03/01/2017 Outside Source


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03/01/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Welcome to outside source, Day 1 of the new Congress in Washington and

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already Republicans have delivered a high profile U-turn, many wanted to

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change how members of Congress are overseen, Donald Trump was not keen

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on that idea, he tweeted about it and now it is not happening, we will

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be live on Capitol Hill. He has also been exerting influence through

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Twitter on some of the businesses in the US, told General Motors to begin

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making more cars and had a similar message for Ford, now Ford has

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announced it is moving a major planned facility from Mexico to

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Michigan. This is Sir Ivan Rogers, UK top diplomat at the European

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Union, he has resigned weeks before wrecks it negotiations are expected

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to begin, we will be live in Westminster to discuss this. These

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are new images released by Turkey of the man they say is the gunmen

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behind the New Year's Eve attack on Istanbul, we know what he looks

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like, but he is still on the run. And a key Syrian rebel group, the

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Free Syrian Army, has pulled out of a planned peace talk over the Syria

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conflict, BBC Arabic is going to explain why.

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Today is the formal start of a major shift in power in America, we had

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the newly elected Congress meeting to the first time, the Republicans

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hold both houses, these are, I was going to show you live pictures,

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they dropped off, as well as Congress, bear in mind, January 20,

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the Republicans control the White House, the dynamics within the

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Republican party are becoming very interesting. Republicans in the

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House of Representatives had hoped to push this through, it is an

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amendment to weaken the body that overseas claims of misconduct

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against members of Congress, a niche concern but it has become a symbolic

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issue, it went ahead despite senior Republicans in Congress objecting

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but then a few hours ago, we heard this. In fact, and this is from

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writers, in fact, the US House Republicans reversed course,

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withdrawing these proposed ethics panel changes. That's decision may

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not have been entirely unrelated to Donald Trump taking to Twitter.

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Strong words. Let's speak with Jane O'Brien about this, joining us live

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from Capitol Hill. We have had a few messages from viewers saying it is

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not just about Donald Trump, it is about constituents applying pressure

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to a pub can men and women, any truth in that? There may well be. I

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think that whatever decision they reach, the interesting thing here is

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the fact that you have the president elect publicly rebuking members of

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his own party on the day that they are sworn in. Regardless of why they

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decided to not go ahead with their tail -- with curtailing the ethics

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office, you have got a very public rift between Donald Trump and

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Republican lawmakers. I cannot think of any similar situation where you

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have Barack Obama publicly rebuking Democrats on Twitter, or any other

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social media. That is what is interesting. It raises the question,

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how is Donald Trump going to win over the support of Republicans,

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many of whom did not support him during the presidential campaign,

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how is he going to win them over and how are they going to rely on his

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support for the agenda that they want to get through? It is a very

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interesting situation, that has really been illustrated on Day 1. To

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what degree is Donald Trump reliant on Congress to get through some of

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his signature policies, like increased infrastructure spending or

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tax cuts? That is a huge one, the infrastructure spending is going to

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cost billions of dollars, we know that there is a conservative wing of

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his party that do not want to spend any more money, they are vehemently

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opposed to any increase in spending, they themselves were elected on a

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mandate to cut the budget deficit and so far, what we have seen of

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plans to increase infrastructure spending, that will not do that. He

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may have opposition from them. In terms of Obamacare, they are

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repealing Obamacare, we know that Republicans and Donald Trump want to

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reveal Obamacare, but what will they replace it with? These are questions

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that it is going to be interesting to see what answers come back. You,

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I and many others have spent months and months and months reporting on

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the politics of last year, and here we are, the shift in power formally

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beginning, leading up to the inauguration on the 20th, does it

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feel different? That is a difficult question to answer, the problem is,

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you feel so in is constant and the whole thing, that the surprise, the

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shock, it is very difficult to tell what has actually changed at the

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moment, especially because Donald Trump is not actually here, we still

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have a president in the White House, Barack Obama, certainly the feeling

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where I am now, we have had freshman congressmen and senators walking

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through, doing lots of interviews, most of them Republican, most of

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them smiling. Until January 20, when Donald Trump takes the reins, I

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think that is when we will see the real difference in atmosphere. Thank

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you very much indeed. Jane will be part of the BBC team in Washington,

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DC as we cover the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20. This is

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the 115th congress. And it will be the most diverse ever. We spotted

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this graphic from he Pew Research Centre, it shows that from 2001,

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there has been an upward trend in diversity. Progress only being made

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up to a point, as you will see in this report. VOICEOVER:

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Distinguished members of America's 115th Congress have two notable

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features, they are overwhelmingly white and male, they don't look much

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like this diverse country, even with a few notable firsts. Orlando's

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former police chief, Valder means. She is now the first woman and first

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African-American to represent her district in Florida. This means

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there will be a record number of black lawmakers on Capitol Hill,. --

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Capitol Hill. -- Val Demings. Asian-Americans have 15 seats in

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Congress, it too is a record, among them, Stephanie Murphy, from

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Florida, the first Vietnamese American woman elected, and this

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fellow freshman, from Washington state, the first Indian American

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woman to serve. From the Vada, the first Latina Senator, and from New

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York, the first Dominican American elected to the house. They are among

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38 Hispanic representatives. Even these impressive firsts don't do

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much to hide the big picture, only one in five members of Congress is a

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woman, which means the US only ranks the same as Bangladesh's 20%. Israel

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has 28%, in Sweden, it is 44%. While this may be the dawn of the most

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racially diverse US Congress ever, Capitol Hill is still clearly an old

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boys club. STUDIO: The main story here in the UK today, the UK's

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ambassador to the European Union has resigned, Sir Ivan Rogers, expected

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to play a key role in "Brexit" talks, not anymore, scrutiny

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committee, who has described with some understatement that the whole

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situation is not ideal, Hillary men, a senior member of the opposition

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Labour Party, leading pro-"Brexit" figures are far less concern. --

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Hilary Benn. Arron Banks has put a lot of his own money into campaigns

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to get the UK out of the European Union. Let's listen to the former

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leader of the UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, leading figure for

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"Brexit", with his reaction. I'm very pleased, after all, he is a

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committed Europhile, he helped lead the renegotiations with David

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Cameron that went so badly and came out the other day with an incredibly

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negative comment, that it might take up to ten years to renegotiate the

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bill, clearly the wrong man., Meyer only regret is that he did not go

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the day after the referendum. -- my only regret. First of all, let's

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look at the practicalities, what impact might this have on when

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"Brexit" talks begin, and who is conducting? In terms of when talks

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begin, no impact whatsoever, Downing Street is absolutely determined to

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stick to its timetable, which is to trigger Article 50, pushing open the

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exit door to the EU and starting negotiations by the end of March,

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there has even been a big court case here in the UK, which we don't have

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a verdict yet, it'll come quite soon, Downing Street has made it

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clear that even that won't derail the timetable, no chance that

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something like this will. Sir Ivan Rogers was the leading diplomat, he

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was going to be in the room looking into the eyeballs of those 27 other

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EU member state diplomats, trying to hammer out the framework of the

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deal, clearly then is to be a new person put in place, it is not clear

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who that will be, but there will be plenty on the diplomatic circuit

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around the world, and here in London who would be eager for that posting.

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The way in which this is interesting, it shows the growing

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political intensity that will surround these negotiation, when

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even a diplomat like this, most people in the UK have never heard

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of, nevertheless has an important role, and his resignation has

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prompted a very angry debate not just about what caused it but what

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it means to about how the negotiation should be conducted.

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Here was a guy who was prepared to speak truth to power, they said he

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should have stayed in the job. In the words of one MP, people pull

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pushing him aside haven't drunk the "Brexit" Kool-Aid. But Nigel Farage

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says that he should go, news part of the establishment which was in

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favour of the whole European project, and they think that he is

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the wrong man for the job. This news means hard Brexit is more likely,

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according to some today, that it is more likely that the UK will leave

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the single market, is that your analysis? We use phrases like hard

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Brexit, and people have to understand that Downing Street's

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view of all of this is that there is no such thing as hard or soft. In

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their view, you can cherry pick, they think that is a binary view,

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and they think they can cherry pick. What does Britain give in return?

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Another question altogether, does this mean we will be heading for a

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harder "Brexit", a softer "Brexit", hard to say, after all these

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instances, where we get a bit of a glimpse into the kind of pressures

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and tensions that there are, within Whitehall, within Westminster,

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within government, over this issue, people trying to decode it, I am not

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sure it is quite that simple, in some ways we will just have to wait

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and see. There is a divergence of views across government over this,

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some ministers believe Britain should try to take an approach where

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we have the best bits of the single market, the customs union. On the

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other hand, others believe it is much clearer to pull all the way out

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of those things. We will have the way for a clearer picture, Theresa

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May is expected to give a plan to Parliament in the next couple of

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months, potentially in February. Thank you very much. Just as we did

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last year, covering "Brexit" before the vote, after it, in Brussels,

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then in Bratislava and back in Brussels again, as the story unfolds

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in the coming months, we will bring you extensive coverage. Live reports

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from the centre of London, from Washington, DC, next we will turn to

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Turkey as we have done all we, the Istanbul New Year's Eve gunmen is

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still on the run. We are learning more about him. A few different

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videos we can show you. This has been released by the authorities.

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This is the suspect ilming himself at Taksim square in Istanbul. It's

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thought he's from Uzbekistan or Kyrgyzstan. And that he arrived in

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Turkey with his wife and two children in November. Reports say

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his family have been detained. Next this is footage from Istanbul's main

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airport. Footage of two foreign nationals detained and being

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question, these pictures from Istanbul's main airports, the two

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men to pay attention to, one man wearing a woolly black hat pulled

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over his eyes, you can see him walking here, and behind him, a man

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in a bright blue hooded top, you can see him among the throng, are the

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two being questioned in central Istanbul. These are pictures film by

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a BBC team working with correspondent Mark Lowen. They are

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among the first journalists to be granted access to the nightclub

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where the attack took place. You can see it's located on the Bosphorus

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river. Some people jumped into the water to escape the bullets. The

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owners say that they will reopen the nightclub, it is a sign of a defined

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mood here, yes, people are sombre and fearful but Turks have lived

:15:22.:15:26.

with the terror threat for decades albeit on a smaller scale and they

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are determined not to let its defeat them. In a few minutes, we have

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already talked about Donald Trump, we will talk about him some more,

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this time in the context of American business, he has criticised General

:15:39.:15:42.

Motors in a tweet over where it manufactures cars. We will get into

:15:43.:15:57.

that. Kurdish militants say that a British man has died alongside them.

:15:58.:16:03.

Ryan Lock, 20, died during an assault on and I is stronghold, one

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pro-Kurdish campaigner, Mark Campbell, says the family are

:16:11.:16:13.

struggling to come to terms with the news. It is age and is shocked to

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them. Ryan had said that he was going on holiday, apparently, to

:16:22.:16:25.

Turkey, back in August. Then he had put a Facebook Post up saying he had

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arrived in Syria to fight Isis. For your 20-year-old son, to see that,

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must have been awful. Final confirmation on Friday, and then

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went to visit them on Sunday. Two days later. So they were just

:16:44.:16:50.

obviously incomplete and utter devastation. Distraught with grief.

:16:51.:17:09.

Day 1 of the new Congress, there has already been a major U-turn from the

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Republican held lower house on the issue of congressional ethics. Some

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of the main stories from the BBC World Service, yesterday we would

:17:22.:17:23.

talking about a deadly prison riot in Brazil, these men may not be the

:17:24.:17:26.

sharpest tools in the box, they escaped, the man in front has been

:17:27.:17:28.

posting photos of himself on Facebook bragging about the whole

:17:29.:17:32.

thing. The man behind him already called, would not be the biggest

:17:33.:17:36.

surprise is the man at the front is picked up before long as well. BBC

:17:37.:17:42.

Brasil. New Year's Eve fireworks may have contributed to dangerously high

:17:43.:17:49.

levels of pollution in several German cities, 15% of vehicle

:17:50.:17:53.

emissions from the whole year, there are now called for a ban on private

:17:54.:18:02.

firework parties. 85,000 copies of an annotated edition of Adolf

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Hitler's mine camp have sold in Germany in the year since its

:18:06.:18:08.

launch, you can read about that on the BBC news app. Politics and

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business always intertwined, we suspect that will be even more of

:18:18.:18:20.

the case once Donald Trump takes over in America, he has been

:18:21.:18:23.

criticising a number of companies for how many of their production

:18:24.:18:28.

operations are based in Mexico, Ford is one of the companies that he has

:18:29.:18:32.

criticised. Today, Ford cancelled and $1.6 billion plant that it was

:18:33.:18:38.

planning to build at a place in Mexico called San Luis toasty,

:18:39.:18:42.

instead, it will spend that money extending existing operations in a

:18:43.:18:47.

place called flat rock, Michigan. Here is what the Ford CEO told the

:18:48.:18:55.

BBC. Overall, the reason we have made these decisions is because they

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are the right thing for the business. We look at a lot of

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different factors when we look at decisions. The announcement we are

:19:04.:19:08.

making today of $700 million investment in flat rock, Michigan,

:19:09.:19:11.

and adding 700 jobs, one factor we put into that is the more favourable

:19:12.:19:17.

US business environment that we see under President-elect Tromp and some

:19:18.:19:20.

of the pro-growth policies and reforms, whether it is tax or

:19:21.:19:23.

regular Terry, that he has been talking about. -- San Luis Potosi.

:19:24.:19:30.

That play positively in that and it is a vote of confidence that he can

:19:31.:19:34.

do positively there. -- whether it is tax or regulatory. Was that a

:19:35.:19:38.

polite way of saying, we are doing this because Donald Trump wants us

:19:39.:19:44.

to? Certainly, if that was the case, he was not admitting that, he said

:19:45.:19:48.

the business environment was one of the key factors, that certainly

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helped shape the decision, when I pressed him he talked about the

:19:56.:19:57.

regular Theresa May environment, that they talked about cutting

:19:58.:20:03.

corporate taxes. -- regulatory environment. Things that will make

:20:04.:20:06.

it easier for businesses to find environment for favourable. Singling

:20:07.:20:20.

out the company... What it does raise is questions about economic

:20:21.:20:23.

nationalism, we have seen Donald Trump use this technique before,

:20:24.:20:27.

using it again, and clearly for him, an opportunity to claim victory.

:20:28.:20:33.

Does this decision cost 40 money, is it more expensive to produce these

:20:34.:20:40.

cars in Michigan than it would be in Mexico? -- does this decision cost

:20:41.:20:46.

Ford money. They looking at Donald Trump's approach and saying, what is

:20:47.:20:50.

the cost to American business? If you take this Pacific decision, only

:20:51.:20:55.

700 rods are being created here in the United States, they were going

:20:56.:21:01.

to create 2800 jobs in Mexico. It is more than 40% cheaper to produce a

:21:02.:21:08.

car in Mexico. -- 700 jobs. One of the argument is made about this type

:21:09.:21:11.

of approach is that it can be harmful for companies, that it does

:21:12.:21:14.

not necessarily make economic sense for them but they do this because

:21:15.:21:18.

the risk of upsetting the president is too great. And therefore, it is

:21:19.:21:23.

not worth undertaking, that is going to be the concern, the other thing

:21:24.:21:26.

is free trade, we know that President Trump has said that he's

:21:27.:21:30.

not in favour of free trade, that he wants to negotiate one of these

:21:31.:21:40.

forms of protectionism, encouraging that may be raising the idea that it

:21:41.:21:45.

is not an open market and other countries may respond with the same

:21:46.:21:51.

thing. We have built about Ford, I would like to talk about General

:21:52.:21:54.

Motors, Ford is not the only one to get criticism over Mexico, this is

:21:55.:21:56.

what Donald Trump said earlier. That gives one impression of what is

:21:57.:22:14.

happening, now look at what GM has said in response, it manufactures

:22:15.:22:20.

the Chevrolet crew Saddam in Ohio, and they are all built in the

:22:21.:22:27.

assembly plant. -- Chevrolet Cruze sedan.

:22:28.:22:35.

You get two quite distinct impression from those two sources,

:22:36.:22:42.

which one is closer to the mark? If you look at them, Donald Trump is

:22:43.:22:46.

not incorrect in the sense that a small number, but the vast majority

:22:47.:22:50.

is made in the United States. It is a misleading picture rather than

:22:51.:22:55.

incorrect, but it goes to this point again, about Donald Trump's view of

:22:56.:22:59.

global trade, one of the big trade deals here in America is the North

:23:00.:23:04.

American Free Trade Agreement, it has been in place for many years, he

:23:05.:23:08.

has said he would like to repeal it. That means goods can be made in

:23:09.:23:13.

Mexico, transported here to the US or Canada tax-free, that is where

:23:14.:23:16.

you get this threat to impose tax tariffs on these imports. It is part

:23:17.:23:24.

of a campaign pledge, and he is sticking to that rhetoric, even

:23:25.:23:27.

though now the election is over. Very useful, thank you very much. I

:23:28.:23:33.

want to talk to you about the extraordinary project which China

:23:34.:23:36.

has long shot, direct rail freight service to London from China, from a

:23:37.:23:44.

place in central China. The journey is going to take two weeks, this

:23:45.:23:50.

main map that we use is not going to cope with a journey this complex, so

:23:51.:23:51.

here is a graphic. 90,001 it is, through Kazakhstan,

:23:52.:24:02.

Russia, into central and western Europe, with two destination,

:24:03.:24:06.

London, Madrid and Milan at the end of the line. If you read stories

:24:07.:24:10.

about this, it describes how this project fits into China's one belt,

:24:11.:24:15.

one road policy. That requires some explanation. This is the big idea

:24:16.:24:22.

coming from the Chinese president, the cornerstone of his foreign

:24:23.:24:28.

policy, they are focusing not as much on ships exporting goods to the

:24:29.:24:32.

United States, in that direction, he has decided he wants to focus on

:24:33.:24:35.

sending goods in the other direction, sending goods west,

:24:36.:24:42.

instead of East. So he is spending $40 billion to build train tracks

:24:43.:24:47.

through Central Asia, to hook up to western Europe to send goods faster

:24:48.:24:52.

that way. This will help with manufacturers and retailers to keep

:24:53.:24:56.

costs down. It really is important that this train goes from this major

:24:57.:25:02.

manufacturing base in China, it is known for making small goods, rings

:25:03.:25:06.

use see on store shelves all the time.

:25:07.:25:17.

Hopefully there will be getting them faster and for a better price. Some

:25:18.:25:23.

stories that we will be covering in the second half of the programme,

:25:24.:25:26.

you may remember this video, featuring Chelsea fans in Paris, a

:25:27.:25:30.

couple of years ago, racially abusing the man you can see on the

:25:31.:25:34.

platform, some fans have been convicted in a Paris court. Details

:25:35.:25:39.

of that. We will also hear about a group of up to 50 foreign workers in

:25:40.:25:42.

Saudi Arabia working in the construction industry, have been

:25:43.:25:46.

sentenced to jail terms and in some cases lashes because of their

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protests over their pay being cut. Good evening, detailed look at the

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weather in the UK before the top of the album right now, we'll look at

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