India: Reaching For The Stars Click - Short Edition


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS


India: Reaching For The Stars

Click is in India to discover how the country is innovating for the future and solving problems of the past using technology.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to India: Reaching For The Stars. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Get ready, your Indian experience starts now.

:00:26.:00:36.

As soon as you step off the plane, India hits you like a big,

:00:37.:00:40.

It is everything you've ever imagined it to be.

:00:41.:00:48.

The first thing you'll notice will be the traffic.

:00:49.:00:56.

For 70 years this country has been independent of British rule

:00:57.:01:11.

and the cities that have sprung up around

:01:12.:01:14.

the old colonial grandeur seem chaotic, but they do kinda work.

:01:15.:01:18.

And India has found a niche in the wider world.

:01:19.:01:25.

Half of its 1.2 billion people are aged 35 or under.

:01:26.:01:30.

Maybe that's why it's known for its IT know-how,

:01:31.:01:33.

And the bosses of some of the biggest tech companies

:01:34.:01:38.

in taking over the world of consumer technology.

:01:39.:01:46.

After all, how many Indian tech brands can you name?

:01:47.:01:49.

The truth is that although there is a middle class of consumers

:01:50.:01:54.

here willing to buy brands it's not actually that big or that rich.

:01:55.:02:03.

Not that many people here can really afford the latest of very

:02:04.:02:06.

We're here to see how India is preparing for its future

:02:07.:02:10.

and, let me tell you, it is reaching for the stars.

:02:11.:02:18.

In 2013, India became the fourth spacefaring nation to launch a probe

:02:19.:02:22.

into orbit around Mars and, unlike those who came before them,

:02:23.:02:25.

The Indian Space Research Organisation,

:02:26.:02:34.

Isro, has been gaining a reputation for doing tons of successful space

:02:35.:02:38.

Their Mars mission came in at just $74 million,

:02:39.:02:45.

that's less than it cost to make the film Gravity.

:02:46.:02:48.

And, in February this year, they made history again by launching

:02:49.:02:51.

a record 104 satellites on a single rocket.

:02:52.:02:56.

It could just be that India has created the perfect

:02:57.:03:00.

combination of big brains with big space experience,

:03:01.:03:03.

but a mentality for doing things on the cheap.

:03:04.:03:07.

Just the sort of place you might go if you wanted to,

:03:08.:03:11.

say, land a robot on the moon for the space equivalent

:03:12.:03:14.

How confident are you that this will work?

:03:15.:03:17.

Welcome to the earthbound HQ of Team Indus, one of the handful

:03:18.:03:28.

of start-ups competing for the Google Lunar XPRIZE,

:03:29.:03:32.

that's $20 million for the first commercial company to land a rover

:03:33.:03:36.

The Team Indus space craft goes into two days of Earth orbit

:03:37.:03:44.

and then, boom, 4.5 days to the moon.

:03:45.:03:47.

12 days of spiralling down to the surface and,

:03:48.:03:52.

if all goes well, out comes the rover, travels half a kilometre,

:03:53.:03:55.

sends back HD video and wins the prize.

:03:56.:03:57.

Rahul Narayan is the co-founder of Team Indus and has been

:03:58.:04:10.

here since the start of the project, way back in 2010.

:04:11.:04:16.

And at that point you had no idea how you would acheive it?

:04:17.:04:20.

Yes, I googled and figured out what Wikipedia had

:04:21.:04:23.

to say about landing on the mood.

:04:24.:04:24.

You did an internet search on how to land on the moon?

:04:25.:04:28.

Did it have any useful information?

:04:29.:04:33.

It said there had been 85 attempts and I think every second attempt

:04:34.:04:39.

Six years later, there are about 100 people working very hard here and it

:04:40.:04:45.

certainly looks like they know their space stuff.

:04:46.:04:47.

Even the toilets are appropriately labelled.

:04:48.:04:53.

And they've built themselves all the things that

:04:54.:04:55.

a serious space company should have, like a mission control room,

:04:56.:04:58.

a model lander that makes smoke and a simulated lunar surface

:04:59.:05:01.

So what do you use to simulate moon dust?

:05:02.:05:14.

Just like national space agencies, testing every component

:05:15.:05:17.

and simulating every stage of the mission is a huge part

:05:18.:05:19.

We're making sure we do everything right.

:05:20.:05:23.

We're going to make it frugal, specific to the mission,

:05:24.:05:30.

but there's absolutely no corners that we're cutting.

:05:31.:05:32.

And, to look at it from a more philosophical way,

:05:33.:05:35.

We don't have a flight spare, so if one blows up we can go and fly

:05:36.:05:41.

the other, we have to get this right.

:05:42.:05:43.

Team Indus is one of five start-ups from around the world that have

:05:44.:05:47.

secured launch contracts for their rovers.

:05:48.:05:48.

While they can't say for sure, they think they'll launch before

:05:49.:05:51.

any other team and so perhaps be the first team to land and win!

:05:52.:05:57.

Well, that's except for the fact that to save costs they have had

:05:58.:06:01.

to sell some of their spare launch weight to a competitor rover.

:06:02.:06:04.

Japan's Team Hakuto will onboard too.

:06:05.:06:07.

You're both going to get to the moon at the same time.

:06:08.:06:10.

It's whoever touches down first and whoever has the fastest rover?

:06:11.:06:15.

It's going to be crazy! In a manner of speaking, yes.

:06:16.:06:20.

So it's a race, it will be a very interesting race,

:06:21.:06:31.

and once we touch down and both the rovers are deployed,

:06:32.:06:34.

let's see which one makes 500m first.

:06:35.:06:36.

All of that assumes of course that the rovers

:06:37.:06:41.

make it to the moon in the first place.

:06:42.:06:43.

Space exploration is a risky business and when it goes wrong it

:06:44.:06:46.

Six years, hundreds of thousands of hours of effort and millions

:06:47.:06:51.

spent and there's certainly a lot riding on getting things right.

:06:52.:06:54.

You mitigate the big pieces and then the you start mitigating the smaller

:06:55.:07:01.

risks and, at the end of the day, absolutely, one small wrong piece

:07:02.:07:05.

of code that made it through could kill the entire mission.

:07:06.:07:09.

There is a word here in India that I think describes Team Indus's

:07:10.:07:13.

I've come to the centre of Mumbai, to Dharavi -

:07:14.:07:25.

Here, in its tiny alleyways, jugaad is all around,

:07:26.:07:34.

as a desperately poor population reuses as much

:07:35.:07:36.

Built by workers who flocked to the city over

:07:37.:07:43.

hundreds of years, some of the houses here date back

:07:44.:07:46.

Up ahead, there is a pile of shredded denim which they use

:07:47.:08:06.

They burn it to fuel the kilns, just like they burn a lot of stuff

:08:07.:08:11.

You can really tell the air quality is very poor.

:08:12.:08:16.

You just have to take a few lung fulls and it

:08:17.:08:20.

starts to burn the back of your throat, it makes your eyes sting.

:08:21.:08:23.

The smoke is a necessary evil for the people of Dharavi.

:08:24.:08:26.

Like most of the developing world, pollution has been the price

:08:27.:08:29.

India is paying for a booming economy.

:08:30.:08:31.

The smog that gives Mumbai its spectacular sunsets has also

:08:32.:08:33.

made it the fifth most polluted mega city in the world.

:08:34.:08:36.

And when the sun disappears before it hits the horizon,

:08:37.:08:39.

In November, 2016, the Indian government declared the air

:08:40.:08:47.

pollution in Delhi a national emergency, with harmful pollutants

:08:48.:08:50.

And it's not just caused by all of the traffic.

:08:51.:09:00.

I was surprised to find out a lot of it comes from diesel generators.

:09:01.:09:08.

See, the electricity in India isn't very reliable,

:09:09.:09:10.

but plenty of businesses need guaranteed power,

:09:11.:09:12.

so they have there own individual generators that fire up whenever

:09:13.:09:15.

the electricity goes down and that means there are loads

:09:16.:09:19.

of exhaust pipes like this all over the city, which regularly belch out

:09:20.:09:22.

When you start looking for them, they're everywhere.

:09:23.:09:31.

Even the mobile masts have backup generators.

:09:32.:09:34.

Here in Bangalore, we've come across a small project to capture

:09:35.:09:38.

So what we have built is a device that attaches to the exhaust pipe

:09:39.:09:49.

of the chimneys and this can be attached to pretty much any exhaust

:09:50.:09:53.

pipe, irrespective of what is the age or type of engine

:09:54.:09:59.

you are running, and it captures practically whatever matter comes

:10:00.:10:02.

Once you capture matter that is substantially carbon,

:10:03.:10:11.

which is like the basis of practically everything that

:10:12.:10:14.

exists in the world, at present we recycle it into inks,

:10:15.:10:17.

which we believe is something used by practically everybody

:10:18.:10:19.

The headquarters of Graviky Labs is a mix of art studio and mad

:10:20.:10:27.

laboratory, the perfect combination, if you ask me!

:10:28.:10:33.

Their so-called air ink does have a few restrictions.

:10:34.:10:37.

It will only ever come in black and at the moment it's not good

:10:38.:10:41.

enough quality to be used in printers.

:10:42.:10:43.

Graviky is giving it to artists, who are finding their own

:10:44.:10:46.

Painting and screenprinting, for example, for use

:10:47.:10:49.

And while the ink may only have limited uses at present,

:10:50.:11:03.

Nikhil insists it is still better to put the carbon to good use rather

:11:04.:11:07.

There are a lot of technologies that have captured pollution in one way

:11:08.:11:12.

or the other, but if you don't recycle it you are actually leaving

:11:13.:11:16.

I'm afraid that's all we have time for in the shortcut of Click, the

:11:17.:11:34.

full-length version is for you on iPlayer right now and there's loads

:11:35.:11:39.

of extra photos from our trip to India at:

:11:40.:11:45.

Thanks for watching and we'll see you soon.

:11:46.:11:46.

India has a reputation for exploring space on a shoestring budget, but can one start-up be the first to put a robot on the moon for the space equivalent of spare change? Click is in India to discover how the country is innovating for the future and solving problems of the past using technology. From the entrepreneurs tackling the country's pollution problems, to the apps changing the face of dating for a new generation of Indians, to new medical technology that could save lives; Click travels across India to find out what is driving the country's explosive growth.