As President Trump takes office, Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping our world.
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Hello and welcome to One Hundred Days.
The biggest cyber attack in history and America says the Russian
The Department of Justice charges two FSB agents,
who worked with criminal hackers, to steal details of 500
Hackers stole names, email addresses and passwords
from Yahoo in the latest cyber-attack that US agencies
This indictment details how Russian officers conspired and carried out
one of the largest cyber intrusions in US history.
The Republican Chair of the House intelligence committee says he does
not believe President Trump's claims that his phones were tapped.
As the US economy continues to grow, the Federal Reserve raises rates
Also, the polls are soon to close in the Netherlands.
Trying to see off the challenge of far right leader Geert Wilders,
the Dutch Prime Minister urges voters to defeat what he calls
The British Government is forced to reverse a planned tax hike
And a BBC investigation into the European lorry
drivers who move goods for IKEA among others.
So poor they live in their cabs for weeks on end.
I'm Katty Kay in Washington. Christian Fraser is in London.
Two Russian intelligence agents are being hunted by the FBI
for their part in the biggest cyber attack in history.
In 2014, the details of 500 million Yahoo accounts were stolen,
including the details of US Government officials.
The FBI says the Russian agents were paying and protecting
One of the hackers was arrested last week in Canada.
The agents, seen here, worked for a unit, within the FSB,
that was supposed to be a point of contact for law enforcement,
The acting assistant attorney general is Mary McCord.
The defendants include two officers of the Russian Federal Security
service and intelligence and law enforcement agency of
the Russian Federation, and two criminal hackers
with whom they conspired to accomplish these intrusions.
Dmitry Dokuchayev and Igor Sushchin, both FSB officers, protected,
directed, facilitated and paid criminal hackers to collect
information through computer intrusions in the United States
They worked with co-conspirators Alexsey Balan and Karim Baratov
to hack into the computers of American companies
providing e-mail and Internet related services.
This indictment details how Russian Federal Security Service
officers working together with criminal hackers conspired
to plan and carry out one of the largest cyber intrusions
Well let's speak to Matthew Rojansky, an expert on American
relations with Russia at the Woodrow Wilson Center
The FBI has suspected this for a long time that the Russian
Government is working with private cyber hackers but this is a first
time we'd seen evidence emerge? I don't think it's the first time.
It's not the first time that governments will have mixed with
hackers for hire. It's a first that the US is taking action, against the
Russian intelligence law enforcement officers who are counterparts at the
FBI who are alleged to have been running this, and it's fascinating
because one of the two officers was already arrested by the Russians
themselves in January, accused of being a double agent working for the
United States or something else, then released for his protection
because he was cooperating, and now it has the US levelling the charge
at him and it looks like it going to blow up in someone's base. What are
the ramifications going to be in terms of US and Russian relations at
a time when Russia is under investigation for hacking into the
US election last June? This is why this is so important, fascinating
and frankly tragic to watch. This underscores just how badly this
relationship is damaged at this point. This will officers who were
supposed to become or deleting nationally with one another, just a
few years ago as part of the bilateral president commission,
these guys are now literally charging one another with espionage
and going after each other. The second problem, maybe it will end up
being an independent investigation, but the panic and the fear in
Russian meddling in United States politics, now the US justice
department and courts, is substituting for US foreign policy
on Russia, because what is not happening, is a formal policy
position on Russia. Real negotiations with them, managing our
security and mutual relationship with them. Our Congressional
proceedings, this investigation, the public bus in the media, these are
now substituting with an actual policy for Russia. The problem is
going to be that anyone who wanted to develop a Russia policy in
Congress would think twice, because at the moment, Russia is seen as
hugely toxic and that is part of the problem, isn't it? I think Matthew
isn't hearing Christian so let me put that point to you. Who would put
forward such a policy when Russia itself is scene so toxic? I'm afraid
I think we lost Matthew there. But that was fascinating, the idea that
there is no rush up policy and effectively only investigations into
Moscow. In Russia in terms, you wonder where it ends because part of
the things that Matthew has been talking about is that this is going
nowhere. If you keep going so far with Russia, it just ends up in a
dark place, so they had to have this Russian policy.
In another story linked to intelligence agencies,
President Trump is coming under increasing pressure to provide
evidence of the alleged wiretapping of Trump Tower which he blamed
on the former President Barack Obama.
on the former President, Barack Obama.
We've been hearing from the Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee,
Republican Congressman Devin Nunes today - who's been leading
As I told you last week about the issue with the president
That evidence still remains the same that we don't have any
evidence that that took place, and in fact I don't believe
in the last week of time, the people we talk to,
I don't believe there was an actual tap of Trump Tower.
He was the Republican we heard from last week. He said you shouldn't
take what the President is saying literally. He is obviously getting
frustrated and you can see why, because the president could put this
to bed immediately. He could get classified the documents and
everybody would know whether Trump Tower had been wiretapped. One of
the suggestions from Sean Spicer was in fact what the president wanted
was to open a Congressional enquiry into all this, not necessarily to
prove that President Obama has tapped President Trump's bone during
the campaign. But that's not what he tweeted. He clearly tweeted that
Barrett Obama had tapped his phone and was a bad or sick person. Did
Trump's campaign operatives get caught up in the wiretapping of
Russian entities, couple of banks have been mentioned, so was that an
issue. But he's having problems with that because that's not what Trump
tweeted. After the economic crash of 2008,
US interest rates were slashed and they have barely shifted since,
they have been dragging along at just over 0%
for over seven years. But in the past hour the US
Federal Reserve has made a move, it is nudging up the rate by just
a quarter of a percentage There could be more
rises ahead this year. And that is because suddenly
the ultra-cautious Fed has seen green shoots in the American
and global economy. Janet Yellen the Chair of the Fed
is preparing this president, indeed the world, for rising
interest rates and The economy continues
to expand at a moderate pace. Solid income gains and
relatively high levels of consumer sentiment and wealth have
supported household spending growth. Business investment, which was soft
for much of last year, And business sentiment
is at favourable levels. Overall, we continue
to expect that the economy will expand at a moderate pace
over the next few years. Well, to tell us why
all of this matters, and what it means not just
for the American economy, let's speak to Diane Swonk of DS
Economics in Chicago. That's the real story here, isn't
it? The interest rate hike is a reflection that the US economy is
doing well. Absolutely, it's an underlying of economic fundamentals,
no pre-emptive strike about what fiscal policy may come down the road
and finally, the Fed is getting there and they are reacting to it in
a way that is expected. I think another key point is the statement
itself is less hawkish than expected, highlighting the symmetry
of the inflation target. There was also a dissent, but highlighting the
symmetry is that the Fed can overshoot a bit on interest so it
will undershoot on unemployment because it has affected workers.
That's where the debate will be going forward. We have her sounding
optimistic, you saying that this is a good sign about the US economy,
art we are hearing from American voters that they are unemployed and
underpaid and that there is a large section of the US workforce that is
not at all feeling optimistic which is why they voted for president
Trump. I think that's why one of the reason that there is symmetry in
this target, it will be debated as to how high they will let it go and
how low they will allow employment to grow.
Now they have the ability to allow the economy to run a little hot.
What has happened in the 90s is beginning to happen now and it's
necessary, we need fiscal policy better tune to this and it's
necessary to re-engage those workers round the sideline. You are finally
seeing firms investing in training, this was something that wasn't
happening. She is hoping the upgrade of skills will trigger some
innovation as well. Indulge me as a Brit, amid the Brexit stuff, if we
have a world economy where the US is pushing up rates with the UK is
keeping its rates at rock bottom, so does that mean the pound remains low
and our import prices go up? Unfortunately, I think you are stuck
with that. I was there in England during the Flash crash. It's
important to understand that we are seeing more symmetric central bank
policy. The ECB is not quite ending with this change but there are some
hawks in the mix of their flock and that means there will be less
accommodation, less pushing of accommodation with the European
Central Bank which will slow the appreciation of the dollar. It's
different in the UK. All of these uncertain sees, article 50, the
referendum in Scotland complicating your mix. We needs that US trade
deal, Diane. We will send you our cheap exports!
President Trump clearly in optimistic mood on the state
It will only get better as we continue to slash
unnecessary regulations and when we begin our big tax cut!"
I've seen a few of these tweets from him with the Dow industrial average
going up, is he claiming credit for things that were done by Barrett
Obama? Of course. -- President Barrett Obama Barack Obama if he
gets his regulations through however it will be big for America, but
nobody will deny that there is the prospect here of a big fiscal
stimulus. If those policies managed to get through. We are going to talk
to a trader in Chicago. So we can ask him about that
Well speaking in the last half an hour to car workers in Detroit,
President Trump had this to say about US Trade with
They have said these chronic trade deficits have helped us
I don't want friends abroad if that's what it is going to take.
We don't need friends abroad like that.
Did you ever see that, where they said, "No, no,
it's good for us because people like us abroad"?
that's the kind of thing we heard during the course of that campaign.
We don't think all Americans are stupid.
Polls are due to close within the hour in the Netherlands
in an election that many see as a big test of the way
in which the winds of populism are blowing in Europe.
We know already that turn-out has been higher
than the last election, five years ago, and if you've been
tuning in these past few days you'll know the ongoing row with Turkey has
Attention is focused on the far-right Freedom Party
candidate, Geert Wilders, who has mounted a challenge
to the centre-right party of Prime Minister Mark Rutte.
Here's what both candidates had to say after casting
Well, I say if you don't like the idea, don't come to Holland.
You are free people, you can decide where or where not to go.
I hope that we have less is on in Holland.
I hope that we have less Islam in Holland.
I think Islam and freedom are not compatible.
You are free to go and still leave whenever you want,
Having a political leader who wants to take away the Koran
from Muslims in the Netherlands, who wants to close our mosques,
who is basically talking about not taking the necessary decisions
And populism, there is nothing wrong with populism.
The wrong pull of populism is not addressing the real
issues of the people, only making them bigger
Ros Atkins spoke to us from The Hague a little earlier.
In a normal year, we might see the Dutch election
as a bit of an outlier, but if the trend continues
and Geert Wilders does well in this poll, could that set the tone
Certainly the Prime Minister here, Mark Rutte, thinks so.
He has been repeatedly warning that there shouldn't be any sort
of domino effect from Brexit to Donald Trump to the Netherlands
and then on to the French election and the German election afterwards.
I would say that the politicians involved, whether it is Donald Trump
or those who campaigned for Brexit or Geert Wilders, the far right
leader here, or Marine Le Pen in France, they all really push back
at this idea that they are all connected.
They all say they are making national campaigns and national
Nonetheless, the reason the foreign media is here in such
We want to see what impact Brexit and Donald Trump's victory has had
on the thinking of the Dutch voters and we are looking for clues
as to which way France and Germany may go later in the year.
I think I am right in saying that none of the polls in the Netherlands
have suggested that Geert Wilders is going to actually win
so the question is how much has he influenced the policy debate?
How much has he pulled Mark Rutte to the right
on issues like immigration and European integration?
It is beyond doubt that Geert Wilders has managed to do that.
Most commentators would say this is absolutely the case,
that Mark Rutte and not just Mark Rutte, because remember there
Many of them, not all of them, but many of them have picked up
on the issues of immigration, integration and Islam,
the three Is which Geert Wilders has concentrated on,
and they have put out strong statements on that.
In terms of the practicalities of power here in the Netherlands,
Geert Wilders was leading some of the polls for a while but no
All of the other big parties say they will not work with him
so unless there are some major U-turns or the polls are hugely
wrong, Geert Wilders is not going to get a chance to be part
of a coalition government and so he will stay outside of power.
So interesting, that Dutch election. Who thought we would be focused on
that? Is getting a lot of coverage here in the US. It's such a
bellwether not just for what's happening there but around the
world. We will have an exit poll so stay with us for that.
Lots of questions today over a portion of Donald Trump's
The document was revealed last night on MSNBC.
This is what we're talking about - two photocopied pages obtained
by the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, David Cay Johnston.
They show that in 2005 the real estate mogul Donald Trump paid
$36.5 million in income taxes, on earnings of $153 million.
This looks pretty good for Mr Trump. We will talk about that in a second.
Well an indignant reply from Donald Trump earlier
"Does anybody really believe that a reporter,
who nobody ever heard of, "went to his mailbox"
First off, that reporter has written a book on Donald Trump so I'm
guessing he knows who he is. What is more interesting is that is a client
copy. It doesn't tell us very much. So it's not come from the inland
revenue. It's come from somebody who was sent a copy of that. David is
saying it might have come from the president himself. So, David went on
rachel-mac die's show, she's a left-leaning commentator. David went
on her show and said these came into my inbox and then he speculated that
Donald Trump himself may have actually leaked them to him so that
they would get out there. There is some history of this. It sounds like
a crazy conspiracy theory, but there is a history of Donald Trump
bringing up reporters in New York during the 90s pretending to be
someone from the Trump empire spreading flattering stories about
him. It is possible. It's not beyond around. Not totally beyond the realm
of possibility. They look good, those tax returns. It makes you
wonder why he didn't release the mole if they all look that good. We
will have to wait for more information on that.
President Trump will unveil an outline of his budget on Thursday.
It will be short on detail, which is why it's nicknamed
a "skinny budget", but it should give an indication
of how he intends to deliver on his campaign promises.
The importance of staying on message can't be underestimated.
Just ask the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond,
who was forced today to scrap a plan to raise National Insurance
Contributions for self-employed people, announced in
Reducing the unfairness of the difference in the tax
treatment of those who are employed and those who are self-employed
But this government sets great store in the faith and trust
of the British people, especially as we embark
on the process of negotiating our exit from the EU.
By making this change today, we are listening to our colleagues
and demonstrating our determination to fulfil both the letter
and the spirit of our manifesto tax commitments.
Let's bring in our political correspondent, Alex Forsyth who's
A U-turn in the space of the week amounting to ?2 billion. The Cabinet
didn't know about it which begs the question is his job under threat?
It's a damaging day for him. And to some extent for Theresa May. In the
UK, the budget is a big deal and this change to national insurance
was right at the centre of Philip Hammond's budget. A week later, he's
having to pull back from it and he's left with a financial hole, and he
is also accused of incompetence. The Government is entering into Les
Brexit negotiations, though not a good date for the Government here in
the UK. -- a good day. You are watching 100 Days.
We ask why drivers who work at IKEA are living in their cabs and about
bringing North Korea into line. If you had the sunshine, no doubt
you will be wondering about what a glorious Dave. Gravesend experienced
temperatures of 19 Celsius. 17 is the highest Wales have seen this
year. On the coast of south Wales however common 9 degrees. Some
outbreaks of rain in the north and north-west of Scotland. Some of that
reaching into Northern Ireland later. Still some breaks in the
cloud. There could be a few mist and fog patches. Into tomorrow and
high-pressure has been pushed away by a weather front with outbreaks of
rain. Some lighter patchy rain affecting the North of England is as
we go to the first part of the morning. Still some sunshine.
A spell of heavy rain will move through Scotland before clearing.
Sunny spells following, but turning wintry in the Scottish Highlands. A
substantial band of rain reaching into the northern England and Wales.
The cooler air behind this cold front will filter its way south
across the UK during Thursday night. Out of about on Friday morning
dropping into low single figures and those showers giving some sleet and
snow to relatively low levels in northern Scotland. Rain pushing in
from north-west to south-east across the UK for a wet, windy picture to
end the week will stop this will continue into the weekend. Wendy,
feeling cooler, wetter at times but some dry, brighter moments too.
The US Department of Justice has charged two Russian intelligence
agents over the theft of data from half a billion Yahoo accounts
in one of the largest cyber-attacks in history.
The Congressmen, Facebook and a race to Washington.
America's new Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has arrived
in Asia at the start of a four day tour of the region.
The talks - which will take place in Japan,
South Korea and finally China - the issue of North Korea
and its recent missile launches is top of the agenda.
Here with us is Balbina Hwang, a former special advisor
to Ambassador Christopher Hill - he was Assistant Secretary of State
Thanks very much for coming in. In a way this area of the world
represents a microcosm of the challenges that America faces, Japan
that is nervous about North Korean missiles landing in the Sea of
Japan, South Korea has just had its president ousted, you have got China
and Bobigny knows really what the president monster do and then you
have got North Korea on top of that, totally rogue and unpredictable. His
Rex Tillerson prepared and ready to form US foreign policy in that
region? Were on top of that you have basically the engine of the global
economy as well, that is at stake. He seems to be a very capable man,
one presumes that he has been given a certain set of marching orders and
he is visiting at a very critical time. US representatives need to get
out there rarely to reassure our most important allies about our
future presence and the US's future role and of course to set the stage,
for a positive stable relationships with China. It is unclear whether or
not he has the manpower and the bureaucratic support because that is
still very much in flux. We will see. President chump has rowed back
on some of the more inflammatory things, throwing the one China
policy in question, suggesting that South Korea and Japan should have
nuclear weapons. The White House has wrote back but there is still an
issue coming up to the approaches of North Korea. Rex Tillerson says that
the State Department needs fresh approaches, he worked in the State
Department, are there fresher approaches that the Obama to
frustration didn't try. Actually I believe that Obama can illustration
did try, but it takes two to tango or walls, or dance. North Korea is
the one that is resistant, it was during the Bush years, Obama years
and clearly now is willing to stand up to President Trump. I think the
United States needs to unhinge frankly the role of China. I think
what President Trump's role in the first hundred days shows, is that
despite the inflammatory rhetoric, in fact when it comes to Asia he
began to quickly understand, that decades-old policies of the US,
meaning our stable allies, and being able to have a continued influence
that is positive in Asia, he's essentially the way to go for the
US. But isn't the point that will always miss about China when it
comes to North Korea, that it sees it has a very useful ally, of course
it doesn't like Kim Jong-un, it could have a more rational ally, but
in a very volatile area, always thinking about conflict with the
United States, North Korea is a pretty good buffer? Yes of course
but I think North Korea has shown under Kim Jong-un in the last four
or five years, then you could test recently have really, they are not
really a test President Trump, the really a declaration of independence
against China. I wouldn't so much call it an ally has a useful
strategic asset for Beijing which is why paging is very reluctant to do
very much to see that regime crumbled. And why frankly China is
at a very difficult crossroads. Fascinating.
Lorry drivers moving goods for Ikea and other retailers
in Western Europe are camping out in their cabs for months at a time
because they can't afford to live in the countries they're working in.
The East European drivers are being paid at the levels they would
A judge has described as ''inhumane'' the practice
where companies are able to exploit loopholes in European law.
In a trailer on the edge of Copenhagen in Denmark, Christian and
Amelia have created their own pop-up kitchen. Cooking from scratch says
their money. Is this how you want to have your breakfast? I don't want to
live like this but this is the condition. He's moving goods for
IKEA but they don't employ him. His actual employer is a Slovakian firm.
He is paid Slovak wages. European Union employment rules state that a
driver temporarily posted away from home should be guaranteed the host
nation's minimum rates of pay and conditions. But companies are
exploiting loopholes in the law. A Danish driver, can expect to take
2200 euros or a month in salary but he has been taking home an average
monthly salary of 477 euros or ?418 a month. This is my home, this is
how I live, this is my bed, he I sleep. Danish tribes go home every
couple of weeks but he spends up to four months on road. His company say
that he is responsible for taking his rest breaks and the company says
he can go home when ever he likes. He has just driven some IKEA stock
from Denmark into Sweden, he only ever works in Western Europe,
sometimes it might be Germany or Norway. He is being paid as if he
was driving in Slovakia, yet he never works there. This is the
biggest IKEA Tryster but centre in the world. It is in Dortmund in
Germany. In front is a truck park turned campsite. Trade unions accuse
IKEA of turning a blind eye to how haulage companies treat their
drivers. IKEA would say this is many different layers of companies
operating his contract and they cannot be expected to know. Yes but
these guys, the Moldovan and Polish guys, they remove the furniture from
IKEA. They touch the furniture, how can you deny it is IKEA. How can you
deny what is being paid? Yes. In a statement IKEA say that they take
the reports very seriously. It is not just IKEA and the big
retailers that are in the firing line, Europe's politicians are also
under pressure to act to stop any further deterioration in the working
conditions of Europe's drivers. I think a lot of people to have been
driving around Europe recently will identify with that. You often see
lorry drivers living in tight conditions.
Janet Yellen, the head of the Federal Reserve,
It's the first rise of 2017 with more expected.
The decision will have an impact on the business landscape
here in the US and of course, will also have a ripple effect globally.
Scott Shellady is a Chicago based stock broker who is currently
in London getting ready to make the most of the opportunities that
I recently saw him on a rival network and I spotted the jacket.
That is why you are there, I thought I have got to get the jacket onto
100 days. You are called on Twitter the cowman. Why are you in the
jacket? It is a cultural background, my father had a farm, and he did the
job that I did before the media and the big-money was in the market and
he walks it so that everyone was reminded that there was an economic
function, not just ambling. I took it on to keep the game rolling and
then the big-money and the big media came in and everybody wanted to know
what the money is with the cow jacket. You work in futures, so
Tommy, we have got a lot of elections in Europe at the moment,
are you watching the Dutch election as a bellwether of what his game to
happen in France and Germany? Absolutely, we voted with our feet
as a firm, obviously we know what happened in June last year with
Brexit and then with Donald Trump in November and then the ball has come
back with the Dutch and then the French and the Germans. Sir as a
firm we think there is an opportunity here, we don't see
Brexit, or nationalism or populism as per se as being a bad thing for
this country or anybody else. It is going to be to marchers, there is
going to be turmoil and that is what you like in the markets first thing.
But also having your own sovereignty is not a bad thing. We have come
over here because we think this will be an opportunity, I was here when
we had a bunch of different currencies and now it is just back
to one and Demi will go back to in a currency so we'll see what happens.
This is a terribly exciting time. So let us get this clear, you are a
financial services person coming to London when the rest are coming to
the hills? Absolutely, I think there is a great opportunity and we know
that there is some nervousness but at the end of the day no one can
punish you for being in charge of your own sovereignty. That shouldn't
be the case. Like everybody else who deals in financial markets you are
very happy with the way things have gone since Tom Trump was elected. Do
you have any concerns that we are looking at a bubble here in the US
in financial markets and that this is something that could end badly
that we are on a sugar high? I think things have been so bad for so long
that we have got to unleash some animal spirits. I don't like to see
things go straight up all of the time, that is not healthy, but could
we have a 2% of 5% retrenching, yes. But we have almost gone up in a
straight line so nothing is healthy that does that. We will retrench and
that would be good going forward. At the end of the day we are still
trading on a bit of hope, we are on fumes and we need to see those
policies come through and the rubber meets the road. If you things are
but we are going to need a lot more to sustain the market at these
levels. Did you really just say hopium? Decided. You are a
Republican, you didn't initially planned for Donald Trump at you
thought he was the best bet once he got the ticket? Yes if you are for
lower tax and better regulation, less regulation then by default and
he is who is at the party. To another degree, that is how he gets
to his core base, Twitter. To be honest, after what we saw what
happened with a lot of folks being in bed with the media and
underhanded things happening, that is one true way that he can get to
his people and have it be his words. Part of me understand, but maybe he
should be a bit more judicious. We are out of time, will you come back
and see us? Absolutely. We will join him on the Chicago trading floor.
Chris and I want to get to this before the end of the day, we
mentioned this odd couple, costs Texas congressman, a Democrat and a
Republican have been live streaming their journey from San Antonio to
Washington. There has been a lot of political talk and doughnuts. There
you go. Thank you. That is a good doughnut. They decided to share a
car after their flights to Washington were cancelled because of
the snowstorm in the north-east there are currently rushing to make
it back so they can cast their votes on the house floor in a queue as
time. Breaking news, their GPS party tells them they are going to arrive
here in Washington at 6:20pm, that vote is scheduled for 6:30pm. If it
was me driving I would be a bit concerned. Brent, that is it for 100
days, join us again at the same time tomorrow, from Cathy and me, goodbye