06/02/2017 100 Days


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06/02/2017

As President Trump takes office, Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping the world.


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The White House goes to court to try to enforce its immigration ban.

:00:00.:00:08.

Donald Trump attacks what he calls the "so-called judge"

:00:09.:00:11.

This stage is now set for a constitutional clash between

:00:12.:00:17.

The President is addressing servicemen and women

:00:18.:00:23.

in Florida now - we'll have the latest.

:00:24.:00:27.

"You think our country's so innocent?" says Trump

:00:28.:00:29.

when asked about Putin's alleged crimes.

:00:30.:00:32.

Are the US and Russia's actions morally equivalent?

:00:33.:00:36.

I would not wish to issue an invitation to President Trump to

:00:37.:00:48.

speak in the Royal Gallery. The Speaker of the House of Commons

:00:49.:00:50.

has hosted the Chinese President and the Emir of Kuwait,

:00:51.:00:53.

but he doesn't want the US President addressing

:00:54.:00:55.

Parliament on a state visit. And how is President Trump

:00:56.:00:58.

going to breathe new life I'm Katty Kay in Washington,

:00:59.:01:01.

Christian Fraser is in London. President Trump in the last hour has

:01:02.:01:29.

been speaking to members of the US Armed Forces in Tampa, Florida. This

:01:30.:01:35.

is his first addressed to troops as their Commander-in-Chief and he has

:01:36.:01:37.

been speaking in particular about Nato.

:01:38.:01:44.

We have your back, every hour of every day, now and always. That also

:01:45.:01:50.

means getting our allies to pay their fair share, they are very

:01:51.:01:58.

unfair to us. They strongly support Nato. We only ask that all of the

:01:59.:02:04.

Nato members make their full and proper financial contributions to

:02:05.:02:06.

the Nato alliance, which many of them have not been doing.

:02:07.:02:09.

Our North America Correspondent, Nick Bryant, is here.

:02:10.:02:12.

You were sitting with me in the studio, there is President Trump

:02:13.:02:17.

making what seems like a recommitment to Nato, having once

:02:18.:02:22.

said not so long ago that nature was obsolete. One of the ringing phrase

:02:23.:02:27.

from the election campaign. And the fact that he regards a lot of Nato

:02:28.:02:31.

members do not pay their way and members are supposed to pay 2% of

:02:32.:02:37.

GDP to finance the defence. And the Secretary General of Nato saying

:02:38.:02:42.

they should do exactly that. Yes, he is clearly saying America is not

:02:43.:02:46.

prepared to underwrite your defence any more, unless you stump up the

:02:47.:02:51.

cash yourself. He has also been talking about the threat of

:02:52.:02:54.

terrorism and of Islamic State, it is very symbolic he is at CentCom,

:02:55.:03:01.

the place that has run the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and some of the

:03:02.:03:08.

activities against Isis. And he said that terrorism has got so out of

:03:09.:03:12.

control, it has led to the point where the press does not even report

:03:13.:03:17.

on some of it. He said about the very, very dishonest media, don't

:03:18.:03:24.

even report on some terror attacks. He has recommitted America to the

:03:25.:03:28.

fight against Islamic State. He has also spoken about this controversial

:03:29.:03:31.

executive order at the centre of this legal battle and he said he

:03:32.:03:35.

wants to allow people into the country who love America but do not

:03:36.:03:39.

seek to destroy it. So given everything that has happened over

:03:40.:03:44.

the weekend, and we will get onto the legality of this executive order

:03:45.:03:47.

in a moment, but how much of the political problem is this for the

:03:48.:03:51.

White House at the moment, this immigration ban? It is a huge

:03:52.:03:56.

political problem at the moment because it has seemed to be rushed

:03:57.:04:00.

through, been worded imprecisely and it has been seen to open up the

:04:01.:04:03.

administration to this kind of legal challenge. At the moment, the judges

:04:04.:04:10.

in the west coast particularly are holding, they are actually agreeing

:04:11.:04:14.

with the opponents of the order in saying that it should be stopped at

:04:15.:04:17.

the moment so that people from these mainly Muslim countries can enter

:04:18.:04:22.

the country. So it has created a problem on that level, but there are

:04:23.:04:26.

many people, Donald Trump supporters, who are strongly behind

:04:27.:04:30.

this executive order and polls show the nation is divided but some of

:04:31.:04:33.

the polls suggest there is majority support for this executive order,

:04:34.:04:36.

for what they see as Donald Trump doing what he promised to do during

:04:37.:04:41.

the campaign, to stop people from mainly Muslim countries coming into

:04:42.:04:45.

the country. How did we can's events look to use in London? I was picking

:04:46.:04:50.

up on the papers over the week and I just want to show viewers what the

:04:51.:04:55.

papers have been looking at, the New York Times. The headline speaks for

:04:56.:05:01.

itself. Maybe you and Nick could give us a view on this. Because the

:05:02.:05:06.

perception is from the papers I have read, this very small team around

:05:07.:05:10.

the President, in the view of the media, the perception is nine tenths

:05:11.:05:13.

of the law, they are getting it wrong. Well, all administration have

:05:14.:05:19.

turf battles when they first come into office. All the West Wing staff

:05:20.:05:25.

are trying to get the influence of the Oval Office. It is different in

:05:26.:05:29.

this instance because these battles are being fought very angrily and

:05:30.:05:33.

very publicly on the front pages of some of the nation's most

:05:34.:05:37.

influential papers, like the Washington Post and the New York

:05:38.:05:40.

Times. One person in particular is attracting a lot of attention, the

:05:41.:05:44.

chief strategist at the White House, Steve Bannon, very controversial

:05:45.:05:48.

figure, seeing as a very right-wing figure who has the ear of the

:05:49.:05:51.

President. He was seen to be one of the key authors of the executive

:05:52.:05:54.

order, who wanted to rush things through. He has spoken about doing

:05:55.:05:58.

very big things very quickly. But over the weekend, there was an

:05:59.:06:01.

indication that Donald Trump is trying to slow down this

:06:02.:06:05.

policy-making machinery hand to give more control to the person in the

:06:06.:06:09.

West Wing who ordinarily is the kind of chief enforcer for the President,

:06:10.:06:15.

the chief of staff, Reince Priebus. It also seems President Trump wants

:06:16.:06:19.

to have more of an influence earlier on in the executive order drafting

:06:20.:06:23.

himself. It seems in this instance he was presented with a document

:06:24.:06:26.

that he signed with a flourish of his pen and have not given it the

:06:27.:06:30.

attention that perhaps he would have wanted. So make you are a historian

:06:31.:06:36.

who has studied American history and political history and you know more

:06:37.:06:38.

about this than I do, but it seems to me that we are at a moment where

:06:39.:06:44.

something new is being tested, and that is the ability of these

:06:45.:06:47.

populist movements together. If we see this as the beginning of that

:06:48.:06:51.

process, and the question about this White House is, you have Steve

:06:52.:06:56.

Bannon, who is by nature a disrupter, an insurgent, can you

:06:57.:06:59.

marry that with more traditional governing processes? We have

:07:00.:07:04.

somebody like Reince Priebus, who is trying to put in position systems to

:07:05.:07:07.

make sure executive orders are vetted before they leave the White

:07:08.:07:11.

House, does that take some of the disruption out of it? This is the

:07:12.:07:16.

power struggle that at the moment is playing out within the West Wing.

:07:17.:07:20.

Steve Bannon has made no apologies, he is coming to Washington to

:07:21.:07:24.

figuratively blow this place up, that is what he believes that Donald

:07:25.:07:29.

Trump's mandate is from the voters, do not act like a normal politician

:07:30.:07:34.

or a normal President, to defy those conventions. And Donald Trump has

:07:35.:07:37.

been doing that with the hurtling pace of the administration so far.

:07:38.:07:41.

But you get the sense that the President himself want to put the

:07:42.:07:45.

brakes on a little and to give more authority to somebody who is more of

:07:46.:07:48.

an establishment figure. Reince Priebus was the head of the GOP, a

:07:49.:07:56.

Washington insider, and the tension between those two people, Bannon on

:07:57.:07:59.

the one side and Priebus on the other, will be interesting to watch

:08:00.:08:03.

and it will be interesting particularly because it might define

:08:04.:08:06.

the nature of the Trump administration and the nature of

:08:07.:08:11.

governance in this new era. Nick Bryant, thank you very much. We are

:08:12.:08:15.

watching all this play out in real-time on the front papers --

:08:16.:08:23.

front pages. Let's get more about where we are on this trouble ban. --

:08:24.:08:26.

travel. With us is now is Doni Gerwitzmann

:08:27.:08:27.

from New York Law School - he's an expert in

:08:28.:08:30.

constitutional law and theory. Where does the President stand, and

:08:31.:08:38.

the White House stand, on the legality of this right now? So, the

:08:39.:08:44.

President has defended the ban by pointing at something by the plenary

:08:45.:08:48.

power doctrine, it is a law that this agreement court has set up

:08:49.:08:53.

giving the US Government wide discretion and authority to

:08:54.:08:55.

determine who can enter the country. In addition, the President is

:08:56.:09:00.

relying on the provision of the immigration and nationality act,

:09:01.:09:03.

where Congress delegated power to the President to deny that any alien

:09:04.:09:09.

or class of aliens the ability to enter the country if the President

:09:10.:09:15.

believes they are detrimental to the national interest. So, in about four

:09:16.:09:18.

hours' time, the Justice Department has to go back to the appeals court,

:09:19.:09:23.

making its case for this suspension of the ban to be lifted. How can the

:09:24.:09:29.

Justice Department argued against the appeals court, which is saying,

:09:30.:09:35.

and the judge in Seattle saying that actually, if we reinstate the ban it

:09:36.:09:40.

will cause chaos? The Justice Department I think will argue among

:09:41.:09:44.

other things that non-residents located out of the United States do

:09:45.:09:48.

not really have rights under the Constitution. They will argue for a

:09:49.:09:52.

very strong vision of executive power and a very strong vision of

:09:53.:09:58.

the power of the United States Government in the area of

:09:59.:10:01.

immigration. They will argue that the immigration law is different in

:10:02.:10:05.

that the US Government can do things to non-residents located outside the

:10:06.:10:10.

US, that it cannot do to American citizens. When you have one party

:10:11.:10:14.

that controls the White House and one that controls the Senate and the

:10:15.:10:21.

idea of those who favoured the Constitution was that the court

:10:22.:10:23.

would be there to provide checks and balances and it seems that in

:10:24.:10:26.

attacking the judge, the President is undermining the hostage usual

:10:27.:10:33.

system. Without question. -- the constitutional system. There are a

:10:34.:10:36.

number of emergency brakes that framers put into the system to

:10:37.:10:40.

prevent the Executive becoming a tyrant, doing whatever he wants. One

:10:41.:10:45.

major emergency brake is Congress, which can always operate to check

:10:46.:10:49.

the President. In a situation where Congress and the President come from

:10:50.:10:52.

the same political party, it might be that we will need to rely on the

:10:53.:10:56.

courts to play a much more aggressive role in telling the

:10:57.:11:00.

President Noel. I do not think President Trump did himself any

:11:01.:11:03.

favours by personally going after the judge in Washington over this

:11:04.:11:07.

decision. If anything, I think it may have cost the judiciary to be

:11:08.:11:12.

more aggressive in checking him. So you know judges, you spend all your

:11:13.:11:15.

time with them, I will assume that if President Trump calls a member of

:11:16.:11:21.

the judiciary eight so-called judge, that is then going to lead other

:11:22.:11:24.

judges and potentially even Supreme Court justices to side with the

:11:25.:11:32.

judiciary, do you think? Judges are professionals and they will issue

:11:33.:11:35.

decisions based on the law. I do think the personal attacks Trump has

:11:36.:11:39.

made members of the judiciary sort of change the atmospherics

:11:40.:11:45.

surrounded the executive order. The issue of judicial independence and

:11:46.:11:48.

the ability of the judiciary to act as a check on the President really

:11:49.:11:52.

moves front and centre won the President goes directly after a

:11:53.:11:56.

federal judge. -- when the President. This is complicated, so

:11:57.:12:00.

thank you for unpacking all of that! And one other update -

:12:01.:12:02.

Apple, Facebook and Microsoft are among 97 American tech

:12:03.:12:04.

companies to challenge The group has filed a legal

:12:05.:12:06.

document stating the ban affects operations

:12:07.:12:12.

and, in their words, "inflicts significant harm"

:12:13.:12:14.

on business. The document was filed

:12:15.:12:18.

in Washington on Sunday. We have also been taking a look at

:12:19.:12:25.

the President's tweets. He's been tweeting again,

:12:26.:12:32.

early morning, his time, about what he perceives

:12:33.:12:34.

as fake news. But it is begging questions, this,

:12:35.:13:12.

about his temperament, because we are getting used to him firing from

:13:13.:13:16.

the hip, and some of them, we can ignore but some of them seem a

:13:17.:13:20.

little bit petty. Some of these attacks against the

:13:21.:13:23.

fake news is entirely political and you wonder whether it is not

:13:24.:13:28.

symbiotic as well because Donald Trump is calling journalists from

:13:29.:13:30.

what he calls those fake news organisations on a very regular

:13:31.:13:34.

basis. He speaks to the main White House reporter from the New York

:13:35.:13:37.

Times and the Washington Post and even speaks to CNN, which he also

:13:38.:13:41.

calls fake news once or twice a week! And by the way, fantastic for

:13:42.:13:46.

their ratings, the New York Times's subscription doc-mac the failing New

:13:47.:13:51.

York Times are doing particularly well!

:13:52.:13:55.

I think the question here that is a more serious question is, what

:13:56.:13:59.

happens if Donald Trump is attacked by somebody more powerful than a

:14:00.:14:05.

news organisation, somebody for example with access to military

:14:06.:14:09.

weapons or even, God forbid, nuclear weapons?

:14:10.:14:17.

If he says something on Twitter, other countries will say, that is

:14:18.:14:23.

his view and we need to react. If it is China or North Korea, how

:14:24.:14:26.

will he respond? It is a thing that worries countries

:14:27.:14:32.

away from the US, let me tell you. There are other leaders watching

:14:33.:14:34.

these tweets very closely. Here in the UK, the Speaker

:14:35.:14:38.

in the House of Commons, John Bercow, has said he would not

:14:39.:14:40.

wish President Trump The Speaker told the Commons

:14:41.:14:43.

the President's views on immigrants It looks like he has overstepped his

:14:44.:14:54.

mark. I would not wish to issue an

:14:55.:15:05.

invitation to President Trump to speak in the Royal Gallery. I

:15:06.:15:11.

conclude by saying to the honourable gentleman this. We value our

:15:12.:15:18.

relationship with the United States. If a state visit takes place, that

:15:19.:15:24.

is way beyond and above the pay grade of the Speaker! However, as

:15:25.:15:30.

far as this place is concerned, I feel very strongly that our

:15:31.:15:39.

opposition to racism and sexism, and our support for a quality for the

:15:40.:15:48.

law, and an independent judiciary, are hugely important considerations

:15:49.:15:50.

in the House of Commons. APPLAUSE

:15:51.:15:50.

. Let's go live now

:15:51.:15:52.

to Westminster in London and speak to our political

:15:53.:15:54.

correspondent, Eleanor Garnier. You had better start for our

:15:55.:16:03.

international viewers, just setting out who John Bercow is. The Prime

:16:04.:16:08.

Minister has made it clear she wants the state visit to go ahead so, does

:16:09.:16:12.

he have it within his power to stop him addressing Parliament? Everyone

:16:13.:16:18.

has been taken by surprise, even politicians who are in the House of

:16:19.:16:24.

Commons as the Speaker stood up. The Speaker of the House of Commons is

:16:25.:16:27.

basically like a referee in the House of Commons. They are in charge

:16:28.:16:30.

of MPs when they are in the House of Commons and therefore, they are in a

:16:31.:16:37.

neutral position. That is why this is so unprecedented and it really is

:16:38.:16:40.

a sort of dramatic snub, if you like. He attacks the President has

:16:41.:16:45.

effectively being racist and sexist and for having a lack of respect for

:16:46.:16:50.

judges. There were even Cheers, as we heard, when he made the comments

:16:51.:16:54.

in the House of Commons. We know there has been this growing

:16:55.:16:57.

opposition to the planned state visit later this year, more than 1.8

:16:58.:17:03.

million people have signed a petition outside Parliament, so

:17:04.:17:07.

there will be MPs in the House and also people among the public who

:17:08.:17:11.

will be pleased that John Bercow, the Speaker, has been so outspoken,

:17:12.:17:15.

but his critics will say he has overstepped the mark and gone too

:17:16.:17:19.

far. We were talking last week about some of the pools surrounding the

:17:20.:17:23.

state visit and plenty of people here in Britain are keen for it to

:17:24.:17:25.

go ahead and they might also make the point that if you look at the

:17:26.:17:30.

list of people who have come here, that he has hosted in the

:17:31.:17:34.

Parliament, they include the President of China, the Emir of Q8,

:17:35.:17:37.

they are hardly paragons of virtue and some of them. And I think that

:17:38.:17:42.

is why this has been such a surprise to everyone, and so unprecedented.

:17:43.:17:52.

And we have had the likes of Mandela, that is why people have

:17:53.:17:56.

been taken by surprise but the key thing is, John Bercow is one of

:17:57.:18:00.

three people who have the keys to handing out the invitations to the

:18:01.:18:04.

great and good to come and speak here in Parliament, and because he

:18:05.:18:09.

has said he does not want President Trump to come, he has basically

:18:10.:18:12.

vetoed any chance for President Trump to come and speak here. So

:18:13.:18:16.

that means that if something cannot really go ahead, because the Prime

:18:17.:18:21.

Minister, and wouldn't you like to be a fly on the wall in Downing

:18:22.:18:24.

Street tonight, she does not have the power over the Speaker's

:18:25.:18:27.

decision-making on this issue. So it is not up to the Prime Minister and

:18:28.:18:30.

we can imagine that people in Downing Street this evening will not

:18:31.:18:35.

be happy that John Bercow has been so outspoken after all that

:18:36.:18:39.

extremely public wooing that we have seen, that huge presidential, the

:18:40.:18:44.

huge visit Theresa May just a couple of weeks ago, where she has publicly

:18:45.:18:49.

tried to, you know, work hard on that new special relationship. So

:18:50.:18:52.

Downing Street will not be pleased at all. What a tightrope she has to

:18:53.:18:55.

walk. It was Super Bowl weekend

:18:56.:19:09.

here and the Patriots' stunning, last-minute victory isn't the only

:19:10.:19:12.

thing people are talking about. To mark the occasion,

:19:13.:19:14.

President Trump gave an interview to Bill O'Reilly of Fox News,

:19:15.:19:16.

which was broadcast as part And in it, he sparked some

:19:17.:19:19.

controversy by defending He was also asked how well

:19:20.:19:22.

he thought the travel restrictions and the vetting of refugees entering

:19:23.:19:26.

the US had been implemented, I think it was very smooth, you had

:19:27.:19:32.

109 people out of hundreds of thousands of travellers and all we

:19:33.:19:35.

did was vet those people very, very carefully. You would not do anything

:19:36.:19:41.

differently? A lot of people didn't really know what the order was. But

:19:42.:19:45.

is not what General Kelly says. He said he totally new, he was aware of

:19:46.:19:52.

it, and there were 109 people. Putin is a killer. We have got a lot of

:19:53.:19:56.

killers. You think our country is so innocent? I do not know of any

:19:57.:20:03.

government leaders who are killers. Take a look at what we have done,

:20:04.:20:07.

made a lot of mistakes, I was against the war in Iraq. Our

:20:08.:20:12.

mistakes are different. But a lot of people were killed, a lot of killers

:20:13.:20:14.

around. Since that interview aired,

:20:15.:20:14.

Mr Trump has been criticised Now the Kremlin has weighed in,

:20:15.:20:17.

calling for Fox News to apologise for calling

:20:18.:20:20.

the Russian President a "killer". Putin's spokesman,

:20:21.:20:23.

Dmitry Peskov, told journalists: With me is Brigadier-General

:20:24.:20:42.

Mark Kimmitt, who served as Deputy Assistant Secretary

:20:43.:20:44.

of Defense for Middle East Policy under Defense Secretaries

:20:45.:20:46.

Donald Rumsfeld and Robert Gates. Thank you for coming in. Let's start

:20:47.:21:01.

with Russia. And the spat that arose because of the interview that

:21:02.:21:05.

President Trump gave the Fox News. Is there anyway that the White

:21:06.:21:12.

House, that the President can suggest that America and Russia are

:21:13.:21:15.

the same level when it comes to this issue? No well, let us be clear,

:21:16.:21:20.

there has not been a President since the end of the Cold War that has not

:21:21.:21:24.

started the administration by saying, let's do a reset. George

:21:25.:21:31.

Bush famously said, I looked into his eyes. So it is another President

:21:32.:21:36.

who has clearly said, let's try to re-establish the relationship with

:21:37.:21:41.

Russia and move forward. But to put a moral equivalence between

:21:42.:21:45.

President Putin and the United States, are you comfortable with

:21:46.:21:48.

that? Not really, do not think anyone wants to point a finger at

:21:49.:21:52.

the country. Factually, there are some situations where Donald Trump

:21:53.:21:58.

may have a point, but I think emotionally, no country wants to

:21:59.:22:02.

have their fingers pointed in their eyes. How can you account for the

:22:03.:22:08.

President's reluctance to criticise Vladimir Putin? I cannot. But at the

:22:09.:22:14.

same time I think he would have a reluctance to criticise the Chinese

:22:15.:22:19.

Premier. A number of world leaders that he would be... He has been more

:22:20.:22:24.

critical of China than he has of Russia. Not to the extent that he

:22:25.:22:29.

has were some of us would believe that China is a far greater threat

:22:30.:22:32.

than Russia at this point. We could debate this all day. I think it

:22:33.:22:36.

really goes to the point that he is trying to reset the relationship

:22:37.:22:43.

with Russia and move forward. I was hoping you might put your former

:22:44.:22:46.

State Department hat on and talk to us about Iran because the British

:22:47.:22:49.

Prime Minister is hosting the Israeli Prime Minister today and by

:22:50.:22:52.

all accounts, she is saying, the Iran deal is not perfect but it is

:22:53.:22:56.

the best option we have on the table at the moment. Would you agree? I

:22:57.:23:01.

think so, Andy, administration has been very clear, at this point they

:23:02.:23:05.

are not looking at tossing of the agreement. -- and the

:23:06.:23:09.

administration. There have been situations in the past few months

:23:10.:23:12.

where the Iranians have flagrantly violated the terms of the agreement

:23:13.:23:16.

and what the top administration is saying is, we will draw a red line

:23:17.:23:21.

on this, and if the Iranians are unwilling to adhere to it, we will

:23:22.:23:26.

look into it. But there is an election coming up in Iran and the

:23:27.:23:31.

concern is in Europe that the President might be undermining the

:23:32.:23:35.

more moderate forces. Well, I think they are doing a pretty good job

:23:36.:23:38.

themselves of undermining the moderate forces by launching a

:23:39.:23:43.

ballistic missile into the Persian Gulf and off the coast of Yemen. OK,

:23:44.:23:48.

I want to ask you about some the President has just said at CentCom,

:23:49.:23:52.

that seemed to be a reinforcement of Nato. He said, I strongly support

:23:53.:23:56.

Nader, I just want European countries to say more. -- Nato. I

:23:57.:24:04.

imagine that something you are relieved to hear. I am, and the

:24:05.:24:08.

burden sharing has been going on since 1947. It is one that every

:24:09.:24:15.

President has made. So at least he has moved from the position of that

:24:16.:24:19.

it is an outdated institution, to one that does have a value, but

:24:20.:24:23.

people need to come to the table and pay their 2% of GDP. Thank you very

:24:24.:24:26.

much for joining us. Well, back here in Washington,

:24:27.:24:29.

we look set for a close vote coming in the Senate tomorrow,

:24:30.:24:32.

with members still divided on whether to approve

:24:33.:24:34.

Mr Trump's controversial pick The billionaire and GOP donor

:24:35.:24:36.

Betsy DeVos is facing criticism from the labour unions

:24:37.:24:40.

and the teaching organisations. Two Republicans say they will side

:24:41.:24:41.

with Democrats in the vote - if there's one more defector,

:24:42.:24:44.

Mrs DeVos would not Supreme Court nominee, Neil Gorsuch,

:24:45.:24:47.

heads to Capitol Hill later to try and win over the Democrats

:24:48.:24:54.

who will be involved in his Mr Gorsuch is due to meet

:24:55.:24:56.

with Senator Diane Feinstein. She's the highest-ranking Democrat

:24:57.:25:01.

on the Judiciary Committee and will lead the party

:25:02.:25:03.

during confirmation hearings. By the way, the Democrats, I was

:25:04.:25:20.

speaking to a senior Democrat, and she was saying this is something the

:25:21.:25:22.

Democrats are really going to fight but they do feel that Neil Gorsuch

:25:23.:25:26.

is very Conservative and they have decided to make this a battle they

:25:27.:25:30.

are going to have. He is doing to be doing a lot of

:25:31.:25:32.

work in the next few months. You're watching

:25:33.:25:35.

100 Days from BBC News. Still to come for viewers on the BBC

:25:36.:25:36.

News Channel and BBC World News... A big part of Donald Trump's

:25:37.:25:40.

pitch to American voters was the pledge to create jobs,

:25:41.:25:42.

a message which resonated Now he is President,

:25:43.:25:45.

how will he deliver on the promise The weather is pretty horrible in

:25:46.:26:09.

some parts of the country. We have got heavy rain and strong winds.

:26:10.:26:17.

Blowing a gale in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Gusts of wind

:26:18.:26:22.

approaching 70 miles an hour that a 70 mph, although to this massive

:26:23.:26:25.

area of low pressure. The centre is out in the North Atlantic. This is

:26:26.:26:31.

the front that is extending across us and look at the weather we have

:26:32.:26:35.

across northern parts of the UK. Some of those upper-level routes

:26:36.:26:37.

getting a covering through this evening. This is just a selection of

:26:38.:26:43.

some of the gusts of wind we will experience through the course of

:26:44.:26:48.

this evening. Further South, not so bad but it is soggy and it will get

:26:49.:26:51.

wetter and wetter particularly across eastern areas. We have a

:26:52.:26:55.

heavier rain in the West early on and now that front is pushing East.

:26:56.:26:59.

There will be some ice around as well particularly across the more

:27:00.:27:02.

northern areas, especially around Scotland later on tonight. Let's

:27:03.:27:08.

have a look at tomorrow morning. There is a chance of a little bit

:27:09.:27:13.

more rain in south-western areas, especially in the afternoon, but

:27:14.:27:16.

even in the morning, you can see the rain here, some of these showers

:27:17.:27:19.

will be quite heavy eventually. But for the most part, I think the

:27:20.:27:23.

morning of across the bulk of England and Wales is looking dry.

:27:24.:27:27.

Dry also in Northern Ireland, but these Eastern counties remain cloudy

:27:28.:27:31.

and wet, it will still be windy there in the North East of Scotland.

:27:32.:27:36.

So that is the morning, let's see what happens in the afternoon. Not

:27:37.:27:40.

an awful lot with this weather front, it just sticks around and

:27:41.:27:44.

grinds to a halt, it literally stops in this position here, and it is not

:27:45.:27:48.

planning to move any further East. It will just sort of rain itself

:27:49.:27:53.

out. The rest of the UK, some sunshine and again, these showers

:27:54.:27:59.

could be hail or thunder. So a mix of weather on Tuesday in some

:28:00.:28:03.

south-western areas. Wednesday, the weather calms down. This high

:28:04.:28:08.

pressure from Scandinavia sends easterly winds on our direction.

:28:09.:28:12.

These blobs of blue, still that same front dying away but it should rain

:28:13.:28:16.

itself out by Wednesday. Then a fair bit of cloud and the temperatures

:28:17.:28:19.

are dropping stock towards the end of the week, a cold easterly wind

:28:20.:28:22.

and the chance of snow flurries. Welcome back to 100 Days

:28:23.:30:07.

with Katty Kay in Washington, President Trump gives his first

:30:08.:30:09.

direct address to the US Armed Forces since becoming

:30:10.:30:14.

their Commander-in-Chief, saying he strongly supports Nato

:30:15.:30:19.

but wants all Nato members He promised to breathe new life

:30:20.:30:21.

into US labour markets but how We'll speak to a key

:30:22.:30:30.

economic advisor to Egypt is the most

:30:31.:30:34.

populous Arab country - and a long time ally

:30:35.:30:43.

for the United States. Some in the region reacted angrily

:30:44.:30:47.

to the travel restrictions that currently bar Muslims

:30:48.:30:52.

from travelling to the US - but you won't hear much condemnation

:30:53.:30:54.

from the Egyptian government. The authoritarian President,

:30:55.:30:57.

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, was one of the first Arab leaders

:30:58.:30:58.

to congratulate Mr Trump President Trump said his Egyptian

:30:59.:31:01.

counterpart was "a fantastic guy". Orla Guerin reports from Cairo

:31:02.:31:07.

on a peculiar alliance. A first meeting and apparently the

:31:08.:31:13.

beginning of a beautiful friendship. Egypt's strongman leader

:31:14.:31:18.

Abdel Fattah Al Sisi sat with Donald Trump

:31:19.:31:20.

when he was still They had good chemistry,

:31:21.:31:23.

Mr Trump said. Hardly surprising when you

:31:24.:31:29.

spot the similarities. The red ties, the hand gestures,

:31:30.:31:33.

and the hard-line stance. So the regime in Cairo expects fresh

:31:34.:31:39.

momentum in relations with the US. Though other Arab states

:31:40.:31:44.

are facing new roadblocks. Elsewhere in the region

:31:45.:31:49.

there are serious concerns But for president Sisi and his

:31:50.:31:51.

supporters he is a welcome change. The two leaders speak the same

:31:52.:31:58.

language about defeating Islamic extremism and there is common ground

:31:59.:32:01.

in another area, neither has much to say about the need

:32:02.:32:06.

to safeguard human rights. Critics fear President Trump

:32:07.:32:12.

will push the region And play into the hands

:32:13.:32:14.

of extremists. This liberal activist

:32:15.:32:20.

says his travel ban, He is antagonising the majority,

:32:21.:32:22.

nearly all Muslims worldwide. And that is exactly what Daesh

:32:23.:32:31.

and other extremists and terrorists groups want to do,

:32:32.:32:34.

push towards a confrontation and send the message

:32:35.:32:37.

that the two religions, the two civilisations,

:32:38.:32:39.

cannot coexist. President Obama, centre stage

:32:40.:32:45.

in 2009 with a seminal speech I come here to Cairo

:32:46.:32:55.

to seek a new beginning between the United States

:32:56.:33:06.

and Muslims around the world. One based on mutual interests

:33:07.:33:09.

and mutual respect. In the great Hall of

:33:10.:33:15.

Cairo University which echoed to the soaring rhetoric,

:33:16.:33:17.

we sat down with two of those They said President Obama did not

:33:18.:33:20.

deliver what he promised and his successor is off

:33:21.:33:27.

to a bad start. There is concern here in the region

:33:28.:33:32.

particularly from Muslims from the seven Muslim majority

:33:33.:33:36.

countries that were banned and also other countries that might be

:33:37.:33:39.

included in the ban as well. I think we are all just

:33:40.:33:43.

trying to brace ourselves And we will all just

:33:44.:33:46.

watch carefully. Look at the US Constitution

:33:47.:33:57.

and stick to the American values of freedom and democracy

:33:58.:34:03.

because what you're doing is very dangerous not only

:34:04.:34:05.

to the United States If he came to speak in this hall

:34:06.:34:07.

would you want to listen, The Egyptian leader on the other

:34:08.:34:20.

hand is eagerly awaiting the red-carpet treatment

:34:21.:34:24.

at the White House, something But he and President Trump

:34:25.:34:26.

are marching in step, whatever the cost to democratic

:34:27.:34:33.

values in the region. You are having a trip down memory

:34:34.:34:54.

lane because in 2009 when President Obama gave that speech in Cairo you

:34:55.:35:00.

were our correspondent in Egypt. If we think the Obama administration

:35:01.:35:05.

might, what will President Trump do? might, what will President Trump do?

:35:06.:35:13.

I was there and it was one of his first big foreign policy speeches

:35:14.:35:17.

and did a lot in terms of healing after the Iraq War. He spoke about

:35:18.:35:22.

freedom and democracy and of course two years later he embraced the Arab

:35:23.:35:28.

Spring. Against the wishes of secretary of state Hillary Clinton

:35:29.:35:31.

who was much more circumspect about it. She could see when President

:35:32.:35:36.

Mubarak was gone but was only the Muslim brotherhood and Mohammed

:35:37.:35:40.

Morsi. Morsi was then deposed and then in came this new strongman,

:35:41.:35:45.

President Sisi. America learnt a lesson from that but it Egypt is to

:35:46.:35:53.

peace and security in the East. You cannot apply shock therapy to

:35:54.:35:55.

country like Egypt without the more country like Egypt without the more

:35:56.:35:59.

considered plan so many people will be hopping when Donald Trump looks

:36:00.:36:01.

towards Egypt he goes back to what they were doing at the end of the

:36:02.:36:07.

Mubarak era, exchanging money and aid for Democratic and political

:36:08.:36:08.

reform. A big part of Donald Trump's

:36:09.:36:15.

pitch to American voters was the pledge to create jobs -

:36:16.:36:18.

a message which resonated Mr Trump said that if

:36:19.:36:27.

he became President, Our business correspondent

:36:28.:36:32.

Michelle Fleury is at He is going to shift from service to

:36:33.:36:48.

manufacturing jobs? That has been his message, trying to bring back

:36:49.:36:52.

those manufacturing jobs. I was going to the numbers to try to

:36:53.:36:58.

figure out whether it is possible to bring back 25 million jobs in the

:36:59.:37:02.

next decade. It seems the tall order. Looking back I could not find

:37:03.:37:05.

a period in recent US history when there had been a 10-year street when

:37:06.:37:11.

that many jobs have been created. Perhaps the closest was in the

:37:12.:37:17.

Clinton era in the late 1990s. Another way to look at it is that

:37:18.:37:20.

the American companies would have to add about 208,000 jobs every month

:37:21.:37:27.

for the next ten years to try to achieve that goal. Worth pointing

:37:28.:37:32.

out what exactly is the Labour picture about Donald Trump is

:37:33.:37:40.

inheriting. Take a look at this. In January we had the employment report

:37:41.:37:44.

released last Friday, with some good news for Donald Trump showing that

:37:45.:37:48.

the unemployment rate was 4.8%. That is close to full employment. The

:37:49.:37:55.

number of people actually employed rose by 227,000 per month, putting

:37:56.:38:02.

the figure ahead of that 208,000 per month goal already. The question is,

:38:03.:38:07.

Donald Trump has questioned the reliability of the unemployment

:38:08.:38:10.

figures and so there is another figure I want to show you which

:38:11.:38:15.

perhaps he could like. It supports the theory that there is plenty of

:38:16.:38:18.

room for improvement in the economy and that is the labour participation

:38:19.:38:24.

rate for men aged between 25 and 54. People who are either working or

:38:25.:38:29.

actively seeking work. As we can see it is falling, and has been for more

:38:30.:38:36.

six of these men are either six of these men are either

:38:37.:38:39.

unemployed or out of the workforce altogether. The total is about 10

:38:40.:38:44.

million men and so the challenge is how to get these people back to

:38:45.:38:50.

work. These forgotten men. It is a problem that previous presidents

:38:51.:38:53.

have failed to address. The question is with Hill 's policies on

:38:54.:38:57.

deregulation, taxation, immigration, how will that help the economy.

:38:58.:39:02.

Diana Furchgott-Roth was economic adviser to the Trump Transition team

:39:03.:39:04.

she is also a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute.

:39:05.:39:07.

What are the chances do you think that Donald Trump can do what he

:39:08.:39:21.

says especially in the manufacturing sector and bring back jobs to the US

:39:22.:39:26.

given what we saw in the jobs report last week, that many jobs are coming

:39:27.:39:32.

back but in the service sector? Was he manages to lower the corporate

:39:33.:39:39.

tax rate to 15% or 20% as Congress has proposed, and move the tax

:39:40.:39:42.

system to a territorial tax system rather than tax on companies on the

:39:43.:39:48.

worldwide income, then the discrepancy in the tax regimes will

:39:49.:39:53.

disappear and more companies will come back. Right now the American

:39:54.:40:00.

corporate tax is up 39%, way above the UK tax rate of 20% and the OECD

:40:01.:40:09.

average of 25%. That is one of the factors and the other is

:40:10.:40:12.

executive order on that. But he has executive order on that. But he has

:40:13.:40:18.

not finished, he has only signed executive order is on one relatively

:40:19.:40:24.

small regulation, there is a lot more the individual agencies can do

:40:25.:40:29.

as soon as the Cabinet secretaries are confirmed. And the markets and

:40:30.:40:34.

businesses are happy about deregulation and about revising the

:40:35.:40:39.

corporate tax rate. Less happy about the possibility of protectionism in

:40:40.:40:43.

the US. How do we waive these two sides up? It is not clear that

:40:44.:40:49.

there's going to be protectionism because Donald Trump has taken a

:40:50.:40:55.

strong stand against the theft of intellectual property that some of

:40:56.:40:59.

our competitors are doing. And when that has gone away I do not think

:41:00.:41:04.

there is going to be a need for protectionism. He wants fair trade,

:41:05.:41:08.

not the theft of intellectual property. And I think we can have

:41:09.:41:12.

more trade and fair trade that will be a benefit to American companies.

:41:13.:41:17.

For example... They do not like the idea of terrorist that those

:41:18.:41:23.

concerned they do not like the idea of tariffs, foreign countries do not

:41:24.:41:27.

like the idea of terror is either and they could stop some

:41:28.:41:32.

intellectual property thefts such as falls Apple stores in Beijing that

:41:33.:41:36.

are so realistic even the employees think there working for Apple. No

:41:37.:41:42.

one has tried to stop that before President Trump. He is going to try

:41:43.:41:47.

to stop that now. Talking about reducing corporate tax rates,

:41:48.:41:52.

Congress set a debt ceiling which almost doubled to $20 trillion under

:41:53.:41:59.

President Obama. If he starts to cut taxes and build more infrastructure,

:42:00.:42:03.

the debt ceiling is going to go up even higher? That is not necessarily

:42:04.:42:09.

true because a lower corporate tax rate can result in an influx of cash

:42:10.:42:15.

back to the United States. Multinational companies are holding

:42:16.:42:19.

over $2 trillion in earnings overseas. That would be a tremendous

:42:20.:42:25.

stimulus if even 25% of that came back and was invested in the United

:42:26.:42:31.

States in enterprises that then create tax revenue. And there are

:42:32.:42:34.

many opportunities for growth that would then achieve tax revenue.

:42:35.:42:43.

Thank you very much. That is going to be a very interesting story. Much

:42:44.:42:49.

of his popularity is going to depend on getting those jobs back.

:42:50.:42:51.

That's 100 Days for today - I'll be on Facebook live

:42:52.:42:54.

with Rajini Vaidyanathan straight after the show.

:42:55.:42:56.

And we'll be back at the same time tomorrow, be good

:42:57.:42:59.