29/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


29/01/2017

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President Trump's travel ban sparks legal challenges

:00:00.:00:00.

As anger grows on the streets, 16 state attorney generals

:00:00.:00:14.

say the restrictions are unconstitutional.

:00:15.:00:20.

Travellers from seven named countries are now being denied

:00:21.:00:22.

entry, including this family of Christians from Syria.

:00:23.:00:26.

President Trump says the US needs extreme vetting policy,

:00:27.:00:29.

but there's been confusion about the impact on

:00:30.:00:31.

We'll be analysing the reaction and the call for President Trump's

:00:32.:00:38.

Also tonight: Parents' rights to take their children on holiday

:00:39.:00:43.

in term time face a new legal test - this time in the Supreme Court.

:00:44.:00:53.

And Roger Federer is back - winning an 18th Grand Slam title.

:00:54.:01:17.

President Trump is facing growing criticism tonight,

:01:18.:01:20.

both at home and abroad, over his controversial order

:01:21.:01:23.

restricting people from seven mainly Muslim countries

:01:24.:01:27.

The temporary ban on travellers from countries including Iraq,

:01:28.:01:33.

Syria and Somalia has seen people turned away at airports

:01:34.:01:36.

Tonight, there are more protests and legal challenges, but Mr Trump

:01:37.:01:42.

has defended his actions, saying America "needs borders

:01:43.:01:45.

Our first report is from Nick Bryant in New York.

:01:46.:01:58.

New York has always been the great gateway into America and

:01:59.:02:06.

demonstrators gathered in a highly emblematic setting. Under the gaze

:02:07.:02:11.

of the statue of liberty but today we have seen gatherings across the

:02:12.:02:15.

country. The fractious mood reminiscent of the 1960s. Protest is

:02:16.:02:26.

becoming a permanent feature of the Trump presidency and the

:02:27.:02:30.

demonstrations lasted deep into the early hours. Let them in, they

:02:31.:02:40.

chanted. It's an attack. On the very foundation of democracy.

:02:41.:02:43.

Demonstrations took place across the country. These are scenes in Boston

:02:44.:02:48.

as a US senator defied the president. I cannot believe this is

:02:49.:02:53.

happening. I knew Donald Trump would be bad but not this bad, not this

:02:54.:02:55.

fast. At this courthouse in Brooklyn fast. At this courthouse in Brooklyn

:02:56.:03:03.

became a late-night legal challenge and Civil Liberties lawyers emerge

:03:04.:03:06.

claiming victory as a federal judge blocked parts of the order

:03:07.:03:10.

temporarily banning all refugees and travel from seven Muslim majority

:03:11.:03:19.

countries. President from's orders are unconstitutional and illegal.

:03:20.:03:22.

What started as a protest outside this courthouse in Brooklyn has now

:03:23.:03:30.

become a celebration. At the arrivals hall in Dallas airport, the

:03:31.:03:38.

joy of reunion. A Muslim woman from Iraq finally making it back into the

:03:39.:03:44.

country. I get a call and they are telling me they are detaining my

:03:45.:03:49.

wife who is a green card holder, a legal resident of this country. But

:03:50.:03:55.

despite a court ruling and others making it through immigration, the

:03:56.:03:57.

Department of Homeland Security said it would continue to enforce the

:03:58.:04:02.

executive order. The president says his policy is working out very

:04:03.:04:08.

nicely and is defending it on twitter. An interview claim without

:04:09.:04:18.

any factual basis the old Obama policy favoured Muslims over

:04:19.:04:25.

Christians. If you are Christian in Syria, it would be impossible to

:04:26.:04:28.

into the US. If you were a Muslim into the US. If you were a Muslim

:04:29.:04:32.

you could come in and I thought it was very unfair. But this Christian

:04:33.:04:38.

family was refused entry even though they thought these visas offered

:04:39.:04:42.

them the chance of a new life. They were forced to fly back to Beirut.

:04:43.:04:48.

TRANSLATION: My son has been in America three

:04:49.:04:54.

years, they did not let me call him. There is no humanity. They had spent

:04:55.:04:59.

all their money on tickets and seen their American dream is eradicated

:05:00.:05:00.

with the stroke of a pen. Here, there are growing calls

:05:01.:05:02.

for President Trump's state visit to Britain to be called off,

:05:03.:05:05.

because of his travel crackdown. The Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has

:05:06.:05:08.

said it shouldn't happen while the ban is in place

:05:09.:05:10.

and an online petition making the same demand has attracted more

:05:11.:05:12.

than 500,000 signatures. Tonight, ministers have gained some

:05:13.:05:16.

clarification about the impact Our political correspondent

:05:17.:05:20.

Eleanor Garnier has the latest. New leaders and new friends. It was

:05:21.:05:36.

all going so well. Then just hours after Theresa May left Washington,

:05:37.:05:40.

Donald Trump enacted one of what many think is the most extreme of

:05:41.:05:46.

his campaign policies. By then the Prime Minister was in Turkey for

:05:47.:05:50.

trade talks where she avoided condemning the President's travel

:05:51.:05:56.

ban. The US is responsible for US policy on refugees. The UK is

:05:57.:06:01.

responsible for UK policy on refugees. But overnight a new

:06:02.:06:05.

statement clarifying the new premise to did not agree with this approach

:06:06.:06:10.

and condemnation from the Foreign Secretary who said it was divisive

:06:11.:06:15.

and wrong to stigmatise because of nationality. The British Olympian

:06:16.:06:19.

Sir Mo Farah was born in Somalia but lives with his family in America. He

:06:20.:06:24.

said he had been deeply troubled he would have to tell his children that

:06:25.:06:29.

daddy might not come home after a training camp in Ethiopian. The

:06:30.:06:33.

president, he added, had introduced a policy that came from a place of

:06:34.:06:38.

ignorance and prejudice. And government ministers were publicly

:06:39.:06:42.

echoing concerns. The Prime Minister is not a shoot from the hip type of

:06:43.:06:48.

politician. She wants to understand precisely what the implications are,

:06:49.:06:53.

there is always pressure to respond within a new cycle but the important

:06:54.:07:03.

thing is we are saying we disagree with it. Friends can be candid with

:07:04.:07:06.

each other, that is what the Prime Minister said. It now seems that is

:07:07.:07:09.

far easier in theory than it is in practice and having failed to live

:07:10.:07:14.

up to her own words once, there is criticism she has undermined her own

:07:15.:07:19.

strategy. The Foreign Office said tonight it had been reassured by the

:07:20.:07:23.

US that it was not imposing travel bans on any UK dual nationals though

:07:24.:07:28.

they might face extra checks. And the Labour leader stands by his call

:07:29.:07:34.

for Mr Trump's state visit to be called off. I am not happy about him

:07:35.:07:40.

coming here until that ban is lifted. Look at what is happening

:07:41.:07:44.

with those countries. How many more will it be? This relationship like

:07:45.:07:52.

many is complicated. The last 24 hours has shown the difficulty or

:07:53.:07:56.

forging closer ties with the US while keeping a suitable distance

:07:57.:08:01.

from Mr Trump. A huge challenge the Prime Minister will have to get used

:08:02.:08:02.

to. In a moment, we'll be speaking

:08:03.:08:03.

to our North America editor Jon Sopel in Washington,

:08:04.:08:06.

but first, Eleanor Garnier is here. How much detail do we have on how to

:08:07.:08:16.

teach citizens might be affected? This is not an exemption for the UK,

:08:17.:08:21.

this is a clarification of the rules and in a sign of how difficult it

:08:22.:08:26.

has been to unpick everything, conversations have them at the

:08:27.:08:32.

highest possible level all day. Just to clarify, if you are a British

:08:33.:08:37.

citizen who happens to be travelling to the US from Iraq, you will not be

:08:38.:08:44.

subject to the ban. If you are a dual national and you travel to

:08:45.:08:48.

America, you will not be subject to the ban though you may face extra

:08:49.:08:53.

checks. As the Foreign Office understands it, it is only people

:08:54.:08:58.

who are nationals of those seven named countries currently subject to

:08:59.:09:07.

a band. Most hush macro Mo Farah fundamentally disagrees with what he

:09:08.:09:11.

calls a divisive and discriminatory policy. There will still be a lot of

:09:12.:09:18.

confusion tonight, not least many will be worried about them, their

:09:19.:09:23.

family, friends travelling to the United States, concerned about how

:09:24.:09:27.

these rules are being interpreted on the ground by US officials.

:09:28.:09:30.

And Jon Sopel is in Washington for us now.

:09:31.:09:36.

What sense do you get there of how the administration is feeling? They

:09:37.:09:43.

have been rocked by the criticism and protests we have seen across

:09:44.:09:48.

America. There was no surprise that extreme betting was going to be

:09:49.:09:54.

introduced, but there were so little political preparation in terms of

:09:55.:09:57.

telling Republican congressmen and women that this was happening so

:09:58.:10:03.

there has been silence from them and more damaging, so little

:10:04.:10:07.

administrative preparation so you have had a situation where today

:10:08.:10:18.

Donald Trump Ozma trip --'s chief of staff saying, a statement from

:10:19.:10:29.

Donald Trump which seems much more conciliatory. America is a proud

:10:30.:10:33.

nation of immigrants and we will show compassion to those fleeing

:10:34.:10:38.

oppression but will do so while protecting our own citizens and

:10:39.:10:42.

border. This is not a Muslim ban, this is not about religion, this is

:10:43.:10:47.

about terror and he says he has tremendous feeling for those

:10:48.:10:53.

involved in Syria. My first priority will always be to protect and serve

:10:54.:10:58.

our country, but he says he will revisit the whole policy. Has the

:10:59.:11:03.

White House spin rocked by the wave of criticism from around the world

:11:04.:11:05.

and within America? You bet it has. The US military has confirmed that

:11:06.:11:09.

Donald Trump has authorised the first raid by American special

:11:10.:11:11.

forces of his presidency. The pre-dawn raid in Yemen targeted

:11:12.:11:15.

al Qaeda militants - A US serviceman also died

:11:16.:11:18.

and three others were injured in the operation that was aimed

:11:19.:11:23.

at gathering intelligence In France, a politician

:11:24.:11:26.

from the hard left has defeated the country's former Prime Minister

:11:27.:11:33.

to become the Socialist party's Benoit Hamon, whose policies include

:11:34.:11:36.

legalising cannabis and introducing a universal basic income,

:11:37.:11:42.

prevailed against Manuel Valls. As our Paris Correspondent

:11:43.:11:46.

Lucy Williamson reports, it's another surprise in the race

:11:47.:11:48.

for the Elysee Palace. It was the unknown against the

:11:49.:12:02.

unpopular. And in this election inexperience counts. Benoit Hamon

:12:03.:12:09.

has been dubbed France's Jeremy Corbyn, a one-time junior minister

:12:10.:12:14.

with a plan to tax robots, legalise marijuana and pay everyone ?600 a

:12:15.:12:20.

month. TRANSLATION:

:12:21.:12:25.

Faced with a privileged white, and a destructive white, our country needs

:12:26.:12:30.

to have a left that looks to the future. Half the party hate his

:12:31.:12:36.

ideas. This primary was meant to boost the Socialists by giving them

:12:37.:12:40.

a candidate they would unite around but after five beta years of

:12:41.:12:43.

infighting, unity may be too much to ask. Especially as this man has

:12:44.:12:50.

already siphoned centre-left supporters away from the Socialist

:12:51.:12:57.

party. Emmanuel macron is 39 years old and has never been elected but

:12:58.:13:03.

his campaign, more energy than experience, it is drawing crowds his

:13:04.:13:09.

rivals can only dream of. Antiestablishment, pro-European and

:13:10.:13:13.

liberal on both economic and social issues. This is populism for Centre

:13:14.:13:16.

Wests on both the right and left. Wests on both the right and left.

:13:17.:13:22.

Before Emmanuel macron I tried other political movements and first of all

:13:23.:13:31.

the parties socialist, but those lost years it was lost and the main

:13:32.:13:39.

subject on which it was not very clear was about the economy. After

:13:40.:13:44.

political upheavals in America and the UK, how is France's presidential

:13:45.:13:51.

race taking shape? The centre-right favourite is fighting off

:13:52.:13:53.

allegations that his wife received public money for work she had not

:13:54.:13:59.

done. Marine Le Pen also has strong support. She has promised to Paul

:14:00.:14:03.

France out of the euro and drastically reduce immigration.

:14:04.:14:09.

Benoit Hamon lagging far behind seems unlikely to pose a serious

:14:10.:14:15.

threat. But one man who could is Emmanuel macron. He is likely to

:14:16.:14:19.

gain the most from the socialist choice of leader. This primary has

:14:20.:14:24.

eluded both the sitting president and a Prime Minister. The men with

:14:25.:14:29.

power it seems to always been the party. Just as hard for the party

:14:30.:14:32.

perhaps to win power. A father who refused to pay a fine

:14:33.:14:34.

for taking his daughter on holiday in term time will be back

:14:35.:14:37.

in the Supreme Court this week. Jon Platt won an initial

:14:38.:14:40.

legal victory last year - on the grounds she attended school

:14:41.:14:42.

regularly. A BBC investigation has found that

:14:43.:14:44.

as a result councils in England have changed their policies,

:14:45.:14:47.

or dropped cases against parents. Our education editor

:14:48.:14:50.

Branwen Jeffreys reports. For some angry parents,

:14:51.:14:56.

Jon Platt is a bit of a hero. Dozens get in touch with him every

:14:57.:14:58.

day about term time holiday fines. You take a child on a five-day

:14:59.:15:03.

holiday and you live in somewhere like Suffolk,

:15:04.:15:06.

Norfolk or Swindon, they are going to send you a truancy

:15:07.:15:08.

penalty notice and then you have got At home on the Isle of Wight,

:15:09.:15:12.

he told me he has no regrets. After taking his daughter

:15:13.:15:18.

on holiday, she had 90% attendance. The legal row is about what going

:15:19.:15:23.

to school regularly means. If you look up the dictionary

:15:24.:15:28.

definition of regularly, because that's what this

:15:29.:15:31.

is all about, what it means to attend school regularly,

:15:32.:15:34.

the dictionary says, They are taking that

:15:35.:15:36.

word to mean 100%. What about teachers and head

:15:37.:15:42.

teachers who are having to teach children to get them

:15:43.:15:46.

through their exams, and are having to say that

:15:47.:15:49.

with term-time holidays every single And sometimes kids off

:15:50.:15:52.

with term-time holidays. The issue is blown out

:15:53.:15:59.

of all proportion because, for every child who misses a day

:16:00.:16:02.

because of a term-time holiday, there are 12 days missed

:16:03.:16:06.

because of illness. The cost of holidays outside

:16:07.:16:09.

of term-time, home and abroad, So what's happended

:16:10.:16:12.

since last year's case? 108 councils in England

:16:13.:16:16.

responded to our questions. 35 councils say they have changed

:16:17.:16:23.

their policy since the judgment. 28 have dropped cases

:16:24.:16:27.

against parents. 22 have noticed parents taking

:16:28.:16:33.

more term-time holidays. Councils from the Isle of Wight

:16:34.:16:37.

to the north of England One dad's battle here on the Isle

:16:38.:16:40.

of Wight has implications It's drawn a line in the sand,

:16:41.:16:51.

with, on the one hand, the government insisting that every

:16:52.:17:00.

day missed matters. And on the other, parents

:17:01.:17:02.

furious about the cost Ministers say exam results shape

:17:03.:17:04.

children's futures and missing even We look at our students,

:17:05.:17:11.

and any student who has attendance below 95%,

:17:12.:17:23.

we can track the fact that their progress isn't

:17:24.:17:27.

as good as it should be. The Supreme Court will reach

:17:28.:17:31.

a decision within months. With all the sport, here's

:17:32.:17:38.

Lizzie Greenwood-Hughes We're starting with the incredible

:17:39.:17:43.

achievement of Roger Federer. Already the men's Grand Slam record

:17:44.:17:51.

holder, the 35-year-old has now won 18 major titles

:17:52.:17:53.

after beating his old rival Rafael Nadal in

:17:54.:17:56.

the Australian Open final today. Katherine Downes has the story

:17:57.:17:59.

of the thrilling match in Melbourne. Daylight and disbelief. For his

:18:00.:18:13.

titles and trophies, this surely is his achievement yet. Roger Federer

:18:14.:18:20.

had been out of tennis for six months but he battled his way to the

:18:21.:18:24.

final of the Australian open once again and once again the man at the

:18:25.:18:30.

other side was Rafael Nadal. An old rivalry reignited and Federer rolled

:18:31.:18:34.

back the years, placing his way to the first set. Nadal himself was an

:18:35.:18:40.

unlikely finalist also on the comeback from injury, also they

:18:41.:18:45.

thought past his prime. With sweat and grit, Nadal was level, the

:18:46.:18:49.

second set secured. For a while it looked like he had given all he had

:18:50.:18:54.

while Federer had rediscovered his signature wizardry but just when you

:18:55.:18:58.

think Nadal is beaten, he is capable of this. Nadal's sheer determination

:18:59.:19:04.

dragged him and his old nemesis into a decider. And what a decider. An

:19:05.:19:12.

early break for Nadal but Roger fought back with two of his own and

:19:13.:19:16.

in the end just the finest of margins confirmed what he thought

:19:17.:19:22.

was impossible. To comeback was perfect as it was. Tennis is a tough

:19:23.:19:27.

sport, there are no draws but if there was one, I would have been

:19:28.:19:32.

happy to accept one tonight with a Rafa. Two unlikely finalists and

:19:33.:19:40.

legends of the sport. One champion and a trophy he thought he would

:19:41.:19:42.

never left again. It's been another fascinating day

:19:43.:19:44.

in the 4th round of the FA Cup. Match of the Day follows

:19:45.:19:47.

the news, so if you want into the last 16 for the first time

:19:48.:19:49.

in more than 90 years, after Sutton beat former FA Cup

:19:50.:19:57.

winners Leeds United. Leeds are currently 4th

:19:58.:19:59.

in the Championship, And there were further upsets today,

:20:00.:20:02.

as two of the three Hull were thrashed at

:20:03.:20:07.

Fulham and Watford lost Manchester United were comfortable

:20:08.:20:11.

home winners against Wigan. Celtic have broken their

:20:12.:20:17.

own long-held Scottish record for consecutive

:20:18.:20:19.

unbeaten domestic games. Their 4-0 win over Hearts today

:20:20.:20:22.

means they've now gone 27 league The previous record

:20:23.:20:25.

was set by Celtic's famous England's cricketers just missed out

:20:26.:20:30.

on sealing a significant Twenty20 series win over India,

:20:31.:20:37.

beaten by 5 runs in Nagpur. In a thrilling final over,

:20:38.:20:41.

man of the match Jasprit Boomra bowled brilliantly to deny England

:20:42.:20:44.

the chance to overhaul The series is now level at 1-all

:20:45.:20:47.

and will be decided in the final Carl Frampton says he wants a third

:20:48.:20:54.

fight with Leo Santa Cruz after the Mexican inflicted his

:20:55.:21:00.

first professional Frampton lost his WBA

:21:01.:21:02.

World Featherweight title on points in Las Vegas and has already

:21:03.:21:06.

demanded another rematch - this And Scotland's Paul Foster has won

:21:07.:21:10.

his 5th World Indoor Bowls title. You can see more on all of today's

:21:11.:21:17.

stories on the BBC News Channel. That's all from me,

:21:18.:21:28.

stay with us on BBC One. It's time for the news

:21:29.:21:31.

where you are.

:21:32.:21:36.