18/03/2017 World News Today


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18/03/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today broadcasting in the UK and around

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the world. I'm Alpa Patel. The headlines: Details emerge about the

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man shot dead at a Paris airport after he attacked a military patrol.

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The 39-year-old had a long criminal record and authorities believe he

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was radicalised in prison. TRANSLATION: He told the soldiers,

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drop your weapons and put your hands on your heads, I'm here to die for

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Allah. There will be deaths. Dramatic footage from Peru as

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mudslides and flash floods don't bring chaos and destruction.

:00:44.:00:48.

G20 Finance Ministers abandon a commitment to free trade in the face

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of opposition from the Trump administration. And, the world's

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healthiest hearts are found among hunter gatherers in Bolivia, so what

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can we learn about their lifestyle? Welcome to the programme. We begin

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in France where a man was shot dead after trying to seize a soldier's

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weapon at Oryl Airport in Paris. It's emerged that the suspect had

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been involved in another shooting earlier in the day -- Orly. The man

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later stole a car and made his way to Orly, France's second airport

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near Paris. Officials say he was known to to have Islamic leanings.

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Paris has got used to seeing security forces everywhere.

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At one of the capital's most protected sites today, an attack on

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As passengers queued for early-morning flights, a

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39-year-old man from Paris's northern suburbs wrestled a female

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soldier to the ground and tried to grab her weapon.

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Before being shot dead by her colleagues.

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An eyewitness in the airport at the time described what happened.

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The Paris prosecutor confirmed he was on a criminal watch list and

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that intelligence services believed he'd been radicalised.

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His father and brother are now being questioned by police.

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President Hollande said France's extra security measures had

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TRANSLATION: Anyone who was questioning the presence

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of military personnel in public places, like the airport,

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must understand that for the military to reinforce our

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security it is essential that they responded to the orders

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Tonight, the southern terminal here at Orly has reopened,

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as anti-terrorism investigators begin their work.

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The cordon of security that has gone up around

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this country over the past two years held firm today.

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But it's another reminder of the fear that still haunts France.

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With me in the studio is Olivier Geetai from Global Strat, who do you

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believe was the target of this attack? I think it was possibly the

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soldiers because, as we have seen, time and again, Islamic state has

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called for soldiers to be attacked. They are at the top of the food

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chain, if you will. In the Louvre attack a month and a half ago,

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soldiers were targeted. In France, there is a long history of soldiers

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being really at the top of targets of Jihadists, unfortunately. What do

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you think about the fact this man had a criminal record? He could have

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been radicalised in prison. Should the authorities be doing more in

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terms of this? It's very difficult at this point to do more because

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already with the amount of potential Jihadis that they have on their

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watch list which this individual was not on, they have 15,000 people that

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they think could become potential terrorists that they have to monitor

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and they can't monitor more than 500 of those 150,000 so it's a huge

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undertaking and it's difficult for us to comprehend the task at work

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for the Security Services. Your French yourself. What do you

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think about the threat level facing France at the moment? I was in Paris

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last week at a meeting with different Counter-Terrorism experts.

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The main issue that we have today is the run-up to the French

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presidential elections. I'm very concerned that the next month and a

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half until the first round are going to be critical. Already, Islamic

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state followers are calling for attacks that would tilt the balance

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in the election, like Al-Qaeda did in Spain in 2004.

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And, as a security analyst, what more dining can be done? The main

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issue is not physical security but it's really the intelligence. The

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problem is that former President Sarkozy removed one of the services

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that was doing all the human intelligence, that was basically

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getting information from informers that were infiltrating the cells or

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people on the inside. This was dismantled into seven or eight and

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now we are paying the price. What do you think about operation sentinel,

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the move to get soldiers on to the streets, the soldiers outside this

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airport, do you think it's working? It's working for the psyche of the

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people. I mean, it's a feel-good really operation because you have

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10,000 soldiers on the street. There could be more targets than

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protecting people. We have seen that in the past. At the same time, if

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you have somebody that wants to come in at Orly airport or any airport

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before the check-in and he has a gun and wants to kill ten or 15 people,

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you can put however many soldiers you want, that's not going to help

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if you can't get ahead of time, so intel is crucial. Thank you very

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much. There's been no respite for Peru after torrential rain triggered

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the country's worst flooding and mudslides in 20 years. 72 people

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have died and tens of thousands have been left homeless. A state of

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emergency has been declared across the country.

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Apocalyptic scenes as a raging wall of muddy water barrels

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A miraculous escape for the terrified passengers

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as the vehicle stays upright and drifts to a stand still.

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Others have not been so lucky after the most prolonged

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downpours in decades, blamed on the El Nino

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Rescue teams had been stretched to the limit after bridges and roads

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were swept away and those who built makeshift homes on flood plains dry

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Zip lines have saved countless lives here in the capital Lima.

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The lives of residents and their pets.

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This year's rainy season say the authorities has delivered ten

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The Government's announced $760 million in emergency funds

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But in many, that's yet to be felt on the ground.

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TRANSLATION: The people have stayed but are trapped.

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Their homes are freed flooded almost up to the first floor.

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Walls have collapsed, the force of the water's very strong.

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TRANSLATION: All the houses here are flooded.

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The banks aren't going to help us recover.

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More than half a million people have been displaced,

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many others left dependent on bottled water after supplies

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Forecasters are warning of another fortnight of intense rainfall.

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For Peru's beleaguered population, it's not over yet.

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Finance Ministers from the world's biggest economies are backtracking

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on past commitments to free trade after the US rejected a deal on the

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open flow of goods. As many countries absorb the shock of the

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move, there is a warning it paves the way for increasing protectionism

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from the Trump administration. I've been speaking to the BBC's business

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correspondent, Joe Lynam about the significance of this move. I think

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it is significant because this is the first time that I can recall

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that there has been no reference to resisting protectionism and urging

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more free trade. That's been the mantra that's been included in

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communiques for up to a decade. So the fact that the Americans have

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insisted that this kind of language is excluded from the final statement

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is significant and it's of course a reflection of the policy adopted by

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Donald Trump. He wants to tear up TPP, the trans-Pacific partnership

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and T tip, the North Atlantic trade agreement is also dead. He said

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NAFTA was the worst deal the US ever signed and he's talking about border

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goods coming into America. He's told his Treasury secretary to get in

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there and resist any calls to the contrary. It shows how powerful the

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US is at the G 20. In practicality, what are the consequences? It just

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kind of means that everybody has to sit and wait because the Americans

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have talked a lot of stuff about trade, protectionism, even resisting

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climate change in today's communique, but they haven't acted

:10:42.:10:46.

on it yet. So the Americans haven't pulled out of the Paris accord on

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climate change and they haven't imposed a border tax on goods coming

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into America so we don't know yet. It could be just campaign rhetoric

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for the President who continues to campaign even though he's been

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elected. It's probably what the other Finance Ministers will say,

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sit and wait. The policy, the administration flexing its muscles,

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what has been the reaction to that? The French Finance Minister said it

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was regrettable that the two most essential items on the world agenda,

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climate change and free trade, were not included in the final

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communique. The host of today's event said basically he cannot force

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people to include language with which they are uncomfortable but

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obviously, as the host, he'd much prefer that language to be in the

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communique and the Germans are the biggest trading partners anyway.

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Thank you very much. More news: A scandal over the safety of meat sold

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by Brazil is now so serious the President's called an emergency

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meeting with his ministers. Health inspectors were allegedly bribed to

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sign off food unfit for human consumption. It's bad timing for

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Brazil. The world's largest exporter of meat seeks a trade deal with the

:12:10.:12:14.

EU. The US Secretary of State has been told by his Chinese counterpart

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that the US should remain cool headed over North Korea. He warned

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Rex Tillerson that tensions were at dangerous levels. It came just days

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after Donald Trump said North Korea had been playing the US for years

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and that China hadn't been doing enough.

:12:33.:12:37.

More than 2,000 people in the Russian city of St Petersburg have

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protested against the handover of St Isaac's cathedral to the control of

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the Russian Orthodox Church. The golden domed cathedral which Towers

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over the city is currently a museum, although religious services are held

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there. Some are concerned about the growing influence of the church on

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Russian society. An operation has begun to evacuate

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Syrian opposition fighters from their remaining enclave in the city

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of Homs. A deal with the Government means thousands of people are due to

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be moved to other rebel-held areas in the biggest operation of its

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kind. The BBC's Ben James reports from Beirut.

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Opposition fighters queue with families for buses to leave.

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This was the last neighbourhood under opposition control in Homs.

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The city once known by some as the capital of the revolution.

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Supervising the evacuation, troops from Russia.

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TRANSLATION: We had long discussions with the militants.

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The Russian forces will be inside the district and very soon

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the Syrian government will take control.

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Monitors estimate 12,000 people will leave in total under the deal,

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Once they've gone, Homs will be entirely under Government control.

:13:55.:14:01.

There have been similar agreements in Aleppo and parts of Damascus.

:14:02.:14:04.

The Syrian government calls them reconciliation deals and argues

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they're key to ending the six-year conflict.

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TRANSLATION: This deal will lead to the evacuation of all rebels

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More than 40,000 civilian residents will remain in Homs.

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Opponents say they amount to force displacement

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The first groups will be evacuated from Aleppo.

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Those in charge say a full evacuation will take six weeks.

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Still to come: Heartbreak for England as they're beaten by Ireland

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in rugby's Six Nations tournament. They lost out on a record-breaking

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19 wins in a row. Today we have closed the book on

:14:58.:15:14.

apartheid and that chapter. More than 3,000 subway passengers were

:15:15.:15:17.

affected. Nausea, bleeding, headaches and dimming of vision, all

:15:18.:15:21.

of this caused by an apparently organised attack.

:15:22.:15:32.

The trophy itself is on the pedestal in the middle of the Cabinet. It was

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an international trophy and we understand now that the search for

:15:37.:15:40.

it has become an international search.

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Above all, this was a triumph for the Christian Democrats of the West,

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offering reunification as quickly as possible and that's what the voters

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want. This is boob World News Today. I'm

:15:58.:16:13.

Alpa Patel. The headlines: French police say a man shot dead at a

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Paris Airport after trying to grab a soldier's gun was already known to

:16:19.:16:21.

the Intelligence Services. At least 72 people are now known to

:16:22.:16:26.

have died in Peru's worst flooding and mudslides for two decades.

:16:27.:16:34.

Scotland's First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, has insisted there will be

:16:35.:16:37.

another independence referendum, saying the wishes of the Scottish

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Parliament must and will prevail. She was speaking at her Party

:16:42.:16:46.

Conference in the city of Aberdeen. The former Prime Minister, Gordon

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Brown, has also entered the debate, calling for the Scottish Parliament

:16:50.:16:54.

to be given more powers while maintaining cooperation with

:16:55.:16:54.

Westminster. Nicola Sturgeon excited her party

:16:55.:17:01.

conference with a defiant message, indirectly at Theresa May

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and her refusal to allow She has time to think again,

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and I hope she does. If her concern is timing,

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then, within reason, But let the Prime Minister be in no

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doubt, the will of our Parliament The Tories' reluctance to allow

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Scotland a choice isn't They are now terrified of

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the verdict of the Scottish people. Striding into the middle

:17:36.:17:42.

of the argument today, I fear for bitter, acrimonious

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debate over perhaps two years, And I fear we are now seeing people

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entrenched into extreme positions. If new powers over agriculture

:17:58.:18:03.

and fishing, VAT rates and the right to conclude international trade

:18:04.:18:13.

treaties were devolved to Scotland, he thinks there wouldn't need to be

:18:14.:18:16.

a vote on full independence. His interventions in the last

:18:17.:18:20.

Scottish referendum were influential, but he's been

:18:21.:18:26.

accused of not delivering In 2014 during the independence

:18:27.:18:29.

referendum you said if Scotland voted No we would be living in close

:18:30.:18:34.

to what would be a federal state. I said the federal powers

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I was proposing were welfare powers, employment powers, environmental

:18:39.:18:43.

powers, taxation powers. You said as close to a federal state

:18:44.:18:46.

as we could be within the UK. Yes because I think the UK now has

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to change, at that time I think it was impossible to envisage big

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regional devolution in England, Nicola Sturgeon will not sign off

:18:59.:19:00.

on anything less than a vote Let's get some sport.

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Football's Premier League first, because Arsene Wenger has made a

:19:22.:19:24.

decision regarding his Arsenal future and says he'll announce his

:19:25.:19:28.

plans very soon. Everything is pointing to his

:19:29.:19:33.

20-year tenure coming to an end. They lost at West Brom, 3-1, a

:19:34.:19:37.

fourth league defeat in five matches. Don't worry, I know what I

:19:38.:19:44.

will do in my future, so you will soon know...

:19:45.:19:48.

REPORTER: Soon? Very soon. I don't think today I do not need to tell

:19:49.:19:58.

you. We are in a unique place, we lose game after game at the moment

:19:59.:20:04.

and it's for me much more important than my future. Chelsea are 13

:20:05.:20:07.

points clear. Gary Cahill scored the winner

:20:08.:20:14.

in the 87th minute. Willian had given the Blues the lead

:20:15.:20:16.

but Cahill fouled Mark Walters in the box and the Stoke striker

:20:17.:20:19.

equalised from the spot. They couldn't hang on for the draw

:20:20.:20:22.

though as Chaill made amends. Tottenham and Manchester City both

:20:23.:20:25.

have matches tomorrow in which they can cut reduce the gap

:20:26.:20:27.

to 10 points but with ten games to go, Chelsea are looking

:20:28.:20:31.

very good for the title. The other results in

:20:32.:20:33.

the Premier League saw Leicester Everton beat Hull City 4-0 -

:20:34.:20:36.

Romelu Lukaku scored Troy Deeney scored an own

:20:37.:20:40.

gaol as Watford lost Sunderland and Burnley was goalless,

:20:41.:20:45.

and Bournemouth beat Swansea 2-0. Real Madrid have increased

:20:46.:20:52.

their lead at the top of the Spanish Primera Division

:20:53.:20:56.

to five points with a 2-1 victory Ayebar played out a 1-1

:20:57.:20:59.

draw with Espanyol. In the German Bundesliga,

:21:00.:21:04.

Bayern Munich didn't even play on Saturday but were the big

:21:05.:21:09.

beneficiaries as second placed RB Lipe-zig lost

:21:10.:21:11.

3-0 at Werder Bremen. It means victory for the champions

:21:12.:21:14.

on Sunday when they travel to Borussia Moenchoengladbach

:21:15.:21:17.

would put them 13 points clear as they go in search

:21:18.:21:20.

of a 5th successive title In Italy's Serie A, Torino were 2-1

:21:21.:21:24.

winners at home over Inter, lifting them to 9th,

:21:25.:21:27.

while the visitors missed In the next 30 minutes,

:21:28.:21:33.

Milan could move 6th To Rugby Union, where

:21:34.:21:37.

the Six Nations Championship have missed the chance

:21:38.:21:43.

of securing the Grand Slam, England had already

:21:44.:21:48.

won the Championship, and were aiming to remain unbeaten

:21:49.:21:52.

during the campaign, as well as set a new world record

:21:53.:21:54.

in consecutive Test wins. But they failed to score a try

:21:55.:21:57.

and lost 13-9 to Ireland in Dublin. Scotland won a third match

:21:58.:22:02.

in the same campaign for the first time since 2006 to send departing

:22:03.:22:08.

coach Vern Cotter out Their four tries brought Scotland's

:22:09.:22:12.

tally for the championship to 14, surpassing their record of 11

:22:13.:22:17.

from last year for Defeat was a 12th Six Nations

:22:18.:22:19.

loss in a row for Italy, who finish with the Wooden Spoon

:22:20.:22:24.

for a 12th time in 18 seasons. After a marathon ending that went

:22:25.:22:28.

20 minutes past the 80 minute mark, France have controversially

:22:29.:22:34.

won their final match of this year's tournament against Wales 20-18

:22:35.:22:37.

at the Stade de France. It took a French try in the 100th

:22:38.:22:42.

minute for them to claim a victory that involved a period of nearly

:22:43.:22:47.

20 continuous minutes of scrummaging and penalties that many described

:22:48.:22:51.

as farcical meaning France finish Medical researchers have discovered

:22:52.:22:56.

the world's healthiest hearts - and they belong to a group

:22:57.:23:07.

of hunter-gatherers in Bolivia. A study published in the Lancet

:23:08.:23:10.

found that two-thirds of the Tsimane people have

:23:11.:23:15.

unclogged arteries even in old age, probably due to frequent exercise,

:23:16.:23:18.

and a diet rich in lean meat, A little earlier, I spoke to one

:23:19.:23:21.

of the researchers Dr Gregory Thomas from Long

:23:22.:23:25.

Beach Memorial medical He explained why they have

:23:26.:23:27.

such healthy hearts. They have none of the risk factors

:23:28.:23:36.

that we have. They follow a low-fat diet and they don't smoke. They

:23:37.:23:41.

spend half of their day exercising. What is it about their lifestyles in

:23:42.:23:44.

comparison with ours, for instance, here in the UK and US that's so

:23:45.:23:51.

different? Well, each family's responsible for hunting, fishing and

:23:52.:23:53.

growing their own food, so rather than going to the store, they go to

:23:54.:23:58.

their fields to farm and they go out to hunt and the men generally go out

:23:59.:24:01.

in the morning to hunt, they can spend all day and go 15 kilometres,

:24:02.:24:05.

for example, on a hunt and bring home the dinner. And so they

:24:06.:24:11.

exercise a huge amount. Men exercising for the equivalent of

:24:12.:24:15.

17,000 steps every day and women 16,000 steps a day.

:24:16.:24:21.

What is it about their diets, for instance, that differ from ours?

:24:22.:24:27.

It's certainly all organic and the meat is very lean, so the meat they

:24:28.:24:32.

eat actually is 20% wild game which is particularly quite lean. If a

:24:33.:24:38.

species was slow, they are going to be shot with their shotgun or bow

:24:39.:24:42.

and arrow, so they're lean, they eat about 20% wild game and 10% fish,

:24:43.:24:50.

the rest they grow. They grow banana, rice and corn, so they're

:24:51.:24:54.

all organic. They'll generally grow what they've grown in the fields,

:24:55.:24:58.

put it in a pot and grow it or cook it up as stew and pop in whatever

:24:59.:25:02.

they've hunted in terms of meat and fish and that will be their dinner

:25:03.:25:05.

for example. What do you think are the key lessons we can learn from

:25:06.:25:11.

the Tsimane? They practise high-dose exercise, much higher than we can do

:25:12.:25:15.

if we have a job that's not physically active and low dose fat

:25:16.:25:20.

and saturated fat. If we can double the number of steps we do a day and

:25:21.:25:37.

decrease the saturated fat, we can Slow down the effects that it has on

:25:38.:25:42.

the heart and we could be like them. Tell me about the people? It's a

:25:43.:25:47.

town where the people live, with no roads. It's a canoe that you use to

:25:48.:25:54.

get around to the jungle to the forest where they live. It's pretty

:25:55.:26:01.

dramatic. It's not often you do that.

:26:02.:26:03.

Fascinating story. Good evening. A breezy night for all

:26:04.:26:15.

parts of the UK but also a mild night. We have a broad warm sector

:26:16.:26:18.

across

:26:19.:26:19.