29/01/2017 BBC News at Ten

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President Trump's travel ban sparks legal challenges


As anger grows on the streets, 16 state attorney generals


say the restrictions are unconstitutional.


Travellers from seven named countries are now being denied


entry, including this family of Christians from Syria.


President Trump says the US needs extreme vetting policy,


but there's been confusion about the impact on


We'll be analysing the reaction and the call for President Trump's


Also tonight: Parents' rights to take their children on holiday


in term time face a new legal test - this time in the Supreme Court.


And Roger Federer is back - winning an 18th Grand Slam title.


President Trump is facing growing criticism tonight,


both at home and abroad, over his controversial order


restricting people from seven mainly Muslim countries


The temporary ban on travellers from countries including Iraq,


Syria and Somalia has seen people turned away at airports


Tonight, there are more protests and legal challenges, but Mr Trump


has defended his actions, saying America "needs borders


Our first report is from Nick Bryant in New York.


New York has always been the great gateway into America and


demonstrators gathered in a highly emblematic setting. Under the gaze


of the statue of liberty but today we have seen gatherings across the


country. The fractious mood reminiscent of the 1960s. Protest is


becoming a permanent feature of the Trump presidency and the


demonstrations lasted deep into the early hours. Let them in, they


chanted. It's an attack. On the very foundation of democracy.


Demonstrations took place across the country. These are scenes in Boston


as a US senator defied the president. I cannot believe this is


happening. I knew Donald Trump would be bad but not this bad, not this


fast. At this courthouse in Brooklyn fast. At this courthouse in Brooklyn


became a late-night legal challenge and Civil Liberties lawyers emerge


claiming victory as a federal judge blocked parts of the order


temporarily banning all refugees and travel from seven Muslim majority


countries. President from's orders are unconstitutional and illegal.


What started as a protest outside this courthouse in Brooklyn has now


become a celebration. At the arrivals hall in Dallas airport, the


joy of reunion. A Muslim woman from Iraq finally making it back into the


country. I get a call and they are telling me they are detaining my


wife who is a green card holder, a legal resident of this country. But


despite a court ruling and others making it through immigration, the


Department of Homeland Security said it would continue to enforce the


executive order. The president says his policy is working out very


nicely and is defending it on twitter. An interview claim without


any factual basis the old Obama policy favoured Muslims over


Christians. If you are Christian in Syria, it would be impossible to


into the US. If you were a Muslim into the US. If you were a Muslim


you could come in and I thought it was very unfair. But this Christian


family was refused entry even though they thought these visas offered


them the chance of a new life. They were forced to fly back to Beirut.


TRANSLATION: My son has been in America three


years, they did not let me call him. There is no humanity. They had spent


all their money on tickets and seen their American dream is eradicated


with the stroke of a pen. Here, there are growing calls


for President Trump's state visit to Britain to be called off,


because of his travel crackdown. The Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has


said it shouldn't happen while the ban is in place


and an online petition making the same demand has attracted more


than 500,000 signatures. Tonight, ministers have gained some


clarification about the impact Our political correspondent


Eleanor Garnier has the latest. New leaders and new friends. It was


all going so well. Then just hours after Theresa May left Washington,


Donald Trump enacted one of what many think is the most extreme of


his campaign policies. By then the Prime Minister was in Turkey for


trade talks where she avoided condemning the President's travel


ban. The US is responsible for US policy on refugees. The UK is


responsible for UK policy on refugees. But overnight a new


statement clarifying the new premise to did not agree with this approach


and condemnation from the Foreign Secretary who said it was divisive


and wrong to stigmatise because of nationality. The British Olympian


Sir Mo Farah was born in Somalia but lives with his family in America. He


said he had been deeply troubled he would have to tell his children that


daddy might not come home after a training camp in Ethiopian. The


president, he added, had introduced a policy that came from a place of


ignorance and prejudice. And government ministers were publicly


echoing concerns. The Prime Minister is not a shoot from the hip type of


politician. She wants to understand precisely what the implications are,


there is always pressure to respond within a new cycle but the important


thing is we are saying we disagree with it. Friends can be candid with


each other, that is what the Prime Minister said. It now seems that is


far easier in theory than it is in practice and having failed to live


up to her own words once, there is criticism she has undermined her own


strategy. The Foreign Office said tonight it had been reassured by the


US that it was not imposing travel bans on any UK dual nationals though


they might face extra checks. And the Labour leader stands by his call


for Mr Trump's state visit to be called off. I am not happy about him


coming here until that ban is lifted. Look at what is happening


with those countries. How many more will it be? This relationship like


many is complicated. The last 24 hours has shown the difficulty or


forging closer ties with the US while keeping a suitable distance


from Mr Trump. A huge challenge the Prime Minister will have to get used


to. In a moment, we'll be speaking


to our North America editor Jon Sopel in Washington,


but first, Eleanor Garnier is here. How much detail do we have on how to


teach citizens might be affected? This is not an exemption for the UK,


this is a clarification of the rules and in a sign of how difficult it


has been to unpick everything, conversations have them at the


highest possible level all day. Just to clarify, if you are a British


citizen who happens to be travelling to the US from Iraq, you will not be


subject to the ban. If you are a dual national and you travel to


America, you will not be subject to the ban though you may face extra


checks. As the Foreign Office understands it, it is only people


who are nationals of those seven named countries currently subject to


a band. Most hush macro Mo Farah fundamentally disagrees with what he


calls a divisive and discriminatory policy. There will still be a lot of


confusion tonight, not least many will be worried about them, their


family, friends travelling to the United States, concerned about how


these rules are being interpreted on the ground by US officials.


And Jon Sopel is in Washington for us now.


What sense do you get there of how the administration is feeling? They


have been rocked by the criticism and protests we have seen across


America. There was no surprise that extreme betting was going to be


introduced, but there were so little political preparation in terms of


telling Republican congressmen and women that this was happening so


there has been silence from them and more damaging, so little


administrative preparation so you have had a situation where today


Donald Trump Ozma trip --'s chief of staff saying, a statement from


Donald Trump which seems much more conciliatory. America is a proud


nation of immigrants and we will show compassion to those fleeing


oppression but will do so while protecting our own citizens and


border. This is not a Muslim ban, this is not about religion, this is


about terror and he says he has tremendous feeling for those


involved in Syria. My first priority will always be to protect and serve


our country, but he says he will revisit the whole policy. Has the


White House spin rocked by the wave of criticism from around the world


and within America? You bet it has. The US military has confirmed that


Donald Trump has authorised the first raid by American special


forces of his presidency. The pre-dawn raid in Yemen targeted


al Qaeda militants - A US serviceman also died


and three others were injured in the operation that was aimed


at gathering intelligence In France, a politician


from the hard left has defeated the country's former Prime Minister


to become the Socialist party's Benoit Hamon, whose policies include


legalising cannabis and introducing a universal basic income,


prevailed against Manuel Valls. As our Paris Correspondent


Lucy Williamson reports, it's another surprise in the race


for the Elysee Palace. It was the unknown against the


unpopular. And in this election inexperience counts. Benoit Hamon


has been dubbed France's Jeremy Corbyn, a one-time junior minister


with a plan to tax robots, legalise marijuana and pay everyone ?600 a




Faced with a privileged white, and a destructive white, our country needs


to have a left that looks to the future. Half the party hate his


ideas. This primary was meant to boost the Socialists by giving them


a candidate they would unite around but after five beta years of


infighting, unity may be too much to ask. Especially as this man has


already siphoned centre-left supporters away from the Socialist


party. Emmanuel macron is 39 years old and has never been elected but


his campaign, more energy than experience, it is drawing crowds his


rivals can only dream of. Antiestablishment, pro-European and


liberal on both economic and social issues. This is populism for Centre


Wests on both the right and left. Wests on both the right and left.


Before Emmanuel macron I tried other political movements and first of all


the parties socialist, but those lost years it was lost and the main


subject on which it was not very clear was about the economy. After


political upheavals in America and the UK, how is France's presidential


race taking shape? The centre-right favourite is fighting off


allegations that his wife received public money for work she had not


done. Marine Le Pen also has strong support. She has promised to Paul


France out of the euro and drastically reduce immigration.


Benoit Hamon lagging far behind seems unlikely to pose a serious


threat. But one man who could is Emmanuel macron. He is likely to


gain the most from the socialist choice of leader. This primary has


eluded both the sitting president and a Prime Minister. The men with


power it seems to always been the party. Just as hard for the party


perhaps to win power. A father who refused to pay a fine


for taking his daughter on holiday in term time will be back


in the Supreme Court this week. Jon Platt won an initial


legal victory last year - on the grounds she attended school


regularly. A BBC investigation has found that


as a result councils in England have changed their policies,


or dropped cases against parents. Our education editor


Branwen Jeffreys reports. For some angry parents,


Jon Platt is a bit of a hero. Dozens get in touch with him every


day about term time holiday fines. You take a child on a five-day


holiday and you live in somewhere like Suffolk,


Norfolk or Swindon, they are going to send you a truancy


penalty notice and then you have got At home on the Isle of Wight,


he told me he has no regrets. After taking his daughter


on holiday, she had 90% attendance. The legal row is about what going


to school regularly means. If you look up the dictionary


definition of regularly, because that's what this


is all about, what it means to attend school regularly,


the dictionary says, They are taking that


word to mean 100%. What about teachers and head


teachers who are having to teach children to get them


through their exams, and are having to say that


with term-time holidays every single And sometimes kids off


with term-time holidays. The issue is blown out


of all proportion because, for every child who misses a day


because of a term-time holiday, there are 12 days missed


because of illness. The cost of holidays outside


of term-time, home and abroad, So what's happended


since last year's case? 108 councils in England


responded to our questions. 35 councils say they have changed


their policy since the judgment. 28 have dropped cases


against parents. 22 have noticed parents taking


more term-time holidays. Councils from the Isle of Wight


to the north of England One dad's battle here on the Isle


of Wight has implications It's drawn a line in the sand,


with, on the one hand, the government insisting that every


day missed matters. And on the other, parents


furious about the cost Ministers say exam results shape


children's futures and missing even We look at our students,


and any student who has attendance below 95%,


we can track the fact that their progress isn't


as good as it should be. The Supreme Court will reach


a decision within months. With all the sport, here's


Lizzie Greenwood-Hughes We're starting with the incredible


achievement of Roger Federer. Already the men's Grand Slam record


holder, the 35-year-old has now won 18 major titles


after beating his old rival Rafael Nadal in


the Australian Open final today. Katherine Downes has the story


of the thrilling match in Melbourne. Daylight and disbelief. For his


titles and trophies, this surely is his achievement yet. Roger Federer


had been out of tennis for six months but he battled his way to the


final of the Australian open once again and once again the man at the


other side was Rafael Nadal. An old rivalry reignited and Federer rolled


back the years, placing his way to the first set. Nadal himself was an


unlikely finalist also on the comeback from injury, also they


thought past his prime. With sweat and grit, Nadal was level, the


second set secured. For a while it looked like he had given all he had


while Federer had rediscovered his signature wizardry but just when you


think Nadal is beaten, he is capable of this. Nadal's sheer determination


dragged him and his old nemesis into a decider. And what a decider. An


early break for Nadal but Roger fought back with two of his own and


in the end just the finest of margins confirmed what he thought


was impossible. To comeback was perfect as it was. Tennis is a tough


sport, there are no draws but if there was one, I would have been


happy to accept one tonight with a Rafa. Two unlikely finalists and


legends of the sport. One champion and a trophy he thought he would


never left again. It's been another fascinating day


in the 4th round of the FA Cup. Match of the Day follows


the news, so if you want into the last 16 for the first time


in more than 90 years, after Sutton beat former FA Cup


winners Leeds United. Leeds are currently 4th


in the Championship, And there were further upsets today,


as two of the three Hull were thrashed at


Fulham and Watford lost Manchester United were comfortable


home winners against Wigan. Celtic have broken their


own long-held Scottish record for consecutive


unbeaten domestic games. Their 4-0 win over Hearts today


means they've now gone 27 league The previous record


was set by Celtic's famous England's cricketers just missed out


on sealing a significant Twenty20 series win over India,


beaten by 5 runs in Nagpur. In a thrilling final over,


man of the match Jasprit Boomra bowled brilliantly to deny England


the chance to overhaul The series is now level at 1-all


and will be decided in the final Carl Frampton says he wants a third


fight with Leo Santa Cruz after the Mexican inflicted his


first professional Frampton lost his WBA


World Featherweight title on points in Las Vegas and has already


demanded another rematch - this And Scotland's Paul Foster has won


his 5th World Indoor Bowls title. You can see more on all of today's


stories on the BBC News Channel. That's all from me,


stay with us on BBC One. It's time for the news


where you are.