Robert Powell narrates an in-depth look back at the 17th World Cup, played in Japan and South Korea - the only time the tournament has been staged across two countries.
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There were strong emotions.
The players had wanted to do so well,
and it was a moment of deliverance for them.
The whole world was talking about the game
and we had wanted to prove that we were a quality team.
I think we all felt liberated afterwards - the dignitaries,
the players and me, the coach.
HE SPEAKS IN FRENCH
Senegal's victory was a source of great encouragement
for the World Cup's so-called smaller nations.
What chance, then, Saudi Arabia defeating
the three-time champions Germany?
That question was answered as early as the 25th minute.
By that time, a German team that had almost missed out on the finals
was 2-0 up and coasting.
8-0, it would finish - Germany's biggest ever World Cup win.
The result did little to support the Asian Football Confederation's
claim for a fifth Asian team at the 2006 finals.
A good start for Rudi Voller's squad,
which many back home had considered the weakest ever assembled
by Germany for a World Cup Finals.
All was not well in the Brazilian camp ahead of their opening
fixture against Turkey.
Their captain - Emerson, a midfielder -
had dislocated his shoulder whilst keeping goal in training.
On a positive not, Ronaldo, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho were fit,
and all would be included in Luis Felipe Scolari's team sheet
for what promised to be Brazil's toughest test of the group stages.
Turkey had last appeared in the World Cup Finals in 1954.
48 years on, they began brightly.
Both goalkeepers were kept very busy in an entertaining first half.
It was Turkey that opened the score.
After a few sharp words from Scolari,
Brazil started the second half in explosive fashion.
TRANSLATION: It was a typical Brazilian move -
good passing and good rhythm.
It was early in the second half and we were still trailing Turkey 1-0.
Rivaldo moved down the left
and put in a perfect cross between the defender and the goalkeeper.
I knew where he was going to put it and I charged past defenders
and threw myself at the ball with all my strength.
If I hadn't, I wouldn't have got to the ball. I was lucky.
I was very happy, because that goal brought us level.
It was a huge boost to the team morale.
It was Ronaldo's first goal for Brazil in 1,000 days.
He was soon after a second.
HE SHOUTS IN PORTUGUESE
Turkey had their chances.
But with four minutes remaining...disaster struck.
A red card for Alpay.
A penalty for Brazil.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS PORTUGUESE
Gol! Gol! Gol!
Minutes later, Brazil's hero turned villain.
-It was coming towards the end of the match
and I was trying to waste a bit of time, trying to stop the game.
I didn't for one moment think that the referee would
send off the player who kicked the ball in my direction.
The ball hit my legs and I put my hands on my stomach.
These are just things that happen in football,
and that will always be the case.
Turkey's chance for revenge would come later.
As the World Cup got into its stride,
the fans were soon taking for granted the quality of the stadium.
Construction work had started long before
the co-hosting decision was made.
Originally, Japan selected 15 venues,
but sharing the World Cup meant this was reduced by FIFA to ten,
with Yokohama the first to be completed.
Korea's original intention was to use six or seven venues,
but on the grounds of balance, not to mention rivalry,
they two decided on ten, all built from scratch.
20 stadium 18 of them new.
The overall cost, more than 5 billion,
unprecedented in World Cup history.
To some, this was one of the most exciting features
of Asia's first World Cup, to others, its greatest extravagance.
The most spectacular Sapporo's indoor stadium
was designed to combat the rigorous Japanese winters.
It could convert from a baseball stadium
into an international football venue in five hours.
Eight days in, Sapporo was about to stage its third and final game -
the eagerly anticipated meeting of England and Argentina.
The Argentine players had been endearing themselves
to the locals in Naraha in the northeast of Japan.
They'd been in relaxed mood since their arrival in the area,
and had opened their campaign with a 1-0 victory against Nigeria.
The South Americans overran their opponents for most of that game,
but ultimately converted just one of their 20 attempts on goal.
As for England,
they'd also been well-received by the Japanese public.
Everyone wanted a glimpse of David Beckham, it seemed.
The captain was still recovering from the foot injury
that had threatened to rule him out of the tournament,
but he had played 63 minutes of England's opening fixture,
a 1-1 draw with Sweden.
Argentina were next, the latest in a long line
of footballing clashes between the two nations.
The most recent, in the second round of France '98,
had produced a wonder goal by Michael Owen,
a red card for Beckham,
and a penalty shoot out victory for Argentina.
Four years on, they would renew their rivalry
under the watchful eye of the world's leading referee -
How is that, the football, it's OK?
Beckham and Diego Simeone came face-to-face once again.
The latter had contributed to the Englishman's sending off
four years earlier.
Beckham could be dangerous,
but the man Argentina feared most was Michael Owen.
Gabriel Batistuta was spearheading Argentina's attack.
Four years earlier,
Beckham was made the scapegoat for England's failure to beat Argentina.
Now his country's captain,
redemption was just a clean strike of the ball away.
England continued to make the running in the second half.
Bielsa had introduced Pablo Aimar -
a modern-day Maradona of sorts.
Aimar was at the heart of the Argentine attempts
to salvage a draw, a result which would suit them more than England.
Seaman's save would prove decisive.
FULL-TIME WHISTLE BLOWS
England's 1-0 victory was their first over Argentina
in the World Cup Finals since 1966.
They would be less impressive in the 0-0 draw with Nigeria,
but that point was sufficient to see them through.
As for Argentina,
they would need to beat Sweden to join England in the second round.
Of the 25 finalists who'd yet to lift the trophy,
Spain or Portugal were most likely to join the exclusive club.
Spain, the World Cup's perennial underachiever's,
had won their opening game at the Finals
for the first time since 1950.
They cruised through the group stages.
As for their Iberian neighbours,
this was a first World Cup Finals appearance for Luis Figo
and the rest of the golden generation of Portuguese players.
At their age, it also promised to be their last.
They would open their campaign against the USA.
The events of September 11th had put the United States
and its citizens on high alert.
The country's footballers were no exception,
and the already high levels of security were stepped up
for the American squad's arrival in Korea.
A small army saw them safely through Incheon Airport
and watched over Bruce Arena and his players
for the duration of their stay.
That included their visit to Suwon's World Cup stadium,
which would witness one of the tournament's
most exciting encounters.
The first name on the score was John O'Brien.
The bizarre own goal by Jorge Costa,
and after 29 minutes of their opening game, the USA had scored
more goals than they'd managed in three matches at France '98.
Things soon went from bad to worse for Portugal.
Luck may have deserted them,
but at least Portugal had time on their side.
Beto scored Portugal's first goal, and it wouldn't be their last.
Unfortunately, we went in at half-time a little disappointed.
We gave up that goal right before half with the corner kick.
But it was 3-1, so we felt we were still in a good position in the game,
naturally, up two goals.
Portugal's a great team and they weren't going to lie down and die.
Portugal did score a second, with the help of the USA's Jeff Agoos.
But it wouldn't be enough.
It was unbelievable. It was a little bit of a misty night. Asian fog.
20 minutes, you're 3-0 up on Portugal.
It didn't feel like it was actually happening.
It felt like it was a dream.
Sure enough, we won that game 3-2, and I think that set us up
for some more good results during the World Cup.
# Ole, ole, ole, ole
# USA... #
It was proving to be a tournament full of surprises.
With the competition well under way,
it was time for the co-hosts to join the party.
The excitement had been growing on both sides of the Sea of Japan.
Belgium lay in wait of Nakata and co, whilst Korea would face Poland.
Japan, the Asian Cup holders, would be the first to appear.
Their French coach, Philippe Troussier,
was setting his sights on a place in the second round.
Lofty ambitions for a nation that had failed to register
a single point on its World Cup debut for years earlier.
After a disappointing opening,
the game burst into life in the second half.
Not the start Japan had demanded.
They weren't behind for long.
The momentum was now with Japan.
Eight minutes later, Junichi Inamoto took centre stage.
But that wasn't the end of the scoring.
Troussier was not amused.
Inamoto had a goal disallowed soon after
and Japan had to settle for a 2-2 draw.
TRANSLATION: I think that on the balance of play,
it's fair to say that it was two points lost.
But, at the same time, I felt as though it was a point won.
It was an important souvenir.
The 2-2 draw was very important, as it enabled us
to win our first World Cup point,
and it created a wave of optimism that carried us into our second game.
As Japan began celebrating its first World Cup point,
in Korea fans were gathering throughout the country
to witness their team's clash with Poland.
Guus Hiddink's squad had been preparing together for these
Finals for several months.
In that time, the Dutch coach had put his players
on strengthening programmes, changed their diets
and radically altered the way they approached international football.
I had analysed the preparation in previous tournaments,
World Cup tournaments, and there was always the preparation against,
with all respect, second-rated nations.
I chose the tough way, and to meet a lot of opposition,
not just in Korea, but also worldwide,
with the danger and risk, for sure, that we lose some games.
But the experience the players gained in those games
was tremendous, and it paid off at the end.
Just 35 minutes after the final whistle had been
blown on Japan's opening game, Korea emerged for the start
of what a nation hoped would be a great adventure.
Fresh from his re-election victory,
FIFA President Sepp Blatter passed on his good wishes.
In their five previous World Cup appearances,
Korea had failed to win a single game.
They dared not contemplate a repeat performance on home soil.
Veteran striker Hwang Sun-hong's 50th goal for his country
was a sign of things to come.
Poland's good form in qualifying had long since deserted them
and they appeared to freeze in the cauldron of colour and sound.
The second half was just eight minutes old when Korea struck again.
There was no let up for Poland.
FULL-TIME WHISTLE BLOWS
The first World Cup victory at their 15th attempt.
After 44 years of trying,
China was finally dining at football's top table.
Bora Milutinovic's team had started with a defeat,
2-0 against Costa Rica,
the nation he'd coached at the Finals in Italy in 1990.
Next up - Brazil.
The Chinese squad had been followed to Korea
by an estimated 25,000 fans,
many of whom had paid the equivalent of a year's salary
to cheer their heroes on.
Also lending the support, for the Brazil game at least,
would be a television audience back home approaching 700 million.
TRANSLATION: From the moment we qualified,
there was huge pressure on us
because this was going to be our first World Cup appearance.
It was a great opportunity and the realisation of everyone's dream.
We had a young team, and that meant we felt the pressure more.
We wore worried about not playing well, worried about making
mistakes, worried that the fans would turn against us.
There were a lot of things on our mind.
Victory for Brazil and they'd be as good as through to the second round.
There was no sign of pressure from the Chinese
in the opening exchanges.
15 minutes in, Brazil were awarded a free kick.
It was Roberto Carlos territory.
China's not so great wall was easily breached.
Brazil were in the ascendency.
Rivaldo added a second.
The floodgates were well and truly open.
China were playing for pride, but that soon took another hammering.
4-0 after 55 minutes.
It was in danger of becoming a rout.
China had their moments.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS IN OWN LANGUAGE
Out-thought, outclassed and ultimately outmuscled,
China had nothing to show for their endeavours.
They would also lose to Turkey,
and headed home without a point or a goal to their name.
Brazil marched on to Round Two.
Italy had started well with a 2-0 victory over Ecuador,
but their 2-1 defeat at the hands of Croatia in their second outing
had put their qualification for the knockout stages in doubt.
TRANSLATION: We were forced to field the two key members of our squad -
Nesta and Cannavaro,
who unfortunately were already on yellow cards.
In addition, our disallowed goal against Croatia
had put our qualification hopes in jeopardy.
Had we already been sure of our place in the second round,
I could have rested these two players,
who would have been vital for the game against Korea.
Italy had the ball in the net in the 13th minute.
But that too was ruled out for offside.
Totti was the next to try his luck.
Alessandro Del Piero was growing impatient.
The Juventus striker had made just one substitute appearance so far
and was again watching from the sidelines
when Jared Borgetti headed Mexico into the lead.
Italy needed a win to be sure of progressing.
Anything less, and they'd have to rely on Ecuador defeating Croatia.
With less than a quarter of an hour remaining,
Del Piero finally got the call from Trapattoni.
Cometh the hour, cometh the man.
Ecuador's victory and Del Piero's equaliser
ensured that Italy joined Mexico in the last 16.
But they'd have to play a lot better
if they were to realise a nation's dream of a fourth World Cup triumph.
Despite just taking one point from two games,
Roger Lemerre and his French squad had a spring in their step -
the reason, Zinedine Zidane was set to play for the world champions
in the make-or-break meeting with Denmark.
Victory by two clear goals and France would progress.
Anything less and they'd become the first defending champions
since Brazil in 1966 to exit the Finals at the group stages.
Among those watching were Aime Jacquet,
France's World Cup winning coach, and Thierry Henry,
who had been sent off in the 0-0 draw with Uruguay.
Where Zizou went Denmark followed.
Morten Olsen had deployed an extra midfielder
to make life difficult for Zidane.
The tactic appeared to be working.
TRANSLATION: It was the Danes who scored the first goal.
Now we were in real trouble.
It was difficult enough to try and win the game by two clear goals,
now we had to score three times if we were to qualify.
They certainly had the chances.
And they did, of course, have Zidane.
But the great man wasn't fully fit,
and the French tactic of giving him the ball at every turn
backfired against a well-organised Danish team
that had taken four points from its first two games.
HE SPEAKS FRENCH
Still France couldn't score.
HE SPEAKS DANISH
Unlike their opponents.
France were eliminated.
They bowed out of the tournament with just one point
and without scoring a single goal.
TRANSLATION: It's inexplicable,
because we did not just have the chance to score one goal,
we had chances to score several.
If I had a rational explanation for any of it,
I'd be a happy man.
He didn't, he wasn't, and France headed for home
with the worst record of any previous World Cup winners.
Senegal! Senegal! Senegal! Senegal!
Senegal were the favourites to join Denmark in the last 16,
and their first half performance in their final group game
against Uruguay appeared to justify that billing.
When a point would do, Senegal were looking good to claim all three.
TRANSLATION: At half-time I told the players to be careful,
because 3-0 is possibly the easiest lead to overcome.
We did the worst thing possible and conceded an early goal.
So Uruguay had got it back to 3-1. They were throwing everything at us.
We missed a chance to go 4-1 ahead
and then they scored a second goal to make it 3-2.
The whole team started to panic.
We stopped attacking
and seemed frightened of making mistakes in defence.
Uruguay made it 3-3.
They nearly created a huge shock
as they had another chance near the end.
3-3 the final score.
Senegal had qualified for the second round, but only just.
For Senegal. OK? For Senegal.
HE SPEAKS FRENCH
With France eliminated,
Argentina's passage to the final appeared that much easier,
so long as they themselves could survive the group stages.
As things stood, they would need to beat Sweden
to be certain of progressing.
Bielsa made four changes to the team that had lost to England.
Back came Claudio Lopez and in from the start was Pablo Aimar.
As against Nigeria, Argentina it was who made most of the running.
THEY CHANT: Argentina! Argentina! Argentina!
Aimar, an adventurous replacement for Veron, was running the show.
A point would suffice for Sweden.
Three, though, would be better.
Two goals in 31 minutes was by no means beyond this Argentine team.
But they couldn't afford to concede another.
Two minutes from time...
But that's how it would end.
TRANSLATION: We headed home after the first round when everyone had great
hopes of us reaching the final and becoming world champions.
Especially the players.
We were eliminated early,
and I don't know whether to say undeservedly,
because to say that would annoy some people.
Maybe it was bad luck. It remains a bad memory.
I think we had what it takes to go a lot further.
Much had been made of Cameroon's chances of doing as well
as they had at Italia '90.
But final preparations had been chaotic.
It had taken the African champions five days
to complete the journey to Japan.
Their German coach, Winnie Schafer, had pulled them round, however,
and despite taking four points from their opening two fixtures,
they were likely to need a victory against Germany
to keep their dream alive.
As for their opponents, they too were on four points.
It would have been six and certain qualification had
they not conceded a late equaliser to Ireland.
TRANSLATION: We would have preferred to have beaten Ireland,
but they were a good team.
We got a draw and as a result of that it all came down to the last game.
The Africans began well enough.
But good skill soon gave way to a string of fouls.
After 40 minutes, Carsten Ramelow received his second yellow card.
TRANSLATION: At half-time we were a man down
and fully aware that we couldn't afford to lose.
The game was on a knife edge.
You were either on your way home or you were going to finish
top of the group and move on.
Outnumbered but by no means outplayed,
Germany opened the scoring through substitute Marco Bode.
Cameroon had their moments.
But after a second yellow card for Patrick Suffo had cancelled out
Cameroon's numerical advantage, Germany sensed an opportunity.
A fifth goal in three games for Miroslav Klose.
-Despite having a man sent off at 0-0,
we played so well in the second half with ten men,
we even surprised Cameroon with how well we coped.
Oliver Kahn had a great game and many others played above themselves.
It was an excellent performance and we benefitted greatly from that.
The White Witch Doctor was performing miracles.
CROWD SINGS JAPANESE NATIONAL ANTHEM
Philippe Troussier's team followed up its first World Cup point against
Belgium with its first World Cup victory -
a 1-0 triumph over Russia.
Inamoto's second half goal was well-received not only in Yokohama
but also at various locations throughout the country,
where fans had gathered to watch the game on big screens.
Five days on, an expectant crowd had gathered in Osaka,
where a point against Tunisia would take Japan through to the last 16.
Tunisia had impressed in their draw with Belgium
and still had a mathematical chance of going through,
but they'd have to win by two clear goals.
Hidetoshi Nakata was living up to his superstar billing
in Japan's midfield.
Tunisia were being overrun.
A second Japanese goal was on the cards.
Nakata - the hero.
TRANSLATION: For me, in Osaka against Tunisia,
there was a feeling that we had completed the circle.
It was the ultimate reward for all of our hard work
and preparation over the previous four years.
That victory over Tunisia meant that we had realised our goal.
Japan had indeed qualified for the knockout stages.
The pressure was now on Korea to join their co-hosts
in the second round.
Having drawn 1-1 with the USA four days earlier,
a point was all they needed from the game with a resurgent Portugal.
Joao Pinto made Korea's task that much easier.
Having incensed them just minutes earlier,
the Argentine referee came to Portugal's rescue on this occasion.
Pauleta had scored this World Cup's second hat-trick
in Portugal's 4-0 victory over Poland.
Eh! Don't play the ball. Play it over there. Play, play, play.
Korea's numerical advantage was beginning to tell.
Pauleta remained Portugal's biggest threat.
A second yellow card for Beto reduced the Europeans to nine men.
It was time for Figo to prove his worth.
The sands of time were running out for Portugal.
TRANSLATION: We didn't play to the best of our ability
and ended up losing when a draw would have been enough to see us qualify.
There were some strange moments in the game and they prevented us
not only from winning but also from drawing the match.
It was a game in which almost everything happened.
Perhaps it was a game we were not supposed to win.
Having waited so long to appear on the game's greatest stage,
Portugal's golden generation had failed to live up to expectations.
Their demise was disappointing for the neutral
but good news for the Americans
who'd progressed at Portugal's expense.
after 48 matches in just 15 days, 16 teams were heading for home.
They included the champions France, not
so much disappointed as dazed and stunned -
"How on Earth had it happened?"
There was heartache for Africa -
Nigeria, Cameroon, Tunisia, South Africa, all gone.
It was up to Senegal now.
Of the two newcomers China had perhaps expected more
than they had achieved.
They had learned the hard way.
And for Slovenia it ended painfully. Zlatko Zahovic
was sent home after a bust-up with his coach, Srecko Katanec,
who announced his intention to resign ahead of Slovenia's
But even in defeat some had left a lasting impression.
South Africa had enjoyed their stay and added a note of cheerfulness
to the World Cup.
Only two teams had emerged from the group stages unscathed.
Spain was one of them.
Perhaps this was to be the occasion when they, at last,
achieved their potential?
The other was Brazil
and Luiz Felipe Scolari's team seemed to have rediscovered
their appetite for the big occasion. Whatever their chances
they and 15 other nations were now just four games from glory.
Reaching the knockout stages was a momentous achievement
for Senegal, who had been celebrating long and hard
since their game against Uruguay.
Sweden would be their opponents in the second round
and it was hoped the Africans hadn't been overdoing it.
They'd need all their energy in Oita where the temperature had reached
28 degrees before kickoff and where golden goal extra time
would be needed t separate the two teams.
Sweden were without the injured Freddie Ljungberg
who'd seen Henrik Larsson give the Scandinavians
the lead in normal time.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS SWEDISH
El Hadji Diouf's goals had been largely responsible
for Senegal's progress to these Finals.
The Serial Killer had been firing blanks
in front of goal since his arrival in Korea and Japan
although his all-round contribution had been a key factor
in Senegal's qualification for the knockout stages.
No surprise then that Africa's Player of the Year had had a hand
or, rather, a head in Senegal's equaliser.
And so to extra time, where the first goal would be decisive.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS SWEDISH
The 2002 World Cup's first penalty shoot-out was now
just 14 minutes away.
Henri Camara's strike was only the second golden goal
in World Cup history.
It was sayonara, Sweden.
Senegal celebrated another famous victory.
They'd defeated the world champions on opening night
and like Cameroon before them
had now progressed to the quarterfinals.
TRANSLATION: That will remain a huge moment for Senegal,
the players and myself. What we achieved was amazing
because the whole country was proud of its team.
For the first time people were hearing the name Senegal.
They knew nothing about the players before then.
We were the ambassadors for Senegal, it was important for the country
and for the president of the republic.
Spain were emerging as one of the favourites to
go and win the tournament for the very first time.
So often they'd underachieved at this level
but on this occasion had eased through the group stages
scoring three goals in each of their games.
There was a relaxed atmosphere at their camp in the south of
the Korean Peninsula where coach Jose Antonio Camacho
had been preparing for the knockout stages.
SINGING IN SPANISH
COME ON IRELAND!
Their opponents Ireland had recovered from the loss
of their captain, Roy Keane,
who had been thrown off the squad after a confrontation
with coach Mick McCarthy before their opening game.
They'd surprised even their most fervent supporters by making
it this far.
BAGPIPE MUSIC AND CHEERING
What the Irish players lacked in skill
they more than made up for in spirit
and their fans could expect their heroes to give it
everything they had against Spain.
Camacho had his faith.
Ireland had Robbie Keane.
A promising start by Mick McCarthy's men.
But it didn't last.
Just eight minutes in Fernando Morientes scored
Spain's tenth goal of the tournament.
Ireland were grateful to the officials for disallowing
three Spanish goals
and were therefore still in the game in the second half.
Swedish referee Anders Frisk offered Ireland another lifeline.
Ian Harte to bring them level...
Spain were again denied by the assistant referee.
Raul adjudged offside on this occasion.
Ireland continued to press.
But time was fast running out.
Hierro need only have waited a few more minutes to
swap shirts legally with Niall Quinn.
Robbie Keane saved Ian Harte's blushes
and it was on to extra time
which Spain would have to face with ten men
following an injury to substitute Albelda.
An injured Raul could only watch from the bench
as both teams came close to scoring the golden goal.
It was down to penalties now.
After four misses and with Spain leading 2-1,
Valeron had the chance to put his team into the quarterfinals.
On they went...
Steve Finnan kept Irish hopes alive.
After five missed penalties in the shoot-out
and six in the game as a whole, Gaizka Mendieta's goal
sent Spain through
and left Ireland to wonder what might have been.
Whilst the Irish said their goodbyes, a relieved Spanish squad
continued to dream of a first World Cup triumph.
Belgium were appearing in their sixth-consecutive finals
and, having squeezed through the group stages,
were rewarded, if that's the word, with a game against Brazil.
There were given little chance of stopping Scolari's squad
who'd scored 11 goals in their three group matches.
But in this tournament of shocks improbable dreams were being
realised all the time.
Having overcome Denmark 3-0 just 48 hours earlier, David Beckham
and his England team-mates awaited the winners.
The early evidence suggested that Belgium would provide
Ronaldo was spearheading the Brazilian attack
and linked up with the other two Rs, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho
for their first meaningful shot on goal.
Belgium scored first.
Or, at least, Wilmots thought he had.
Ronaldo continued to pose a threat at one end.
At the other, Wilmots was bringing the best out of Marcos.
Over an hour played and still no score.
HE SHOUTS IN PORTUGUESE
HE SHOUTS IN FLEMISH
-It was a difficult game.
In my opinion, it was our hardest game of the World Cup.
Belgium had a number of chances to score. It was tough.
But we managed to get a goal in the second half
and from then on things began to pick for Brazil.
Towards the end Ronaldo scored the second and we knew,
at that moment, that we were safely through.
Ronaldo's fifth goal of the tournament
put him one clear of Rivaldo
and level with Germany's Miroslav Klose
in the race for the World Cup's Golden Boot.
More importantly, it booked Brazil a place in the quarterfinals.
England were next.
Whilst Philippe Troussier's team had captured the imagination
of the Japanese public, some of the visiting fans had been
drawn to the Fujinomori Shrine in Kyoto
where Buddhist monks could be found playing kemari,
an early form of football first practised here some 1,400 years ago.
It was a far cry from the scenes of joy and celebration
that had followed Japan's victory over Tunisia,
a result that helped them
qualify for the second round for the first time in their history.
Four days on, the monsoon rains had arrived ahead of Japan's meeting
It was a game that was too close to call,
although the winners would stand a great chance of reaching
the semifinal after Senegal's defeat of Sweden.
Troussier changed his tactics for the game -
a move that seemed to confuse
his own players more than the opposition.
Turkey had failed to progress past the group stages
in their only previous World Cup appearance in 1954.
Umit Davala's early goal gave this team a great
chance of reaching the last eight.
Alex's free kick was his last contribution of the afternoon,
he and Inamoto were replaced at half time
as Troussier reverted to the system that had served them so well
in the group stages.
Japan needed Nakata now more than ever.
They certainly had their chances but this was not the Japan
that had impressed the watching world earlier in the tournament.
-It was, obviously, fantastic to play
against Japan in Japan.
Most of the fans in the stadium were supporting them and they
were, obviously, the favourites to win
but we did well in that game.
We were tactically very clever and after we'd gone 1-0 up
we continued to control the game and, I think,
we deserved to win.
-Today I felt very proud to have
been the coach of Japan, to have worn the Japanese colours
for the past four years.
I'd like to thank all those who've helped me,
I'd like to thank my players, all my staff,
all those who've supported me and I say "Bravo" to this Japanese
team which has behaved with dignity right to the very end.
As I said, I am proud to have been their coach.
The dream was over.
On June 18th all of Korea faced the prospect of being
woken from its dream.
Guus Hiddink's men had performed brilliantly
to top a group that included Portugal, Poland and the USA.
But they, surely, couldn't beat Italy?
The whole nation was talking about the last 16. In every paper...
I couldn't read them but you saw "16, 16, 16..."
so that reaching there, that was enough for many, many people.
For many, many people it was also enough for the first
win against Poland.
For me now... I thought, "This team can do a little bit more."
Daejeon's World Cup stadium was full to capacity
and the majority of the 38,000 fans inside
were sporting, the now regulation, red T-shirts.
This promised to be a clash of footballing cultures -
the attack-minded Koreans against the defensive Italians
who'd been given several reminders about their predecessors'
defeat by North Korea in '66.
-I remember everything about the game.
I remember my players going up to the referee before the game to say,
"Good evening." He chose to ignore them.
I remember perfectly how we had the penalty awarded against us
in the first few minutes.
It was a bad decision.
I always had faith in the ability of my players,
even without Nesta and Cannavaro I knew we had a good team.
13 minutes after Ahn's penalty miss Italy were ahead.
Tommasi should have increased that lead.
Come on! Come on!
Korea were in danger of going the same way as Japan.
They still believed.
So too did their heroes.
Seol's late, late strike had saved Korea.
The dream was still alive.
Italy had one last chance to win it in normal time.
Maldini's rash challenge offered Korea the first sight of a golden goal.
Italy also had their moments.
Totti's simulation earned him a second yellow card.
If Italy were to win they'd now have to do it the hard way.
The Italians did have what would later prove to be a good goal
disallowed but then should have been eliminated by Hwang Sun-Hong.
There were now just three minutes left on the clock.
To rub salt into Italian wounds, Ahn Jung-Hwan was on the payroll
of an Italian club, that is until Perugia cancelled
his contract following the Azzurri's elimination.
-I still remember everything.
Tommasi hit a shot straight at the goalkeeper, Vieri had that miss,
there was the incident with Totti.
I remember everything, it is all up here
and those memories will never be erased from my mind.
It promised to be a long afternoon for two of England's 23-man squad.
Not only would they face Brazil in a World Cup quarterfinal,
they'd also be required to give blood and urine samples to
FIFA's doping control officers,
part of the ongoing fight against the use of banned substances
in international football.
As at each of the 64 matches,
representatives of the two participating teams met with the
doping control officers following their arrival at the stadium.
To randomly select the four players who would undergo the tests.
For now their identity would remain a secret.
The two countries had met
three times before in the World Cup Finals.
On each occasion Brazil had gone on to lift the trophy.
12,000km away in Rio de Janeiro at 3.30am local time
fans had gathered for a public view.
A hopeful ball by Heskey...
..a mistake by Lucio...
Ronaldo had scored in each of Brazil's four games so far.
This would not be his day.
Then, in first-half injury time...
The tournament's best attack had breached the tournament's
Meanwhile, back in Rio...
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS PORTUGUESE
England now had to do what they hadn't done all tournament -
score in the second half.
First, though, Seaman and co had a free kick to defend.
-I was charged with taking all the free kicks
around the penalty area
and Cafu had already mentioned to me
that Seaman tended to stand a little way off his line.
He told me to keep an eye on him and so I did.
A few minutes before that free kick he said to me again,
"Have a look at the goalkeeper."
So when I came to take the kick I looked at him
and decided to go for the shot. Of course, I had no intention
of it curling in the way it did,
although I had planned to get the ball over his head.
The shot was perfect, I had managed to do what I had intended.
Seaman would never live it down.
Seven minutes' later a red card signalled the end of
Ronaldinho's afternoon. Well... almost.
He'd be required to give blood
and urine samples at the end of the match.
-It was a game in which everything
happened to me. First of all I laid on a beautiful pass
which set up the goal for Rivaldo. Then, I scored the free kick,
and finally, I got my self sent off. It was quite a game.
I'll never forget it.
Despite their numerical advantage England created few clear-cut chances.
Nicky Butt's header proved to be their last effort on goal
in this World Cup.
-My favourite match, apart from the final,
was the game against England.
Because it was a spectacular performance.
And the defence played very well.
It was also significant because, in that game,
we achieved what I said we would before I left Brazil.
Namely that we would
reach the last four.
So, for me as a coach, after what I had promised the Brazilian people
it was far more important to beat England and reach the semifinal
than to be crowned world champions.
Before they could look forward to the semifinal,
Cafu and Ronaldinho had an appointment with the
doping control officers, along with England's Rio Ferdinand
and Danny Mills.
The whole process was overseen by Professor Jiri Dvorak,
the chief medical officer for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
I check the numbers... here on the top.
The taking of blood samples was a first for the World Cup Finals
and was a move designed to detect the potential use of the
banned substance EPO.
In total, 256 players were tested during the 31 days of competition.
All results were the same.
OK, here we go. 22nd June. The results, Brazil, England.
The urine and blood samples all negative, no banned substance.
The United States had the worst record of all 32 nations at the
'98 World Cup.
Four years on lessons had been learnt.
Their isolated residence in France had been swapped
for a downtown hotel in Seoul. Wives and children had been invited along.
They'd also been sightseeing, a trip to Korea's demilitarised zone
one of several excursions the squad had undertaken.
Their quarterfinal opponents Germany were growing in confidence
after their defeat of Paraguay in the second round.
Rudi Voller had succeeded in restoring pride
in a team that had been vilified back home
for its performances at Euro 2000
and their 5-1 defeat by England during the qualifiers was now
but a distant memory.
There was a minute's silence before kickoff in memory of
Fritz Walter, West Germany's 1954 World Cup-winning captain.
We knew them well plus we have a number of players
that play in Germany, have played against them and
we felt that that's the team that we matched-up quite well against.
We knew their strengths and weaknesses and we stepped on that field,
really believing we could win the game and that's very critical
in games at that level.
America's Landon Donovan had a point to prove,
having failed to make the breakthrough in Germany.
But on his 50th appearance for Germany, Oliver Kahn
was in no mood to hand out favours.
The US had had just three days' rest since their victory
but appeared fresher than their opponents in the opening 45 minutes.
HE SPEAKS GERMAN
Hey, four, four!
The Germans were up against it and therefore at their most dangerous.
The hours spent on the training ground had paid dividends.
It was Michael Ballack's second goal of the tournament.
Klose should have made it 2-0 before the break.
The Americans had deserved their place in the last eight
and were not yet ready to throw in the towel.
Handball on the line.
But the penalty wasn't given.
That was clearly right there.
-They bombarded us in the second half.
They attacked from the first to the last minute
and probably had more chances than we did.
They nearly put us out.
But we had taken the lead in the first half
and that gave us strength and we killed the game,
unlike against Ireland when we conceded a goal in the 90th minute.
Add to that a bit of luck and Oliver Kahn who was fantastic in goal.
He denied them on several occasions.
In games like that you need a bit of luck
if you're going to go far, even so, we deserved to win.
Having seen of Portugal and Italy, Korea faced another European power -
Spain, with a place in the semifinals up for grabs.
Despite Raul's absence Spain came into the game as overwhelming favourites.
TRANSLATION: We approached the game against Korea
with a lot of respect, and caution.
We knew that home advantage would make them very strong.
The crowd had been a factor throughout
and had affected the performances of the other opponents.
The stadium in Gwangju, where the game was being played
was full to capacity.
As was the one in Busan where the match was being televised
on the big screen.
There were similar scenes in the capital Seoul.
There millions had descended on the city centre
to follow the action on another giant screen.
They had little to cheer in the opening 90 minutes.
And were grateful to the Egyptian referee who disallowed
Baraja's header for a spot of pushing.
Park Ji-Sung had Korea's best chance.
But Casillas was more than equal to the task.
HE SHOUTS IN SPANISH
Then, in extra time...
Spain were again denied.
This time by the assistant referee who decided
the ball had gone out of play.
The match officials were blameless on this occasion.
But as extra time reached its conclusion
the Spanish players continued to plead their case.
TRANSLATION: In Spain they criticised the referee a lot.
I remember Joaquin sent over a cross before
the ball had gone over the line.
For those of us on the pitch it was very clear.
A penalty shoot-out appeared to favour Spain
who'd seen off Ireland in similar fashion, of course.
Hwang SunHong opened the scoring.
But only just.
-I didn't have a particular strategy.
Although there was a thought at the back of my mind
that I shouldn't move
before the ball was kicked.
I knew that I had the ability to block,
at least the two of the five shots
because they were sure to be within my reach,
which was about one metre either side of where I was standing.
The first seven penalties all found the back of the net.
Up fourth for Spain, Joaquin.
He had saved them against Ireland, could he do the same again?
A nation - if not a continent, held its collective breath.
Asia had a representative in the semifinals of the World Cup
for the very first time.
-Defeating Spain meant just as much to me
as our first victory against Poland.
Having said that, there was a feeling of astonishment in the camp
as we realised that we had just made World Cup history.
We were, obviously, very happy but also extremely tired.
Whilst Spain caught a flight back to Europe, Korea journeyed
north to Seoul where news of their arrival
had attracted thousands of fans to the team's hotel.
SINGING IN KOREAN
OK, gentlemen, well, welcome to our, our briefing.
And this evening we are going to go over some of the,
some of the points which have occurred after yesterday's matches.
Throughout the tournament, George Cumming,
FIFA's head of refereeing presided over a daily debriefing
of the match officials.
Topics were discussed and decisions analysed in an attempt
to improve consistency.
There's no doubt about the red card. It's a brilliant decision.
Congratulation, great red card.
Inevitably, mistakes had been made, some more serious than others
and it was the assistant referees who came in
for most criticism.
We are watching the legs down here.
On the whole, however, the standard of officiating at this tournament
was proving to be higher than at any previous World Cup.
'Some wrong decisions were made, some wrong signals were made
'by assistant referees.'
I think, particularly, assistant referees and we've got to accept
that this was a mistake and we've got to try to improve
and lessen the number of mistakes that happen in the future.
Oliver Kahn had been in imperious form for Germany throughout
And was the main reason why the German players were now here for
the duration of a tournament they'd expected to be watching
on television by now.
On this, their 15th World Cup appearance,
Germany were about to play in their tenth semifinal.
Their opponents - Korea.
TRANSLATION: We were, obviously, well aware of the
strengths of the Korean team.
They had, after all, eliminated some top nations,
albeit with a bit of good fortune.
Nevertheless, they had played well. As in our previous games
we weren't the outsiders but I'd say our chances were 50/50
against the host nation
but I knew that if we concentrated and kept things tight
we'd have a good chance of winning the game.
The now familiar sea of red washed over Seoul's World Cup stadium,
the venue for Senegal's upset of France, of course.
Germany's Carsten Ramelow had the game's first shot on goal.
Lee WoonJae had long since idolised Oliver Kahn
who continued to give a goalkeeping masterclass.
Not even Klose could find a way past Lee.
Germany's chances of winning the tournament were dealt a huge blow
on 71 minutes.
-I could have picked up a yellow card
against the USA and then I would have missed the semifinal.
Maybe we wouldn't have qualified or maybe I would have been available
for the final.
But that's hypothetical, you just go out and play
and either something happens or nothing happens at all.
Obviously, when you do get a yellow card it's extremely disappointing
because you know you are going to be suspended.
It was a bitter pill to swallow, knowing that I couldn't take part
in what would have been the biggest game of my career.
Despite his obvious disappointment, Ballack didn't let that decision
affect his game.
Germany's number 13, who else, with the all-important first goal.
Korea had twice scored late on against Italy
and would get their chance here.
Park's tired effort summed up Korea's evening.
After the exertions of the past few weeks their legs had called time
on one of the World Cup's great adventures.
The third-consecutive 1-0 win for Germany.
They were through to their seventh World Cup final.
Korea were out but so too was Ballack.
TRANSLATION: I thanked him for what he'd done in that match and in
the earlier games when he hadn't been 100% fit.
He'd been fantastic. I tried to comfort him, but, as you can imagine,
it was very difficult.
Korea's dream was over. Any initial feelings of disappointment
soon gave way to an enormous sense of pride.
Reaching the semifinal had been a tremendous achievement
and there was much for the fans, the players and their coach
to look back on.
There were many fantastic moments because it was, like, being in
a tunnel of success and then it's very hard to pick out one moment
but...the way players celebrated...
after, after a goal, a decisive goal, was tremendous,
because in the early days I couldn't see what their emotions were.
But then they were going and being almost ecstatic.
It was a nice experience to see them celebrating a victory or a goal.
Korea would lose the third-place play-off but that mattered little.
There was much to celebrate and that was something an entire
country had done in style throughout the competition.
THEY SING AND CHANT
Brazil's semifinal opponents were Turkey.
Senol Gunes' squad had finally seen off the challenge of Senegal.
Substitute Ilhan Mansiz scoring a truly golden goal.
The victory had triggered wild celebrations throughout Turkey
where Gunes and his team had been heavily criticised
a little under two weeks earlier
following their uninspiring start to the competition.
Brazil and their coach in particular were wary of their opponents
who had grown in confidence
since losing to the South Americans in their opening game.
Turkey were ready to exact their revenge.
TRANSLATION: After losing the first game to Brazil we were well prepared
for a repeat of the incidents such as the one involving Rivaldo.
We had given that first game a lot of thought
and wanted to acquit ourselves better second time around.
Turkey had adopted a more attacking formation than they had when the two
teams had met in Ulsan
and Alpay came close to giving them an early lead.
It wasn't long, though, before Brazil got their passing going.
Captain Cafu should have scored.
Brazil continued to put pressure on the Turkey goal.
On each occasion,
they found their attacks thwarted by an inspired Rustu.
0-0 at the break.
Brazil's number nine got the second half off to a spectacular start.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS PORTUGUESE
TRANSLATION: It was a tough game
and I had a few chances in the first half.
The Turkish team was starting to put us under pressure.
We improved in the second half and then I went on this run.
I took the ball into the penalty area and hit it with my toe.
It proved to be the winning goal. For me, it was an unforgettable game.
Turkey had their chances to equalise.
Hakan Sukur's late effort was as close as they came.
Turkey's fairy tale run had finally come to an end,
although they would defeat Korea in the third-place play-off.
After six straight wins, Brazil were now just one game from glory.
So, after 63 games in 30 days, it was almost all over.
Asia's first World Cup had been a hugely enjoyable experience.
The average attendance of 42,000 was lower than the two previous tournaments.
There were fans who couldn't get tickets,
although it was easy for them to keep up with the action.
Wherever they were.
For those who travelled here,
the experience had been relaxed and comfortable,
although some cross-cultural activities took some explaining.
And because the television coverage of this World Cup had been
more comprehensive than ever before,
everyone was drawn closer to the colour and excitement of the event.
And the enthusiasm.
Without a hint of aggression.
The watching world had learned a great deal more about Asia.
And so to Yokohama. The final.
A meeting of two of the World Cup's most successful nations.
Amazingly, Brazil and Germany had never before met in the tournament's 72 year history.
TRANSLATION: We knew that the Brazilian style would suit us.
Obviously, they had world-class players in their squad
and it was clear that we wouldn't be able
to shut them out of game completely.
There was a greater chance of us losing the match than winning it
but we knew we would get our chances.
At 25, Ronaldo was about to be involved in his third World Cup final.
A nonplaying substitute in '94, he failed to perform at his peak
in '98, following a reported seizure on the morning of the game.
TRANSLATION: My desire to finally exorcise the ghost
of the World Cup in France was a key factor
because I could still taste that defeat.
I therefore committed myself 100% to the Brazilian national team
in the hope of overcoming that disappointment
and achieving a great victory.
The Emperor of Japan and the Korean President were both in attendance.
They could be proud of what their two nations had achieved,
both on and off the field.
The dignitaries were joined in the stadium by almost 70,000 spectators,
among them Michael Ballack.
TRANSLATION: I had to sit on the bench and watch.
I couldn't do anything, although I was just as nervous.
You have very little influence
and realise what it must be like for a coach.
You prepare the team and see them onto the pitch
but then you have to sit and watch from the bench.
You can't do anything but watch
and hope that everything will turn out well.
Pierluigi Collina was entrusted with refereeing the final.
It was a game that was watched by a worldwide television audience
approaching 1 billion.
Tens of thousands of those followed the action on giant screens
in Rio and Munich.
They saw Germany take the game to Brazil.
Miroslav Klose was still in the hunt for the tournament's golden boot.
Ronaldinho had served his suspension
and was restored to Brazil's starting line-up.
He and Ronaldo were still on the same wavelength.
Germany began to tire as the first half wore on.
Kleberson almost made them pay.
There was still time for the tournament's best striker
to test the tournament's best keeper.
Confidence remained high in Rio and Munich.
Germany started the second half as well as they had the first.
Jeremies went close from a corner
and then Neuville tried his luck from distance.
Kahn was showing signs of being human after all.
Neuville continued to make a nuisance of himself
in and around Brazil's penalty area.
Ronaldo had been quiet since the break,
perhaps dwelling on his missed opportunities in the first half.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS PORTUGUESE
Germany pushed on in search of the equaliser.
Jeremies again denied.
12 minutes after falling behind,
Germany lost all hope of winning a fourth World Cup.
COMMENTATOR SPEAKS PORTUGUESE
The tournament's 161st goal was Ronaldo's eighth in this tournament.
His 12th in World Cup finals overall.
A Brazilian record he now shared with Pele.
Bierhoff went close for Germany
but nothing was going to spoil Brazil's party.
Collina blew the final whistle on the first World Cup of the 21st century,
allowing Brazilians everywhere to celebrate a fifth world crown.
Ronaldo claimed the golden boot, Oliver Kahn the golden ball.
But he would have swapped that for the greatest prize of all.
TRANSLATION: Being a world champion changes everything.
I know things will never be the same again.
Whatever happens from now on I will always be a world champion.
-This title has brought the players and the country great joy.
Brazil is an impoverished land
and this triumph has given everyone a huge lift.
TRANSLATION: It's beautiful, it's wonderful.
There are no words to describe how happy we all are.
And how much love I have received from the Brazilian people.
-When the game was over we celebrated like crazy
but it didn't really sink in until the following day.
We were looking at one another and saying, "We are champions of the world,"
or rather, "We are five-time champions of the world."
An in-depth documentary looking back on the 17th edition of the World Cup, played in Japan and South Korea - the only time the tournament has been staged across two countries. Brazil lifted the trophy for the fifth time in the competition's history.