17/05/2017 BBC News at Ten

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Tonight at Ten: flashing images.?


Donald Trump faces the most serious allegations


He's accused of asking former FBI boss James Comey to halt


the investigation into links between his former national


Donald Trump hasn't yet responded directly to the latest


allegations against him, but he remains defiant.


No politician in history, and I say this with great surety,


has been treated worse, or more unfairly.


But tonight as pressure intensifies on the President,


he's facing growing criticism from within his own party.


I think we've seen this movie before.


I think it's reaching the stage where it's


After the turbulence of the first few months,


we'll be asking how serious a moment this is for the Trump presidency.


The Liberal Democrats launch their election manifesto


pledging another referendum on any Brexit deal.


Meanwhile, new measures to curb immigration are understood


to be among the pledges in the Conservatives'


A record number of people in work, but there are more warnings


And trying to fight digital propaganda -


the millions of fake profiles created on social media


And coming up in Sportsday later in the hour on BBC News:


There's so much at stake in the Championship


as Sheffield Wedmnesday and Huddersfield look to reach


President Trump is facing what his critics say


are the most serious allegations to beset his presidency so far.


He has been accused of trying to get the former head of the FBI,


James Comey - who he sacked last week - to drop an investigation


into links between his former National Security Adviser


The claims have prompted a small but growing number


of the President's fellow Republicans to call for


an independent inquiry into links between the Trump Administration


Our North America Editor Jon Sopel reports.


Chuck Schumer, And Chuck Schumer, Donald Trump was today on the way to


the coastguard Academy as his administration seemed to be listing.


Our commander in chief, Donald Trump. This has been the most torrid


week of the presidency and though he didn't address each individual set


back there was a message. No politician in history, and I say


this with great surety, has been treated worse, or more unfairly. You


cannot let them get you down. I didn't get elected to serve the


Washington media, I got elected to serve the forgotten men and women of


our country and that's what I'm doing. He has become more famous


than me zmrchlt his. The disclose that James Comey kept notes of his


meetings with the president, including over the sacked Michael


Flynn is serious. Donald Trump is reported to have said to Comey:


Amid allegation that this amounted to obstruction of justice the White


House denied any wrong doing, saying the president hadn't told the FBI


director to stop his work. It brought this from the democratic


leader. The president says what Comey says was wrong. Prove it. It


is easy to prove. As long as there are tapes or transcripts of what


happened. If the president's right, he will have no problem releasing


memos, tapes, transcripts that corroborate his story. Other


democrats have started using the I word. I rise today Mr Speaker to


call for the impeachment of the president of the United States of


America. For obstruction of justice. This is not good for America. Some


influential Republicans too are growing restive with comparisons to


the days of Nixon. I think we have seen this movie before, I think it's


reaching the point where it is of Watergate size and scale and a


couple of other scandals that you and I have seen. It has been a bad


week, last Tuesday came the firing of James Comey with the White House


giving muddled explanations about why and then the president seemed to


threaten Comey saying he had better hopes there are no tapes of our


conversation. And the president divulged material to the Russian


foreign minister. But what about the mood outside Washington? In the home


of country and western, in Nashville, the Trump loyalists are


not changing tune. They're still singing stand by your man. You can't


tell me that all these leaks and comments that come through almost


daily are not because people are trying to subvert the president. The


things they're saying about him is a lie. All the immediates are


democrats and left-wingers, they don't want to see him do well or


America do well. They just want to give America away. The president,


who returned to the White House tonight will be buoyed by this


support but that is kwha gets you elected. Not what keeps you in power


and this administration can't afford any more weeks like the one that's


just gone. How serious a moment this is for


Donald Trump? If you drew up a league table of the allegations that


have swirled around Donald Trump and looked at what was the most serious,


I think potentially this memo from James Comey is the most serious.


Like any good detective he has kept notes of his meetings with Donald


Trump and if it was a court of law, that would be entirely admissible as


evidence. The notes of an FBI person. So that presents a problem


for Donald Trump and some say he will be impeached now. Impeachment


is, for a start you have got to have a huge burden of proof. But it has


never happened in US history. It not only has to pass the House of


Representatives, it becomes a trial in the Senate and you need a two


thirds majority for that to happen. That is still unlike and still


premature to talk about this, but it has been a torrid week for the White


House and you have seen members of staff feeling insecure about their


jobs, the president has made mis-steps, you see on Capitol Hill


the Republicans feeling uncertain about the future. It has sometimes


felt like we are going through a daily soap opera, an improbable plot


line, but what we are not yet at is the season end, that still has a


long way to go. Thank you. The BBC understands the Conservativing will


promise to curb immigration when they publish their manifesto


tomorrow. Let's talk to our political editor in Westminster.


These are the first details we are getting. Yes the publication of any


manifesto is a big deal for a party leader, particularly for Theresa


May, because of course this is the first big document to come from the


Conservatives since she has been in charge and it is her decision to


call the election and her calculation that the ideas that she


and her team will put forward will be enough to keep her on in Downing


Street and one of those first messages is an uncompromising one on


imdprags. Migration. It is her calculation that voters say


immigration must come down and she will say immigration is too high and


when immigration is too high that has consequences for society. The


question is of course then well what is she going to do. Don't forget as


Home Secretary in charge for six years, she missed that target of


bringing immigration down to under a hundred thousand. Tomorrow she will


recommit to that figure and make that promise again that if elected


under her leadership immigration will come down to under 100,000. She


will also say that student numbers will stay in those immigration


figures and there has been pressure on her to change that, arguments


that it creates a false picture. But she will also propose extra charges


for employers who bring in non-EU workers from around the world, she


will double the amounts they're expected to pay if they want to hire


them. There is a suggestion that people from around the world other


than the EU will have to pay more to use the NHS during the time they're


here. There will be plenty more big ideas on social care. But I think


broadly this is not going to be a manifesto that is full of hearts and


flowers, I think it is going to be a hard-headed document with Theresa


May's ambition, her calculation, is that by saying to the country, I


know there are problems that you wants me to fix, she will come


across as the leader that they believe can sort them. Thank you.


The Liberal Democrats have - as expected - pledged to hold


a second referendum on the final Brexit deal


In their manifesto - which they launched today -


the party promised to spend billions more on housing,


It would be funded in part by a penny increase on income tax.


Other policies include the legalisation of cannabis


and a future ban on sales of diesel cars and vans.


Here's our political correspondent, Vicki Young.


Tim far Ron wants the election to be about Brexit. Someone is going to


have the final say. It could be the politicians, or it could be the


people. I believe it must be the people. But is his message getting


through? I caught up with him as he toured a school. Certainly there are


many people lacking hope. They think that the only thing on the table is


Theresa May's bleak vision of us leaving the EU with a hard Brexit.


There are many people who voted for Remain who accept that result,


something you're unwilling to do and they feel you have got to get on


with it and many thing traichl is the person to do -- Theresa May is


the person to do. Many have given up the fight, what I'm saying is I


haven't. If you believe that Britain's future is better alongside


our neighbours in Europe, you should not be forced to accept a stitch up.


You should have the final say. The manifesto promises ?8 billion of


investment in England and an increase in corporation tax and a


rise in income tax to fund spending on health and an end to the freeze


on working age benefits and to legalise cannabis. There is no


mention of abolishing tuition fees in England, a policy they abandoned


when they went into coalition with the Conservatives. Do you accept


tuition fees were the right thing to do? I voted against the rise. I


think it is important that people keep their word. That is why my


advice to others is don't make promises you can't keep. Would you


reverse it now? We have said we would put money to returning grants


to students to make sure it is affordable. In London the Liberal


Democrat hope to come back. The area voted against Brexit. So how is the


promise of another referendum going down. It is childish to think


because you don't like a decision that has been made and voted for


that you can go back and reverse it. This is democracy, this is the


country we live in and we should stand by that, even though the


decision wasn't one that I liked. I don't think the fight should ever


stop. It is too important and too many lies and yeah we should carry


on fighting until we have no you know fight left in us. I was


disappointed about the news of a potential referendum chl I think


that ship has sailed and it is about getting the best kind of Brexit. How


many seats do you need too gain too keep your job 1234? We need above


all else is to offer the British people this one chance, the last


chance saloon for Britain, if you believe Britain is open, tolerant


and united and reject the extreme version of Brexit and want a better


future, the Liberal Democrats are the only party offering you hope.


Two years ago the Liberal Democrats narrowly avoided election wipe out.


But they hope the vote to leave the EU has thrown them a political


lifeline. Well the Lib Dems are hoping


to attract young voters - not just with that pledge


for another referendum on any Brexit deal, but also


with a number of other policies concerning housing


and the voting age. Our Home Editor Mark Easton


has been to Cambridge, a key target seat for the Lib Dems,


to see what young voters We're here to talk to


you about the election today. Let us know your


thoughts and tweet us. So often ignored by the politicians,


it's loud and clear at This could be about anything such


as Brexit, student tuition, Call Radio Cambridge broadcasts


to thousands of young voters in the Liberal Democrats'


number one target seat. I think politicians have to start


appealing to young people, because these young people


are going to grow old. I think there's many things that


need to be changed, such as tuition, health care, NHS - it


all needs to be different now and I think that a lot of people need


to take the young people's opinions The Liberal Democrat


manifesto promises young people cheaper bus fares, higher


welfare payments, help with housing Is lowering the voting


age the kind of policy that cuts it with these


student hairdressers? A lot of people my age


don't know enough about it and they kind


of they go with that their parents think, so


I don't think it's a great idea. Brexit's a big issue for you,


isn't it, explain why? Well, I'm a British citizen,


but my parents are Portuguese and so are


the rest of my family. How do I know that nothing


will happen to them and they won't have to be going back


to their country and I'm just here? The Liberal Democrats


are saying they want a much softer Brexit that's


going to retain access to the single Is that appealing


for someone like you? I don't know if it's


going to be done. Political wisdom decrees that your


manifesto should appeal to people So the Liberal Democrats'


focus on younger 18 to 24-year-olds


are almost half as This college has been encouraging


students to register before next Monday's deadline, but cities


with large student populations have been reporting a big


drop in registrations. And there's a credibility issue


for the Liberal Democrats. After promising not to put up


university tuition fees in the 2010 election, they voted to do


just that in Government. Are the Liberal Democrats


damaged goods now? I don't really remember


when they put them up, I was probably just


finishing secondary school and stuff, so I didn't pay


attention to it. For me, knowing what they've


done, I wouldn't be I feel like they're stuck


in a catch-22, because what they're giving


is a mix in the middle. They're not going to completely


cut tuition fees, but they're going to offer


a maintenance grant, which is great, it is


Everybody should be given the chance to go to uni.


So these are Liberal Democrat target voters in a Liberal


I'm quite excited, but nervous at the same time.


For the party, a lot depends on how they respond to to promises


There are new warnings that workers are facing a squeeze


The latest figures indicate that wages are not keeping pace


However, another set of figures show that a record number


and good news on jobs - firms hiring plenty


of people as economic growth remains positive.


We are continually recruiting staff, we have grown


really quickly in the last two years from four to 32 people.


We've just employed our new park manager and we've


also employed in the last couple of months a new ground staff.


At this moment on our company website, I think, we have 15


The last time we saw unemployment this low was 1975,


when the price of a pint of milk was a princely seven pence.


It was also an era of high inflation and


Today, inflation is creeping back and


Let's look at the more recent history of


If we go right back to the year 2000,


you can see that earnings were consistently above the rate


That came to an abrupt halt in 2008 when the financial


Wages fell sharply and inflation rose, as things like the


That led to this long period of pay squeeze


and that didn't come to an end until September 2014.


And until today, wages have stayed above the cost of


living, but the gap has been closing and today those lines crossed.


Individual incomes on average are going down again.


Donna Spicer is a teaching assistant from south-east London.


She has faced a pay freeze for four years.


I have no social life because of no money to


and it's a choice of heating and eating.


So one winter it was sitting there with blankets, hot


Low unemployment used to mean higher wages


Higher inflation used to mean workers demanded increased pay


rises, but people are still concerned about asking for a pay


rise and the public sector pay freeze remains in place.


The big question for 2017 is whether wages


respond to either of two big pressures -


If they don't, we're likely to see the pay squeeze continue for some


A way to produce more wealth from the hard hours we work?


That relies on productivity going up.


Until that problem is solved, the danger of a


The number of child migrants and refugees travelling alone


around the world has reached record numbers.


The United Nations is warning that many of them are at risk


of being exploited by smugglers and traffickers.


In the past two years alone at least 300,000 unaccompanied children


160,000 of them applied for asylum in Europe.


Our correspondent, Caroline Hawley, has been to Greece where she has


been talking to children who've fled war and poverty.


They had to cross through five different countries to get here -


three Afghan orphans now being looked after at


Hameed is 15, his brother Ali 13 and Mortaza 11.


Their parents were killed in a Taliban bomb.


The boys arrived here in March after a month-long


journey, partly on foot, in the hands of smugglers.


Hameed says they now want to join their 18-year-old brother in Sweden.


How difficult was the journey, what was the hardest part?


With so many migrants now stuck in Greece,


there's not space in proper shelters for all the unaccompanied children


and there are stories of teenagers being forced to work for no pay


or prostituting themselves for pocket money.


One in ten of the children who've arrived in Greece travelled alone.


These Syrian brothers told me their parents had sent


them to Europe to avoid them being conscripted.


It's very dangerous to stay in Syria because they're taking a lot


of children like us, from the age 16, to the war, to fighting.


In the shelter they live in, 21 teenagers are learning


The man in charge of the refuge fled Iran as a child himself


TRANSLATION: All these kids have psychological difficulties -


they have sleep problems, aggressiveness, self-harm,


not wanting to eat or be around other people.


Some of them will be scarred for life by what they've been through.


And the UN says that record numbers of children are now


on the move around the world without their parents -


driven from their countries by conflict and desperation.


Much more must be done, it says, to protect them.


A brief look at some of the day's other news stories.


A council has been ordered to pay nearly ?200,000 to a former member


of staff who was sexually abused by a council official.


Richard Rowe, who's waived his right to anonymity, successfully sued


Sheffield City Council after being assaulted


Dodds, who's 81, was imprisoned in February for a series of assaults.


A lawyer for Ian Brady has made clear that the ashes


of the Moors Murderer, who died on Monday, will not be


scattered on Saddleworth Moor in Greater Manchester,


where most of his victims were buried.


The assurance came during a Coroner's Court hearing this


The Irish Prime Minister, Enda Kenny, has announced


he will stand down next month when his party, Fine Gael,


He led the country through the economic crisis,


but his position was weakened after last year's election


which resulted in a minority coalition government.


The former American soldier, Chelsea Manning -


who was behind one of the biggest intelligence leaks in US history -


has been released from military prison.


The 29-year-old was expected to remain in jail until 2045,


but President Obama commuted her sentence just before he left


Our correspondent, Rajini Vaidyanathan,


Chelsea Manning, seen here in her final days behind bars.


Held in an all-male prison, she won her fight to have surgery


As she stepped out to a new life, she shared photos of the everyday


In a statement she said she was looking forward to so much.


Chelsea Manning left the military prison here at Fort Leavenworth


in the early hours of this morning under the cover of darkness.


Her supporters say she's a whistle-blower and a hero,


but in the past Donald Trump's called her an "ungrateful traitor."


And that's a view shared by many people I've spoken to near the base


here who believe her actions put many lives at risk.


It was while she was living as Bradley Manning that she was


convicted of one of the largest leaks of government


A low ranking Army private in Iraq, Manning hacked government databases,


handing hundreds of thousands of classified documents


It included this video of a US Apache helicopter strike


in Iraq, which killed civilians and journalists.


And diplomatic cables which revealed the private


WikiLeaks had very significant impacts.


In certain countries, for a variety of reasons,


it did not necessarily have the global impact


But Chelsea Manning put real American interests


Supporters have been campaigning for her release for years.


They say she faced discrimination in prison because of her transgender


identity, which she revealed shortly after her sentencing.


She's learned how to live with her situation, as it was,


because she thought you was going to be there for a long time,


and now she's ready to get out and, more importantly, she's ready


to finally be able to live as the woman that she is.


For now, Chelsea Manning will remain a member of the US


military, without pay, as she appeals her conviction.


Chelsea Manning's release has been met with a mixed reaction. Her


friend say she could take on a public role as a campaigner for


transgender rights. In the seven years she spent behind bars, society


has changed a quite a bit. Transgender are now able to serve


openingly in the US military. Thank you.


More on the election campaign now and the latest in our series looking


at the new shape of politics in the UK.


It's now three years since Scotland chose to remain a part


Tonight, our special correspondent, Allan Little, reports on how


the principle fault line in this election campaign still seems to be


There's new energy in the Scottish Conservative Party,


for 20 years they'd all but disappeared from the electoral


map, now they're ahead of Labour as the second party


Strong and stable leadership is not front and centre stage here,


it's the Union that dominates their campaign message.


People are leaving Labour and coming to us because we are the party


of the Union and it's the party you can put your trust in.


The second independence referendum was the issue that motivated me


to join the Conservative Party and to take an active part in,


Yes, as soon as you go door-to-door, start door-knocking,


the first thing they want to talk about, it's supposed to be


local issues and then it becomes very, very much


It is the number one issue in Scotland.


Until recently, general elections in Scotland were about the same


question as in the rest of the country, namely -


And for 50 years, Scotland's answer to that question was Labour.


The independence referendum of 2014 realigned Scottish politics.


Now the question is not so much - who do you want to govern Britain,


but do you want to be in Britain at all?


In the 20th Century, Scots were devoted Unionists,


bound into the UK by the great shared enterprises of Empire,


the Second World War and the post-war welfare state.


The nationalised industries - coal, steel, shipbuilding -


were bedrocks, not just of Labour loyalty, but of British


Miners in Fife were part of the community of shared interest


with miners in Yorkshire and South Wales.


The deindustrialisation of the 1980s and 90s brought down these powerful


For much of the 20th Century, Dundee was a Labour fortress.


In 2014, it became yes city, voting for independence


by the largest margin in the country.


So I've been kind of falling out of love with Labour for a long time.


That experience pushed many traditional Labour


Jane Phillips was among them, she believes independence is inevitable.


The idea is there and it's like trying to unknow something.


You can't unknow it, and now that idea is out there,


It's like, think of all the other countries in the world who've


got their independence, think about the British Empire.


Once this notion of independence was out there, it was


You can't unknow that idea of taking control of your own future.


Does the Conservative revival mean that the


In some ways, the Conservative resurgence seems to suggest that


actually the constitutional issue matters perhaps more than it


ever has because it's the Conservative Party,


more than any other party, that are talking about independence


and the threat of independence and that helps them,


they feel it's helped them to be the party of choice for those


who are, first and foremost, in favour of Scotland remaining


The Conservatives and the SNP together have changed


The fault line is not so much left versus right,


independence, for or against, is what divides Scotland now.


They are known as 'bots' - fake profiles created on social


media posting millions of automated messages.


They're increasingly being used to spread propaganda,


sometimes by foreign powers and often without us


Today, the Information Commissioner said she would launch a formal


investigation into the way political campaigns use new digital tools


to win votes, as our media editor,


This is the moment in crime thriller Homeland when bots or fake


personalities online, are put to work.


You'll find a new set of talking points in your folders.


But the threat that they pose to democracy is fast


Researchers at the Oxford Internet Institute witnessed a huge explosion


in the use of bots around the US election last year.


A bot's basically a bit of software that automates


The question is - how can you tell the difference


Well, what I'm showing you here is an account on Twitter


that says that it was started in July 2015, but it


It looks like it's tweeting on a really particular schedule.


So it says four hours, four hours, four hours,


all of the tweets are coming up within minutes of one another


And what those shows us is that - there's a couple of things -


one, that it's tweeting much more regularly than a person could.


And two, that it's tweeting on a very particular schedule.


There are fears bots could be used to influence Britain's


Many experts believe Russia has already used bots to target


the French and US elections, a claim Russia denies.


Leading academics say bots are degrading the truth by spreading


There are users who can't distinguish between a message that


comes from their friends or their family and a message


In a close election, where you need 2% or 3%


of the popular vote to make a difference, to push you over


the edge, having an automated campaign that can get you those


voters who are a little uncertain or don't quite know,


getting those small numbers of voters to believe


a lie about your opponent is sensible strategy.


Bots are a 21st Century form of propaganda.


The question is whether the law and public awareness have kept pace


And while extremists and foreign powers use bots to influence


elections and change our behaviour, it's only now that we're


Bots will form part of a formal investigation announced today


by the Information Commissioner, she'll report later this year


on how personal data is being captured and exploited


I think there needs to be public awareness.


Somebody needs to pull back the curtain and look


behind-the-scenes to see how all of this data may be mashed up,


may be linked and may be used to push people


There has to be transparency around that.


But it's not yet clear how to protect British voters from bots.


Without strong defences in place, they could undermine the very idea


Here, on BBC One, it's time for the news where you are.