16/02/2017 Breakfast


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16/02/2017

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Hello, this is Breakfast with Louise Minchin and Charlie

:00:00.:00:00.

Millions of people could avoid getting colds and flu by taking

:00:00.:00:11.

Researchers say the so-called sunshine vitamin should be added

:00:12.:00:16.

Also on the programme: A second woman is arrested over the suspected

:00:17.:00:43.

assassination of the brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

:00:44.:00:46.

Tens of thousands of elderly people are not receiving the help they need

:00:47.:00:49.

to get out of bed, dress or eat, according to a leading charity.

:00:50.:00:55.

We're still paying more than we should to banks,

:00:56.:00:57.

energy firms and phone companies because we don't shop around.

:00:58.:01:00.

I'm looking at how changing a few financial habits could save more

:01:01.:01:03.

In sport, Arsenal look destined for another early exit

:01:04.:01:10.

from the Champions League as they're thrashed 5-1 by Bayern Munich.

:01:11.:01:20.

Hi, fair. I am a door-to-door poet. I write poems for them.

:01:21.:01:29.

And we meet the door to door poet who'll write a few verses

:01:30.:01:33.

Good morning. For some of us it is a cold and frosty start with fog

:01:34.:01:45.

around and a fair bit of cloud, but the cloud will break, we will see

:01:46.:01:49.

sunshine but expect showers or aim for Northern Ireland and Scotland

:01:50.:01:53.

where at the moment it is also quite windy. I will have more details in

:01:54.:01:55.

about 30 minutes. Thank you. More than three million people

:01:56.:01:58.

could avoid getting colds and flu every year by taking Vitamin D

:01:59.:02:01.

supplements according The study in the British Medical

:02:02.:02:03.

Journal calls for the vitamin to be But Public Health England says

:02:04.:02:08.

the evidence remains inconclusive. Our health correspondent

:02:09.:02:11.

Dominic Hughes reports. This is what vitamin D deficiency

:02:12.:02:22.

can look like. Softened bones bowing under the weight of the body. In

:02:23.:02:28.

children it can cause rickets. Research is a vitamin D can have

:02:29.:02:34.

other benefits. They argue that if everyone got enough vitamin D they

:02:35.:02:38.

would be a 10% reduction in respiratory illnesses like coughs,

:02:39.:02:42.

colds and flu. Among those with the lowest levels of vitamin D their

:02:43.:02:46.

benefit is even greater. A 50% reduction. And across the whole UK

:02:47.:02:50.

population that would equate to more than 3 million people avoiding a

:02:51.:02:55.

cold or flu each year. At present people are being asked to take

:02:56.:02:59.

supplements in order to meet their vitamin D requirement over winter

:03:00.:03:03.

and spring but it is expensive and a lot of people won't be able to take

:03:04.:03:06.

supplements daily, so a more effective strategy is to introduce

:03:07.:03:12.

food fortification into the food chain. Sunlight on the skin is the

:03:13.:03:17.

best source of vitamin D but the increased use of sunscreen and the

:03:18.:03:21.

weather means exposure in the UK is limited. We are already advised to

:03:22.:03:25.

take vitamin D throughout the winter and spring months to boost levels.

:03:26.:03:30.

It can also be found in some foods like oily fish, eggs and cereals,

:03:31.:03:35.

and the US and Finland at vitamin D as a supplement to the third. But

:03:36.:03:41.

some scientists are not convinced there is enough evidence that

:03:42.:03:44.

vitamin D can prevent other illnesses to justify following suit.

:03:45.:03:47.

Police in Malaysia have arrested a second woman over the death

:03:48.:03:50.

of the half-brother of North Korea's leader.

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It's thought Kim Jong-Nam was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport.

:03:53.:03:54.

A postmortem examination has been completed, but the results

:03:55.:03:57.

Our correspondent Karishma Vaswani is live in Kuala Lumpur for us

:03:58.:04:01.

I am standing outside the hospital where the body of a man believed to

:04:02.:04:17.

be Kim Jong-nam has been over the last three days. A postmortem has

:04:18.:04:23.

been conducted. Police have said that the postmortem examination has

:04:24.:04:27.

been completed. The results of the investigation have yet to be

:04:28.:04:31.

released. Malaysian police said they arrested a second suspect in this

:04:32.:04:35.

case last night. A woman carrying an Indonesian passport. She was

:04:36.:04:40.

arrested alone. She was identified from the closed-circuit camera

:04:41.:04:46.

footage taken from the scene of the crime. This is the second arrest in

:04:47.:04:51.

this case so far. Three days on after the death of Kim Jong-nam it

:04:52.:04:57.

is still extremely unclear as to why he was murdered in Malaysia. The

:04:58.:05:02.

investigation is focusing on from what we have heard from the police

:05:03.:05:06.

are finding other suspects in this case. Information is very fluid and

:05:07.:05:12.

the situation is also sensitive, given their diplomatic relations

:05:13.:05:15.

between Malaysia and North Korea. Thank you very much indeed.

:05:16.:05:17.

Social care for elderly people is on the brink of collapse in some

:05:18.:05:20.

parts of England, according to the charity Age UK.

:05:21.:05:23.

It says more than 50,000 people are now not receiving any help,

:05:24.:05:26.

despite struggling with essential daily tasks such as washing,

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Our health correspondent Sophie Hutchinson reports.

:05:30.:05:36.

For ten years, Elaine Yates has cared for her husband.

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They managed to get some social care.

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But Elaine, who runs a social group for carers,

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When Michael first came into the system it was easier

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because we had our own care manager that grew to know us

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could help support us, in what we needed.

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Today they don't get that kind of support, they don't get a care

:06:12.:06:17.

manager. Today's report from Age UK

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says that since 2010, that has been a rise of 50%

:06:19.:06:21.

in the amount of elderly people that

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do not get the help they need. The charity's particularly concerned

:06:25.:06:31.

with the more than 50,000 people who struggle with three or more

:06:32.:06:34.

of these activities and receive no While social care is done in

:06:35.:06:44.

different ways across the UK, cuts have meant councils in England have

:06:45.:06:47.

had to reduce the amount they spend on social care.

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And Age UK says emergency funding is now needed to avert a complete

:06:55.:06:58.

We are seeing the beginnings of something that has

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That is because, if there is going to be any extra money

:07:03.:07:06.

for social care, it's not coming yet.

:07:07.:07:08.

Because every day we have an ageing population and people over 85

:07:09.:07:15.

The Government says it recognises the pressures on the system

:07:16.:07:19.

and is working on a sustainable solution.

:07:20.:07:21.

There's now a growing expectation a rescue package may be included

:07:22.:07:24.

Britain's most senior judge has criticised sections of the press

:07:25.:07:29.

for their coverage of the Article 50 court ruling, which said Parliament

:07:30.:07:32.

had to be consulted before the formal process for leaving

:07:33.:07:35.

The President of the Supreme Court, Lord Neuberger, also accused

:07:36.:07:39.

politicians of not being quick enough to defend

:07:40.:07:41.

Some of the things that were said risked undermining the judiciary and

:07:42.:07:55.

unfairly undermining the judiciary and therefore undermining the rule

:07:56.:07:57.

of law. Last night hundreds of people

:07:58.:07:59.

demonstrated on the streets of Paris to show their support

:08:00.:08:02.

for a black youth worker, who claims he was sexually assaulted

:08:03.:08:04.

by police earlier this month. There's been growing tension in some

:08:05.:08:07.

of the city's suburbs since the 22-year-old

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was arrested a fortnight ago. One police officer has

:08:11.:08:12.

been charged with rape, President Francois Hollande has

:08:13.:08:14.

called for calm and for justice. The Church of England

:08:15.:08:20.

says its bishops will reflect "carefully and prayerfully"

:08:21.:08:22.

after its ruling general synod voted down an important report

:08:23.:08:25.

about gay marriage. The clergy chose to ignore

:08:26.:08:27.

the recommendations by bishops, which suggested that a union should

:08:28.:08:29.

only be between a man and a woman. Our religious affairs correspondent

:08:30.:08:33.

Martin Bashir reports. 93 in favour, 100 against, with two

:08:34.:08:55.

abstentions. And with that general sign of delivered a devastating blow

:08:56.:08:59.

to three years of deliberation on the issue of same sex marriage --

:09:00.:09:04.

General Synod. So the motion was lost. The debate itself contained

:09:05.:09:09.

passionate and sometimes painful disclosures on both sides of the

:09:10.:09:13.

argument. Outside of these walls, we are being heard as lacking in love.

:09:14.:09:19.

All sexual expression outside the lifelong and permanent union of one

:09:20.:09:28.

man and woman is sinful. Lesbian and Gay Christians who held an all-day

:09:29.:09:33.

vigil outside Church house broke into song as news of the result

:09:34.:09:38.

filtered through. I think what we've seen is a breakthrough of

:09:39.:09:42.

understanding, of love, of people coming together, really

:09:43.:09:46.

understanding the LGBT community. The fact that the Synod has chosen

:09:47.:09:50.

not to take note of the report means effectively that the last three

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years' work is now rendered null and void, isn't it? I absolutely

:09:56.:09:58.

disagree. What is certainly happening is that the report we have

:09:59.:10:02.

just presented or not be considered again as a report in these five

:10:03.:10:05.

years. The process of shared conversation will continue. The

:10:06.:10:09.

bishops say they will reflect carefully and prayerfully on the

:10:10.:10:11.

result. A state of emergency has been

:10:12.:10:13.

declared in Christchurch in New Zealand after a huge wildfire

:10:14.:10:15.

forced hundreds of people So far, several homes have been

:10:16.:10:18.

destroyed and the military has been In the hilly suburbs on the

:10:19.:10:38.

outskirts of Christchurch, flames light up the night sky. Hundreds of

:10:39.:10:42.

residents have been evacuated and a state of emergency declared. At

:10:43.:10:47.

least 11 homes have already been lost. I wouldn't say it has been out

:10:48.:10:52.

of control because we have resources working on it but it is heavy

:10:53.:10:57.

material. The fire broke out in two separate places in Monday in the dry

:10:58.:11:01.

hills south of Christchurch before merging into one blaze which now

:11:02.:11:06.

covers about 1800 hectares. As 130 firefighters on the ground try to

:11:07.:11:10.

get the upper hand on the blaze they are being assisted by 14 helicopters

:11:11.:11:14.

and three aircraft, while the military has also been deployed to

:11:15.:11:19.

provide water tankers and other personnel. Authorities are warning

:11:20.:11:22.

locals not to leave their escape plans to late while those evacuated

:11:23.:11:28.

weight anxiously -- too late. We have been pretty much all night

:11:29.:11:32.

since we got evacuated. My neighbour is uphill and absolutely terrified

:11:33.:11:37.

because they are surrounded by forest and gorse and long, dry grass

:11:38.:11:42.

so they are nervous. For now the only known human casualty, a

:11:43.:11:46.

helicopter pilot who died in a crash while fighting the fire on Tuesday.

:11:47.:11:52.

Valentine's Day may have come and gone but the romantic amongst us

:11:53.:11:57.

can rejoice at the news that the cast of the hit film

:11:58.:12:01.

Hugh Grant, seen here at the premiere of the original

:12:02.:12:04.

movie in 2003, is one of the names reprising his role for the short

:12:05.:12:08.

sequel to raise money for Comic Relief.

:12:09.:12:10.

Bill Nighy, Keira Knightley, Colin Firth, Liam Neeson,

:12:11.:12:12.

and Rowan Atkinson will also return, and Richard Curtis has written

:12:13.:12:15.

the script, which looks at what has happened to the characters.

:12:16.:12:18.

The 10-minute film will be shown on 24 March on BBC One as part

:12:19.:12:22.

am ridiculously excited about that. I watched it a Christmas again for

:12:23.:12:33.

the millionth time. It is nice to catch up with them. Not a happy

:12:34.:12:40.

ending for Arsene Wenger and Arsenal. Really terrible result for

:12:41.:12:45.

him. You can see the look on his face. It is interesting, he has been

:12:46.:12:51.

in the job. Along. A huge amount of respect from the club and the fans.

:12:52.:12:55.

If you read the papers, there is a sense of a turn and change because

:12:56.:13:01.

things have gone so badly wrong. And that generation of players he was

:13:02.:13:07.

famous for looking after the -- are starting to say they... No love.

:13:08.:13:12.

That is a hi-fi. Don't leave me hanging. -- high five. Shall I show

:13:13.:13:20.

you the goals? I would have given you a high five. Thanks.

:13:21.:13:22.

Arsenal's Champions League hopes lie in tatters at the last-16

:13:23.:13:25.

It was a miserable night for Arsene Wenger's team

:13:26.:13:28.

as they were trashed 5-1 by Bayern Munich.

:13:29.:13:31.

The German champions will take a four-goal advantage

:13:32.:13:33.

into the second leg so Arsenal look set to miss out

:13:34.:13:36.

on the quarter-finals for a seventh year in a row.

:13:37.:13:45.

Manchester City Women have signed World Cup-winner and FIFA

:13:46.:13:47.

World Player of the Year Carli Lloyd.

:13:48.:13:49.

The United States midfielder has scored 96 international goals,

:13:50.:13:52.

including this strike in a 13-minute hat-trick in the 2015 World Cup

:13:53.:13:55.

Scotland will be without their captain Greig Laidlaw for the rest

:13:56.:14:00.

He suffered an ankle injury in the first half of their defeat

:14:01.:14:04.

The Gloucester scrum-half sustained ligament damage.

:14:05.:14:09.

And England's new Test captain Joe Root says he'll seek the advice

:14:10.:14:12.

of his predecessors before taking charge of the team for the first

:14:13.:14:19.

He's only been skipper in a handful of first class games before,

:14:20.:14:23.

but is promising to be an instinctive captain.

:14:24.:14:26.

And he said he was changing his baby's nappy when he got the phone

:14:27.:14:33.

call, which is just so sweet, isn't it? I feel old when I look at him

:14:34.:14:38.

and think, are you old enough to be the England captain? He looks so

:14:39.:14:43.

young. We are going to catch up with the weather. Good morning, this

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morning, for many of us, it is a mild start, mostly dry but, as ever,

:14:50.:14:54.

there are exceptions to the rule, it is chilly with frost in the west,

:14:55.:15:00.

with patchy fog as well. You can see we have some clear skies. So, for

:15:01.:15:04.

some we will wake up to some sunshine. So, this morning, we have

:15:05.:15:08.

low pressure for the north of the country. Scotland, blustery

:15:09.:15:12.

conditions, strong winds in the north and through the Central

:15:13.:15:16.

Lowlands, accompanied by showery outbreaks of rain. For Northern

:15:17.:15:18.

Ireland a front is not far away. If we start the forecast at 8am,

:15:19.:15:29.

some patchy fog, still some fog forming before 8am but that will

:15:30.:15:33.

lift through the ensuing two hours and then we're looking at bright

:15:34.:15:37.

skies, variable amounts of cloud and not particularly cold. The same for

:15:38.:15:41.

Wales and northern England, clear skies, and at this stage, dry for

:15:42.:15:45.

Northern Ireland, the odd shower but nothing too heavy. For the north of

:15:46.:15:49.

Scotland and the Central Lowlands, windy conditions and also we've got

:15:50.:15:54.

some rain, heaviest in the north and north-west. Through the day, slowly

:15:55.:16:01.

the wind will subside but it will still be blustery in Scotland and

:16:02.:16:04.

Northern Ireland. A weather front coming in bringing the rain with it.

:16:05.:16:07.

Further south you see whether cloud break sub and where we'll see

:16:08.:16:10.

sunshine. In lighter winds, 11, 12, possibly higher, will feel pleasant.

:16:11.:16:18.

Through the evening and overnight, the rain in Northern Ireland sweeps

:16:19.:16:21.

across the Isle of Man, pushes in two parts of northern England, north

:16:22.:16:26.

Wales and moves to the direction of East Anglia. To the south of that we

:16:27.:16:31.

see fog patches forming, not as much as we thought earlier in the week.

:16:32.:16:35.

We have some in the Channel Islands and behind it under clearer skies

:16:36.:16:39.

cold enough for frost and again some patchy fog. Tomorrow some of the fog

:16:40.:16:43.

will be slow to clear but you can see where we've got the sunshine in

:16:44.:16:48.

parts of the north and east. Even so the cloud will break in other parts

:16:49.:16:52.

of the UK as well. Some showers flirting with Northern Ireland for

:16:53.:16:56.

example. Temperatures between eight and 11. Fairly quiet. As we head

:16:57.:17:05.

into the weekend, it is going to stay mild, for some milder than it

:17:06.:17:09.

has been. Sunny intervals with rain at times in the north. To put all of

:17:10.:17:13.

that onto the charts. On Saturday we will have that rain in the north,

:17:14.:17:17.

blustery erase coming in with it. Further south, variable cloud but

:17:18.:17:21.

the cloud will break that blustery areas. Highs of ten or 11. We could

:17:22.:17:28.

see ten, 13, maybe even 14 -- blustery areas. On Sunday a lot of

:17:29.:17:33.

dry weather around, some sunny spells, showers in the north-east

:17:34.:17:37.

and later we'll see Sharee outbreaks of rain in the north-west. You can

:17:38.:17:42.

serve the Jo never say the weather is dull because there's a lot of

:17:43.:17:46.

variety -- you can never say -- showery. Not too unsettled for most

:17:47.:17:51.

of the UK. Especially when you're talking about it, Carol!

:17:52.:17:53.

You're watching Breakfast from BBC News.

:17:54.:17:55.

million people could avoid getting colds and flu every year by taking

:17:56.:18:01.

Police in Malaysia have arrested a second woman over the suspected

:18:02.:18:05.

murder of the half brother of North Korea's leader,

:18:06.:18:07.

Ben's here for a look at the papers. Shall we look at the front pages?

:18:08.:18:26.

The front page of the Daily Telegraph, a second woman has been

:18:27.:18:30.

arrested with regard to what happened in Kuala Lumpar airport.

:18:31.:18:33.

This is one of the two women suspected of assassinating the North

:18:34.:18:38.

Korean leader's half brother. Lots of pictures of her on the front page

:18:39.:18:42.

of the newspapers. The Church of England, we talked about this in our

:18:43.:18:46.

news bulletin, clergy appeared to signal support for gay marriage

:18:47.:18:50.

after they rejected the Bishops report that said only a man and

:18:51.:19:00.

woman could marry in church. They have rejected that as discussions

:19:01.:19:03.

will continue. The front page of the Daily Mail, madness of new business

:19:04.:19:06.

rates. Small firms in particular, suggesting if Treasury puts a

:19:07.:19:09.

business rates it could have a big impact. Long overdue reform of

:19:10.:19:12.

business rates, many businesses say it is needed but some will pay more

:19:13.:19:17.

and some big organisations, especially the Internet retailers,

:19:18.:19:21.

stand to gain hugely from this. They pay less, so a bit of controversy.

:19:22.:19:27.

Shall we do some more? Front page of the Times, talking about the US

:19:28.:19:31.

delivering an ultimatum for Nato overspending. Donald Trump's the

:19:32.:19:36.

then secretary said they cannot take their security for granted. They're

:19:37.:19:40.

talking about Andrew Wakefield, you may remember he was the doctor who

:19:41.:19:46.

talked about MMR, he's back in the UK doing some filming. Sally? All of

:19:47.:19:51.

the back pages, I won't go through all of them, it's all about Arsene

:19:52.:19:56.

Wenger and is his time up? It's what we talked about earlier. All the old

:19:57.:20:03.

Arsenal legends, I don't mean old, former Arsenal legends... Chatting

:20:04.:20:05.

about in the press today about whether his time is up and whether

:20:06.:20:10.

it's the end of an era and whether the game last night Marks an

:20:11.:20:13.

all-time low for him. You look at the club and you look at what

:20:14.:20:21.

happened to Alex Ferguson. But the picture I have taken is this one,

:20:22.:20:29.

football is in trouble for unethical haircuts. Some players playing in

:20:30.:20:35.

the Middle East, in the UAE, and there the football Association has

:20:36.:20:40.

very strict rules over haircuts. One thing you're not allowed to do is

:20:41.:20:44.

have a mohican, like Asamoah Gyan, who you may remember played for

:20:45.:20:50.

Sunderland some time ago, he has a little style in the side of his

:20:51.:20:54.

head, not allowed because they're worried the kids might copy. If you

:20:55.:20:59.

look in any primary school up and down the land, the footballer

:21:00.:21:03.

haircut of the moment is widely copied, that's what they don't want

:21:04.:21:06.

to happen so he's not allowed to do that. What about you? Something

:21:07.:21:12.

entirely different, our British love of queueing, have you spotted this?

:21:13.:21:16.

A psychologist has been through and he has looked at the psychology

:21:17.:21:20.

about why and how we queue, what is more likely to make us leave a queue

:21:21.:21:25.

and it comes down to the rule of six and if we have to queue for six

:21:26.:21:33.

minutes we get increasingly angry. But if there are six more people

:21:34.:21:37.

behind you then everything is fine, you're happy, because you feel like

:21:38.:21:42.

you've made progress. If you've been waiting six minutes you're going to

:21:43.:21:46.

leave it but if six or more people join behind you in the queue, you

:21:47.:21:50.

will stay. It's annoying to join you in a queue that is quite long and

:21:51.:21:54.

nobody else joins behind you, so nobody else... There's nothing more

:21:55.:21:57.

annoying than thinking the or is going faster. There is the

:21:58.:22:04.

etiquette as well, we know as Brits have to queue. Engaging in

:22:05.:22:12.

conversation is a big no-no -- how to queue. Are you not allowed to

:22:13.:22:18.

chat to anyone? The biggest thing is letting a person go in front of you,

:22:19.:22:23.

it is very British but it confuses foreigners. Are you going to do the

:22:24.:22:28.

Churchill? This is extraordinary, it's about Winston Churchill and a

:22:29.:22:32.

paper that has been found many years later saying that he believes, he

:22:33.:22:36.

wrote an essay about alien life and it appears he believed there was

:22:37.:22:43.

life on Mars. The thinking was it was destined to be published as part

:22:44.:22:47.

of a newspaper article, but never was, so he drew a conclusion at the

:22:48.:22:52.

end of it, Winston Churchill thinks there's alien life. He says, "I for

:22:53.:22:58.

one am not so immensely impressed by the success we are making of our

:22:59.:23:02.

civilisation here that I'm prepared to think we're the only spot in this

:23:03.:23:06.

immense universe that contains living, thinking creatures". It's

:23:07.:23:11.

not clear why it never got published. It never got published

:23:12.:23:17.

but we don't know why. Now it has been revealed. Written in 1939

:23:18.:23:21.

apparently that letter. Extraordinary. Thank you both very

:23:22.:23:22.

much. It's the technology that can

:23:23.:23:23.

transport you into another world and now virtual reality

:23:24.:23:25.

is being used to help children to relax before they

:23:26.:23:28.

have an MRI scan. An app has been developed to give

:23:29.:23:30.

them a realistic idea of what the procedure will actually

:23:31.:23:33.

be like so they're more prepared 10-year-old Matthew is back in

:23:34.:23:50.

hospital again. In September, 2014, I've suffered from extreme hydra

:23:51.:23:54.

catalyst, which means a buildup of fluid in the brain. So I needed

:23:55.:24:00.

emergency operation. The procedure was a success and now as part of his

:24:01.:24:04.

recovery, Matthew has to have regular MRI scan is to check

:24:05.:24:10.

everything's OK. Being inside a scanning machine can be quite a

:24:11.:24:15.

scary experience for children and adults. The scan itself can take up

:24:16.:24:19.

to an hour. You have to stay incredibly still in a small space

:24:20.:24:23.

and once these can actually starts its incredibly loud. Is everything

:24:24.:24:28.

OK in there, Matthew? Yeah, all fine.

:24:29.:24:33.

Now I feel OK because I've had it a few times now. But the first time I

:24:34.:24:38.

remember I remember thinking to myself, what is this machine?

:24:39.:24:42.

Because no one had showed me it. But in the end it's just a bit of

:24:43.:24:46.

beating. And that's why some children are put

:24:47.:24:58.

to sleep for the duration of the scan to help them through it. We're

:24:59.:25:02.

just going to bring you out now... But now doctors here at Kings

:25:03.:25:05.

College hospital in London are hoping this app will better prepare

:25:06.:25:08.

children and put them at ease. Do you want to put the headset on your

:25:09.:25:12.

head? These panoramic 360 degrees videos will allow children to

:25:13.:25:15.

experience what a scan is like before the real thing takes place.

:25:16.:25:18.

We'll get started... I have an office right next to the MRI scan

:25:19.:25:22.

are so often I can hear children coming through and you can hear

:25:23.:25:25.

they're scared, sometimes they starts, crying and I'm aware they

:25:26.:25:28.

find it difficult to sit still so I'd thought I was interested in

:25:29.:25:33.

Google Cardboard, I had a 360 camera bought for me for Christmas and I

:25:34.:25:36.

thought I could take footage from within the scanner that allows a

:25:37.:25:40.

child to experience a scan in VR beforehand and that prepares them

:25:41.:25:44.

for the scan so it's not so scary when they first arrived. Doctors

:25:45.:25:50.

hope this app will reduce the number of patients needing a general

:25:51.:25:55.

anaesthetic. It's good for the children and good for the services

:25:56.:25:59.

where we can hopefully avoid a few general anaesthetics, even if there

:26:00.:26:03.

is a small number a year, for patients coming in at King's. The

:26:04.:26:09.

best way to cope with it I think is to close your eyes. Hopefully this

:26:10.:26:13.

app will really help and just don't worry about it. Ricky Boleto, BBC

:26:14.:26:16.

News. Really interesting use of

:26:17.:26:22.

technology. That's a really good idea. Matthew the little lad,

:26:23.:26:28.

heartbreaking hearing him talk about the fear of the MRI scan itself.

:26:29.:26:30.

We'll hear from Britain's only

:26:31.:26:35.

door-to-door poet about his mission to take the time to rhyme.

:26:36.:26:41.

Hi, their. You're right? I'm a door to door poet. I knock on strangers

:26:42.:26:47.

and write poems for them. We'll see if he managed to convince

:26:48.:26:49.

anyone to let him pen them a poem Did he convince anyone to let him

:26:50.:26:58.

write a poem for them? He started because he said he was bored. There

:26:59.:27:01.

you go! Time now to get the news,

:27:02.:27:01.

travel and weather where you are. Now, though, it's back

:27:02.:30:23.

to Louise and Charlie. Hello, this is Breakfast

:30:24.:30:25.

with Louise Minchin and Charlie We'll bring you all the latest news

:30:26.:30:29.

and sport in a moment, but also on Breakfast this morning:

:30:30.:30:35.

Born at 24 weeks with feet the size of a penny, Francesca's chances

:30:36.:30:39.

of survival were limited. We'll speak to her mum

:30:40.:30:42.

about improvements in care for premature babies,

:30:43.:30:46.

which means she's now a happy Man's best friend could be

:30:47.:30:51.

a farmer's worst nightmare. As dog attacks on cattle

:30:52.:30:57.

and sheep are on the rise, we'll visit a farm in Lincolnshire

:30:58.:31:00.

to find out what can be done # People say the meanest things. #

:31:01.:31:15.

yeah, but truth be told, I don't care what they think.

:31:16.:31:19.

Singer songwriter James Blunt will be here to tell us

:31:20.:31:21.

about the new sound of his latest album.

:31:22.:31:24.

But now a summary of this morning's main news.

:31:25.:31:27.

More than three million people could avoid getting colds and flu

:31:28.:31:31.

every year by taking vitamin D supplements according

:31:32.:31:33.

The study in the British Medical Journal calls for the vitamin to be

:31:34.:31:37.

But Public Health England says the evidence remains inconclusive.

:31:38.:31:50.

The Malaysian government says it will return the body

:31:51.:31:52.

of the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un.

:31:53.:31:54.

It's thought Kim Jong-Nam was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur

:31:55.:31:57.

Overnight a second woman was arrested over his death.

:31:58.:32:00.

A postmortem examination has been completed, but the results

:32:01.:32:02.

Inside North Korea, thousands gather to mark the birthday of the

:32:03.:32:15.

country's late leader while the nation's current leader Kim Jong-un

:32:16.:32:20.

has remained silent on the death of his estranged half brother. Three

:32:21.:32:27.

thousand miles east in Malaysia Kim Jong-nam's body lies in a hospital

:32:28.:32:32.

in Kuala Lumpur. South Korea's spy agency believe he was assassinated

:32:33.:32:37.

by a suspected North Korean agents as he waited to board a flight on

:32:38.:32:42.

Monday. CCTV images broadcast on Malaysian media appear to show one

:32:43.:32:48.

suspect at the airport. Police have arrested two women, one carrying a

:32:49.:32:53.

Vietnamese passport, the other an Indonesian one. On Wednesday, North

:32:54.:32:57.

Korean officials, including the Ambassador, were seen visiting the

:32:58.:33:02.

hospital. Despite the suspicions and spec duration it is not yet clear

:33:03.:33:07.

who killed Mr Kim or why -- speculation. A postmortem of the

:33:08.:33:11.

body has been completed but the results are not yet public.

:33:12.:33:14.

Social care for elderly people is on the brink of collapse in some

:33:15.:33:18.

parts of England, according to Age UK.

:33:19.:33:20.

A new report from the charity says more than 50,000 people are now not

:33:21.:33:23.

receiving any help, despite struggling with daily tasks

:33:24.:33:26.

such as washing, eating and getting out of bed.

:33:27.:33:28.

The Government says it recognises the pressures on the system

:33:29.:33:31.

and is working on a long-term, sustainable solution.

:33:32.:33:40.

We're seeing the beginnings of something that's going to get a lot

:33:41.:33:46.

worse and that's because if there is going to be annexed money for social

:33:47.:33:50.

care it's not coming out. -- any extra money. And that's a real

:33:51.:33:54.

concern because every day we have an ageing population, we have more

:33:55.:33:59.

people over 85 in particular who need care and therefore we are

:34:00.:34:02.

having to ration it more and more. Hundreds of people demonstrated

:34:03.:34:05.

on the streets of Paris last night to show their support

:34:06.:34:07.

for a black youth worker who claims he was sexually assaulted

:34:08.:34:10.

by police earlier this month. There's been growing tension in some

:34:11.:34:13.

of the city's suburbs since the 22-year-old

:34:14.:34:16.

was arrested a fortnight ago. One police officer has

:34:17.:34:18.

been charged with rape, President Francois Hollande has

:34:19.:34:20.

called for calm and for justice. The Church of England

:34:21.:34:24.

says its bishops will take time to reflect after the ruling general

:34:25.:34:27.

synod voted down an important report The clergy chose to ignore

:34:28.:34:30.

recommendations which suggested that a union should only be

:34:31.:34:33.

between a man and a woman. The bishops are now expected

:34:34.:34:36.

to produce a new report A state of emergency has been

:34:37.:34:39.

declared in Christchurch in New Zealand after a huge wildfire

:34:40.:34:47.

forced thousands of people So far, several properties have been

:34:48.:34:50.

destroyed and the military has been deployed to help firefighters,

:34:51.:34:54.

along with 14 helicopters Four rare otter pups,

:34:55.:34:56.

born at Newquay Zoo, The quartet of Asian short-clawed

:34:57.:35:02.

otters are being taught They were born in October last year

:35:03.:35:06.

and they're doing swimmingly. LAUGHTER I didn't realise I was

:35:07.:35:31.

setting you up. I didn't realise either. Short clawed, there we go. I

:35:32.:35:41.

hadn't heard of it before. Where am I going to go with that one?

:35:42.:35:46.

Literally nowhere. What have you got? There is no way to say it other

:35:47.:35:54.

than a disastrous night in the Champions League. Things look really

:35:55.:35:58.

bad for Arsene Wenger and for Arsenal. Very disappointed. He is a

:35:59.:36:05.

legend in the club. He has been there two decades. What on earth do

:36:06.:36:10.

you do? Things just slowly start to go wrong. We criticise lots of clubs

:36:11.:36:18.

for changing things quickly and Arsenal have done the opposite.

:36:19.:36:23.

Maybe it is time for them to do something more significant.

:36:24.:36:24.

Arsenal are facing elimination from the first knockout stage

:36:25.:36:27.

of the Champions League for the seventh straight season.

:36:28.:36:29.

Bayern Munich simply took them apart.

:36:30.:36:31.

Arjen Robben opened the scoring, and, although Arsenal's Alexis

:36:32.:36:33.

Sanchez eventually put in the rebound from his own penalty

:36:34.:36:36.

to make it 1-1, Bayern were simply too good for Arsenal

:36:37.:36:39.

Two goals from Thiago helped give the German champions a four-goal

:36:40.:36:43.

The real problems we faced was after the third goal because we lost our

:36:44.:37:09.

organisation and we looked mentally very jaded and very vulnerable from

:37:10.:37:18.

that moment onwards. And after the last 25 minutes it was a nightmare

:37:19.:37:21.

for us. Real Madrid came from behind

:37:22.:37:24.

as they beat Napoli 3-1 in the first A stunning volley from Casemiro

:37:25.:37:30.

sealed the win in the Bernabeu That is just such a great goal,

:37:31.:37:34.

isn't it? Manchester City Women have signed

:37:35.:37:42.

World Cup-winner and FIFA World Player of

:37:43.:37:45.

the Year Carli Lloyd. Have a look at what City fans

:37:46.:37:47.

can look forward to - A 13-minute hat-trick

:37:48.:37:50.

in the 2015 World Cup final. The 34-year

:37:51.:37:54.

old joins the WSL champions I am always looking to improve my

:37:55.:38:03.

game, I am always looking for the next challenge, the next big thing

:38:04.:38:07.

and to be able to come here, trained with some of the world's test

:38:08.:38:13.

players, be at the world's best facility, play in the Champions

:38:14.:38:17.

League, hopefully win an FA Cup and winter spring series. There are so

:38:18.:38:22.

many goals that I want to accomplish.

:38:23.:38:23.

Scotland will be without their captain Greig Laidlaw for the rest

:38:24.:38:26.

He suffered an ankle injury in the first half of the defeat

:38:27.:38:31.

Further assessment has confirmed that the Gloucester scrum-half

:38:32.:38:38.

sustained ligament damage, and will miss the remaining four

:38:39.:38:41.

England's new Test cricket captain Joe Root says he'll be seeking

:38:42.:38:46.

the advice of his predecessors before taking charge of the team

:38:47.:38:49.

He's only been skipper in a handful of first class games before

:38:50.:38:54.

But is promising to be an instinctive captain.

:38:55.:39:00.

Having played 50 odd games now I have quite a lot of experience in

:39:01.:39:09.

test cricket. I might not have captained a lot of county cricket

:39:10.:39:14.

but having vice captained in the team, becoming more experienced, I

:39:15.:39:18.

have had to thing as if I am a captain anyway. I think I am as

:39:19.:39:22.

ready as I can be. You have heard that you never really know until you

:39:23.:39:26.

are given the opportunity but I am excited about all of the challenges

:39:27.:39:29.

it holds. And we wish him lots of luck, don't we?

:39:30.:39:32.

Defending champion Ronnie O'Sullivan is out of snooker's Welsh Open

:39:33.:39:35.

after losing 4-3 to Mark Davis in the second round.

:39:36.:39:38.

Meanwhile, a 15-year-old schoolboy will have to take more time

:39:39.:39:40.

Jackson Page had to get permission to be off school to play

:39:41.:39:45.

John Astley, and now he's into the third round in Cardiff.

:39:46.:39:52.

I knew I could play well and go far and obviously I went further as

:39:53.:40:03.

well, playing well. People told me just to enjoy it and the experience,

:40:04.:40:10.

really. In myself, I knew I could win a few games and keep on going

:40:11.:40:14.

hopefully. He has said he isn't disappointed to be missing history.

:40:15.:40:19.

Can we just say one thing, he looks more grown-up than 15. I am assuming

:40:20.:40:26.

he hasn't taken his GCSEs. It is his GCSE year. The school know that it

:40:27.:40:32.

could be his career. Very good luck to him. He is calm and collected.

:40:33.:40:35.

Very mature. Very impressive. The use of vitamin D supplements has

:40:36.:40:40.

been hotly debated in medical circles in recent years,

:40:41.:40:44.

with some experts arguing Today, a study published

:40:45.:40:46.

by the British Medical Journal found taking them reduced

:40:47.:40:50.

common coughs and colds. Now, the authors want it

:40:51.:40:51.

to be added to our food. But Public Health England says

:40:52.:40:54.

the evidence is inconclusive. Professor Adrian Martineau

:40:55.:40:57.

was the lead author of the study Good morning. Thank you for your

:40:58.:41:11.

time. Tell us what you discovered in your study. So, our study was a

:41:12.:41:17.

meta-analysis, putting together information from 25 clinical trials.

:41:18.:41:23.

A total of 10,933 patients from four continents across the world in 19

:41:24.:41:27.

countries and the trials investigated whether vitamin D

:41:28.:41:31.

supplementation can reduce acute respiratory infections, cold, flu,

:41:32.:41:36.

cough, bronchitis and pneumonia. What we found in the population

:41:37.:41:41.

overall was it was a highly statistically significant but modest

:41:42.:41:46.

effect of 10% in the population as a whole and when we drill down and

:41:47.:41:50.

look at the people who have vitamin D deficiency we saw a big effect

:41:51.:41:54.

with a 50% reduction and the halving of risk in respiratory infection in

:41:55.:41:58.

that group. And you have gone on to extrapolate that could mean three

:41:59.:42:03.

and a quarter million people would get one fewer acute respiratory

:42:04.:42:10.

infection per year. That is right. Although it is modest, the fact it

:42:11.:42:14.

is, means a small reduction can have major health benefits. Around seven

:42:15.:42:19.

out of ten of us have at least one infection are year. That reduction

:42:20.:42:26.

could stop around 3.25 million people having at least one infection

:42:27.:42:30.

each year. So you will help with some of the reaction to the studies.

:42:31.:42:35.

Public Health England said the evidence you have presented is

:42:36.:42:39.

inconclusive on coughs and colds but at the same time it should be taken.

:42:40.:42:51.

On the coughs and colds, which is the new element, it it is

:42:52.:42:56.

inconclusive. Yes, I have read that but it is not clear on what basis

:42:57.:42:59.

they have made that judgement. Certainly where we are not arguing,

:43:00.:43:04.

it is over the overall recommendation. We agree with them

:43:05.:43:08.

that the average vitamin D requirement should be ten micrograms

:43:09.:43:13.

per day. What we say is that there is an added motivation for the

:43:14.:43:16.

population to meet that requirement. Can I ask you about what people are

:43:17.:43:23.

supposed to make of this, if you are suggesting so many people require

:43:24.:43:26.

more vitamin D, how should they get that if they are indeed lacking?

:43:27.:43:31.

Well vitamin D is the sunshine fight on but in the UK with the latitude,

:43:32.:43:37.

sunshine is only of sufficient intensity to make vitamin D in the

:43:38.:43:41.

skin for six month of the year so therefore we have to fall back on

:43:42.:43:44.

alternative approaches. One is supplementation, which is what

:43:45.:43:49.

Public Health England encourage, which the general population means

:43:50.:43:55.

should consider a supplement over winter and spring, the alternative,

:43:56.:44:00.

in the US, Sweden and Finland, is fortification, where vitamin D is

:44:01.:44:04.

added to foodstuffs such as milk and bread, which has shown to be highly

:44:05.:44:07.

effective in eliminating profound vitamin D deficiency in the

:44:08.:44:11.

population at a low cost of around 11 eurocents per person per year.

:44:12.:44:17.

Some people hear the evidence you present today might think why not if

:44:18.:44:24.

there is a possibility of it reducing the chances of a severe

:44:25.:44:27.

respiratory illness, why not take vitamin D? Are there any risks

:44:28.:44:32.

attached to taking too much vitamin D? It is possible to take too much

:44:33.:44:42.

but you have to tried quite hard, what we recommend is 400 units, so

:44:43.:44:47.

it is a fraction of the amount. Taking the amount recommended, ten

:44:48.:44:52.

micrograms per day, is enough to eliminate the risk of profound

:44:53.:44:56.

deficiency and would be very safe to take. Professor, thank you very much

:44:57.:45:03.

for your time this morning. That is very interesting to hear all of

:45:04.:45:04.

that. Here's Carol with a look

:45:05.:45:08.

at this morning's weather. good morning. This morning for many

:45:09.:45:16.

parts it is a mild start and also mostly dry. But there are some

:45:17.:45:21.

exceptions in the south-west where we've had breaks in the cloud, cold

:45:22.:45:25.

enough for some frost and patchy fog and all this cloud later will bring

:45:26.:45:30.

some rain into Northern Ireland. We also have low pressure moving across

:45:31.:45:33.

the north of Scotland, you can see from the squeeze in isobars it is

:45:34.:45:38.

windy and wet but as you go further south, look how wide they are, so

:45:39.:45:43.

not as windy here, in fact more of a breeze. First thing this morning we

:45:44.:45:47.

have patchy fog in the south-west and some frost as well. Even further

:45:48.:45:52.

east we have patchy fog but all of that should live by around 8am or

:45:53.:45:57.

9am and you can see variable amounts of cloud, but some waking up to

:45:58.:46:06.

sunshine. In Northern Ireland, some brighter breaks but the cloud will

:46:07.:46:10.

continue to build, you saw it coming in on the satellite. In southern and

:46:11.:46:13.

eastern Scotland, dry but rain in the north-west and windy blustery

:46:14.:46:16.

conditions in the north and north-west and this morning in the

:46:17.:46:19.

Central Lowlands. You're fine that will ease as we go through the day.

:46:20.:46:23.

Meanwhile, the rain moves across Northern Ireland, blustery here. For

:46:24.:46:27.

England and Wales you could catch the odd shower in the Midlands,

:46:28.:46:31.

parts of the north-west and Cumbria, you will be unlucky if you do. For

:46:32.:46:36.

most it will be dry with some sunny spells developing, highs of maybe 14

:46:37.:46:41.

like yesterday. Through the evening and overnight, the reigning Northern

:46:42.:46:45.

Ireland pours down, moving across the Isle of Man, into northern

:46:46.:46:49.

England and north Wales, extending through the Midlands into East

:46:50.:46:52.

Anglia but it is patchy. To the south of that there will be patchy

:46:53.:46:56.

fog forming but not as extensive as we thought, to the north of that in

:46:57.:47:00.

Scotland and northern England, patchy fog and cold enough for frost

:47:01.:47:05.

under the clear skies. When the fog lifts tomorrow we will have the best

:47:06.:47:10.

of the sunshine in the north and north-east, further west we have

:47:11.:47:13.

some sunny breaks and some showers in Northern Ireland, parts of north

:47:14.:47:17.

Wales and also in across western parts of Scotland. Into the weekend,

:47:18.:47:23.

it is going to stay mild. We'll have sunny intervals but there will be

:47:24.:47:27.

rain at times in the north and the north-west. How does that translate

:47:28.:47:32.

on the charts? Here it is, the rain in the north and north-west, windy

:47:33.:47:36.

with it but come further south and east and we're looking at brighter

:47:37.:47:40.

skies and some sunshine and again the mild theme continuing. For some

:47:41.:47:48.

the temperatures higher than on the charts, 12, 13, maybe even 14. The

:47:49.:47:52.

same on Sunday temperature wise, rain scooting across East Anglia

:47:53.:47:55.

into the south-east and some rain later in the day coming across the

:47:56.:47:58.

north-west of Scotland where the breeze will pick up. But

:47:59.:48:03.

temperatures, ten or 11. If you like your temperatures higher, into the

:48:04.:48:06.

early part of next week we could well see that. We'll get into the

:48:07.:48:11.

very mild category as opposed to the mild category, but that doesn't mean

:48:12.:48:16.

it will last. We're in a very changeable season at the moment.

:48:17.:48:24.

Carol, thank you very much. Then, some tips about how to save muggy?

:48:25.:48:29.

Most of us are guilty when it comes to dealing with any accounts for

:48:30.:48:35.

energy, phones, that kind of thing. -- Ben, some tips to save money.

:48:36.:48:40.

behaviour of 220,000 people over five years

:48:41.:48:44.

monitoring our habits on everything from bills to banking.

:48:45.:48:47.

35 million people, are overpaying in the shops,

:48:48.:48:55.

and for services like internet, gas and electricity.

:48:56.:48:57.

And there's a real generational divide when it comes

:48:58.:49:00.

With those in their 20s and 30s much worse off and less willing

:49:01.:49:04.

to change their habits than those in their 40s and 50s.

:49:05.:49:08.

Richard Jenkins is from Experian and helped but this report together.

:49:09.:49:25.

This is a really extensive study, we looked at some of the highlights,

:49:26.:49:31.

what was the biggest surprise for you? About the biggest surprise was

:49:32.:49:35.

the number of people who weren't getting the best deal. -- I think.

:49:36.:49:41.

There's a big difference between those who go online and look for the

:49:42.:49:45.

deals, and that obviously narrows down the population and even of

:49:46.:49:50.

those that do look, you've got some of them who are choosing to stick

:49:51.:49:54.

with the ones that they've got and only again they are a minority who

:49:55.:50:00.

actually go to change the deals they've got. It's an amazing

:50:01.:50:05.

statistic, we're more likely to get divorced man change our bank

:50:06.:50:08.

account, I always find that phenomenal but when it comes to that

:50:09.:50:12.

inertia, some say it is too much hassle, filling in extra forms,

:50:13.:50:16.

seeing your bank, finding out the best deal in a pretty complicated

:50:17.:50:21.

market. Isn't it easier to stick with what you've got? That's right,

:50:22.:50:28.

there are very difficult factors put in by organisations to change

:50:29.:50:32.

things, that's a regulatory issue over time and we've seen some

:50:33.:50:36.

improvement there and in terms of bank accounts, it's heading in that

:50:37.:50:40.

direction. But we're also creatures of habit and it's easy to stick with

:50:41.:50:45.

what you do already. We coined the phrase of an invisible tax on

:50:46.:50:50.

inertia where you are in effect paying out money all the time over

:50:51.:50:54.

the years because you can't be bothered or haven't got round to it

:50:55.:50:59.

or it's too difficult to change. Where are we over paying more

:51:00.:51:03.

almost? I mention things like energy bills and phone bills, that kind of

:51:04.:51:09.

thing? It's all the things that we sign up for, particularly if we're

:51:10.:51:14.

signed up for a number of years. Phones is the best example, have you

:51:15.:51:18.

got the best deal, do you use the things you've got, do you need the

:51:19.:51:22.

offers you've got, do you need a new phone every year? Also in terms of

:51:23.:51:28.

insurance and utilities, but insurance is a classic example where

:51:29.:51:32.

there's sometimes a difference between being a new customer and an

:51:33.:51:36.

old customer so it's better to go back and get a better deal. Briefly,

:51:37.:51:42.

top tip? What should people be doing? Switch, look around, shop

:51:43.:51:46.

around? If you work out how much money you're spending on something

:51:47.:51:51.

and compare it with the difference, ?200 here, ?200 there, you could get

:51:52.:51:55.

quite a lot of money with a household! Word it all adds up.

:51:56.:52:04.

Richard, thank you. Top tips, shop around, switch, move, save some

:52:05.:52:07.

money and give me a cut if you do save any!

:52:08.:52:10.

Add it all up together and you can go on holiday! Thanks, Ben.

:52:11.:52:14.

It started as a hobby for Rowan McCabe,

:52:15.:52:17.

knocking on people's doors and offering to write them

:52:18.:52:19.

A year on he's been given an Arts Council

:52:20.:52:24.

grant to continue his work as Britain's only door to door poet.

:52:25.:52:27.

David Sillito met him on his rounds in Gateshead and Stockton.

:52:28.:52:35.

So I knock on strangers' and write poems for them.

:52:36.:52:45.

My hair could be much neater but this could be worse.

:52:46.:52:51.

I joined him on his rounds delivering poems in Stockton.

:52:52.:53:00.

How are you? I'm good thanks, yeah.

:53:01.:53:03.

This is Jane, she likes horse racing.

:53:04.:53:13.

When I got up and opened it, there he stood in his little hat

:53:14.:53:16.

And now, a week or so on, he's back with a poem

:53:17.:53:25.

Specifically, the Grand National legend, Red Rum.

:53:26.:53:32.

The thundering gallops at the races justles.

:53:33.:53:37.

Their faces as he crossed the finish line.

:53:38.:53:44.

I'll see you later, Jean, cheers, take care.

:53:45.:53:54.

I have to ask, how did you become a door-to-door poet?

:53:55.:53:57.

Well, first of all it was to do with boredom, really.

:53:58.:54:04.

You're just bored and you were knocking on people's doors saying,

:54:05.:54:07.

I had this feeling that anyone could enjoy poetry, really.

:54:08.:54:11.

I think I probably am a little bit. But it works.

:54:12.:54:15.

The process always begins with a knock and then

:54:16.:54:18.

if people are willing, a chat, to work out what their poem

:54:19.:54:21.

Probably the state of the country as it is at the moment.

:54:22.:54:29.

Right, OK. Immigration.

:54:30.:54:31.

Right. I voted out.

:54:32.:54:33.

It's a little window into inner lives.

:54:34.:54:36.

A few doors down, Alan was worried about prejudice.

:54:37.:54:44.

His mother was German and life wasn't easy when he was growing up.

:54:45.:54:48.

That's my mum and her friend in Dusseldorf.

:54:49.:54:56.

We had a lot of hostility, certainly my mum did.

:54:57.:55:00.

People spat on her in the street, we've had swastikas painted

:55:01.:55:03.

This is the poem that has been written for him.

:55:04.:55:06.

It's all about his habit of speaking out in defence of others.

:55:07.:55:11.

It starts in dark pub corners, in stomachs full of spite.

:55:12.:55:14.

It ends in concentration camps, the rule of the far right.

:55:15.:55:21.

To speak against their prejudice, to speak against their hate,

:55:22.:55:25.

to speak, to speak, and make it clear, before it gets too late.

:55:26.:55:30.

Mmmm. Chills down my spine.

:55:31.:55:35.

I think it's probably one of the highlights of my life.

:55:36.:55:38.

I'm very moved by it. He's a very clever bloke.

:55:39.:55:45.

I mean, like I was saying while we were there,

:55:46.:55:50.

it's moments like that you just think, best job in the world.

:55:51.:55:53.

Door-to-door poet? Mmhmm.

:55:54.:55:54.

What can be better than that, you know?

:55:55.:55:56.

What I love about that is it clearly works. Not on all occasions but it

:55:57.:56:13.

clearly does on some. There are worst knocks to have on your door,

:56:14.:56:17.

plenty worse! Let us know what you think about that!

:56:18.:56:19.

Time now to get the news, travel and weather where you are.

:56:20.:59:40.

Hello, this is Breakfast with Louise Minchin and Charlie

:59:41.:00:15.

Millions of people could avoid getting colds and flu by taking

:00:16.:00:21.

Researchers say the so-called sunshine vitamin should be added

:00:22.:00:24.

Also on the programme: A second woman is arrested over the suspected

:00:25.:00:48.

assassination of the brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

:00:49.:00:58.

The cost of insurance claims following attacks from dogs on

:00:59.:01:04.

livestock has reached record levels in the past year. I will be finding

:01:05.:01:09.

out how farmers and dog walkers can protect their rights.

:01:10.:01:14.

They have been named and shamed, 360 employers including Debenhams and

:01:15.:01:20.

Peacocks accused of shortchanging workers by not paying the minimum

:01:21.:01:24.

wage. I am looking at ensuring you get what you are entitled to.

:01:25.:01:26.

Baby Francesca was born at just 24 weeks.

:01:27.:01:28.

We'll meet her and her mum as new research shows better

:01:29.:01:33.

outcomes for extremely premature babies.

:01:34.:01:35.

In sport, Arsenal look destined for another early exit

:01:36.:01:37.

from the Champions League as they're thrashed 5-1 by Bayern Munich.

:01:38.:01:49.

For some of us it is a cold and frosty start with fog around

:01:50.:01:55.

and a fair bit of cloud, but the cloud will break,

:01:56.:01:58.

we will see sunshine but expect showers or aim for Northern Ireland

:01:59.:02:01.

and Scotland where at the moment it is also quite windy.

:02:02.:02:04.

The mild theme continues into the weekend and beyond.

:02:05.:02:07.

I will have more details in about 30 minutes.

:02:08.:02:10.

More than three million people could avoid getting colds and flu

:02:11.:02:13.

every year by taking Vitamin D supplements according

:02:14.:02:15.

The study in the British Medical Journal calls for the vitamin to be

:02:16.:02:20.

But Public Health England says the evidence remains inconclusive.

:02:21.:02:23.

Our health correspondent Dominic Hughes reports.

:02:24.:02:25.

This is what vitamin D deficiency can look like.

:02:26.:02:29.

Softened bones bowing under the weight of the body.

:02:30.:02:38.

Researchers say vitamin D can have other benefits.

:02:39.:02:46.

They argue that if everyone got enough vitamin D there would be

:02:47.:02:49.

a 10% reduction in respiratory illnesses like coughs,

:02:50.:02:51.

Among those with the very lowest levels of vitamin D the benefit

:02:52.:02:56.

And across the whole UK population, that would equate to more than 3

:02:57.:03:01.

million people avoiding a cold or flu each year.

:03:02.:03:03.

At present, people are being asked to take supplements in order

:03:04.:03:07.

to meet their vitamin D requirement over winter and spring,

:03:08.:03:10.

but it's expensive and a lot of people won't be able to take

:03:11.:03:15.

or remember to take supplements daily, so a more effective strategy

:03:16.:03:18.

is to introduce food fortification into the food chain.

:03:19.:03:21.

Sunlight on the skin is the best source of vitamin D

:03:22.:03:25.

but the increased use of sunscreen and our weather means exposure

:03:26.:03:28.

We are already advised to take vitamin D throughout the winter

:03:29.:03:35.

and spring months to boost our levels.

:03:36.:03:39.

It can also be found in some foods, like oily fish, eggs and cereals,

:03:40.:03:45.

and the US and Finland add vitamin D as a supplement to food.

:03:46.:03:49.

But some scientists here are not convinced there is enough evidence

:03:50.:03:52.

that vitamin D can prevent other illnesses to justify following suit.

:03:53.:04:00.

Police in Malaysia have arrested a second woman over the death

:04:01.:04:03.

of the half-brother of North Korea's leader.

:04:04.:04:05.

It's thought Kim Jong-Nam was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport.

:04:06.:04:08.

Overnight a second woman was arrested over his death.

:04:09.:04:11.

A postmortem examination has been completed, but the results

:04:12.:04:14.

Earlier we spoke to our correspondent Karishma Vaswani

:04:15.:04:17.

I'm standing outside the hospital where the body of the man believed

:04:18.:04:29.

to be Kim Jong-nam has been over the last three days or so,

:04:30.:04:32.

where a postmortem has been conducted.

:04:33.:04:34.

Police have said that the postmortem examination has been completed,

:04:35.:04:39.

but the results of the investigation have yet to be released.

:04:40.:04:42.

Malaysian police said they arrested a second suspect in this

:04:43.:04:44.

A woman carrying an Indonesian passport on her.

:04:45.:04:53.

Now, she was arrested alone, and she was identified

:04:54.:04:56.

from the closed-circuit camera footage

:04:57.:04:57.

Now, remember, this is the second arrest in this case so far.

:04:58.:05:03.

And, frankly, three days on after the death of Kim Jong-nam

:05:04.:05:06.

it is still extremely unclear as to why

:05:07.:05:08.

The investigation is now focusing on, from what we've heard

:05:09.:05:13.

from the police, finding other suspects in this case.

:05:14.:05:17.

But information is very fluid and the situation is also quite

:05:18.:05:21.

sensitive, given the close diplomatic relations

:05:22.:05:23.

Social care for elderly people is on the brink of collapse in some

:05:24.:05:30.

parts of England, according to the charity Age UK.

:05:31.:05:32.

It says more than 50,000 people are now not receiving any help,

:05:33.:05:36.

despite struggling with essential daily tasks such as washing,

:05:37.:05:38.

Our health correspondent Sophie Hutchinson reports.

:05:39.:05:51.

Last night hundreds of people demonstrated on the streets of Paris

:05:52.:05:54.

to show their support for a black youth worker

:05:55.:05:57.

who claims he was sexually assaulted by police earlier this month.

:05:58.:06:00.

There's been growing tension in some of the city's suburbs

:06:01.:06:03.

since the 22-year-old was arrested a fortnight ago.

:06:04.:06:05.

One police officer has been charged with rape,

:06:06.:06:07.

President Francois Hollande has called for calm and for justice.

:06:08.:06:11.

The Church of England says its bishops will reflect

:06:12.:06:14.

"carefully and prayerfully" after its ruling general synod voted

:06:15.:06:16.

down an important report about gay marriage.

:06:17.:06:18.

The clergy chose to ignore the recommendations by bishops,

:06:19.:06:21.

which suggested that a union should only be between a man and a woman.

:06:22.:06:24.

Our religious affairs correspondent Martin Bashir reports.

:06:25.:06:32.

93 in favour, 100 against, with two abstentions.

:06:33.:06:43.

And with that, General Synod delivered a devastating blow

:06:44.:06:46.

to three years of deliberation on the issue of same sex marriage.

:06:47.:06:50.

The debate itself contained passionate and sometimes painful

:06:51.:06:54.

disclosures on both sides of the argument.

:06:55.:07:01.

Outside of these walls, we are being heard as lacking in love.

:07:02.:07:04.

All sexual expression outside the lifelong and permanent union

:07:05.:07:06.

Lesbian and Gay Christians, who held an all-day vigil outside

:07:07.:07:21.

Church House, broke into song as news of the result filtered through.

:07:22.:07:24.

I think what we've seen is a breakthrough of understanding,

:07:25.:07:27.

of love, of people coming together, really understanding

:07:28.:07:29.

The fact that the Synod has chosen not to take note of the report means

:07:30.:07:38.

effectively that the last three years' work is now rendered null

:07:39.:07:41.

What's certainly happening is that the report we have just

:07:42.:07:48.

presented will not be considered again as a report

:07:49.:07:50.

The process of shared conversation will continue.

:07:51.:07:53.

The bishops say they will reflect carefully and prayerfully

:07:54.:07:56.

A state of emergency has been declared in Christchurch

:07:57.:08:05.

in New Zealand after a huge wildfire forced hundreds of people

:08:06.:08:08.

So far, several homes have been destroyed and the military has been

:08:09.:08:12.

In the hilly suburbs on the outskirts of Christchurch,

:08:13.:08:21.

Hundreds of residents have been evacuated and a state of emergency

:08:22.:08:28.

declared in the city and the neighbouring

:08:29.:08:30.

At least 11 homes have already been lost.

:08:31.:08:33.

About 450 homes have been evacuated so we equate that to around

:08:34.:08:36.

The fire broke out in two separate places on Monday in the dry hills

:08:37.:08:54.

south of Christchurch, before merging into one

:08:55.:08:56.

blaze, which now covers about 1,800 hectares.

:08:57.:08:58.

As 130 firefighters on the ground try to get the upper hand

:08:59.:09:02.

on the blaze, they're being assisted by 14 helicopters and three

:09:03.:09:07.

aircraft, while the military has also been deployed

:09:08.:09:09.

to provide water tankers and personnel.

:09:10.:09:11.

Authorities are warning locals not to leave their escape plans too late

:09:12.:09:14.

while those evacuated wait anxiously.

:09:15.:09:19.

We've been up pretty much all night since we got

:09:20.:09:22.

My neighbours up the hill are absolutely

:09:23.:09:25.

terrified because they're surrounded by forest

:09:26.:09:27.

For now, the only known human casualty, a helicopter pilot

:09:28.:09:34.

who died in a crash while fighting the blaze on Tuesday.

:09:35.:09:37.

It's emerged Winston Churchill was open to the idea

:09:38.:09:40.

An essay, written by the former Prime Minister in 1939,

:09:41.:09:47.

entitled, Are we alone in the universe, has been unearthed

:09:48.:09:50.

In it he muses about the possibility of life evolving elsewhere

:09:51.:09:55.

As people get older they may need some extra help at home with things

:09:56.:10:11.

like getting dressed, washing and eating.

:10:12.:10:13.

But hundreds of thousands of elderly people are struggling with little

:10:14.:10:16.

or no care because of cuts to council budgets in England,

:10:17.:10:19.

It's warning that in some areas the whole system is close

:10:20.:10:24.

to collapse, which would result in services having to be shut down.

:10:25.:10:28.

But the government says it's investing billions of pounds

:10:29.:10:30.

We can talk to Ray James, who is from the Association

:10:31.:10:36.

of Directors of Adult Social Services.

:10:37.:10:38.

Thank you for joining us. I know that you deal closely with councils

:10:39.:10:46.

who work in this area. What stories are you hearing on social care and

:10:47.:10:53.

getting access? Up and down the country we are hearing more councils

:10:54.:10:57.

who are struggling to fund the care of local people need as a result of

:10:58.:11:01.

cuts in government funding over recent years. To give some examples,

:11:02.:11:07.

we are seeing their more people being discharged from hospital

:11:08.:11:11.

early, given the pressure on hospitals, they are often struggling

:11:12.:11:15.

to recruit. In rural areas, the time taken to travel between calls, if

:11:16.:11:19.

someone needs care workers to help them, and the logistical challenges

:11:20.:11:24.

people will face. To try to make for the old and disabled people get

:11:25.:11:28.

support they need, when and where it is needed. Is care being withdrawn

:11:29.:11:32.

or people on long waiting lists to get care? We have more people living

:11:33.:11:37.

longer with more complex needs requiring care, the cost of

:11:38.:11:43.

providing care is going up, rightly, frontline workers see increases in

:11:44.:11:47.

the living wage, which they deserve, so councils are between a rock and a

:11:48.:11:51.

hard place. If more people need care, the cost is going up and

:11:52.:11:57.

government funding doesn't keep pace with that, so either fewer people

:11:58.:12:01.

get care or with try to find ways to spend less money on average per

:12:02.:12:05.

person but try to achieve the same quality of care. Councils have been

:12:06.:12:09.

doing that for years and saving significant sums. We are absolutely

:12:10.:12:15.

at the end of the road and we need real government investment. The

:12:16.:12:16.

Department of Health statement... "We recognise

:12:17.:12:18.

the pressures of an ageing population, which is why

:12:19.:12:20.

we are giving local authorities access to ?7.6 billion of new money

:12:21.:12:23.

for adult social care." They are talking about new money?

:12:24.:12:39.

So, from that 7.6 billion pounds, half of that is from the local

:12:40.:12:43.

counts money, and half of it is coming from parliament. We were

:12:44.:12:49.

clear that ?1 billion extra is needed to standstill next year in

:12:50.:12:53.

2017-18 if we don't see a further increase of in the number of care

:12:54.:12:59.

homes which closed last year, and if we don't see more home care agencies

:13:00.:13:03.

unable to meet the work and handing contracts back to councils. You

:13:04.:13:07.

talked about fewer people getting care and difficult choices to be

:13:08.:13:12.

made, so who is in charge of the choices, and how can you make them?

:13:13.:13:19.

So, councils are in between a rock and a hard place. Enshrined in the

:13:20.:13:23.

Care Act, there are rights for people that when needs reach a

:13:24.:13:27.

certain level, they are entitled to care and support. We also have to

:13:28.:13:32.

recognise the remarkable support from friends, family, carers and

:13:33.:13:36.

other people making to try to help older people remain safe and well in

:13:37.:13:41.

their communities. Those choices are made daily from social healthcare

:13:42.:13:45.

professionals working together. They want to do the best they can for the

:13:46.:13:50.

elderly. In the short and long-term, government needs to provide funding,

:13:51.:13:56.

and work with us and others to build a sustainable long-term solution

:13:57.:13:59.

they talk about. Thank you for your time. The Department of Health said

:14:00.:14:06.

it has gone further than any before it, bringing budgets together

:14:07.:14:09.

through the Better Care Fund and given the NHS ?10 billion per year

:14:10.:14:12.

by 2020-21. It is just gone 7:14am. You're watching

:14:13.:14:18.

Breakfast from BBC News. The main stories this morning:

:14:19.:14:20.

New research claims more than three million people could avoid getting

:14:21.:14:23.

colds and flu every year by taking The Malaysian government says

:14:24.:14:26.

it is considering whether to return the body of the half-brother

:14:27.:14:33.

of North Korean leader, Time for a look at the weather with

:14:34.:14:35.

Carol. Good morning. If you're just stepping out, for

:14:36.:14:50.

much of the UK this morning it's a mild start, mostly dry with one or

:14:51.:14:55.

two showers moving up across south-west England and into Wales,

:14:56.:14:58.

they will fade and later we'll see this cloud piling in across Northern

:14:59.:15:03.

Ireland, bringing some rain. We have low pressure in the north of the

:15:04.:15:07.

country, you can see the squeeze on the isobars, windy in north and west

:15:08.:15:10.

Scotland and the Central Lowlands and here we have some rain. The

:15:11.:15:15.

isobars are much looser as we come further south, only looking at light

:15:16.:15:22.

breezes. First thing this morning there's a touch of frost in the

:15:23.:15:25.

south-west, here we have some showers that will fade and we have

:15:26.:15:28.

some patchy fog. We've seen some forming in the south-east too but

:15:29.:15:32.

some will live by the time we get to mid-morning. Behind it in the west

:15:33.:15:36.

of England and all of Wales, a mixture of sunny spells and variable

:15:37.:15:40.

amounts of cloud. In Northern Ireland you have that combination

:15:41.:15:43.

first thing but it will cloud over and then we have this rain in

:15:44.:15:47.

northern and western Scotland and the windy conditions. Through the

:15:48.:15:51.

day the wind will ease a touch. The rain will turn a bit more showery as

:15:52.:15:56.

it moves to the south and east but many will miss it and in Northern

:15:57.:16:00.

Ireland the rain is coming your way. In England and Wales, mostly dry,

:16:01.:16:03.

some sunny spells and the risk of a shower in the Midlands, north Wales

:16:04.:16:08.

and Cumbria. Many will miss them altogether. Temperatures today, up

:16:09.:16:13.

to 11 or 12 or maybe even 13. Through the evening and overnight,

:16:14.:16:16.

the rain in Northern Ireland continues for a time but then it

:16:17.:16:21.

drifts across the Isle of Man and into the north of England and north

:16:22.:16:25.

Wales. More showery as it goes to the Midlands and East Anglia. Behind

:16:26.:16:29.

it under clear skies, the touch of frost and patchy fog and we will see

:16:30.:16:34.

some patchy fog in the south of England and the Channel Islands but

:16:35.:16:37.

not as much as we thought earlier in the week. Tomorrow that will lift

:16:38.:16:41.

readily through the morning and then we're left with a mostly dry date,

:16:42.:16:45.

variable amounts of cloud, the best of the sunshine in the north and

:16:46.:16:50.

east. In the west, a weak weather front will produce some outbreaks of

:16:51.:16:54.

rain. Temperatures not too dissimilar to today, 9-11 but maybe

:16:55.:16:59.

for some up to 14. Through the weekend the mild weather continues

:17:00.:17:03.

and we'll see Sunny intervals but it will be wet and windy at times,

:17:04.:17:08.

especially in the north and west. To put all of that on charts, on

:17:09.:17:12.

Saturday we have the combination of wet and windy in the north-west but

:17:13.:17:16.

south of that, a drier picture with few showers in the west, south-west

:17:17.:17:21.

England, Northern Ireland and temperatures around 11, 12, 13, 14.

:17:22.:17:26.

Temperature wise we're in a similar bracket on Sunday, a lot of dry

:17:27.:17:31.

weather on Sunday, early rain in East Anglia and late rain in the

:17:32.:17:35.

north and west of Scotland. The breeze here also picking up. As for

:17:36.:17:39.

early next week, the trend is it will stay in the mild or very mild

:17:40.:17:44.

category for the first part and at the moment, and it's still a long

:17:45.:17:48.

way off back, it looks like it will change again. Soay real variety of

:17:49.:17:57.

weather for the next week or so, Charlie and Louise. I thought this

:17:58.:18:02.

morning it was a very biting wind, I no, it's not a technical term. You

:18:03.:18:09.

might use it! Thanks, I will just plagiarise that word! She'll never

:18:10.:18:10.

use it! She might! Thousands of workers have been

:18:11.:18:11.

underpaid according to a Government crackdown and Ben has more and all

:18:12.:18:18.

this morning's business headlines. 350 firms have been named and shamed

:18:19.:18:21.

for failing to pay the minimum wage. Over 15,000 workers

:18:22.:18:32.

were underpaid a total of almost ?1 million across a real

:18:33.:18:39.

range of businesses and one big name you'll

:18:40.:18:42.

recognise, Debenhams. I'll have more on that

:18:43.:18:47.

in half an hour. Waitrose, Iceland and Marks

:18:48.:18:50.

Spencer have topped the charts. Consumer group Which?

:18:51.:18:55.

asked 7000 shoppers to rate stores value for money and shopper

:18:56.:18:58.

experience in the last six months. Official figures out show

:18:59.:19:02.

unemployment has remained at the lowest level

:19:03.:19:06.

for over a decade with less than 5% of the working age

:19:07.:19:08.

population without a job. And the same figures confirmed that

:19:09.:19:11.

average wages were up 2.8%, There are rumours abound Nokia

:19:12.:19:14.

could bring back old school handset the 3310 as people

:19:15.:19:20.

ditch their smartphones It was all over the news

:19:21.:19:22.

yesterday, but Nokia has not We do like them because you can

:19:23.:19:43.

charge the battery and it lasted a whole week, not an hour like many of

:19:44.:19:48.

the modern ones! And you could actually make phone calls! And you

:19:49.:19:53.

have to take wires and chargers and cables with you everywhere these

:19:54.:19:54.

days! Useless! Dog owners are being warned

:19:55.:19:55.

to keep their pets under control It's because the number of attacks

:19:56.:19:58.

on cattle and sheep is on the rise and the cost of insurance claims has

:19:59.:20:03.

reached a record level. The insurer NFU Mutual says

:20:04.:20:06.

livestock attacks rose by nearly 50% Holly Hamilton is at a sheep farm

:20:07.:20:09.

in Lincolnshire for us this morning. There's a dog there which is very

:20:10.:20:23.

much under control. That's right, good morning. Island and I are

:20:24.:20:27.

enjoying a brisk early morning walk in Malton Brown this morning. I am

:20:28.:20:32.

keeping her on a very tight lead, though, because we have some company

:20:33.:20:37.

-- Melton Mowbray. It is the cattle and sheep attacks that have seen

:20:38.:20:42.

insurance claims rocketing, in the Midlands it has doubled and it has

:20:43.:20:46.

tripled in Scotland. The impact it can have on farmers can be hugely

:20:47.:20:50.

damaging both financially and emotionally, as I've been finding

:20:51.:20:53.

out. The great British countryside,

:20:54.:20:57.

enjoyed by tens of thousands of ramblers and dog walkers throughout

:20:58.:21:01.

the year but for farmers these fields are their livelihoods and

:21:02.:21:04.

home to thousands of pounds worth of livestock. Wild dog attacks on

:21:05.:21:09.

cattle and sheep are rare, the number of incidents is on the rise

:21:10.:21:14.

-- while. And often the results can be devastating. I heard dogs barking

:21:15.:21:21.

and came round here in the shed and found two dogs in amongst the sheep

:21:22.:21:25.

and the sheep were in the corner, blood everywhere and the dogs are in

:21:26.:21:28.

a frenzy really. We may well lose more lambs, a couple have been

:21:29.:21:32.

treated with antibiotics now and the scars are still there and we don't

:21:33.:21:37.

know how many more we'll lose. New figures from one major infrared

:21:38.:21:40.

shows the cost of dog attacks on livestock rose by nearly 50% across

:21:41.:21:45.

the country last year with insurance claims amounting to more than

:21:46.:21:49.

?200,000. It's thought the actual cost to the industry could be a lot

:21:50.:21:53.

more. It's a problem that's been with us for many years, dogs have

:21:54.:21:57.

been attacking sheep for as long as I can remember. It's not just a case

:21:58.:22:02.

of losing a few sheep with a dog attack, it's the follow-up problems

:22:03.:22:13.

you get, the vet bills. It's actually an offence to allow your

:22:14.:22:17.

dog to worry sheep. While many dog walkers argue it's their choice

:22:18.:22:20.

whether or not to keep their dog on a lead, the NSU is urging owners to

:22:21.:22:24.

be responsible to ensure their pets are responsible.

:22:25.:22:24.

Clearly some shocking images and shocking incidents of horrific

:22:25.:22:29.

attacks on sheep and cattle but that's not always the case,

:22:30.:22:33.

sometimes it's the family dog who might be trying to play. Charles is

:22:34.:22:38.

the owner of the farm this morning. How serious an issue is this bore

:22:39.:22:43.

you? It's becoming more serious. As the report highlights, we are seeing

:22:44.:22:47.

more incidents like this across the country and farmers are having their

:22:48.:22:51.

livelihoods put at risk. This is the issue, it can be the family dog, it

:22:52.:22:56.

isn't dangerous or large dogs roaming free all the time. Any dog

:22:57.:23:00.

is capable in the right circumstances to cause damage. It's

:23:01.:23:04.

their natural instinct to trace animals that would run away from

:23:05.:23:12.

them, they think they're playing but then play deteriorate and damage

:23:13.:23:14.

occurs. This term sheep worrying sounds quite tame but it can do a

:23:15.:23:18.

lot of damage. Absolutely, some of the attacks are devastating, some

:23:19.:23:23.

farmers have lost over 100 animals in one overnight attack and it

:23:24.:23:27.

threatens their livelihood. It's the emotional stress they go through, it

:23:28.:23:32.

is our livelihoods, we care for and nurture these animals daily and to

:23:33.:23:35.

see the devastation like that puts you in a poor place. Is there

:23:36.:23:42.

anything farmers can do, perhaps putting up more signage? The NFU

:23:43.:23:46.

have been part of an initiative putting up signs. We encourage

:23:47.:23:50.

people to use the countryside, stick to the rights of way but do it

:23:51.:23:54.

responsibly, put your dog on a lead and make sure they're under control

:23:55.:23:58.

and incidents like this when they occur don't happen any more. If

:23:59.:24:02.

people respect the countryside, we know it's a working environments of

:24:03.:24:07.

we need to enjoy this, we are fortunate enough to work here and we

:24:08.:24:12.

need to make sure everyone enjoys it. Ajla isn't my dog, we can speak

:24:13.:24:18.

to her owner, though. I'll let you looked after her now. Is this a

:24:19.:24:24.

resolution to this, you enjoy the countryside, she is used to the

:24:25.:24:27.

animals here, is there a way round this? We need to educate dog owners,

:24:28.:24:32.

it isn't the fault of the dogs, they like to chase so we have to educate

:24:33.:24:37.

the owners, that they are putting the sheep and livestock at risk.

:24:38.:24:42.

I've seen it happened, they are petrified, I saw a dog that was

:24:43.:24:46.

loose and the stress it causes the sheep, it is devastating. We need to

:24:47.:24:51.

educate dog walkers and owners. Some people argue they have a right to

:24:52.:24:55.

let their dog roam free, it's the countryside, what do you say to

:24:56.:25:01.

them? They haven't got a right because it is private land where

:25:02.:25:04.

sheep are grazing and cattle, so they haven't got a right at all. The

:25:05.:25:09.

farmer... The farmer has every right to tell those people that your dog

:25:10.:25:14.

can be shot legally if they are chasing the sheep. Nobody wants to

:25:15.:25:18.

do that, the farmer cares about animals, that is why this is what we

:25:19.:25:23.

are trying to do, educate people walking the dogs. They should be,

:25:24.:25:29.

the dog owners, they should love all animals, so why put the livestock at

:25:30.:25:32.

risk and frighten them and stressed them and kill them, it's not fair.

:25:33.:25:38.

Thank you to you both. -- stress. The advice to dog walkers, if you

:25:39.:25:43.

are near animals then keep your dog on a lead and for farmers to protect

:25:44.:25:48.

their hedges and barriers so everyone can enjoy the countryside.

:25:49.:25:52.

Thank you very much and lovely to see you out there and the dog, very

:25:53.:25:56.

well-behaved, thank you very much. She was able to look through the

:25:57.:26:00.

gates, she's on the lead, but she was very relaxed. Letter know about

:26:01.:26:05.

your experiences, good or bad, when you taken your dog to the country

:26:06.:26:11.

that let us know. You can contact us on Twitter, on Facebook or you can

:26:12.:26:13.

e-mail us. -- let us know. MRI scans can be

:26:14.:26:17.

frightening for children. We'll take a look at the new virtual

:26:18.:26:24.

reality technology helping children to experience what the treatment

:26:25.:26:27.

is like before the real thing. Time now to get the news,

:26:28.:26:30.

travel and weather where you are. Now, though, it's back

:26:31.:26:33.

to Louise and Charlie. This is Breakfast with

:26:34.:29:55.

Louise Minchin and Charlie Stayt. More than three million people

:29:56.:30:07.

could avoid getting colds and flu every year by taking vitamin D

:30:08.:30:11.

supplements according The study in the British Medical

:30:12.:30:13.

Journal calls for the vitamin to be But Public Health England says

:30:14.:30:17.

the evidence remains inconclusive. The Malaysian government says it

:30:18.:30:24.

will return the body of the half-brother of North Korean

:30:25.:30:26.

leader Kim Jong-Un. It's thought Kim Jong-Nam

:30:27.:30:29.

was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur Overnight a second woman

:30:30.:30:31.

was arrested over his death. A postmortem examination has been

:30:32.:30:34.

completed, but the results Social care for elderly people

:30:35.:30:37.

is on the brink of collapse in some parts of England,

:30:38.:30:45.

according to Age UK. A new report from the charity says

:30:46.:30:47.

more than 50,000 people are now not receiving any help,

:30:48.:30:51.

despite struggling with daily tasks such as washing, eating

:30:52.:30:53.

and getting out of bed. The Government says it recognises

:30:54.:30:56.

the pressures on the system and is working on a long-term,

:30:57.:30:58.

sustainable solution. We're seeing the beginnings

:30:59.:31:09.

of something that's going to get a lot worse, and that's

:31:10.:31:11.

because if there is going to be any extra money for social care,

:31:12.:31:15.

it's not coming out. And that's a real concern,

:31:16.:31:17.

because every day we have an ageing population, we have more people over

:31:18.:31:22.

85 in particular who need care and therefore unless the money

:31:23.:31:29.

is keeping pace we are having Hundreds of people demonstrated

:31:30.:31:32.

on the streets of Paris last night to show their support

:31:33.:31:37.

for a black youth worker who claims he was sexually assaulted

:31:38.:31:39.

by police earlier this month. There's been growing tension in some

:31:40.:31:42.

of the city's suburbs since the 22-year-old

:31:43.:31:45.

was arrested a fortnight ago. One police officer has

:31:46.:31:47.

been charged with rape, President Francois Hollande has

:31:48.:31:49.

called for calm and for justice. The Church of England

:31:50.:31:54.

says its bishops will take time to reflect after the ruling general

:31:55.:31:56.

synod voted down an important report The clergy chose to ignore

:31:57.:31:59.

recommendations which suggested that a union should only be

:32:00.:32:03.

between a man and a woman. The bishops are now expected

:32:04.:32:06.

to produce a new report A state of emergency has been

:32:07.:32:08.

declared in Christchurch in New Zealand after a huge wildfire

:32:09.:32:21.

forced thousands of people So far, several properties have been

:32:22.:32:24.

destroyed and the military has been deployed to help firefighters,

:32:25.:32:28.

along with 14 helicopters It's emerged Winston Churchill

:32:29.:32:30.

was open to the idea An essay, written by the former

:32:31.:32:35.

Prime Minister in 1939, entitled, Are we alone

:32:36.:32:39.

in the universe, has been unearthed In it he muses about the possibility

:32:40.:32:42.

of life evolving elsewhere never got published, which is

:32:43.:33:10.

fascinating. Talking about history, Arsene Wenger has plenty of history.

:33:11.:33:12.

What is that picture? It looks like a man in panic. Like

:33:13.:33:20.

he cannot believe what he is saying. For the first hour you would almost

:33:21.:33:26.

say that Arsenal, you could see their plan, and which one of the

:33:27.:33:31.

clubs will come back. Which one would come back to take the match,

:33:32.:33:35.

it definitely was Arsenal, who fell apart. Huge questions all over the

:33:36.:33:41.

newspapers about Arsene Wenger's future as the club face elimination

:33:42.:33:46.

from the knockout stage of the Champions League for the seventh

:33:47.:33:47.

straight season. Arsenal are facing elimination

:33:48.:33:50.

from the first knockout stage of the Champions League

:33:51.:33:52.

for the seventh straight season. Bayern Munich simply

:33:53.:33:55.

took them apart. Arjen Robben opened the scoring,

:33:56.:33:56.

and, although Arsenal's Alexis Sanchez eventually put

:33:57.:33:59.

in the rebound from his own penalty to make it 1-1, Bayern were simply

:34:00.:34:02.

too good for Arsenal Two goals from Thiago helped give

:34:03.:34:04.

the German champions a four-goal The real problems we faced

:34:05.:34:09.

was after the third goal because we we lost our organisation

:34:10.:34:13.

and we looked mentally very jaded and very vulnerable

:34:14.:34:16.

from that moment onwards. And after the last 25

:34:17.:34:18.

minutes it was a nightmare Real Madrid came from behind

:34:19.:34:21.

as they beat Napoli 3-1 in the first A stunning volley from Casemiro

:34:22.:34:39.

sealed the win in the Bernabeu That is just such

:34:40.:34:44.

a great goal, isn't it? Manchester City Women have signed

:34:45.:34:51.

World Cup-winner and FIFA World Player of

:34:52.:34:54.

the Year Carli Lloyd. Have a look at what City fans

:34:55.:34:56.

can look forward to - A 13-minute hat-trick

:34:57.:34:59.

in the 2015 World Cup final. The 34-year

:35:00.:35:06.

old joins the WSL champions I am always looking to improve my

:35:07.:35:08.

game, I am always looking for the next challenge,

:35:09.:35:12.

the next big thing and to be able to come here,

:35:13.:35:14.

trained with some of the world's test players, be at the world's best

:35:15.:35:18.

facility, play in the Champions League, hopefully win an FA Cup

:35:19.:35:21.

and winter spring series. There are so many

:35:22.:35:24.

goals that I want to Scotland will be without their

:35:25.:35:26.

captain Greig Laidlaw for the rest He suffered an ankle injury

:35:27.:35:38.

in the first half of the defeat Further assessment has confirmed

:35:39.:35:43.

that the Gloucester scrum-half sustained ligament damage,

:35:44.:35:53.

and will miss the remaining four England's new Test cricket captain

:35:54.:35:56.

Joe Root says he'll be seeking the advice of his predecessors

:35:57.:36:00.

before taking charge of the team He's only been skipper in a handful

:36:01.:36:03.

of first class games before But is promising to be

:36:04.:36:08.

an instinctive captain. Having played 50 odd games now

:36:09.:36:10.

I have quite a lot of experience I might not have captained

:36:11.:36:13.

a lot of county cricket but having vice captained

:36:14.:36:17.

in the team, becoming more experienced, I have had to thing

:36:18.:36:19.

as if I am a captain anyway. You have heard that you never really

:36:20.:36:23.

know until you are given the opportunity but I am excited

:36:24.:36:29.

about all of the challenges Defending champion Ronnie O'Sullivan

:36:30.:36:32.

is out of snooker's Welsh Open after losing 4-3 to Mark Davis

:36:33.:36:36.

in the second round. Meanwhile, a 15-year-old schoolboy

:36:37.:36:39.

will have to take more time Jackson Page had to get permission

:36:40.:36:42.

to be off school to play John Astley, and now he's

:36:43.:36:47.

into the third round in Cardiff. I knew I could play well and go far

:36:48.:36:55.

and obviously I went further People told me just to enjoy

:36:56.:36:58.

it and the experience, In myself, I knew I could win a few

:36:59.:37:02.

games and keep on going hopefully. I have to say, he looks very

:37:03.:37:24.

grown-up. So composed. And he is studying for his GCSEs. They realise

:37:25.:37:35.

this could be his career. He has already won ?3000. Good luck to him.

:37:36.:37:38.

Thank you very much. Virtual Reality is the technology

:37:39.:37:40.

that can transport you into another world and now it is being used

:37:41.:37:43.

to help children to relax before An app has been developed to give

:37:44.:37:46.

them a realistic idea of what the procedure will actually

:37:47.:37:50.

be like so they're more prepared 10-year-old Matthew

:37:51.:37:54.

is back in hospital again. In September, 2014, I suffered

:37:55.:38:04.

from extreme hydrocephalus, which means a buildup

:38:05.:38:06.

of fluid in the brain. The procedure was a success and now

:38:07.:38:08.

as part of his recovery, Matthew has to have regular MRI

:38:09.:38:29.

scans to check everything's OK. Being inside a scan machine can be

:38:30.:38:32.

quite a scary experience The scan itself can

:38:33.:38:35.

take up to an hour. You have to stay incredibly

:38:36.:38:39.

still in a small space and once the scan actually starts,

:38:40.:38:42.

it's incredibly loud. Now I feel OK because I've

:38:43.:38:44.

had it a few times now. But the first time I remember

:38:45.:38:50.

I remember thinking to myself, But in the end it's

:38:51.:38:53.

just a bit of beeping. And that's why some children are put

:38:54.:39:06.

to sleep for the duration We're just going to

:39:07.:39:09.

bring you out now... But now doctors here

:39:10.:39:13.

at King's College Hospital in London are hoping this app will better

:39:14.:39:16.

prepare children and put Do you want to put

:39:17.:39:19.

the headset on your head? These panoramic 360 degrees videos

:39:20.:39:22.

will allow children to experience what a scan is like before

:39:23.:39:25.

the real thing takes place. I have an office right next

:39:26.:39:28.

to the MRI scanner so often I can hear children coming

:39:29.:39:33.

through and you can hear they're really scared, sometimes they start

:39:34.:39:35.

crying before they go into the scan and I'm aware of the fact they find

:39:36.:39:38.

it really difficult to sit still. So I thought I was interested

:39:39.:39:42.

in Google Cardboard and virtual reality, I had a 360 camera bought

:39:43.:39:45.

for me for Christmas and I thought I could take footage

:39:46.:39:49.

from within the scanner that allows a child to experience a scan

:39:50.:39:52.

in virtual reality beforehand and that just prepares them

:39:53.:39:54.

for the scan so it's not so scary Doctors hope this app will reduce

:39:55.:39:58.

the number of patients needing It's good for the children and good

:39:59.:40:02.

for the services where we can hopefully avoid a few

:40:03.:40:09.

general anaesthetics, even if there is a small number

:40:10.:40:11.

a year, for patients coming The best way to cope with it I think

:40:12.:40:14.

is to close your eyes. Hopefully this app will really help

:40:15.:40:19.

and just don't worry about it. And it is clearly helping.

:40:20.:40:41.

Absolutely. You are watching Breakfast on BBC News.

:40:42.:40:48.

New research claims that 3 million could avoid getting the cold and flu

:40:49.:40:54.

every year by taking vitamin D supplements. The Malaysian

:40:55.:40:59.

government is returning to body of the half brother of the North Korean

:41:00.:41:03.

leader Kim Jong-un to the North Korean embassy. And let's have a

:41:04.:41:06.

look at the weather. A beautiful picture. Good morning. We were

:41:07.:41:12.

talking about how it is a mild start, so I thought they would show

:41:13.:41:16.

you that temperatures, the exceptions in south England, in

:41:17.:41:21.

Exeter, two degrees, Belfast, six, Manchester six, seven in London at

:41:22.:41:25.

eight in Cardiff and Edinburgh. Relatively mild for the time of

:41:26.:41:30.

year. What is happening is we have a lot of cloud at the moment, and more

:41:31.:41:35.

to come for Northern Ireland, which will introduce rain, and low

:41:36.:41:40.

pressure to the north of Scotland, that is wrapping showers, some are

:41:41.:41:44.

merging, a rounded, and it is rather windy not just in the north but also

:41:45.:41:48.

for the Central Lowlands. -- around it. The rain will turn showery as it

:41:49.:41:55.

pushes to the east. And then as we pushed to Northern Ireland, more

:41:56.:41:59.

rain coming in here. For the rest of England and Wales, after a cloudy

:42:00.:42:04.

start, some of us will see the cloud break up and sunshine come through.

:42:05.:42:09.

Into the afternoon, beautiful force out west England and the south

:42:10.:42:13.

Midlands into East Anglia and Kent, there is the risk of 102 showers

:42:14.:42:18.

here and there but most of us will miss them. You might get them in the

:42:19.:42:22.

Midlands, north Wales and Cumbria, for example, at a will be reining in

:42:23.:42:28.

the afternoon -- one or two showers. As it pushes to the east, most of us

:42:29.:42:33.

won't see any of it at all. -- but it will be reining in the afternoon.

:42:34.:42:38.

It moves across the Isle of Man in to Northern Ireland, north Wales,

:42:39.:42:42.

extending in a patchy nature of cross the Midlands into the

:42:43.:42:46.

south-east. To the north of that under clear skies it will be cold

:42:47.:42:50.

with some patchy fog and patchy fog in the south but perhaps not as much

:42:51.:42:55.

as we thought earlier in the week. Now, the fog will lift readily

:42:56.:42:59.

through the course of tomorrow. The best of the sunshine in the north

:43:00.:43:03.

and north-east. We will see cloud breaks across England and Wales. In

:43:04.:43:07.

Northern Ireland and western Scotland, a weather front comes in,

:43:08.:43:11.

it is a weak affair, and it will introduce outbreaks of rain. On the

:43:12.:43:17.

weekend it will continue to be mild with sunny intervals but at times

:43:18.:43:21.

there will be some rain in the north and the north-west. On Saturday and

:43:22.:43:27.

Sunday we are looking at a fair bit of cloud around, some showers, the

:43:28.:43:35.

rain coming in across the north and west, here it will be breezy but

:43:36.:43:39.

around here on Saturday and Sunday it will be cloudy with cloud

:43:40.:43:43.

breaking up, so we will see some sunshine coming through. It is

:43:44.:43:47.

breezy with temperatures up to about ten, 11, maybe 12 or 13, and as we

:43:48.:43:51.

head into the working week it looks like it will get into the very mild

:43:52.:43:57.

category of temperatures, 13 and 14, quite widely, possibly more, but it

:43:58.:43:58.

won't last. OK, Carol. Thank you. A greater number of extremely

:43:59.:44:10.

premature babies are surviving without developing disabilities like

:44:11.:44:13.

cerebral palsy and epilepsy because of improvements to prenatal care. I

:44:14.:44:17.

am laughing because I know that you can see the next guest. Research

:44:18.:44:22.

published looked at more than 4000 babies born between 22 and 24 weeks

:44:23.:44:26.

compared to children born one decade earlier. Joining us is Victoria

:44:27.:44:31.

Bradley and her daughter, Francesca, who was born at 24 weeks and is now

:44:32.:44:36.

ten months old, and from the London newsroom, Doctor Chris Gayle from

:44:37.:44:40.

the Royal College of paediatrics and child health, and Francesco's father

:44:41.:44:45.

is here as well. Francesca, first of all, so, she was really tiny. Tell

:44:46.:44:54.

us a little about her? She was 11.5 centimetres in length, one pound

:44:55.:45:02.

six, poorly condition, she didn't have a heartbeat on her, so they

:45:03.:45:14.

have to work on her for 11 minutes, and obviously she did have a number

:45:15.:45:21.

of complications during her stay in the neonatal as well.

:45:22.:45:26.

She is so cute! I'm in charge of the smiling over here! Tell us,

:45:27.:45:33.

straightaway, this report is all about the long-term problems that

:45:34.:45:38.

sometimes premature babies face. How is she? She's fine, she's absolutely

:45:39.:45:44.

perfect. As I say, the only thing she has is chronic lung disease

:45:45.:45:48.

because of the ventilator but other than that, that will repair itself

:45:49.:45:53.

by the time she's two. How many weeks while she born at? 24 plus

:45:54.:45:59.

two. Paul, it must have been very traumatic for you? It was terrible,

:46:00.:46:03.

it was unexpected, when we went in we didn't know what was going on.

:46:04.:46:07.

When she was born it was three hours before she even found out what it

:46:08.:46:13.

was, they worked on her, nine to 12 people working on her at anyone

:46:14.:46:17.

time. We are so grateful for how much of an expert they were to get

:46:18.:46:22.

her to survive. We were just shocked, weren't we? Having an older

:46:23.:46:30.

daughter, nearly 17, Rebecca, and her birth was fantastic, nothing

:46:31.:46:35.

wrong. I thought I'd experienced everything but I hadn't. Let's speak

:46:36.:46:44.

to Doctor Chris Gale. It seems babies are surviving without

:46:45.:46:48.

neurological implications, which is really good news, isn't it?

:46:49.:46:52.

Absolutely. This is a wonderful story, a wonderful piece of

:46:53.:46:57.

research. I think absolutely these are overwhelmingly positive results

:46:58.:47:00.

for these very premature babies. What's made the difference? I think

:47:01.:47:06.

this paper that you referred to, and a lot of other research, suggests

:47:07.:47:10.

we're getting better at providing care before these babies are born,

:47:11.:47:15.

during birth and in particular after their born. We're getting better at

:47:16.:47:20.

providing care for these most premature babies. Because we're

:47:21.:47:26.

getting better at providing it, that's why so many more babies are

:47:27.:47:29.

surviving and more importantly surviving without long-term

:47:30.:47:33.

developmental problems, as this paper so nicely points out.

:47:34.:47:40.

Victoria, it's worth mentioning that the timing is so crucial. Explain to

:47:41.:47:46.

people, there a two-day margin in your situation with Francesca.

:47:47.:47:49.

Explain that and the significance of when she was born. They said because

:47:50.:47:56.

I was just over the 24 week Mshe is classed as a viable pregnancy and

:47:57.:48:01.

viable birth, but if she was born two days before that they wouldn't

:48:02.:48:05.

have done anything. Obviously she's not then classed as a baby, it would

:48:06.:48:09.

have been classed as a miscarriage, even though I would have still had

:48:10.:48:13.

to give birth to her. Reflecting on what the doctor said a moment ago,

:48:14.:48:17.

Paul, you were saying about the levels of care you got immediately

:48:18.:48:21.

afterwards. That was something that kicked in straightaway. Liverpool

:48:22.:48:25.

women's hospital were fantastic from the moment I went into the moment we

:48:26.:48:29.

left, they were brilliant in everything that they done for us and

:48:30.:48:35.

for Francesca. It wasn't just her care, it was the emotional support

:48:36.:48:39.

for us every time we went on. I just caught sight of the picture of your

:48:40.:48:44.

hand and Francesca, it really gives you a sense of how tiny she was.

:48:45.:48:50.

Doctor Gale, this research comes from America but this is echoed with

:48:51.:48:54.

what's happening with babies here? Yes. This study was carried out in

:48:55.:49:00.

the United States. It was a study from 11 of their most specialised

:49:01.:49:04.

teaching hospitals. It's difficult to know how much it would apply to

:49:05.:49:09.

other babies in the United States or two babies in the United Kingdom.

:49:10.:49:13.

That said it's a very positive finding, it's very good news and it

:49:14.:49:17.

does echo results we've had over the last five to ten years from

:49:18.:49:21.

population-based studies in the UK indicating that for these most

:49:22.:49:25.

premature babies, more are surviving and more are surviving without

:49:26.:49:29.

developmental problems and those problems with vision, hearing,

:49:30.:49:33.

movement and the way babies think. When somebody is in this position

:49:34.:49:40.

where it's a really scary position to know you're going to have a baby

:49:41.:49:44.

that's really early, what would your message be to them now? Absolutely.

:49:45.:49:48.

Victoria and Paul would be able to talk with more experience about just

:49:49.:49:55.

how difficult it is to be in that situation and how terribly hard it

:49:56.:49:59.

is to have a very premature baby and the emotional rollercoaster that

:50:00.:50:03.

comes with having these babies, and a long time they need to spend on

:50:04.:50:08.

neonatal units. But despite all of these advances, many babies born at

:50:09.:50:13.

these latter dates don't survive and a proportion of survivors will have

:50:14.:50:18.

long-term problems. Paul, a last thought, the doctor was saying about

:50:19.:50:21.

how parents know how difficult those times can be. Yours is a wonderful

:50:22.:50:26.

story, Francesca has been clapping and smiling all the way through,

:50:27.:50:30.

it's a wonderful story that might in other circumstances not have worked.

:50:31.:50:36.

For me personally the strategy to me as a human being, it's not about the

:50:37.:50:40.

Mum, it's about the dad, they were concerned about me as well as

:50:41.:50:44.

obviously Victoria. Their support got the three of us through it. Our

:50:45.:50:50.

journey at the moment has been fantastic. It started off the worst

:50:51.:50:54.

it possibly could have been and look at her now, she is absolutely

:50:55.:50:58.

superb! She is indeed. Thank you for coming in and she has been so

:50:59.:51:04.

well-behaved and so smiley! And Doctor Chris Gale, thank you for

:51:05.:51:05.

your time as well! Over 15,000 people have been ripped

:51:06.:51:10.

off by their bosses, who've not been paying

:51:11.:51:15.

them the minimum wage. Yes, the tax man has named

:51:16.:51:17.

and shamed 350 businesses who haven't been paying

:51:18.:51:21.

the minimum wage They found over 15,000

:51:22.:51:23.

workers were underpaid a total of almost ?1 million

:51:24.:51:29.

across a real range of businesses, To one big name you'll

:51:30.:51:32.

recognise, Debenhams. They underpaid 12,000 of their staff

:51:33.:51:44.

but by about ?11 each. Here's the boss speaking on last

:51:45.:51:47.

night's The One Show. People would be surprised one of the

:51:48.:51:54.

country's leading retailers is underpaying so many of its staff,

:51:55.:51:58.

failing to meet a basic legal requirement. It's like sticking a

:51:59.:52:02.

Blue Cross discount sticker on your hardest workers. We were underpaying

:52:03.:52:07.

on our hourly rate for some of our staff, not all of them. We fixed

:52:08.:52:11.

that era as soon as it came out of the audit, so no one today is out of

:52:12.:52:16.

pocket to do that and we fixed the systems that led to that problem.

:52:17.:52:19.

Was the Chief Executive affected by this era, was the chairman, were

:52:20.:52:26.

you? I wasn't at the company nor was the existing chief executive. It was

:52:27.:52:30.

only people on an hourly calculation from ?1 to a maximum of ?350 over

:52:31.:52:35.

three years, we did make a mistake. You weren't aware until Her

:52:36.:52:38.

Majesty's Revenue and Customs brought it to your attention, how

:52:39.:52:42.

many people you have on payroll at Debenhams. You broke the law. It's a

:52:43.:52:46.

shame that technical error happened but it wasn't intentional.

:52:47.:52:48.

Joining me now is Allison Loveday, she's a managing partner at the law

:52:49.:52:51.

Good morning. Les get back to basics. What is it that they have

:52:52.:53:03.

been accused of? That let's. Underpaying ?350 million, 350 firms,

:53:04.:53:07.

what has been alleged -- let's. It's a failure to pay the living wage.

:53:08.:53:12.

That's calculated on the basis of the hours people work. It can be

:53:13.:53:17.

quite complicated in some industries, particularly for example

:53:18.:53:21.

the care sector because there's lots of shift allowances, may be sleeping

:53:22.:53:25.

time, waiting are all so for those jobs it can be a complicated

:53:26.:53:30.

calculation but for a normal job it is straightforward -- waitings. It

:53:31.:53:35.

is whether the firms were doing it maliciously and with full knowledge

:53:36.:53:39.

all-weather in some cases it was an administrative error. Yes, and you

:53:40.:53:42.

heard from Debenhams, they're taking the line this was a technical error

:53:43.:53:47.

but most people will question a business of that resource, could

:53:48.:53:52.

they not get it right? Perhaps for a smaller hairdressers, one or two

:53:53.:53:56.

staff, people might be a bit more forgiving. Ultimately these are

:53:57.:53:59.

minimum wage levels and I think again you question whether people

:54:00.:54:04.

should take it down to the bone. It then raises the question about who

:54:05.:54:08.

is responsible, the workers who should be looking at what they're

:54:09.:54:12.

being paid, or is the onus on the employer to get it right in the

:54:13.:54:15.

first place? The onus is on the employers to get it right, that's

:54:16.:54:19.

legally how it would be interpreted. But if you're on the minimum wage,

:54:20.:54:24.

obviously every pound counts so it's worth while checking and you can

:54:25.:54:29.

complain to ACAS if you have any concerns at all that your wage isn't

:54:30.:54:33.

being calculated correctly. Let's talk specifics, what are people

:54:34.:54:38.

entitled to? They're entitled to the living wage, which for adults over

:54:39.:54:43.

20 is ?7 20 at the moment. That would be readjusted in April and

:54:44.:54:48.

there are various rates depending on age. If you're not being paid that,

:54:49.:54:52.

if you look at your payslip for last week and you should be getting

:54:53.:54:55.

something that you're not, what should you do? Take it up with your

:54:56.:55:03.

employer first, that's what's expected. Ideally employment issue

:55:04.:55:06.

disputes will be resolved and that will be the end of it but if that

:55:07.:55:10.

isn't dealt with in a timely and good manner then ACAS can get on

:55:11.:55:14.

board. Is naming and shaming the way to deal with this? This is the

:55:15.:55:19.

latest round, 350 firms, others have done this, is this enough to make

:55:20.:55:24.

employers take action? It's a combined approach. In addition to

:55:25.:55:28.

having to pay the wages there are penalties and I think this is part

:55:29.:55:32.

of that portfolio of action. At the end of the day it is on national

:55:33.:55:36.

news now, so that's good, it's raising awareness and it may make a

:55:37.:55:40.

few more employers think they have to check the payroll. We will be

:55:41.:55:47.

watching very closely. Allison, good to speak to you, the Chief Executive

:55:48.:55:51.

of the law firm Berg Legal. See you after 8am.

:55:52.:59:14.

You can get plenty more on this morning's stories on our website

:59:15.:59:18.

Hello, this is Breakfast with Louise Minchin and Charlie Stayt.

:59:19.:59:47.

Millions of people could avoid getting colds and flu by taking

:59:48.:59:50.

Researchers say the so-called sunshine vitamin should be

:59:51.:59:55.

Good morning. It's Thursday 16th February.

:59:56.:00:15.

A second woman is arrested over the suspected assassination

:00:16.:00:21.

of the brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

:00:22.:00:29.

The cost of insurance claims following dog attacks on livestock

:00:30.:00:36.

has reached record levels in the UK. I'm in Melton Mowbray finding out

:00:37.:00:38.

how dog owners and farmers can protect their rights.

:00:39.:00:41.

360 employers, including Debenhams and Peacocks,

:00:42.:00:43.

are accused of short-changing workers

:00:44.:00:46.

I'm looking at how to make sure you get what you're entitled to.

:00:47.:00:54.

In sport, Arsenal look destined for another early exit

:00:55.:00:57.

from the Champions League as they're thrashed 5-1 by Bayern Munich.

:00:58.:01:08.

# People say the meanest things # If the truth be told, I do care

:01:09.:01:12.

what they think. Hitting back at his critics,

:01:13.:01:14.

singer songwriter James Blunt Softened will be here to tell us

:01:15.:01:16.

about his latest album. For most of us can mark a mild start

:01:17.:01:28.

to the day. Cloud around, sunshine and further sunshine developing. We

:01:29.:01:32.

have wet and windy conditions across the North of Scotland and rain

:01:33.:01:35.

coming into Northern Ireland. More details on all of that in 15

:01:36.:01:39.

minutes. Thanks, Carol.

:01:40.:01:43.

Good morning, first our main story, More than three million people

:01:44.:01:46.

could avoid getting colds and flu every year by taking

:01:47.:01:49.

Vitamin D supplements according to new research.

:01:50.:01:50.

The study in the British Medical Journal calls for the vitamin

:01:51.:01:53.

But Public Health England says the evidence remains inconclusive.

:01:54.:01:56.

Our health correspondent Dominic Hughes reports.

:01:57.:01:57.

This is what vitamin D deficiency can look like.

:01:58.:01:59.

Softened bones bowing under the weight of the body.

:02:00.:02:04.

Now Researchers say vitamin D can have other benefits.

:02:05.:02:14.

They argue that if everyone got enough vitamin D there would be

:02:15.:02:19.

a 10% reduction in the risk of respiratory illnesses like coughs,

:02:20.:02:22.

Among those with the very lowest levels of vitamin D,

:02:23.:02:28.

And across the whole UK population, that would equate to more than 3

:02:29.:02:33.

million people avoiding a cold or flu each year.

:02:34.:02:36.

At present, people are being asked to take supplements in order

:02:37.:02:38.

to meet their vitamin D requirement over winter and spring,

:02:39.:02:49.

but it's expensive and a lot of people won't remember able to take

:02:50.:02:52.

or remember to take supplements daily, so a more effective strategy

:02:53.:02:55.

is to introduce food fortification into the food chain.

:02:56.:02:57.

Sunlight on the skin is the best source of vitamin D

:02:58.:03:00.

but the increased use of sunscreen, and our weather, means exposure

:03:01.:03:03.

We are already advised to take vitamin D throughout the winter

:03:04.:03:07.

and spring months to boost our levels.

:03:08.:03:09.

It can also be found in some foods, like oily fish, eggs and cereals,

:03:10.:03:12.

and the US and Finland add vitamin D as a supplement to food.

:03:13.:03:17.

But some scientists here are not convinced there is enough evidence

:03:18.:03:20.

that vitamin D can prevent other illnesses to justify following suit.

:03:21.:03:26.

In the next ten minutes, we'll be speaking to GP Farrah Sheikh

:03:27.:03:32.

about the best sources of vitamin D, and whether eating more of it

:03:33.:03:35.

The Malaysian government says the authorities will return the body

:03:36.:03:42.

of the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un to the embassy.

:03:43.:03:45.

It's thought Kim Jong-nam was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport.

:03:46.:03:48.

Overnight, a second woman was arrested over his death.

:03:49.:03:52.

A post mortem examination has been completed, but the results

:03:53.:03:54.

Earlier, we spoke to our correspondent Karishma

:03:55.:03:58.

I'm standing outside the hospital where the body of the man believed

:03:59.:04:06.

to be Kim Jong-nam has been over the last three days or so,

:04:07.:04:10.

where a postmortem has been conducted.

:04:11.:04:12.

Police have said that the postmortem examination has been completed,

:04:13.:04:15.

but the results of the investigation have yet to be released.

:04:16.:04:22.

Malaysian police also said they arrested a second suspect in this

:04:23.:04:26.

A woman carrying an Indonesian passport on her.

:04:27.:04:30.

Now, she was arrested alone, and she was identified

:04:31.:04:32.

from the closed-circuit camera footage taken from the scene

:04:33.:04:35.

Now, remember, this is the second arrest in this case so far.

:04:36.:04:43.

And frankly, three days on after the death of Kim Jong-nam,

:04:44.:04:47.

it's still extremely unclear as to why he was murdered in Malaysia.

:04:48.:04:50.

The investigation is now focusing on, from what we've heard

:04:51.:04:55.

from Malaysian police, finding other suspects in this case.

:04:56.:04:57.

But information is very fluid and the situation is also quite

:04:58.:05:00.

sensitive, given the close diplomatic relations

:05:01.:05:02.

Social care for elderly people is on the brink of collapse

:05:03.:05:09.

in some parts of England, according to the charity Age UK.

:05:10.:05:12.

It says more than 50,000 people are now not receiving any help,

:05:13.:05:15.

despite struggling with essential daily tasks such as washing,

:05:16.:05:18.

Our Health Correspondent Sophie Hutchinson reports.

:05:19.:05:26.

For ten years, Elaine Yates has cared for her husband.

:05:27.:05:31.

They managed to get some social care.

:05:32.:05:36.

But Elaine, who runs a support group for carers,

:05:37.:05:38.

When Michael first came into the system, it was easier

:05:39.:05:45.

because we had our own care manager that grew to know us and could help

:05:46.:05:51.

Today, people coming into the system, they don't get

:05:52.:06:01.

that kind of support, they don't get a care manager.

:06:02.:06:04.

Today's report from Age UK says that since 2010,

:06:05.:06:06.

that has been a rise of 50% in the amount of elderly people that

:06:07.:06:09.

The charity's particularly concerned with the more than 50,000 people

:06:10.:06:22.

who struggle with three or more of these activities,

:06:23.:06:24.

While social care is run in different ways across the UK,

:06:25.:06:32.

cuts have meant councils in England have had to reduce the Councils

:06:33.:06:35.

in England have had to reduce the amount they spend

:06:36.:06:37.

And Age UK says emergency funding is now needed to avert a complete

:06:38.:06:41.

We're seeing the beginnings of something that's

:06:42.:06:48.

That's because, if there is going to be any extra money

:06:49.:06:54.

for social care, it's not coming yet.

:06:55.:06:55.

Because every day we have an ageing population and people over 85

:06:56.:06:59.

The Government says it recognises the pressures on the system

:07:00.:07:03.

and is working on a sustainable solution.

:07:04.:07:06.

There's now a growing expectation a rescue package may be included

:07:07.:07:08.

The new US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson flew

:07:09.:07:17.

into Germany overnight ahead of meetings with G20 foreign ministers

:07:18.:07:19.

It's the former oil executive's first taste of international

:07:20.:07:24.

Our correspondent Jenny Hill joins us live from Berlin.

:07:25.:07:32.

We have a new president, a new Secretary of State, what impact will

:07:33.:07:38.

that have on this particular G20 meeting?

:07:39.:07:44.

Today, for Rex Tillerson, it is about reassurance, if you like. Many

:07:45.:07:48.

of his counterparts sat around the G20 table have Ben Ransom by Mr

:07:49.:07:52.

Trump's rhetoric, and secondly by the chaotic beginning to his

:07:53.:07:59.

Administration. Rex Tillerson's State Department officials have told

:08:00.:08:03.

the BBC he is expected to reassure counterparts that the US remains

:08:04.:08:08.

committed to Nato. Mr Trump described the administration as

:08:09.:08:14.

obsolete. He can expect Russia to dominate a lot of the conversation

:08:15.:08:19.

today. Many of his allies around the table have been concerned, firstly

:08:20.:08:24.

because Mr Trump has called for a different relationship between

:08:25.:08:27.

Washington and the Kremlin. There are a lot of questions at the moment

:08:28.:08:32.

about the new Administration's ties to the Kremlin. Rex Tillerson is

:08:33.:08:36.

expected to meet Russian counterparts on the edge of the G20

:08:37.:08:41.

summit today. He is also expected to reassure those allies that he will

:08:42.:08:45.

stand with Europe when it comes to sanctions over Russia's involvement

:08:46.:08:50.

in the Ukraine. He will also meet Boris Johnson for the first time,

:08:51.:08:55.

expected to back a so-called pragmatic Brexit. First and

:08:56.:08:58.

foremost, the people around the table today will be seeking to glean

:08:59.:09:02.

one thing, that is this, what does America first really mean for

:09:03.:09:06.

America, of course, but also for allies around the world and here in

:09:07.:09:09.

Europe? Thank you, Jenny. Jenny Hill

:09:10.:09:11.

reporting from Berlin. The Church of England

:09:12.:09:16.

says its bishops will take time to reflect after the ruling general

:09:17.:09:18.

synod voted down an important The clergy chose to ignore

:09:19.:09:21.

recommendations by the bishops which suggested that a marriage

:09:22.:09:28.

in a church should only be LGBT campaigners have

:09:29.:09:31.

welcomed the decision. The bishops are now expected to

:09:32.:09:34.

produce a new report on the issue. A state of emergency has been

:09:35.:09:37.

declared in Christchurch in New Zealand after a huge wildfire

:09:38.:09:40.

forced more than a thousand people So far, several properties have been

:09:41.:09:43.

destroyed and the military has been In the hilly suburbs

:09:44.:09:47.

on the outskirts of Christchurch, Hundreds of residents have been

:09:48.:09:56.

evacuated and a state of emergency declared in the city

:09:57.:10:04.

and the neighbouring district At least 11 homes have

:10:05.:10:06.

already been lost. The fire broke out in two separate

:10:07.:10:09.

places on Monday in the dry hills south of Christchurch,

:10:10.:10:24.

before merging into one blaze, which now covers

:10:25.:10:26.

about 1,800 hectares. As 130 firefighters on the ground

:10:27.:10:27.

try to get the upper hand on the blaze, they're being assisted

:10:28.:10:34.

by 14 helicopters and three aircraft,

:10:35.:10:39.

while the military has also been deployed to provide

:10:40.:10:45.

water tankers and personnel. Authorities are warning locals not

:10:46.:10:47.

to leave their escape plans too late while those evacuated

:10:48.:10:50.

wait anxiously. We've been up pretty much all night

:10:51.:10:51.

since we got evacuated, My neighbours up the hill

:10:52.:10:54.

are absolutely terrified because they're surrounded by forest

:10:55.:10:57.

and gorse and long, dry grass. For now, the only known human

:10:58.:11:00.

casualty, a helicopter pilot who died in a crash

:11:01.:11:06.

while fighting the blaze on Tuesday. Romantics rejoice -

:11:07.:11:08.

the cast of Love Actually is reuniting for a short sequel

:11:09.:11:16.

to raise money for Comic Relief. Hugh Grant, seen here

:11:17.:11:21.

at the premiere of the original movie in 2003, will join Bill Nighy,

:11:22.:11:27.

Keira Knightly and Colin Firth in a 10-minute special film,

:11:28.:11:31.

which looks at what has happened It'll be shown as part of

:11:32.:11:33.

the Red Nose Day appeal next month. I'm pretty sure... I can't believe

:11:34.:11:45.

this, you have never seen the whole film?! I have seen bits of it. I

:11:46.:11:51.

watched it at Christmas for the ex-millionth time. You are missing

:11:52.:11:57.

out. All right. Is bored with Sally and the weather coming up in a few

:11:58.:12:00.

minutes time. The use of Vitamin D supplements has

:12:01.:12:03.

been hotly debated in medical circles in recent years,

:12:04.:12:06.

with some experts arguing Today, a study published

:12:07.:12:08.

by the British Medical Journal found taking supplements reduced

:12:09.:12:13.

common coughs and colds. Now the authors want it

:12:14.:12:15.

to be added to our food. But Public Health England says

:12:16.:12:18.

the evidence is inconclusive. Dr Farrah Sheikh is a GP

:12:19.:12:21.

and joins us now. What do you think of this study?

:12:22.:12:34.

It is difficult to get scientists and doctors who always agree on

:12:35.:12:40.

definite answers for these kinds of things. From the research, it seems

:12:41.:12:44.

there has been a significant improvement in the number of people

:12:45.:12:48.

not suffering from coughs, colds and flu, as it was taking vitamin D2 is

:12:49.:12:55.

recommended in this country, unfortunately, we do not have enough

:12:56.:12:59.

sunshine to create the vitamin. So this leaves people with a bit of

:13:00.:13:05.

a quandary. You as a GP, you come in, someone says to you, they

:13:06.:13:12.

listened to the radio and say that if they take vitamin D on a regular

:13:13.:13:19.

basis, they will have less cold and flu conditions. What would you say?

:13:20.:13:22.

Because of the cold climate, the effect of having a lack of sunshine

:13:23.:13:27.

onto your bones might mean you are deficient in vitamin D. Usually, we

:13:28.:13:31.

recommend blood tests, and see how deficient you are. There are

:13:32.:13:34.

different doses of vitamin D, which is why it can be confusing.

:13:35.:13:39.

That is a question being asked this morning, what should be the dose? It

:13:40.:13:42.

depends. If you are severely deficient, or

:13:43.:13:47.

considered that, there are higher doses that can be prescribed under

:13:48.:13:57.

specialists. Usually, there is a maintenance dose, a top up that we

:13:58.:14:02.

all need. There are not many foods that have naturally occurring

:14:03.:14:04.

vitamin D. You mention the food...

:14:05.:14:11.

on one side, you have eggs, mushrooms and salmon, explained the

:14:12.:14:14.

difference, on the other side there is cheese and yoghurt. Explain the

:14:15.:14:18.

difference why we have separated those out.

:14:19.:14:23.

The reason being, like I said, not many foods have vitamin D naturally

:14:24.:14:27.

occurring in them. Apart from oily fish, and we know that egg yolk is a

:14:28.:14:31.

very good source of vitamin D as well. It tends to be the fish that

:14:32.:14:36.

is the highest in vitamin D, things like mackerel, salmon, trout and

:14:37.:14:43.

tuna. Mushrooms, there is a small amount of vitamin D, but that tends

:14:44.:14:49.

to be wild mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, portobello mushrooms, but

:14:50.:14:53.

also there are foods that can help with vitamin D that have vitamin D

:14:54.:14:57.

added into them, like breakfast cereals, cornflakes, things like

:14:58.:15:00.

that. They are fortified with vitamin D.

:15:01.:15:04.

And you would see that on the packet?

:15:05.:15:06.

On the side of the complex, it would say that vitamin D is added to it.

:15:07.:15:10.

With the yoghurt and the cheese, what that does is, because vitamin D

:15:11.:15:16.

helps with calcium absorption, it helps if you need terry products as

:15:17.:15:19.

well. That is where they come in. It is making me hungry!

:15:20.:15:27.

Other foods might be fortified. Do you think that might be a way

:15:28.:15:33.

round it? It might be a very good idea. We have noticed an increase in

:15:34.:15:38.

the number of children suffering from rickets which is a severe

:15:39.:15:44.

vitamin D deficiency, so in some countries like Finland and in the

:15:45.:15:51.

US, bread tends fob fortified and they have seen a decrease in the

:15:52.:15:56.

number of children with rickets. A lot of comments coming in. It has to

:15:57.:16:01.

be said, all these things, people saying they have been taking it for

:16:02.:16:08.

year, still hasn't stopped them having deficiency, so in some

:16:09.:16:10.

countries like Finland and in the US, bread tends fob fortified and

:16:11.:16:13.

they have seen a decrease in the number of children with rickets. A

:16:14.:16:15.

lot of comments coming in. It has to be said, all these things, people

:16:16.:16:18.

saying they have been taking it for year, still hasn't stopped them

:16:19.:16:20.

having coldses, other says saying "I have taken vitamin department for

:16:21.:16:23.

years and never get a cold or flu. What is the harm of someone taking

:16:24.:16:26.

it any way? There is not really any harm in taking vitamin D. We know it

:16:27.:16:29.

can can help with fatigue levels and it has some effect on your immune

:16:30.:16:32.

system. If you are concerned go and speak to your doctor or the

:16:33.:16:35.

pharmacist and see whether it will be useful for you to take. The jury

:16:36.:16:41.

is out someone taking it any way? There is not really any harm in

:16:42.:16:44.

taking vitamin D. We know it can can help with fatigue levels and it has

:16:45.:16:47.

some effect on your immune system. If you are concerned go and speak to

:16:48.:16:49.

your doctor or the pharmacist and see whether it will be useful for

:16:50.:16:52.

you to take. The jury is out among viewer, Casey says "I constantly

:16:53.:16:55.

have a cold." Genie says I never get cold or flu. It is worse, some

:16:56.:16:57.

people perhaps, you know, seeing whether it works for them. It is

:16:58.:17:00.

worth a shot. Do you take it yourself? I do, actually. Yes I have

:17:01.:17:03.

been taking it for a number of year, I was getting pain in my elbows. And

:17:04.:17:07.

I have found that with taking vitamin D it has improved. What

:17:08.:17:11.

about your coal #k0e8ds? Being a doctor you are prone to colds but

:17:12.:17:17.

your immune system tends to build up. Great to speak to you. Thank

:17:18.:17:31.

you. I am having the salmon: I will have the egg.

:17:32.:17:42.

This is a picture sent in. Look at that sun rise. Spectacular, some

:17:43.:17:47.

others of us are seeing that. Not all there is is a lot of cloud first

:17:48.:17:51.

thing, for most, though, it is dry and it is mild. It won't stay that

:17:52.:17:57.

way. We have a weather front which will bring rain in, we have low

:17:58.:18:00.

pressure in Scotland bringing rain into the north and west, and if you

:18:01.:18:04.

look at the isobars it is also windy here. Now, through the course of the

:18:05.:18:08.

day, the wind in the north and through the central Lowlands will

:18:09.:18:13.

ease, the rain will turn showery, many southern around eastern areas,

:18:14.:18:17.

but the rain piling in in Northern Ireland. England and Wales, there is

:18:18.:18:20.

patchy fog round this morning, particularly in the south. We have

:18:21.:18:24.

got some frost in the south-west, currently the temperatures minus 1,

:18:25.:18:28.

but where we have the clearer skies and where the fog lifts we will see

:18:29.:18:31.

sunshine coming through. Even where we have the cloud, we will see it

:18:32.:18:34.

breakthrough the afternoon, sunshine, but there is the risk of

:18:35.:18:38.

showers coming through the thicker cloud in the Midlands, North Wales

:18:39.:18:44.

and Cumbria. We have the rain coming across Northern Ireland, rain

:18:45.:18:47.

turning showery across Scotland and the wind coming down, so brighter

:18:48.:18:51.

spells developing. Through the evening and overnight the rain if

:18:52.:18:55.

Northern Ireland cons to push across the Isle of Man, getting into

:18:56.:18:58.

northern England and north Wales, behind it under clearer skies it

:18:59.:19:02.

will be cold and frosty, as the rain pushes across the Midlands, it will

:19:03.:19:06.

turn showery in nature. To the south, there is the risk of 3567y

:19:07.:19:12.

fog, although not as much as we thought. -- patchy. The fog will

:19:13.:19:19.

lift tomorrow, some slowly, the brighter skies welcome back in the

:19:20.:19:25.

North East. We will see cloud in Wales, however, another weather

:19:26.:19:28.

front is waiting in the wings, a weak affair but it will bring in

:19:29.:19:33.

showery rain to western area, this weekend, it will stay mild, it lot

:19:34.:19:38.

be sunny but there will be rain at time, particularly so across the

:19:39.:19:42.

north and the west and that will the case on Saturday and also on Sunday.

:19:43.:19:48.

As the rain comes in, across north-west Scotland, with blustery

:19:49.:19:51.

winds. Now, away from that there will be some shower, more especially

:19:52.:19:55.

in western areas but the drill with shower, many of us will miss them

:19:56.:19:59.

all together. Cloud will break up, we will see some sunshine,

:20:00.:20:03.

temperatures between nine and 11, but some of us through the weekend,

:20:04.:20:09.

will see temperatures 11 to 13, possibly 14 Celsius. That leads us

:20:10.:20:12.

into next week, the early part of because there are signs that the

:20:13.:20:17.

temperature also go that bit higher into the mid teens, possibly perhaps

:20:18.:20:21.

even just a bit higheren that that, that puts us into the very my Lord

:20:22.:20:26.

category. Don't put away your winter Woollies because it doesn't look

:20:27.:20:31.

like that is set to stay any way. Have you had your vitamin D today?

:20:32.:20:35.

No I haven't. I have had loads oaf tea. You are lucky you are not here,

:20:36.:20:41.

he has an egg. The stewed o owe must smell lovely. Ben, you want the egg

:20:42.:20:49.

don't you. I am in firing line. It is only a

:20:50.:20:53.

Thousands of workers have been underpaid,

:20:54.:21:02.

Ben has more, and all this morning's business headlines.

:21:03.:21:05.

350 firms have been named and shamed for failing to pay the minimum wage.

:21:06.:21:09.

It meant 15,000 staff were underpaid by almost ?1 million pounds

:21:10.:21:12.

across a range of businesses - from restaurants and hairdressers -

:21:13.:21:15.

and one big name you'll recognise - Debenhams.

:21:16.:21:17.

I'll have more on that in half an hour.

:21:18.:21:19.

Waitrose, Iceland and Marks Spencer have topped the charts

:21:20.:21:21.

asked 7000 shoppers to rate stores for online operations,

:21:22.:21:26.

value for money and shopper experience in the last six months.

:21:27.:21:28.

Official figures out show unemployment has remained

:21:29.:21:31.

at the lowest level for over a decade, with less

:21:32.:21:33.

than 5% of the working age population without a job.

:21:34.:21:51.

Official figures out show unemployment has remained

:21:52.:21:52.

at the lowest level for over a decade, with less

:21:53.:21:55.

than 5% of the working age population without a job.

:21:56.:21:57.

And the same figures confirmed that average wages were up 2.8%.

:21:58.:22:00.

That's outstripping inflation for now.

:22:01.:22:03.

And - did you have a phone like this?

:22:04.:22:05.

There are rumours that ailing phone maker Nokia could bring back

:22:06.:22:08.

the iconic 3310 handset, as people ditch their all-signing,

:22:09.:22:10.

all-dancing smartphones for no-nonsense devices instead.

:22:11.:22:12.

Nokia has not yet confirmed - or denied - the rumours.

:22:13.:22:25.

You have business news for us. I am very excited about that. You

:22:26.:22:35.

charge them once a week. Are you telling me you will bin your

:22:36.:22:38.

smartphone for that? Well.... It started as a hobby for Rowan

:22:39.:22:49.

McCabe, knocking on people's doors and writing them a poem. He has been

:22:50.:22:55.

given an Arts Council grant to continue his work as Britain's only

:22:56.:23:00.

continue his work as Britain's only door-to-door poet.

:23:01.:23:07.

I'm a door-to-door poet, so I knock on strangers

:23:08.:23:15.

I'm a door-to-door poet and my hair could be much neater,

:23:16.:23:20.

but this could be worse, I could be here to check your meter!

:23:21.:23:23.

I joined him on his rounds, delivering poems in Stockton.

:23:24.:23:27.

I got up and opened it, and there he stood, in his little

:23:28.:23:41.

hat, and started to say, can I recite you a poem?

:23:42.:23:43.

I said no, I'm busy at the moment, and he carried on any way.

:23:44.:23:50.

And now, a week or so on, he's back with a poem

:23:51.:23:53.

about what she loves.

:23:54.:23:54.

Those horses, specifically, the Grand National legend Red Rum.

:23:55.:24:00.

The thundering gallops, other racers jostle.

:24:01.:24:07.

The faces as they cross the finish line.

:24:08.:24:10.

See you later Jane, cheers, take care.

:24:11.:24:22.

I have to ask, how do you become a door-to-door poet?

:24:23.:24:26.

Well, first of all, it was to do with boredom, really.

:24:27.:24:29.

You were just bored and you start knocking on people's doors, saying

:24:30.:24:32.

I had this feeling anyone could enjoy poetry, really.

:24:33.:24:35.

I think I probably am a little bit, yes.

:24:36.:24:41.

The process always begins with a knock.

:24:42.:24:44.

And then, if people are willing, a chat, to work out

:24:45.:24:47.

Well, probably the state of the country at the moment.

:24:48.:25:01.

It's a little window into inner lives.

:25:02.:25:09.

A few doors down, Alan was worried about prejudice.

:25:10.:25:16.

His mother was German, and life wasn't easy

:25:17.:25:18.

That's my mum and her friend in Dusseldorf.

:25:19.:25:24.

mum did, people spitting at her in the street.

:25:25.:25:27.

We've had swastikas painted on the door.

:25:28.:25:29.

This is the poem that has been written for him, Speak.

:25:30.:25:32.

It's all about his habit of speaking out, in defence of others.

:25:33.:25:35.

To speak against their prejudice, to speak against their hate,

:25:36.:25:52.

to speak, to speak and make it clear, before it gets too late.

:25:53.:25:55.

I think it's probably one of the highlights of my life.

:25:56.:26:08.

Like I was saying when we were there, it's moments like that,

:26:09.:26:14.

that you just think, best job in the world.

:26:15.:26:17.

What could be better than that, you know?

:26:18.:26:23.

The number of dog attacks on cattle and sheep are on the rise -

:26:24.:26:44.

our reporter Holly Hamilton is at a farm Leicestershire to find

:26:45.:26:46.

out what can be done to tackle the problem.

:26:47.:26:48.

Saint! Good morning. Isla is very well behaved. She is on a tight lead

:26:49.:26:53.

because we do have company. It is this issue of life stock worrying we

:26:54.:26:57.

will be talking to later on and we will get to meet her owner. Before

:26:58.:27:02.

that the news travel and weather where ever you are.

:27:03.:30:21.

Albert that just after 9am. Now, back to Louise and Charlie.

:30:22.:30:30.

Hello, this is Breakfast with Louise Minchin and Charlie Stayt.

:30:31.:30:34.

More than three million people could avoid getting colds and flu

:30:35.:30:38.

every year by taking Vitamin D supplements, according

:30:39.:30:40.

The study in the British Medical Journal calls for the vitamin

:30:41.:30:47.

But Public Health England says the evidence remains inconclusive.

:30:48.:30:52.

The Malaysian government says the authorities will return the body

:30:53.:30:57.

of the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un to the Embassy.

:30:58.:31:00.

It's thought Kim Jong-Nam was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport.

:31:01.:31:03.

Overnight a second woman was arrested over his death.

:31:04.:31:05.

A postmortem examination has been completed, but the results

:31:06.:31:07.

Social care for elderly people is on the brink of collapse

:31:08.:31:14.

in some parts of England, according to Age UK.

:31:15.:31:18.

A new report from the charity says more than 50,000 people are now

:31:19.:31:21.

not receiving any help, despite struggling with daily

:31:22.:31:24.

tasks such as washing, eating and getting out of bed.

:31:25.:31:26.

The Government says it recognises the pressures on the system

:31:27.:31:29.

and is working on a long-term, sustainable solution.

:31:30.:31:33.

We're seeing the beginnings of something that's going to get

:31:34.:31:36.

a lot worse, and that's because if there is going to be any

:31:37.:31:39.

extra money for social care, it's not coming out.

:31:40.:31:41.

And that's a real concern, because every day we have an ageing

:31:42.:31:44.

population, we have more people over 85 in particular who need care

:31:45.:31:55.

and therefore, unless the money is keeping pace, we are having

:31:56.:31:57.

The Church of England says its bishops will take time

:31:58.:32:07.

to reflect after the ruling General Synod voted down

:32:08.:32:09.

an important report about gay marriage.

:32:10.:32:10.

The clergy chose to ignore recommendations which suggested that

:32:11.:32:12.

a marriage in a church should only be between a man and a woman.

:32:13.:32:16.

LGBT campaigners have welcomed the decision.

:32:17.:32:18.

The bishops are now expected to produce a new report on the issue.

:32:19.:32:21.

A state of emergency has been declared in Christchurch

:32:22.:32:23.

in New Zealand after a huge wildfire forced thousands of people

:32:24.:32:26.

So far, several properties have been destroyed and the military has been

:32:27.:32:31.

deployed to help firefighters, along with 14 helicopters

:32:32.:32:40.

It's emerged Winston Churchill was open to the idea

:32:41.:32:46.

An essay, written by the former Prime Minister in 1939, entitled

:32:47.:32:51.

"Are We Alone In The Universe", has been unearthed at a museum

:32:52.:32:54.

In it, he muses about the possibility of life evolving

:32:55.:32:57.

elsewhere in the solar system, and beyond.

:32:58.:33:03.

It was never published, it was written as an article but never

:33:04.:33:06.

published. Coming up here on Breakfast

:33:07.:33:10.

this morning... # Yeah, but truth be told,

:33:11.:33:12.

I don't care what they think...#. Hitting back at his critics,

:33:13.:33:18.

singer songwriter James Blunt will be here to tell us

:33:19.:33:22.

about the new sound Oscar-tipped drama Moonlight

:33:23.:33:25.

follows the fortunes of a young boy growing

:33:26.:33:34.

up in a drug-fuelled We'll speak to director

:33:35.:33:37.

Barry Jenkins about his awards Known as one of the greatest ballet

:33:38.:33:42.

dancers of all time, we'll hear from Sergei Polunin

:33:43.:33:49.

about a new documentary detailing his shock decision

:33:50.:33:51.

to quit life on the stage. That's all coming up later.

:33:52.:34:04.

Are you sure you have time for me?! I know! James Blunt is here shortly,

:34:05.:34:09.

but in the meantime... We will talk about Arsenal, we have

:34:10.:34:13.

been chatting about how they had a disastrous night last night,

:34:14.:34:16.

terrible for them and Arsene Wenger. It does not mean Arsene Wenger is

:34:17.:34:21.

about to leave the club today or very, very soon, and it also does

:34:22.:34:25.

not tarnish the incredible record he has had with that club over an

:34:26.:34:29.

incredible two decade, but I do sense, certainly in the newspapers

:34:30.:34:34.

today, a shift in the way people are talking about him. Last night they

:34:35.:34:35.

got absolutely thrashed. Arsenal are facing elimination

:34:36.:34:38.

from the first knockout stage of the Champions League

:34:39.:34:40.

for the seventh straight season. Bayern Munich simply

:34:41.:34:43.

took them apart. And although Arsenal's Alexis

:34:44.:34:44.

Sanchez eventually put in a rebound from his own penalty

:34:45.:34:49.

to make it 1-1, Bayern were simply too good for Arsenal

:34:50.:34:53.

in the second half - two goals from Thiago helped give

:34:54.:34:55.

the German champions a four-goal The real problems we faced

:34:56.:34:58.

was after the third goal I felt, because we lost

:34:59.:35:13.

our organisation and we looked mentally very

:35:14.:35:16.

jaded and very vulnerable And after the last 25 minutes

:35:17.:35:17.

it was a nightmare for us. You could see how very difficult

:35:18.:35:35.

that press conference was for him, they have to give the press

:35:36.:35:37.

conference after the match, nothing he can do about it, he has to talk

:35:38.:35:40.

all you will get into trouble but you can see it wasn't pleasant. A

:35:41.:35:42.

little bit awkward. Manchester City Women have

:35:43.:35:44.

signed World Cup winner and Fifa World Player

:35:45.:35:46.

of the Year Carli Lloyd. Have a look at what City fans

:35:47.:35:48.

can look forward to - That was one goal in a 13 minute

:35:49.:35:59.

hat-trick she scored in the 2015 World Cup final.

:36:00.:36:01.

The 34-year old joins the WSL champions on a short-term deal.

:36:02.:36:08.

I'm always looking to improve my game, I'm always looking

:36:09.:36:11.

for the next challenge, the next big thing, and to be able

:36:12.:36:18.

to come here, train with some of the world's best players,

:36:19.:36:22.

be at the world's best facility, play in the Champions League,

:36:23.:36:24.

hopefully win an FA Cup and winter spring series.

:36:25.:36:27.

There are so many goals that I want to accomplish.

:36:28.:36:29.

Scotland will be without their captain Greig Laidlaw

:36:30.:36:31.

He suffered an ankle injury in the first half of the defeat

:36:32.:36:37.

Further assessment has confirmed he sustained ligament damage,

:36:38.:36:47.

and will miss the remaining three matches in the tournament.

:36:48.:36:54.

Ronnie O'Sullivan is out of the Welsh Open after losing to Mark

:36:55.:37:00.

Davis, but a 15-year-old schoolboy will have to take time off school

:37:01.:37:03.

after winning again. Jackson Page had to get time off school -- had to

:37:04.:37:10.

get permission to take time off school to play against Astley but

:37:11.:37:15.

will now go further in the competition.

:37:16.:37:22.

I hoped I could go far, obviously people taught me to just enjoy it

:37:23.:37:28.

and focus on the experience, but in myself I knew I could win a few

:37:29.:37:34.

games and keep on going, hopefully. He is very, very together for a

:37:35.:37:36.

15-year-old! 15! Wow.

:37:37.:37:42.

Doing very welcoming his school don't mind him playing because this

:37:43.:37:46.

could be his career, how he earned his living, he has already made

:37:47.:37:49.

?3000. He could always go back and do his

:37:50.:37:52.

exams next year. I wonder if he has thought of that

:37:53.:37:54.

already! Our next guest isn't afraid

:37:55.:37:57.

to poke fun at himself. In December, he announced his

:37:58.:38:01.

new album with a tweet saying, "If you think 2016 has been bad -

:38:02.:38:06.

I'm releasing a new album in 2017" James Blunt has sold over

:38:07.:38:10.

20 million albums worldwide, and his single You're Beautiful

:38:11.:38:15.

reached number one in ten Before we talk to him,

:38:16.:38:18.

let's take a quick listen # Would've said "You're beautiful,"

:38:19.:38:21.

but I used that line before. # Now I've had my share

:38:22.:38:31.

of shallow nights. # Cos I was scared to get it right,

:38:32.:38:34.

so I was hanging with whoever. # You love, love, love

:38:35.:38:40.

me, love me better. # There's been times I gave

:38:41.:38:52.

myself to someone else, # Love, love, love me,

:38:53.:38:56.

love me better...#. James Blunt is here, he has pointed

:38:57.:39:20.

out he looks like he is auditioned to get back into the army a game!

:39:21.:39:23.

They were in my cupboard, what else could I wear?! Give me my old job

:39:24.:39:31.

back! Do you think they would? I don't think so now! Can we ask about

:39:32.:39:37.

that tweet, do people think you are rather a serious person? For some

:39:38.:39:44.

time now... Not serious. You are sort of debunking that with the way

:39:45.:39:49.

due to eat and other things? Yes, I don't actually write my own tweets,

:39:50.:39:56.

Justin Bieber does. No, I'm messing around, Twitter is a strange thing,

:39:57.:40:00.

we take it so seriously, and we take our opinions so seriously, and maybe

:40:01.:40:04.

we should keep our opinions to ourselves, so I am just messing

:40:05.:40:08.

around and laughing at myself, really. You say in your song, people

:40:09.:40:14.

say the meanest things, don't they? Especially on Twitter. People do, if

:40:15.:40:19.

you look at the comments under any online newspaper article, people are

:40:20.:40:24.

vitriolic, but we never talk about positives, I do a concert per 10,000

:40:25.:40:29.

people and it is easy to focus on one negative tweet instead. That is

:40:30.:40:33.

human nature, isn't it? There is an option of not reading

:40:34.:40:38.

it, you can just not do that. Very good point! OK! Tip of the day!

:40:39.:40:51.

He is not even on Twitter! It seems that you enjoyed taking

:40:52.:40:57.

people on sometimes? I tweet about once a month, so I'm really not on

:40:58.:41:01.

it that much, I have a day job which I focus on! Let's talk about that,

:41:02.:41:07.

you have a new album out, a lot of new material. You have been

:41:08.:41:10.

collaborating with quite a few people? I have taken two years over

:41:11.:41:15.

this album, which is a long time, it is called The Afterlove and I've

:41:16.:41:18.

worked with some amazing people, Ed Sheeran, I took in skiing, I was his

:41:19.:41:24.

ski instructor during the day and he taught me how to write songs by

:41:25.:41:28.

night. I have got the lead singer of One Republic, I have got the person

:41:29.:41:40.

who wrote Wrecking Ball, so some amazing transformations. How is Ed

:41:41.:41:46.

Sheeran's skiing? It is coming on! You write extremely good songs by

:41:47.:41:50.

yourself, so why collaborate with different people? Because otherwise

:41:51.:41:54.

I would just repeat the same four chords! It is nice to have some

:41:55.:41:59.

input from someone else, Ed is an amazing writer and the way he writes

:42:00.:42:07.

lyrics, I am perhaps sometimes uncomfortable doing that, he said,

:42:08.:42:10.

save what you mean. That is quite a brave thing to do? Definitely, and

:42:11.:42:16.

you can hear it on this new album, it is a different sound, quite

:42:17.:42:20.

confident and bold sounding album. Do you feel happier about it in some

:42:21.:42:25.

ways? I loved it, I have done four albums in the past that all sound

:42:26.:42:30.

similar to each other but I feel that is in the past and this is

:42:31.:42:34.

something new and fresh. Presumably those people who bought the album

:42:35.:42:37.

is, they will want to buy this but might expect the same sound? Yes,

:42:38.:42:46.

but my best friends have listened to this one and said they believed they

:42:47.:42:49.

don't have delighted me this time because they actually like it as

:42:50.:42:52.

well! It says here that You're Beautiful, the song which people

:42:53.:42:56.

most associate with you, has been viewed over 625 million times on

:42:57.:43:02.

YouTube. I watched it again, one of the versions of it, there are so

:43:03.:43:03.

many, we can hear a bit of it now... # You're beautiful,

:43:04.:43:06.

you're beautiful. # I saw your face

:43:07.:43:10.

in a crowded place. Just explain, for a lot of people,

:43:11.:43:27.

they think that is a beautiful song and fundamentally it is a beautiful

:43:28.:43:31.

song, but you kind of engaged in the idea that some people might find it

:43:32.:43:36.

annoying, you bought into that? I think it was played a lot on the

:43:37.:43:40.

radio and if you hear anything too much it can become hugely

:43:41.:43:43.

irritating, but I love it, I wouldn't be talking to you without

:43:44.:43:46.

that song, it has been the cornerstone of my career and I love

:43:47.:43:52.

playing it at a concert because it means it is time for the end of the

:43:53.:43:56.

concert and time for a beer! Do use a bid for the end of the concert?!

:43:57.:44:02.

Not quite the very end! Are you going on tour with Ed Sheeran in

:44:03.:44:07.

America? He is not a good keeper of secret! He has not announced the

:44:08.:44:12.

tour yet... But that would be great, wouldn't it, to be going on tour

:44:13.:44:15.

with Ed Sheeran for three months in the States? It sounds like you have

:44:16.:44:20.

great fun with Ed. There was a certain incident with the Princess,

:44:21.:44:25.

there was an injury... Can you explain anything about it, you, Ed,

:44:26.:44:31.

Princess Beatrice? That is what we know, you know more! I think Ed is a

:44:32.:44:38.

liar, he must be making up these stories to sell records, he must be

:44:39.:44:43.

desperate! Something happened, you were in a situation... You were

:44:44.:44:51.

kneeling down and she was pretending... I think the notion of

:44:52.:44:58.

a Princess knighting me, it is a ridiculous story! It is a good

:44:59.:45:04.

story! He probably was drunk with me and cut himself and that is probably

:45:05.:45:10.

what really happened. So the idea of the sword being swarmed and someone

:45:11.:45:14.

being cut... That is ridiculous, that would be ridiculous! We are all

:45:15.:45:21.

left wondering! Will you go skiing with him again?

:45:22.:45:27.

Yes, definitely, it is a fair trade. Lovely to see you, as always.

:45:28.:45:31.

Especially in the uniform! Great stuff!

:45:32.:45:40.

James Blunt's new album is called The Afterlove.

:45:41.:45:45.

That tune will be playing in your ear and it is beautiful as well.

:45:46.:45:57.

Some pictures show it is a misty start, another cracker from Kent, a

:45:58.:46:02.

beautiful start in Herne Bay, towards the north-west islands you

:46:03.:46:07.

can see quite a bit of cloud with rain not far away, equally brighter

:46:08.:46:11.

skies there because low pressure is dominating across Scotland this

:46:12.:46:14.

morning, bringing some rain to the north and the north-west and also

:46:15.:46:18.

rather windy in the North and the Central lowlands although that

:46:19.:46:22.

should ease through the day. At the same time another weather front

:46:23.:46:26.

approaching Northern Ireland will bring increasing cloud and later

:46:27.:46:31.

some rain. But for England and Wales, mostly I'll start, at Exeter

:46:32.:46:37.

Airport -1 with Frost, we have patches of mist and fog that by this

:46:38.:46:42.

afternoon we will be looking at a fairly pleasant afternoon with some

:46:43.:46:47.

sunny spells. Temperatures are level, maybe even 12 and 13, and

:46:48.:46:51.

where we have thicker cloud through the Midlands, North Wales and

:46:52.:46:55.

Cumbria, the old shower. Not everywhere will although it will be

:46:56.:47:00.

a wet afternoon in Northern Ireland, the heavy rain across Scotland

:47:01.:47:04.

turning Shelly throughout the day, the wind easing and as the showers

:47:05.:47:08.

drift through the East and the South their very nature it means not

:47:09.:47:12.

everyone will catch on. Overnight the rain will move across the Isle

:47:13.:47:16.

of Man and northern England and North Wales, becoming patchy as it

:47:17.:47:19.

crosses into the Midlands and the South East, behind it: skies with

:47:20.:47:26.

patchy fog and patchy fog forming of a southern England although not as

:47:27.:47:30.

much as we thought yesterday. Tomorrow that fog will lift as we go

:47:31.:47:34.

through the morning, the brightest skies of Scotland and North East

:47:35.:47:39.

England, heading towards the wash, elsewhere fairly cloudy, having said

:47:40.:47:42.

that we will see bricks developing with sunshine coming through,

:47:43.:47:46.

towards the west there will always be more clout because we have a weak

:47:47.:47:50.

weather front bringing showers. Into the weekend mild with sunny

:47:51.:47:53.

intervals, still some rain at times in north and also the

:47:54.:48:23.

Northwest, and on Saturday and Sunday we have that combination, the

:48:24.:48:25.

rain coming in across the north and west, some windy conditions with it,

:48:26.:48:28.

not too strong, as it comes further south, the odd shower, most places

:48:29.:48:30.

dry with sunny spells, temperatures reaching double figures. You may see

:48:31.:48:33.

a littles on the chart although some areas like parts of the Wash could

:48:34.:48:36.

see 13 or 14. As we go into the new week temperatures could reach the

:48:37.:48:38.

mid-teens for some areas, putting us into their very mild category. Don't

:48:39.:48:41.

put away the winter jumpers yet because it is

:48:42.:48:46.

Thank you. Let's see if the weather is as Carol describes, look at

:48:47.:48:54.

Leicestershire. We'll be talking to Holly Hamilton about sheep, dogs

:48:55.:48:58.

specifically worrying sheep. Good morning, Holly.

:48:59.:49:04.

Good morning, a beautiful morning to take your dog for a walk. The one

:49:05.:49:12.

I've got with me is incredibly well-behaved. Thousands of people

:49:13.:49:16.

will be taking their dogs out today. The problem we are looking at, why

:49:17.:49:23.

she is on a short leash today is sheep and cattle worrying. We do

:49:24.:49:27.

have company so she is being very well-behaved but in the last year

:49:28.:49:31.

the number of insurance claims has skyrocketed. It has more than

:49:32.:49:35.

doubled in the Midlands and in Scotland it has tripled. That means

:49:36.:49:40.

huge financial and emotional loss for farmers, as I have been finding

:49:41.:49:42.

out. The great British countryside,

:49:43.:49:46.

enjoyed by tens of thousands of ramblers and dog walkers

:49:47.:49:51.

throughout the year, but for farmers these fields are their livelihoods,

:49:52.:49:53.

and home to thousands of pounds While dog attacks on cattle

:49:54.:49:56.

and sheep are rare, the number And often the results

:49:57.:50:00.

can be devastating. I heard dogs barking and came

:50:01.:50:05.

round here in the shed just here and found two dogs in amongst

:50:06.:50:08.

the sheep and the sheep were in the corner, blood everywhere

:50:09.:50:11.

and the dogs are in a frenzy really. We may well lose more lambs,

:50:12.:50:15.

a couple of ewes have been treated with antibiotics and the scars

:50:16.:50:19.

are still there and we don't know New figures from one major insurer

:50:20.:50:21.

shows the cost of dog attacks on livestock rose by nearly 50%

:50:22.:50:28.

across the country last year with insurance claims amounting

:50:29.:50:33.

to more than ?200,000. And it's thought the actual cost

:50:34.:50:37.

to the industry could be a lot more. It's a problem that's been

:50:38.:50:42.

with us for many years. Dogs have been attacking sheep

:50:43.:50:47.

for as long as I can remember. It's not just a case of losing a few

:50:48.:50:49.

sheep with a dog attack, it's the follow-up problems you get,

:50:50.:50:53.

the vet bills. It's actually an offence

:50:54.:50:55.

to allow your dog to worry sheep. While many dog walkers argue

:50:56.:50:59.

it's their choice whether or not to keep their dog on a lead,

:51:00.:51:03.

the NFU is urging owners to be responsible to ensure

:51:04.:51:07.

their pets are responsible. And to ensure that their pets are

:51:08.:51:12.

under control. Some of the images you saw in that

:51:13.:51:21.

report can be shocking but it is not always the case, sometimes the

:51:22.:51:25.

family dog simply wants to play. We'll be talking to Charles, who

:51:26.:51:30.

owns the farm here. How serious an issue is this for you? Not

:51:31.:51:39.

particularly serious for us, one or two instances every year where we

:51:40.:51:42.

lose the alarm worried by dogs, compared to some parts of the

:51:43.:51:46.

country we get off lightly. Some farmers will have substantial

:51:47.:51:50.

losses, more than 100 animals lost in one night in one attack and that

:51:51.:51:55.

is devastating on a financial and an emotional level. It's not always

:51:56.:51:59.

these big dangerous dogs, sometimes it is just a family pet who just

:52:00.:52:05.

wants to play. Yes, worrying attacks can happen in a number of ways, a

:52:06.:52:10.

dog's natural instinct is to chase animals and the natural instinct of

:52:11.:52:14.

the sheep is to run and that leads to more fun and they think it is

:52:15.:52:18.

great although that unfortunately deteriorates and the animals are

:52:19.:52:23.

attacked and injuries ago. Is there more that farmers can do, perhaps

:52:24.:52:29.

putting out more signage to try to help owners make responsible

:52:30.:52:32.

decisions? All we ask owners when they access the countryside is to

:52:33.:52:34.

behave responsibly and make sure the dog is always an elite,

:52:35.:52:49.

ourselves, the kennel club and the NFU launched new signage two years

:52:50.:52:52.

ago just to make people aware of their responsibilities. Always have

:52:53.:52:54.

your dog on elite, take your dog mess home and enjoy this beautiful

:52:55.:52:56.

countryside that us farmers have created and work in daily, it is for

:52:57.:52:59.

everyone to enjoy. As long as they do so responsibly, nobody will

:53:00.:53:03.

suffer. Sadly, this is not my dog, we will speak to her owner now. Good

:53:04.:53:09.

morning, Donna, you are very experienced when it comes to dog

:53:10.:53:13.

walking and the countryside, has this been a problem and how do you

:53:14.:53:19.

cope? I always make sure, if I know the sheep are around, I don't walk

:53:20.:53:24.

near the sheep. Basically that. Like Charles said dogs will chase any

:53:25.:53:28.

animal moving so you don't put the dog in that situation. It's not the

:53:29.:53:33.

fault the dog, the owner. Don't walk near the sheep if you can't trust

:53:34.:53:37.

your dog or keep it on elite. It is basic. It is what all dog owners

:53:38.:53:41.

should be aware of, the stress and the damage that they can cause to

:53:42.:53:46.

the sheep. They may walk away once the dog has chased the sheep that

:53:47.:53:49.

they have left that sheep in a terrible state and sheep can die

:53:50.:53:56.

from stress. If the sheep is in lamb it can abort the lambs. People don't

:53:57.:54:00.

realise the damage dogs can do when chasing sheep. This is to protect

:54:01.:54:04.

the owner and the dog as well. Of course. If that dog is chasing the

:54:05.:54:09.

sheep and the farmers use it the owner won't be happy that at the end

:54:10.:54:13.

of the day the dog is the responsibility of the owner so it's

:54:14.:54:16.

the fault of the owner and it causes a lot of unnecessary upset that just

:54:17.:54:23.

does not need to happen. It is so, so sad, putting these dogs in this

:54:24.:54:27.

position and the farmers, causing distress to their livelihood. Some

:54:28.:54:31.

people to argue that they have the right to allow their dogs to roam

:54:32.:54:35.

free in the countryside especially when so many parks and outdoor

:54:36.:54:40.

spaces are under pressure, there are so few places left to walk dogs. Of

:54:41.:54:45.

course, as Charles says we have beautiful countryside and I

:54:46.:54:48.

appreciate that every day we are walking on someone's mind. You've

:54:49.:54:51.

got to abide by the laws, we don't want that stopped, that we won't be

:54:52.:54:54.

able to walk in the countryside because of what is happening to the

:54:55.:54:59.

farmer's livestock. We have to appreciate where we walk. Fantastic.

:55:00.:55:05.

Thank you for joining us. Thank you for letting me borrow your dog, it's

:55:06.:55:12.

been lovely. Just keep your dog on elite if sheep are present so that

:55:13.:55:16.

everyone can enjoy the countryside, I certainly will be this morning. --

:55:17.:55:23.

on a lead. Thank you, Holly. People have been getting in touch, saying,

:55:24.:55:28.

if a farmer believes your dog is a threat to his animals he is legally

:55:29.:55:32.

entitled to shoot it, keep your dog on a lead in these cases, one viewer

:55:33.:55:37.

says it would be nice if farmers could identify which fields are in

:55:38.:55:40.

use so we don't have to second-guess. 855 now.

:55:41.:55:45.

It's being tipped as the movie that could spoil the Oscars

:55:46.:55:48.

Moonlight has already won a Golden Globe for

:55:49.:55:51.

Best Drama and has eight Academy Award nominations.

:55:52.:55:58.

Moonlight follows the troubled upbringing of a Chiron, a boy

:55:59.:56:01.

wrestling with his sexuality, as he grows up surrounded by drugs

:56:02.:56:03.

Director Barry Jenkins is here, but before we speak to him let's

:56:04.:56:08.

take a look at a scene from the film when Chiron returns home to his mum

:56:09.:56:12.

Why you didn't come home like you were supposed to, huh?

:56:13.:56:22.

Some boys chased him on the cut, he's scared more than anything.

:56:23.:56:40.

He wouldn't tell me where he lived till this morning.

:56:41.:56:43.

Well, the director of Moonlight, Barry Jenkins,

:56:44.:57:04.

Let's start with the young performer, you follow a young man

:57:05.:57:14.

through three stages of his life and we start with Chiron, who is at what

:57:15.:57:22.

age at that point in the film? About ten years old. I am a big fan of the

:57:23.:57:29.

Scottish film maker Lynne Ramsey, she uses actors and non-actors, so

:57:30.:57:35.

in that scene you see Naomie Harris, a trained actor, and Mahershala Ali,

:57:36.:57:41.

a trained actor, but the kid is Alex Hibbert, a kid we found in Miami. He

:57:42.:57:45.

had never acted before, he has to carry the first chapter of the film

:57:46.:57:52.

and Alex is the person who brings us into this world. So important from

:57:53.:57:56.

that first moment that he is special in so many ways. He just has this

:57:57.:58:01.

feeling in his eyes, that is what we were looking for, I'm looking at the

:58:02.:58:06.

poster behind you guys. We tried to find the actors with the same as

:58:07.:58:09.

those, the same spirituality in their eyes, they are united by the

:58:10.:58:15.

contours of their eyes and Alex just had that soulfulness about him. The

:58:16.:58:19.

story is about a young man growing up in difficult surroundings with a

:58:20.:58:24.

single mum. We don't want to go into details in case people want to see

:58:25.:58:28.

the film, the backdrop, is it a place in society that you know

:58:29.:58:30.

yourself? I am basically this kid, myself and

:58:31.:58:40.

the playwright grew up in Miami city, and when you read the synopsis

:58:41.:58:44.

of the film you think it will look and sound asserted May but Miami is

:58:45.:58:48.

gorgeous, I grew up in abject poverty but also abject beauty. The

:58:49.:58:54.

movie embraces those two things, growing up in a rough neighbourhood,

:58:55.:58:59.

a rough childhood, but surrounded by gorgeous, lush beauty. The thing

:59:00.:59:03.

about the film, how much did it cost to make? $1.5 million. Most film

:59:04.:59:10.

budgets would be that the just one day! The catering on House Of Cards

:59:11.:59:18.

is how I described it. How amazing! Did you just let the set of Miami do

:59:19.:59:24.

the talking? In a way. As a film-maker you imagine what a set

:59:25.:59:27.

will look and feel like but this is a place I grew up, I know it

:59:28.:59:30.

intimately, like the back of my hand, so it was easy to project how

:59:31.:59:33.

it would feel, how the light would fall, it was a luxury in a way. We

:59:34.:59:42.

had limited resources but total freedom. In a moment we will see a

:59:43.:59:44.

clip with Naomie Harris, the British actress Kljestan she in the past has

:59:45.:59:50.

said, I believe, that she did not want to play drug addicted

:59:51.:59:52.

characters but something clearly changed when she took the part? She

:59:53.:59:57.

said she did not want to project negative images of black women in

:59:58.:00:02.

her work, and they get it, and the crack addicted mum is a stereotype,

:00:03.:00:06.

but this was my mum, the playwright's mum. I explained to

:00:07.:00:10.

Naomie that addiction was something that happened to her, it was not

:00:11.:00:14.

something that she was in totality. So your mother... My mother and the

:00:15.:00:20.

playwright's mother struggled with crack cocaine, as you see with

:00:21.:00:24.

Naomie in the film. There is not a single scene that happened to Naomie

:00:25.:00:27.

that did not either happened to myself or the playwright in real

:00:28.:00:32.

life, so Naomie is the human behind the stereotype. Let's have a look at

:00:33.:00:38.

Naomie. Chiron! Baby, where did you go last

:00:39.:00:52.

night? Why? I'm your mum, aren't I? Why you did not just come home

:00:53.:00:58.

later, by? Had me worried about you. I guess you're getting grown. I

:00:59.:01:04.

can't be keeping up with you all the time. Anyway, baby. How's Theresa, I

:01:05.:01:17.

haven't seen her since the funeral? Mamma locked herself out the door...

:01:18.:01:23.

You were explaining what we watched the clip, she only worked with you

:01:24.:01:27.

for three days on this from? Three days, she was promoting a little

:01:28.:01:35.

film called Spectre at the time! She flew in the night before and that

:01:36.:01:38.

was the first scene she filmed, we had to have a scene with her looking

:01:39.:01:47.

at the camera, I thought, we have to place the audience in the body of

:01:48.:01:51.

the character, so I said, Ms Harris, would you mind doing a scene

:01:52.:01:56.

directly to camera? She said, yes, we did it all the time on 28 Days

:01:57.:02:03.

Later. The film has got a lot of nominations, how many Oscar

:02:04.:02:06.

nominations? Eight Academy Awards nominations. Were you aware, this

:02:07.:02:12.

kind of thing does not happen out of the blue, you must have been aware

:02:13.:02:16.

there was a feeling about the film? As we went from Toronto and then

:02:17.:02:20.

onto the London film Festival, I kept seeing audiences were finding a

:02:21.:02:24.

way to see themselves in the character and I thought, at the very

:02:25.:02:28.

least people are finding a way to identify with the story we are

:02:29.:02:31.

telling. How far that will go, you can never say, I have friends who

:02:32.:02:42.

have made amazing films who do not get this recognition, it is all

:02:43.:02:44.

about circumstance. It was a small film, $1.5 million, but eight

:02:45.:02:46.

nominations across the entire cast and crew, the cinematographer,

:02:47.:02:50.

editors, composer, the actors, myself, the producers, it took a

:02:51.:02:52.

village and the whole village is being recognised. Have you made

:02:53.:02:57.

plans for Oscars Day? Are you all going together? I'm going to drink

:02:58.:03:01.

champagne, wear a tuxedo by Christian Dior, and I'm going to try

:03:02.:03:05.

to enjoy it. That is the thing, you are suddenly in this amazing moment

:03:06.:03:09.

and you have to take a moment to look around and enjoy it. It is a

:03:10.:03:14.

dream I never had and yet a dream that has come true, so I am sort of

:03:15.:03:19.

backing into this dream that I would not allow myself to have, because I

:03:20.:03:23.

grew up as this kid and this kid is not getting nominated for Academy

:03:24.:03:28.

Awards, but I guess it does happen. Congratulations, and good luck on

:03:29.:03:31.

the night as well. Moonlight is out in cinemas in the

:03:32.:03:32.

UK from this Friday. Let's take a last brief

:03:33.:03:34.

look at the headlines I'll be back with the

:03:35.:05:09.

lunchtime news at 1.30pm. Regarded as one of the greatest

:05:10.:05:20.

ballet dancers of all time, Sergei Polunin shocked the dancing

:05:21.:05:23.

world, when in 2012, he quit his position as principle

:05:24.:05:25.

dancer for the British Royal Ballet Sergei was known as the party boy

:05:26.:05:28.

of ballet and struggled with the pressures of being

:05:29.:05:35.

at the very top of his profession. He is here with us now, lovely to

:05:36.:05:38.

see you. Now a new documentary

:05:39.:05:41.

looks back at his career, Before we speak to Sergei,

:05:42.:05:43.

let's hear about what prompted After his parents' divorce,

:05:44.:05:47.

Sergei's motivating changed and he felt like, you know,

:05:48.:05:54.

"What's the reason for me dancing, what's the reason for me

:05:55.:05:57.

pushing this hard?" I think whenever you have a goal

:05:58.:05:59.

and there's no reason behind your goal, with anyone,

:06:00.:06:06.

it's going to end badly. Sergei is here with us. You have an

:06:07.:06:54.

amazing story, shall we start at the beginning? You started dancing when

:06:55.:06:57.

you were very, very small. Three years old. It wasn't exactly your

:06:58.:07:05.

choice, was it? Know, when you are three... It is not really a choice,

:07:06.:07:10.

it was my mother's choice. She is a great visionary and she had foreseen

:07:11.:07:19.

my future. Right for the very young age you were exceptional. I worked

:07:20.:07:27.

really hard, it was many hours, I did gymnastics as well, so six hours

:07:28.:07:31.

a day physical work, and home and school. When I was a kid it was a

:07:32.:07:38.

lot of working hours. The part of your story people are familiar with

:07:39.:07:42.

is the meltdown, things that went wrong later on as an adult, but

:07:43.:07:46.

going back in the story, ten years old and you are taken out of your

:07:47.:07:50.

environment, away from your parents, to go to London. Some of it is very

:07:51.:07:57.

emotional, in the film, your parents talking about their sacrifice for

:07:58.:08:01.

you and your dad saying, this little boy was our hope, that everything

:08:02.:08:07.

they did was for you at that point in time. Yes, personally you forget

:08:08.:08:17.

sometimes what parents do for you and watching the documentary

:08:18.:08:20.

reminded me of these things, what amazing things parents do for kids.

:08:21.:08:25.

It is very emotional, some raw emotion as well. It is, I couldn't

:08:26.:08:33.

watch! You might have to not watch now because we are going to hear

:08:34.:08:34.

from your dad. My mum mainly raised me, but I loved

:08:35.:08:43.

spending time with my dad. So, Sergei, take this story forward

:08:44.:09:26.

a bit, you were hugely talented, everyone saying so, you start

:09:27.:09:29.

working at the Royal Ballet, and then things go wrong for you? As you

:09:30.:09:34.

look back now, do you know why, do you know what the reasons were? I

:09:35.:09:40.

wanted to do more, I wanted to experience different things, I

:09:41.:09:44.

wanted to be in the movies. I don't know, I wanted to experience other

:09:45.:09:48.

things, a bit more freedom, because when you are a dancer you work

:09:49.:09:54.

really hard in a closed environment. You never even grow up, you stay

:09:55.:10:00.

childlike. It is many, many hours, 11 hours a day, 12. It is tiring,

:10:01.:10:09.

and being on tour in different countries, so you are attached to

:10:10.:10:17.

your work, to your job. If I quit the Royal, I am back to the Ukraine,

:10:18.:10:21.

so it is a lot of pressure, and you want to breed. Then you had a

:10:22.:10:24.

different kind of pressure, because we saw a moment ago the headlines,

:10:25.:10:28.

this was front-page news here when you quit the Royal Ballet School and

:10:29.:10:34.

there was talk about drugs, about your behaviour, that is a whole new

:10:35.:10:38.

kind of pressure, a spotlight on you? It was, it stopped been

:10:39.:10:42.

progressing in a way, I wanted to go to America, I wanted to try

:10:43.:10:45.

different things and it scared people off with the bad press. I was

:10:46.:10:53.

playing with the press, I wasn't mature enough to realise what I was

:10:54.:10:59.

doing, I thought it was funny. I don't know, to me it was silly, I

:11:00.:11:06.

just dug a hole for myself and nobody wanted to hire me after.

:11:07.:11:12.

Which is really tough, isn't it? Yes, you feel like the ground is

:11:13.:11:15.

slipping away from you and nobody wanted to accept me or took me

:11:16.:11:20.

seriously, even though I never missed a day of Ballet, I did every

:11:21.:11:26.

show, I took work really seriously. It is really clear you put in those

:11:27.:11:30.

hours and made a difference as well in the Royal Ballet. Yes, that is

:11:31.:11:36.

another thing I learned, the friendship, one of the most

:11:37.:11:38.

important things in life is friendship. My friends now helped me

:11:39.:11:45.

tremendously on so many levels. And you forget sometimes, it is a good

:11:46.:11:50.

reminder. So from a very difficult place you have managed to carve out

:11:51.:11:54.

now a whole new career where you go and work with people all over the

:11:55.:12:00.

world? Yes, I'm doing my projects now, I want to change the system,

:12:01.:12:07.

change the infrastructure of Ballet. I think it needs help, it needs

:12:08.:12:11.

something new. I think managers and agents should come into the system,

:12:12.:12:17.

dancers are not represented well and I want dancers to be looked after

:12:18.:12:21.

and for them to do what they want to do, not just what they've been told

:12:22.:12:27.

to do. So we're going to do movies about do live shows, support dance

:12:28.:12:33.

in any way we can. And you have taken a step into movies as well?

:12:34.:12:39.

Yes, I'm very happy, that brought me a lot of happiness, I'm working on a

:12:40.:12:44.

movie at the moment with Johnny Depp and Olivia Depot. What is that

:12:45.:12:50.

like?! Unbelievable! Six months ago I did not know I would ever be in a

:12:51.:12:55.

movie and here I was sitting opposite Judi Dench, Michelle

:12:56.:13:08.

Pfeiffer, all these amazing legends. It is a surreal experience. Well, we

:13:09.:13:14.

wish you well, I know you have live performances among other things

:13:15.:13:16.

coming up soon. Are you enjoying the dancing again

:13:17.:13:25.

now? Yes, it will be the premier of the dance.

:13:26.:13:26.

Dancer will be in UK cinemas from next month.

:13:27.:13:28.

Charlie and Steph will be back tomorrow from 6am.

:13:29.:13:32.

They'll be joined on the sofa by singer Chesney Hawkes.

:13:33.:13:36.

JOHN CRAVEN: This is the toughest time of year.

:13:37.:13:52.

It's a time when days are short, and temperatures can plunge.

:13:53.:13:56.