09/02/2017 Outside Source


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09/02/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.

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Let's look through some of the main stories here in the BBC Newsroom.

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Kellyanne Conway promoted the clothing range of

:00:12.:00:16.

the President's daughter in a live interview - something federal

:00:17.:00:20.

We still wait for a court ruling on Mr Trump's travel ban.

:00:21.:00:31.

I've a report from Montana, focusing on those who support it.

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Those people need to understand that the women of Montana at an too. --

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at armed. There have been more revelations

:00:47.:00:47.

from the UN about the treatment of the minority muslim

:00:48.:00:50.

community in Myanmar. If you haven't seen downhill

:00:51.:00:52.

skateboarding before, you'll want to stick

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around for this! There's a poll out by

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Morning Consult and Politico The poll of more than 2,000

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registered voters found 55% support the ban,

:01:24.:01:28.

38% oppose it. The state of Montana is home to one

:01:29.:01:36.

of the biggest anti-immigration That's despite the fact the state

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has resettled less than 20 refugee The BBC's Aleem Maqbool

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went to find out why. I believe that what we've

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seen with our President This is a man who

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couldn't be happier. He is heavily involved in local

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politics, and he's a preacher. His Christian compassion, though,

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does not extend to those he feels If they come among us

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and then try to enact If groups of radical Islamic people

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begin to show up who will eventually attempt to harm our women,

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those militant people need to understand that the women

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of Montana are armed. He says those who are protesting

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against Donald Trump's immigration policies do not represent

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the real America. This is a local rally

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in support of the refugees. Not a bad turnout for a weekday

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lunchtime in the snow. But these are certainly not

:02:58.:03:02.

the loudest voices on this issue The state has one of the most

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high-profile anti-immigrant campaigns and, before the election,

:03:05.:03:10.

had one of the biggest anti-refugee The anger for many is directed

:03:11.:03:14.

mainly at Muslims, something local

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politicians are tapping into - After days of debate,

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the state Senate has just passed a bill to say Sharia law

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can't be applied in Montana. This woman and her family arrived

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here just a couple of months ago. They fled Eritrea with no choice

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about where the UN sent them. After more than four years

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of vetting, they landed in Montana - nervous, shy about

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talking on camera, and to this storm

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of anti-immigrant sentiment. What's striking in Montana

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is all the focus on immigration is happening in an entire state

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the size of Germany with a population of just 1 million,

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where fewer than 20 refugee families have been resettled

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since the mid-90s. But as far as many here

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and across America are concerned, there is simply no room

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for the immigrants, to whom the door

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should be firmly shut. If you want on demand coverage of

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the Trump administration, you can get it from the BBC News app.

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We know the World Cup is going to expand to 48 teams

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in 2026 and now football governing bodies around the world have begun

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How is this shaping up? Uefa macro the first to throw their hat into

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ring. They want more of their own represented, the 116 teams to be

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European, three more than played the last World Cup in Brazil. Those

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teams are kept apart in the group phase to give European team is the

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best chance of going through to the last 32 and because the World Cup

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will have 16 groups each, the top two in each group will go through to

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the knockout phase, Europe want all of its teams to get the knockout

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phase. Uefa may feel this is a realistic request but it is an early

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test for the's claim to be more transparent in the light of its

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scandal stained past. Presumably, some of the other big footballing

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bodies around the world have their own shopping lists. We're still

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waiting to hear officially from other organisations but they will

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all want more of their own teams taking part. Uefa might not have it

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all way. The Fifa president in the past said the World Cup as to be

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more inclusive, adding that football is more than just Europe and South

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America, saying it is truly global now. He added that the only sure

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thing is that everyone will have more representation than they have

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had in the past and it is for a decision could be made on this by

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May. The 2018 Winter Olympics will take

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place in Pyeongchang, South Korea. To mark the occasion, organisers

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unveiled the Games' Olympic torch. It's the first time South Korea has

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hosted the winter games and, in doing so, it'll complete

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the grand slam of the winter and summer games, a football

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World Cup and a World Athletics Germany, Japan, Italy and France

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are the only others to do it. There was also this

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message to North Korea. We are opening participation borders

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to all other countries including North Korea. We welcome their

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participation. We would like to say that North Korea not only has a duty

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to participate in the winter Olympics but also has the authority

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to engage in the Olympics. Continuing our daily effort

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to cover sports that don't get too much coverage,

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this is speed downhill bike riding. This is him going down a mountain

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in Chile's Atacama Desert. He broke the record,

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hitting 167kmph. It took him 650 metres and 11

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seconds to hit the top speed. The parameters of the record meant

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it had to be a gravel-based mountain and it had to be

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on an unmodified mountain bike. It is quite specific but he made it

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to the bottom and he looks relieved. I think his colleagues were worried,

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he pulls off the helmet and in the end, he is smiling. Congratulations

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to him. Continuing the downhill theme,

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this is downhill skateboarding. These guys have battled for many

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years! He is getting pretty excited. We've been in touch with the

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International Downhill Federation. The first event of the World Tour

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is next week in Australia ad we'll have highlights plus an interview

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with one of the racers. If you're watching an thing, I have

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got sport that needs to be covered, let us know, get in touch by

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Twitter, e-mail, social media, and we will pick up any of the

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suggestion to make. The Kenyan High Court has told

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Kenya's government that it can't shut the largest refugee camp

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in the world. Dadaab is close to the border

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with Somalia and it's so big you can About 260,000 Somali

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refugees call it home. These pictures show

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how they are living. This camp was set up

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in 1991 for people fleeing The Kenyan government had wanted

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to forcibly repatriate them. A government spokesperson

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told the Kenyan media... He did not want to discriminate

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against Somalis but the camp had to be closed for security reasons. We

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also have a release from the Kenyan government saying it will appeal

:10:22.:10:25.

this decision by the highest court in the land.

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essentially says that to do this would be unconstitutional because it

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would contravene the very principles of how Kenya is founded when it

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comes to human rights. This is a decision that says Kenny needs to

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put the rights of people first before they go into thinking about

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how this will affect the security, it needs to be done in a humane way,

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this seems to be the message the court is trying to get across and

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human rights groups across the country were happy to receive this

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ruling today. Is a big political issue? It certainly has been, and

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this was a very big issue for the government for they first raised in

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2016, and they said unequivocally that this decision would not change,

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they had to close the camp because of security concerns. The main

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concern is that al-Shabab, a militant group affiliated to

:11:33.:11:40.

Al-Qaeda, is hiding within the camp. So this is a very big security

:11:41.:11:46.

issue. In terms of practicality, if the government were unable to do

:11:47.:11:52.

this, where do they suggest 250,000 Somalis go? Back to Somalia is the

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suggestion that there are a number of issues already. Somalia is not

:11:59.:12:03.

quite ready to receive these refugees, health, education, all of

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those things need to be put in place before these refugees come back. The

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size of the camp is shocking. It is the third-largest city in Kenya

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after Mombasa and Nairobi so this is thousands of people we're talking

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about on the government has already failed to meet a deadline it has for

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themselves, extending that because the sheer scale of the project. It

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does seem that even though they want to do it quickly it might not be

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practical do so. When we come back, we'll be looking

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at a new study that says the way orangutans communicate is linked

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to the origins of human language. Private tenants in England

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are being unfairly evicted and a new law to protect them isn't

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working, according to MPs. The law was introduced to stop

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people being thrown out of their homes because they'd

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complained about the state Damp, mould, faulty electrics,

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and broken windows and boilers that They're all classed

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as category one hazards. In other words, they're so bad

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they pose a risk to people's health. And they're things Amjid Chowdri

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from Leeds City Council's Rogue Landlords Unit

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is all too familiar with. This is rented out, private rented

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accommodation, people living here? People paying to rent here, making

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complaints, nothing happening, and then they could be under threat

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of a revenge eviction That's the reason why they're not

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coming forward to the council When I first came here, I did not

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want to move in. I do not want to keep complaining because they might

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kick me out. What would happen to you if you did get evicted? I would

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be on the street. Because I have been on the street and it ain't

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nice. I have been on the street and it is horrible. That is why you do

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not want to complain too much. Government figures suggest 1 million

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private rented properties do not meet its own decent homes standard.

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What is that? MPs who helped hold the government to account say rogue

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landlords are avoiding their responsibilities. I cannot believe

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that there aren't that number of authorities when no one has been

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subjected to avenge a fiction. The government says revenge evictions

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are rare and pans to a new door councils have all the power they

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need to stop them. This is Outside Source live

:15:24.:15:33.

from the BBC newsroom. Our lead story is: Key Trump advisor

:15:34.:15:36.

Kellyanne Conway has been reprimanded by the White House

:15:37.:15:40.

after she promoted a clothing range owned

:15:41.:15:42.

by Donald Trump's daughter, Miss Conway told a breakfast

:15:43.:15:46.

television programme "go Coming up shortly on BBC News:

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If you're outside of the UK, They'll have plenty more

:15:50.:15:58.

on Donald Trump's immigration ban, including the latest on those

:15:59.:16:03.

comments from his nominee Here in the UK, the

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News at Ten is next. They'll have a report

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looking at NHS wait times. Figures leaked to the BBC suggest

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a record number of people spent more than four hours in accident

:16:14.:16:16.

and emergency units Let's update you on the push

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to retake Mosul from Back in October, the Iraqi

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government offensive began. It was front page news around

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the world and, for a while, This was UK tabloid

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The Daily Mirror. Press TV, which is funded by Iran,

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quoted the Iraqi Prime Minister, saying, "The Time For Victory Has

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Come." The Iraqi army controls

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the eastern half of Mosul. The West remains in control of

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Islamic State. We have seen comments posted online earlier by New York

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Times correspondence saying the city looks remarkable, driving past open

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Cabaye joints. Those reports of relatively normal lives. This though

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has also brought out comments from the top US military commander

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saying, we will see both most sought and Raqqa campaigns conclude, that

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is my attempt. We asked Hadya Alalawi

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from BBC Arabic to look The Iraqi army has actually been

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attacking the western side by some missiles,

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using the help of the I think the biggest problem

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at the moment is how they're going to connect from the eastern

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side to the western side because of the bridges that the US

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actually attacked at the beginning Now, IS, what it did is, actually,

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it's trying to destroy these bridges completely so they can't cross over

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from one side to the other, and I think that is one

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of the biggest problems, actually, the Iraqi army is facing

:18:20.:18:22.

at the moment as well as putting together all its forces

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and preparing it forward because there's going

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to be a huge offensive. And IS still has the necessary

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supply lines to the west And it can still get

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supplies to its fighters Yes, it can, and I think

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the problem right now as well is because the western side,

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because this is literally the last stronghold in Iraq, if they lose it,

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they are literally losing So what they are doing

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is they are trying to get as much support they can to the western

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side, and I assume also that they are going to be able

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to get more support from Raqqa. So this is why it was quite

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interesting to hear the US Is it becoming politically difficult

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for the Iraqi government? There was a stage when we were

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following this day by day but clearly Mosul's not

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about to fall any time soon. No, I think the suggestion

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that Mosul and Raqqa both are going to fall,

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I don't think that's very realistic. They are fighting with a very

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strong group of fighters, they have a lot of weapons,

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they are trained well, It took them three months just

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to take the eastern side of Mosul, six months to take the western side

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and, as well as Raqqa, Back to Rakhine State

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in Myanmar and the treatment UN officials have told

:19:35.:19:46.

Reuters that the death toll in a recent security crackdown

:19:47.:19:53.

there could be over 1,000. The UN also recently released

:19:54.:20:00.

a report describing widespread The BBC's @JonahFisherBBC called

:20:01.:20:03.

that report a game changer. He said the Burmese government would

:20:04.:20:18.

not be able to dismiss this matter as the hinge propaganda.

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I asked the BBC Burmese's Soe Win Than whether the government

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was still denying that there was a problem.

:20:25.:20:26.

When this report was released last week, then the human rights chief

:20:27.:20:31.

spoke to Aung San Suu Kyi directly for over an hour.

:20:32.:20:35.

In that conversation, Aung San Suu Kyi said

:20:36.:20:39.

that the government would investigate all the allegations

:20:40.:20:41.

Another development today is that the military itself has

:20:42.:20:46.

formed a committee headed by the military Inspector General

:20:47.:20:50.

to specifically look into those allegations.

:20:51.:20:53.

But would you trust the military to assess

:20:54.:20:55.

That's what the international human rights groups have...

:20:56.:21:02.

Already, the government has formed a commission to investigate

:21:03.:21:06.

what is going on in Rakhine State, which is headed by the Vice

:21:07.:21:09.

So even at the outset, when it was formed, the human rights

:21:10.:21:17.

activist said that this is not trustworthy because it is headed

:21:18.:21:20.

by a military general who would exonerate,

:21:21.:21:24.

if there are, the atrocities committed by the military.

:21:25.:21:32.

A new study says the way orangutans communicate is linked

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The sounds they make are called kiss squeaks.

:21:36.:21:43.

The research is from Durham University.

:21:44.:22:05.

Exactly what the messages are that are embedded in these kiss squeak

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calls that these researchers have studied is not entirely

:22:13.:22:15.

clear, but they can see that they are communicating

:22:16.:22:18.

So, essentially, this has been a ten-year listening

:22:19.:22:21.

These researchers started this ten years ago, recording and watching

:22:22.:22:27.

the orangutans and listening to them as they made these

:22:28.:22:29.

Now, what they see, crucially, is that they will combine these

:22:30.:22:34.

calls in different ways with other signals and with different sounds,

:22:35.:22:38.

with call-out vowel-like sounds, with shaking branches and gestures,

:22:39.:22:42.

and what they are suggesting, what they think this means,

:22:43.:22:45.

is that they are trying to reiterate the same message by combining these

:22:46.:22:48.

sounds again and again to get their point across.

:22:49.:22:52.

Now, what that means, critically, is that that's

:22:53.:22:56.

10 million years ago, when we shared a common ancestor

:22:57.:23:00.

with these great apes, that's what our ancestors may have

:23:01.:23:02.

been doing when they combined the first sounds to create syllables

:23:03.:23:06.

that would then be combined into words and it would

:23:07.:23:08.

So that's what they think they are seeing.

:23:09.:23:11.

By combining these sounds in different ways, these animals

:23:12.:23:13.

are trying to reiterate the message, and that could be an early

:23:14.:23:16.

glimpse at the very first formations of words.

:23:17.:23:24.

Explain to ask the process the scientists believe happened between

:23:25.:23:29.

the point these orangutans arrived and the point we are at now.

:23:30.:23:34.

Essentially, these kiss squeaks, the reason they looked at these, because

:23:35.:23:41.

there has been a lot of research done into communication in great

:23:42.:23:45.

apes, orangutans were overlooked because they do not communicate that

:23:46.:23:50.

much. These kiss squeaks are formed similar locally to how our

:23:51.:23:54.

consonants are formed. They are using their lips and tongue to

:23:55.:24:00.

control airflow, they are posting their lips to make the sounds.

:24:01.:24:05.

Consonants at the crucial building block in human language so what they

:24:06.:24:10.

think is that these other precursor sounds of syllables, the sounds they

:24:11.:24:14.

can combine and make slightly differently to create different

:24:15.:24:20.

messages are early precursor is of what building blocks of our syllable

:24:21.:24:22.

words would have been. Quite a few of you are commenting on

:24:23.:24:32.

pictures I showed you live from the South African Parliament. This was

:24:33.:24:36.

in the middle of President Zuma's state the nation address. As you

:24:37.:24:44.

will see, it turned into a large punch-up which ended up with the EFF

:24:45.:24:50.

members exiting Parliament. Quite a dramatic day. President Zuma did

:24:51.:24:56.

finish a speech in the end. See you on Monday. Goodbye.

:24:57.:25:06.

At this time of year, we can often get weather stories which reflected

:25:07.:25:13.

the battle between winter in the spring, and that is what we have

:25:14.:25:17.

seen this week across the pond in New

:25:18.:25:18.