Celebration Primary Class Clips


Celebration

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Every year, on 13th and 14th April,

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millions of Sikhs all around the world

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celebrate their most holy day in their calendar, Vaisakhi.

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Yes, the celebrations serve a dual purpose - on one hand,

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it's the chance to have a sense of celebration and occasion for Sikhs,

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but it's also seen as the beginning of harvest,

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which indicates a time of happiness.

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The days are marked with street processions

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and the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book,

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is carried in a place of honour.

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As well as chanting scriptures,

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singing and dancing is very much a part of the celebrations,

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and we're lucky enough to be joined by the 4x4 Junior Bhangra Group

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to give us a bit of a demo.

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BHANGRA DRUMMING

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Hey!

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Hey! Hey!

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Hey! Hey!

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Hey!

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Hey! Hey!

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Hey!

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Hey!

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OFF-KEY TIN WHISTLE MELODY

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Morris dancing - it's as English as fish and chips, isn't it?

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But what's it all about?

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Your town, village or whatever

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would have had a traditional dance. You've got the Cotswolds,

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there's a lot of dances from there.

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The dances we do come from the borders of England and Wales.

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We've also got northwest dances.

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Obviously, that's from the cotton mills of the northwest of England.

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East Anglia - you've got molly dancing from there.

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From the Sheffield area, you've got sword dancing

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because of... the pieces of steel, anyway.

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In the coal mining areas of Yorkshire, you have rapper,

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and the rapper is a short sword,

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but also, it was used to clean pit ponies.

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INDISTINCT SPEECH

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'At the time of the Reformation,

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'people were stopped from celebrating a lot of religious things,

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'whether they were pagan or Christian, it didn't really matter.

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'So, they blacked their faces so you didn't know who was doing it.'

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RAUCOUS PLAYING AND WHISTLING

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100 years ago,

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dances from this area were collected by a chap called Cecil Sharp

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and he wrote down what he saw,

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and this information is stored in Cecil Sharp House in London.

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When you start a morris dance side,

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or you're interested to start a side,

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you get information from Cecil Sharp House,

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which is your framework and you build on that framework.

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You see a lot of people using sticks and bells.

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We'll always have bells on.

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The sticks, when they beat the ground with them, or clash them,

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it was to frighten away evil spirits and to bring fertility to crops.

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And the bells were the same - it was a noise that you made

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to wake up the spring and have a good harvest after.

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ACCORDIONS PLAY, BELLS JINGLE

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The side from York have devised their own dance,

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adding to the tradition. So, what does it all mean?

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Well, that particular dance was called Wiltshire Wedding

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and it used to be danced at a wedding

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to celebrate the couple...couple's nuptials, I suppose that's the word.

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And the idea is that the figure of eight that we do

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is to signify everlasting love.

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And at the end, when we make the circle with these garlands,

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the couple should be in the middle.

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BELLS JINGLE

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-What's the story of this dragon, then?

-The dragon?

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Most morris sides have got a dragon or a horse or a donkey,

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or something similar.

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An animal normally accompanies morris sides when they're dancing.

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It started life as Old Nick, the Devil.

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In morris dancing, there are circles

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and circles are magic, the Magic Circle,

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which Old Nick, the Devil, must never enter.

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RAMSHACKLE BRASS MUSIC AND BELLS

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ACCORDION MUSIC AND BELLS

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The type of dancing that we do is called Welsh border morris.

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And it is thought that the working class, back several hundred years,

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would sew lively, colourful bits of ribbon on their coats.

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It was also thought that they were derived from poachers' jackets,

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an early form of camouflage-type jacket to hide in the undergrowth.

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Handkerchiefs are normally done by Cotswold morris dancers.

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They represent court dances of the 17th century.

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They are basically a mickey-take of the hierarchy and the gentry.

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The hat is also feathers from spoils,

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from game, from animals that have been caught.

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Aaaah!

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-WHISTLING

-Yeahhhhh!

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Samba is the principal music and dance

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of Brazilian city Rio de Janeiro.

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It has fast-paced rhythmic movement and bright, imaginative costumes.

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The dance is often accompanied by percussion instruments

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and sometimes a small guitar, the cavaquinho.

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Samba's origins date back to the 16th century

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and combine elements of Portuguese culture

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from the settlers who colonised Brazil

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and traditions of the African slaves that came there.

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Many types of samba have evolved since then.

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Today, the most famous display of samba happens

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at the annual carnival in Rio de Janeiro.

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This attracts hundreds of thousands of performers and spectators

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every year.

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-Andy, I know you've wanted to do samba for so long...

-Yes.

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-..now you're getting your chance!

-Jackson, welcome. Guys, welcome.

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-What's the first move I'm going to learn?

-The box, kick and step.

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The box, kick and step.

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-So, right...

-OK.

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-Left, right.

-Uh-huh.

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So, right, left, left, right... OK, I like this.

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-Left, right, left...

-Right. Even Gethin's picking it up!

-I know!

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I'm way off.

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-OK.

-Now, can we get more exciting?

-OK.

-A bit more interesting.

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-We're going to ask you to do a kick.

-A kick with it? All right.

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Right, so... Left,

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-kick!

-OK, so on the first step you kick back?

-Exactly.

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It reminds me of the four corners of the box.

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-The four corners of the box, exactly.

-OK.

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-Right, left, right, left...

-Kick!

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-THEY LAUGH

-Right, left... Kick!

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I'm excited, I really am!

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-It's getting there!

-Yeah!

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There's a big smile on his face, that's the most important thing!

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The next step we're going to learn is the samba sequence.

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OK.

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-You're going to step your right foot...

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-Right foot back.

-Looks tricky.

-Left foot.

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-Right foot again.

-Right foot again.

-Left and turn.

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Oh, OK, OK, this one's interesting, OK!

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So, right foot, left foot, left foot and turn again!

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And your hat!

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And your hat again. She seems to be doing it quicker, can we speed up?

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Five, six, seven, eight -

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One, two, three, four,

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-five, six...

-Nice! I like that!

-Not bad! It's nearly there!

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SAMBA DRUMMING

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APPLAUSE

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Nice! I'm feeling the groove! How was that compared to my box step?

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Very good, you're definitely getting that Brazilian xinga.

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I love that word, "xinga"! What's the next step?

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Your next step, you're going to try to learn the basic samba.

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-The basic samba, OK.

-Exactly.

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-So, basically, you move your hips first.

-OK, start with my hips first.

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The rhythm is one, two, one, two.

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TOGETHER: One, two, one, two.

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If you think about the rhythm, it's a double-time there.

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-One, two, one, two...

-TOGETHER: One, two, one, two...

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-Basically...

-Move your feet.

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I'm basically swinging my hips from left to right

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and moving my feet at the same time. Julia's doing it quickly,

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-can we try and speed it up?

-Shall we?

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Five, six, seven, eight.

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One, two...

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HE LAUGHS

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What do I need to remember?

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Just keep my body straight, or...?

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-Just remember the beats.

-OK.

-One, two, one, two, one, two, one, two.

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OK, think of the beat. One, two, three, four,

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one, two... D'you know what, I love this!

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Now, it's time for the moment of truth.

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He's looking forward to it, he's got a big smile on his face.

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Alongside the London School Of Samba, it's Andy Akinwolere! Take it away!

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SAMBA DRUMMING

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CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

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ALL: Well, saal mubarak!

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Which means Happy Diwali!

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Diwali is celebrated by Hindus all over the world.

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It's like New Year celebrations,

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when families and friends get together.

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There are firework displays, parties, presents

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-and fabulous feasts.

-Diwali means "Festival of Light",

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so Hindus light "diwas", or candles, around their homes

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to celebrate the safe return of Lord Rama

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after rescuing his wife Sita

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from Ravana, the ten-headed demon.

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Rangoli patterns are placed on the doorsteps of homes

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to welcome happiness and good fortune.

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TRADITIONAL INDIAN MUSIC

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-APPLAUSE

-So, why are you dancing with sticks?

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The gods Radha and Krishna, they used to play with it

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and it's a tradition that's been carried on since then.

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It can't just be girls that do this...

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Nope, anyone any age can do it.

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-Can I have a pair of sticks and have a go?

-Yep.

-Lovely.

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-Show us what to do.

-Hold it in the middle.

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-GIRLS: Then twirl it round your head.

-OK.

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-Yeah, like that.

-Right.

-GIRLS: Remember to hop.

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So, we'll start up here. We'll have a bit of music

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and see how we get on, cos I did have a little practice earlier.

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INDIAN MUSIC

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Oh, here we go, look at this...

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Forgot a little bit there, but guys, what did you think to that?

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Subtitles by Red Bee Media Ltd

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E-mail [email protected]

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Educational programme for five- to eleven-year-olds exploring celebratory dances from bhangra to samba, and dandiya raas to morris dancing. Features dances associated with festivals including Vaisakhi, Diwali and Mardi Gras.


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