10/02/2017 World News Today


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10/02/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Broadcasting in the UK and around the world.

:00:00.:00:13.

The headlines - President Trump says he is committed to bringing American

:00:14.:00:17.

Mr Trump describes the relationship as the cornerstone of peace

:00:18.:00:22.

and stability in the region, as Shinzo Abe visits.

:00:23.:00:25.

It's important Japan and the United States continue

:00:26.:00:29.

to invest very heavily in the alliance to build

:00:30.:00:32.

up our defence, and our defensive capabilities.

:00:33.:00:36.

Earlier in a phone call to the Chinese president,

:00:37.:00:39.

President Trump had a change of heart on a key policy

:00:40.:00:42.

So, is his campaign rhetoric colliding with reality?

:00:43.:00:50.

An imminent terror attack on French saw has been filed with the arrest

:00:51.:00:54.

of four including a 16-year-old girl in Montpellier.

:00:55.:00:57.

We travel to the kingdom to see what's changing.

:00:58.:01:18.

President Trump has said he is committed to bringing

:01:19.:01:21.

US-Japan ties even closer and that there are lines

:01:22.:01:26.

in the cornerstone of peace and stability in the region.

:01:27.:01:39.

Tokyo sees America as an ally to maintain security.

:01:40.:01:46.

We are committed to the security of Japan and all areas

:01:47.:01:50.

under its administrative control and to further strengthening our

:01:51.:01:54.

The US-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of

:01:55.:02:03.

peace and stability in the Pacific region.

:02:04.:02:07.

It is important both Japan and the United States continue

:02:08.:02:11.

to invest very heavily in the Alliance to build

:02:12.:02:17.

up our defence, and our defensive capabilities which, under our mutual

:02:18.:02:22.

leadership, will become stronger and stronger,

:02:23.:02:25.

and, as time goes by, ultimately they will

:02:26.:02:29.

Unsurprisingly, the first question from the full from journalists

:02:30.:02:36.

was on a different subject, and that was the Trump travel ban.

:02:37.:02:39.

The question put to him from the New York Post.

:02:40.:02:43.

We are going to keep our country safe, we are going to do

:02:44.:02:47.

whatever is necessary to keep our country safe.

:02:48.:02:51.

We had a decision which we think will be very

:02:52.:02:54.

successful and should not have taken this much time

:02:55.:02:57.

one of the reasons I'm standing here today,

:02:58.:03:03.

the security of our country, the voters felt I would give

:03:04.:03:06.

it the best security. So we will do something rapidly.

:03:07.:03:09.

You'll be seeing that sometime next week.

:03:10.:03:13.

In addition, we will continue to go through the court process

:03:14.:03:17.

and ultimately I have no doubt we will win that particular case.

:03:18.:03:26.

The two leaders headed for Florida aboard Air Force One a couple of

:03:27.:03:32.

hours ago. They will even play a round of golf. We know they are both

:03:33.:03:41.

keen golfers and that was referred to and Shinzo Abe and Donald Trump

:03:42.:03:45.

both using very warm words, what was the key announcement on the Japan -

:03:46.:03:52.

US relationship? Very warm words indeed as you mentioned. This

:03:53.:03:56.

reference to the cornerstone of regional peace and stability, that

:03:57.:03:59.

alliance between Japan and the United States. In the words of

:04:00.:04:04.

Donald Trump. Some pretty harsh things to say on the campaign trail

:04:05.:04:09.

about Japan, accusing the Japanese of stealing American jobs, taking

:04:10.:04:13.

advantage of the US over its security umbrella, the protection it

:04:14.:04:18.

provides to Japan, but all very cordial today. Shinzo Abe has been

:04:19.:04:26.

getting a good relationship with Donald Trump, making it a priority

:04:27.:04:30.

and he has been very much in his corner since the new President took

:04:31.:04:34.

office. They still have got things to discuss over the next day and a

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half or so and trade of course is expected to be among them. America

:04:42.:04:47.

of course under President Trump, withdrew from the Trans-Pacific

:04:48.:04:50.

Partnership so that calls into question by latter at economic ties.

:04:51.:04:55.

They have to be sorted out. There is of course also the relationship with

:04:56.:05:00.

China and Japan and China are in dispute over islands in the east

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China sea. America are crucial to Japan's security there. Plenty of

:05:07.:05:10.

things to discuss. Donald Trump also talked about a number of new

:05:11.:05:13.

announcements in the offing, including crucially, the travel ban.

:05:14.:05:20.

He said there will be more to come. He has continued to stress the

:05:21.:05:25.

security of people United States is his number one priority, his

:05:26.:05:28.

obligation, as he puts it. Last night we heard the appeals court in

:05:29.:05:35.

San Francisco had continued this day on the Executive order, the travel

:05:36.:05:43.

ban, so it is now a question for the US justice department of what they

:05:44.:05:46.

do next. They have said they are reviewing all options as they put

:05:47.:05:52.

it, but most likely, getting this case back to the District Court,

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because taking it to the Supreme Court is a very risky strategy at

:05:57.:06:00.

the moment. All the time the court there is deadlocked, the pending the

:06:01.:06:16.

decision. We will be talking more about Japan's relationship with US

:06:17.:06:17.

later in the programme. China of course a key area of

:06:18.:06:26.

diplomacy. Donald Trump has also

:06:27.:06:29.

been speaking to China's Mr Trump said he was committed

:06:30.:06:32.

to Beijing's One China policy, which asserts that Taiwan

:06:33.:06:39.

is a part of China. American recognition

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of the policy is a cornerstone of US-Chinese relations,

:06:43.:06:44.

but Mr Trump has questioned it in the past.

:06:45.:06:47.

Here's our China editor Carrie Gracie in the Taiwanese

:06:48.:06:50.

capital, Taipei. Three weeks into the Trump

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Presidency, the phone call between an American President

:06:54.:06:56.

and a Chinese President It was becoming conspicuous

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by its absence over those three weeks, a score of other world

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leaders had already picked up the phone to Donald Trump,

:07:09.:07:11.

but not President Xi. The sticking point was the future

:07:12.:07:13.

of this place, Taiwan. This vibrant, noisy,

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contradictory democracy. There's lots of people

:07:17.:07:19.

on the streets because of this lantern festival.

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The problem here is the identity and the future of Taiwan

:07:22.:07:25.

because China wants this place back. It sees it as the last piece

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in the jigsaw puzzle President Trump wants to sell more

:07:29.:07:31.

exports to China to level up the trade balance,

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and he started talking before his inauguration

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as if the status of Taiwan might be a bargaining chip in that

:07:43.:07:45.

and he might veer towards acknowledging the independence

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of this place. That was a no-no to President Xi

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and that call wasn't going to happen until they got

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that clear between them. As far as China's concerned,

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nothing happens until you've acknowledged the One China policy

:08:00.:08:03.

that acknowledges that this So, President Xi got what he wanted

:08:04.:08:07.

from President Trump and the question is did

:08:08.:08:14.

President Trump get It looks as if Donald Trump blinked

:08:15.:08:17.

and it is he, right now, as far as China and Taiwan

:08:18.:08:26.

are concerned, is a paper tiger. French police have arrested four

:08:27.:08:32.

people in the southern city of Montpellier on suspicion

:08:33.:08:37.

of planning a terrorist attack. They had apparently bought chemicals

:08:38.:08:40.

that can be used to make bombs, and a makeshift laboratory was found

:08:41.:08:43.

during a search. Naomi Grimley has been speaking

:08:44.:08:55.

about what has been found. This latest plot saw four people

:08:56.:08:58.

arrested, three men And in their possession

:08:59.:09:00.

was found acetone. That's significant because it is

:09:01.:09:06.

a highly flammable liquid which can be used to make the explosive TATP,

:09:07.:09:09.

and that was exactly the kind of explosive that was used

:09:10.:09:14.

in the November 2015 Paris attacks So that might explain why

:09:15.:09:17.

the authorities are particularly worried about this plot,

:09:18.:09:24.

and they do say that an attack, a series of bombs

:09:25.:09:28.

were in preparation It comes at a time when France and,

:09:29.:09:30.

indeed, Paris in particular is under high alert,

:09:31.:09:39.

a state of high alert. Emergency laws have been in place,

:09:40.:09:44.

ever since the November attacks in 2015, and they've been extended

:09:45.:09:48.

on a rolling basis. There is also particular worry

:09:49.:09:52.

because security is high up the agenda as we move

:09:53.:09:55.

towards the Presidential elections. The first round of which is

:09:56.:10:00.

at the end of April. So you can see guards

:10:01.:10:04.

on the street and, indeed, yesterday the Eiffel Tower announced

:10:05.:10:09.

it was going to put a reinforced glass screen around the base of it,

:10:10.:10:13.

and that's just an example of how some of these security measures

:10:14.:10:17.

are becoming more permanent. Inside Saudi Arabia, the talk is

:10:18.:10:39.

more about trying to get the country off its dependence on oil. Division

:10:40.:10:45.

2030 was launched on the plan also includes effort slowly to open up

:10:46.:10:51.

the Conservative kingdom, where cinemas are banned and women aren't

:10:52.:10:52.

even allowed to drive. Our chief international

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correspondent correspondent Our chief international

:10:57.:11:00.

correspondent The moment many have waited for.

:11:01.:11:17.

This is the first of many concerts planned by a new ministry planned

:11:18.:11:23.

with bringing some fine to a Conservative kingdom one step at a

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time. Look at the crowd, all men. In some Saudis don't want women at

:11:32.:11:35.

concerts like this. It is too much and it is not good for the country.

:11:36.:11:42.

But the pace of change is picking up. Dude bashing is one of the few

:11:43.:11:51.

thrills on offer at the weekend. There are not any Saudi women here

:11:52.:11:55.

today. It is quite a ride, I am sure they would enjoy it. In this young

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country, two thirds of people are under 30. The bright lights of Dubai

:12:03.:12:08.

or London are all too tempting. Now their rulers, including a

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31-year-old deputy crown prince, are trying to encourage them to spend

:12:13.:12:16.

their time and money at home. We are changing fast but we have to do have

:12:17.:12:21.

the women driving festival and cinemas. The winds of change started

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blowing from her. -- here. This is the empty Quarter. The world's

:12:32.:12:36.

richest oil fields. No other industry provide so much cash to the

:12:37.:12:44.

kingdom, 90% of its revenues. But low world prices cut those earnings

:12:45.:12:49.

in half. And that means an end to the state's largesse. When I went to

:12:50.:12:56.

see the powerful oil minister in the capital, Riyadh, he admitted, it

:12:57.:13:02.

would not be easy. For sure, they will be paying, no pain, no game is

:13:03.:13:10.

very much at play here. The middle class are already hurting I am told,

:13:11.:13:16.

especially subsidies to fuel, water. For sure. And what those pains will

:13:17.:13:20.

do is mobilise people to do new things they are not used to doing.

:13:21.:13:26.

Saudis have enjoyed cheap petrol, lavish perks, no taxes. The economic

:13:27.:13:32.

plan is ambitious, some say, too ambitious. In the heart of Riyadh,

:13:33.:13:39.

this is the world's biggest Metro project. To change the way people

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live, create jobs, including some for women. Equal opportunities for

:13:44.:13:50.

men and women? Definitely, we have the same working hours, the same

:13:51.:13:56.

loads, everything is equal. Progress takes different speeds, maybe we're

:13:57.:13:58.

not as fast as people would like us to be but we are going as good as it

:13:59.:14:05.

is for our nation and our citizens. There have been plans to change this

:14:06.:14:08.

country before, so there is scepticism as well. To the outside

:14:09.:14:14.

world, Saudi Arabia has long been viewed as a closed and Conservative

:14:15.:14:19.

kingdom, it still is, but some things are clearly starting to

:14:20.:14:24.

change. That does not include public discussion of its human rights

:14:25.:14:30.

record or any political reform. But for the majority of Saudis, other

:14:31.:14:32.

issues seem to matter far more. Do stay with us, much more ahead.

:14:33.:14:44.

You have heard of fake news but what about fake publicity? That is what

:14:45.:14:49.

Lithuania's tourism department has been caught doing. The details and a

:14:50.:14:50.

couple of minutes. A report into the alleged abuse of

:14:51.:15:07.

Iraqis citizens by soldiers has been a failure. It is accused of acting

:15:08.:15:12.

with total disregard for the soldiers and their families. Defence

:15:13.:15:18.

Secretary Michael Fallon explains. Most of these allegations now fall

:15:19.:15:23.

away, following the striking off of the dishonest solicitor, fill

:15:24.:15:27.

Shiner, as a result of the evidence that we put before the solicitor's

:15:28.:15:32.

disciplinary tribunal. This will be a huge relief to hundreds of British

:15:33.:15:36.

troops who have had these quite unfair allegations hanging over

:15:37.:15:40.

them. They are now being freed of that and we will put in place new

:15:41.:15:44.

measures to ensure this never happens again and there are proper

:15:45.:15:51.

safeguards to prevent completely malicious and unfounded allegations

:15:52.:15:53.

being made against our brave servicemen and women. This is BBC

:15:54.:15:58.

world news today. President Trump has described

:15:59.:16:06.

the US-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace

:16:07.:16:09.

and stability in the region. President Trump committed to

:16:10.:16:20.

Beijing's one China policy saying Taiwan is part of China. Shinzo Abe

:16:21.:16:30.

has had a news conference Donald Trump at the White House and

:16:31.:16:34.

President Trump described the US - Japan alliance as the cornerstone of

:16:35.:16:35.

peace and stability in the region. Shinzo Abe said strengthening their

:16:36.:16:38.

relationship could bring many jobs. TRANSLATION: Last year,

:16:39.:16:49.

from Japan to the United States, there have been more

:16:50.:16:53.

than $150 billion of new investment And those Japanese businesses have

:16:54.:16:56.

created a large number of jobs, and the mutually beneficial economic

:16:57.:17:01.

relations have been built with the United States

:17:02.:17:04.

with Donald Trump taking on the leadership, I am sure

:17:05.:17:08.

there will be investments made, I spoke to Nicholas from the centre

:17:09.:17:25.

of strategic international studies and he gave us his analysis. I think

:17:26.:17:31.

the chemistry was good and one of Shinzo Abe's goals is developed that

:17:32.:17:35.

further and they will probably do that on the golf course this

:17:36.:17:39.

weekend. The other thing he wanted to do is strengthen the US - Japan

:17:40.:17:44.

alliance and get President Trump to reaffirm US security commitments to

:17:45.:17:48.

Japan which he did in his opening statement. To a certain degree, I

:17:49.:17:52.

think Shinzo Abe also wanted to accommodate Trump's America first

:17:53.:17:56.

narrative in economic terms and you heard him talk about US - Japanese

:17:57.:18:01.

investment in the United States and perhaps a new economic initiative.

:18:02.:18:06.

The one area where they could be differences of course is on trade. I

:18:07.:18:10.

thought it was interesting that President Trump spoke in bilateral

:18:11.:18:14.

terms, referencing free, fair and reciprocal trade. Prime Minister

:18:15.:18:20.

Shinzo Abe talked about rules and norms for economic immigration which

:18:21.:18:27.

is very much an organising principle behind TTP. Overall, great

:18:28.:18:30.

chemistry, a great start, but I think it is trade with governments

:18:31.:18:34.

will have to have a lot of dialogue forward. On security, Japan has been

:18:35.:18:41.

considered, this ongoing tension about what is going on in the region

:18:42.:18:45.

with China and so on, what did you read into what we heard? I thought

:18:46.:18:51.

it was very interesting that President Trump talk not only about

:18:52.:18:56.

US security commitments to Japan, but strengthening mutual defence

:18:57.:19:01.

capabilities. I believe he used the phrase impenetrable. That sends a

:19:02.:19:04.

strong signal to China and North Korea. That they cannot drive a

:19:05.:19:10.

wedge between US and Japan and that the alliance will remain strong. It

:19:11.:19:13.

is a very reassuring signal for the entire region after a very bizarre

:19:14.:19:20.

comments from Trump over the course of the presidential campaign.

:19:21.:19:23.

Strengthening defence capabilities that security peace has great

:19:24.:19:28.

potential to evolve with the new US administration. What do you foresee

:19:29.:19:32.

coming out of the weekend, as we heard, they are due to go to Florida

:19:33.:19:36.

and play some golf and continuing the talks, what will both sides want

:19:37.:19:41.

to get out of it by Sunday? President Trump referred to

:19:42.:19:45.

negotiations in Florida which I think reveals his mindset, with

:19:46.:19:48.

respect to bilateral economic ties and his instincts to talk about

:19:49.:19:53.

trade. I think President Shinzo Abe wants to get to know the President

:19:54.:19:58.

better. He is on very solid political ground in Japan and be the

:19:59.:20:02.

leader for several more years. He is going to present himself as someone

:20:03.:20:06.

Trump can do business with. Over time, I think, on the golf course,

:20:07.:20:11.

exchanging views, it will really do a lot on the governments can then

:20:12.:20:14.

pick up the details in dialogue going forward.

:20:15.:20:20.

Let's catch up with the sport. The Russian athlete Maria Savino

:20:21.:20:30.

book has been stripped of her title from London 2012 after being found

:20:31.:20:34.

guilty of doping offences by the Court of Arbitration for Sport. It

:20:35.:20:37.

means the South African athlete becomes a two-time champion. She

:20:38.:20:44.

also inherits the 2011 will Championship title which Savinova

:20:45.:20:54.

also a link wishes. Savinova, one of Russia's most

:20:55.:20:58.

famous middle-distance athletes, now one of most notorious drug cheats.

:20:59.:21:05.

The court ruling today that between 2010 in July, and August 2013, all

:21:06.:21:11.

her medals, prizes, all the money she has won, will be forfeited

:21:12.:21:14.

because of abnormalities in urban biological passport. That is a

:21:15.:21:20.

system which detects over a period of time whether an athlete has been

:21:21.:21:25.

using performance enhancing drugs. Savinova previously had been

:21:26.:21:30.

recommended for a lifetime ban by the world anti-doping authority

:21:31.:21:34.

enquirer, led by Dick Pound in December 2000 and 15. Chelsea are

:21:35.:21:40.

nine points clear of the top, a lead which could be reduced to six points

:21:41.:21:44.

should second placed Tottenham win on Saturday. Chelsea play on Sunday.

:21:45.:21:49.

Spurs lead the chasing pack but travel to Anfield to face Liverpool

:21:50.:21:55.

who haven't given up their hopes of lifting the title. Both managers

:21:56.:21:56.

have been sizing up the opposition. It was not a flying situation up

:21:57.:22:10.

until yesterday for us. If we play like we played against Hull in the

:22:11.:22:15.

first off, no chance, but if we play like the second half, a better

:22:16.:22:20.

chance. We need to be ready to fight because we will have a very

:22:21.:22:24.

difficult game. They are not in a good run but Liverpool have a very

:22:25.:22:30.

good players and for me, one of the best squads, not only in England, if

:22:31.:22:41.

not in Europe. I'm they will be motivated and this is always a big

:22:42.:22:47.

match. Six nations continues this weekend. The action beginning with

:22:48.:22:53.

Ireland in Rome to face Italy before Wales welcome England to Cardiff.

:22:54.:23:01.

Scotland having beaten the French in Paris in 1999. Tiger Woods has

:23:02.:23:10.

withdrawn from the next two events on the PGA Tour because of ongoing

:23:11.:23:15.

back spasms. He pulled out of the Dubai desert classic this month and

:23:16.:23:19.

only returned to action in December following two back operations. That

:23:20.:23:22.

is all over now. He has also been ordered to pay the

:23:23.:23:50.

President just under 2000 euros. His lawyer says the comedian will

:23:51.:23:55.

appeal. TRANSLATION: The court has made a very dire technical error. It

:23:56.:23:59.

sees the entire thing as art but then it starts to prohibit certain

:24:00.:24:03.

sentences from it and that is against article five of our

:24:04.:24:07.

constitution, the freedom of art. One cannot cut out certain parts of

:24:08.:24:11.

the painting because they bother you so I am confident we will win in the

:24:12.:24:14.

next court, the federal High Court of justice. We have heard a lot

:24:15.:24:20.

about fake news recently but what about false publicity? That is what

:24:21.:24:25.

the head of Lithuania's tourist department has done, using these

:24:26.:24:29.

pictures as part of a publicity campaign. But if you look closely,

:24:30.:24:33.

none of the pictures are actually from Lithuania but from Finland and

:24:34.:24:37.

Slovakia. She has had to resign and this is what the Prime Minister

:24:38.:24:43.

said. TRANSLATION: I think the situation that we have is not

:24:44.:24:49.

normal. When we try to promote our country, these images were not from

:24:50.:24:53.

Lithuania, it is very strange. We paid huge amounts of money for these

:24:54.:24:57.

kinds of projects and I think in essence, it discredits the whole

:24:58.:25:04.

idea. You could say that (!) the Prime Minister showed he had a sense

:25:05.:25:07.

of humour by posting this picture on his Facebook page and captioning it

:25:08.:25:11.

as the new Lithuanian government headquarters. You can actually see

:25:12.:25:16.

if you look closely that it is in fact the EU building in Brussels. We

:25:17.:25:20.

have some more pictures to show you quickly.

:25:21.:25:25.

A dramatic flow of lava has reappeared and is shooting

:25:26.:25:27.

You can see huge explosions in the sea water as the molten rock

:25:28.:25:35.

spews out in what is known as a "fire hose."

:25:36.:25:38.

It's impressive to look at, but it's also extremely dangerous,

:25:39.:25:40.

and geologists are warning sightseers to stay away.

:25:41.:25:43.

The lava flow here actually began on New Year's Eve,

:25:44.:25:45.

but was cut off last week after a cliff collapsed

:25:46.:25:48.

Do get in touch on Twitter and we will see you soon.

:25:49.:25:58.