01/02/2017 100 Days


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01/02/2017

As President Trump takes office, BBC News teams in Washington and London report on the events that are shaping our world.


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Hello and welcome to 100 Days, I'm Katty Kay in Washington.

:00:08.:00:10.

Christian Fraser's in London where Parliament is about to

:00:11.:00:12.

vote to start Britain's departure from the EU.

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The bill is just 133 words long, Katty, but of huge importance.

:00:15.:00:18.

It will formally hand power to the Prime Minister

:00:19.:00:22.

an just in all the vote. -- for the vote.

:00:23.:00:38.

We'll explain why they're so important.

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When it comes to Brexit the UK has a big supporter in Donald Trump.

:00:43.:00:45.

But not all the politicians are content to roll

:00:46.:00:47.

Just what more does the president, Trump, have to do before

:00:48.:00:52.

Here in Washington the president's battle with Democrats begins over

:00:53.:01:00.

His battle with Democrats against right now over the appointment of

:01:01.:01:15.

George Gorsuch. That would be an absolute shame if a man of this

:01:16.:01:19.

quality was caught up in the web. Congress gets a warning -

:01:20.:01:22.

the international order is under We speak to a former

:01:23.:01:25.

US Defense Secretary It didn't seem real to me,

:01:26.:01:28.

it didn't seem real. And the moment a US veteran gave

:01:29.:01:34.

away his Purple Heart award Today we are keeping an eye

:01:35.:01:37.

on the Supreme Court in Washington Here, Mr Trump's made his pick

:01:38.:01:54.

for for a new Supreme Court justice. Here, Mr Trump's made his pick

:01:55.:02:01.

for a new Supreme Court justice. You'll get to know him

:02:02.:02:04.

because he could be We'll look at how he could change

:02:05.:02:09.

American life in a moment. We are turning our attention to the

:02:10.:02:21.

House of Commons, the lower house in Parliament. It's a historic vote

:02:22.:02:30.

because it's the first one a Brexit bill. We expect this moment, this

:02:31.:02:37.

amendment to be defeated, it was put forward by the SNP. The formal

:02:38.:02:46.

powers to begin the negotiation, it's the second vote that we are

:02:47.:02:54.

going to be looking at after this. It's difficult to amend and unpick

:02:55.:02:58.

and they want to send it on as quickly as they can. The process

:02:59.:03:05.

might be long, but the bill could be short.

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Let's look at that other vote coming up here in the US.

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We've talked about partisan fights in the Senate over

:03:11.:03:13.

Donald Trump's cabinet picks - but they could be child's play

:03:14.:03:15.

compared to the battle looming over his Supreme Court pick.

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Yes, as Katty mentioned he is Neil Gorsuch from Denver.

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The youngest Supreme Court nominee in 25 years.

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And the President this morning warned Democrats against opposing

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I think there's a certain dishonesty if they go against the vote from not

:03:31.:03:40.

very long ago, and he did get a unanimous endorsement, and he can't

:03:41.:03:49.

be bettered from an educational, from a constituent shall point of

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view. I think it would be dishonest to go back on that, and if we end up

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in the same gridlock, it could last longer than eight years. If you can,

:04:04.:04:11.

then each, though nuclear, because that would be an absolute shame if a

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man of this quality was caught up in the web, so I would say it's up to

:04:19.:04:21.

Mitch but I would say go for it. Mitch go nuclear,"

:04:22.:04:27.

President Trump is referring there to Mitch Mcconnell,

:04:28.:04:29.

Republican Senate Majority leader, and by "go nuclear" we assume

:04:30.:04:31.

he is advising Mcconnell to force a simple majority confirmation

:04:32.:04:34.

vote if necessary. So a tough fight over

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the confirmation looms, but what about the merits of the man

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himself and how much impact could this new Justice

:04:41.:04:43.

have on American life? Nine analytic people but they

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arguably have more power than anyone in America. The Supreme Court can

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fundamentally altered the country's political life for generations. Lie

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today, I'm keeping another promise the American people by nominating

:05:12.:05:19.

Judge Neil Gorsuch of the United States to the United States' supreme

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court. This is what drove many voters to trump, the court had a

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slim Conservative majority of 5-4, now if this appointment is confirmed

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it will tilt right for potentially decades to come. Gorsuch is an

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interesting choice, he is regulated -- recognised for his abilities. He

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is recognise somebody who thinks deeply about questions thinks in a

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very profound way. In 1857 in Scott versus Sanford, the court denied

:06:12.:06:19.

citizenship to African-American slaves. The compromise are kept

:06:20.:06:28.

peace between the north and south but paved the way for the civil war.

:06:29.:06:34.

The court found that separating black-and-white students in public

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schools was unconstitutional, this led to the civil rights movement.

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And perhaps one of the most controversial decisions, road versus

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Wade found that women have a constitutional right to an abortion.

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Every year since that ruling, a march for life has been hailed by

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anti-abortion activists. Even with this pro-life justice, the trump

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court is very unlikely to make abortion illegal. Many Americans say

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they don't want Roe v Wade overturned, but voting rights and

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environmental protection could be changed in a more conservative

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direction. We'll Gorsuch be confirmed? Also -- almost certainly,

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it's difficult to stop a nomination, although Democrats say they will

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fight it. I have very serious doubts that Gorsuch is up to the job. The

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supreme court now rests in delicate balance. The stand-off will set the

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scene for a highly partisan battle. To the current judges are in their

:07:59.:08:02.

80s and could choose to retire during Donald Trump's presidency,

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giving him the chance to tilt the court TV right.

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Does he go home and high by his wife or go home worrying he'll be

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demonised by half the country? That always happens under these

:08:31.:08:34.

nominations. There probably isn't a top lawyer in the country who hasn't

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imagined himself in no Supreme Court Justice robes. They make sure

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they've gone through all of the hoops to get themselves on the

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bench. It's what every lawyer dreams of doing that I expect he wasn't

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totally surprised when he got that call from the president.

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Neil Gorsuch isn't yet well known here - but former

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He was on Capitol Hill today - warning President Trump not

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Here's where it gets intriguing - Petraeus was interviewed by Trump

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Mr Trump tweeted out that he was "very impressed" by him.

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But I'm not sure the President will love what he heard just now.

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There are Americans shouldn't take the international order for granted.

:09:35.:09:39.

It didn't will itself into existence. We created it. It's not

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sustaining, we've sustained it. When we stop doing so it will fray and

:09:46.:09:48.

eventually collapse. With me now is the former US

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Secretary of Defense, Chuck Hagel. Do you agree with that veiled

:09:52.:10:02.

warning where we are in history where America had pulled back from

:10:03.:10:09.

alliances and a system that has kept us from peace could unravel. I do.

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And I think it's a serious reality that that exists. Especially when

:10:16.:10:22.

we've seen what the new president, at least the direction the new

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president has decided to go by his actions and words. The post World

:10:28.:10:32.

War II era was built around coalitions of common interest, which

:10:33.:10:40.

validated the clear, common interest of nations through alliances. These

:10:41.:10:44.

are not new, but the wait was done after World War II was new, and that

:10:45.:10:49.

has really sustained a world order that has benefited most of the

:10:50.:10:55.

world, not all of the world, but also, world orders change and shift

:10:56.:10:58.

and they must be relevant to the new challenges. You don't dismantle your

:10:59.:11:03.

institution or Alliance in order to be more relevant. You adjust, adapt,

:11:04.:11:11.

deal with it. That's what we need to do, not unwind and undo the

:11:12.:11:16.

alliances. Trade was very much an anchor to those

:11:17.:11:25.

alliances. We have heard about Iraq, General Flynn coming up with a very

:11:26.:11:30.

tough comment on Iran. We have heard about Iran,

:11:31.:11:37.

General Flynn coming up with a very What is going to be different about

:11:38.:11:51.

this relationship with Iran. I can't speak for the trump administration,

:11:52.:11:58.

but other than General Flynn, you have a senior White House staff who

:11:59.:12:07.

has never really had any responsibility for national

:12:08.:12:10.

security, or foreign policy, who's never really been involved in any

:12:11.:12:18.

way, so that's a concern. Now, there are others who do understand it and

:12:19.:12:25.

have had a lifetime of it. But the Iran piece is serious because of all

:12:26.:12:32.

the things that we know, and it's a matter of handling the challenges.

:12:33.:12:39.

I'm sure you hear concerns about where America is going from

:12:40.:12:42.

diplomats you speak to. I think a lot of America's as allies, John

:12:43.:12:54.

Kelly, Rex Tillotson, are they hoping this will be a steady hand on

:12:55.:12:58.

the administration. Where do you think the balance of power lies in

:12:59.:13:06.

this White House? The reality is in every White House, the power resides

:13:07.:13:12.

in the White House. Make no mistake. It's not new. No secretary of

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defence makes policy. You are an agent, an instrument of the

:13:23.:13:27.

President's policy, and the national security adviser is in a very

:13:28.:13:31.

powerful position because that is the Fountain of most national

:13:32.:13:37.

security and foreign policy issues come through. I don't know about the

:13:38.:13:44.

balance of power. We have to see how it plays out, and it'll whiz depends

:13:45.:13:51.

on how much balance does that president

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want? I have scribbled down what you said is at the beginning. You don't

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dismantle an alliance to appear more relevant. Some people would say we

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are doing that in the European Union. We can see the first result

:14:16.:14:19.

of three boats has gone the way of the Government. 336 against 144.

:14:20.:14:28.

That was the Scottish Nationalists been defeated as we expected. I want

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to know what you think about this process. I'm guessing you would bow

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to leave the European Union? -- would not have voted. I made sure I

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never told another country what their best interests are. However

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you've given me license to give my opinion, in my opinion, the British

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have to sort this out. I don't think overall in any way you come at it

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that it's good for the British people, for their stature, for their

:15:09.:15:11.

Government, for all the things that are vital to the prosperity of the

:15:12.:15:20.

UK. Obviously, there was a different outcome in the vote last year, but I

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think the longer this plays out, and the more reality sets in as to what

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the consequences of that vote were, I think it's clear that this could

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be rather devastating to the UK and its people. Whether its trade,

:15:39.:15:43.

financial institutions. Every aspect of their future is wrapped into the

:15:44.:15:52.

reality that we all live, 7 billion, seem to be 9 billion, inadvisable

:15:53.:15:57.

reality underpinned by a global economy. That's not going to change,

:15:58.:16:02.

in fact it's going to get even more global. But we feel emboldened, the

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Government feel emboldened because of Donald Trump's favouring towards

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Brexit. What might it mean for European security? I think it would

:16:21.:16:28.

be complete nonsense and I hope that that doesn't become a predominant

:16:29.:16:33.

piece of thinking regarding the UK's national security. The US can only

:16:34.:16:39.

do so much. Great powers have limitations, and the strength of

:16:40.:16:45.

Nato for example, and the EU, with all its fragility is and flaws, is

:16:46.:16:50.

clearly in the interest of each member state, and they are clearly

:16:51.:16:56.

stronger together, as they engage and negotiate the big challenges

:16:57.:17:06.

that are ahead. I don't buy that at all. Individual trait relationships

:17:07.:17:14.

and negotiating individual trade deals, the logistics of what that

:17:15.:17:19.

would mean for the United States, are you kidding me? We are going to

:17:20.:17:29.

negotiate separate trade deals with each nation in Asia-Pacific and in

:17:30.:17:37.

Europe? It's impossible to do. That world passed us by after World War

:17:38.:17:42.

II. That's not the world we live in today. I think you've made your

:17:43.:17:52.

opinions fairly clear to us! Interesting to hear those thoughts.

:17:53.:17:56.

Let's go back to the House of Commons. Our international viewers

:17:57.:18:00.

will be watching to see what's going on. They are going through the

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lobbies at the back of the chair at the end of the hall. They get six or

:18:05.:18:08.

seven minutes to go through and they had to physically walk three. It's a

:18:09.:18:15.

very public vote. When you get into the room, unite with your mates from

:18:16.:18:18.

the neighbouring constituency is whether against you. Then the whips

:18:19.:18:23.

will count the votes and present them in a short while to the

:18:24.:18:26.

speaker. They are on the second vote, the critical one which will

:18:27.:18:31.

send the bill through the Parliamentary process.

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Ben, it's extraordinary that although many MPs voted to remain,

:18:43.:18:50.

they are following the wishes of their stitcher and then going

:18:51.:18:53.

against their own feelings on this. That's right. Although those who

:18:54.:19:05.

have been voting to go against the bill had constituencies that voted

:19:06.:19:08.

to remain. Let's remind viewers what this is all about. Parliament are

:19:09.:19:15.

getting this say because the Supreme Court, the highest court in the

:19:16.:19:20.

land, last month, rolled in its judgment that Parliament had to be

:19:21.:19:26.

the one to trigger Article 50 to begin the formal process of Britain

:19:27.:19:32.

leaving the EU. They thought they could do this themselves, but the

:19:33.:19:35.

Supreme Court says they have to do so. A couple of days of debate, lots

:19:36.:19:44.

of speeches from MPs voted in favour and against will stop

:19:45.:19:53.

Parliament is essentially tonight endorsing that referendum result.

:19:54.:20:05.

It's expected the Government will get this bill through tonight which

:20:06.:20:09.

means it will then go to the House Lords. That's only the really the

:20:10.:20:14.

start of the Brexit process. Theresa May wants to trigger that by the end

:20:15.:20:20.

of March. Then there's two years of negotiation. It's going to be a long

:20:21.:20:27.

road. They are retaking their seats. We will go straight back to that

:20:28.:20:32.

when we get a result. There will be high drama

:20:33.:20:42.

with Brexit ministers weeping with joy and remain one slumped in their

:20:43.:20:47.

chair. President Obama called

:20:48.:20:49.

the German Chancellor Angela Merkel Donald Trump hasn't been

:20:50.:20:51.

nearly as complimentary. In fact on Tuesday,

:20:52.:21:05.

his trade adviser in his words - an "undervalued euro"

:21:06.:21:07.

to exploit both its EU But Berlin and Washington have long

:21:08.:21:11.

enjoyed strong ties. Before the Burlington wall brought

:21:12.:22:14.

new hope of that very closeness -- Fifa Biba

:22:15.:22:33.

I've been speaking to Jens Spahn - the Deputy Finance Minister -

:22:34.:22:41.

a rising star in Angela Merkel's ruling CDU Party.

:22:42.:22:46.

I asked him if he agreed with European Council President

:22:47.:22:49.

Donald Tusk that the European project is now in real danger.

:22:50.:22:51.

the United States has a specific change of order. After World War II,

:22:52.:23:03.

the United States were like parents, some kind of, for Europe and the

:23:04.:23:08.

European, but that might change. I think it shows we have to grow up.

:23:09.:23:14.

We have to defend ourselves. Get more independent. Talk about a

:23:15.:23:22.

defence union regarding foreign security policy. It might be a

:23:23.:23:34.

chance to unite Europe. Donald Trump talks about fairness. He doesn't

:23:35.:23:39.

like one-sided relationships, and Germany has a huge surplus with the

:23:40.:23:45.

United States. Are you worried he's going to come after you? We have to

:23:46.:23:55.

talk about it. Be very frank. When it comes to our surplus, we need to

:23:56.:24:00.

be frank. I want to be clear to our American partners, it is different

:24:01.:24:09.

if you have a deficit with China, state interventions in the market,

:24:10.:24:20.

low wages, but with the European Union, very high wages, very

:24:21.:24:24.

high-tech, and in Europe it's the market that decides, the consumer

:24:25.:24:33.

decides. The head of the trade counsel in the US accused Germany of

:24:34.:24:41.

currency manipulation. He believes that Germany is profiting from a

:24:42.:24:49.

grossly undervalued euro. We fought for an independent central bank and

:24:50.:24:54.

we are still fighting for it. We would have have faced lightly

:24:55.:25:03.

different approach for interest rate. -- slightly. Trade is an

:25:04.:25:14.

integral part of these alliances we have been talking about, but

:25:15.:25:19.

clearly, there's lot of concern amongst America's allies about the

:25:20.:25:25.

role that currency plays. Who would have thought the United States with

:25:26.:25:31.

take on Germany in a currency- War type language and it certainly

:25:32.:25:43.

unsettling. Donald Trump was talking about trade tariffs that would

:25:44.:25:48.

really affect eight BMW factory in Mexico. They will have to do a lot

:25:49.:25:55.

of work in the days and weeks ahead. You are watching 100 Days on BBC

:25:56.:26:07.

News. Let's take a quick look at the House of Commons because we are

:26:08.:26:11.

expecting the result of that vote. Let's talk to Ben, and a thing were

:26:12.:26:17.

about to get a result? I think it's a fair bet to say that the

:26:18.:26:22.

Government will win this pretty comfortably and that's MPs will vote

:26:23.:26:27.

to push through this bill, which will ultimately trigger article 50.

:26:28.:26:32.

This is just the first stage in Parliament. It has to go to the

:26:33.:26:40.

committee stage next week, the upper chamber and then Theresa May wants

:26:41.:26:44.

to trigger are to call 50, officially and informally. There are

:26:45.:26:50.

three votes tonight. You are watching the inside of the house of

:26:51.:27:01.

the Commons. The SNP had their bill defeated overwhelmingly by 236

:27:02.:27:08.

votes. So that gives you an idea that the Government is pretty

:27:09.:27:12.

comfortable here in the House of Commons. Some Labour MPs are voting

:27:13.:27:25.

against triggering article 50. Some Liberal Democrats and the Scottish

:27:26.:27:30.

Nationalists are voting against them. We reckon there will be a

:27:31.:27:36.

couple of dozen Labour rebels who will vote against this bill, against

:27:37.:27:43.

the 3- line whip of their party leader, Jeremy Corbin. Lots of

:27:44.:27:50.

ceremony involved in this. These go back hundreds of years.

:27:51.:28:18.

We will get that result in a minute or two. The Government has a big

:28:19.:28:26.

majority in the House of Commons but not in the House of Lords. I think

:28:27.:28:31.

the House of Lords have to be careful. They know that because they

:28:32.:28:38.

are an unelected second chamber, and if they try to thwart the elected

:28:39.:28:44.

chamber it could mean the end of the House of Lords altogether. They may

:28:45.:28:46.

not like it, a lot of the Lords. But I think Theresa May

:28:47.:29:03.

is pretty confident. It looks calm and civilised, and am wondering how

:29:04.:29:07.

much tension and emotion there is below the surface, given how

:29:08.:29:14.

divisive this vote was back in June. Or is that all being reconciled and

:29:15.:29:20.

damp and down? No, there's been a lot of passion on both sides of the

:29:21.:29:26.

debate. Dozens and dozens of MPs have been able to speak. There's

:29:27.:29:32.

been some wonderful speeches. A great example of the British

:29:33.:29:38.

Parliament at its best. Kenneth Clarke, great pro-European, he will

:29:39.:29:46.

vote against this motion tonight. Against triggering article 50. He

:29:47.:29:53.

says that leaving the European Union to make trade deals with other

:29:54.:29:59.

countries around the world was like Alice in Wonderland. He gave his 20

:30:00.:30:05.

minute speech without notes and was applauded at the end. He was very

:30:06.:30:09.

passionate. The divisions of the referendum, the remain camped and

:30:10.:30:14.

leave camp are still as extraordinary as they ever were. So,

:30:15.:30:22.

what happens now, Ben, to all that emotion and elliptical feeling and

:30:23.:30:27.

genuine sentiment on both sides of this, whether you are a remain

:30:28.:30:31.

person who thinks Britain is on the wrong track and a leaf person who

:30:32.:30:37.

wanted this to happen. After this has been 3-D vote and the country

:30:38.:30:44.

gets on with the technicalities of the -- the vote and the country gets

:30:45.:30:48.

on the technicalities, will there still be problems in the country?

:30:49.:30:52.

The issue is that although people had their say in the referendum,

:30:53.:30:55.

some of those who want to stay in the EU are saying, well, we are

:30:56.:31:02.

leaving but on what terms? And is it right that just we let -- because we

:31:03.:31:08.

leave that we leave the single market in the customs union? This

:31:09.:31:13.

debate is focusing on the terms. A lot of those MPs who don't want us

:31:14.:31:18.

to leave are determined to have a say on that and try and influence

:31:19.:31:22.

that. This is why MPs at the end of the hall to year negotiation then

:31:23.:31:33.

they will get a say in the final deal. Theresa May has promised that.

:31:34.:31:39.

They will get a say on the deal she negotiates. And she says if they

:31:40.:31:42.

don't like that Are we are just waiting for the

:31:43.:31:51.

fourth teller, and he they are. That's just listen in. Order! Order!

:31:52.:32:05.

The eyes to the right, 498. The noes to the left, 114.

:32:06.:32:09.

CHEERING The ayes do the right, 498. The noes

:32:10.:32:22.

to the left, 114. So, the eyes have it. The ayes have it. I unlock!

:32:23.:32:30.

Programme motion to be moved formerly... The question is as on

:32:31.:32:37.

the order paper. As many as are of the opinion, say "aye". To the

:32:38.:32:46.

contrary, "no". Division! Clear the lobby. That is the division Bell

:32:47.:32:50.

because they will go out for a third vote and that will be on the

:32:51.:32:55.

timetable for the bill, how quickly it goes through the parliamentary

:32:56.:32:58.

process and remember that Theresa May has pledged to get it before the

:32:59.:33:03.

European Union, Article 50, by the end of March, so that was an

:33:04.:33:07.

overwhelming majority of the progression of the bill, 384

:33:08.:33:12.

majority for the government, so all MPs voting to support the result of

:33:13.:33:16.

the referendum as they file out for that third vote. Let's bring in 50,

:33:17.:33:22.

who is in Westminster. I don't know if it is too soon for you to get

:33:23.:33:28.

some numbers on that but do we know how many MPs rebelled? We don't have

:33:29.:33:33.

a guess. I think that obviously the big picture here is that the House

:33:34.:33:38.

of Commons overwhelmingly voted for the bill to progress and acid is

:33:39.:33:42.

more likely for Theresa May to get her way to reserve the Article 50

:33:43.:33:47.

can negotiations as she wants to buy the end of March. There are many

:33:48.:33:51.

people who voted remain in the United Kingdom, feeling that maybe

:33:52.:33:54.

parliament would block it and that has not been the case, but as I say

:33:55.:33:59.

has been a rebellion on the Labour side, on the Tories I particularly

:34:00.:34:06.

just one MP, and he will have voted against Article 50. On the Labour

:34:07.:34:11.

side that's maybe a 45 Labour rebels, deciding not to do what

:34:12.:34:15.

their leader told them. They couldn't go along with it, they were

:34:16.:34:18.

told they had to respect the referendum result and many got up

:34:19.:34:21.

today including some who served in the lead a team having to resign

:34:22.:34:27.

because of that. There are lots of number of abstentions, meaning the

:34:28.:34:31.

MP sits on their hands. They will not vote. As has been going on as

:34:32.:34:35.

well and there has been a lot of Labour at pensions as well, so good

:34:36.:34:39.

news for the Labour leader on all of this, the Labour Party has had a

:34:40.:34:43.

real problem with this, many of them, mostly be MPs are pro-European

:34:44.:34:47.

and a lot of them have constituents who voted the other way in the

:34:48.:34:51.

referendum, and are being told they must respect the referendum. There

:34:52.:34:54.

has been a huge democratic process in this country, they must get on

:34:55.:34:56.

and respect that otherwise there will be a problem with the

:34:57.:35:00.

democratic system, that is how fundamental some of them saw it. But

:35:01.:35:04.

the big picture, overwhelmingly the government has managed to get this

:35:05.:35:08.

through incredibly easy will stop Theresa May has got her way

:35:09.:35:11.

certainly on this one. A quick reminder of those numbers. 114 no,

:35:12.:35:20.

498 yes. In the context of the Brexit vote of course much much

:35:21.:35:23.

closer in the country than what we have just seen happen in Parliament.

:35:24.:35:27.

That has been the discussion amongst MPs to hear, what is the role of the

:35:28.:35:33.

MP? This place voted overwhelmingly to give the referendum to the

:35:34.:35:37.

people, to give them the say on all of this and this was made clear that

:35:38.:35:43.

this would be a advisory referendum, and if we vote that way we will be

:35:44.:35:47.

leaving. Many people do not feel they could block that process at

:35:48.:35:51.

this stage and the line from Labour MPs have spoken tonight, they have

:35:52.:35:56.

gone through and I'm voted in that way and a lot of them with a heavy

:35:57.:36:00.

heart, but hope they will get another chance. They say this is

:36:01.:36:05.

just about the process, just the Bill which gets negotiations

:36:06.:36:08.

started, but which could go on for at least two years if not longer.

:36:09.:36:12.

What lots here are pushing for is another vote in parliament when

:36:13.:36:15.

Theresa May dry minister comes back with the final deal. They want to be

:36:16.:36:20.

able to say to her yes, we accept it or no, go back, try harder. That is

:36:21.:36:26.

what they will be pushing for in the next few days, it is not finished in

:36:27.:36:30.

this place, it will carry on through other places, and they will try

:36:31.:36:37.

still for those changes. Lots here resting with what are they here to

:36:38.:36:41.

do, to use that that doesn't all what their resentments told them to

:36:42.:36:47.

do. Many MPs thought that Brexit could not be anything but bad. I was

:36:48.:36:53.

saying that it was a historic night, earlier, historic in two ways. A

:36:54.:36:58.

first real step on the way to the exit door, and secondly it's an

:36:59.:37:03.

important night for Parliament itself, isn't it pretty much it

:37:04.:37:05.

restores in a way parliamentary supremacy. Yes, that has been the

:37:06.:37:11.

argument from the people who voted for Brexit, all along, they said

:37:12.:37:15.

this was about this place making final decisions and of course over

:37:16.:37:19.

the last 43 years Barwell, Britain has been in the EU, many decisions

:37:20.:37:23.

have not been made in this place, and what those who are in favour of

:37:24.:37:27.

leaving say it is giving MPs much more say over so many areas of life,

:37:28.:37:32.

but of course before we get to that stage there is the small process of

:37:33.:37:37.

actually extricating ourselves from the European Union, and we have been

:37:38.:37:40.

hearing expert advice today from the former chief ambassador to Brussels,

:37:41.:37:48.

Sir Ivan Rogers who has now resigned, saying had difficulty

:37:49.:37:52.

process will be, he says it would end up in a verbal fistfight,

:37:53.:37:57.

possibly dumb and big rows he says about money, and the other EU

:37:58.:38:02.

countries Eisai will be preparing a Brexit veil of 16 billion euros.

:38:03.:38:09.

That is still to come. This is the first important significant step to

:38:10.:38:11.

leaving but really lots of MPs he know that there will be much

:38:12.:38:18.

trickier roads ahead. Vicki, what is the chance, then, that second vote

:38:19.:38:23.

for the members of Parliament to, who have voted Ray Main -- remain,

:38:24.:38:30.

but were voted with the government, do you think they will get the

:38:31.:38:35.

chance to vote on a new deal, when they know what it is in a few days'

:38:36.:38:39.

time? The government has said there will be a vote in parliament at the

:38:40.:38:44.

end but the row comes over when it will be. The European Parliament may

:38:45.:38:49.

well get a say on the final deal, we know that, they will get that,

:38:50.:38:55.

according to them that would come maybe six months before that

:38:56.:38:59.

two-year cut off. MPs here are worried about not getting a vote

:39:00.:39:04.

until the very end of the process when it is too late to do any more

:39:05.:39:08.

and Theresa May has said that if we don't get a good deal we'll walk

:39:09.:39:12.

away with no Deal and that is what many remain MPs do not want to see

:39:13.:39:16.

happening. Vicky, thank you very much. I can see Kenneth Clarke

:39:17.:39:20.

there, the one Conservative rebel, in the middle of the house, there,

:39:21.:39:23.

talking to those perhaps on the opposite benches who supported his

:39:24.:39:28.

point of view. But there we go, the government winning quite easily this

:39:29.:39:32.

evening. As we have been reporting all week, President Trump's

:39:33.:39:38.

immigration ban caused confusion at airports last week in. Caught up in

:39:39.:39:47.

all that chaos at JFK, a man whose wife was flying in from Iraq. At one

:39:48.:39:51.

point, a stranger appeared from the crowd and gave it to the man. Let's

:39:52.:39:53.

find out why. To be honest with you I didn't

:39:54.:39:57.

believe it was a purple I did two combat deployments,

:39:58.:40:00.

I was injured multiple times including a brain

:40:01.:40:09.

injury, shrapnel wounds. I worked with Americans

:40:10.:40:11.

in the embassy in Baghdad. I came to the United States in 2008

:40:12.:40:14.

on a special, immigrant Visa. I was actually on my way back

:40:15.:40:22.

and I started working on the floor and I saw

:40:23.:40:24.

the coverage of JFK. A scene of outrage at JFK airport

:40:25.:40:30.

in New York where two men Dallas typically has a lot

:40:31.:40:33.

of international flights. I quickly did a search to see

:40:34.:40:39.

if there was something happening. I admit I was in denial,

:40:40.:40:49.

I didn't understand the situation from the beginning,

:40:50.:40:52.

because I was thinking This is what America is all about,

:40:53.:40:56.

this is what America is all about. I was asked, do you protest,

:40:57.:41:23.

I honestly didn't think My thought was not give him

:41:24.:41:25.

the purple heart it was, what do I have that represents,

:41:26.:41:29.

that is important to me? He was in the airport with bad

:41:30.:41:32.

experiences but I wanted him to leave with the true

:41:33.:41:35.

American sentiment. It is probably the most precious

:41:36.:41:37.

gift I ever received in my life. It is going to be on display

:41:38.:41:41.

somewhere in this house, but also it is going to be a story,

:41:42.:41:43.

a story that I keep telling. The purple heart to me,

:41:44.:41:52.

it represents something that will always be a part of me,

:41:53.:41:55.

I don't need the medal I have the scars on my body to represent

:41:56.:41:58.

the experiences eyeing campuses. It was literally just me trying

:41:59.:42:07.

to give him something It did make me happy

:42:08.:42:10.

and my family happy. It forever changed

:42:11.:42:13.

our lives in a way. I defy you, Christine, not to be

:42:14.:42:28.

moved by that story. Before we go I want to show you something coming

:42:29.:42:31.

out of the White House last night, he which are of a prayer circle led

:42:32.:42:36.

by the president, and you can see Mike Pence, Donald Trump, and the

:42:37.:42:40.

new Supreme Court nominee, Neil Gorsuch, there, holding hands with

:42:41.:42:46.

his wife. President Trump tweeted at a moment of prayer last night after

:42:47.:42:51.

my nomination of Judge Neil Gorsuch, a honour having them join us. A rare

:42:52.:42:55.

insight into the workings of the White House. We will be back in the

:42:56.:42:59.

same time tomorrow, goodbye. Hello.

:43:00.:43:02.

This is BBC News. Mps have voted in favour of giving

:43:03.:43:07.

Theresa May the power to begin

:43:08.:43:11.