10/02/2017 World News Today


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10/02/2017

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This is BBC World News Today. The headlines. President Trump says he

:00:07.:00:14.

is committed to bringing American and Japanese ties even closer. Mr

:00:15.:00:21.

Trump describes the relationship as the cornerstone of peace and

:00:22.:00:25.

stability in the region, as Shinzo Abe visits. It's important Japan and

:00:26.:00:30.

the United States continued to invest very heavily in the alliance

:00:31.:00:36.

to build up our defence, and our defensive capabilities. Earlier in a

:00:37.:00:40.

phone call to the Chinese president, President Trump had a change of

:00:41.:00:44.

heart on a key policy difference with Beijing. So, is his campaign

:00:45.:00:49.

rhetoric colliding with reality? An imminent terror attack on French saw

:00:50.:00:55.

has been filed with the arrest of four including a 16-year-old girl in

:00:56.:01:00.

Montpellier. Shifting sands in Saudi Arabia. We travel to the kingdom to

:01:01.:01:03.

see what's changing. President Trump has said he is

:01:04.:01:24.

committed to bringing US-Japan ties even closer and that there are lines

:01:25.:01:27.

is the cornerstone of peace and stability in the region. The two

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leaders have been in talks on the White House today, and the talks

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come at a slightly awkward time as Mr Trump has recently accused Japan

:01:37.:01:41.

of currency manipulation. The conference finished a few minutes

:01:42.:01:45.

ago and he had strong words about his commitment to the two countries

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links. We are committed to the security of Japan and all areas

:01:50.:01:57.

under its administrative control and to further strengthening our very

:01:58.:02:05.

crucial alliance. The US-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace

:02:06.:02:11.

and stability. In the Pacific region. It is important both Japan

:02:12.:02:16.

and the United States continued to invest very heavily in the Alliance

:02:17.:02:23.

to build up our defence, and our defensive capabilities which, under

:02:24.:02:26.

our mutual leadership, will become stronger and stronger, and, as time

:02:27.:02:33.

goes by, ultimately they will be impenetrable. Unsurprisingly, the

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first question from the full from journalists was on a different

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subject, and that was the tromp travel ban. The question put to him

:02:45.:02:49.

from the New York Post. We are going to keep our country safe, we are

:02:50.:02:55.

going to do whatever is necessary to keep our country safe. We had a

:02:56.:02:59.

decision which we think will be very successful comic should have taken

:03:00.:03:04.

this much time because safety is a primary reason, one of the reasons

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I'm standing here today, the security of our country, the voters

:03:09.:03:12.

felt I would give it the best security. So we will do something

:03:13.:03:18.

rapidly. You'll be seeing that sometime next week. In addition, we

:03:19.:03:22.

will continue to go through the court process and ultimately I have

:03:23.:03:27.

no doubt we will win that particular case. Donald Trump speaking last few

:03:28.:03:29.

minutes. Let's speak to Laura Trevelyan who's

:03:30.:03:30.

in our Washington studio. Picking up on the travel ban, what

:03:31.:03:40.

are the additional measures Mr Trump mentioned? No, that's the first

:03:41.:03:43.

we've heard of them and he said we'd be finding out soon, perhaps next

:03:44.:03:49.

week, so we don't know. He did say, as expected, that the administration

:03:50.:03:54.

is going to battle this ruling by the federal appeals court. The

:03:55.:03:58.

president tweeted last night, see you in court. We don't know the

:03:59.:04:03.

timetable on that and exactly when the next court appearance will be.

:04:04.:04:08.

On the actual Japanese visit, the two are about to go to Florida to

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play golf and have a weekend of talks. That was a very important

:04:13.:04:16.

commitment to Japanese security, talking about the South China Sea,

:04:17.:04:22.

and also the Indian Ocean. Yeah. It was key and it came in Donald

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Trump's opening paragraph and remember the Japanese have been very

:04:27.:04:30.

worried about what candidate Trump had said. He appeared to question

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the long-standing security alliance which the US has guaranteed Japan,

:04:35.:04:41.

since the end of the Second World War. It is under the US nuclear

:04:42.:04:46.

umbrella, the Japanese. They were worried that they should pay more

:04:47.:04:49.

for their own defence and pay for some nuclear weapons but now you

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have President Trump striking a very different note. He is saying we are

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committed to the security of Japan, and all areas and its administrative

:04:59.:05:03.

control. Remember, Japan administers those disputed islands in the East

:05:04.:05:09.

China Sea. The Chinese have been making moves towards those islands

:05:10.:05:14.

recently, which has really alarmed the Japanese, so they were very

:05:15.:05:19.

pleased to hear from President Trump that the security guarantee extends

:05:20.:05:24.

to those. For them, that is a big victory, for the Japanese prime

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minister, Shinzo Abe. They are having a working lunch now, where

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they will talk about economics and also that transpacific partnership

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trade deal which the Americans don't want anything to do with now but the

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Japanese worked so hard on. It looks like the mood on the golf links will

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be quite good after that unswerving commitment to the security alliance.

:05:50.:05:52.

Donald Trump saying they both had very good chemistry, and he'd let us

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know whether that bond changed. Thanks very much for now.

:05:57.:05:58.

Donald Trump has also been speaking to China's

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Mr Trump said he was committed to Beijing's one China policy,

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which asserts that Taiwan is a part of China.

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American recognition of the policy is a cornerstone

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of US-Chinese relations, but Mr Trump has

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Here's our China editor Carrie Gracie in the Taiwanese

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Three weeks into the Trump presidency, the phone call between

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an American president and a Chinese president has finally happened. It

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was becoming conspicuous by its absence over those three weeks, a

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score of otherworldly did had already picked up the phone to

:06:38.:06:42.

Donald Trump, but not President Xi. The sticking point was the future of

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this place, Taiwan. This vibrant, noisy, contradictory democracy.

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There's lots of people on the streets because of this lantern

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festival. The problem here is the identity and the future of Taiwan

:06:59.:07:02.

because China wants this place back. It sees it as the last piece in the

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jigsaw puzzle of the Chinese nation. President Trump wants to sell more

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exports to China to level up the trade balance, and he started

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talking before his inauguration as if the status of Taiwan might be a

:07:19.:07:22.

bargaining chip in that and he might veer towards acknowledging the

:07:23.:07:27.

independence of this place. That was a no-no to President Xi and that

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call wasn't going to happen until they got back clear between them. As

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far as China's concerned, nothing happens until you've acknowledged

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the One China policy that acknowledges that this island is a

:07:42.:07:49.

part of China. So, President Xi got what he wanted from President Trump

:07:50.:07:52.

and the question is did President Trump get anything in return? It

:07:53.:07:58.

looks as if Donald Trump blinked and it is he, right now, as far as China

:07:59.:08:04.

and Taiwan are concerned, is a paper tiger.

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French police have arrested four people in the southern city

:08:07.:08:08.

of Montpellier on suspicion of planning a terrorist attack.

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They had apparently bought chemicals that can be used to make bombs,

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and a makeshift laboratory was found during a search.

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Naomi Grimley has been speaking about what has been found.

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This latest plot saw four people arrested, three men and a

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16-year-old woman. And in their possession was found acetone. That's

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significant because it is a highly flammable liquid which can be used

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to make the explosive TA TP, and that was exactly the kind of

:08:44.:08:47.

explosive that was used in the November 2015 Paris attacks. And the

:08:48.:08:52.

brothel attacks last year. So that might explain why the authorities

:08:53.:08:56.

are particularly worried about this plot, and they do say that an

:08:57.:09:01.

attack, a series of bombs were in preparation and an attack was

:09:02.:09:06.

imminent. It comes at a time when France and, indeed, Paris in

:09:07.:09:11.

particular is under high alert, a state of high alert. Emergency laws

:09:12.:09:19.

have been in place, ever since the November attacks in 2015, and

:09:20.:09:24.

they've been extended on a rolling basis. There is also particular

:09:25.:09:28.

worry because security is high up the agenda as we move towards the

:09:29.:09:32.

presidential elections. The first round of which is at the end of

:09:33.:09:39.

April. So you can see guards on the street and, indeed, yesterday the

:09:40.:09:43.

Eiffel Tower announced it was going to put a reinforced glass screen

:09:44.:09:47.

around the base of it, and that's just an example of how some of these

:09:48.:09:51.

security measures are becoming more permanent.

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Now a look at some of the days other news.

:09:53.:09:56.

Indonesian officials say 12 people including young children have been

:09:57.:10:02.

killed in multiple landslides on the island of Bali. Several others were

:10:03.:10:07.

injured when Holmes on a slope on the east of the island were washed

:10:08.:10:11.

away. More heavy rain is expected to fall throughout the weekend.

:10:12.:10:13.

A judge in Carew has ordered the arrest of the former president as

:10:14.:10:20.

part of a growing corruption scandal. He was in office from

:10:21.:10:27.

2001-2006 and is accused of taking $20 million in bribes in return for

:10:28.:10:31.

allowing developers to build a highway. Some time in Australia is

:10:32.:10:37.

hot but right now the temperature in large parts of the country is

:10:38.:10:42.

extreme. It's prompted warnings of electricity blackouts and bushfires.

:10:43.:10:48.

Parts of New South Wales soared to a record-breaking 47 Celsius on

:10:49.:10:55.

Friday. The heatwave is set to continue on Sunday. Let's get more

:10:56.:10:57.

in our top story. President Trump has described the

:10:58.:11:07.

US-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace and stability in the

:11:08.:11:11.

region. Shinzo Abe said strengthening their relationship

:11:12.:11:15.

could bring many jobs. Last year, from Japan to the United

:11:16.:11:20.

States, there have been more than $150 billion of new investment made

:11:21.:11:26.

into the United States. And those Japanese businesses have created a

:11:27.:11:35.

large number of jobs, and the mutually beneficial economic

:11:36.:11:41.

relations have been built with the United States with Donald Trump

:11:42.:11:44.

taking on the leadership, I am sure there will be investments made,

:11:45.:11:57.

including a faster speed train. I know you are the chair of Japan

:11:58.:12:05.

studies in Washington and what did you make of the press conference,

:12:06.:12:08.

the body language between the two leaders, it looked quite warm, and

:12:09.:12:12.

specifically what they said. It was quite a lengthy press conference.

:12:13.:12:18.

Indeed. I think the chemistry was good. And one of Shinzo Abe's goals

:12:19.:12:24.

is to improve that further and they will probably do that on the golf

:12:25.:12:28.

course this weekend. The other thing Abe wanted to do was strengthen the

:12:29.:12:35.

US-Japan alliance and get President Trump to reaffirm security

:12:36.:12:42.

statements, which it did. Abe also wanted to accommodate Trump's

:12:43.:12:46.

America first narrative. You heard him talk about Japanese investment

:12:47.:12:50.

in the United States, and perhaps a new economic initiative. The one

:12:51.:12:55.

area where there could be differences of course is on trade. I

:12:56.:12:59.

thought it was interesting that President Trump spoke in bilateral

:13:00.:13:03.

terms, referencing free, fair and reciprocal trade, whereas Shinzo Abe

:13:04.:13:09.

was talking about rules and norms for economic integration in the

:13:10.:13:13.

Asia-Pacific region, which was very much an organising principle behind

:13:14.:13:17.

TPP. Very good chemistry, a great start but I think it is trade with

:13:18.:13:25.

the two government Pramac where the governments -- will have to have

:13:26.:13:29.

talks. Japan has been concerned with the ongoing tension about what is

:13:30.:13:33.

going on in the region with China and so on. What did you read into

:13:34.:13:39.

what we heard there? I thought it was very interesting President Trump

:13:40.:13:43.

talk not only about US security commitments to Japan but

:13:44.:13:45.

strengthening mutual defence capabilities. I believe he used the

:13:46.:13:50.

phrase impenetrable. That sends a very strong signal to China and

:13:51.:13:56.

North Korea. They cannot drive a wedge between the US and Japan. And

:13:57.:14:00.

that the alliance will remain strong and that is a very reassuring signal

:14:01.:14:06.

for the entire region after a very bizarre comment from Trump over the

:14:07.:14:11.

course of the presidential campaign. Strengthening defence capabilities

:14:12.:14:14.

and that security has great potential to evolve with the new US

:14:15.:14:19.

administration. What do you foresee coming out of the weekend, as we

:14:20.:14:22.

heard they are going to Florida to play some golf and to continue the

:14:23.:14:25.

talks. What will both sides want to get out of it by Sunday? Well,

:14:26.:14:32.

President Trump referred to negotiations in Florida which

:14:33.:14:36.

reveals his mindset, in respect of bilateral economic ties and his

:14:37.:14:40.

instincts to talk about trade. I think Shinzo Abe wants to get to

:14:41.:14:44.

know the present better. It's important to remember that Abe is on

:14:45.:14:48.

solid political ground in Japan. He could be the leader for several more

:14:49.:14:52.

years, and he's going to present himself as someone who Trump can do

:14:53.:14:57.

business with. Over time on the golf course, exchanging views is really

:14:58.:15:01.

going to do a lot. And then the government Pramac can pick up the

:15:02.:15:05.

details in dialogue going forward. Thanks very much for your time.

:15:06.:15:28.

The panel in Saudi Arabia includes efforts to try to open up the

:15:29.:15:34.

conservative kingdom west and banned and women aren't allowed to drive.

:15:35.:15:39.

Our chief international correspondent correspondent reports

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from Saudi Arabia. The image of Saudi Arabia is of the

:15:42.:15:47.

harsh reality of a country which has been repeatedly condemned for its

:15:48.:15:52.

human rights record, and repeatedly criticised for its role in the

:15:53.:15:56.

bombing campaign in Yemen with allegations of possible war crimes.

:15:57.:16:00.

These are discussed by Saudi officials outside the country but

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inside the country that's not the discussion that is preoccupying

:16:05.:16:07.

people. So much attention is now being focused on what is a very

:16:08.:16:12.

ambitious master plan to do nothing less than transform this country,

:16:13.:16:18.

the world's biggest exporter of oil, which took a real beating a few

:16:19.:16:24.

years ago when oil prices crashed and the government saw its revenues

:16:25.:16:27.

halved. It was a wake-up call. More than that, it recognises that if

:16:28.:16:33.

you're going to impose more hardships on your people who are not

:16:34.:16:38.

used to paying taxes,, having most of their services paid for with the

:16:39.:16:42.

subsidies being eased, you have to give them something in return. So,

:16:43.:16:48.

there is talk about how do you open up the country? So we took a look at

:16:49.:16:52.

how far and fast Saudi Arabia's changing.

:16:53.:17:04.

A moment many have waited for. A live concert. They call him the

:17:05.:17:06.

artist of Arabs. A rock star here. He's even been called the Paul

:17:07.:17:20.

McCartney of Saudi Arabia. Now allowed to sing in his own country

:17:21.:17:26.

for the first time in years. His fans never thought they'd see him on

:17:27.:17:31.

here. It's the first of many concerts planned by a new ministry,

:17:32.:17:36.

charged with bringing some fun conservative kingdom.

:17:37.:17:42.

One step at a time. Look at the crowd. All men. And some Saudis

:17:43.:17:50.

don't want women at concerts like this. It's too much and isn't good

:17:51.:17:58.

for the country. But the pace of change is picking up. Dune bashing

:17:59.:18:05.

is one of the few thrills on offer at the weekend. There are not any

:18:06.:18:13.

Saudi women here today. It is quite a ride, I'm sure they'd enjoy it. In

:18:14.:18:18.

this young country, two thirds of people are under 30. The bright

:18:19.:18:24.

lights of Dubai or London are all too tempting. Now their rulers,

:18:25.:18:29.

including a 31-year-old Deputy Crown prince, are trying to encourage them

:18:30.:18:32.

to spend their time and money at home. We're changing the past but

:18:33.:18:37.

first of all we have to have women driving and we have to have the

:18:38.:18:42.

cinema. Because it isn't forbidden in our religion. And you want

:18:43.:18:51.

dancing? What about drinking? Not drinking, not dancing. It isn't

:18:52.:18:54.

allowed in our religion. And we don't want it. The winds of change

:18:55.:19:02.

started blowing from here, the empty Quarter. The world's largest desert

:19:03.:19:13.

and its richest oil fields. No one else produces more of this black

:19:14.:19:17.

gold. No other industry provides so much cash to the kingdom. 90% of its

:19:18.:19:27.

revenue. But low world prices cut the earnings in half. The discovery

:19:28.:19:32.

of oil in this forbidding desert fuelled the rise of Saudi Arabia, a

:19:33.:19:37.

powerful kingdom of vast wealth but the crash in world oil prices

:19:38.:19:42.

exposed another harsh reality, the need to end what its rulers call a

:19:43.:19:49.

dangerous addiction to oil. And that means an end to the state's largess.

:19:50.:19:58.

When I went to see the powerful oil minister in the capital, Riyadh, he

:19:59.:20:05.

admitted it wouldn't be easy. For sure, there will be pain. The old

:20:06.:20:08.

adage, no pain no gain is very much at play here. And they are already

:20:09.:20:14.

hurting, especially in the middle class with cuts to subsidies to fuel

:20:15.:20:20.

and water. For sure. And what those pains will do as they will mobilise

:20:21.:20:25.

people to do new things that they are not used to doing. Saudis have

:20:26.:20:31.

been used to subsidised fuel to run their cars, cushy government jobs,

:20:32.:20:37.

no taxes. Now they are being told look for jobs in private companies

:20:38.:20:42.

or create them. Everyone is being asked to shoulder more

:20:43.:20:48.

responsibility. It is a huge thing, it is a huge step for Saudi Arabia.

:20:49.:20:55.

We need to cope with it. How? I don't know, but we will see. Are you

:20:56.:21:03.

worried? Yes. Of course. Everyone is. Because it is new thing for

:21:04.:21:09.

Saudi Arabia. It is an ambitious plan. Some say too ambitious. In the

:21:10.:21:16.

heart of Riyadh, the world's biggest metro project. The first public

:21:17.:21:21.

transport system for the capital. And it's more than just a Metro.

:21:22.:21:28.

It's meant to change the way Saudis live, create jobs, including some

:21:29.:21:32.

for women. These young architects and engineers are part of a new,

:21:33.:21:37.

highly educated generation. And there was equal opportunities the

:21:38.:21:42.

men and women? Definitely. We have the same working hours, same loads,

:21:43.:21:47.

everything is equal. Progress takes different speeds in different

:21:48.:21:51.

countries. Maybe were not as fast as people would like us to be but were

:21:52.:21:56.

going as good as it is for our own nation and citizens. There have been

:21:57.:22:00.

plans to change this country before, so there is scepticism, too. For the

:22:01.:22:05.

outside world, Saudi Arabia has long been viewed as a closed and

:22:06.:22:12.

conservative kingdom. It still is. But some things are clearly starting

:22:13.:22:16.

to change. That doesn't include public discussion of its human

:22:17.:22:20.

rights record or any political reform but for the majority of

:22:21.:22:24.

Saudis, other issues seem to matter far more.

:22:25.:22:33.

And that Saudi Arabia in 2017. You do find sceptics and doubters here.

:22:34.:22:38.

They say Saudi Arabia doesn't have the bureaucracy, doesn't have the

:22:39.:22:42.

government ministries, doesn't have the ability to carry out this

:22:43.:22:47.

ambitious plan. 14 years is simply too short. Even critics will say

:22:48.:22:52.

that at least there is a plan with practicalities. The first time in

:22:53.:22:55.

Saudi history, there are government ministers who are being sacked, and

:22:56.:23:01.

held accountable. I've spoken women activists who say they've taken

:23:02.:23:04.

elements of this plan, they go to the labour ministry and say you have

:23:05.:23:09.

to carry out this plan. The reality is Saudi Arabia has no other choice.

:23:10.:23:17.

World oil prices are low and will not get higher. They have a huge

:23:18.:23:22.

youth bulge. To keep the Saudis here, to give Saudi Arabia a future,

:23:23.:23:25.

they've got to give them not just jobs but a life that is worth

:23:26.:23:29.

living. It has to have a lot more fun.

:23:30.:23:35.

More than 400 Wales have beached on the coast of New Zealand, one of the

:23:36.:23:42.

worst whale stranding is in the country. Volunteers are racing to

:23:43.:23:47.

try and save and refloat them but already 300 have died and time is

:23:48.:23:52.

running out for the rest. Stranded, distressed and barely

:23:53.:23:59.

alive. Volunteers have come from far and wide to save the Wales beached

:24:00.:24:03.

in New Zealand overnight. But most of them were already dead. This is

:24:04.:24:10.

the third largest mass stranding we've recorded so it is a very large

:24:11.:24:15.

one. Logistically, it is a massive undertaking. The Wales started

:24:16.:24:19.

stranding around 10pm last night, we were notified of that, and this

:24:20.:24:23.

morning when they went out and checked on them, most of the whales

:24:24.:24:28.

were already dead. I've never experienced death before. For such a

:24:29.:24:34.

majestic animal, it's very strange to see them doing this. There is a

:24:35.:24:38.

lot of death here, which is a sad thing. If we can get some of them

:24:39.:24:43.

out, it's got to be a good thing. Scientists don't know why Wales

:24:44.:24:48.

beached themselves. It can be due to sickness or injury. Anybody that

:24:49.:24:53.

doesn't have a sheet, make sure the sheet is wet not covering the

:24:54.:24:59.

blowhole. Rescuers trying to refloat the whales but some just turned

:25:00.:25:03.

straight back to shore. Whale strandings are common in New

:25:04.:25:06.

Zealand. 200 Wales beached here two years earlier but this is one of the

:25:07.:25:12.

country's worst mass strandings. We have some extraordinary pictures

:25:13.:25:13.

to show you now. A dramatic flow of Laver has

:25:14.:25:24.

reappeared and is shooting into the ocean off Hawaii.

:25:25.:25:26.

You can see huge explosions in the sea water as the molten rock

:25:27.:25:29.

spews out in what is known as a "fire hose."

:25:30.:25:32.

It's impressive to look at, but it's also extremely dangerous,

:25:33.:25:34.

and geologists are warning sightseers to stay away.

:25:35.:25:36.

The lava flow here actually began on New Year's Eve,

:25:37.:25:38.

but was cut off last week after a cliff collapsed

:25:39.:25:41.

Amazing pictures for you. That's it, I'll be back in about 1.5 hours on

:25:42.:25:51.

BBC world News. Next, the weather. It is looking wintry this weekend.

:25:52.:26:10.

One thing is the sure, it's going to be cold with

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