08/02/2017 Outside Source


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08/02/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.

:00:00.:00:11.

British MP's have voted for the government to begin

:00:12.:00:13.

The bill was never in any doubt, but a key amendment,

:00:14.:00:18.

guaranteeing the rights of EU nationals already in

:00:19.:00:20.

One of the Democrats' top senator has been silenced by the leader

:00:21.:00:32.

of the Senate for breaking the rules.

:00:33.:00:36.

Senator Warren said Senator Sessions has used the awesome power of his

:00:37.:00:45.

office to chill the free exercise of the vote by black citizens.

:00:46.:00:47.

We'll be live in Washington in a moment.

:00:48.:00:49.

We're also going to talk about Donald Trump.

:00:50.:00:51.

It would be so great for our justice system if they would be able to read

:00:52.:01:02.

The most high-profile opposition figure in Russia has been been found

:01:03.:01:06.

Alexei Navalny can no longer run for president next year.

:01:07.:01:11.

If you want to get in touch at any time, you can at #BBC OS.

:01:12.:01:34.

British MPs have voted to allow the Government to formally begin

:01:35.:01:38.

the process of leaving the European Union.

:01:39.:01:44.

the process of leaving the European Union.

:01:45.:01:47.

Didn't have one to the right 494, the noes to the left, 122. -- the

:01:48.:02:07.

ayes to the right, 494. The ayes to the right 494, the noes to the left,

:02:08.:02:12.

122. The ayes habit, the ayes habit! The bill will now move

:02:13.:02:16.

onto the Upper House - If the Lords make any

:02:17.:02:20.

changes to the bill, it will be considered again

:02:21.:02:23.

by the Commons. We can join Rob Watson

:02:24.:02:25.

at Westminster now. We knew this Bill was going to go

:02:26.:02:36.

through but what have we learned from the results? It is a moment of

:02:37.:02:44.

history. This will go down as a key moment in European history and

:02:45.:02:48.

Britain's departure from the European Union. What have we

:02:49.:02:54.

learned? That although most MPs personally voted to Remain, this was

:02:55.:02:59.

the power of the referendum, with most of the MPs despite what they

:03:00.:03:04.

think of the possible consequences of Brexit, falling in behind this

:03:05.:03:09.

love that Theresa May once past so she can fired the starting gun.

:03:10.:03:12.

Before they voted for the bill overall, MPs spent hours voting

:03:13.:03:14.

on amendments to the bill, none of them passed.

:03:15.:03:20.

The one that was getting the most attention was probably from Harriet

:03:21.:03:23.

Harman who said. Not enough of them date. Was that

:03:24.:03:41.

expected? Yes, it was. The interesting thing here is what that

:03:42.:03:44.

tells you about the process that lies ahead and the various

:03:45.:03:49.

complexities and big issues. We still don't know exactly how that

:03:50.:03:56.

will be resolved, what will happen to do the many EU nationals living

:03:57.:04:05.

here. I is trade going to work, how will banking work? Hi Will movement

:04:06.:04:11.

and immigration of people? Rather than getting bogged down with the

:04:12.:04:15.

Parliamentary process here in the UK, what was instructive about that

:04:16.:04:21.

is just how complex this process of Britain leaving the eerie -- leaving

:04:22.:04:23.

the European Union is likely to be. He's referring to this headline

:04:24.:04:26.

in The Herald newspaper - "Support for independence surges

:04:27.:04:31.

on hard Brexit vow". That is related to Theresa May

:04:32.:04:49.

saying that Britain will leave the single market. It doesn't

:04:50.:04:52.

necessarily mean we will get a second referendum, does it? It does,

:04:53.:04:58.

but those who wanted Britain to remain in the European Union feared

:04:59.:05:03.

his threat to the United Kingdom itself. The Scottish National Party

:05:04.:05:07.

sense an opportunity. The opinion polls may be moving in that

:05:08.:05:11.

direction. It is not a done deal that there is no doubt that the

:05:12.:05:16.

union of the United Kingdom is shakier now than it was some weeks

:05:17.:05:23.

and months ago. One final thoughts, what happens next is that Theresa

:05:24.:05:28.

May will be hoping to have this law and trigger the process of Britain

:05:29.:05:33.

leaving the European Union at an EU summit on the 9th of March. That is

:05:34.:05:39.

where a real challenge begins, getting a good deal with the other

:05:40.:05:45.

EU 27. The staff in the Parliament was a relative piece of cake. A lot

:05:46.:05:49.

of these MPs are deeply worried about Brexit and will be watching

:05:50.:05:56.

these negotiations closely indeed. Thank you very much. If you want

:05:57.:06:02.

lots of background information on the Brexit processed you can find it

:06:03.:06:07.

online at any time you wanted at our website that BBC News.

:06:08.:06:09.

Things are getting spikey in the US Senate.

:06:10.:06:11.

The confirmation hearing for Attorney General nominee

:06:12.:06:13.

But Democrat Senator Elizabeth Warren has been banned from speaking

:06:14.:06:24.

She'd read out a 30-year-old letter written by the widow

:06:25.:06:27.

The letter contains the accusation that Mr Sessions had "used

:06:28.:06:35.

the awesome powers of his office in a shabby attempt to intimidate

:06:36.:06:38.

The senator has impugned the motives and conduct of our member for

:06:39.:07:01.

Alabama. Senator Warren said Senator session has used the awesome power

:07:02.:07:05.

of his office to chill the free exercise of the vote by black

:07:06.:07:10.

citizens. I called the senator to order under the provision of rule

:07:11.:07:20.

19. Mr President... Mr President, I am surprised that the words of Mrs

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King are not suitable for debate in the United States Senate. I as leave

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of the Senate to continue my remarks.

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Mitch McConnell, the Republican majority leader, judged that to have

:07:34.:07:47.

Mitch McConnell, the Republican majority leader, judged that to have

:07:48.:07:53.

We can go to Washington now and join Anthony Zurcher.

:07:54.:07:59.

In trying to get quietened in this debate, they have Nato into a

:08:00.:08:09.

liberal marker. This is putting Elizabeth Warren in touch with the

:08:10.:08:13.

Democratic base and pushing her to the forefront of the 2020 race for

:08:14.:08:21.

the Democratic presidential nomination. They might have thought

:08:22.:08:26.

they were taking someone who was in punching the qualities of a

:08:27.:08:29.

colleague, but what they have done is turn this into a multi-day

:08:30.:08:34.

controversy. The data is captured looking ahead to the next

:08:35.:08:38.

presidential election! I can't help myself!

:08:39.:08:39.

Donald Trump addressed police chiefs earlier.

:08:40.:08:41.

Inevitably he turned to his travel ban which is currently suspended.

:08:42.:08:49.

I don't ever want to call a court biased, so I won't call it biased

:08:50.:08:58.

and we haven't had a decision yet. But courts seem to be so political

:08:59.:09:04.

and it would be so great for our justice system if they would be able

:09:05.:09:12.

to read a statement and do what is right, and that has to do with the

:09:13.:09:15.

security of our country, which is so important. Right now we are at risk

:09:16.:09:18.

because of what happened. A US Appeals court has

:09:19.:09:27.

said it will not deliver a ruling on Donald Trump's

:09:28.:09:31.

immigration ban today. How Washington -based journalist has

:09:32.:09:47.

said this. Would you agree with that analysis,

:09:48.:10:04.

or is that too strong? Donald Trump has profited over the course of his

:10:05.:10:08.

political rise in questioning established norms and political

:10:09.:10:13.

power structures. That is part of why his base like sin. It is unusual

:10:14.:10:18.

to see a president so directly question the judgment of the

:10:19.:10:22.

judicial system. He almost acknowledges that he is going to use

:10:23.:10:31.

-- lose this case. He is commenting on a court while they are

:10:32.:10:36.

extraordinary. I think he is trying extraordinary. I think he is trying

:10:37.:10:40.

to rally the base and laid the blame to rally the base and laid the blame

:10:41.:10:46.

of any future terrorist attacks of the judiciary because he

:10:47.:10:47.

think he will win in the court room. think he will win in the court room.

:10:48.:10:56.

Anthony, thank you very much. In a few minutes we will talk to a court

:10:57.:10:59.

case in Russia. Alexei Navalny is a leading Russian

:11:00.:11:01.

opposition figure and he's just been The former entertainer Rolf Harris

:11:02.:11:03.

has been found not guilty of three counts of indecent

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and sexual assault. A jury at Southwark Crown court

:11:16.:11:18.

was unable to reach verdicts on four The allegations in this trial

:11:19.:11:20.

spanned a 40-year period Our correspondent Sangita Myska has

:11:21.:11:23.

been at Southwark Crown Court. The prosecution has already asked to

:11:24.:11:37.

go our way to consider as to whether it can have a retrial on those kinds

:11:38.:11:42.

were the jury could not reach a verdict. In the meantime, Rolf

:11:43.:11:46.

Harris issued a statement in which he thanked the jury for the care and

:11:47.:11:51.

consideration and for clearing him of three counts of indecent assault

:11:52.:11:56.

today. Rolf Harris has protested his innocence throughout this trial but

:11:57.:12:00.

he did not walk out of court today a free man. Instead, he is heading

:12:01.:12:04.

back to Stanford prison because it is there that he is already serving

:12:05.:12:09.

a sentence for indecently assaulting four other women and girls. That

:12:10.:12:11.

trial was back in 2014. This is Outside Source live

:12:12.:12:19.

from the BBC newsroom. British MP's have voted

:12:20.:12:21.

for the Government to begin proceedings to leave the EU

:12:22.:12:26.

by a huge majority. South Africa's President,

:12:27.:12:35.

Jacob Zuma, has ordered the deployment of about 440 troops

:12:36.:12:40.

to maintain law and order in Parliament for his State

:12:41.:12:43.

of the Nation address on Thursday. Opposition parties have

:12:44.:12:48.

called the decision It's Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo -

:12:49.:12:49.

he was selected by MPs. The vote has been

:12:50.:12:58.

postponed for four years. But it finally happened

:12:59.:13:01.

at Mogadishu Airport, which one of the few places

:13:02.:13:03.

where security can be guaranteed. Somalia has not had a one-person

:13:04.:13:06.

one-vote democratic The Yemeni Government has told

:13:07.:13:08.

America it must coordinate with it on any future military missions

:13:09.:13:33.

on the ground. Last month a US commando

:13:34.:13:35.

raid didn't go plan. It happened on January 29th

:13:36.:13:37.

and targeted an al-Qaeda stronghold near a town called Al-Bayda

:13:38.:13:40.

in southern Yemen. More than a dozen civilians

:13:41.:13:42.

were killed, including children. Here's Mohamed Yehia

:13:43.:13:44.

from BBC Arabic. This story started this morning with

:13:45.:14:07.

withdrawal of permission from the Yemeni government to the American

:14:08.:14:13.

government to carry out ground operations. We have been trying all

:14:14.:14:16.

day to get through to the Yemeni government to ask this question but

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they have not applied. They said they did not withdraw permission for

:14:21.:14:25.

the Americans to conduct operations against Al-Qaeda and other terrorist

:14:26.:14:31.

groups, but they have reservations about the operations that happened

:14:32.:14:37.

on the 29th of January and they want to coordinate future operations with

:14:38.:14:44.

the Americans. The target was an Al-Qaeda base, heavily guarded

:14:45.:14:47.

cluster of buildings over there. Among the people killed the was an

:14:48.:14:55.

Al-Qaeda local commander, but he is also linked to tribal forces who are

:14:56.:15:04.

fighting people who are fighting alongside Saudi Arabia. This is

:15:05.:15:08.

where it gets murky and detentions get high amongst the Yemeni

:15:09.:15:10.

officials. So, in some ways they can be helpful

:15:11.:15:19.

in fighting the rebels? It is a web of intermingled tribals. But

:15:20.:15:25.

indirectly? The sky is thought to be an Al-Qaeda leader but he is also

:15:26.:15:29.

allied to tribal porters who are fighting against the who sees. We

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tried to bring you the best of information from around the world.

:15:43.:15:45.

Let's go to Russia. Russia's most prominent opposition

:15:46.:15:47.

leader is Alexei Navalny and he's has been given a five-year suspended

:15:48.:15:50.

sentence for embezzlement. This was a retrial and he got

:15:51.:15:52.

the the sentence is the same Navalny tweeted from the courtroom

:15:53.:15:55.

"Even the witness statements are Although this time they were of

:15:56.:16:00.

course in a different order. Navalny claims both trials

:16:01.:16:04.

were politically motivated. He was intending to run

:16:05.:16:07.

for president in 2018. This is his official

:16:08.:16:12.

campaign website. Today's verdict means

:16:13.:16:14.

he's barred from running TRANSLATION: what we have seen

:16:15.:16:36.

neither is a sort of telegrams sent from the Kremlin saying that they

:16:37.:16:41.

believe that I, my team and the people whose views I voice too

:16:42.:16:44.

dangerous to take part in the election campaign. Nevertheless, we

:16:45.:16:50.

don't recognise this ruling. It will be overturned. I have every right to

:16:51.:16:54.

take part in the election according to the Constitution and I will do

:16:55.:16:55.

so. I wanted to know if there is any

:16:56.:16:57.

evidence that this trial suffered OS regular Olga Ivshina from BBC

:16:58.:17:00.

Russian helped me out. The European Court of Human Rights

:17:01.:17:13.

has ruled that the case was politically motivated and that is

:17:14.:17:17.

the reason why the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation had to send

:17:18.:17:22.

this case for a retrial. If you carefully look at the materials of

:17:23.:17:27.

the case it is quite weird. Many guys who are giving testimony back

:17:28.:17:32.

in 2013 and this time the could not answer the questions, they could

:17:33.:17:36.

barely remember what was going on. There were more questions than

:17:37.:17:41.

answers in this case. The ruling of the European Court of Human Rights

:17:42.:17:46.

tells us a lot. How does a suspended sentence work in Russia? The thing

:17:47.:17:50.

that is important in this case is that according to the Russian

:17:51.:17:54.

Constitution, people found guilty of serious crimes, they are not allowed

:17:55.:18:00.

to run for presidential campaigns. They can't participate in any

:18:01.:18:04.

elections as a candidate. On the other hand, today's ruling put it

:18:05.:18:10.

all back to stage one. It is a huge saga now because temp can appeal,

:18:11.:18:15.

prosecutors can appeal and that will go back and forth. They can go up to

:18:16.:18:20.

the Supreme Court again and again he can go to the European Court of

:18:21.:18:23.

Human Rights. What is playing against Alexei Navalny this time

:18:24.:18:27.

because he wants to run for the presidential campaign and the last

:18:28.:18:31.

if you can register is December 2,000 17. This week President Putin

:18:32.:18:37.

signed into law and you measure that decriminalise some forms domestic

:18:38.:18:42.

violence, a first offence that results in minor harm to a woman

:18:43.:18:45.

such as lacerations or bruising is will not be considered criminal.

:18:46.:18:52.

This has caused huge controversy around the world. Is it causing

:18:53.:18:58.

controversy in Russia? Not that much, to be honest. There is an old

:18:59.:19:02.

Russian saying that if a husband beats you it mean to loves you. Not

:19:03.:19:10.

supported by many people. Domestic violence is spreading in Russia and

:19:11.:19:15.

according to activists of the 87% of the cases do not get reported, so

:19:16.:19:19.

nobody goes to the police and reports. He basically took corporate

:19:20.:19:26.

bad thing, saying that the law on domestic violence is not working,

:19:27.:19:30.

but the way they changed it has raised a lot of discussions because

:19:31.:19:34.

people are not reading laws that deeply. They heard on TV is that it

:19:35.:19:39.

this could spark a lot of violence. this could spark a lot of violence.

:19:40.:19:44.

Was it supported by a lot of women MPs? By a huge majority in the

:19:45.:19:49.

Russian State Parliament, but we need to remember that in that

:19:50.:19:53.

parliament party discipline very important, so if the chief of the

:19:54.:19:58.

party told them to vote they would because it is part of the

:19:59.:19:59.

discipline. US media giant Time Warner

:20:00.:20:11.

is in a pretty good It's released better than expected

:20:12.:20:14.

results for the fourth quarter - revenue is up 11.5% -

:20:15.:20:18.

and the company's CEO Jeff Bewkes said today

:20:19.:20:20.

the $85 billion merger with AT - CEO Randall Stephenson,

:20:21.:20:25.

is still on track. There's one problem though -

:20:26.:20:27.

this man is opposed to the deal. On the campaign trail he said "It's

:20:28.:20:30.

too much concentration of power Let's go to New York. Samir Ek, the

:20:31.:20:49.

president was not keen when he said the Pope would he have any influence

:20:50.:20:54.

over whether this happens? He has echoed those few since becoming

:20:55.:20:59.

president, saying that he does not believe that this merger should

:21:00.:21:06.

happen. If you look on the part of these two companies, Time Warner, it

:21:07.:21:12.

owns CNN. CNN has received quite a lot of press, so to speak, from

:21:13.:21:19.

Donald Trump. He does not like them as a media organisation. If you look

:21:20.:21:23.

at AT they are trying really hard to make sure this gets pushed

:21:24.:21:27.

through by regulators. It has been reported that they are on a big

:21:28.:21:31.

trump offensive in Washington and have more than a dozen lobbyists

:21:32.:21:36.

working behind the scenes to make sure that this gets pushed through.

:21:37.:21:40.

The one thing that is happening here that is interesting is that it is

:21:41.:21:45.

not just president Trump he is against it, but there are

:21:46.:21:52.

republicans and Democrats who have spoken out against this merger. It

:21:53.:21:55.

comes at a time in which we are seeing a lot of this kind of

:21:56.:21:57.

consolidation and that is bringing about some concern amongst people.

:21:58.:21:59.

Thank you very much. I got discrete from David dashed

:22:00.:22:10.

tweet from David in the UK saying interestingly, no coverage on the

:22:11.:22:14.

BBC of the Intel investment pledge yet. The problem was I had not been

:22:15.:22:19.

on air after I had heard of that story. Here is Donald Trump saying

:22:20.:22:26.

thanks to the CEO of Intel, a great investment of $7 billion in what he

:22:27.:22:31.

calls in American innovation and jobs. He has been at the White House

:22:32.:22:40.

talking with the president. This is Brian, you should say a few words.

:22:41.:22:47.

It is an honour to be here today representing Intel. To be able to

:22:48.:22:54.

announce our 7 billion dollar investment in the most advanced

:22:55.:22:59.

factory in Chandler, Arizona. We will be completing that factory to

:23:00.:23:04.

make the most advanced semiconductor chips on the planet.

:23:05.:23:10.

Let's look at the mania. A snowstorm, a mild earthquake, power

:23:11.:23:18.

blackouts have all been going on the people are still demonstrating and

:23:19.:23:23.

the temperature is minus three Celsius. It is day nine of these

:23:24.:23:29.

protests. Most of them have been happening in the capital, Bucharest.

:23:30.:23:31.

Here are some of the latest pictures. This all began after a

:23:32.:23:37.

decree that weakened anti-corruption laws. The decree was overturned at

:23:38.:23:42.

the weekend, but the protests go on. They want the government gone. Here

:23:43.:23:50.

are some protesters explaining why. We are keeping our petition strong

:23:51.:23:53.

and we want our government to resign because we can't trust them. They

:23:54.:23:59.

come in in the middle of the night to pass corrupt laws for corrupt

:24:00.:24:03.

politicians. We will keep coming every night until they resign. We

:24:04.:24:12.

want to make the point that you cannot accuse the people like this

:24:13.:24:16.

and sustain power. It will not happen any more. Today the

:24:17.:24:21.

government survived a no-confidence vote. The president has also been

:24:22.:24:29.

dying talking to the protesters. The president has a largely ceremonial

:24:30.:24:32.

role, but the protesters were shouting for him to resign of the

:24:33.:24:34.

same. Today the focus shifted to

:24:35.:24:44.

Parliament and a no-confidence vote in the social Democrat Liberal

:24:45.:24:48.

coalition government. On paper there are still strong, only being in

:24:49.:24:52.

power a month, but in practice they have been badly wounded by the size

:24:53.:24:58.

of the protest against them. This is a country were demonstrations are

:24:59.:25:02.

often successful, only two years ago a previous social Democratic

:25:03.:25:07.

government was brought down, also after a corruption scandal.

:25:08.:25:10.

Protesters are well organised with excellent communications. The

:25:11.:25:16.

protesters have an important ally in the president. When he accused the

:25:17.:25:21.

governing social Democrats of defending their own corrupt

:25:22.:25:26.

interests, the MPs left the chamber. All eyes in Romania are not on what

:25:27.:25:32.

the government will do next. Just had a message from somebody watching

:25:33.:25:38.

in Mumbai in India saying there is more online on the story about the

:25:39.:25:40.

main opposition figure in Russia being given a five-year suspended

:25:41.:25:45.

sentence. If you go to the front page of the BBC News website, click

:25:46.:25:49.

on the Europe tag and you will find extensive coverage of that. I will

:25:50.:25:53.

be back with you in a couple of minutes for the second half of

:25:54.:25:55.

outside source. Memories of the drought that has

:25:56.:26:11.

been gripping California over recent years quickly fading away. Another

:26:12.:26:15.

weather system is moving in from the Pacific to bring heavy rain, not

:26:16.:26:19.

that we need any more that just at the moment because we have seen some

:26:20.:26:24.

pretty nasty flooding in parts of California over recent days. Roads

:26:25.:26:28.

have been turned to rivers. There is more rain on the way. Across the

:26:29.:26:32.

north-east of the United States it is a different problem. The pressure

:26:33.:26:36.

will bring a spell of snow as we head through the

:26:37.:26:53.

night into Thursday. Anyone planning to catch a transatlantic flight bear

:26:54.:26:57.

this in mind as it could get as much as 25 centimetres of snow. There

:26:58.:27:00.

will be disruption to the roads and airports and it could be flight

:27:01.:27:02.

cancellations. This was the scene in Vancouver, and mass snowball fight

:27:03.:27:05.

as we have seen lots of heavy still here over recent days. There will be

:27:06.:27:07.

more of that before the snow turns back to rain on Thursday. We have a

:27:08.:27:10.

relatively mild there are pushing into the midwest, bitterly cold and

:27:11.:27:12.

central Canada. Temperatures as a maximum of -15 in Winnipeg. In

:27:13.:27:17.

Europe, a big area of high pressure in Scandinavia, cold easterly winds

:27:18.:27:21.

feeding in across much of Eastern Europe brings cloudy skies and snow

:27:22.:27:26.

flurries. By the skies in the Mediterranean, bringing rough seas

:27:27.:27:30.

and gale force gusts of wind and outbreaks of rain that will be back

:27:31.:27:34.

in Corsica, Sardinia and mainland Italy and Sicily. Some of those

:27:35.:27:41.

heavy showers will move into the North of Tunisia and north-east

:27:42.:27:48.

Algeria as we go through Thursday. In our weather, the clues to what is

:27:49.:27:53.

happening lie in the jet stream. War on terror is being pushed up into

:27:54.:27:57.

the Arctic, building this big area of high pressure in Scandinavia that

:27:58.:28:01.

is going nowhere fast in the next few days. On the southern flanker

:28:02.:28:10.

that high, we get these winds moving across the continent into the UK.

:28:11.:28:13.

Temperatures will be below par for the next few days and the rest of

:28:14.:28:17.

the week will be cloudy. It will turn colder and the cloud will be

:28:18.:28:21.

thick enough for some snow showers at times. Here is the picture to

:28:22.:28:25.

take us through the night. A lot of cloud around, but under the clear

:28:26.:28:29.

skies it will be cold. The temperature potentially getting down

:28:30.:28:33.

to -3 in western parts of England, Scotland and Wales. Temperatures

:28:34.:28:39.

hovering close to freezing on the East Coast because we have that

:28:40.:28:44.

cloud here back could turn to snow overnight into Thursday. There could

:28:45.:28:49.

be some slight accumulation in some places, but otherwise I cloudy and

:28:50.:28:53.

cold day with a bitter wind. That is your latest weather. Bye for now.

:28:54.:30:16.

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins - this is Outside Source.

:30:17.:30:18.

Brexit gets a step closer to happening.

:30:19.:30:23.

The bill was never in any doubt, but a key amendment guaranteeing

:30:24.:30:33.

the rights of EU nationals already in the UK was not passed.

:30:34.:30:36.

Donald Trump is unhappy with how long it's taking

:30:37.:30:38.

Mark Urban's been investigating how easy it'll be to get things done

:30:39.:30:42.

There is no obedience with this Congress and there never has been

:30:43.:30:54.

but I do not think with this president, there will be.

:30:55.:30:55.

The Dakota Access oil pipeline was the focus of mass protests

:30:56.:30:58.

Its construction had been suspended, but now it's got the go-ahead

:30:59.:31:02.

And Qatar is spending $500 million a week on World Cup preparations.

:31:03.:31:07.

We'll look at what it's getting for its money.

:31:08.:31:38.

As Donald Trump keeps reminding us the confirmation hearings

:31:39.:31:40.

Today, the Senate will vote Jeff Sessions, who is Donald Trump's

:31:41.:31:44.

And the President isn't happy about the pace of this.

:31:45.:31:48.

"It is a disgrace that my full Cabinet

:31:49.:31:50.

is still not in place, the longest such delay

:31:51.:31:52.

That's not true, by the way - it's not the longest such delay.

:31:53.:32:02.

Anyhow, it is very likely Mr Trump will get the cabinet he wants.

:32:03.:32:05.

But he will still face significant challenges

:32:06.:32:07.

if he wants his main policies through.

:32:08.:32:09.

And this next report, by the Mark Urban from the BBC's

:32:10.:32:12.

Newsnight programme, looks at just that.

:32:13.:32:15.

You can come here, promising to drain the swamp or dethrone

:32:16.:32:17.

the establishment, but this city has a way of protecting its interests,

:32:18.:32:20.

slowing down those who challenge its ways.

:32:21.:32:22.

So the Trump administration's process of nominating a Cabinet

:32:23.:32:24.

This level of obstruction at the beginning of an administration

:32:25.:32:29.

is really record-setting in a very unfortunate way.

:32:30.:32:31.

While the Senate have blamed the Democrats for the go slow,

:32:32.:32:34.

they don't have the numbers to wreck Trump's agenda.

:32:35.:32:40.

Rather, it's doubts among Republicans that could pose the most

:32:41.:32:42.

Keen to impress the people who voted for him, President Trump has signed

:32:43.:32:46.

some highly significant and emotive executive orders.

:32:47.:32:48.

But you can't run the country by those alone, particularly when it

:32:49.:32:51.

comes to spending money or changing existing laws.

:32:52.:33:03.

For that, you need to go up to the Hill and get people

:33:04.:33:06.

Thousands of people work on the Hill in offices so widely spread,

:33:07.:33:14.

Things here travel at the speed legislators can work with.

:33:15.:33:25.

As many presidents elected on a reform ticket have discovered.

:33:26.:33:36.

John has been a Hill insider for the best part of 20 years.

:33:37.:33:39.

With a Republican majority of just two in the Senate,

:33:40.:33:41.

he sees particular risks there for the White House.

:33:42.:33:45.

The members of the Senate especially, because they have

:33:46.:33:47.

these six-year terms, they have tremendous power, they can

:33:48.:33:49.

gum up the works any time they want, and you'll see that,

:33:50.:33:52.

especially for some Republicans who don't really like Donald Trump

:33:53.:33:54.

or trust him, they will step up and say what they feel.

:33:55.:34:05.

So there is no obedience with this Congress, there never has been but,

:34:06.:34:09.

but especially with this President, I don't think there ever will be.

:34:10.:34:12.

The combination, seen with the nomination Betsy DeVos,

:34:13.:34:14.

of Democrats keen to thwart Trump voting with a small number

:34:15.:34:16.

of dissident Republicans could pose all manner of problems

:34:17.:34:19.

To avoid them, he must stick to policies where

:34:20.:34:22.

he and Congressional Republicans are on the same page.

:34:23.:34:24.

I believe in the need for bilateral agreements with the UK or Japan,

:34:25.:34:27.

We all agree that our tax code is overly complex,

:34:28.:34:42.

there are over 70,000 pages in our tax code, it's too complex.

:34:43.:34:54.

People want it simpler, fairer and in many respects flatter.

:34:55.:34:57.

So that's something we should be focused on and I think

:34:58.:34:59.

we'll find common ground with the administration.

:35:00.:35:01.

Among those on powerful Senate committees, there are already key

:35:02.:35:03.

figures who now challenge Trump on issues such as the handling

:35:04.:35:06.

of his immigrant ban or his professed admiration

:35:07.:35:08.

Are you worried by what the President's been saying?

:35:09.:35:13.

There have been a lot of things said that I wouldn't

:35:14.:35:16.

say but I think that, as time moves on, there'll

:35:17.:35:18.

be a much more coming together on those issues.

:35:19.:35:21.

I think that the administration is just getting going and my sense

:35:22.:35:24.

is that, in the very near future, things will be in the

:35:25.:35:26.

On nominations, health care or Russian sanctions,

:35:27.:35:46.

Trump campaign trail pledges are already being modified

:35:47.:35:48.

As the President starts to spend money, that will intensify.

:35:49.:36:10.

It might know it is time for Outside Source Sport. -- now it is time for.

:36:11.:36:19.

For the first time, a women's bout will headline a night of boxing

:36:20.:36:22.

Star of the show is Claressa Shields.

:36:23.:36:25.

She's the most successful amateur boxer in US history,

:36:26.:36:27.

and a two-time Olympic gold medallist.

:36:28.:36:28.

Now to Hugh Woozencroft, at the BBC Sport Centre.

:36:29.:36:30.

I guess despite her success this is still a sizeable leap up? Yes,

:36:31.:36:34.

hello. It is a sizeable leap. Well, it's interesting, isn't it,

:36:35.:36:38.

the rise of mixed martial arts in recent years has

:36:39.:36:40.

included women's fights? And that popularity,

:36:41.:36:42.

led by the likes of Ronda Rousey, Following that extra

:36:43.:36:45.

attention in women's bouts come more sponsorship

:36:46.:36:47.

and more money and quality. Now the quality in women's boxing

:36:48.:36:49.

has been there for a long long time, so could the rise in professional

:36:50.:36:52.

female boxers spur American Claressa Shields

:36:53.:36:55.

headlines when she takes on Hungary's Szilvia Szabados

:36:56.:37:11.

for North American Boxing Federation title in Detroit

:37:12.:37:13.

on the 10th of March. Shields is just 21, but took Olympic

:37:14.:37:15.

middleweight gold in 2008 and 2012 and with the likes of Olympic

:37:16.:37:18.

champion Katie Taylor of Ireland and Great Britain's Nicola Adams

:37:19.:37:21.

also leaving amateur boxing in favour of the professional ranks,

:37:22.:37:23.

I think we can expect to see much A good start. And just ask you about

:37:24.:37:45.

the FA Cup game? Yes, the replay in the FA Cup between Derby County and

:37:46.:37:51.

Leicester City has just finished. We will see extra time to see which of

:37:52.:37:55.

these two says will get through to the last 16. As it has finished 1-1

:37:56.:38:08.

at full-time. Thank you, and you can keep up-to-date with that on the BBC

:38:09.:38:13.

sport web page. Take a look at this guy and remember

:38:14.:38:16.

the name - Mohit Ahlawat. He could be cricket's

:38:17.:38:19.

next big thing. He's 21, and has hit 300 in a local

:38:20.:38:21.

Twenty20 match in Delhi. He scored at four runs a ball -

:38:22.:38:24.

which, if you're not into cricket, This was taking place

:38:25.:38:27.

in a game in Delhi. He was playing against a team

:38:28.:38:32.

called Friends 11 - how unfriendly Mohit

:38:33.:38:34.

was to their bowlers! 39, and let me just repeat that -

:38:35.:38:36.

39, sixes he hit, and he also added 14 fours,

:38:37.:38:39.

when he couldn't be bothered He needed 50, basically,

:38:40.:38:42.

off the last two overs. He finished hitting

:38:43.:38:45.

five consecutive sixes. When asked afterwards,

:38:46.:38:46.

he said he felt that he was Continuing our commitment

:38:47.:38:49.

to covering sports that's don't get much coverage,

:38:50.:39:07.

let me show the final moments It doesn't matter how many of these

:39:08.:39:17.

you have potted before, and he has done millions of them, it is the

:39:18.:39:19.

World Championships, the big one. There were entrants from the UK,

:39:20.:39:20.

France, Norway, Ireland, He is perfect, absolutely plum. He

:39:21.:39:22.

from Shooters Sports Bar He is perfect, absolutely plum. He

:39:23.:39:42.

could pot- both... Pot-shot, there will be each cheer after this. And

:39:43.:39:46.

that is the one that clinched it. Congratulations to Craig.

:39:47.:39:49.

We've also been in touch with international bodies

:39:50.:39:51.

for downhill skateboarding, kite surfing, table tennis

:39:52.:39:52.

More under-reported sports next week on Outside Source.

:39:53.:39:55.

Have you seen how much Qatar is spending on hosting the World Cup?

:39:56.:40:10.

New figures put it at $500 million - a week.

:40:11.:40:13.

By the time it comes round in 2022, it's predicted the bill will be more

:40:14.:40:16.

Brazil spent $11 billion in 2014.

:40:17.:40:20.

Russia is expected to spend $10.7 billion on the 2018 event.

:40:21.:40:23.

This is what the country's finance minister said:

:40:24.:40:39.

With that kind of spending, you wouldn't think there would be

:40:40.:40:42.

What the finance minister was saying, I think,

:40:43.:40:51.

was two things and one was reassurance, because Qatar,

:40:52.:40:53.

like other Gulf countries, has faced quite a fall

:40:54.:40:56.

in its revenue in the last couple of years.

:40:57.:40:58.

There have been a number of cutbacks in a number of its businesses.

:40:59.:41:01.

What he is making clear is that will not affect

:41:02.:41:03.

What he is also making clear, in a sense, is that $200 million,

:41:04.:41:08.

if that is all being spent specifically on the stadiums

:41:09.:41:10.

and the footballing aspect of the World Cup, then that

:41:11.:41:12.

absolutely dwarfs any spending has ever been before in a World Cup.

:41:13.:41:29.

What he was saying is this is the infrastructure

:41:30.:41:32.

being built around it - roads, transport, hotels,

:41:33.:41:33.

So in a sense Qatar is using this a reason to continue with...

:41:34.:41:38.

Obviously there has been huge building for years in Qatar,

:41:39.:41:40.

but to make it infrastructure even bigger and stronger,

:41:41.:41:42.

with the World Cup being the target it is aiming for.

:41:43.:41:45.

And I guess with this huge increase in construction,

:41:46.:41:47.

more questions about how the construction is working,

:41:48.:41:49.

the conditions in which people are working under?

:41:50.:41:51.

Yes, I mean the problem Qatar has with its migrant workers is one

:41:52.:41:54.

again faced across the whole of the Gulf, where they don't have

:41:55.:41:57.

rights - although there are laws which are supposed to protect them,

:41:58.:42:00.

they are not always enforced, and Qatar has faced

:42:01.:42:02.

There have been reports that workers have died on the site.

:42:03.:42:13.

It has turned out I think that most of the deaths that have been

:42:14.:42:17.

reported have not actually be directly connected with

:42:18.:42:18.

the World Cup, but there have been many calls internationally

:42:19.:42:21.

from governments to rights organisations that they need

:42:22.:42:23.

They promised a couple of months ago that there would be

:42:24.:42:27.

Every time a country hosts the World Cup,

:42:28.:42:40.

whether it's South Africa or Brazil, or any others, there is an internal

:42:41.:42:44.

discussion about whether this is money well spent.

:42:45.:42:46.

I don't think that kind of discussion quite happens in Qatar.

:42:47.:42:50.

It has not reached a stage where money is so short

:42:51.:42:53.

that they have to be concerned, but Qatar, like other

:42:54.:42:55.

Gulf countries, again, is going to be undergoing certain

:42:56.:42:57.

changes in the way that it provides for its people

:42:58.:42:59.

VAT, for instance, is going to be introduced across the Gulf.

:43:00.:43:10.

It could be the first element of tax actually being brought in,

:43:11.:43:13.

and obviously when you start having tax people become more

:43:14.:43:15.

concerned about the way their money is being spent.

:43:16.:43:18.

So that process may begin to start happening by the time

:43:19.:43:20.

of the World Cup, but for now I don't think we have to worry.

:43:21.:43:31.

They have a tiny population - 90% of the population

:43:32.:43:34.

Massively bolstered by the numbers, the hundreds of thousands,

:43:35.:43:37.

who comes specifically for the World Cup.

:43:38.:43:46.

You will remember we were covering protests over a proposed oil

:43:47.:43:54.

pipeline in Dakota. President Obama suspended that and President Trump

:43:55.:43:57.

has now intervened and it looks like it will now go ahead. We will bring

:43:58.:43:58.

you details on that. A woman has won an appeal

:43:59.:44:06.

to the Supreme Court after being denied payments

:44:07.:44:08.

from her late partner's Chris Buckler reports

:44:09.:44:10.

on the significance of the case. Denise Brewster had lived

:44:11.:44:19.

with her fiance, Lenny, for ten years and they were making

:44:20.:44:21.

plans for their future. When I look at this picture,

:44:22.:44:24.

I think that's just how we were. He was a fun loving guy,

:44:25.:44:28.

he had lots of friends. But in 2009, just days after

:44:29.:44:31.

they got engaged, he died suddenly. It was such a difficult time and it

:44:32.:44:39.

will always remain difficult for me. But I feel Lenny has

:44:40.:44:42.

given me strength at For 15 years, Lenny worked

:44:43.:44:44.

for Translink, which provides public transport in Northern Ireland and,

:44:45.:44:56.

during that time, like many workers, he paid into a local

:44:57.:44:58.

government pension scheme, which he thought would provide

:44:59.:45:00.

some security for him But when he died, Denise

:45:01.:45:03.

was informed she wouldn't benefit. Because Denise wasn't married,

:45:04.:45:11.

she was told that she wasn't Her partner would have had to have

:45:12.:45:13.

filled out this, a nomination form. She argued that that was a lawful

:45:14.:45:21.

discrimination and today the Supreme Court ruled

:45:22.:45:24.

in her favour. We say that she is entitled

:45:25.:45:25.

to receive a pension and that the nomination requirement

:45:26.:45:28.

should no longer be applied. It's a ruling that could benefit

:45:29.:45:30.

the partners of some other public sector workers like nurses,

:45:31.:45:33.

teachers and civil servants although that could depend

:45:34.:45:35.

on the rules of each There are over 6 million

:45:36.:45:37.

people across the country Many of them are in company

:45:38.:45:47.

pension schemes, public sector pension schemes,

:45:48.:45:50.

and they should be treated equally So I hope all pension schemes

:45:51.:45:52.

will review their rules And the woman who fought this case

:45:53.:45:56.

hopes it will provide greater At least I just had to defend

:45:57.:46:00.

for myself and I had to take my hardships but,

:46:01.:46:06.

when you have other families that have a young daughter or son

:46:07.:46:09.

who are losing their daddy or their mummy, and then

:46:10.:46:12.

they have the financial burden on top of that,

:46:13.:46:14.

the inequality and the injustice And this is a judgment which perhaps

:46:15.:46:16.

reflects changes to what the word This is Outside Source,

:46:17.:46:21.

live from the BBC newsroom. British MPs have voted

:46:22.:46:48.

for the Government to begin proceedings to leave the EU

:46:49.:46:52.

by a huge majority. If you're outside of the UK,

:46:53.:46:54.

it's World News America next. With no decision expected

:46:55.:47:02.

on the travel ban today, they'll be looking at the mood

:47:03.:47:04.

in the US administration with the help of the Time magazines

:47:05.:47:07.

White House correspondent. Here in the UK, the

:47:08.:47:12.

News at Ten is next. Our Europe editor Katya Adler has

:47:13.:47:19.

been looking at the rise of populist Earlier the International Committee

:47:20.:47:23.

of the Red Cross in Afghanistan Confirming that six of its staff had

:47:24.:47:46.

been killed in Afghanistan. We know this happened in the north of the

:47:47.:47:52.

country and an convoy were missing -- an aid convoy was missing.

:47:53.:47:58.

Drivers and five field officers were on their way to deliver some

:47:59.:48:14.

livestock to the needy people of a village in this northern

:48:15.:48:17.

province of Afghanistan, that they were stopped on the way,

:48:18.:48:19.

Six of them were killed, two of them were kidnapped, and we do not know

:48:20.:48:24.

Now, the local officials tell the BBC that they have sent

:48:25.:48:28.

a delegation of elders to that area controlled mainly by Uzbek

:48:29.:48:31.

and militants related to either Isis or Daesh to try to reach a deal

:48:32.:48:34.

to try to release the two staff members.

:48:35.:48:38.

to try to release the two staff members of ICRC.

:48:39.:48:41.

The Taliban, the Afghan government, the ICRC have all have

:48:42.:48:43.

all condemned the attack, and no one has yet taken

:48:44.:48:45.

responsibility for this killing and kidnapping,

:48:46.:48:47.

but the police chief of the province tells us that this area

:48:48.:48:50.

is where most militants loyal to Isis or Daesh operate.

:48:51.:49:10.

Lets move from Afghanistan to North Dakota...

:49:11.:49:12.

The final stage of a controversial oil pipeline in North Dakota has

:49:13.:49:15.

These are pictures from today and also from protests in the past.

:49:16.:49:26.

Opponents of the pipeline have called for worldwide

:49:27.:49:28.

These pictures are from today but the rest

:49:29.:49:34.

The protestors are mainly made up of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

:49:35.:49:38.

This is the background to this story.

:49:39.:49:43.

The pipeline is supposed to cross four states,

:49:44.:49:45.

to transport crude oil to a terminal in Illinois.

:49:46.:49:52.

Most of it is already built, except for this bit -

:49:53.:50:02.

the section closest to the Standing Rock

:50:03.:50:04.

Members of the tribe say the construction

:50:05.:50:06.

will damage their water supplies and ancestral cultural sites.

:50:07.:50:08.

These protests helped lead to the suspension of construction.

:50:09.:50:11.

That decision has been reversed by Donald Trump.

:50:12.:50:19.

The BBC's Peter Bowes is covering the story from Los Angeles.

:50:20.:50:22.

I asked him if there's anything the protesters can do at this stage.

:50:23.:50:25.

They can go to court and file an injunction hoping to stop the

:50:26.:50:34.

issuing of the permit, as it is known, the easement, that helps the

:50:35.:50:38.

company behind this pipeline. It would potentially stop them from

:50:39.:50:42.

starting the drilling necessary to install this final one mile section

:50:43.:50:46.

of this pipeline. Time is not on the side of the Sioux tribe, the

:50:47.:50:53.

Standing Rock Tribe, and this needs to happen very quickly, because that

:50:54.:50:57.

permit is likely to be issued later on today, which means the drilling

:50:58.:51:01.

could start as early as tomorrow. Presumably those who support the

:51:02.:51:05.

drilling or do they do respect this tribe and they do respect the

:51:06.:51:10.

importance of their water supply? Yes, they do, and they also say

:51:11.:51:15.

there is no mac danger. The company says the pipeline is entirely safe

:51:16.:51:21.

in its view, however local people disagree with that and they say, and

:51:22.:51:26.

they were gratified by the actions of the Obama administration in the

:51:27.:51:32.

middle of December, just a few weeks ago, really, which halted this

:51:33.:51:36.

project pending a further longer term environmental review of the

:51:37.:51:40.

situation. That review would have been followed by consultation with

:51:41.:51:44.

local people. What Donald Trump has done since taking office is

:51:45.:51:49.

expediting the process, essentially telling the army he wanted a quick

:51:50.:51:53.

decision, and that is what has come in the last 24 hours, which means

:51:54.:51:57.

this is very likely to go ahead. Presumably it is a tough time to

:51:58.:52:02.

protest against this one, firstly because of the weather, and secondly

:52:03.:52:07.

because Donald Trump is president, so protests are likely to be focused

:52:08.:52:11.

in Washington rather than North Dakota? Yes, it is a very remote

:52:12.:52:16.

area. As you mentioned, protests around this project have been

:52:17.:52:20.

global. It has really garnered a lot of support set around this country

:52:21.:52:24.

but globally as well. But in terms of physical protest, getting to this

:52:25.:52:27.

area and getting their very quickly is actually quite difficult. That

:52:28.:52:31.

may pose a problem but certainly from the statements issued by the

:52:32.:52:35.

Standing Rock Tribe tripe and others, they are determined to keep

:52:36.:52:39.

this fighting and ticket to the courts if it comes to -- the Sioux

:52:40.:52:41.

tribe. The top story today, MPs in

:52:42.:52:51.

Westminster have supported a bill in the House of Commons to allow the UK

:52:52.:52:56.

to start formal negotiations with the European Union to trigger its

:52:57.:53:00.

exit, triggering Article 50. Nigel Farage, former leader of the UK

:53:01.:53:08.

Independence party, has said... Of course until we get to the end of

:53:09.:53:12.

those negotiations we cannot know the form Brexit will take. What we

:53:13.:53:17.

do know now is that Prime Minister Theresa May is in a position to go

:53:18.:53:20.

to the European Union with the backing of the House of Commons, to

:53:21.:53:25.

trigger article 50 and begin those two years of negotiations, and of

:53:26.:53:28.

course we will be covering that every step of the way here on

:53:29.:53:31.

Outside Source. Just quickly, if you are a football fan, let me bring up

:53:32.:53:37.

some news coming through the BBC newsroom, to update you on that FA

:53:38.:53:49.

Cup game we were speaking about earlier. The game between the

:53:50.:53:51.

Premier League champions Leicester, and Derby. Leicester are in front.

:53:52.:53:54.

That is not a full-time results and keep an eye on the BBC sport app to

:53:55.:53:57.

find out which we that one goes. That is Outside Source for tonight.

:53:58.:54:01.

Thank you for

:54:02.:54:02.