20/02/2018 BBC News at Ten


20/02/2018

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Tonight at ten:

0:00:050:00:07

The desperate plight

of people in Eastern Ghouta,

0:00:070:00:09

as Syrian Government forces step

up their bombardment.

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The suburb, held by rebel forces,

is being flattened by the heaviest

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bombardment of recent years.

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Some 200 people have been killed

in the past three days and many

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injured, including children.

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Despite the evidence, the Syrian

regime denies targeting civilians

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in its unrelenting airstrikes.

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As the bombing campaign intensifies,

our Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen

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will examine whether this a turning

point in the seven-year conflict.

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Also tonight:

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Oxfam bosses come

to Parliament to face questions

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about their handling of the crisis

involving allegations

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of sexual misconduct.

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Please allow me to begin

by saying how sorry I am

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Scientists find the cause of a rare

disorder that can lead

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to serious disfigurement

and be life-threatening.

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My hopes and dreams for the funding

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and the research is we'll

one day find a cure

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And Christie goes down before

they reach the very first corner.

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More heartbreak for Team

GB's Elise Christie,

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as her hopes of a Winter Olympic

medal have disappeared.

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And coming up, I'm at

Stamford Bridge with the latest

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as Chelsea take on Barcelona

in the Champions League.

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And coming upon Sportsday on BBC

News, could Chelsea get the better

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of Barcelona in the first leg

of their last 16 tie

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Good evening.

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The United Nations says it's deeply

concerned about the fate of hundreds

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of thousands of people

in the Syrian district

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of Eastern Ghouta, which is still

under rebel control.

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Syrian Government forces have

carried out some of the heaviest

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bombardments of recent years,

supported by the Russian military.

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Activists say that in the past

three days of airstrikes

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and artillery fire,

some 200 people -

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including many children -

have been killed in Eastern Ghouta.

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This report by our Middle East

editor Jeremy Bowen

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contains some distressing images.

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This could be the beginning

of the end of a rebellion

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in Eastern Ghouta that

began in 2012.

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All the other smaller rebel-held

enclaves around Damascus have been

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starved and bombed into submission.

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EXPLOSION, SCREAMING

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Now, it looks to be

Eastern Ghouta's turn as the regime

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pushes for decisive victory

around the capital.

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SCREAMING

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SIRENS

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Activists in Eastern Ghouta say this

is as bad as it's been.

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You can hear the shout and crying

of women and children

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through the windows of their homes

and the missiles and mortars

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dropping on us like rain.

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There is nowhere to hide from this

nightmare in Eastern Ghouta.

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A generation has been

born into the war.

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Dozens have been killed

by it in the last few hours

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in Eastern Ghouta.

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Over the years of siege,

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they've set up a network

of underground hospitals.

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This girl, named in Arabic

"Angel", escaped the worst,

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but will have to go back

to the streets to get home.

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And this is her area.

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With a regime plane

dropping what appears

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to be a barrel bomb,

unguided - an indiscriminate killer.

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The Syrian regime denies

attacking civilians.

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It says it's trying to liberate

Eastern Ghouta from terrorists.

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Eastern Ghouta is a sprawling mix

of concrete suburbs and farmland,

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starting about nine miles east

of Damascus' city centre.

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starting about nine miles east

of Damascus city centre.

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The Syrian rebels who have

controlled it since 2012 include

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several Islamist militias,

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including one with its

roots in Al-Qaeda.

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Eastern Ghouta is surrounded

by Syrian government forces.

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Before the war, it was just a short

drive from the Syrian

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Presidential Palace.

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Officially, it's been designated

a de-escalation zone,

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that is an empty phrase.

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Force decides what happens in Syria.

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After seven years, Syria's war isn't

ending, but it's changing.

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President Assad, with the help

of Russia and Iran, is now secure,

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but Syria is linked into a web

of war and power politics,

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which guarantees more bloodshed.

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How many times in the last seven

years have Syrians dug through

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the rubble for survivors?

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There's talk of safe

corridors out for civilians,

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but, based on past form,

the regime wants victory

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in Eastern Ghouta and

the surrender of the rebels.

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Jeremy Bowen, BBC News.

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Jeremy Hunt is with me. If Assad's

forces do manage to gain control of

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Eastern Ghouta, will that constitute

a turning point in this conflict?

It

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will be really important for the

regime and the area around the

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capital Damascus. It is not, though,

the end of the war. Back when the

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war was starting in 2012, 2013, I

was able to cross into Eastern

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Ghouta. It was very difficult then,

impossible recently, but there were

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real high hopes because there were

other enclaves around the edge of

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the capital and they hoped this

would really be a knife to the heart

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of the regime. As we see, it looks

now very much as if Assad is

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preparing to try and roll up this

final enclave around Damascus and

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that will secure his victory around

the capital and so for him and for

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the capital, it's a very big moment.

The reason I say the war isn't over

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is because of what is happening

elsewhere. Up in a zero, very

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tangled, some big, important powers

involved. Russia is involved, Iran

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is involved, the Turks, Americans

and British special forces

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and British special forces there as

of people competing for influence in

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that particular area. Power politics

coming to get -- together with the

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threat of war and also the whole

position of Iran, perceived as a big

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threat by the Israelis, who are also

getting involved their increasingly,

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by the Americans and the Saudis, who

have been big players in the war as

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well, so we are seeing a different

cast of characters but we are

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continuing to see bloodshed and all

that means is it is certainly not

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over.

Jeremy, thank you very much.

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And for more details

on the background to the war

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in Syria, you can visit

bbc.co.uk/news for our analysis

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on the seven-year conflict.

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Pieces by Jeremy and other

colleagues, too.

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That's bbc.co.uk/news.

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The charity Oxfam is now

investigating 26 allegations

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of sexual misconduct,

which have been reported since

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allegations were made against some

of its workers in Haiti.

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The charity's leaders

were questioned today

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by a Parliamentary committee

at Westminster, when they admitted

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that thousands of people had

cancelled their monthly donations

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since the the scandal broke,

as our diplomatic correspondent

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James Landale reports.

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In 2010, Haiti was flooded

with aid workers,

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most there to help the country

recover from the earthquake.

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But seven men from Oxfam

were also hiring prostitutes

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and bullying colleagues,

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men who were eventually dismissed

or allowed to resign.

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Today, the charity's most senior

executives were summoned

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to Parliament to explain what had

gone on and why Oxfam hadn't been

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more open and done more

to stop it happening again.

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Sorry wasn't the half of it.

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I am sorry, we are sorry,

for the damage that Oxfam has done.

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On behalf of the Council of Oxfam,

that we are ashamed of what happened

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in Haiti, we don't think

it was well handled.

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Please allow me to begin

by saying how sorry I am

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about what has happened.

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I am ashamed.

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In particular, Oxfam's chief

executive apologised for suggesting

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the criticism the charity

was getting was disproportionate,

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saying it wasn't as if babies had

been murdered in their cots.

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I do apologise.

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I was thinking under stress.

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I had given many interviews,

I had made many decisions

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to try and lead Oxfam's

response to this.

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Oxfam, he admitted, had not been

explicit about what went

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on and was now paying a price.

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7,000 people have cancelled

their regular donations

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in the past ten days.

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Corporate sponsors

were reserving judgment.

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And...

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How many more revelations have

come to your notice?

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Across Oxfam Great Britain,

we have had about 26 stories,

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reports, come to us that were either

new reports come out

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as a result of the stories,

or earlier stories, where people

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said, "I didn't necessarily

report this at the time."

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MPs just couldn't hide

their frustration.

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You as an organisation are dealing

with these women and girls

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as if they are just trinkets,

and you can pay for them and give

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them a bit of aid and that's OK.

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And you don't, when you know

about it, the organisation does not

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report it to the

Haitian authorities.

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That's pretty shocking.

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It's really heartbreaking that...

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It is.

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That we are in this situation.

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But I want to assure

you that we are not doing nothing.

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From our point of view, does it not

look like Oxfam was more interested

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in protecting its own brand

than protecting vulnerable

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women and girls?

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It may look like that, Mr Law.

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I can't do anything other than say

I think it was wrong.

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I am conscious of the

fact you didn't hold

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responsibility at the time.

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The committee chairman said

he would now hold a full enquiry,

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the fourth that Oxfam is now

facing, to ensure it

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gets its house in order.

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So, Oxfam is apologising to MPs,

it's being more transparent.

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But what is clear from today's

evidence is that to recover public

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trust, it will have to change

a culture that tolerated the

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exploitation of vulnerable women.

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Thank you, Mr Speaker.

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In the Commons, Oxfam was warned

that if new safeguarding procedures

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were not in place by the end of next

week, then current government

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funding could be cut.

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The UK Government reserves the right

to take whatever decisions

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about present or future funding

to Oxfam or any other

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organisation we deem necessary.

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The real test will come, of course,

not in Haiti but the next time

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there is another natural disaster

and the world's aid industry

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is deployed once again.

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James is with me now. We have been

focusing, understandably, on Oxfam's

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difficulties but tonight, another

charity facing difficult questions.

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These allegations about somebody

called Justin Forsyth, former

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Downing Street adviser and former

chief executive of Save The

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Children. Radio 4's PM programme

revealed Mr Forsyth was subject to

0:11:540:11:59

three separate complaints of

inappropriate behaviour towards

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female members of staff before he

left the Save The Children in 2015.

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Mr Forsyth said in a statement he

had made personal mistakes and "I

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recognise that on a few occasions I

had a unsuitable and thoughtless,

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stations with colleagues which I now

know caused offence and hurt. I

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apologise unreservedly to the

colleagues involved and I thought

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the issue closed many years ago." Mr

Forsyth is currently a senior figure

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at the UN charity Unicef and it said

tonight it is discussing the matter

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with him "So we can take appropriate

action." This of course is the

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second case involving the charity in

recent days. Brendan Cox, the

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husband of the murdered MP Jo Cox,

admitted at the weekend that he had

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made mistakes and behaved in a way

that caused some women heard and

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offence when he had worked at the

same charity.

James, thanks very

0:12:480:12:51

much.

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The Brexit Secretary David Davis has

tried to reassure the EU that the UK

0:12:530:12:56

won't pursue a radical programme

of deregulation after Britain

0:12:560:13:00

leaves the European Union.

0:13:000:13:03

Speaking ahead of a meeting

on Thursday when senior ministers

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will try to agree the Government's

position on a final Brexit deal,

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Mr Davis told business leaders

in Vienna that the UK wants

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to promote rights and standards.

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Labour says the assurance

from Mr Davis is not worth

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the paper it's written on,

as our political correspondent

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Vicki Young reports.

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The UK has decided to carve

out a different path

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to the European Union.

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But ministers don't seem to be

preparing for a sharp change

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in direction.

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The message here in Vienna

was more about reassurance.

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David Davis denying accusations

from Labour that the Government

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plans to sweep away rules that

protect workers or the environment.

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They fear that Brexit

could lead to an Anglo-Saxon

0:13:430:13:46

race to the bottom.

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With Britain plunged into a Mad Max

style world borrowed

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from dystopian fiction.

0:13:510:13:54

These fears about a race

to the bottom are based on nothing.

0:13:540:13:58

He argued that high standards

could help ensure trade with the EU

0:13:580:14:02

remained as frictionless

as possible, with both sides

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recognising each other's

rules and institutions.

0:14:050:14:09

Some of the business leaders

in the audience who want to keep

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close ties to Britain

were encouraged by Mr Davis' words.

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I think his tone is now different

to what it was maybe one year ago.

0:14:160:14:20

In reality, hopefully it

will bring us together.

0:14:200:14:23

In the end, there will be

closer relationships

0:14:230:14:29

In the end, there will be

close relationships

0:14:290:14:31

between the EU and the UK,

otherwise nobody will win.

0:14:310:14:33

David Davis' words today are a far

cry from what many in his own party

0:14:330:14:37

have been saying about the need

to break away from the burden of EU

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red tape that's been stifling

British business for decades.

0:14:400:14:44

He prefers to talk now about ongoing

cooperation and mutual trust with

0:14:440:14:48

the European Union after Brexit.

0:14:480:14:52

But, tonight, signs that some Tory

MPs have their doubts

0:14:520:14:54

about the Government's approach.

0:14:540:14:57

More than 60 Eurosceptic MPs have

written a letter to Theresa May,

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calling for her to grasp

the opportunities of Brexit,

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urging her to stand firm

in negotiations and make sure

0:15:040:15:08

Britain really does have the power

to make its own decisions.

0:15:080:15:12

Labour says it is the Cabinet that

needs to make up its mind.

0:15:120:15:15

The problem is that you got

David Davis saying one thing,

0:15:150:15:19

The problem is that you've got

David Davis saying one thing,

0:15:190:15:22

Boris Johnson saying something else

0:15:220:15:23

and the Prime Minister

saying almost nothing.

0:15:230:15:25

It's got to be resolved.

0:15:250:15:27

And that's the aim of Thursday's

meeting of senior Cabinet ministers.

0:15:270:15:30

David Davis says he is certain

a good deal with the EU

0:15:300:15:34

is on the cards, but discord

amongst his colleagues

0:15:340:15:36

needs to be dealt with first.

0:15:360:15:38

Vicki Young, BBC News, Vienna.

0:15:380:15:41

A brief look at some

of the day's other news stories.

0:15:450:15:48

Labour's Jeremy Corbyn has warned

the press that "change is coming,"

0:15:480:15:51

as he accused them of publishing

"lies and smears" over his contacts

0:15:510:15:59

with a Czech spy back in the 1980s.

0:15:590:16:01

He suggested the reporting showed

how "worried" media bosses

0:16:010:16:03

were by the prospect

of a Labour government.

0:16:030:16:05

A High Court judge has ruled that

doctors in Liverpool can stop

0:16:050:16:08

providing life support to a boy

who's seriously ill,

0:16:080:16:10

against his parents' wishes.

0:16:100:16:14

Alfie Evans, who's 21 months old,

suffers from an undiagnosed

0:16:140:16:16

neurological degenerative condition.

0:16:160:16:19

The judge said he agreed

with medical specialists that

0:16:190:16:21

further treatment was futile.

0:16:210:16:25

The KFC fast food chain says

disruption is expected to continue

0:16:250:16:29

for the rest of the week

after a change of delivery supplier

0:16:290:16:33

meant that hey ran out of chicken.

0:16:330:16:35

Just under half of the 900 UK

outlets are still closed.

0:16:350:16:38

The company says a new delivery

contract with DHL has

0:16:380:16:44

disrupted their supplies.

0:16:440:16:52

President Trump says he wants

officials to look at banning any

0:16:550:16:57

devices that would turn legal,

semi-automatic rifles into automatic

0:16:570:17:00

weapons.

0:17:000:17:06

The devices - known

as 'bump stocks' -

0:17:060:17:11

were used by the gunman

who killed 58 people

0:17:110:17:13

in Las Vegas in October.

0:17:130:17:14

Scientists have discovered the cause

of a rare blood vessel disorder that

0:17:140:17:17

can cause serious facial

disfigurement and life-threatening

0:17:170:17:18

bleeding in children.

0:17:180:17:19

The research, involving

Great Ormond Street Hospital,

0:17:190:17:21

pinpoints the genes responsible

for the condition and,

0:17:210:17:23

for the first time, identifies

existing cancer drugs

0:17:230:17:25

as a possible treatment.

0:17:250:17:26

Our medical correspondent,

Fergus Walsh, has the story.

0:17:260:17:28

OK, so we need to do the eggs,

and froth the eggs.

0:17:280:17:31

13-year-old Nikki Christou

never knows when her face

0:17:310:17:33

will start to bleed.

0:17:330:17:34

She has a rare disorder,

which means high pressure blood

0:17:340:17:39

in her arteries feeds directly

into her veins.

0:17:390:17:42

It causes swelling, facial

disfigurement and life-threatening

0:17:420:17:47

bleeds from her nose,

and even her tear ducts.

0:17:470:17:50

It's very scary because you don't

really know if it's going to stop,

0:17:500:17:56

how much blood you're losing,

and if it is really bad,

0:17:560:17:58

then I can, you know,

become very light-headed

0:17:580:18:00

and things like that.

0:18:000:18:03

So I think when these bleeds happen,

you just know that it's

0:18:030:18:06

time for an ambulance.

0:18:060:18:09

Nikki has not let her condition,

known as AVM, hold her back.

0:18:090:18:13

The winner of

Junior Bake Off is...Nikki.

0:18:130:18:19

As well as winning Junior Bake Off

in 2016, she's also interviewed

0:18:190:18:23

the Prime Minister for CBBC.

0:18:230:18:27

So what were you like as a teenager?

Oh, gosh.

0:18:270:18:31

Nikki has had hundreds of

appointments at Great Ormond Street

0:18:310:18:36

Hospital, and 30 operations.

0:18:360:18:37

How are you doing?

It's lovely to see you.

0:18:370:18:39

You, too.

0:18:390:18:40

I'm just going to have a little

feel of your face.

0:18:400:18:43

And is now part of

ground-breaking research,

0:18:430:18:45

which is led by her consultant.

0:18:450:18:48

The team at UCL's Institute

of Child Health sequenced the DNA

0:18:480:18:51

of more than 150 children

with her condition and found

0:18:510:18:56

it could be triggered

by four faulty genes.

0:18:560:18:59

This is really an

enormous step for us.

0:18:590:19:06

Having discovered the genetic causes

of these in individual patients,

0:19:080:19:10

we're now able to suggest treatments

which could potentially slow

0:19:100:19:13

the growth, stop the growth

or perhaps even reverse the growth

0:19:130:19:16

of this condition

in the longer term.

0:19:160:19:18

And those drug treatments come

from an unlikely source.

0:19:180:19:23

The gene mutations discovered

in this lab, which are responsible

0:19:230:19:27

for these faulty blood vessels,

also play a key role

0:19:270:19:30

in the growth of some cancers.

0:19:300:19:36

Now, the good news is,

there are several cancer drugs

0:19:360:19:39

which inhibit these faulty genes,

which can now be repurposed

0:19:390:19:41

to treat Nikki's condition.

0:19:410:19:42

This is your right eye

and this is the AVM.

0:19:420:19:45

Nikki's one of two patients who are

taking the targeted cancer drugs.

0:19:450:19:50

Today, she's finding out

the results of some new scans.

0:19:500:19:53

This looks good.

0:19:530:19:55

It looks exciting that,

after six months, it seems

0:19:550:19:57

to be holding the growth.

0:19:570:19:59

That's really good, isn't it?

0:19:590:20:01

Yeah, that's so good.

Thank you.

0:20:010:20:04

It'll be at least a year before

doctors know for sure

0:20:040:20:08

whether the cancer drugs Nikki

is taking are working,

0:20:080:20:11

but the discovery of the faulty

genes has given hope to patients

0:20:110:20:14

with this debilitating condition.

0:20:140:20:15

Fergus Walsh, BBC News.

0:20:150:20:22

One of Scotland's largest councils

will provide free lunches

0:20:220:20:27

to children from low-income

households every day of the year.

0:20:270:20:33

North Lanarkshire Council say that

they'll use sports centres and other

0:20:330:20:37

facilities to provide meals

when schools are closed.

0:20:370:20:38

The pilot scheme will

begin this spring.

0:20:380:20:46

Our Scotland editor,

Sarah Smith, tells us.

0:20:460:20:47

Yeah, there's all different

food you can get.

0:20:470:20:49

My favourite's chicken curry.

0:20:490:20:50

It's tomato pasta.

0:20:500:20:51

So this is your favourite

meal you've got today?

0:20:510:20:53

Yeah.

0:20:530:20:55

You get lettuce and you have tomato

and you have all the pasta.

0:20:550:20:58

When I was at school,

school lunches were not something

0:20:580:21:00

you looked forward to,

but are they actually good here?

0:21:000:21:02

Yeah.

Really good.

0:21:020:21:04

All the kids here do seem to really

enjoy their school meals,

0:21:040:21:07

and the teachers know that,

for some of them, it's the best meal

0:21:070:21:10

they're going to eat all day.

0:21:100:21:11

When the schools close,

quite a few of these kids

0:21:110:21:14

do, sadly, go hungry.

0:21:140:21:15

That's why North Lanarkshire Council

are to pilot a scheme providing free

0:21:150:21:18

lunches to kids who need them,

not just on school

0:21:180:21:21

days, but every day.

0:21:210:21:23

Every so often, you can spot

that somebody's hungrier

0:21:230:21:26

than we would like them to be,

after a weekend or after a holiday

0:21:260:21:30

period in particular.

0:21:300:21:31

It can be individual children,

we know that food is an issue.

0:21:310:21:34

If you're hungry, you won't learn

and you won't achieve.

0:21:340:21:37

Other councils in the UK provide

meals during school holidays.

0:21:370:21:40

North Lanarkshire will be the first

to make free lunches

0:21:400:21:45

available 365 days a year,

from primary one, up to the third

0:21:450:21:48

year of secondary school.

0:21:480:21:50

I know there are children out

there that don't get a meal.

0:21:500:21:53

Some adults go without to give

their kids during the holidays.

0:21:530:21:56

The children get full meals

at school, so in the holidays

0:21:560:21:59

and that, you give them a piece

for lunch, and they're, like,

0:21:590:22:02

"Where's my hot dinner?", ken?

0:22:020:22:04

About 40% of these children qualify

for free school meals,

0:22:040:22:06

but the school works hard to make

sure it's not obvious who,

0:22:060:22:09

to avoid any stigma.

0:22:090:22:11

For the same reasons,

kids won't be coming into school

0:22:110:22:13

at weekends and holidays,

meals will be served in leisure

0:22:130:22:16

centres or community halls.

0:22:160:22:19

It will cost around £500,000 a year

to feed kids who might not otherwise

0:22:190:22:23

eat a proper meal over the weekend.

0:22:230:22:25

We know that at holiday periods

and at weekends some parents,

0:22:250:22:29

sadly, find it difficult

to feed their children.

0:22:290:22:33

We hope that this will give them

the opportunity to do that.

0:22:330:22:37

Hungry children can't learn properly

or achieve their full potential.

0:22:370:22:41

North Lanarkshire might be one

of the most deprived areas

0:22:410:22:45

in the UK, but they hope that

doesn't mean that kids

0:22:450:22:47

here have to go hungry.

0:22:470:22:49

Sarah Smith, BBC News, Wishaw.

0:22:490:22:55

The project to build Africa's

biggest hydroelectric dam

0:22:550:22:59

on the River Nile is threatening

to provoke a major conflict between

0:22:590:23:02

some of the countries affected.

0:23:020:23:09

The dam is being built by Ethiopia

and Sudan says it welcomes

0:23:090:23:12

the prospect of cheaper power

and the ability to reduce flooding

0:23:120:23:15

in its vast irrigation projects.

0:23:150:23:19

But the Egyptians are deeply

unhappy, fearing the flow

0:23:190:23:24

through the Aswan Dam

and on to Cairo will be weakened,

0:23:240:23:28

in a country already facing

serious water shortages.

0:23:280:23:30

Our Africa correspondent,

Alastair Leithead, has travelled

0:23:300:23:32

to all three countries and he sent

this special report.

0:23:320:23:39

The River Nile is the world's

longest river, but these

0:23:390:23:42

are turbulent times between three

countries that share

0:23:420:23:46

its life bringing water.

0:23:460:23:51

The source of the row is this,

the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

0:23:510:23:58

Five years in and two-thirds built,

this multi-billion dollar dam can

0:23:580:24:01

already control the flow

of the Nile, and that's what's

0:24:010:24:04

upsetting downstream Egypt.

0:24:040:24:08

When it's finished, this will be

the largest hydroelectric

0:24:080:24:10

power station in Africa,

and one of the biggest

0:24:100:24:12

dams on the continent.

0:24:120:24:13

It will not only power this country,

but the surrounding

0:24:130:24:16

countries as well.

0:24:160:24:18

Ethiopia didn't even ask

the countries downstream before

0:24:180:24:20

it started building.

0:24:200:24:22

That is the scale of this

country's ambition.

0:24:220:24:25

The reservoir it creates will be

bigger than Greater London.

0:24:250:24:29

Hydroelectric dams don't

consume water, but if it's

0:24:290:24:31

filled up too quickly,

the flow of the Nile,

0:24:310:24:34

85% of which comes from

here, will be reduced.

0:24:340:24:42

Ethiopia is obsessed with

electrification. 70% of people here

0:24:440:24:47

don't have power. It's betting on

economic growth and Industrial

0:24:470:24:51

Revolution often at the cost of Hume

rights and freedom of speech, to

0:24:510:24:55

pull its people out of poverty and

wipe out its historic image of

0:24:550:25:00

drought and famine. One of the

It's

most important flagship projects for

0:25:000:25:04

Ethiopia. It's not about control of

the flow. It's really about

0:25:040:25:12

providing opportunity for us to

develop yourselves.

The power lines

0:25:120:25:15

are ready and waiting to take cheap,

sustainable electricity to Sudan,

0:25:150:25:19

which has a lot to gain from the

dam.

0:25:190:25:26

dam. Sudan has vast farming

projects. And huge potential to be

0:25:280:25:35

an agriculture powerhouse for Africa

and beyond. Much of this cattle

0:25:350:25:39

field is destined for the Gulf. The

new dam would stop flooding and

0:25:390:25:44

regulate the river's flow.

For sue

Danned Dan it's wonderful. It's the

0:25:440:25:52

best thing that's happened for a

long time. The combination of energy

0:25:520:25:55

and regular water levels is a great

blessing.

Sudan has had a decade's

0:25:550:26:01

long deal with Egypt, but is now at

aodds with its neighbour about how

0:26:010:26:09

much it can use. Egypt was ruled

from here 2,000 years ago. Powers on

0:26:090:26:18

the Nile rise and fall. Luxor's

temples represent thousands of years

0:26:180:26:24

of Egyptian power set in stone. The

foundation of its proud national

0:26:240:26:27

identity.

0:26:270:26:32

Wahbi's livelihood depends on the

river.

They say the water won't be

0:26:400:26:44

affected, but only God knows what

would happen. If they dam the river

0:26:440:26:48

there will be wars and fighting.

It's not a fear to be taken lightly.

0:26:480:26:53

Egypt relies on the Nile for almost

all its water. With a vast growing

0:26:530:26:59

population the UN pre-8 dibths water

shortages by 2025.

If the water that

0:26:590:27:04

is coming to Egypt is reduced by 2%,

loss about 200,000 acre of land. One

0:27:040:27:14

acre at least makes one family

survive. Family in Egypt, average

0:27:140:27:21

family size five persons. About one

million will be jobless.

The impact

0:27:210:27:27

of the dam hasn't been properly

assessed. It's a battle between the

0:27:270:27:31

traditional power of Egypt and the

emerging ambitions of Ethiopia. War

0:27:310:27:37

over water can be avoided through

strong leadership and diplomacy. Now

0:27:370:27:43

it's up to them to navigate tensions

on the world's longest river.

0:27:430:27:50

Alastair Leithead, BBC News on the

River Nile.

0:27:500:27:58

If you'd like more detail on that

story, here's Alistair to explain

0:27:580:28:01

how you can find it.

0:28:010:28:02

Well, we took a camera that

films 360 degrees with us

0:28:020:28:05

on our journey up the Nile,

to give you a different

0:28:050:28:08

perspective on the story.

0:28:080:28:09

This is what the dam might look

like when it's finished.

0:28:090:28:11

You can see it in virtual reality

through popping a smartphone

0:28:110:28:14

into one of these headsets.

0:28:140:28:15

It looks a bit like this,

you can see all around.

0:28:150:28:18

It's the first time we've done it

on this scale on BBC News,

0:28:180:28:21

and it's certainly a different

way of watching.

0:28:210:28:23

Check out how to at

bbc.co.uk/virtualreality.

0:28:230:28:31

Alastair Leithead there for us.

0:28:340:28:36

The Queen has made a surprise

appearance in the front row

0:28:360:28:38

at London Fashion Week.

0:28:380:28:40

It's the first time the Queen has

visited the event and sat

0:28:400:28:42

alongside Dame Anna Wintour,

the editor in chief of Vogue.

0:28:420:28:45

Her Majesty praised the craftmanship

of the British fashion industry

0:28:450:28:47

before presenting the inaugural

Queen Elizabeth II Award

0:28:470:28:49

for British Design to Richard Quinn.

0:28:490:28:54

At the Winter Olympics

in South Korea, Team GB's

0:28:540:28:57

Elise Christie was disqualified

in her 1000 metre short track

0:28:570:29:01

heat, ending her chances

of a medal at the Games.

0:29:010:29:04

These are the second Olympics that

have ended with Christie failing

0:29:040:29:06

to complete her events.

0:29:060:29:08

Our sports correspondent, David

Ornstein, reports from Pyeongchang.

0:29:080:29:14

Just three days after leaving

the ice on a stretcher,

0:29:140:29:16

Elise Christie was back,

her Olympic hopes on the line.

0:29:160:29:19

COMMENTATOR:

Away they go.

0:29:190:29:20

And Christie goes down before

they reach the very first corner.

0:29:200:29:25

After crashing out of the 500

and 1500 metres, Christie's bid

0:29:250:29:28

for 1000 metres gold got off

to the worst possible start.

0:29:280:29:35

But having been tripped,

she earned a reprieve,

0:29:350:29:37

the heat would be rerun.

0:29:370:29:39

An ankle injury meant her

participation was only confirmed

0:29:390:29:43

in the hour before the race,

and although slow to get going,

0:29:430:29:46

she fought back impressively.

0:29:460:29:48

COMMENTATOR:

With half

a lap to go, Christie's

0:29:480:29:50

in position to qualify here.

0:29:500:29:51

Battling through a physical

contest to finish second

0:29:510:29:53

and reached the quarter-finals,

or so she thought.

0:29:530:30:00

As Christie was carried away

in pain, her night would take

0:30:000:30:03

another turn for the worse,

the judges spotting two

0:30:030:30:05

infringements and disqualifying

the triple world champion.

0:30:050:30:11

So it's heartbreak for

Elise Christie yet again

0:30:110:30:13

after failing to win a medal

at the last Olympics,

0:30:130:30:15

four years ago, history has repeated

itself here in Pyeongchang,

0:30:150:30:19

her dreams ending in

bitter disappointment.

0:30:190:30:22

Right now, I'm a bit shell-shocked.

0:30:220:30:23

You know, I worked so hard to come

back from this injury.

0:30:230:30:27

I think a thousand people

wouldn't have skated

0:30:270:30:30

with my ankle the way it was.

0:30:300:30:33

The only thing I can say is,

I can promise Britain that I'll

0:30:330:30:36

fight back from this,

and I will come back for Beijing.

0:30:360:30:39

And hopefully, you know,

I can do Britain proud then.

0:30:390:30:43

COMMENTATOR:

It's going to come

in nicely and pick up his three.

0:30:430:30:46

There was better news for Britain's

curlers as the men out dazzled

0:30:460:30:49

the colourfully dressed Norway and,

like the women who beat Japan,

0:30:490:30:53

can progress to the semi-finals

with victories tomorrow.

0:30:530:30:56

In the figure skating,

Penny Coomes and Nick Buckland

0:30:560:30:59

finished 11th in the free dance

final, an event that will long be

0:30:590:31:02

remembered for the world record

display of Tessa Virtue and Scott

0:31:020:31:05

Moir.

0:31:050:31:09

Skating together since childhood,

the Canadians took a stunning

0:31:090:31:11

second gold of the Games,

and are now the most decorated

0:31:110:31:14

skaters in Winter Olympic history.

0:31:140:31:20

David Ornstein, BBC

News, Pyeongchang.

0:31:200:31:26

Football, and Chelsea have drawn 1-1

against Barcelona in the first leg

0:31:260:31:29

of their Champions League tie

at Stamford Bridge.

0:31:290:31:31

Chelsea were leading

until an equaliser in the 75th

0:31:310:31:34

minute from Lionel Messi.

0:31:340:31:37

Natalie Pirks was

watching the action.

0:31:370:31:41

He's Barcelona's little magician,

Lionel Messi, scoring goals for fun

0:31:410:31:47

- only never before against Chelsea.

0:31:470:31:49

COMMENTATOR:

Here's Hazard.

0:31:490:31:51

Instead, it was the Blues

creative maestro who almost

0:31:510:31:54

caused some early damage.

0:31:540:31:55

COMMENTATOR:

Great

little turn of pace.

0:31:550:31:58

You always know Barcelona will

dominate, and so it came to pass.

0:31:580:32:03

Messi with a beautiful cross,

Paulinho wide with the header.

0:32:030:32:05

The best chances though

fell to Chelsea, Willian

0:32:050:32:08

becoming all too familiar

with the woodwork, not once...

0:32:080:32:10

COMMENTATOR:

Willian

didn't need him.

0:32:100:32:13

..But twice.

0:32:130:32:14

COMMENTATOR:

Good position again.

0:32:140:32:15

Oh, he's hit the other post now.

0:32:150:32:17

Prompted howls of disbelief

from the Chelsea bench.

0:32:170:32:22

But if the first half you don't

succeed, try and try again.

0:32:220:32:26

COMMENTATOR:

It's another one!

0:32:260:32:27

Willian proving the third

time is indeed a charm.

0:32:270:32:29

COMMENTATOR:

He gets

it right for Chelsea.

0:32:290:32:33

As the clock ticked down, Chelsea

needed only to stay vigilant,

0:32:330:32:41

punished by you know who.

0:32:410:32:42

COMMENTATOR:

Messi!

0:32:420:32:43

Chelsea no longer Messi's bogey

team, Conte left rueing

0:32:430:32:45

what might have been.

0:32:450:32:48

Chelsea knew they would need a

near-perfect match tonight to beat

0:32:480:32:53

the five times winners of the

Champions League. They almost got

0:32:530:32:55

their wish. One bad ball being

pounced on by Barcelona and it's

0:32:550:32:59

left the Chelsea players here

feeling as if this was a defeat. How

0:32:590:33:03

important will that away goal be,

Huw, we will find out next month at

0:33:030:33:10

the Camp Nou.

Natalie Perks with the

0:33:100:33:13

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