Pembrokeshire,

0:21:230:21:28

St Bees Head in Cumbria, and Orcombe Point in east Devon?

0:21:280:21:33

Limestone.

0:21:350:21:36

No, anyone like to buzz from...?

0:21:360:21:38

-Sandstone?

-Sandstone is correct, yes.

0:21:380:21:41

APPLAUSE

0:21:410:21:43

These bonuses are on mountains.

0:21:430:21:44

At more than 3,400m,

0:21:440:21:46

Aneto Peak is the highest point in which European mountain range?

0:21:460:21:52

The Pyrenees?

0:21:520:21:53

-It's...

-It's not the Alps, is it?

0:21:550:21:57

-It's not the Dolomites.

-No, it's not the Dolomites.

0:21:570:22:00

Pyrenees?

0:22:000:22:02

-Something ending in a O.

-Let's have an answer, please.

0:22:020:22:04

-The Pyrenees.

-Correct.

0:22:040:22:05

The Brocken, the scene of the Witches' Sabbath in Goethe's Faust,

0:22:050:22:09

is the highest point in which mountain range in central Germany?

0:22:090:22:13

What's it called?

0:22:160:22:18

-Pass, no, sorry.

-They're the Harz Mountains.

0:22:230:22:25

And, finally, Mount Corno,

0:22:250:22:27

located in Italy's Abruzzo region, is the highest point of which range?

0:22:270:22:32

Is that the Dolomites?

0:22:320:22:35

No, it's the Apennines.

0:22:350:22:38

-Apennines?

-The Apennines is correct.

0:22:380:22:40

APPLAUSE There's about five minutes to go,

0:22:400:22:41

and there's ten points at stake for this.

0:22:410:22:43

Described as a relentlessly effective satire on masculine

0:22:430:22:47

self-regard, a novel of 1943 by Robert Graves concerns the

0:22:470:22:52

story of Marie Powell, the wife of which English poet?

0:22:520:22:56

Marie died in 1652 after giving birth to their fourth child.

0:22:560:23:00

-John Milton.

-Correct.

0:23:020:23:04

APPLAUSE

0:23:040:23:05

These bonuses are on electronics, Edinburgh.

0:23:070:23:10

In the International Electrotechnical Commission

0:23:100:23:13

colour-coding system for fixed resistors,

0:23:130:23:15

what colour represents zero?

0:23:150:23:16

White?

0:23:190:23:20

-Shall we go white?

-Yeah.

0:23:200:23:22

-White.

-No, it's black.

0:23:220:23:24

The colour of the third band represents what specific

0:23:240:23:27

property of a resistor?

0:23:270:23:29

I'm not sure I know what a resistor is.

0:23:320:23:34

LAUGHTER

0:23:340:23:35

-Come on, let's have it, please.

-Maximum current?

0:23:380:23:40

-Maximum current.

-No, it's tolerance.

0:23:400:23:43

Which two colours are used for the multiplier and tolerance bands,

0:23:430:23:46

but not the first two-digit bands?

0:23:460:23:49

-Common colours, blue and red.

-Yeah. Red?

0:23:520:23:55

-Red.

-No, it's gold and silver.

0:23:550:23:58

Ten points for this.

0:23:580:23:59

The son of Mary de Bohun,

0:23:590:24:01

which King of England was married to Catherine de Valois?

0:24:010:24:04

He died of fever...

0:24:040:24:06

Henry V.

0:24:060:24:08

Henry V is right, yes.

0:24:080:24:09

APPLAUSE

0:24:090:24:11

Edinburgh, these bonuses are on the Venetian Republic.

0:24:120:24:16

Under Venetian rule until 1797, the peninsula of Istria is now

0:24:160:24:21

divided between Italy and which two countries?

0:24:210:24:25

-Croatia?

-Slovenia?

-Yeah.

0:24:250:24:27

-Croatia and Slovenia.

-Correct.

0:24:270:24:30

Under Venetian rule from 1392 until 1501, the city known in

0:24:300:24:35

Italian as Durazzo is in which present-day country?

0:24:350:24:39

On the Serbian coast?

0:24:420:24:45

Could be Greece?

0:24:450:24:46

-Greece?

-No, it's in Albania.

0:24:480:24:51

Also known as the Morea, which peninsula of southern Greece

0:24:510:24:54

was under Venetian rule in the early 18th century?

0:24:540:24:57

Imagine it's the Peloponnese.

0:25:010:25:03

Nominate Smith.

0:25:030:25:04

-The Peloponnese?

-Correct.

0:25:040:25:06

APPLAUSE

0:25:060:25:07

Ten points for this, with about three minutes to go.

0:25:070:25:09

In zoological classification,

0:25:090:25:11

the infraclass eutheria is often known by what two-word common name

0:25:110:25:14

after an organ that links the foetus to the mother?

0:25:140:25:17

-They're placental mammals.

-Correct.

0:25:190:25:21

APPLAUSE

0:25:210:25:24

Your bonuses are on animals whose names consist of

0:25:240:25:27

a repeated series of letters, such as the dodo or the dik-dik.

0:25:270:25:31

Identify the animal in each case.

0:25:310:25:33

Firstly, a nocturnal Madagascan lemur...

0:25:330:25:36

-Aye-aye.

-Correct.

0:25:360:25:37

Secondly, a South American freshwater turtle

0:25:370:25:40

of the genus Chelidae,

0:25:400:25:42

characterised by its long, distinctively ridged head and neck?

0:25:420:25:46

Think of something funny.

0:25:480:25:50

-Oodle-oodle?

-LAUGHTER

0:25:510:25:53

No, it's a mata mata.

0:25:530:25:55

And finally, a long-legged bird of the falcon family,

0:25:550:25:58

also native to South America,

0:25:580:26:00

which has species known as the crested and red-throated?

0:26:000:26:03

I don't know.

0:26:050:26:07

I think I know it.

0:26:080:26:09

Got long legs.

0:26:110:26:13

Come on, let's have it, please.

0:26:130:26:15

Oh...

0:26:160:26:17

The...lit-lit.

0:26:200:26:21

No, it's the caracara.

0:26:210:26:23

Ten points for this -

0:26:230:26:25

simulacra and hyperreality are concepts

0:26:250:26:28

associated with which cultural theorist, born in 1929?

0:26:280:26:32

His works include Forget Foucault and The Gulf War Did Not...?

0:26:320:26:36

-Baudrillard.

-Baudrillard is correct.

0:26:360:26:38

APPLAUSE

0:26:380:26:40

You get a set of bonuses, Edinburgh, on pastry.

0:26:420:26:45

Consisting of layers of filo pastry and chopped nuts,

0:26:450:26:48

which Middle Eastern dessert is covered in honey...

0:26:480:26:50

-Baklava.

-Baklava is correct.

0:26:500:26:52

From a thin sheet of dough rolled around a filling,

0:26:520:26:55

the name of which pastry is the German for "whirlpool"?

0:26:550:26:59

-Strudel.

-Correct.

0:26:590:27:00

Also called a Napoleon,

0:27:000:27:02

which pastry dessert takes its name from the French for 1,000 leaves?

0:27:020:27:07

Mille...feuille.

0:27:070:27:08

Mille-feuille?

0:27:080:27:10

Mille-feuille is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:27:100:27:12

Ten points for this -

0:27:120:27:13

which stage work of 1913 has a protagonist whose surname rhymes

0:27:130:27:16

with that of the 2012 winner of the Tour de France?

0:27:160:27:19

-Pygmalion.

-Correct, yes.

0:27:220:27:24

APPLAUSE Henry Higgins and Bradley Wiggins.

0:27:240:27:27

These bonuses, Edinburgh, are on history.

0:27:270:27:29

Which British monarch issued the Declaration of Breda,

0:27:290:27:32

described as Hyde's masterpiece?

0:27:320:27:35

It promised a general amnesty and liberty of conscience.

0:27:350:27:38

Come on.

0:27:410:27:42

George II? Charles II.

0:27:420:27:44

-George II.

-No, it was Charles II.

0:27:440:27:46

In which decade did the French social reformer Olympe de Gouges

0:27:460:27:50

publish the manifesto known as

0:27:500:27:51

the Declaration of the Rights of Women and the Female Citizen?

0:27:510:27:55

-I don't know.

-Come on.

0:27:570:27:58

-1790s.

-1790s.

0:27:580:28:00

-I don't know.

-What? Who?

0:28:010:28:02

Let's have it, please.

0:28:020:28:04

-1790s.

-Correct, 1791. GONG

0:28:040:28:06

And at the gong, Birmingham University have 135,

0:28:060:28:09

but Edinburgh have 220.

0:28:090:28:11

APPLAUSE

0:28:110:28:13

Well, Birmingham, you took an early lead, didn't you,

0:28:140:28:17

but the questions didn't fall right for you.

0:28:170:28:19

You're going to have to come back again and win next time to

0:28:190:28:22

stay in the competition.

0:28:220:28:24

Edinburgh, you only have to win one more match and go through to

0:28:240:28:28

the semifinals, congratulations to you.

0:28:280:28:30

I hope you can join us next time for another quarterfinal match.

0:28:300:28:33

-Until then, it is goodbye from Birmingham University...

-Goodbye.

0:28:330:28:36

-It's goodbye from Edinburgh University.

-Goodbye.

0:28:360:28:38

And it's goodbye from me, goodbye.

0:28:380:28:40

APPLAUSE

0:28:400:28:42

The quarter-final stage continues as teams representing two more universities fight it out to reach the next stage of the competition.

Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.