10/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


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10/01/2017

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Tonight at Ten - we have more evidence of the intense

:00:00.:00:08.

pressure on hospital A departments in England.

:00:09.:00:12.

Figures released to the BBC show a 47% rise in the number of people

:00:13.:00:16.

with mental health problems seeking help in accident and emergency.

:00:17.:00:20.

We'll have a special report on the urgent measures

:00:21.:00:22.

being taken in the community to try to tackle to problem.

:00:23.:00:26.

And we'll have other figures on the number of patients facing

:00:27.:00:29.

Jeremy Corbyn is accused by some of his own MPs

:00:30.:00:36.

of causing confusion on Labour's policy on immigration.

:00:37.:00:44.

We are not wedded to me free movement in the EU as a point of

:00:45.:00:52.

principle, but I do not want to be misinterpreted. Nor do we rule it

:00:53.:00:54.

out. Police in York name

:00:55.:00:56.

a seven-year-old girl who died after being found seriously

:00:57.:00:59.

injured yesterday afternoon. Tens of thousands of travellers

:01:00.:01:00.

experience another day of disruption because of strikes

:01:01.:01:02.

by Southern Railway, And we pay tribute to the journalist

:01:03.:01:04.

who first reported the outbreak of the Second World War,

:01:05.:01:08.

who has died at the age of 105. Coming up in Sportsday

:01:09.:01:13.

on BBC News - we've had the first of the League Cup

:01:14.:01:15.

semifinals, with Wayne Rooney given the chance to break

:01:16.:01:18.

the Manchester United There has been a significant

:01:19.:01:20.

increase in the number of people with mental

:01:21.:01:44.

health problems asking to be seen at accident and emergency

:01:45.:01:46.

departments in England. Figures from NHS Digital,

:01:47.:01:50.

analysed for the BBC, show that in the year 2015-16,

:01:51.:01:53.

there were over 165,000 psychiatric attendances at A

:01:54.:01:57.

departments, a rise of 47% over And it includes a rise of 89%

:01:58.:01:59.

in the number of children and young Doctors say the reality is even

:02:00.:02:08.

worse than the figures suggest. Our social affairs correspondent

:02:09.:02:14.

Alison Holt has the story, It's another day of unrelenting

:02:15.:02:17.

demand in the Emergency Department of Birmingham's Queen Elizabeth

:02:18.:02:24.

Hospital. Is there any movement

:02:25.:02:27.

in terms of beds? Patients are lining up

:02:28.:02:30.

on trolleys in the corridor, She's taken an overdose of some

:02:31.:02:33.

prescribed medication... The psychiatric team,

:02:34.:02:40.

based in the department, is dealing with a number of people

:02:41.:02:46.

who have tried to take She had a follow-on plan, she'd

:02:47.:02:49.

taken an overdose the last time. Among them, a woman

:02:50.:02:53.

in her early 20s. Doctors have dealt with the physical

:02:54.:02:55.

affects of the overdose, but the root cause is her history

:02:56.:02:57.

of mental health problems. I took an overdose, I went

:02:58.:03:00.

up to the train track. She is one of a rapidly increasing

:03:01.:03:10.

number of patients arriving at A like this with psychiatric

:03:11.:03:15.

difficulties - many are young. The voices are getting more intense,

:03:16.:03:17.

wanting to harm myself. It's not attempts, it's

:03:18.:03:19.

actually trying to do it. I'm not just doing it

:03:20.:03:22.

as a cry for help. Is this the worst that

:03:23.:03:24.

you've ever felt? I've never been this

:03:25.:03:26.

bad before, I'm scared. In a busy A, even finding a room

:03:27.:03:30.

for this conversation was a struggle - now,

:03:31.:03:39.

this isn't the right place for her, You know, if we were to

:03:40.:03:41.

discharge her from here, she would likely go out

:03:42.:03:48.

there and try and do Was there any particular trigger why

:03:49.:03:50.

you took the tablets? At this hospital, they see more

:03:51.:03:54.

than 100 people a week facing a psychiatric crisis,

:03:55.:03:59.

and the Mental Health Trust has set up a quiet unit nearby to assess

:04:00.:04:01.

people away from the pressure. Its staff then search

:04:02.:04:06.

for the psychiatric beds I'm trying to act upon this

:04:07.:04:08.

as a matter of urgency for this lad because he doesn't sound

:04:09.:04:17.

well at all. Nobody in a mental health crisis

:04:18.:04:20.

should be in Accident and Emergency unless they've got

:04:21.:04:22.

a physical health need. Our A, what I see,

:04:23.:04:26.

are very, very busy, overstimulated places, and somebody

:04:27.:04:30.

with a mental health issue, it's just not conducive at all to them,

:04:31.:04:33.

to being in that environment. That's why in Birmingham, they've

:04:34.:04:37.

set up this street triage team to intervene before people reach

:04:38.:04:40.

the Emergency Department. The patient hearing voices, stating,

:04:41.:04:51.

going to kill someone. With a police officer, paramedic

:04:52.:04:53.

and psychiatric nurse on board, they respond to 999 calls

:04:54.:04:55.

where there are mental Already this evening,

:04:56.:04:58.

the man they're visiting has called His physical health is checked,

:04:59.:05:08.

they listen to and assess him. Are you telling me that there

:05:09.:05:11.

was these negative voices I think like there's

:05:12.:05:14.

someone controlling me. It's kind of like, I'm

:05:15.:05:17.

some kind of machine. After half an hour, it's agreed,

:05:18.:05:21.

rather than going to A, he'll keep a community appointment

:05:22.:05:24.

in the morning. I think the first step

:05:25.:05:25.

is me asking for help, as well as being assured

:05:26.:05:34.

that I will get the help. Over the last four, five weeks,

:05:35.:05:39.

he's been going to A quite a lot. I think he's had six

:05:40.:05:42.

admissions through A So we've come out tonight to try

:05:43.:05:47.

and prevent that cycle. Night and day, the street

:05:48.:05:52.

triage team is in demand, but here they believe it's making

:05:53.:05:56.

a difference in getting We managed to reduce

:05:57.:05:58.

the numbers of attendance to the A, but what you get,

:05:59.:06:05.

you get high quality. You get mental health,

:06:06.:06:08.

police forces and paramedics working in collaboration together to look

:06:09.:06:13.

after one single patient. For many, A will remain

:06:14.:06:15.

the first place they turn to, For many, A will remain

:06:16.:06:22.

the first place they turn to. The challenge is to help people

:06:23.:06:25.

who are vulnerable before When we look at the range of reasons

:06:26.:06:37.

for these figures, what would you direct us to? It is a complicated

:06:38.:06:43.

picture, but better recording and an increased awareness of mental health

:06:44.:06:46.

issues generally is part of the picture. It does not explain the

:06:47.:06:50.

significant increase. Campaigners say, if people are turning to A

:06:51.:06:55.

when they are in crisis, or sometimes they are directed there by

:06:56.:06:59.

professionals, then that is a sign, they say, that services in the

:07:00.:07:02.

community are just not keeping up with demand, or they are not the

:07:03.:07:07.

right services to keep up with the care which prevents them from

:07:08.:07:10.

reaching that crisis point. Also, doctors say these statistics

:07:11.:07:15.

underestimate the problem because they only show people who are

:07:16.:07:18.

recorded by staff as having psychiatric reasons for being there

:07:19.:07:21.

as the main reason. So, for instance, somebody turned up having

:07:22.:07:25.

self harmed, although there would be mental health issues involved, it

:07:26.:07:29.

would go in a different statistics and it would be recorded in another

:07:30.:07:33.

way. Tonight, the Department of Health has said that the Prime

:07:34.:07:37.

Minister has made it very clear that they are committed to improving

:07:38.:07:42.

mental health care across the board, both in the NHS and in the

:07:43.:07:45.

community, for people who need it. Another set of official NHS figures

:07:46.:07:48.

seen by the BBC show that so far this year,

:07:49.:07:51.

tens of thousands of patients in England have waited

:07:52.:07:53.

hours on trolleys before This winter is proving one of

:07:54.:07:55.

the busiest on record for accident But the Health Secretary,

:07:56.:08:00.

Jeremy Hunt, has insisted that most of England's hospitals

:08:01.:08:04.

are coping well. Our health editor,

:08:05.:08:05.

Hugh Pym, has more details. A 92-year-old patient at one

:08:06.:08:12.

hospital A unit today. been lying here so long, it just

:08:13.:08:22.

hurts. An ageing population, one factor

:08:23.:08:26.

behind rising patient demand. Here it's even more hectic

:08:27.:08:29.

than usual with an astonishing 20% more patients than this

:08:30.:08:31.

time last year. They're urging people

:08:32.:08:33.

to stay away and seek care elsewhere if their health

:08:34.:08:35.

problem isn't urgent. The beginning of January

:08:36.:08:39.

is always a busy time, and it's much busier

:08:40.:08:41.

than this time last year. I think we will make

:08:42.:08:47.

it through the winter, but it is going to be really

:08:48.:08:49.

hard for us. Since Christmas, the NHS has been

:08:50.:08:51.

under immense pressure with some of the busiest ever

:08:52.:08:55.

days in hospitals. Now, the BBC has obtained internal

:08:56.:09:00.

NHS figures revealing the scale of the pressure and problems

:09:01.:09:03.

in England last week, including numbers of patients lying

:09:04.:09:05.

on trolleys for hours at a time The figures cover the seven-day

:09:06.:09:08.

period ending yesterday morning and come from 131 hospital

:09:09.:09:20.

trusts in England. They show that 485 people waited

:09:21.:09:25.

longer than 12 hours on trolleys over that week,

:09:26.:09:27.

whereas only 158 patients faced those long waits in the whole

:09:28.:09:30.

of January last year. Last week, only one hospital trust

:09:31.:09:37.

hit the target of assessing 95% And more than half of trusts

:09:38.:09:43.

failed to see even 80%. The Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt,

:09:44.:09:49.

hinted yesterday the four-hour target might be changed to cover

:09:50.:09:52.

urgent cases only. Are you going to explain to the

:09:53.:09:59.

public what your intention is? Earlier, Mr Hunt said some A had

:10:00.:10:07.

very serious problems but, according to service leaders,

:10:08.:10:09.

most had coped better There were warnings,

:10:10.:10:11.

though, from one expert Over the last 30 years we've reduced

:10:12.:10:17.

the number of beds to about half and we've increased the number

:10:18.:10:22.

of admissions to about double and so it's a sort of reaching

:10:23.:10:25.

a crisis situation, I would say. The trolley wait data in Scotland,

:10:26.:10:28.

Wales and Northern Ireland are not An NHS source said the figures

:10:29.:10:31.

obtained by the BBC didn't cover all hospitals,

:10:32.:10:34.

but there was unprecedented Pressure on social care services

:10:35.:10:36.

and a shortage of mental health crisis care are among factors

:10:37.:10:40.

stretching A services Jeremy Corbyn has been accused

:10:41.:10:42.

by some of his own MPs of creating confusion after declaring that

:10:43.:10:53.

Labour was "not wedded" to freedom of movement for EU citizens and then

:10:54.:10:57.

adding that he wasn't The Labour leader insisted that

:10:58.:10:59.

Labour DID understand voters' Earlier, Mr Corbyn had prompted

:11:00.:11:02.

further criticism from his own side when he suggested that capping

:11:03.:11:06.

earnings would be a way Our political editor,

:11:07.:11:09.

Laura Kuenssberg, has more details. A welcome for him on the platform,

:11:10.:11:19.

but will you welcome what was billed as his vision

:11:20.:11:22.

for Britain after Brexit? Whether you voted to leave

:11:23.:11:26.

or remain, everybody voted On the biggest question -

:11:27.:11:28.

how many EU citizens can keep coming to Britain to move freely,

:11:29.:11:37.

what was his verdict? We're not wedded to free movement

:11:38.:11:39.

of the EU as a point of principle, but I don't want to be

:11:40.:11:44.

misinterpreted, nor We'll demand that these

:11:45.:11:46.

negotiations give us the power to intervene decisively,

:11:47.:11:49.

to prevent workers from here or abroad being used

:11:50.:11:51.

and exploited to undermine pay The original version of his speech

:11:52.:11:54.

had suggested freedom of movement might be ditched,

:11:55.:12:02.

but instead, he wants to tighten up rules at work that allow foreign

:12:03.:12:05.

workers to be exploited. Does that mean that you would

:12:06.:12:08.

like to see more or fewer people from other parts

:12:09.:12:11.

of the European Union It probably means there would be

:12:12.:12:13.

fewer, but I think we should also recognise that there is a massive

:12:14.:12:19.

contribution made to our health service, education and manufacturing

:12:20.:12:22.

industry by people from all over You say the word "probably be fewer"

:12:23.:12:24.

people coming here, by how many? I can't put a figure on it

:12:25.:12:30.

because we haven't yet seen the work Isn't this a question

:12:31.:12:35.

of principle, though, really? About the kind of levels

:12:36.:12:39.

that you're happy with? The principle has to be that

:12:40.:12:41.

employers should not be allowed to tear up existing arrangements

:12:42.:12:44.

in the construction industry We've asked you previously

:12:45.:12:46.

whether or not you think the levels are too high and you said that

:12:47.:12:50.

you don't think the levels are too My mind is quite clear

:12:51.:12:53.

that we need to end We need to maintain a market access

:12:54.:12:58.

within Europe and we need to ensure there are good relations

:12:59.:13:03.

between all communities. But do you or do you not

:13:04.:13:06.

want to end the wide principle I want us to have market

:13:07.:13:09.

access in Europe. I want us to have trade

:13:10.:13:13.

with Europe and let's... And that means continuing

:13:14.:13:15.

with freedom of movement? Erm, let's see what comes out

:13:16.:13:18.

of these negotiations. Mr Corbyn was in Peterborough,

:13:19.:13:20.

a town whose face has been The kind of place where Labour MPs

:13:21.:13:22.

worry their leader's approach Immigration has been

:13:23.:13:26.

good for Peterborough, but the amount of immigration has

:13:27.:13:29.

not been good for Peterborough. A lot of foreigners are quite nice,

:13:30.:13:34.

but the island can't cope with them, I don't really understand

:13:35.:13:37.

what their issues are. But Mr Corbyn hopes he might

:13:38.:13:42.

have more appeal on how we earn our pounds and pence,

:13:43.:13:46.

far from party policy yet, but income limits

:13:47.:13:49.

could be on the way. I think you have to look

:13:50.:13:54.

at each company and say - well, is it really right

:13:55.:14:00.

that the chief executive should earn 100 or more times than those

:14:01.:14:03.

who are actually doing the work that Either you do a cap or you look

:14:04.:14:06.

at the levels of disparity After being expected

:14:07.:14:10.

to change direction today, in the end, the Labour leader more

:14:11.:14:16.

or less stayed on-the-spot. For his supporters, it's

:14:17.:14:19.

sticking to principles that For many of his MPs,

:14:20.:14:22.

it's stubbornness that means Police in York have named

:14:23.:14:25.

a seven-year-old girl who died, after being found seriously injured

:14:26.:14:30.

in a field yesterday afternoon. A teenage girl is being

:14:31.:14:34.

questioned about her death. Our correspondent Danny Savage

:14:35.:14:41.

reports from York. This is seven-year-old Katie Rough,

:14:42.:14:46.

found with fatal injuries in a playing field in York

:14:47.:14:48.

late yesterday afternoon. Her grandparents describe her

:14:49.:14:51.

as their "darling princess". Friends came to leave flowers close

:14:52.:14:57.

to where she was discovered today. She was a very close

:14:58.:15:00.

friend to my daughter and a truly unique,

:15:01.:15:04.

beautiful, little girl. I respect their family,

:15:05.:15:06.

beautiful family. People living in this

:15:07.:15:10.

small cul-de-sac tried to help Katie's mother,

:15:11.:15:12.

who arrived just after A woman ran up the street -

:15:13.:15:14.

it was obviously the mother of the daughter - she was shouting,

:15:15.:15:21.

"Help, call for an ambulance." So I put my shoes on and went

:15:22.:15:24.

to go up the alleyway. When I got half way up

:15:25.:15:27.

and I could see a body lying in the field, but the police

:15:28.:15:31.

were already there attending. Seven-year-old Katie died a short

:15:32.:15:34.

time later in hospital. Tonight, police say a 15-year-old

:15:35.:15:37.

girl, arrested in connection with what happened here,

:15:38.:15:39.

is still in custody. They're appealing for anyone who saw

:15:40.:15:43.

Katie Rough with an older girl, around here yesterday afternoon,

:15:44.:15:49.

to contact them. In the past half hour,

:15:50.:15:50.

a jury in Charleston, South Carolina, has condemned a man

:15:51.:16:13.

to death for the racist killing of nine black men and woman

:16:14.:16:16.

in a church shooting in June 2015. had told a sentencing

:16:17.:16:24.

hearing that he felt he had The jury had an option

:16:25.:16:30.

to sentence Roof to life imprisonment, but instead

:16:31.:16:36.

chose the death penalty. The Democratic Unionist leader,

:16:37.:16:38.

Arlene Foster, has said Northern Ireland is "undoubtedly"

:16:39.:16:40.

heading for a period of direct The power-sharing Government is in

:16:41.:16:42.

crisis following the resignation of Sinn Fein's Martin McGuiness

:16:43.:16:45.

as Deputy First Minister. The main cause of the dispute

:16:46.:16:48.

is the mishandling of an energy scheme which could cost the taxpayer

:16:49.:16:50.

hundreds of millions of pounds. Our correspondent, Nicholas

:16:51.:16:53.

Witchell, reports from Belfast. THE SPEAKER: The Secretary of State

:16:54.:16:55.

for Northern Ireland. It all has echoes

:16:56.:16:57.

of unhappier times. In the House of Commons,

:16:58.:16:59.

a British minister was making Right honourable and honourable

:17:00.:17:01.

members should be in no doubt, the situation we face

:17:02.:17:04.

in Northern Ireland today is grave and the Government treats it

:17:05.:17:07.

with the utmost seriousness. The situation to which he was

:17:08.:17:09.

referring was the collapse of the power-sharing

:17:10.:17:12.

Government at Stormont. A decade of broad consensus

:17:13.:17:16.

between Republicans On the surface, it's

:17:17.:17:17.

about a green energy scheme, the cost of which was found

:17:18.:17:24.

to have been exorbitant. The scheme was originally overseen

:17:25.:17:28.

by the Democratic Unionist leader and now former First

:17:29.:17:40.

Minister, Arlene Foster. The major sticking point between us

:17:41.:17:43.

over this last few weeks has been the fact that Sinn Fein would not

:17:44.:17:46.

agree to the establishment of an inquiry until I stepped

:17:47.:17:48.

aside as First Minister. For me, I felt to have done

:17:49.:17:51.

so would have led to the conclusion that I was guilty of something

:17:52.:17:54.

improper, which is not the case. Across in West Belfast the leader

:17:55.:17:57.

of Sinn Fein, Gerry Adams, was issuing two warnings -

:17:58.:18:00.

a return to direct rule from London would not be acceptable and neither

:18:01.:18:02.

would a return to the same power-sharing arrangements

:18:03.:18:05.

with the Democratic Unionists If the DUP think that they're

:18:06.:18:08.

going to waltz out of Government or have an election and then waltz

:18:09.:18:20.

back into Government on the same terms as caused

:18:21.:18:22.

the collapse, then they'll have The politics of Northern Ireland can

:18:23.:18:25.

seem pretty impenetrable from outside, but here's

:18:26.:18:31.

the essential point - it took years to put together

:18:32.:18:33.

a successful power-sharing That Government oversaw

:18:34.:18:35.

peace and stability. There is uncertainty about how

:18:36.:18:39.

to put it all back together. Nicholas Witchell,

:18:40.:18:48.

BBC News, Belfast. Hundreds of thousands of commuters

:18:49.:18:53.

in the south of England have struggled to get to and from work

:18:54.:18:56.

today because of the latest strike The dispute, which has been

:18:57.:18:59.

going on for nearly 10-months, The unions say they're trying

:19:00.:19:03.

to protect the safety Our transport correspondent,

:19:04.:19:06.

Richard Westcott, reports More than 2,200 Southern services

:19:07.:19:09.

weren't running today. Platform 2 for the delayed

:19:10.:19:22.

0747 Thameslink service. Their passengers were forced

:19:23.:19:27.

to find other routes in. The whole situation seems

:19:28.:19:29.

like a complete joke. I'd like to know that

:19:30.:19:31.

when I get on the train, that I'm going to end up

:19:32.:19:34.

at my destination at a certain time. Well, this is the queue just to get

:19:35.:19:37.

into East Croydon station, all of these people are trying

:19:38.:19:40.

to get to London, it's It snakes around a lot,

:19:41.:19:43.

then actually goes down the side of the station,

:19:44.:19:49.

probably about 100 meters For nearly a year, they've been

:19:50.:19:52.

rowing about changes to the role Southern wants drivers to take over

:19:53.:19:59.

closing the train doors. The unions say that

:20:00.:20:03.

threatens safety and jobs. Southern says no-one's

:20:04.:20:07.

losing their post and the safety This is The Body Shop's

:20:08.:20:10.

new ?1 million lab in Croydon. They moved hundreds of staff

:20:11.:20:22.

here last year because of the great train service, but Southern's

:20:23.:20:25.

drivers aren't working overtime at the moment,

:20:26.:20:28.

causing delays and cancellations It's having a devastating effect

:20:29.:20:30.

on The Body Shop's staff. They're missing children's

:20:31.:20:40.

birthdays, they can't arrange meetings,

:20:41.:20:43.

they're having arguments at home. They're feeling stressed,

:20:44.:20:44.

tired and irritable and there's a number of people saying every day,

:20:45.:20:46.

from about 4.00pm, they're sitting getting more and more stressed

:20:47.:20:49.

about whether they're going to get home, at all, or on time

:20:50.:20:52.

for the commitment Back on board, several

:20:53.:20:54.

commuters said this. I mean the Government need

:20:55.:20:57.

to do something about it. So the BBC put the question

:20:58.:20:59.

to the Minister. REPORTER: What are you,

:21:00.:21:02.

as Transport Secretary, Don't you have a duty

:21:03.:21:04.

to step in on behalf... The Government's engaged day

:21:05.:21:07.

in and day out in trying to find a way to get this issued resolved,

:21:08.:21:10.

and we'll carry on doing that. In Merseyside, unions are fighting

:21:11.:21:18.

similar plans to bring It's Southern today,

:21:19.:21:20.

but this issue threatens In just a few hours' time,

:21:21.:21:23.

President Obama will deliver his farewell speech in Chicago -

:21:24.:21:35.

the city where he claimed victory in the presidential

:21:36.:21:37.

election eight years ago. But as his second term,

:21:38.:21:45.

as the 44th President of the United States comes

:21:46.:21:47.

to a close, how will In his second report, looking back

:21:48.:21:50.

at Mr Obama's time in office, our North America editor,

:21:51.:21:53.

Jon Sopel, looks at the international issues which have

:21:54.:21:55.

defined the Obama presidency. There was always something upside

:21:56.:21:57.

down about Barack Obama receiving the Nobel Peace Prize before he'd

:21:58.:22:00.

really done anything as President. When he came to office,

:22:01.:22:04.

one of the greatest strategic threats was Iran, a resurgent power

:22:05.:22:08.

in the region, but more important than that was securing

:22:09.:22:11.

a multi-national deal to curb An agreement struck,

:22:12.:22:13.

despite fierce opposition When Benjamin Netanyahu came

:22:14.:22:19.

to address the Congress, nearly two years ago,

:22:20.:22:25.

there was fury in the White House. They were angry that an invitation

:22:26.:22:29.

had been extended by Republican leaders and accepted

:22:30.:22:32.

without the President knowing. But very soon someone much more

:22:33.:22:39.

to the Israeli Prime Minister's liking will be occupying

:22:40.:22:42.

the White House and the question the world is asking -

:22:43.:22:44.

will the Iran nuclear deal survive For over a year, we've

:22:45.:22:47.

been told that no deal His relationship with Netanyahu

:22:48.:22:52.

was one of the lows, culminating in the US refusing

:22:53.:23:02.

to veto a UN resolution critical of Israel's policy

:23:03.:23:06.

of settlement building. The chemistry with the Russian

:23:07.:23:10.

leader, Vladimir Putin, was no better - Crimea,

:23:11.:23:12.

cyber espionage and Syria left The pledge at the start of his

:23:13.:23:16.

presidency was all about disengaging from costly conflicts and bringing

:23:17.:23:23.

the troops back home. In 2011, President Obama

:23:24.:23:26.

achieved something the Bush administration did not,

:23:27.:23:29.

the successful tracking down and raid to kill

:23:30.:23:32.

Public Enemy Number One. The United States has

:23:33.:23:36.

conducted an operation that killed Osama bin Laden,

:23:37.:23:39.

the leader of Al-Qaeda. The raid and promise

:23:40.:23:46.

of the Arab Spring would soon be replaced by a Middle East in flames

:23:47.:23:51.

and the rise of so-called Islamic State, the fight against

:23:52.:23:54.

which remains unfinished business. Arguably, the low point

:23:55.:23:58.

for President Obama in the Middle East has been Syria

:23:59.:24:01.

which has been a humanitarian catastrophe sparking the worst

:24:02.:24:04.

refugee crisis since World War II and the President's failure to act

:24:05.:24:09.

against President Assad, despite much huffing and puffing,

:24:10.:24:13.

has come back to to haunt him. A red line for us is we start seeing

:24:14.:24:19.

a whole bunch of chemical weapons I think it was a mistake not

:24:20.:24:22.

to enforce the red line. When the United States says,

:24:23.:24:29.

very clearly ,that there will be costs and consequences for a certain

:24:30.:24:36.

action, I think it's important But I also wouldn't confuse that,

:24:37.:24:38.

enforcing the chemical weapons red line, with the notion

:24:39.:24:42.

that there was some interventionist Barack Obama's policy towards Syria

:24:43.:24:44.

is very much like the country's embassy here in Washington DC,

:24:45.:24:52.

an empty shell, newspapers piling up In the talks to bring

:24:53.:24:56.

peace to the country, Barack Obama has flipped flopped

:24:57.:25:00.

over whether to take military action, too slow to react

:25:01.:25:07.

to the dangers of It's been a period in which American

:25:08.:25:09.

influence has waned From one empty embassy

:25:10.:25:14.

to another that has had This is the Cuban embassy

:25:15.:25:21.

in north-west Washington. For over 50 years it had lain

:25:22.:25:26.

derelict, a last legacy, In the warmth of a Caribbean island,

:25:27.:25:30.

Barack Obama consigned the last piece of icy Cold War

:25:31.:25:45.

legacy to history. Cuba had brought the world

:25:46.:25:47.

to the edge of nuclear war, now diplomatic relations

:25:48.:25:50.

are restored, an extraordinary He leaves office largely admired

:25:51.:25:51.

and popular around the world, not least for his role in the global

:25:52.:25:55.

climate change deal. He'd tried to carve out

:25:56.:26:02.

a foreign policy that he saw as right for the times,

:26:03.:26:06.

but as the Commander-in-Chief was given the traditional send-off,

:26:07.:26:10.

in his own way was he as destructive to US power and influence

:26:11.:26:15.

as his predecessor, George W Bush, and what would the Nobel Committee

:26:16.:26:21.

make of him eight years on? There will be live coverage

:26:22.:26:23.

of Barack Obama's farewell speech from Chicago at 2.00am on the BBC

:26:24.:26:36.

News Channel. Sir David Clementi, a former deputy

:26:37.:26:39.

governor of the Bank of England, is to be the next chairman

:26:40.:26:43.

of the BBC. The appointment of Sir David

:26:44.:26:45.

was announced after it was approved He faces the task of leading

:26:46.:26:47.

a new Board to oversee how the BBC is run while the media watchdog,

:26:48.:26:57.

Ofcom, takes over the Football's world governing body,

:26:58.:27:01.

Fifa, has approved plans to expand The new format will be

:27:02.:27:05.

introduced from 2026. The bulk of the additional slots

:27:06.:27:10.

are likely to go to African Our Sports News correspondent,

:27:11.:27:13.

Richard Conway, has been talking to Fifa's new boss,

:27:14.:27:20.

Gianni Infantino. 16 more countries have the chance to

:27:21.:27:38.

get their hands on the World Cup. Speaking to me today, the world

:27:39.:27:43.

governing bodies president insisted in the face of much criticism it's

:27:44.:27:47.

time for the sport to look beyond its traditional borders.

:27:48.:27:53.

Football has now become a truly global game because many more

:27:54.:27:56.

countries, many more teams, will have the chance to qualify,

:27:57.:27:58.

so they will invest in developing football.

:27:59.:28:00.

They will invest in developing elite football as well as

:28:01.:28:02.

The growth of the World Cup will bring enormous extra revenue,

:28:03.:28:13.

Fifa stand to make an additional ?500 million in profit in 2026,

:28:14.:28:16.

But the man elected as Fifa president, partly on a pledge

:28:17.:28:20.

to deliver a bigger competition, insists it's not

:28:21.:28:22.

Well, it's not at all a money and power grab, it's

:28:23.:28:26.

actually the opposite, it's a football decision.

:28:27.:28:42.

So the way we presented it was - OK - we presented four formats,

:28:43.:28:45.

every one of the four formats has advantages, in terms

:28:46.:28:47.

of the financial situation, which means we are in a comfortable

:28:48.:28:50.

situation to be able to take a decision simply based

:28:51.:28:52.

Asia, where interest in football is booming,

:28:53.:28:55.

and Africa stand to benefit the most when the extra 16

:28:56.:28:58.

There will be more slots too for European nations.

:28:59.:29:01.

The Scottish FA welcomed today's decision, believing it will give

:29:02.:29:03.

them and others a better chance of qualifying.

:29:04.:29:08.

After a number of years, when Fifa was a by-word for corruption,

:29:09.:29:11.

its new leadership is determined to assert itself.

:29:12.:29:14.

Gianni Infantino's task is now to convince his critics a reformed

:29:15.:29:23.

The former war correspondent, Clare Hollingworth,

:29:24.:29:28.

who reported the outbreak of the Second World War,

:29:29.:29:30.

She was the first journalist to report on the build-up of German

:29:31.:29:39.

troops on the Polish border in 1939, and she went on to witness some

:29:40.:29:42.

of the most significant events of the 20th Century.

:29:43.:29:44.

Our world affairs editor, John Simpson, knew Clare

:29:45.:29:46.

Hollingworth and he's been looking back at her life and achievements.

:29:47.:29:50.

ARCHIVE: This is a national programme from London.

:29:51.:29:53.

Germany has invaded Poland and has bombed many towns.

:29:54.:29:57.

It was Clare Hollingworth's first story.

:29:58.:30:02.

Three days earlier, she'd spotted the build up of German armour

:30:03.:30:05.

I rode along a valley and there was tarpaulin up

:30:06.:30:09.

to prevent you looking down into the valley.

:30:10.:30:16.

Suddenly, a gust of wind blew the tarp away from the moorings.

:30:17.:30:20.

I looked down into the valley and there were scores,

:30:21.:30:22.

That set the pattern for her long career, scoop after scoop.

:30:23.:30:34.

It was Clare who broke the news of Kim Philby's defection to Russia,

:30:35.:30:37.

though her newspaper, the Guardian, fearing a libel suit,

:30:38.:30:40.

In Vietnam, she was a fearless war correspondent.

:30:41.:30:48.

I'm really passionately interested in war.

:30:49.:30:51.

If one is passionately interested in war, one can't

:30:52.:30:54.

Despite her bad eye sight and slight build, she was remarkably tough.

:30:55.:31:00.

She used her auntie-ish appearance to great effect.

:31:01.:31:07.

Once in East Berlin, she spotted a brand new Soviet Tank.

:31:08.:31:11.

The crew had wandered off, so she clambered onto it and got

:31:12.:31:14.

a look at the spedometer and petrol gauge.

:31:15.:31:16.

The Russian soldiers came running back furious,

:31:17.:31:21.

but she said innocently she was just trying to work out how

:31:22.:31:24.

The next day, her paper led on the new tank's speed and range.

:31:25.:31:29.

She led the way for all the tens of thousands of women journalists

:31:30.:31:37.

who are now working all over the world and especially in wars.

:31:38.:31:42.

I think she was almost fearless and absolutely

:31:43.:31:43.

She remained a journalist into her 90s and last year,

:31:44.:31:56.

in Hong Kong, where she lived, her friends celebrated

:31:57.:31:58.

Clare Hollingworth had been a remarkable witness

:31:59.:32:03.

The tributes today to journalist Clare Hollingworth, who's

:32:04.:32:17.

This was meant to be the day that Jeremy Corbyn set out a clear

:32:18.:32:25.

Labour policy on Brexit, I'll be asking one of his

:32:26.:32:27.

closest lieutenants why it was such a shambles.

:32:28.:32:30.

Here, on BBC One, it's time for the news where you are.

:32:31.:32:33.