09/02/2017 100 Days


As President Trump takes office, Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping the world.

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Donald Trump's own pick for the Supreme Court criticises him


Senators say Neil Gorsuch spoke emotionally of his concern


He certainly expressed to me that he's disheartened


by the demoralising and abhorrent comments made by President Trump


The President signs executive orders to fight criminal cartels


We're in Montana to witness protests for and against refugees.


They once defeated communism, now its a fight against corruption,


and the people of Romania are not giving in.


For Republicans, the journey to the White House


So, a year on, what do people in the Granite State


It's always good to get out of Washington and come to New York.


on a day when there's a massive snow storm outside -


Here's what Manhattan actually looks like today,


Don't give away all the secrets! They will think that I'm not sitting


in a posh office overlooking the Thames!


blowing through Congress at the moment.


The latest storm relates to Donald Trump's pick


The man he nominated last week is Neil Gorsuch -


he's now paying courtesy calls on Capitol Hill


to build support for his confirmation.


But one of those Senators, Richard Blumenthal,


the Democrat from Conneticut, revealed after their meeting


with Donald Trump's attacks on the judiciary.


My strong hope is that he will be more vehement publicly.


He certainly expressed to me that he's disheartened


by the demoralising and abhorrent comments made by President Trump


The revelation found its way onto the front pages of the papers -


it was the lead story on breakfast TV shows,


and spurred this response from the President.


My colleague, Laura Trevelyan, is in Washington.


Here is what extraordinary about all of this, it seems like Mr Gorsuch


went into this meeting, made these criticisms and said, can you tell


the world about this? Remember that he wants to be


confirmed as a Supreme Court justice and by saying that he doesn't like


the President's attack on the independent judiciary, it makes him


a good nominee for the highest court of the land in the eyes of fellow


judges, in the eyes of most right-thinking people, and for him,


hopefully, he's trying to persuade Democrats not to filibuster him out


of existence. The Democrats are mad, they want to stop at least one of


President Trump's nominations. All very complex.


Some Republicans and some Democrats particularly would think, this is a


man who knows his own mind, who can speak freely, which is what they


want. Of course. There is nothing else that Gorsuch could say, faced


with the President attacking the independence of the judiciary, not


only district Court judges but the bedrock appeals judges, who could


rule on his devotional immigration ban. So this is exactly what he had


to say. Also to reassure Republicans as well that he is not just a tool


of the President. The fact is that President Trump might not like him


as much as when he nominated him. Falling out with the boss already!


These executive orders as well, things have been happening in the


White House other than just being said. What are these crime orders


about? President rubbing his inauguration speech painted a


picture of American carnage, not just manufacturing jobs shouted


across the rust belt, but also an image of America in the grip of


violent crime. He signed three different executive orders, one


cracks down on drug cartels, which are spreading across the country, he


says, and the other one sets up a task force on how to reduce violent


crime. He says it is going to be a new era of justice. Although violent


crime has gone up in a couple assist these -- a couple of cities,


overall, violent crime levels are lower than they were were at the


high point in the 1980s. Thank you. Actually, Mr Trump's been


busy today on Twitter. Apart from the issue


of Judge Gorsuch, he's also attacked Republican


Senator John McCain, who had questioned the success


of last week's raid in Yemen, He had said that he could not see


how the downing of an aircraft and the death of a serviceman as a


success. This row has been going on. This is that we'd we got today from


the President. It is a 3-part tweet. So the president doesn't want this


to be painted in anyway as a failure.


No, and Sean Spicer, his spokesperson has a ready said that


anyone who does suggest this is failure is denigrating the memory of


that serviceman. That begs a question how Donald Trump, all


through the political campaign, can attack the war in Iraq, where 4000


servicemen were killed. It doesn't quite make total sense. He has got


to be careful about John McKay. Donald Trump only has a two seat


majority in the Senate. If he annoys John McCain too much, at some point


the senator is going to turn around and say, I will not stick with you


any more, and that could be a big problem down the road for Donald


Trump! And not just on its opinion


of the President Yes, but for all the controversy


that's followed Mr Trump these first three weeks,


his approval ratings are higher than they were at the time


of the inauguration. Just under 50% now approve


of the job he is doing. And, according to another poll out


yesterday, the majority of Americans think Donald Trump's travel ban


is a good thing. And many certainly feel that way


in the Republican state of Montana. Aleem Maqbool has


been to investigate. I believe that what we've


seen with our President This is a man who


couldn't be happier. He is heavily involved in local


politics, and he's a preacher. His Christian compassion, though,


does not extend to those he feels If they come among us


and then try to enact If groups of radical Islamic people


begin to show up who will eventually attempt to harm how women,


those militant people need to understand that the women


of Montana are armed. He says those who are protesting


against Donald Trump's immigration policies do not represent


the real America. This is a local rally


in support of the refugees. Not a bad turnout for a weekday


lunchtime in the snow. But these are certainly not


the loudest voices on this issue The state has one of the most


high-profile anti-immigrant campaigns and, before the election,


had one of the biggest anti-refugee The anger for many is directed


mainly at Muslims, something local


politicians are tapping into - After days of debate,


the state Senate has just passed a bill to say Sharia law


can't be applied in Montana. This woman and her family arrived


here just a couple of months ago. They fled Eritrea with no choice


about where the UN sent them. After more than four years


of vetting, they landed in Montana - nervous, shy about


talking on camera, and to this storm


of anti-immigrant sentiment. What's striking in Montana


is all the focus on immigration is happening in an entire state


the size of Germany with a population of just 1 million,


where fewer than 20 refugee families have been resettled


since the mid-90s. But as far as many here


and across America are concerned, there is simply no room


for the immigrants, to whom the door


should be firmly shut. And those statistics interesting?


Just 20 refugees and migrants since 1990. I watch that earlier and there


are similarities with what happened here during the referendum vote, the


Brexit vote, last year. There were parts of the country where there was


high net migration that voted to remain in the EU, and vice versa.


Areas with low net migration where they voted to leave to stop


Hartlepool in the north of the country was a place like that, low


net migration, can be Ireland another. It seemed to be the theory


of migration or the concern about migration, and that they -- that


might be well founded there might be problem is with jobs. It was the


fear of migration rather than the direct impact.


Maybe once you know immigrants come you feel differently about migration


in general. Because this is such a big issue at the ballot box,


countries all over the world are speaking out on it. In Germany,


there were plans to speed up the deportation of failed asylum


seekers. Here, the cupboard has been


defending its cap on the number of refugee children coming into this


country. Only 350 children would be brought in, far fewer than the 3000


that were originally asked for. There are still so many


children in need of help. She knows there are thousands


in Greece, in overcrowded


accommodation, or homeless. Or in Italy, still at risk


of human trafficking. Or teenagers in French centres


which are being closed down, They are heading back to Calais,


back to Dunkirk, back to the mud, back to the danger, back into


the arms of the people traffickers and the smugglers,


the exploitation, the abuse, the prostitution rings,


and back into the modern slavery that this parliament and this


government has pledged to end. The French are very clear


that they are now processing the children who have come out


of the Calais camp. But one of the things that stops


the children cooperating with the French authorities


is the hope of being taken into the Dubs Amendment


and coming to the UK. They are clear with us that


if they are to manage those children which I think is what she wants,


as well as I want - then making it clear that that is


not going to be definitely open Strong statements. This has been a


big issue in Britain, with child migrants coming in. It is not an


issue here in terms of Muslims coming in, or people coming in from


the Middle East. The geography of America means they would have to get


on a plane by themselves. You don't get a lot of children coming in. We


have had children coming across the southern border full to view had a


load of teenagers and young kids picked up, coming in from Mexico,


put into camps. That was something that double trap made an issue.


It has been a situation here with the cab and Calais, right on the


doorstep. The Government have been making a strong point today that it


pays more than other countries in Europe to the problem in the Middle


East, over ?2 billion. They said today they have offered places to


8000 children to come in some form. The problem they have got, and this


is what some of the politicians were pointing out today, is there is real


stress and local authorities. Their heart -- thereon 250 local


authorities with responsibilities for these, they have offered barely


two places each. They will put more pressure on local government to do


more to take some of the children in.


You can imagine what the reaction might be if Donald Trump had


announced something like a cap on child refugees!


Donald Trump's controversial nominee for Attorney General, Jeff Sessions,


was confirmed by the Senate last night.


And, earlier, he was sworn-in at the White House.


with just one Democrat voting for Mr Sessions.


It came after a series of divisive hearings


focusing on the Alabama senator's record on civil rights.


has sent condolences after a Russian air strike


accidentally killed three Turkish soldiers in northern Syria.


The soldiers were supporting Syrian rebels in efforts to capture


the city of al-Bab from so-called Islamic State.


Although Russia and Turkey back opposing sides in the war,


the incident comes after a warming of ties between the two countries.


I think the snowstorm has defeated us for a moment, and you may have


lost the beautiful view behind me! Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe


is in Washington tomorrow to meet the President


to discuss security and trade before heading off to play


golf with Donald Trump at his resort in Palm Beach,


Florida, over the weekend. It is, of course, a key


strategic relationship - in fact, Mr Abe was an early


visitor to Trump Tower but President Trump did attack Japan


during the election campaign for "making it impossible"


for the US to sell cars there. Our Tokyo correspondent,


Rupert Wingfield Hayes, has been taking a look at


whether his claim is entirely fair. President Donald Trump


says it's not fair that Americans buy millions


of Japanese cars every year, and the Japanese buy


hardly any American cars. Last year, only 13,000 American cars


were sold here in Japan. So why is it the Japanese don't buy


American cars like this one? It's not just that this car is


"yuge", as Donald Trump might say - you may have noticed that the wheel


is on the wrong side for Japan, and then take a look


at the fuel consumption. It's about double what my


Toyota normally uses. So, in Japan, these tiny little cars


are called Kei cars. They can't be


more than 1.5 metres wide, and the engine can only be 660cc,


and they sell tonnes of them here - 1.7 million of them last year,


40% of all the cars sold in Japan. It's actually not true that Japanese


people don't buy foreign cars. Of course, they're not


American cars, they're German. And I understand you have actually


owned an American car? I liked how it looked


but when I started driving it, I feel like it's very cheap,


and doesn't feel safe. Also, the service is not so good


as with the German car. Japan charges no import


tax on a car like this, but America charges up to 25%


import tax on Japanese cars. So maybe it's time for America


to stop complaining Let's get more now


with Sheila Smith, an expert on Japanese


politics and foreign policy. Good to see you. The Americans don't


make cars for Japanese people, really? Exactly. I loved your


segment, by the way. What are they going to do about it? This is what


is called global competition, isn't it? Right, and the challenge has


always been that the American car-makers have to invest in making


cars that the Japanese consumers will want to buy. There has been a


long narrative of turf barriers in Japan, but you have to compete. That


is really what the challenge for our companies is in Japan. But Japanese


car companies to provide jobs for Americans, a lot of them. When the


president had all of those car workers into the Oval Office last


week, it was noticeable that he did not have Toyota in with him. It


seems that the Japanese cannot go win in this relationship, another


sign that the balance of power is shifting to China not America. They


have a friend in the White House? We will have to see. The president is


coming tomorrow. -- the Prime Minister is coming tomorrow. They


will be on the relaxed setting of a golf course on Saturday, when I can


talk about what has changed in the structure of both of their


economies. Toyota, Nissan, Honda, lots of Japanese car-makers have


invested in the United States. They are part and parcel of the American


economy. It is partly what Mr Trump has to understand as he begins to


think about how to talk to Japan about the future of our economic


partnership. Just a quick one, because we are out of time, but we


hear that Justin Trudeau is coming from Canada on Monday. Mr Trump's


supporters say they have got a lot of people on the one at the moment,


they are making efforts to make sure the deals are being done. They are


close allies with the United States, as well as economic partners. Mr


Trudeau said he would be willing to renegotiate the trade deal. There is


a lot of support for that on Capitol Hill. We will have to watch that of


negotiations to understand what Washington once, and I expect the


Japanese will be watching as well. OK, thank you for being with us.


The street protests in Romania this past week


the last days of the tyrant Nicolae Ceausescu.


the Romanians have packed the streets of the capital, Bucharest,


demanding the government throws out a law


that would have reduced penalties for corruption.


One immediate beneficiary of that law would have been


the chair of the governing Socialist Democratic Party,


that would stop him becoming a future Prime Minister.


Now the man who drew up the decree, the Justice Minister,


has resigned and the bill looks set to be rescinded.


Let's speak to the BBC's Nick Thorpe in Bucharest.


We see more people behind you, so they are not giving up, are they?


That's right. I'm standing in Victoria Square he in front of the


Government building. If I haven't lost count already, the tenth


consecutive day of protests. They began with the attempt by the


incoming social Democrat led government to pass a controversial


decree. The road testers came out on the streets because they said that


would have changed three paragraphs of the penal code in Romania and


would have weakened the anti-corruption fight here in


Rumania. It is a country that is perhaps often unfairly seen as a


corrupt country. It has a very tough anti-corruption directorate, an


agency which has managed to prosecute 1200 people, convicted


1200 people in the last three years. That included ministers, even a


former prime in a step. So many people have gone to prison, and the


decree would have let them out. That has now been revoked, but the


protesters asked along the square. Christian use the phrase people


power at the beginning of the programme, and this is an


extraordinary display of that. They got what they wanted legislatively,


will they get the fall of the Government as well? That is what


they are calling for. One of the big chance here is, "Resign!" They have


achieved two big successes, they have forced the Government with


these protests to revoke the decree. Today, they forced the resignation


of the Justice Minister, but they say it is not enough. Just by


attempting to change this legislation in what they say was a


brazen way, to get their own people out of jail as well as other


politicians and civil servants and so on, they are trying to pressure


rise the Government further. They want the whole government to resign.


Obviously cold conditions here, people still coming out onto the


streets, not only in Bucharest but other cities as well, Braddock lies


in bed demands, as crowds did in 1989. We will watch that closely


over the weekend. Thank you very much. Here's an example to you, out


in the cold with a scarf on. Braving the snow. What are you suggesting?!


That I am a wimp? That I had to come into this nice warm studio? I can't


believe it! I thought we were on the same team.


You're watching 100 Days from BBC News.


Still to come for viewers on the BBC News Channel and BBC World News:


He won the New Hampshire Primary 12 months ago,


taking a big step towards the White House -


what do his supporters think of the job Mr Trump is doing now?


And have you noticed anything "Trumpish"


Is what we're hearing from politicians here


inspired by the President over there?


That's still to come on 100 Days, from BBC News.


Good evening. What a difference a Day makes. Yesterday, we had some


blue skies, sunshine and warmth across the western half of the UK,


with double figures. Disappointing on the East Coast. Asa Miller story


today. It has felt noticeably colder on the West Coast, with a high of


four Celsius. A lot of cloud across the UK. Temperatures struggled to


climb up above 1 degrees. That cold feel will continue overnight. The


risk of some showers, rain and sleet on the coast. With any height, it


will be sleet and snow. A cold night with temperatures just below


freezing, a frost is likely to start our day on Friday. Still the risk of


some showers and the East, and that will continue. A lot of cloud around


on Friday. The best of any brightness is really across western


fringes, and up into Scotland. By the middle of the afternoon, some


glances of sunshine in Cornwall. It will not be warm, and certainly more


in the way of cloud generally across England and Wales. It part of East


Anglia and ligature, some showers and temperatures struggling to climb


above one of 2 degrees. Out of the Isle of Man, Lake District, Northern


Ireland and Scotland, we may continue to see some windows of


sunshine. Still chilly and a scattering of showers to the far


north-east. Those clear skies will allow the temperatures to form a


baby be sharply overnight, down from those of minus ten. At the same


time, more organised show drifting in. These are of sleet and snow,


which could lead to a Kim Lee laces of sleet -- accumulations on higher


ground. A cold day generally on Saturday. Sunday, a different day,


the same old story. A lot of cloud, still the easterly breeze with a


scattering of showers. Temperatures may be just a degree or so higher,


between four and 6 degrees. Still pretty chilly. There are signs of


something starting to change as we move into next week, but this area


of low pressure moves in. The isobars will be squeezing, but


perhaps a little less cold. Donald Trump's own pick


for the Supreme Court criticises him Senators say Neil Gorsuch spoke


to them about his concern over A year ago today, Donald Trump


won a crucial victory What do voters there


make of him now? Today marks one year


since Donald Trump's overwhelming victory in the New Hampshire


Primary. It was his first major step


towards the White House. And although Hillary Clinton ended


up winning the state in November, enthusiasm for Trump


still runs deep. Rajini Vaidyanathan went back


to the granite state, where the motto is "Live Free


or Die", to ask voters what they thought of candidate Trump


then, and what they make Just like the person he voted for


McKeith is a businessman who works in the hotel industry. The owner of


a small construction company, he is a registered independent, so doesn't


vote along party lines. If you were just a politician, I wouldn't have


voted for him. He connected with the New Hampshire people, because of the


spirit of independence that they have. Donald Trump's dreams of


becoming President were built on his first victory in the Republican


primary in this state. Now he's in office, Keith has no complaints.


Have I disagreed with anything that he's done thus far? No. Is he doing


a good job? Yes, I think he's doing exactly what we elected him to do.


How many of you voted for Donald Trump in the New Hampshire primary?


None of us did. By election day, all but one of these Republican women


voted for Donald Trump. Everyone here agrees the President should be


given a chance, but there are divisions over policy, like his


temporary travel ban. Right now it's a 90 day ban. All the demonstrators


and the women's walk and everything else they are doing, they are doing


things before anything happened. There wasn't enough thought to the


roll-out of that executive order and how it was going to affect people.


Sometimes he does come across as cross and I think everyone of us in


here would admit to that. But like she said, let's give him a chance.


President Trump owes a lot to the state. Here in New Hampshire he


scored his first primary victory, kicking off a winning streak, and


giving him momentum. Also here that Mr Trump got his first taste of


presidential politics, three decades ago. He was thinking about the


presidency. It was in his mind. Mike, a wood word -- woodworker


started a draft Trump campaign in 1987 to encourage him to run for the


White House. He even persuaded Mr Trump to make a speech in New


Hampshire, where he ruled out a bit. It was Mr Trump's antiestablishment


stance that appealed to Mike then, and still does now. I think the


thing I found most attractive was that I had experience from 1987. I


found that he didn't change. He's the same guy. He has waited their


history to come around for his moment. It's an amazing display of


leadership. It took me 30 years but I finally got what I wanted in 1987.


So did Donald Trump. He lost the state of New Hampshire by a narrow


margin in the general election, but he won big prize, in a journey that


started here, in more ways than one. New Hampshire, I want to thank you.


We love you. You started it. Remember, you started it.


They are pretty savvy voters! Year ago today you were in Manchester New


Hampshire. Be honest, he was top of the polls, he wins the primary, did


you think it was going to get all the way? No. I can remember very


clearly thinking that he had had this victory in New Hampshire. It


was an absolutely freezing night. New Hampshire primary night is


rarely cold. It didn't seem possible then that a businessman who had


never run for political office, who wasn't Billy seen by the Republican


party as a Republican, was going to go on to win the nomination, let


alone to win the presidency. If you'd asked me then I would have


said the chances of it happening just didn't seem there. But there


were clues. The Bernie Sanders vote, as well. Right. That was the canary


in the coal mine. If we had listened to the wise voters of New Hampshire,


we would have all got the election right. They saw the populist wave


more than anybody else. Donald Trump one and Bernie Sanders one 60-38


against Hillary Clinton. Clearly there was something about that live


free or die state, that wanted a different kind of politician. We


should have focused on the New Hampshire result and not cover the


rest of the campaign, then we'd have known what was going to happen!


Let's move on. Every now and then, the team


here on 100 Days will be checking in with American voters to see


what they're making of Donald And today, we're


heading to the Midwest. The state of Wisconsin


is an interesting case study, because not only did Mr Trump win


it, but he wrestled it back from the Democrats,


as previously blue states across American's rust belt


turned Republican red. Let's speak to Van Mobley,


president of the village of Thiensville in Wisconsin,


Mr Mobley voted for Mr Trump You voted for Mr Trump, I think.


Were you surprised that he got all the way to the White House? Know I


wasn't. I think that when you said earlier in the show, you hit the


nail on the head. The two issues that propelled Donald Trump and


Bernie Sanders, the American people have lost confidence in the trade


deals that have been negotiated and lost interest in an interventionist


foreign policy. It's a winning coalition. What do you think of what


he's done so far? I've been generally pleased. I think he ran


his campaign here, from the outside in. Appealed to the outsiders then


went to the inside. He is doing his foreign policy in reverse, shoring


up and reassuring our closest allies, which in my view are Japan


and Great Britain. And then of course the Canadians and the


Mexicans. I think he's doing a good job and I think those relationships


are going to hold and be strengthened. Tell me about


Wisconsin. We were chatting on the phone earlier, talking about the


Democrats who met yesterday. They've had their annual meeting in


Baltimore. They were saying when they go out onto the doorstep, a lot


of their policies resonate quite well with voters. Why did they fail


in a place like Wisconsin which beforehand looked as if it would


have gone Democrat? I think they have their priorities misplaced. I


think that Hillary Clinton as a candidate was unbelievable on some


core issues. In the sense that people didn't trust she was going to


do what she said. In particular they viewed her as a liberal


interventionist and a free trader. I was just wondering what you made of


some of the criticisms of Donald Trump's first three weeks in office?


There has been talk about a sense of chaos in the White House. Some of


the executive orders he has then had to change. Some criticism of his


style and tweets. Things we have spoken about during the course of


the programme. They things that concern you about the President, or


not? They don't concern me as much as they concern some other people. I


don't deny that other people seem to act concerned but they don't concern


me very much. I think that's part of his style. He is a show man, in


addition to being an executive. I think the press would be well served


if they began to pay a little bit more attention to some of his


Cabinet nominees who have become Cabinet secretaries. I think he will


probably run the government the way he did his corporation, there will


be a show at the centre but then you've got confident executives on


the outskirts executing his policies. There are some wonderful


pics. I liked Jeff Sessions as well. How will you judge success for Mr


Trump? At the end of four years, what are you going to look forward


to see if he's delivered on his promises and done a good job? I


think one of the things we would like to see in Wisconsin is stronger


economic growth. I know that, I think this is why they need to look


at some of these deals again. Great Britain doesn't have as good growth


as it did in the past. The United States has stuck below two. Those


deals in the past, if they were working, the United States and its


major allies would be having better economic growth. I do believe he's


going to be successful in that. I also think the foreign policy


pursued in the United States since the ridge beginning in the Clinton


administration and going through Bush and Obama, which is a bit


liberal interventionist, they didn't really do a good job and it hasn't


been successful. I think a more realistic approach will be


considerably more successful. I think we will see economic success,


foreign policy success, and that's the key to having a good presidency.


I think he could be a great President, perhaps. We would like to


check back in with you and see whether you are happy with what Mr


Trump is doing. He's just at the start


of his term in office, but thanks to his unique style,


Donald Trump is already well on course to be one


of the most-quoted Presidents. But could the language he uses be


influencing the way politicians You are fake news. Fake news. Fake


news. Fake news. I'm really surprised the BBC is


reporting fake news. Yet again what we get from Labour are alternative


facts. That sounded like one of Mr Donald Trump's alternative facts. It


is all fake news. It's phoney stuff. So interesting, the way that


language is shaping this presidency. It seems even on the question of


language, Americans and other people around the world are divided,


Christian. If we had played Van, would he have liked what he had from


Donald Trump, and if we played that clip to people who didn't like


Donald Trump, they would have rolled their eyes and said it didn't sound


presidential. People are hearing two very different things. We've got to


keep our eye on the people in the middle who see things very


differently to the two coasts of the US. The interesting thing about that


clip, Jeremy Corbyn was talking on a breakfast programme today and


started throwing back. News, I'm surprised the BBC is reporting full


sneeze. The reality is they are now mixing apples news with a -- mixing


up "False news" with inconvenient news. Fake news has been made up to


put people off the scent... It's not asking a politician a question they


don't like. The President here suggesting bad polls must be fake as


well! That is 100 Days for this week, join


us again the same time on Monday, on BBC World News and the BBC


News Channel in the UK. From Katty Kay in New York, and me


Christian Fraser in London, goodbye. This is BBC News. Our headlines.


Record numbers of patients waited more than four hours in A in


December. Figures leaked