09/07/2017 BBC News at Ten


09/07/2017

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After a nine month battle, the Iraqi government says it has

:00:09.:00:13.

liberated the city held by IS extremists for three years.

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by its civilians has been immense. of Iraqi troops but the price paid

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and nearly a million people killed or injured,

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displaced from their homes by the fighting.

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We'll be analysing what the future holds for Mosul and for IS.

:00:30.:00:34.

the parents of terminally ill Charlie Gard take

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to the hospital treating him. by their supporters

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Drugs, drones and mobile phones, of people who think

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How to make a masterpiece, causing in our prisons.

:00:55.:01:01.

SHOUTING of outstanding sculptures.

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SHOUTING CHEERING

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COMMENTATOR: There goes another one! in their first test of the summer.

:01:10.:01:13.

wickets as England beat South Africa The Iraqi government said today

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that the city of Mosul has been liberated from so-called

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Islamic State, three years after it was first

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occupied by the extremists. its "caliphate" in 2014.

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was where IS declared In the last nine months

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has been gradually reduced it's been targeted in

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Mosul by the Iraqi army backed by US and

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coalition air strikes. And has lost ground,

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street-by-street. Tonight, the Defence Secretary Sir

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Michael Fallon congratulated the Iraqis and highlighted the role

:02:18.:02:19.

played by the RAF. But as our Defence Correspondent

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Jonathan Beale has seen in Mosul, civilians driven from their homes.

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with an estimated 800,000 VOICEOVER: What was once a beautiful

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old city is now mostly rubble. Every building deeply scarred

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or destroyed by months of war. We joined the search and rescue

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teams looking for survivors. But more often, they are

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just recovering bodies. Ali is hoping against hope

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the strong smell of decay. that his brother and his

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family are still alive. Their house was hit in an air strike

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just a few weeks ago. It was being used by

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Islamic State fighters. Ali says that he spoke

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to his brother on this phone And then, he stopped answering.

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under the rubble. All they find here

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is decaying corpses. While that was happening,

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everywhere they go. the Iraqi Prime Minister

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was en route to Mosul, He arrived draped with an Iraqi flag

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of the city. and surrounded by troops who spent

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the last nine months trying to wrestle the city from IS

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control, in the toughest of battles. Even this morning there

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was the sound of gunfire, the children so used to it,

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they don't even flinch. This territory up there is still

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through any way they can to safety. This territory up there is still

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under Islamic State control, a small parcel of land.

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As you can see, they are pretty desperate.

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fighting to survive. from IS when you have just been

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These family say they have little food or water.

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They have left behind loved ones under rubble.

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Many will carry the scars of this battle for the rest of their lives.

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Now, after three years, of IS for much of their short lives.

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Iraq's Prime Minister has declared their city liberated.

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But for these families, it has come at a huge price.

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What does this moment mean for Mosul Jeremy Bowen is here.

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What does this moment mean for Mosul and for Iraq? Well, it is cause to

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celebrate, Islamic State's grip has been prised off Iraq and across the

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board in Syria as well. But this does not mean peace, it does not

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mean the end of their ideology, either, these jihadists groups are

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very good at regenerating themselves. The problem is, Iraq and

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Syria and other countries in the region have been incubators for that

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kind of ideology and some of the forces, poor governance, poverty,

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Shia-Sunni hatred, sectarian hatred, inter-Muslim hatred, all of that has

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fed in, and those factors are still there. As for Iraq itself, all kinds

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of risks of renewed civil war. The problem is, the country has been

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coming apart at the seams, the Kurdish, in the North, are having an

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independence referendum in September. If Iraq continues to

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fracture like that, then it will be accompanied by a great deal of

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violence. The parents of Charlie Gard,

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the 11-month old who has a terminal genetic disorder,

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handed a petition to Great Ormond Street hospital today

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asking for him to be allowed to travel to the United States

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for experimental drug treatment. Wyre Davies reports.

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the case again tomorrow You are urged ordinarily. VOICEOVER:

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His parents say that they will accept help and support from

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wherever it comes. We continue to pray for their precious, beautiful

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son. Who has captured the imagination of the world.

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11-month-old Charlie is severely disabled and brain damage, his

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future has been the subject of a long legal battle, doctors at Great

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Ormond Street Hospital said that no treatment will improve the quality

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of his life and they should be allowed to switch off life-support

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systems, a view supported by a High Court ruling. Today, is parents

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delivered a petition signed by 350,000 people to the hospital,

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after they say new medical information suggests there are some

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might be able to benefit from experimental treatment overseas.

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There is just a lot of people who think what has happened here is

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wrong. You know, parents know their children best. People making

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decisions about him have spent very little time with him. We are there

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24 hours a day. If he was suffering and in pain, we could not sit there.

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Legally handing in the petition does not change anything but the

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supporters and the parents are emboldened by new medical

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information coming from Italy and the United States. Great Ormond

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Street Hospital is not issued a statement today, doctors stand by

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the original ruling. The crux of the matter is, you should have a say

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over the future of Charlie, says the American pastor now supporting the

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family. He denies turning this into a religious argument. Should the

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courts and government officials be involved in what should be a parent

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's decision? They are the ones interfering, they are the ones

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usurping rights. Great Ormond Street says its doctors have explored every

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possible treatment, the hospital has requested another High Court hearing

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tomorrow, with those of what it describes as the new claims from

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overseas. STUDIO: The new Justice Secretary

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says he's determined after it was revealed that more

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service than 200 kilograms of drugs

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and 13,000 mobile phones were found in jails in England

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and Wales last year. David Liddington said

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the number of prison officers was being increased following cuts

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under the coalition government. Here's our Home Affairs

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correspondent Dominic Casciani. VOICEOVER: London's Pentonville

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Prison late last year. Orders from inmates for drugs

:09:02.:09:03.

and mobile phones being delivered walls and security netting,

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packages thrown or catapulted over It is big business.

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hooks to recover them. of what is going on.

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of Justice show the industrial scale 13,000 mobile phones,

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five kilograms of drugs seized, become a fact of life.

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large-scale prisons smuggling has I'll tell you what, in some prisons,

:09:23.:09:25.

it is easier to get drugs and phones How about that?

:09:26.:09:29.

to do education. People are stuck in a cell,

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23 hours a day, they want escape. Look, people in society go

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to the pub for escape, in prison, ridiculous.

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to suggest it will not happen Prison inspectors say that drugs

:09:39.:09:42.

fuel violence inside and phones Labour says deep cuts are to blame.

:09:43.:09:44.

in the community. Ministers have pledged

:09:45.:09:48.

an extra 2,500 officers than seven years ago.

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but there will still be fewer staff Up 10,000 since 2010.

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on violence and staffing that At the same time, front line prison

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officers have fallen, to just over 18,000,

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that is down almost 6500. What I'm determined to do is to try

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to bring about improvements, in getting extra prison officers,

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Liz Truss, did in putting in place

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effective measures to detect more accurately

:10:32.:10:32.

the problem we have with drugs, so they are more secure places.

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drones and mobile phones in prison, But drones remain

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the biggest challenge. Walls around the prison won't stop

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airborne contraband, so police are turning

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to intelligence to stop the drones. is big money to be made.

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out there because there STUDIO: The Prime Minister

:10:56.:11:03.

will try to regain the political initiative this week with a speech

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in which she will say her "commitment to change

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Britain is undimmed." It's expected Theresa May

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will reiterate her desire to deliver on what she promised

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when she took office a year ago. We can expect the nobody behind the

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Mason is in Downing Street. We can expect the nobody behind the

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black door will describe this as a relaunch but there is a sense that

:11:25.:11:30.

after the commotion and turbulence of the last couple of months, the

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voluntarily called general election in which she slipped backwards, is

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that she would like to project getting on with the job and fighting

:11:38.:11:41.

back. There is a real awareness that after the turbulence, the headlines

:11:42.:11:45.

that continue to emerge, gossip among Conservative MPs, which one

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cabinet minister today had to dismiss as a result of Conservatives

:11:49.:11:53.

having too much per second in the warm sunshine(!), Theresa May needs

:11:54.:11:57.

to prove that she can lead. But the simple reality of that shrivelled

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majority is that governing will be difficult. -- -- too much prosecco

:12:03.:12:11.

in the warm More than 100,000

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people have taken part city, Istanbul.

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demonstration in Turkey's biggest Crowds waved red and white Turkish

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flags as the opposition leader called for the restoration

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of justice. Our correspondent Mark Lowen

:12:32.:12:33.

reports from Istanbul. But not today.

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to speak out in Turkey now. An unparalleled act of defiance

:12:36.:12:38.

against president Erdogan, hundreds of thousands streaming

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into Istanbul, under the word "justice", some of them walking

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the 280 miles from Ankara. you are treated well.

:12:43.:12:44.

with the government on state But if you are thinking differently,

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asking for some benefits, Erdogan is a tough leader,

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as a terrorist. he does not like us,

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he does not like modern people. Protest began when an opposition MP

:13:02.:13:04.

was jailed but grew fast. 68-year-old opposition leader.

:13:05.:13:07.

in the heat, headed by the sprightly They are fighting repression,

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50,000 people arrested since last year's failed coup,

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140,000 sacked or suspended. what he called a dictatorship.

:13:13.:13:18.

law, justice", and vowed to end oppression, and persecution.

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up against injustice, I want peace and fraternity, I call

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on all of us to live together. This has shaken President Erdogan,

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let our differences be our richness. It is rhetoric that rubs off

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for supporting terrorism. on the half of Turkey that

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loves him, like this shop owner. good by foreign powers.

:13:52.:14:02.

leader only wants to look not the terrorists.

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he should represent me, The more secular, liberal side

:14:06.:14:09.

of Turkey has found its voice

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with this movement. a fragmented opposition.

:14:11.:14:12.

for the rule of law uniting The question now is whether they can

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sustain this momentum and challenge the government at the next

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election, in 2019. including from Jeremy Corbyn.

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support here, and abroad, will be a far tougher task.

:14:24.:14:26.

into a credible political movement STUDIO: Family doctors

:14:27.:14:39.

are being urged to seek out following major disasters such

:14:40.:14:43.

mental ill-health as the Manchester attacks

:14:44.:14:47.

and the Grenfell Tower fire. after a major traumatic event.

:14:48.:14:50.

emerge several weeks -- STUDIO: Family doctors

:14:51.:14:55.

are being urged to seek out patients following major disasters such

:14:56.:14:57.

mental ill-health as the Manchester attacks

:14:58.:15:00.

and the Grenfell Tower fire. NHS England says support

:15:01.:15:02.

services are available. Our Health Editor

:15:03.:15:04.

Hugh Pym has more. VOICEOVER: The physical injuries may

:15:05.:15:06.

be healing, but today, I think what the NHS needs to do...

:15:07.:15:08.

scars will take a lot longer. is one of a team of volunteers

:15:09.:15:17.

near Grenfell Tower, working with the NHS to reach local

:15:18.:15:21.

people most in need of support. I live in a tower as well,

:15:22.:15:24.

he knows what others so those first few days,

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I could not sleep, at all, I could not stop thinking

:15:33.:15:34.

about the tower, Grenfell Tower, I could not stop thinking

:15:35.:15:37.

about is only people in need. Also because I live in a tower,

:15:38.:15:39.

I think, that could have been me. Local GPs near Grenfell Tower

:15:40.:15:46.

say that four weeks on, people are still coming

:15:47.:15:49.

in with acute stress. after a traumatic event.

:15:50.:15:51.

problems can emerge sometime It's starting to have an effect

:15:52.:15:54.

on them now, in terms of anxiety symptoms,

:15:55.:15:57.

not being able to sleep at night, hearing screaming from the building.

:15:58.:15:59.

in who wake up at night time, It is very distressing

:16:00.:16:03.

for these patients. Another doctor makes this urgent

:16:04.:16:05.

appeal to the authorities. as soon as possible,

:16:06.:16:08.

adequate, permanent housing, because it is going to be really

:16:09.:16:14.

difficult to expect them to get well and engage in therapy and start

:16:15.:16:19.

to try and heal when something as fundamental as permanent housing

:16:20.:16:22.

is still up in the air. NHS England has promised to give GPs

:16:23.:16:27.

the backing they need, though there is no offer

:16:28.:16:30.

of new funding. Will more money and resources be

:16:31.:16:32.

needed to meet extra demand? We believe yes, more

:16:33.:16:36.

people will come forward for trauma counselling,

:16:37.:16:38.

we want them to. And we are very certain

:16:39.:16:42.

we can meet the need. mental challenges are now emerging.

:16:43.:16:53.

staff involved in major emergencies, Really, people have been

:16:54.:16:59.

in shock up until now, there has not been time to find out

:17:00.:17:02.

if people really do have any trying to process what happened.

:17:03.:17:05.

because we are still being, mind blanks things out.

:17:06.:17:08.

because, you know, your as well as patients

:17:09.:17:12.

systems for its staff caught up in the aftermath of

:17:13.:17:18.

trauma and tragedy. STUDIO: Contemporary

:17:19.:17:31.

sculptures by artists like Damian Hirst and Sarah Lucas

:17:32.:17:33.

may be world famous, but the people who actually make

:17:34.:17:35.

them are less well known. Now, a new exhibition in Chester's

:17:36.:17:40.

ancient cathedral brings together 90 art works,

:17:41.:17:43.

many created by a single foundry. Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz has

:17:44.:17:45.

been finding out more. VOICEOVER: The Medieval magnificence

:17:46.:17:53.

of Chester Cathedral. with contemporary art.

:17:54.:17:57.

Gothic splendour will rub shoulders Angus Fairhurst and Sarah Lucas.

:17:58.:18:03.

Damien Hirst, Lynn Chadwick, But they did not make the works,

:18:04.:18:10.

they were fabricated here, deep in rural Gloucestershire

:18:11.:18:12.

at what is quite possibly This is a sand mould,

:18:13.:18:14.

foundry in the world. of casting the work.

:18:15.:18:19.

that is another way It was set up by Rungwe Kingdon

:18:20.:18:24.

and his wife in the mid-1980s, and now employs nearly 200 craftsmen

:18:25.:18:28.

and women, producing sculptures from an artist.

:18:29.:18:33.

on than a sketched drawing The old-fashioned way

:18:34.:18:37.

of an artist making an object, bringing it to a foundry,

:18:38.:18:44.

and there's a service you get it, you make

:18:45.:18:46.

a mould and you cast it into bronze, that's actually probably a smaller

:18:47.:18:49.

part of what we do now. It's much more about artists trying

:18:50.:18:52.

to make an image with a foundry. Do you ever get to a situation

:18:53.:18:57.

where you think, No, absolutely not.

:18:58.:19:05.

I should be signing this work?" You need artists, you

:19:06.:19:08.

need their language, you need their image,

:19:09.:19:10.

you need their ideas, they are the people who literally

:19:11.:19:12.

create our culture, and we are the people who help them

:19:13.:19:14.

make that material reality. craftsmanship of another age.

:19:15.:19:17.

amazing connection to To be able to put the craftsmanship

:19:18.:19:20.

and the art of this age, I see myself perhaps as a composer.

:19:21.:19:23.

and craft of the medieval age, by which the work is realised.

:19:24.:19:30.

Pangolin is the orchestra, Without the orchestra,

:19:31.:19:33.

the music simply stays on the page. Chester Cathedral was built

:19:34.:19:40.

by craftsmen nearly 1000 years ago. Pangolin say their sculptures

:19:41.:19:42.

are made to last just as long. Will Gompertz, BBC News.

:19:43.:19:48.

for future generations to ponder. England's cricketers have won

:19:49.:20:04.

the first Test against South Africa by 211 runs in an emphatic

:20:05.:20:10.

display at Lords. Andy Swiss watched the action.

:20:11.:20:13.

despite a batting collapse VOICEOVER: for England,

:20:14.:20:29.

it was a day which ended so perfectly and yet began

:20:30.:20:31.

so poorly for England. losing seven wickets before lunch.

:20:32.:20:33.

from the bad old days, Liam Dawson's the most spectacular,

:20:34.:20:36.

no-one saw that coming. Once again a key man slipped

:20:37.:20:38.

through South Africa's fingers, Jonny Bairstow with

:20:39.:20:46.

an early reprieve. He went on to frustrate them

:20:47.:20:47.

with a half century. South Africa's target 331,

:20:48.:20:50.

and Bairstow was back to haunt them. South Africa capitulated.

:20:51.:20:53.

the stumps, and from there There was no doubting

:20:54.:20:57.

the star of the show. Indeed it was all over in barely the

:20:58.:21:00.

South Africa spinning. Indeed it was all over in barely the

:21:01.:21:08.

blink of an eye, the 19th wicket of an astonishing day. For Joe Root, in

:21:09.:21:14.

his first game in charge, one to remember. And so a dramatic and

:21:15.:21:20.

emphatic victory for England, there are new era and a new captain is off

:21:21.:21:22.

Andy Swiss, BBC News, Lord's. is off to the best possible start.

:21:23.:21:31.

STUDIO: England's women beat defending champions Australia

:21:32.:21:33.

finish at Bristol. runs, in a thrilling

:21:34.:21:37.

but couldn't do it. off their last ball,

:21:38.:21:40.

and are top of the standings. four matches in a row

:21:41.:21:44.

13 years after leaving the club. from Manchester United,

:21:45.:21:47.

Top scorer for both club and country, Rooney had become

:21:48.:21:50.

increasingly sidelined in recent seasons.

:21:51.:21:59.

Richard Conway reports. to Goodison Park for free

:22:00.:22:08.

COMMENTATOR: That is Wayne Rooney! greats and Manchester United's

:22:09.:22:16.

But with his playing time limited at Old Trafford,

:22:17.:22:18.

I'm ecstatic. I have kept it quiet to the club he has

:22:19.:22:26.

I'm ecstatic. I have kept it quiet but I have been wearing Everton

:22:27.:22:27.

pyjamas all this time! There was talk of Wayne Rooney

:22:28.:22:30.

perhaps moving to China or maybe even America,

:22:31.:22:33.

but in the end he has opted to come back to where it all began

:22:34.:22:36.

for him as a young boy, and the fans will be walking

:22:37.:22:39.

through these gates at the start The man who discovered Rooney

:22:40.:22:41.

in the blue of Everton. as an eight-year-old playing

:22:42.:22:46.

for a junior team in Liverpool says he remembers a boy who simply

:22:47.:22:48.

loved to score goals. Strength of him, you know,

:22:49.:22:51.

he was only a little lad, you know, and,

:22:52.:22:53.

but that was young Wayne. He has been a long

:22:54.:22:55.

time gone from here. Too long, really.

:22:56.:22:57.

Welcome home. of the player he once was,

:22:58.:22:59.

Rooney to be a shadow Everton fans will hope this move can

:23:00.:23:02.

inspire a return to his very best. For Rooney, there may be a sense

:23:03.:23:06.

of unfinished business at a club And that's the sport.

:23:07.:23:09.

to his heart. That's almost it from us,

:23:10.:23:19.

but before we go, here's a look ahead to a special series coming up

:23:20.:23:21.

this week on the BBC News at Ten. Our China Editor Carrie Gracie

:23:22.:23:25.

will be looking at what's being called its project

:23:26.:23:27.

of the century, This is China's ancient silk Road,

:23:28.:23:32.

to create a new Silk Road. This is China's ancient silk Road,

:23:33.:23:42.

laden camels once set out for the markets of the West, now, China

:23:43.:23:48.

wants to create a much bigger 21st-century version but can it do

:23:49.:23:53.

it? Join me on a 7000 mile journey to find out, here on BBC News.

:23:54.:23:59.

That's coming up throughout the week.

:24:00.:24:10.