Mon, 06 Feb 2017 Ffermio


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Mon, 06 Feb 2017

Bydd Meinir yn Mart Caerfyrddin ac Alun yn cwrdd a dau ifanc sydd am lwyddo yn y byd amaeth. Alun meets two young people who are keen to pursue a career in agriculture.


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-The past two years have been hell

-for many Welsh dairy farmers.

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-However,

-there is a glimmer of hope...

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-..as many companies increase prices.

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-But we have to wonder

-how long this will continue.

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-Coming up, we'll be finding out

-how Glynllifon College...

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-..tests the fitness of cows.

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-Alun meets two young men using the

-most potent of weapons, knowledge.

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-We go down to the mart sometimes...

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-..and everyone complains

-that they're being robbed blind.

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-That's not what you want to hear.

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-If that's how they feel,

-why do they carry on?

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-Last week, representatives from

-Beef and Lamb New Zealand Ltd...

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-..met with Meat Promotion Wales to

-discuss the future of lamb sales...

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-..as a result of the uncertainty

-of future contracts.

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-A day earlier,

-Lesley Griffiths said...

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-..that the Welsh sheep industry

-could be destroyed...

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-..if there was a free trade

-agreement with New Zealand.

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-The strongest brands in the world

-are New Zealand lamb and Welsh lamb.

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-We compete with them

-in many markets.

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-Talking with them isn't a problem.

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-It's to our advantage

-to understand their problems...

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-..how they see the market

-and vice versa.

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-There is an opportunity

-after Brexit...

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-..for us to work together to promote

-lamb products across the world.

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-When their lamb arrives

-early in the year...

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-..it ensures that there is lamb

-on the supermarket shelves.

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-People get used to eating lamb.

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-That's how I want to see

-New Zealand lamb coming in.

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-However, imports in summer,

-when we are producing lamb...

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-..are wholly unacceptable.

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-We have made that perfectly clear.

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-Andrew Morrison

-is one of the directors of BLNZ...

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-..Beef and Lamb New Zealand.

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-Our challenges

-are always the fact...

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-..that sheep meat consumption

-the world over is being challenged.

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-We are always challenged on price...

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-..but it's the consumption

-that's driving that.

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-That's what we're keen

-to discuss today.

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-There's always a focus on Brexit

-but that's outside of our control.

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-We're seeking opportunities, and

-to keep lines of communication open.

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-We've said from the start...

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-..we need to maintain access

-to the single market.

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-We export

-up to 40% of Welsh produce.

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-90% of those exports go to Europe.

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-It will take time for us

-to find a new market for that...

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-..if we don't have assurance

-of access to the single market.

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-We need tariff-free access

-for our exports.

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-It must be a totally free market.

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-The worst scenario would be

-losing single market status...

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-..and facing a WTO tariff

-of up to 40% on our lamb...

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-..while on the same day...

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-..there's a free trade deal

-with New Zealand and Australia.

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-We would then see an increase of

-produce from those countries here.

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-I'd call that the perfect storm.

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-It's market day at Carmarthen Mart.

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-Low milk prices have meant

-a decrease in value of dairy cattle.

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-That's a double blow for farmers

-and anyone involved in the industry.

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-There are over 500 calves and

-100 cattle being sold here today.

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-As some companies

-raise milk prices...

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-..what effect will that have

-on the market?

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-You can see prices

-change straight away...

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-..as prices come through

-to the farmer...

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-..either through milk prices,

-cattle prices or calf prices.

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-In general, milk prices

-are slowly increasing.

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-Do you see that continuing?

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-They've been rising

-until very recently.

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-What's worrying is that the

-spot price has come back a little.

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-That shows

-through supply and demand...

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-..that milk production

-is coming to the same level...

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-..as the producers require.

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-Most dairy farms are family farms.

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-They've been able to cope with

-poor prices for the last two years.

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-They've cut costs

-as much as they could.

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-They've come through the lean times.

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-Hopefully, they can prosper

-in the good times to come.

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-What effect

-has bovine TB had on the market...

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-..and the number of cattle

-available?

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-Bovine TB has a major effect...

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-..on the number of cattle

-we have at the market.

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-You need a good number of cattle

-at the market to attract the buyers.

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-In terms of buyers who have lost

-cattle and been compensated...

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-..we're hoping they come back

-to the market to buy.

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-How have prices been today?

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-How have prices been today?

-

-Excellent, from start to finish.

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-We hit a high of 1,950

-with three different dairy cows.

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-We had four or five heifers

-that went for a bit less than that.

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-The male calves

-went for a maximum of 380...

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-..and 320 for female calves.

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-Cattle prices

-have been very reassuring today.

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-But what's the general feeling

-in the dairy industry currently?

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-Milk prices aren't too bad.

-They're better than they've been.

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-It's been a slow time for me.

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-Slow and steady is the way to go.

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-What's your system?

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-We've moved to rearing

-where we used to buy.

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-Because we were closed down with TB,

-we couldn't produce enough milk.

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-We had a lot of calves on the farm.

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-Government policy forces us to

-change our system again and again.

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-We hope we're alright now.

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-You sell farm machinery.

-How has it affected you?

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-I think that last year

-was the worst ever.

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-It's livened up a bit

-since Christmas.

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-I think farmers

-have a bit more confidence.

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-I'm sure they have.

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-A pilot scheme at Glynllifon College

-is trying to discover...

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-..whether the fitness of cattle

-over winter helps them with calving.

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-Daloni has more.

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-The new Fitbits for Cows scheme...

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-..is being funded

-by Arloesi Gwynedd Wledig...

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-..to help develop new technology

-in the agricultural sector.

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-As part of the scheme, pedometers

-will be fitted on cattle...

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-..to measure

-the distance they walk...

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-..and its effect on their ability

-to produce high-quality calves.

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-Glynllifon farm manager Rhodri Owen

-is responsible for the experiment.

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-Rhodri, how will these Fitbits work?

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-We're fitting them

-on ten outdoor cattle...

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-..and ten indoor cattle this winter.

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-So, ten of these will have Fitbits?

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-So, ten of these will have Fitbits?

-

-Yes.

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-They will obviously move more

-than those in the shed.

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-We'll measure over the winter

-how many metres they walk.

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-We also want to measure

-how easily they give birth...

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-..and how strong the calf is

-on its feet.

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-So the cattle in this field...

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-..will be out all winter.

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-They're out. They haven't been in

-this year or last year.

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-We think that the system

-of wintering outside works for us.

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-We think there's more to it

-than cutting costs.

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-There's a health benefit

-to them being kept outside.

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-We can measure

-how much the animals inside move...

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-..and keep track of their condition

-scores and how easy calving is...

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-..and compare it to cows that maybe

-walk hundreds of metres a day...

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-..with a system like this.

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-It should prove

-that there is an element...

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-..of health and welfare

-in having cattle outside.

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-How does your system of wintering

-some cattle outdoors work?

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-It starts in the summer,

-when we start planning.

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-We take a second cut of silage.

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-We spray what's left and plough it.

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-We drill the field directly then.

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-We set big bales

-in the pattern of grazing we want.

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-It's a matter of preparing a crop

-ready for the winter.

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-A sheltered field with plenty

-of hedges and trees is crucial.

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-We'll also need dry hedges

-on the outside.

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-Drilling directly means

-that the soil is still quite firm.

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-You can feel it underfoot.

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-It stays quite dry

-and doesn't cut up too much.

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-Obviously,

-the rest of the field has cut up.

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-More and more farmers

-use new technology as they farm.

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-Arloesi Gwynedd Wledig

-organizes seminars...

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-..alongside the pilot scheme,

-to share data with local farmers.

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-We're a social enterprise piloting

-pioneering projects in Gwynedd.

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-One of our themes

-is in the digital field.

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-The LEADER Programme.

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-We pilot innovative projects

-in the digital field.

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-We've partnered with Glynllifon

-College to develop this project.

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-It's the first project of its kind

-in Wales.

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-We're looking forward to

-the developments that come from it.

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-So, how does the project work?

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-Who does what?

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-Arloesi Gwynedd Wledig

-is funding the project...

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-..because we want to see

-pioneering projects...

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-..succeeding in the county.

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-It'll open doors for farmers

-in Gwynedd in the digital field.

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-It'll make their lives easier.

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-We want their ideas about what else

-we can pilot in the county.

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-We've got an event here tonight

-with a specialist dairy engineer.

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-He'll show how digital developments

-have helped over recent years.

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-Were the audience impressed

-by the new technologies?

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-Some great ideas.

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-I think I may take some of it home

-to improve efficiency.

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-It was very interesting,

-listening to Tom Allison speak...

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-..about what they do

-at home on his farm...

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-..and about the research he conducts

-all over the world...

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-..and how the research

-is used in Wales.

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-I'm more conscious of what

-technology can do for agriculture...

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-..and how it'll help us move on

-in the future.

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-It's moving on at a great pace.

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-We need to go with it

-and not stay behind.

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-The Fitbit scheme at Glynllifon

-is very interesting.

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-It'll be good

-to see what the outcome is...

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-..and what's best for the cattle.

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-It's clear that you favour

-this system, Rhodri.

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-How will you analyse the data

-you get from the Fitbits?

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-Clearly, the Fitbits

-will give us a lot of data...

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-..on how much the cattle move daily.

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-How many metres they move,

-how much they lie down.

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-We want the comparison between cows

-in sheds and outdoor cattle.

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-The outdoor cattle

-may walk 300m, 400m, 500m a day.

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-Furthermore, we'll also

-score condition, weigh them...

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-..and score the calving period,

-which is very important.

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-We'll measure how much labour

-goes into calving...

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-..and how many cows

-we help with calving.

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-We'll then have a comparison

-between the two systems.

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-We'll be doing this

-over three years.

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-It will be quite a bit of data

-over three years.

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-That's it for part one.

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-In part two,

-Alun meets two young men...

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-..who are enthusiastic

-about the industry's future.

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-We'll see you in two minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-This year again, Farming Connect

-is launching its Agri Academy.

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-Alun has been to meet a pair

-who've benefitted from the Academy.

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-The 2017 Agri Academy

-was launched by Lesley Griffiths...

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-..at the FUW's annual breakfast.

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-The Agri Academy, in its fifth year,

-aims to scour Welsh agriculture...

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-..for promising and ambitious

-individuals, and mentor them.

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-Rhydian Thomas has benefitted

-enormously from the scheme.

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-He farms near Brechfa

-in Carmarthenshire.

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-You chose to go on the business

-and pioneering branch of the scheme.

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-Why that one in particular?

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-It goes hand in hand

-with running a farm as a business.

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-It gives you the ideas...

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-..to help the business

-run at a profit.

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-That's the ultimate goal,

-as much as we all enjoy farming.

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-From the outset,

-it was important for me...

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-..to speak to people

-of a like mind...

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-..who wanted to run things

-as a business...

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-..not just doing

-what they've always done.

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-I've been lucky over the years.

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-I've been able to work

-for different people.

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-I've been out to New Zealand

-and done a lot of shearing.

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-But now, I want to be here

-running my own business.

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-I want to be keeping my own sheep.

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-It's been a convenient coincidence.

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-You were focusing on business

-with Farming Connect...

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-..at the same time

-as an opportunity came up here.

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-The timing has been very good

-because the ideas have come through.

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-It all goes hand in hand.

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-Rhydian and his partner Lisa

-rent two farms.

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-Bryn Bugail and Clynglas

-total 450 acres.

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-They keep over 900 sheep, a mix

-of Welsh Mountains and Cheviots.

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-This is Clynglas near Alltwalis,

-and it's very exposed.

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-Yes, we get

-all kinds of weather here.

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-It's obviously windy here.

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-You can see the wind turbines.

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-You can see the wind turbines.

-

-Yes, absolutely.

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-Using the land to produce

-renewable energy makes sense.

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-The kind of sheep you've chosen

-to graze here is important.

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-They're a type of sheep

-that can look after themselves.

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-They're hardy sheep,

-and not too large.

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-The future of the lamb market

-is uncertain because of Brexit.

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-We have to keep our costs low.

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-We do everything we can

-to do that, really.

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-You're doing well, I'd say.

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-You obviously get a bit

-of support and confidence...

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-..from being a part

-of the Agri Academy.

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-Certainly.

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-The best thing about it

-is the confidence...

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-..and the positives

-that come from it.

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-We go to the mart sometimes

-and everyone complains.

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-That they're being robbed

-left, right and centre.

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-That's not what you want to hear.

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-If that's how they feel,

-why do they carry on?

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-As a group, we try to find ways

-to make our businesses succeed.

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-That's the focus, really.

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-The Junior Programme

-is for entrants aged 16-19...

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-..who are considering a career

-in the agriculture or food sectors.

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-It's run in conjunction

-with YFC Wales.

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-Two generations of one family

-to benefit from the Academy...

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-..are the Davieses

-from Glwyd Cae Newydd near Brecon.

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-Keri, the father, benefitted first.

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-His daughter Naomi followed him.

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-Youngest son Reuben...

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-..is also now a part

-of the Junior Agri Academy.

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-I want to start my life.

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-I want to live my life

-and do something for myself.

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-I just want to learn

-about things and the future...

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-..how to voice my opinion...

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-..and how to make an impact

-on my own future...

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-..and how to apply the skills...

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-..and what I've learned

-from the Agri Academy in my life.

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-I want to start my life now.

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-You're studying Agriculture

-and Engineering at college.

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-I'm at Hartpury College

-in Gloucestershire.

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-College teaches more

-about agriculture in general...

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-..and how to run a business.

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-The Agri Academy has shown me

-how to deal with problems.

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-How making an effort

-can make a difference.

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-I've learned

-about being mentored...

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-..and I've heard from people

-about share farming.

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-It'll be good for me

-to learn about things like that.

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-It's a chance

-to weigh up the options.

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-What kind of farm

-do you have at home?

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-We live on a 300-acre farm here.

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-We've diversified a bit.

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-Yes, I can see

-these very smart buildings.

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-They're for tourism, self-catering.

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-I sense that you enjoy what you do

-and are confident about the future.

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-I'm keeping an open mind.

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-I'm looking forward

-to what's to come.

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-The Agri Academy

-gives you an opportunity...

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-..to talk to people

-with the same mindset.

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-That was the main thing.

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-People who are just as positive

-about the industry.

0:19:240:19:27

-That gave us lots of confidence

-to do the things we wanted to do.

0:19:270:19:31

-You've clearly enjoyed it.

0:19:320:19:34

-Would you advise other youngsters

-to take the chance?

0:19:340:19:38

-Go for it.

0:19:390:19:41

-It's the best experience I've had.

0:19:410:19:44

-All round, it was perfect.

0:19:440:19:47

-I've seriously enjoyed it.

0:19:470:19:50

-This year's successful candidates...

0:19:520:19:55

-..will be chosen by a panel

-of independent agricultural experts.

0:19:550:19:59

-The closing date for applications

-is 31 March 2017.

0:20:000:20:05

-For more details and to download

-application forms....

0:20:050:20:09

-..go to the Agri Academy page

-on the Farming Connect website.

0:20:090:20:12

-Given the current uncertainty

-facing farmers...

0:20:130:20:16

-..Farming Connect

-held the Wales Farmers' Forum...

0:20:170:20:20

-..to inform farmers about the

-support services available to them.

0:20:200:20:25

-The main theme of the event,

-at the Hafod a Hendre building...

0:20:280:20:33

-..was how to control and protect

-your business into the future.

0:20:330:20:39

-We hope that we can inspire

-the agricultural sector...

0:20:390:20:44

-..to cope with the huge changes

-that are ahead of us on the horizon.

0:20:450:20:50

-We'll also show

-what changes they need to make...

0:20:510:20:54

-..to keep their businesses

-both sustainable and profitable...

0:20:540:20:59

-..and able to cope with changes

-and an uncertain future market.

0:21:000:21:05

-There are numerous opportunities

-for young and old...

0:21:050:21:09

-..those with technical know-how...

0:21:090:21:12

-..and those coming into the sector

-who want to learn more.

0:21:130:21:17

-We're keen to get feedback

-from the industry...

0:21:170:21:21

-..about any extra steps

-we should consider...

0:21:210:21:24

-..and how to make the information

-that the industry needs available...

0:21:240:21:29

-..so that businesses can develop.

0:21:290:21:31

-There are many speakers here

-from different industry sectors.

0:21:320:21:38

-Sion Williams farms in Scotland

-on a 10,000 acre estate.

0:21:380:21:43

-What is his message?

0:21:440:21:45

-Try and bring aspects of business

-into farming.

0:21:460:21:50

-Traditionally, farming

-has just looked at the bottom line.

0:21:500:21:55

-We're looking more into

-how the enterprises perform...

0:21:550:22:00

-..and breaking them down

-when it comes to benchmarking.

0:22:000:22:03

-I'm trying

-to get that message across.

0:22:040:22:07

-Because the size of enterprises

-varies widely...

0:22:070:22:12

-..it's important to break them down

-to per farm or per worker.

0:22:120:22:18

-They're the two things

-that influence profitability.

0:22:180:22:22

-The weather and the environment

-are all taken into consideration...

0:22:220:22:27

-..as well as labour,

-which is also important.

0:22:270:22:30

-Richard Tudor, Llysun, Llanerfyl,

-works closely with Farming Connect.

0:22:300:22:35

-How does he benefit from his farm

-being a demonstration site?

0:22:350:22:39

-We've been a demonstration site...

0:22:390:22:42

-..since this time last year,

-last spring.

0:22:420:22:46

-We've been trialling

-a few different things.

0:22:460:22:49

-It's important to have trials

-and show them to farms in your area.

0:22:490:22:54

-If they don't work,

-we know not to try it again.

0:22:540:22:58

-The things that do work...

0:22:580:23:00

-..vary from area to area

-and from farm to farm.

0:23:000:23:04

-It's important

-to have a network in Wales...

0:23:040:23:08

-..where farmers feel

-that they are involved...

0:23:080:23:12

-..and that it's relevant to them.

0:23:130:23:15

-I think it's really worthwhile.

0:23:150:23:18

-That's all from us

-on this programme.

0:23:200:23:22

-We'll be back

-at the same time next week.

0:23:230:23:25

-Until then, from the cafe

-at Carmarthen Mart, goodbye.

0:23:260:23:29

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:450:23:47

-.

0:23:480:23:48

Bydd Meinir yn Mart Caerfyrddin ac Alun yn cwrdd a dau ifanc sydd am lwyddo yn y byd amaeth. Alun meets two young people who are keen to pursue a career in agriculture.