15/03/2017 BBC News at One


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15/03/2017

The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.


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A major U-turn as the government scraps its plans to raise

:00:00.:00:07.

National Insurance payments for millions of

:00:08.:00:09.

The Chancellor announced the tax rise in last week's Budget

:00:10.:00:14.

but he now accepts it breached a Conservative election

:00:15.:00:16.

We will consider the government's overall approach to employment

:00:17.:00:24.

status and rights to tax and entitlements.

:00:25.:00:28.

We will bring forward further proposals but we will not bring

:00:29.:00:32.

forward increases to NICs later in this parliament.

:00:33.:00:40.

We have a government U-turn, we have no apology and we have a Budget that

:00:41.:00:44.

falls most heavily on those with the least broad shoulders.

:00:45.:00:49.

We'll be asking how embarrassing this is for the government and how

:00:50.:00:52.

much of a hole it will leave in their finances.

:00:53.:00:55.

A Royal Marine jailed for killing an injured Taliban fighter

:00:56.:01:01.

in Afghanistan has his murder conviction reduced to manslaughter -

:01:02.:01:03.

We are delighted at the judge's decision to substitute manslaughter

:01:04.:01:09.

This is a crucial decision and one that much better reflects

:01:10.:01:16.

the circumstances that my husband found himself in during that

:01:17.:01:18.

Three animal charities win an appeal against the estranged daughter

:01:19.:01:28.

of a woman who left them half a million pounds in her will.

:01:29.:01:31.

Identity theft reaches record levels and it's young people

:01:32.:01:33.

And coming up in the sport on BBC News, can Manchester City join

:01:34.:01:41.

Leicester in the last eight of the Champions League?

:01:42.:01:43.

City travel to Monaco tonight, while the Foxes

:01:44.:01:45.

Good afternoon and welcome to the BBC News at One.

:01:46.:02:08.

The Chancellor has scrapped his plans,

:02:09.:02:13.

announced in last week's Budget, to raise National Insurance

:02:14.:02:15.

payments for millions of self-employed workers.

:02:16.:02:17.

The tax rise was due to come into effect next year.

:02:18.:02:20.

But, in a major U-turn this morning, Phillip Hammond admitted

:02:21.:02:23.

that the move would have broken an election manifesto pledge.

:02:24.:02:25.

Our Political Correspondent, Ben Wright, reports.

:02:26.:02:34.

Less than a week after Philip Hammond paraded his first Budget, he

:02:35.:02:40.

has scrapped one of its central planks, Insurance rise for 1.6

:02:41.:02:46.

million self-employed workers. The measure broke a 2015 Conservative

:02:47.:02:51.

Party manifesto promise but the Chancellor insisted the measure was

:02:52.:02:55.

there but the backlash from some Tory MPs, Labour and swathes of the

:02:56.:02:59.

press was fierce. And this morning the Treasury made a dramatic

:03:00.:03:03.

retreat, revealing in a letter to Tory MPs the tax rise would be

:03:04.:03:10.

ditched. In the Commons this lunchtime, Tory MPs showed that

:03:11.:03:14.

support for the government U-turn. I welcome the announcement from this

:03:15.:03:17.

government that we will abide by the letter of our manifesto and also be

:03:18.:03:25.

spirit. Would the Prime Minister agree with me that, as we move

:03:26.:03:30.

towards balancing the books, we must ensure we have a fair and

:03:31.:03:34.

sustainable tax system in place? We made a commitment not to raise taxes

:03:35.:03:40.

and we put our commitment into the tax lock. The measures we put

:03:41.:03:43.

forward in the budget last week were consistent with those locks. But

:03:44.:03:49.

Labour MPs shouted down the Prime Minister as she confirmed the

:03:50.:03:52.

National Insurance rise would not go ahead but a consultation would. On

:03:53.:03:56.

the future of employment we will consider the government's overall

:03:57.:04:00.

approach to employment status and rights to tax and entitlements, we

:04:01.:04:04.

will bring forward further proposals but we will not bring forward

:04:05.:04:08.

increases to NICs later in this Parliament. The Labour leader said

:04:09.:04:16.

the government was in chaos. A budget that unravelled in seven

:04:17.:04:23.

days, a Conservative manifesto with a very pensive Prime Minister on the

:04:24.:04:28.

front page saying there would be no increase. A week ago and increase

:04:29.:04:33.

was announced. And the SNP's Angus Robertson did not pull his punches.

:04:34.:04:37.

We once had a Prime Minister who said the lady was not for turning.

:04:38.:04:44.

My goodness, isn't it welcome that the Prime Minister today had

:04:45.:04:48.

admitted she is for turning with her screeching, embarrassing U-turn on

:04:49.:04:53.

national insurance? This national Insurance rise was due to raise ?1

:04:54.:04:56.

billion by the next election and some believe the U-turn is a

:04:57.:04:59.

mistake. I think it is at its abutment that the Chancellor has

:05:00.:05:06.

rowed back on that policy because it is about fairness, about closing

:05:07.:05:09.

some of the tax discrepancies between employees and the

:05:10.:05:12.

self-employed and it was about the public finances. The fact is this

:05:13.:05:16.

tax rise proved unpopular, angered many Tory MPs and broke a manifesto

:05:17.:05:21.

promise. The government has a very small majority and does not have the

:05:22.:05:25.

political capital for a fight, despite the damage this will do to

:05:26.:05:29.

be Chancellor's credibility. Ben Wright, BBC News, Westminster.

:05:30.:05:30.

Our Assistant Political Editor, Norman Smith, is in Westminster.

:05:31.:05:35.

It is quite some U-turn and difficult could this be for the

:05:36.:05:41.

government? Let's get this in perspective a grand government

:05:42.:05:46.

U-turn is, it is a full-blown howling, screeching the Italian

:05:47.:05:49.

Riviera hairpin bend slope bleeding from the tyres U-turn. In terms of

:05:50.:05:55.

the speed, just seven days ago Philip Hammond announced this tax

:05:56.:05:59.

rise and the scale of it, it is the complete abandonment of the tax

:06:00.:06:04.

rise, not a nudge or a rebuke is out of the window. Why? Mr Hammond says

:06:05.:06:09.

because it was not compliant with the party manifesto and more

:06:10.:06:13.

accurately, the reality cloud broke over him. This is blindingly

:06:14.:06:18.

obviously a breach of their manifesto, never mind the

:06:19.:06:22.

technicalities of the legal opt outs, reality cloud number two was

:06:23.:06:27.

that he was facing an almighty Tory backbench revolt which could have

:06:28.:06:31.

made it extremely difficult to get this through Parliament anyway. And

:06:32.:06:34.

perhaps most damaging of all with the impact it was having on brand

:06:35.:06:41.

may also Theresa May has made much of being different to David Cameron

:06:42.:06:46.

can not going for spin politics but straightforward and honest talking

:06:47.:06:51.

politics. This tax rise, preaching a manifesto, risked profoundly

:06:52.:06:55.

damaging her own pitch as Prime Minister but it also leads two key

:06:56.:07:00.

questions. Who is to blame? Many fingers will be pointed at Phillip

:07:01.:07:04.

Hammond but is it really credible that Theresa May, who has an iron

:07:05.:07:08.

grip on the government, was unaware? Secondly, where is the money going

:07:09.:07:13.

to come from? Philip Hammond said that the up to ?2 billion raised

:07:14.:07:17.

would largely go towards social care so where is the money for social

:07:18.:07:19.

care going to come from? Thank you. With me is our Economics

:07:20.:07:22.

Editor, Kamal Ahmed. It does leave quite a hole. It does,

:07:23.:07:33.

and at the budget, the government announced to make a big spending

:07:34.:07:37.

commitments one on social care that Norman has spoken about and also on

:07:38.:07:42.

business rate relief is. They are expensive. To pay for it they

:07:43.:07:47.

announced two big tax increases. One was on dividend tax, the taxes

:07:48.:07:51.

people pay on their shares, and the other was the rise in taxes on the

:07:52.:07:57.

self-employed, is NICs issue. That was going to raise over ?2 billion

:07:58.:08:04.

by 2022. The fact is it has been scrubbed out and the government has

:08:05.:08:07.

made a pledge they will not return to it at all so by the time of the

:08:08.:08:13.

autumn budget in November, the government will have to say, how it

:08:14.:08:19.

will raise that money. The problem they have is the manifesto

:08:20.:08:23.

commitment which says no increases in income tax, no increases in VAT,

:08:24.:08:29.

no increases in national insurance contributions. Those three taxes

:08:30.:08:34.

raised over 60% of all government income. They are in a position where

:08:35.:08:37.

they don't have much room to manoeuvre. I would suggest all

:08:38.:08:42.

rolled viewers, when it comes to the autumn budget, look at the small

:08:43.:08:47.

print because they were to nickel and dime in small areas of tax pot

:08:48.:08:51.

like the dividend tax, maybe on probate or other areas, to raise

:08:52.:08:56.

money otherwise there is this black hole in the budget which is U-turn

:08:57.:08:59.

has only exacerbated. Thank you. And the statement from

:09:00.:09:00.

the Chancellor will be live on the BBC News Channel along

:09:01.:09:02.

with continued coverage A Royal Marine who shot dead

:09:03.:09:05.

an injured Taliban fighter in Afghanistan six years ago has

:09:06.:09:11.

had his murder conviction quashed. Judges at the Court Martial

:09:12.:09:14.

Appeal Court ruled that Sergeant Alexander Blackman

:09:15.:09:18.

was instead guilty of manslaughter on the grounds

:09:19.:09:20.

of diminished responsibility. The 42-year-old was originally

:09:21.:09:24.

sentenced to life in 2013. He'll now face another hearing

:09:25.:09:27.

to determine his sentence. Our Defence Correspondent, Jonathan

:09:28.:09:30.

Beale, is outside the court. At his original conviction,

:09:31.:09:45.

Alexander Buttner's defence was that he thought the insurgent was already

:09:46.:09:49.

dead when he shot him -- Blackman. For manslaughter to be considered he

:09:50.:09:52.

has had to change the story and except he was alive and that an

:09:53.:09:58.

important new medical evidence about Alexander Blackman's mental health

:09:59.:10:02.

at the time have paved the way for this conviction to be overturned.

:10:03.:10:12.

This morning, Claire Blackman, who's led the fight for her husband's

:10:13.:10:15.

murder conviction to be quashed, arrived at court

:10:16.:10:17.

It's a campaign that's had the backing of former Marines.

:10:18.:10:20.

In 2013, a military court found Alexander Blackman,

:10:21.:10:22.

better known as Marine A, guilty of murdering a wounded

:10:23.:10:25.

But today, the Appeal Court concluded it wasn't murder.

:10:26.:10:33.

In court, Claire Blackman greeted the news with a tear in her eye.

:10:34.:10:39.

Outside, clearly relieved, this was a moment to savour.

:10:40.:10:42.

We are delighted at the judge's decision to substitute manslaughter

:10:43.:10:45.

This is a crucial decision and one that much better reflects

:10:46.:10:52.

the circumstances that my husband found himself in during that

:10:53.:10:54.

We must now wait for the sentencing hearing and hope to secure

:10:55.:11:02.

a significant reduction in Al's sentence.

:11:03.:11:05.

The incident in Helmand in 2011 was all filmed on a helmet camera.

:11:06.:11:12.

This, the moment the Royal Marine patrol called in a helicopter

:11:13.:11:15.

to target two Taliban insurgents, one of whom was wounded.

:11:16.:11:22.

We are not allowed to show the moment Blackman shoots

:11:23.:11:25.

the injured insurgent, the court has only

:11:26.:11:28.

released this audio as Blackman fires the fatal shot.

:11:29.:11:30.

But three leading psychiatrists told the court that tough tour in Helmand

:11:31.:11:47.

had taken its toll on Alexander Blackman.

:11:48.:11:51.

They agreed he'd been suffering a severe form of combat stress.

:11:52.:11:54.

Sergeant Blackman was suffering from a mental disorder at

:11:55.:11:56.

the time, which impaired his ability to make rational judgments.

:11:57.:11:59.

And in my view, the court have taken the

:12:00.:12:03.

right view in accepting that he had the disorder and that disorder

:12:04.:12:06.

affected the way he thought and affected his actions.

:12:07.:12:09.

While his murder conviction has been quashed,

:12:10.:12:14.

his wife will still have to wait for his release and to be reunited.

:12:15.:12:17.

And Alexander Blackman, in the eyes of

:12:18.:12:20.

Alexander Blackman has served more than three years of an eight year

:12:21.:12:34.

minimum sentence for murder and the expectation is the sentence will be

:12:35.:12:37.

reduced for manslaughter but we will have to wait for a few more weeks to

:12:38.:12:39.

find out when he will be freed. You can see more on that story

:12:40.:12:42.

tonight on BBC One in a special Panorama in which some of the men

:12:43.:12:45.

who served with Alexander Blackman It's called Marine A:

:12:46.:12:48.

The Inside Story, and it's on at When Melita Jackson died, she left

:12:49.:12:56.

most of her half-a-million-pound fortune to three animal charities,

:12:57.:13:03.

and not to her estranged daughter. Her daughter contested

:13:04.:13:06.

the will and eventually was awarded more than ?150,000 of it,

:13:07.:13:08.

despite her mother's wishes. Today that was reduced to ?50,000

:13:09.:13:13.

when the three animal charities, who rely on wills for around 50%

:13:14.:13:15.

of their income, took the case to the country's

:13:16.:13:18.

highest court and won. Here's our Legal Correspondent,

:13:19.:13:20.

Clive Coleman. For generations, families have been

:13:21.:13:35.

falling out over wills. When Heather Ilott's mother died in 2004, she

:13:36.:13:39.

made it crystal clear that she did not want her daughter to get a

:13:40.:13:44.

penny. The pair had become estranged when, aged 17, Heather ran off with

:13:45.:13:49.

a man her mother disapproved of. But nearly 30 years later she remained

:13:50.:13:52.

married to him and the couple have five children. Animals cannot sell

:13:53.:13:58.

anyone about the cruelty they suffer... Melita Jackson left her

:13:59.:14:02.

entire half million pound fortune to three animal charities which she had

:14:03.:14:07.

no direction to also Heather Ilott challenged the will and was

:14:08.:14:11.

initially awarded ?50,000, but that was raised by the Court of Appeal to

:14:12.:14:18.

?160,000 on the basis that her mother had not made reasonable

:14:19.:14:23.

provision for her daughter. For the charities involved, that represented

:14:24.:14:26.

a potential serious loss of income. They appealed to the Supreme Court.

:14:27.:14:33.

In a really powerful judgment, seven justices here at the highest court

:14:34.:14:37.

in the land have reaffirmed a fundamental principle of English

:14:38.:14:42.

law, that anyone, you or I, can leave our money to whoever we want

:14:43.:14:46.

them even if that means our children getting little or nothing at all.

:14:47.:14:51.

The Supreme Court acknowledged that charities do an enormous amount of

:14:52.:14:54.

good work and a lot of that is funded by the generosity of people

:14:55.:14:57.

like Melita Jackson choosing to leave them money in her will. That

:14:58.:15:02.

key point, the right to choose, I want to leave my money to that

:15:03.:15:07.

charity and I don't have to explain why that was, my decision will be

:15:08.:15:12.

respected. The ruling was welcomed by Don Day, his wife suffered from

:15:13.:15:16.

dementia before her death and he has decided to leave estate to the

:15:17.:15:19.

Alzheimer's Society and not his daughter. We haven't been very well

:15:20.:15:30.

treated by my children. In my wife and I's hours of need, I'm afraid.

:15:31.:15:37.

And we both felt that this was what we wanted to do. In this battle of

:15:38.:15:43.

wills, daughter has lost out to an estranged mother. Charity may have

:15:44.:15:46.

been the winner but it certainly begin at home. Other parents at odds

:15:47.:15:51.

with their children will take note. Clive Coleman, BBC News.

:15:52.:15:54.

The UK's unemployment rate has fallen to its lowest level

:15:55.:15:57.

with a record number of people in work.

:15:58.:16:03.

But official figures for the three months to the end of January show

:16:04.:16:06.

the number of people on zero-hours contracts increased

:16:07.:16:08.

Our Economics Correspondent, Andy Verity, reports.

:16:09.:16:14.

Few industries reveal the tightness of the labour market better

:16:15.:16:16.

At this site near King's Cross in north London, about two thirds

:16:17.:16:21.

of the skilled workers come from the new EU states such

:16:22.:16:25.

as Romania and there is growing anxiety about what might happen

:16:26.:16:28.

There is still uncertainty whether they will be

:16:29.:16:36.

We need these people to be in our jobs, they make up labourers,

:16:37.:16:40.

they make up trades, they make up engineers,

:16:41.:16:42.

They are a very key part of the process.

:16:43.:16:45.

We don't have any UK nationals to fill these roles.

:16:46.:16:47.

Ahead of the Brexit negotiations, the stakes are particularly high

:16:48.:16:50.

for the construction industry with up to 176,000 jobs that

:16:51.:16:52.

could be in jeopardy if we don't have access to the EU labour supply

:16:53.:16:55.

and half a trillion pounds of construction

:16:56.:16:59.

Recruitment agents say that while unemployment is dropping,

:17:00.:17:06.

in areas which voted to stay in the EU such as Scotland

:17:07.:17:09.

and London, companies are getting less and less confident about taking

:17:10.:17:12.

Small businesses are concerned around Brexit but it isn't only

:17:13.:17:18.

It is the rise in the National Living Wage, the rise in rates,

:17:19.:17:25.

And this uncertainty is actually stopping them from hiring.

:17:26.:17:30.

They are at their lowest level since 2014 in their confidence to hire.

:17:31.:17:34.

If employers are struggling to find the staff, it's fair to expect

:17:35.:17:36.

But, on average, pay rises have slowed down,

:17:37.:17:45.

up just 2.3% in the three months to January.

:17:46.:17:47.

That's faster than price rises but only just.

:17:48.:17:49.

The Chancellor has scrapped plans announced in last week's budget to

:17:50.:18:07.

raise National Insurance payments for millions of self-employed

:18:08.:18:08.

workers. The lorry drivers sleeping

:18:09.:18:10.

in their cabs for months on end because they can't afford to live

:18:11.:18:13.

in the countries could the two top ranked rugby union

:18:14.:18:15.

nations in the world England are understood to be

:18:16.:18:21.

interested in playing A major fund-raising campaign has

:18:22.:18:23.

been launched to help 16 million people facing starvation in East

:18:24.:18:31.

Africa. 13 UK aid agencies who make up

:18:32.:18:35.

the Disasters Emergency Committee say they urgently need money

:18:36.:18:38.

to provide food, water The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

:18:39.:18:41.

is in Somalia where a national Viewers may spined some of the

:18:42.:18:46.

images in this report disturbing. Northern Somalia and

:18:47.:19:00.

the riverbeds here, bone dry. And with their crops failing

:19:01.:19:02.

and cattle dying in the drought, people, however frail,

:19:03.:19:04.

are now on the move This makeshift camp in the capital

:19:05.:19:06.

Mogadishu is growing at the rate They are desperate for food,

:19:07.:19:14.

particularly for their children. This lady, dressed in brown walked

:19:15.:19:28.

for six days with the children to reach this camp, but not

:19:29.:19:31.

all of them made it. TRANSLATION: I had four children,

:19:32.:19:34.

two died on the journey I'm eight months pregnant,

:19:35.:19:36.

I don't have shoes, water or food. The red marker on the band put

:19:37.:19:42.

around this child's arm indicates It is estimated around

:19:43.:19:51.

360,000 children under the age of five in Somalia

:19:52.:19:57.

are now acutely malnourished. And beyond Somalia, the fear

:19:58.:20:03.

of famine hangs over Ethiopian, And beyond Somalia, the fear

:20:04.:20:08.

of famine hangs over Ethiopia, Millions of people in this region,

:20:09.:20:10.

now at risk of starvation. This situation that these countries

:20:11.:20:15.

now face is unprecedented. These are four countries the size

:20:16.:20:19.

and the scale and the need has There are people obviously

:20:20.:20:22.

in desperate situations. We have famine, we have drought,

:20:23.:20:27.

we also have a man-made conflict. So British aid agencies,

:20:28.:20:32.

already helping on the ground, are now appealing for a lot more

:20:33.:20:37.

money, which they need quickly. But the impact of drought

:20:38.:20:41.

and conflict it is affecting people But the impact of drought

:20:42.:20:46.

and conflict is affecting people This is Yemen, also engulfed

:20:47.:20:48.

in a profound humanitarian crisis The people of the Netherlands are

:20:49.:20:53.

voting in their General Election, which has been dominated

:20:54.:21:03.

by the issue of immigration. Early indications are that there is

:21:04.:21:16.

a higher turnout than the last election in 2012.

:21:17.:21:19.

From the Hague, Damian Grammaticas, reports.

:21:20.:21:21.

The magnet for the TV cameras today is the man hoping

:21:22.:21:27.

the mantle of Donald Trump and Brexit II.

:21:28.:21:29.

Geert Wilders, Holland's far right leader aiming

:21:30.:21:31.

He wants to ban the Koran, ban mosques, close borders,

:21:32.:21:35.

And uncompromising again today, saying Muslims who don't

:21:36.:21:38.

I say, if you don't like the idea, don't come to Holland.

:21:39.:21:43.

You are free people, you can decide where to go

:21:44.:21:46.

I hope we have less Islam in Holland.

:21:47.:21:51.

I think Islam and freedom are not compatible.

:21:52.:21:57.

He is the man hoping to stop Geert Wilders in his tracks.

:21:58.:22:01.

He warned today as he cast his vote, that this ballot in the Netherlands

:22:02.:22:15.

will set the tone for big elections to come in Europe this year.

:22:16.:22:18.

In France and Germany, party lists are also challenging

:22:19.:22:20.

The Dutch Prime Minister has framed this election between a choice

:22:21.:22:28.

between him and Geert Wilders, his Liberal party and the rising tide of

:22:29.:22:33.

populism. There is much at stake in this poll, he says. So he has told

:22:34.:22:38.

Dutch voters that the world is watching.

:22:39.:22:47.

One of the things I have asked voters to take into consideration.

:22:48.:22:52.

What would it mean? The rest of the world will see after Brexit, after

:22:53.:22:57.

the American elections again, populism has won the day. But there

:22:58.:23:03.

are a total of 28 parties contesting this election, a huge list to pick

:23:04.:23:07.

from for voters at this polling station at The Hague's modern art

:23:08.:23:12.

museum. Some are worried about Geert Wilders winning. People across

:23:13.:23:18.

Europe, people shouting a lot without having solutions to what

:23:19.:23:23.

they say are big problems. If we get together, problems are not that big.

:23:24.:23:29.

Even if Geert Wilders does well, you won't win a majority. He is likely

:23:30.:23:33.

to be left out of power, as no other party wants to work with him.

:23:34.:23:37.

Identity fraud has reached a record high in the UK.

:23:38.:23:40.

There were almost 173,000 last year, 3,000 more than in 2015.

:23:41.:23:46.

The data, from more than 270 banks and businesses,

:23:47.:23:49.

also shows that the number of victims under the age of 21

:23:50.:23:52.

Here's our home affairs correspondent Danny Shaw.

:23:53.:23:55.

Stolen identity, civil servant Luke Croydon was the victim of one

:23:56.:23:57.

His name, address, date of birth and banking details were obtained

:23:58.:24:03.

by a thief who pinched post from his letterbox.

:24:04.:24:05.

Armed with the information, the fraudster applied for a bank

:24:06.:24:10.

card and then used it to go on a spending spree.

:24:11.:24:12.

When you first find out that it has happened,

:24:13.:24:15.

And then you get very worried because you wonder what else

:24:16.:24:20.

they might have done with that personal details If it is only

:24:21.:24:28.

opening bank accounts that is one thing, but you worry what else

:24:29.:24:31.

Have they signed up to websites, have they got passport applications?

:24:32.:24:34.

So it is a very troubling experience.

:24:35.:24:36.

According to the fraud prevention service Cifas there were almost

:24:37.:24:39.

173,000 cases of identity fraud last year, the highest total ever.

:24:40.:24:41.

The number of victims under the age of 21 increased

:24:42.:24:44.

by more than a third, with the Midlands and the north-east

:24:45.:24:46.

of England registering the highest identity fraud increases

:24:47.:24:48.

There has been a spike in the number of young people who have become

:24:49.:24:52.

We've put that down to the fact that they spend so much

:24:53.:24:57.

But not just that, they are putting so much of their personal

:24:58.:25:01.

information online and our appeal would be to only put out

:25:02.:25:04.

there what you really want people to know.

:25:05.:25:06.

Cifas has produced a film warning people to be careful about how much

:25:07.:25:13.

We know everything about you, Martin.

:25:14.:25:18.

Fraudsters are adept at exploiting information on social media sites.

:25:19.:25:21.

It advises people to use passwords, privacy settings and antivirus

:25:22.:25:25.

Lorry drivers moving goods for Ikea and other retailers

:25:26.:25:34.

in Western Europe are camping out in their cabs for months at a time

:25:35.:25:37.

because they can't afford to live in the countries they're working in.

:25:38.:25:43.

The East European drivers are being paid at the levels they would

:25:44.:25:45.

A judge has described as "inhumane" the practice

:25:46.:25:49.

where companies are able to exploit loopholes in European law.

:25:50.:25:51.

In a trailer on the edge of Copenhagen, these two men have

:25:52.:26:08.

created their own pop-up fiction. Cooking from scratch saves them

:26:09.:26:12.

money. Is this how you want to have your breakfast? No, I don't want to

:26:13.:26:18.

live like this, but these are the conditions. He is moving goods for

:26:19.:26:25.

Ikea, but they don't employ him. His employer is a Slovakian firm. He is

:26:26.:26:32.

paid Slovak wages. European union employment rules state, a driver

:26:33.:26:38.

temporarily posted away from home should be guaranteed the host

:26:39.:26:43.

nation's minimum rates of pay and conditions. But companies are

:26:44.:26:47.

exploiting loopholes in the law. A Danish driver can expect to take

:26:48.:26:55.

home 2200 euros, or 109 -- ?1900 a month in salary. But this man has

:26:56.:27:01.

been taken home 477 euros of ?418 a month. This is my farm, this is how

:27:02.:27:10.

I live. This is my bed. Danish drivers go home every couple of

:27:11.:27:14.

weeks, but this man spends up to four months on the road. The company

:27:15.:27:22.

says he can go home whenever he likes. He has just driven some Ikea

:27:23.:27:32.

stock from Denmark into Sweden. He only ever works in western Europe,

:27:33.:27:36.

sometimes it might be Germany or Norway. But he is being paid as if

:27:37.:27:40.

he is driving in Slovakia, yet he never works there. This is the

:27:41.:27:46.

biggest Ikea distribution centre in the world. It is in Germany. In

:27:47.:27:51.

front is a truck parked, turned campsite. Trade unions accused Ikea

:27:52.:27:55.

of turning a blind eye to how haulage companies treat their

:27:56.:28:01.

drivers. Ikea would say, this is in many different layers of companies

:28:02.:28:04.

operating these contracts, they can't be expected to know. But the

:28:05.:28:12.

Moldovan, the Polish guys, remove the furniture from IKEA. They touch

:28:13.:28:16.

the furniture. How can you deny this. They don't know what they are

:28:17.:28:22.

being paid. In a statement, Ikea said...

:28:23.:28:32.

It's not just Ikea and the big retailers that are in the firing

:28:33.:28:40.

line. Europe's politicians are under pressure to act, to stop any further

:28:41.:28:44.

deterioration in the working conditions of Europe's drivers.

:28:45.:28:49.

It was supposed to be a quick interview on BBC World News

:28:50.:28:52.

about South Korean politics, but Professor Kelly's two young

:28:53.:28:54.

children managed to turn it into a global event,

:28:55.:28:56.

at least one that's been viewed more than 100 million times

:28:57.:28:59.

What appeared to be a cute accident on live television.

:29:00.:29:17.

I think one of your children has just walked in.

:29:18.:29:19.

I mean, shifting sands in the region, do you think

:29:20.:29:22.

But Professor Robert Kelly, who is now being dubbed #bbcdad,

:29:23.:29:27.

received so much attention, he felt compelled to

:29:28.:29:31.

So here we are, finally meeting him in person in South Korea.

:29:32.:29:47.

It's fairly amazing, it's basically just a family blooper.

:29:48.:29:51.

It sort of went wild, there were more journalists

:29:52.:29:55.

there than have ever asked me questions before about my expertise.

:29:56.:29:58.

It then generated a second wave of Internet discussion.

:29:59.:30:03.

There was a lot of social analysis of it, sort of racism

:30:04.:30:05.

Regardless of some negative reaction, his students

:30:06.:30:14.

TRANSLATION: When he was giving a serious interview about a very

:30:15.:30:20.

sensitive subject, I was surprised to see the interruption.

:30:21.:30:22.

And when I found out he is a professor here,

:30:23.:30:27.

TRANSLATION: It was a very serious interview, but when I saw

:30:28.:30:32.

I felt they were the hope to what is a gloomy story.

:30:33.:30:40.

Professor Kelly describes the episode as a family blooper,

:30:41.:30:45.

but it certainly touched many hearts, especially

:30:46.:30:48.

Today could be the warmest day of the year so far. Lovely blue skies.

:30:49.:31:14.

Temperatures have been rising rapidly. Hardly a breath of wind.

:31:15.:31:19.

Not as windy across northern part of Scotland. Not as sunny either. In

:31:20.:31:24.

general, where we had a sunnier skies yesterday, we are seeing more

:31:25.:31:29.

cloud today. There are some stubborn areas of low cloud that are pegging

:31:30.:31:33.

back the temperatures, but in general, sunshine underneath the

:31:34.:31:37.

high pressure and around the high pressure we have a moist air flow,

:31:38.:31:41.

hence the cloud affecting the Northern Isles also affecting

:31:42.:31:46.

Scotland where we will see some patchy, light rain or drizzle coming

:31:47.:31:50.

in across northern part of the country. Probably drive to the

:31:51.:31:55.

south. Cloud from the north of England may wandering into the far

:31:56.:31:59.

south-west of Wales, the West Country. But for most of England and

:32:00.:32:03.

Wales it will be lovely and sunny. Temperatures of 80 degrees and

:32:04.:32:08.

possibly higher. A beautiful day at Cheltenham. -- 18 degrees. Tomorrow

:32:09.:32:14.

will be cloudy and cooler. Temperatures dipping away and

:32:15.:32:17.

turning misty across parts of England and Wales during the course

:32:18.:32:22.

of the night before low cloud arrives. Further north for Scotland

:32:23.:32:25.

and Northern Ireland, stronger wind. Another weather from bringing

:32:26.:32:29.

outbreaks of rain overnight. It shouldn't be to cold overnight. We

:32:30.:32:36.

will find this band of rain, heavy at times over the hills, coming down

:32:37.:32:41.

across Scotland, Northern Ireland into northern parts of England and

:32:42.:32:45.

Wales. Maybe brightening up but not as sunny and warm as today. We have

:32:46.:32:50.

some colder air coming into Scotland and Northern Ireland with showers.

:32:51.:32:52.

Those could be wintry in Scotland and continue that way overnight on

:32:53.:32:57.

Thursday night. It is going to be quite chilly on Thursday night.

:32:58.:33:03.

Colder than it has been for a while. Maybe a touch of frost. Coming into

:33:04.:33:08.

the cold air, we will replace the showers with longer spells of rain

:33:09.:33:11.

coming in from the Atlantic. Snow possible over some of the Scottish

:33:12.:33:15.

hills. The wet weather arrives in the South East. The wet weather

:33:16.:33:22.

originating from storm Stella. The weekend is unsettled and will feel

:33:23.:33:25.

colder with the wind is picking up and there will be rain at times.

:33:26.:33:31.

Goodbye from me, on BBC one we now join the BBC's news

:33:32.:33:32.