French Presidential Inauguration BBC News Special


French Presidential Inauguration

Live coverage from Paris of the inauguration of the new French president.


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Hello, welcome to viewers on the BBC News Channel and BBC World News this

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sworn in as the new President of sworn in as the new President of

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France, following his election victory last weekend. He secured 65%

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of the vote against Marine Le Pen. His term of office begins with a 21

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gun salute at the Elysee Palace. Followed by the official handover

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from his predecessor, Francois Hollande. That show you the scene

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live as the preparations are well underway. Emmanuel Macron will be

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sworn in as the next president of France. A damp, drizzly morning in

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central Paris as you can see. Many of Macron's supporters already there

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out on the streets. The man who was about to become France's new

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president, officially to be inaugurated, not yet 40 years old.

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Never even contested an election before this year. It really has been

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an astonishing year in French politics. Emmanuel Macron, the

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young, fresh phrased, Road business, ardent European. About to be

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inaugurated -- pro business. He trounced his rivals in the

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elections, a resounding vote in support of a man who only set up his

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En Marche party about a year ago. We are already hearing, by the way,

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just you know, -- just to let you know, that we will expect him to

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appoint his Prime Minister to morrow. We have heard that in the

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last few minutes. The Prime Minister will be appointed tomorrow and the

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government will be formed on Tuesday. That is what sources close

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to Emmanuel Macron are telling us. That is the scene there in central

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Paris, as we await the formalities of the inauguration and, of course,

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the French do these things with wonderful and grandeur and let's go

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to my colleague who was there watching it all unfold. A rather

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drizzly morning there in Paris, we can tell from your umbrella? Yes,

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the pomp and grandeur is currently being rained on rather heavily. It

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is the start of the last few minutes. It has been security

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lockdown here. There are hundreds of police, journalists, all along this

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avenue. The satellite trucks from all over the world, and you can see

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just behind me, just behind of the main gate -- in front of the main

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gate of the palace, a crowd is gathering. We have seen his wife's

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arising out of the car. The red carpet is rolled out in the

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courtyard. The journalist and dignitaries are there and they wait

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for the ceremony now. First, Emmanuel Macron will have a private

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meeting with the outgoing president, Francois Hollande. That meeting has

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no cameras, it is the transfer of power. The formal handover during

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which Emmanuel Macron will be given the nuclear code. That is all part

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of the transition of power. Then they will emerge, the former,

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outgoing president, Francois Hollande, will leave the building.

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He will leave the Elysee Palace for the last time. After that, there

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will be the formal inauguration of Emmanuel Macron. He will become

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president of France. It is extremely formal, a familiar sight for the

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French over the generations, what hasn't been conventional of course,

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is the arrival to this position of Emmanuel Macron, after just 13

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months in charge of his En Marche political movement. Last April was

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when he quit his job and decided to stand down as an unelected economy

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minister in the government of Francois Hollande, the outgoing

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president, to form this En Marche centrist movement taking policies

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from left and right and it was very soon after that but he declared his

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ambition -- soon after that he declared his ambition to run. Many

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say it wasn't skill but also like that got him. It was really the most

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opportune to political moment with the downfall, financial

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mismanagement scandal, and the Socialist party, the dominant force,

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choosing a candidate for President election which was from the far left

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and did not attract mainstream support. Let's talk about this some

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more with a commentator and journalist here in Paris.

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How France come to terms with how sudden this arrival to power is? I

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think it took an awful lot of people by surprise. Somebody who came from

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absolute obscurity and managed to rise to power and ethically secure

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one of the most powerful executive positions on earth and Emmanuel

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Macron one in the most convincing circumstances possible as well. I am

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wondering if this may indeed be the arrival of Emmanuel Macron himself.

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Given the amount of police motorcyclists. There we are. This is

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the moment Emmanuel Macron arrives at the Elysee Palace. A big cheer

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from the crowd there. His wife is already inside, she has made the

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journey along the red carpet but Macron supporters waving the French

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flag as he arrives for this enormous day. Before he has even reached the

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age of 40. Yes, indeed. You have talked us through... It is actually,

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Francois Hollande is waiting. The two will have the meeting.

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You have doctors through the handover of power, then will follow

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the official inauguration that will happen at the ballroom of the Elysee

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Palace, but on the previous Republic, it has happened at

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Versailles effectively and Emmanuel Macron will be accompanied by senior

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officials, including the Prime Minister, and the presidents of both

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chambers of parliament, the lower house and indeed the Senate. And

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interestingly a solemn march will be played, Emmanuel Macron is a proper

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music but then he will put some thought into a choice of his musical

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piece. The ceremony, the actual ceremony will take place then.

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Emmanuel Macron has got out of the car and is making his way along the

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red carpet into the Elysee Palace. For the handover of power.

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Walking towards the outgoing president, Francois Hollande. Seen

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as the protege of a manual Macron, giving him his break in politics,

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putting him first as an adviser and then as a economy minister,

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unelected economy Minister in the socialist government. So very

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symbolic day, this relationship between the two men, complicated

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one, resulting in this literal handover of power from one man to

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the other. Well, there you see the grandeur inside the Elysee Palace as

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the two men walk up the stairs, the outgoing president Francois Hollande

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and the incoming President Emmanuel Macron. And we will would just

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hearing their the formal handover of power, which includes Mr Macron

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being given the French nuclear codes there. We were seeing Francois

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Hollande, who, in some ways has been seen by many political commentators

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in France as a political failure, he did not run in this election but

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Macron was his economy Minister between the years 2014 and 2016, in

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some ways Mr Hull's protege and now Francois Hollande is handing power

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literally inside the Elysee Palace. -- Mr Hollande's protege. As the

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band and the music begins. And our correspondent Hugh Schofield

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joins us from Paris. It really is an extraordinary

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political moment, this, isn't it, for France? This young man, he was

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not emerged from nowhere, he had been economy Minister, setting up

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his own party only a year ago and now president. Yes, and what it

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makes me reflect on how brilliantly the French education system can be

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when it sort of six to pick out brilliant individuals and promote

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them through the ranks because he is, in a way, the classic product of

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an egalitarian education system. The problem is it only works in some

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cases, it does work absolutely superbly. He came from a

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middle-class background in the Providence but his audience was

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spotted by people at school, in fact, at a religious school, private

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school. He then got selected and pushed through the regular elite

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educational, other educational system to join the ranks of the

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administrative elite of the country and from there, as we know, with his

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eye on power and his eye on his own destiny, because I think he's a man

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who really does believe in his own destiny, he did what he has done.

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And it is a remarkable achievement which one has two hand to him. I

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think the other interesting thing today about today which you have all

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alluded to is this relationship with Francois Hollande and we have seen

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in the last week, a slight tension between the two men because on the

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one hand, Francois Hollande is quite clearly very eager to sort of up the

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signal that his presidency was not a disaster because look, someone from

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my presidency is continuing and is carrying on, has taken on the

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mantle. What I set out to do goes on, kind of thing. But of course

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Emmanuel Macron find that legacy slightly irksome. Much though I

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think he likes Francois Hollande and certainly owes a lot, he does want

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to keep his distance from Francois Hollande, in particular in the light

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of the upcoming parliamentary elections, he does not want to be

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seen to be the anointed successor. Particularly we saw it last week

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about ceremony at Arc de Triomphe after the election, Francois

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Hollande bearing on the clock on the back, my spiritual son as it were,

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Emmanuel Macron saying thank you, yes, I would rather be my own man

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now. But, of course, from today it is the power skimpily, manual Macron

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is the president. Francois Hollande will be the man who is forgotten. It

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in US Marconi 's name as a result of what has been regarded as a failed

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presidency. The sermon today which is lavishly beautiful to watch,, the

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hard work begins straight afterwards. He has to form a

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government very quickly, appointed Prinosil, which might be as soon as

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tomorrow, we are hearing, he has go to be meeting Angela Merkel very

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seen to talk about Europe. We have this error may now, -- ceremony. A

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meeting behind closed doors, security operations will be

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discussed, things that we do not know about, that the president needs

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to handle to the other, the codes for the nuclear. And then will be

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the speech, the ceremony of anointing him as Grand Master of the

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order of the Legion of honour, that goes with all presidents, deep

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recession on Champs-Elysee and then we will get down to business. The

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name of the Prime Minister either today or tomorrow. Will this be a

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character of the political right? That is what is the big question

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because in drawing up of his list of candidates for the Parliamentary

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elections, quite clearly there is a bias in that list towards the left

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and as Macron was, someone who is above that old divide, it is quite

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important to him to redress that and I think his inclination is to

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appoint someone who is from the centre-right. Maybe do some from the

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opposition, someone who is on the centuries wing of that party,

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Republicans, he might be Macron compatible. That would be his ideal,

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various names circulating. The former mayor of Strasberg, these are

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the kind of people, a centrist MEP, these are the names that are

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circulating at the moment. It will be very important because it was

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then that the signal as to how he conceives of his party and how, what

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hopes the house for turning that into a majority in parliament. Then

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of course this is this visit tomorrow to Germany. He had said

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before that his first trip abroad would be to visit serving military

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men and women abroad, but it seems that has been put off and the trip

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to Germany will come first which will be tomorrow. That is vital, of

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course. Hollande went to see Merkel on the day of his inauguration and

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on that plane, by the way, was a young Emmanuel Macron he was his

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adviser. The plane got hit by lightning coincidently. Another sign

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of the start of the Hollande presidency. It is Macron who will go

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tomorrow. The relationship with Merkel is good to be fascinating to

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watch because we have arriving now somebody who is incredibly

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pro-European, who really wants to get back the Franco Germany

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relationship, the golden years, to try and rebuild that element of

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trust. His deal, his budding rugby I will bring France down the road of

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reform, economic reform, if you, Germany, bring Germany down the road

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of, for example, making the desert of all European countries neutralise

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and so on, that way of building Europe from the top down. That is

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the bargain he is going to want to bring to Angela Merkel tomorrow. It

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is a very important meeting. Whew, just the with us because we are

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seeing these magnificent pictures from central Paris from the Elysee

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Palace. The two men, as you are saying, outgoing president Hollande

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and incoming president Emmanuel Macron, exchanging the nuclear

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missile launch codes, amongst other security procedures that I have been

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going through at the moment. Then we gather President Hollande will leave

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the palace and the result of the election is read out inside the

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Elysee, a moment that marks the actual assumption of power and

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Emmanuel Macron is then presented with what is effectively his chain

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of office, that heavy golden necklace, mounted on a red cushion.

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We have been seen pictures of it actually. That makes him the Grand

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Master of the National order of the legion, apparently he will not put

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it on. He is presented with it. I wonder if I can ask you this, is

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France, the election of a manual Macron, this very young dynamic

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politician, is it feeling good about itself because I suppose there has

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been a sense in some ways of France stagnating economically with a lot

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of problems and divisions, now he has been elected with this huge

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chunk of the boat, and it feeling better about itself. -- huge chunk

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of the vote. Goodness knows there have been moments of false hope in

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the past. I think part of the rise of populism issued to the sense that

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with every election everyone gets whipped up into a sense of a new

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dawn and things being resolved and they never are. And that just create

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cynicism about the establishment politics and once again we do have

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something of that feeling of optimism hitting the country. This

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time body by someone who is more genuinely new and young and has been

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transgressive in a way by taking an the sacred cows of the old parties

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by saying he's going to do stuff and apparently not minding if it is

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unpopular. I think we've all been struck by how open he is unwilling

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to insist on the challenges that emissaries. -- he is willing to

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insist on the changes that are necessary. He says life is going to

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be tough, there are tough decisions ahead. I think that plain speaking

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is quite refreshing and gives people a feeling that maybe this time we've

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got someone who is prepared to undertake the necessary reforms. I

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don't think anyone is foolish enough to think that this is somehow going

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to change things radically. We know there are tough times ahead. We know

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there are other of elections coming up, the third round of the

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presidential elections, because he has got to win a majority that. The

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fourth round, potentially, on the street. Everyone is expecting a fee

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does go ahead with his reform plans for pedigree changing the labour

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laws, he said he would do by degree, not by a vote on parliament in the

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law, by decree, that will certainly create some sort of backlash in the

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Austin. There is an optimism which is quite significant now, the French

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have been so long tarnished, politically and what they call the

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Anglo-Saxon media has been the kind of dead ducks of the Western world.

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Now they have this sense, hang on a sec, things are moving, Trump in

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America. Trump has been lambasted by the while's media, seems to have a

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good thing to say about somehow be light and darkness changing of

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modern politics. We are in the light and they are in the dark. We are the

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ones with the new hopeful leader who is got ideas and dynamism and youth

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and education and culture and openness in foreign languages and

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all the rest of it and that looks good. We feel good. He is using our

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language, he is talking of human rights, as the mission of France, of

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its role in the baulk and suddenly the French feel actually, we can

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hold our hands high against the now. There is this moment where they are

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asking, I think, in the blue of favourable baulk attention which is

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something they are not particular use to. -- world attention. We think

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the car that reversed up to the engines of the red carpet. I am

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guessing that is the carpet takes away President Hollande. A rather

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modest vehicle actually for the outgoing president. I'm straw he is

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not used to being driven in a small vehicle. How will France remember

:21:47.:21:49.

him, as a failure or somebody who did his best? Just on that car

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business, we all remember this moment five years ago where Sarkozy

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handed over to Francois Hollande, Sarkozy came down the steps to the

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car and very poignantly and significantly and rudely maybe

:22:06.:22:09.

thought Francois Hollande did not accompany him down the steps to the

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car. This was seen as a real robust and a sign of how Hollande had no

:22:18.:22:23.

time at all four Sarkozy. Hollande said he regretted that. If that is

:22:24.:22:29.

not the field to the day, they could not have the politeness to accompany

:22:30.:22:34.

the upcoming president to the car. How will it be seen? I think

:22:35.:22:40.

inevitably as a failure. That is justified because I remember over

:22:41.:22:45.

and again towards the beginning of this Hollande presidency, Francois

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Hollande going on television and saying with a solemn eye, staying at

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the pose -- staring at the people of France, I will bring down

:22:56.:23:00.

unemployment, I will be judged on my ability to bring down unemployment.

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Unemployment has gone up. It is the biggest curse on this country's

:23:05.:23:07.

social and political life. It has not been addressed. I think that

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must therefore go down as the big black mark on his presidency. There

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are people like Macron calling the new ways of tackling unemployment,

:23:19.:23:21.

there are other countries in Europe that have done it by freeing up the

:23:22.:23:24.

labour market. There are people on the left, the far left who are

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saying there are other ways to do it as well. He said he had the

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solution, he said he would be judged on whether or not he brought

:23:33.:23:36.

unemployment down. He has not. It has gone up. I think you must be

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judged on the very like he shone on himself at the very start. -- the

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very light. We are waiting as the two men continue their discussions

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and the transfer of those nuclear codes and that is the scene there in

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the splendour of the Elysee Palace and we will see them walk down those

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stairs. We are not quite sure how long it is going to Kate, to be

:24:07.:24:10.

honest. One more question about Emmanuel Macron. He said, an Brexit,

:24:11.:24:17.

he's going to be pretty tough. He is very much a pro-European, he is

:24:18.:24:25.

absolutely behind the European project and how tough do think he is

:24:26.:24:29.

going to be on the United Kingdom when it comes to the Brexit

:24:30.:24:32.

negotiations because France and Germany are the crucial nations in

:24:33.:24:39.

the EU? He is quite remarkably pro-European and he speaks in a

:24:40.:24:44.

language, one that is almost forgotten, because of the kind of

:24:45.:24:47.

problems at the last four years and the apologetic tone that has crept

:24:48.:24:51.

into politicians way of speaking about the European Union, even

:24:52.:24:54.

pro-European politicians here in France and Germany somehow do not

:24:55.:24:59.

feel that they can laud the enterprise any more because it has

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gone so badly wrong. That is not Macron's feeling at all. This is a

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remarkable thing and it has a feature, we just need to grasp the

:25:07.:25:11.

changes that are needed to bring it forward. -- it has a future. The

:25:12.:25:17.

enterprise of Europe is at a turning point, which we've kind of analyse

:25:18.:25:23.

already. Either it goes forward big-time or it goes back time. He is

:25:24.:25:26.

someone that feels it has to go forward with major reforms now. To

:25:27.:25:32.

integrate properly, to have a central bank, to have controlled the

:25:33.:25:36.

European budget and so on. That is what he wants. He was to rebut this

:25:37.:25:39.

relationship with Germany and that is what is going to make life

:25:40.:25:42.

difficult for Theresa May and the British because he's going to want

:25:43.:25:47.

to speak on Bar is a Europe that is unified, strong and very, very

:25:48.:25:51.

confident. There is another way of looking about which is perhaps more

:25:52.:25:58.

favourable to Britain wishes to a united Europe which is a Europe

:25:59.:26:01.

which is able to negotiate more openly with less of a complex, less

:26:02.:26:05.

of a fear of setting an example to other countries, other populist

:26:06.:26:11.

moment around the continent. His view an Brexit is that it is a

:26:12.:26:16.

disaster for Britain and there is absolutely no reason to give Britain

:26:17.:26:19.

any favours at all four taken mysteries. For the moment, thank you

:26:20.:26:27.

very much. For taking this choice. The guards outside the Elysee either

:26:28.:26:35.

with their bayonets and Emmanuel Macron, the 39 euros, new president

:26:36.:26:38.

of France, inside talking to outgoing president, Francois

:26:39.:26:47.

Hollande. -- 39 years old. After the formal inauguration, the new

:26:48.:26:50.

president Emmanuel Macron will inspect the troops behind the

:26:51.:26:55.

palace, there will be a 21 gun salute and the new president will

:26:56.:27:00.

leave the Elysee and visit Arc de Triomphe. And the tomb beneath it is

:27:01.:27:12.

the unknown soldier. Let's go back to corresponded to as close to the

:27:13.:27:16.

Elysee. A rather wonderful day to do that, apart from the rain.

:27:17.:27:23.

Absolutely a moment of history. The rain has eased now. We are close the

:27:24.:27:27.

police will let us get. Of course the security is enormous. France

:27:28.:27:31.

still under a state of emergency following the attacks of 2015.

:27:32.:27:36.

Really the number of journalists is huge as well here. Please in general

:27:37.:27:44.

is in the Street only. Just a few minutes ago we saw a flotilla of

:27:45.:27:47.

police motorcycles and cars as Emmanuel Macron got out of the car

:27:48.:27:52.

and went in to meet Francois Hollande. Those two men in a private

:27:53.:27:56.

meeting right now, that is a meeting of about half an hour, you are

:27:57.:27:59.

talking about it, that is the handover of power, they are having a

:28:00.:28:04.

fairly formal conversation with the handover also of France's nuclear

:28:05.:28:09.

codes. We also saw them together at the beginning of the week. It was a

:28:10.:28:13.

victory Europe Day commemorations on mediate. The two men went to the Arc

:28:14.:28:20.

de Triomphe then. It was a public holiday, we watched it happen. It

:28:21.:28:25.

was Emmanuel Macron's first outing as President-elect and he stood

:28:26.:28:29.

side-by-side with the outgoing presidents, Francois Hollande on

:28:30.:28:32.

that day on Monday. But today when the next see him, he will be in the

:28:33.:28:38.

process of becoming France's actual president and Francois Hollande will

:28:39.:28:42.

walk along the red-carpet, get into the car, the comes out of that

:28:43.:28:45.

meeting, and leave the Elysee Palace for the last time as president and

:28:46.:28:50.

now we will have the inauguration ceremony in the ballroom. The

:28:51.:28:53.

genocide there, they are waiting for that meeting to come to an end. --

:28:54.:29:03.

the journalists are there. My guess still with me. What sense did we get

:29:04.:29:08.

when we saw Francois Hollande on Monday next year Emmanuel Macron? ,

:29:09.:29:13.

as the relationship, over the past relationship between them and how it

:29:14.:29:18.

is now, many have seen it as a betrayal of the owl going president,

:29:19.:29:27.

a manual, saying he is forming his own party, taking the reins of power

:29:28.:29:32.

from his formal Master? It has to be said that on the face of it, the

:29:33.:29:37.

relationship between a Emmanuel Macron and former President Hollande

:29:38.:29:40.

in a few moments time, it was quite good. President Hollande who brought

:29:41.:29:47.

in Emmanuel Macron festival as his economic adviser and then as is a

:29:48.:29:51.

economy minister. But it has to be said that the economy minister job

:29:52.:29:58.

was more down to the Prime Minister than Hollande himself. He

:29:59.:30:04.

effectively was brought in, Macron was brought in as a money man into

:30:05.:30:12.

Holland's government. It was in the final year of Hollande's presidency

:30:13.:30:14.

and a lot of people thought that it was far too late to do anything

:30:15.:30:20.

about a failing presidency in terms of economic matters. But Macron

:30:21.:30:23.

introduced liberalising policies which upset the socialist camp and

:30:24.:30:29.

led to its division and indeed pave the way and a sense for her centrist

:30:30.:30:36.

path to power. What relationship do we expect him to have with the main

:30:37.:30:40.

political parties? His own formal party, the Socialists and the

:30:41.:30:46.

central right party? Technically the En Marche is very recent indeed,

:30:47.:30:52.

more than a year ago he started up his movement. He resigned from

:30:53.:30:56.

Hollande's cabinet, it took a lot of guts, he started off with no base at

:30:57.:31:02.

all and he managed to create one of his own. Since his victory speech,

:31:03.:31:11.

he has rebranded his party and he will have the immense task now is

:31:12.:31:16.

recruiting people. He made it abundantly clear throughout his

:31:17.:31:21.

campaign, he was neither of the left or the right and he would be seeking

:31:22.:31:27.

577 candidates from the right and be left to join his new voting bloc to

:31:28.:31:31.

represent him in the National Assembly. That is the focus. Looking

:31:32.:31:36.

for the papers, they seem ready to be looking ahead to that challenge,

:31:37.:31:41.

that that husband Larry Little respite, very little time to

:31:42.:31:43.

celebrate and enjoy the moment, he is eagerly having to focus on

:31:44.:31:48.

getting some MPs, getting a majority in parliament so he can carry out

:31:49.:31:51.

the things that he has pledged to do. Very much so. Today the

:31:52.:31:55.

magnificent spectacle of the inauguration will be effectively the

:31:56.:31:59.

last day of celebration and the festivities will effectively end by

:32:00.:32:02.

Monday morning when Emmanuel Macron will have to get stuck into the

:32:03.:32:07.

nitty-gritty of governance and indeed realise, apply, start

:32:08.:32:16.

applying his ambitious political programme and then indeed realise

:32:17.:32:22.

the weight of office that is out of them. Thank you. As we wait for an

:32:23.:32:26.

Emmanuel Macron and Francois Hollande to emerge from that

:32:27.:32:29.

meeting. Let us just go back to Ben in London. There is the car that

:32:30.:32:34.

will take the outgoing president Francois Hollande away for the last

:32:35.:32:40.

time from the Elysee Palace. He will walk along that red-carpet and step

:32:41.:32:47.

into that rather small car by his standards. If you are used to the

:32:48.:32:51.

vehicles of the French Presidency, that is quite a modest one. That is

:32:52.:32:55.

the vehicle that will take him away from the Elysee after he has

:32:56.:33:02.

transferred power to Emmanuel Macron, a process which is under way

:33:03.:33:07.

at the moment. And Emmanuel Macron, amongst other things, is being given

:33:08.:33:11.

the French nuclear codes and then the election result will be read out

:33:12.:33:17.

inside the Elysee Palace. That is the formal moment when Emmanuel

:33:18.:33:23.

Macron becomes the French president. Really an extraordinary achievement

:33:24.:33:31.

that this 39-year-old newcomer, he was in a commonly minister in

:33:32.:33:35.

Francois Hollande's government, a man who is created his own political

:33:36.:33:43.

movement, En Marche, unknown to the world a year or two ago but has now

:33:44.:33:49.

let to Providence and is now going to be -- take to the helm of the

:33:50.:33:54.

world's fifth-largest economy. A country that is a founding member of

:33:55.:33:58.

the European Union and Emmanuel Macron is a fervent pro-European. So

:33:59.:34:03.

his stance during the Brexit negotiations is going to be

:34:04.:34:07.

particularly interesting to see. Emanuel McConnell, a former

:34:08.:34:11.

investment banker, who is promised to bring in a wide-ranging reforms

:34:12.:34:17.

to the French economy. -- Emmanuel Macron. Many have seen a stagnating

:34:18.:34:27.

in recent times. We can bring in a correspondence for French media who

:34:28.:34:31.

can talk to us I think. How significant do you think this is,

:34:32.:34:35.

this moment when we see a manual McConnell take the presidency? Is

:34:36.:34:46.

splendour, it's very symbolic moment when the power, there is no discover

:34:47.:34:49.

new witty of power, it is one president going directly to the next

:34:50.:34:53.

and this one is going to be very different from the one that was five

:34:54.:34:57.

years ago between Francois Hollande and so cosy. At the time, it was not

:34:58.:35:02.

done in a very good spirit, in a way. Sarkozy lost, he wanted to be

:35:03.:35:07.

re-elected, he lost his adversary on the left.

:35:08.:35:13.

This time he says it will be almost joyous occasion, he didn't have the

:35:14.:35:20.

credentials to try be elected again and decided not to run. Emmanuel

:35:21.:35:25.

Macron was elected and he used to be his minister, it's like passing the

:35:26.:35:33.

power, he said to a friend. Some of the same political family, almost.

:35:34.:35:39.

So it will be a friendly occasion, of course a very ceremonial and

:35:40.:35:44.

official ceremony but we saw already that Francois Hollande wants to have

:35:45.:35:49.

a paternalistic approach to it. We saw that when the two men were

:35:50.:35:54.

together on the 8th of May, and after that last week, so basically

:35:55.:36:04.

the ceremony has things that has to happen but there is some average for

:36:05.:36:10.

the two man. They can make the ceremony what they want -- there is

:36:11.:36:18.

some leveraged for the two man. Emmanuel Macron is a new man who is

:36:19.:36:26.

not a politician by trade. How will he want to put his print on this

:36:27.:36:34.

very significant ceremony? We are seeing this wonderful pictures from

:36:35.:36:43.

the Elysee, with guards who will do a 21 gun salute. To what extent do

:36:44.:36:47.

you think that France is still a country divided? We have shown -- as

:36:48.:36:53.

was shown by the election, although Emmanuel Macron won a sizeable

:36:54.:37:00.

majority of 65%, there are deep divisions that he has to work hard

:37:01.:37:08.

to overcome? Indeed. He was elected largely. But the person behind him

:37:09.:37:16.

was Marine Le Pen. You have these people that want to save the

:37:17.:37:20.

Republic, they were there but between the first and second round,

:37:21.:37:27.

but it was not as big in 2002 with Jean-Marie Le Pen versus Jacques

:37:28.:37:33.

Chirac. There was not this is a relation of people as people coming

:37:34.:37:37.

together, whoever they wanted to come together around to save the

:37:38.:37:42.

Republic. During the first and second round, there was criticism of

:37:43.:37:47.

Emmanuel Macron Marathon 2002 criticism of Jacques Chirac was not

:37:48.:37:54.

exactly allowed. There was the Southern splendour as one critic

:37:55.:37:58.

said. He has been elected largely. -- sudden splendour. They didn't

:37:59.:38:05.

want to have the Front National in the Palace so they didn't vote for

:38:06.:38:11.

him by choice, and some people, a lot of people decided not to vote at

:38:12.:38:17.

all. In terms of the voting rating, Emmanuel Macron arrived first, then

:38:18.:38:26.

spoiled ballots, and then Marine Le Pen. The day afterwards was elected.

:38:27.:38:31.

There were people protesting against Emmanuel Macron as president. There

:38:32.:38:36.

was something important about that. It happened in 2007, when Sarkozy

:38:37.:38:41.

was elected. There were people in the street pops protest against

:38:42.:38:49.

Nicolas Sarkozy. There is something, some would argue, that is being lost

:38:50.:38:55.

in the respect that you have to give to the function of president. If,

:38:56.:39:02.

even before being installed as president, he can be challenged, you

:39:03.:39:09.

can say of him, I don't want him, I want him out. Get rid of him. He was

:39:10.:39:20.

just elected freshly. So some people are very wary of him. In the first

:39:21.:39:28.

round, John Luke Melenchon was in the far left and did a -- his

:39:29.:39:38.

new-found supporters really don't agree with the programme of Emmanuel

:39:39.:39:43.

Macron and in particular, his labour law reform, the liberal law reform.

:39:44.:39:50.

This far left movement really gathered momentum for the first

:39:51.:39:55.

round. So he has a very divided country indeed, to take care. It is

:39:56.:40:01.

not just the far right but also far left who have waken up for this

:40:02.:40:08.

election. As the press said just after the first round, there is a

:40:09.:40:13.

difference that is doing well, voting for Emmanuel Macron, and the

:40:14.:40:17.

France that is doing badly, that's the France that voted for Marine Le

:40:18.:40:20.

Pen. It's a bit more complicated than that. It is not just that

:40:21.:40:28.

people want a nationalistic approach of the country's problem and want to

:40:29.:40:32.

vote for the far right, that would be easy enough to understand, but it

:40:33.:40:36.

is much more fragmented. It will be quite complicated, because Emmanuel

:40:37.:40:41.

Macron doesn't want to be Francois Hollande number two. He doesn't want

:40:42.:40:49.

to realise that he doesn't -- he doesn't want the presidency to pass

:40:50.:40:53.

by and realised he didn't do anything. He is already displeasing

:40:54.:40:59.

a lot of people, so it is going to be hard for him. But even now he is

:41:00.:41:04.

not a politician by trade, I think is quite prepared to do what he has

:41:05.:41:09.

to do and even being quite unpopular for what he has to do. Because he

:41:10.:41:12.

knows in the end that five years from now, what is going to count for

:41:13.:41:17.

most people, people who didn't agree with him before he started before

:41:18.:41:23.

will never agree with him. He knows that even in five years, the people

:41:24.:41:26.

he won't need to convince other people who are waiting for results

:41:27.:41:32.

and that is the way he wants to start his presidency. He wants to do

:41:33.:41:37.

things very quickly, he said himself that he wants to change without even

:41:38.:41:43.

going through Parliament at the summer. He wants to do things that

:41:44.:41:48.

are radical, maybe that's a bad word, but important, he wants to

:41:49.:41:53.

change the face of France in a way. That is bound to be unpopular but at

:41:54.:41:59.

the same time French people say they want change. So we will see how they

:42:00.:42:03.

accept the change that the new president is presenting. Thank you.

:42:04.:42:12.

Just tell us, we are seeing the wonderful preparation for the

:42:13.:42:16.

ceremony at the Elysee Palace. It will all get away after Mr Macron

:42:17.:42:26.

has finished his meeting with the outgoing president, Francois

:42:27.:42:37.

Hollande. He will be presented with a ceremony and the official

:42:38.:42:40.

documents, he will be officially president. We always think, in

:42:41.:42:44.

Britain, we do ceremonial rather well but in France they do it very

:42:45.:42:51.

well too. How important is it to the French people and the French

:42:52.:42:55.

republic that there is this great ceremonial surrounding the

:42:56.:42:58.

inauguration of the new president? It is quite important. Even though

:42:59.:43:03.

we don't have kings any more, we do like the ceremonial of power still.

:43:04.:43:10.

It is something that is still very intriguing. The Palace is a grand

:43:11.:43:18.

seem to do that in. You can see the length of this break -- red carpet,

:43:19.:43:28.

and the palace, and the ballroom is very beautiful as well. After he has

:43:29.:43:33.

spoken at the Elysee Palace and after the position of power is down,

:43:34.:43:38.

he will go at the Champs-Elysees, which is dubbed the most beautiful

:43:39.:43:44.

avenue of the world. That is quite important that the French president

:43:45.:43:50.

is able to go down in the most beautiful avenue in the world. That

:43:51.:43:53.

is not an significant for the French people. It is possible -- that is

:43:54.:44:01.

significant for the French people. The night he was elected, it was

:44:02.:44:12.

possible that he might walk alone to the end of the Champs-Elysees, which

:44:13.:44:18.

is what he did, if you remember, on Sunday evening. He walked, isolated,

:44:19.:44:23.

towards the people with the European anthem behind him. And it was very

:44:24.:44:30.

touching and special. It's something he will be remembered for in years

:44:31.:44:34.

to come, this man, a loan, walking towards the people of France.

:44:35.:44:39.

Apparently, that is what he wants to do again. Symbolism is very

:44:40.:44:47.

important. As I said, there is some kind of possibility for the two men

:44:48.:44:52.

to make what they want. Emmanuel Macron is any man, he wants make it

:44:53.:44:58.

special and so, it is not just another politician that you have in

:44:59.:45:01.

this grand and splendid palace, who by the way, most presidents don't

:45:02.:45:05.

like because it's not nice to live in. Even though I'm going to the

:45:06.:45:12.

same palace, I will be different. That is apparently what he wants to

:45:13.:45:15.

do and how he wants to do it, by working alone. Thank you so much for

:45:16.:45:22.

the moment, very good to talk to you. That spring back in Hugh

:45:23.:45:27.

Schofield, our Paris correspondent. You've watched lots of these power

:45:28.:45:34.

transfers down big year in France. Marie were saying we don't have

:45:35.:45:40.

kings any more, but you wouldn't guess that from the splendour around

:45:41.:45:47.

the Elysee Palace today. Talking -- talk as the what happens and how

:45:48.:45:51.

important it is the France. But they say the French have a monopoly

:45:52.:45:53.

course freak in them. -- monarchical streak in them and

:45:54.:46:09.

they haven't lost the taste for monarchy, it's deep in the genes of

:46:10.:46:14.

the country. They seem to take the big idea of a president -- seemed to

:46:15.:46:21.

take to the idea of a president who is above politics. By contrast with

:46:22.:46:25.

Britain, for example, this is all new. The French republic is only

:46:26.:46:31.

about 70 years old. All these rituals that have been

:46:32.:46:38.

-- invented in recent times, it looks ancient and pompous and full

:46:39.:46:49.

of ceremony, but actually a lot of it was invented by Charles de Gaulle

:46:50.:46:55.

and his successor. I have not been that many presidential handover of

:46:56.:47:01.

power in the fifth Republic. That said, there is at the Elysee, the

:47:02.:47:09.

trappings of ceremony. It pleases, I think, the French, to see it all

:47:10.:47:13.

rolled out again. Certainly as a nation, the French now have -- know

:47:14.:47:20.

how to do it in the same way the British know-how to do it. Both our

:47:21.:47:25.

nations with history, tradition and, uniforms and grandfather. --

:47:26.:47:27.

fanfare. one of his first priorities as

:47:28.:47:42.

president is to try and get a decent showing of MPs in the parliament?

:47:43.:47:47.

How is he going to do that? He has En Marche but it's a tall order

:47:48.:47:51.

isn't it? It is pretty much been born from nothing. But there are

:47:52.:47:58.

hopeful signs. It is not ludicrous to predict that he'll get a majority

:47:59.:48:05.

in the house -- the lower chamber. It is by no means a given, and he

:48:06.:48:10.

will fight hard to get it with his new party, the En Marche, but there

:48:11.:48:17.

is something here which he has rightly identified as a logic of the

:48:18.:48:23.

institutions. There is a national feeling that, if you I elected

:48:24.:48:27.

president, the least you can do afterwards is to give him a majority

:48:28.:48:31.

in parliament so he can do what he set out to do. The constitution is

:48:32.:48:39.

very flexible in France, it's set in stone by Charles de Gaulle in 1958.

:48:40.:48:45.

It makes the president an important figure but it is based on his ruling

:48:46.:48:50.

the majority of Parliament. If he doesn't have that majority, then

:48:51.:48:53.

power does shift. It shifts to the Prime Minister. This is what

:48:54.:49:00.

Emmanuel Macron wants to avoid, he wants a parameter and the government

:49:01.:49:05.

loyal to him. But to have that, he needs a majority. The next few weeks

:49:06.:49:09.

will be important because the landscape has shifted after the

:49:10.:49:14.

selection completely. We are in unknown territory, the pollsters

:49:15.:49:17.

don't know how to predict this election because Sting constituency

:49:18.:49:22.

by a constituency. We have the En Marche movement with the wind in its

:49:23.:49:27.

sales, younger candidates from civil society which come fresh faced with

:49:28.:49:34.

optimism, but you have the other parties too. On the right, Le

:49:35.:49:44.

Republica, which has not fallen apart. It feels that the legislative

:49:45.:49:49.

or the chance to come back and make a great showing, to signify the

:49:50.:49:54.

Emmanuel Macron that the centre-right is where the balance of

:49:55.:49:59.

power lies. So to win the majority, and impose on him a promised and

:50:00.:50:02.

government which will have to work. If that happens, we will have to

:50:03.:50:08.

have the cohabitation with Macron as president and really having to take

:50:09.:50:15.

a step back from the polity making -- policy-making, which will reside

:50:16.:50:18.

mostly with the government on Prime Minister with the backing of

:50:19.:50:21.

Parliament. That is what Emmanuel Macron wants to avoid. So it will be

:50:22.:50:30.

very important and is interesting. All you can say in Emmanuel Macron's

:50:31.:50:34.

favour is that there is a logic to his election, and many people will

:50:35.:50:37.

not have voted for him in the presidential election. I will be

:50:38.:50:41.

saying, we need to give him a chance. He seems to be an honest

:50:42.:50:45.

person with ideas. If we hamstring him from the start, his whole

:50:46.:50:48.

presidency will be a failure of course. Let us give him the powers

:50:49.:50:53.

he needs to do what he has to do. And he will do what he has to do as

:50:54.:50:58.

an outsider, is the way he's been portrayed. This has been cold by

:50:59.:51:03.

some as a political revolution in France. In another way, he is an

:51:04.:51:11.

archetypal insider. You are tiny in terms of his education, he is part

:51:12.:51:16.

of the French elite. -- you told me in terms of his education, he is

:51:17.:51:21.

part of the elite. But he is portraying himself as an outsider.

:51:22.:51:25.

This is what is held against him by both be right and the far left. The

:51:26.:51:34.

handover of power, they say, is a sham. Because Francois Hollande,

:51:35.:51:41.

according to this theory, has done something of political genius. The

:51:42.:51:46.

critics say that his presidency was a failure when it comes to policy

:51:47.:51:50.

and its effect on the country but politically, boxer-macro remains a

:51:51.:51:56.

mastermind. What he has done is cleverly -- Francois Hollande

:51:57.:51:58.

remains a mastermind. He has bought someone into power who has carried

:51:59.:52:05.

on his legacy. This is someone who has been with Francois Hollande from

:52:06.:52:10.

the start. Macron was with Francois Hollande on the day have in direct

:52:11.:52:19.

-- on the day of his inauguration. He was his protege. This is held

:52:20.:52:24.

against him and Francois Hollande in particular by both the far left and

:52:25.:52:28.

the far right. It is his weak point, carrying on the legacy that broadly

:52:29.:52:34.

what he is going to do is carry out more effectively what Francois

:52:35.:52:39.

Hollande tried to carry out. That is a soft liberalisation of economic

:52:40.:52:44.

policy and a soft warming up with Germany. The idea is that Francois

:52:45.:52:50.

Hollande was hamstrung with that because he made promises to the left

:52:51.:52:53.

and was not a man who had clear ideas. But that was the drift of his

:52:54.:53:01.

policy. Macron now, who says we need to open up and liberalise and reform

:53:02.:53:07.

Europe, to staff, that is simply a -- we need to do stuff, that is

:53:08.:53:12.

simply doing it without the embarrassment of boxer-macro's

:53:13.:53:15.

policy. Continuity I think is part of this, but France does not need

:53:16.:53:23.

anything radical, it needs change in the direction that it has set out

:53:24.:53:29.

already. A more open labour market, close the relationships with

:53:30.:53:35.

Germany, the reforms which Emmanuel Macron has espoused. It is

:53:36.:53:39.

continuity, but the alternative was something radical indeed. That was a

:53:40.:53:44.

move towards the politics of emotion, and populism. That is what

:53:45.:53:51.

the country has rejected. Rejected it for now. To what extent do you

:53:52.:54:00.

think populism and the far right and Marine Le Pen will be back next

:54:01.:54:04.

time? Undoubtedly, they will not go away unless the country can lift

:54:05.:54:11.

itself up by its bootstraps and in five years' time, feel better place.

:54:12.:54:15.

If it does feel a better place five years from there is no reason to

:54:16.:54:20.

think that Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Melenchon of the far left,

:54:21.:54:25.

will be then really poised to take part. But that is a big if. But it

:54:26.:54:31.

is possible that there are historical forces at work here that

:54:32.:54:40.

are beyond the possibility of any president to turn around. Maybe what

:54:41.:54:44.

is happening in Europe and France is a decline in relationship with the

:54:45.:54:48.

rest of the world, a sense of no longer being the top dogs at the top

:54:49.:54:51.

table, that is something which will have to get used to. It will be a

:54:52.:54:58.

long process of adjustment of other parts of the world like China and

:54:59.:55:01.

India become more important and richer. It may be a psychological

:55:02.:55:04.

adjustment of the country has to go to. Which will take a long period of

:55:05.:55:09.

time, and it may be in five years' time the country still feels very

:55:10.:55:14.

badly off and unhappy and miserable and nostalgic, in which case the

:55:15.:55:19.

solutions offered by the protectionist, the Nationalists, or

:55:20.:55:24.

on the left the people who want to completely overhaul the capitalist

:55:25.:55:28.

system, those messages may still have great appeal. They are owed an

:55:29.:55:31.

enormous result ability under shoulders of Emmanuel Macron to give

:55:32.:55:37.

signals over the next five years. No one expects things to sell around

:55:38.:55:40.

completely, but at least the start of the process of rebuilding. -- no

:55:41.:55:45.

one expects things to turn around completely. On the European level,

:55:46.:55:51.

this will play out. If Macron gets his way, we will see a big

:55:52.:55:55.

relaunching of the European project. Again, some say we have been there

:55:56.:56:00.

and done that. Do we really want to rest all our hopes on a resurgence

:56:01.:56:05.

of the European project? Is his argument will be, yes, we have

:56:06.:56:08.

reached a point where we have got rid of Britain which was the great,

:56:09.:56:15.

sort of, ball and chain about immigration, now is the chance for

:56:16.:56:21.

you really to move down the road to integration -- for Europe to really

:56:22.:56:24.

move down the road to integration, setting up European Parliament, is

:56:25.:56:30.

there a system of distributing wealth. If that can happen in

:56:31.:56:37.

partnership with France's reef forming, maybe Europe will start

:56:38.:56:41.

being able to take the rightful place on the world stage to which he

:56:42.:56:46.

certainly think is it. Thanks for joining us. Hugh Schofield with his

:56:47.:56:54.

analysis of where we are on a historic day this France as it

:56:55.:56:57.

watches the transfer of power from Francois Hollande too, as you were

:56:58.:57:06.

saying, the young Emmanuel Macron. Close by to the Elysee Palace is our

:57:07.:57:17.

correspondent, and we were seeing people on the street

:57:18.:57:30.

we were speaking to people and the crowd of been huge, whether it is a

:57:31.:57:46.

socialist or another party. Perhaps Emmanuel Macron has not attracted

:57:47.:57:51.

the same amount of actual supporters turning up to the Elysee Palace

:57:52.:57:55.

because he is so new. But they are saying around here, this is a far

:57:56.:58:02.

smaller crowds may have seen at the Elysee Palace for past inauguration.

:58:03.:58:08.

You were talking about the difficulties and challenges that

:58:09.:58:10.

Emmanuel Macron faces and has been facing since the moment he was

:58:11.:58:15.

elected one week ago. All the newspapers this morning, pretty much

:58:16.:58:18.

all of them, are talking about what he has to do now. The honeymoon

:58:19.:58:23.

period was so incredibly short before, immediately, he started

:58:24.:58:28.

thinking towards the 11th of June, that is one the lower house of

:58:29.:58:33.

parliament elections take place. He needs a majority of MPs in that

:58:34.:58:37.

lower house of parliament. At the moment En Marche, his party, his

:58:38.:58:43.

movement, has absolutely nobody in the Parliament. They have to get a

:58:44.:58:50.

working majority of people to support him in order for Emmanuel

:58:51.:58:55.

Macron to carry out the reforms he wants in order to pass laws. That is

:58:56.:59:00.

talk about this some more. This week, we have had the revelation of

:59:01.:59:06.

people running for the seats, not all of them have been announced.

:59:07.:59:14.

They are a diverse bunch, exactly half female, and come from all walks

:59:15.:59:20.

of life? The presidential office will be in enormous for Macron. He

:59:21.:59:28.

realises that. The difficulty for him will be that he has at the

:59:29.:59:33.

moment, no constituency behind him and his En Marche is fairly new. He

:59:34.:59:39.

has this changed it to Republic En Marche. At the moment, he doesn't

:59:40.:59:55.

have a shoo-in. -- a shoo-in Prime Minister to come into the lower

:59:56.:59:59.

house. And he has no obvious political allies either. He will

:00:00.:00:06.

have to find some too, effectively, enforce his ambitious political

:00:07.:00:09.

programme. As you said, at the moment, people have emigrated so

:00:10.:00:16.

far, half of them have no political experience at all -- people have

:00:17.:00:20.

been recruited so far. The average age is 46 which is younger than the

:00:21.:00:31.

people who occupy the seats at the moment. People from all walks of

:00:32.:00:35.

life including a former bull-fighter and a former Nobel were winning

:00:36.:00:42.

mathematician. It is 50-50 in terms of male and female distribution. But

:00:43.:00:50.

this strikes me less about ability than representational correctness.

:00:51.:00:54.

He will have to find political friends and allies pretty quickly.

:00:55.:01:02.

We see inside the Elysee, everybody in anticipation. That meeting

:01:03.:01:06.

between outgoing and incoming president seems to be going on for a

:01:07.:01:11.

while. They are having essentially an informal conversation before

:01:12.:01:13.

Emmanuel Macron sees Francois Hollande out of the Elysee Palace

:01:14.:01:21.

the good. But as an outgoing president, I'm sure Francois

:01:22.:01:27.

Hollande will be welcomed but they will follow the actual inauguration

:01:28.:01:34.

after that. We saw Emmanuel Macron's rive Bridget alive -- wife Bridget

:01:35.:01:44.

alive before her husband. Why did it come in that order?

:01:45.:01:50.

-- review that guard by the incumbent president and his wife by

:01:51.:02:05.

the steps of the Elysee Palace. Of course, president Emmanuel Macron is

:02:06.:02:09.

a bachelor and doesn't have an official first Lady. The surgery and

:02:10.:02:17.

-- to avoid embarrassment, she arrived before him. We have talked

:02:18.:02:24.

about his forthcoming parliamentary legislative election, there is

:02:25.:02:28.

obviously the fact that the French president is a powerful role in

:02:29.:02:35.

itself. But Parliament is essential still for doing things he wants to

:02:36.:02:39.

do. Absolutely. The irony about Emmanuel Macron is that what it

:02:40.:02:44.

essentially allowed him to rise so quickly, is also to do with his

:02:45.:02:49.

ability. We discussed how lucky he got with this election. But it has

:02:50.:02:57.

to do with the details. He is hands on with the policies he lamented. --

:02:58.:03:06.

with the policies he invented. He will be having to find ministers and

:03:07.:03:15.

crucially, a permanently to reinforce his policies. He will be

:03:16.:03:21.

less hands-on ironically, and he will have to find people to

:03:22.:03:23.

implement this programme. Monday will be the day that announcement

:03:24.:03:31.

all be to be premised. A lot of names are being bandied about. That

:03:32.:03:35.

will be crucial to set the tone for his presidency, whether he chooses

:03:36.:03:39.

someone from the Socialist Party or the more right-wing candidate, it

:03:40.:03:44.

will be decisive in the course of action in his administration. So

:03:45.:03:50.

far, there have been 24 socialists who have been selected to represent

:03:51.:03:55.

his Republic En Marche movement to face this Parliament elections.

:03:56.:04:03.

There will be members from the conservative Republican parties who

:04:04.:04:07.

want to leave what is a blighted party now in the wake of their

:04:08.:04:19.

their support of a candidate who is going under criminal investigation.

:04:20.:04:29.

They will want immediate power and will be tempted to join the En

:04:30.:04:39.

Marche movement. These allegations against Francois Fillon, he would

:04:40.:04:43.

have been a favourite for centre-right and his expenses and

:04:44.:04:47.

salaries are now under the microscope and that effectively led

:04:48.:04:50.

to the fact that he fell out of the race and did not make it through to

:04:51.:04:52.

the second round. I think it is fair to say when the

:04:53.:05:01.

scandal broke, the state job scandal, he would've been a shoo-in,

:05:02.:05:08.

for Fillon. He had a formidable vehicle behind him help, he took

:05:09.:05:11.

over as Sarkozy as head of the party and he was hugely popular. Everybody

:05:12.:05:17.

was absolutely convinced that he was going to be the next president and

:05:18.:05:23.

all of a sudden, this scandal broke out which has to do with the

:05:24.:05:27.

effectively self enrichment and I think that is what made an awful lot

:05:28.:05:30.

of difference in the minds of French people who, let's be honest, I used

:05:31.:05:35.

to be corruption of the political class of France, either on the left

:05:36.:05:39.

or on the right, but the difference was, unlike others who also got

:05:40.:05:47.

criminal charges against them for all sorts of corruption with the

:05:48.:05:54.

party, it had to do with enriching the party and not themselves and I

:05:55.:05:57.

think that is the main difference that has stuck with the French

:05:58.:06:01.

people. That was the twist of fate that helped Emmanuel Macron on the

:06:02.:06:05.

right. What happened with regard to the socialist? They had a primary

:06:06.:06:09.

which ended up in a candidate being chosen who were so far to the left

:06:10.:06:13.

that he did not represent the centre, the right of the party and

:06:14.:06:18.

utter innocence was another sense of luck for Emmanuel Macron? To a

:06:19.:06:23.

certain extent, it could be argued that he is responsible for the

:06:24.:06:26.

fragmentation of the left. He came in as a money man to Hollande's

:06:27.:06:31.

government and he started implementing very right-wing, some

:06:32.:06:35.

people would say, liberalising economic policies which divided the

:06:36.:06:40.

left and absolutely angered an awful lot of traditional socialist. It

:06:41.:06:44.

effectively lead to the explosion of the left into three separate

:06:45.:06:50.

parties. The hard life, Jean-Luc Melenchon, the official candidate

:06:51.:06:54.

for the socialist was another, the social Democrat, Emmanuel Macron who

:06:55.:07:03.

won the race in the end. We are just waiting. As many of the people in

:07:04.:07:08.

the Elysee Palace are for former, or the outgoing president Francois

:07:09.:07:13.

Hollande to emerge. From that meeting with Emmanuel Macron, the

:07:14.:07:18.

incoming president, the handover of power, the conversation between the

:07:19.:07:22.

two men. They know each other so well. Handing over the nuclear codes

:07:23.:07:26.

as well. This very private meeting is critical. It is absolutely

:07:27.:07:31.

crucial to this whole process, isn't it? Absolutely. It is the effective

:07:32.:07:35.

handover of power that is happening at the moment. In a short period of

:07:36.:07:39.

time, we will see President Hollande out of the Elysee Palace, honoured

:07:40.:07:45.

by the Republican guard salute, of course he will be welcomed at any

:07:46.:07:49.

time by the Macrons in the Elysee Palace as well and will follow the

:07:50.:07:53.

actual inauguration ceremony which is very solemn and will happen in

:07:54.:07:58.

the ballroom at the Elysee Palace, as has been the case under the fifth

:07:59.:08:02.

public. It has not been the case under the third and fourth republics

:08:03.:08:07.

where it took place in the room at Versailles. So, while we wait here,

:08:08.:08:15.

just outside the Elysee Palace looking at the crowds that opposite,

:08:16.:08:20.

waiting for Francois Hollande, the outgoing president to emerge, once

:08:21.:08:24.

he has got into a car, we saw parked, at the end of the 60 metres

:08:25.:08:29.

of red-carpet, he will drive away and that is the end of his term in

:08:30.:08:35.

office. Under blue skies now, the rain has stopped, thankfully, here

:08:36.:08:40.

in Paris. The moment, back to you, Ben, in the studio. Thank you very

:08:41.:08:47.

much indeed. Those talks between the outgoing President Hollande and his

:08:48.:08:51.

protege, the new president 39-year-old Emmanuel Macron, those

:08:52.:08:54.

talks seem to be going on a little bit longer than we had expected. But

:08:55.:09:01.

they are, as we know, two men who know each other very well and they

:09:02.:09:04.

have got plenty to talk about, the future of France and the transfer of

:09:05.:09:12.

those nuclear codes. Paris correspondent Hugh Schofield, that

:09:13.:09:16.

is, innocence, some of the most important business of the day. We

:09:17.:09:20.

have all this ceremonial but as the transfer of the nuclear codes that

:09:21.:09:27.

is crucial there. I've been reading up on the nuclear codes, is it

:09:28.:09:31.

really be nuclear codes, what does it mean? Do they have to memorise

:09:32.:09:38.

it? In fact what it is we use the shorthand in nuclear codes, what it

:09:39.:09:43.

is it is a code, it is a code that identifies him as the president. In

:09:44.:09:48.

other words, when there is a crisis and the Armed Forces chiefs are, on

:09:49.:09:54.

the stand-by, in order to identify himself to them to say look, I am

:09:55.:09:58.

giving the order to launch the nuclear missiles, he needs to have

:09:59.:10:02.

some kind of identifier and that is what is handed over to him at this

:10:03.:10:07.

meeting. Presumably in must change as well. More than that, I do not

:10:08.:10:13.

know. It is not the kind of code that launches a nuclear missile, it

:10:14.:10:17.

is the identifier for the president. And the anecdote that goes with it

:10:18.:10:24.

that in 1981 when the president was handing over to the next, he had

:10:25.:10:28.

this meeting which is going on now between Macron. Hollande, and gave

:10:29.:10:31.

him the information and it was on a piece of paper and he put it in the

:10:32.:10:35.

pocket of his suit that later in the day, he changed his suit and Lucy 20

:10:36.:10:40.

the dry cleaners! Sony pocket of deceit going to the dry cleaners was

:10:41.:10:45.

the President's personal identifier which would allow him to lodge

:10:46.:10:51.

nuclear war. Fortunately of course the suit was recuperated in time

:10:52.:10:54.

when the problem was spotted and nothing ever leaked out. But that is

:10:55.:11:00.

the story. It is a very good story. You have the image of Mr Macron

:11:01.:11:04.

scribbling down numbers on a scrap of paper. I cannot imagine it as

:11:05.:11:09.

basic as that today. Look, the sky over Paris has lifted. It is a

:11:10.:11:16.

beautiful blue sky now because it was raining rather heavily one were

:11:17.:11:19.

talking to a colleague earlier. Perhaps that is a symbol of a bright

:11:20.:11:25.

new dawn for France as it enters its new presidency. And the car that I

:11:26.:11:30.

will take away the outgoing president Hollande. What are your

:11:31.:11:33.

thoughts on this day? A very political significant day for

:11:34.:11:39.

France. Well, on a more trivial meteorological question, everyone

:11:40.:11:44.

remembers this day five years ago when Hollande had just been

:11:45.:11:53.

inaugurated and made his way up Champs-Elysee and it started

:11:54.:11:57.

bucketing with rain and he was sodden and his suits started taking

:11:58.:12:05.

on this air of sheen on it. Well, the weather is certainly looking

:12:06.:12:15.

better today. There is finally the moment we have been waiting for. The

:12:16.:12:22.

new president and the old president side-by-side, after that meeting

:12:23.:12:25.

that we have just been talking about, where they work, amongst

:12:26.:12:29.

other things, discussing the nuclear codes. And Emmanuel Macron, as Hugh

:12:30.:12:39.

Schofield wishes telling us, being given the code that identified him

:12:40.:12:47.

as the man who can trigger a nuclear response from France. And applause

:12:48.:12:52.

as the two men walk along the red carpet that leads Francois Hollande

:12:53.:12:55.

to the car that will take him away from the Elysee Palace for the last

:12:56.:13:02.

time. And a handshake and a tap on the shoulder for the new president,

:13:03.:13:11.

Emmanuel Macron. From the man, Francois Hollande who brought him

:13:12.:13:14.

into his government as Economy Minister and has watched him rise to

:13:15.:13:20.

power. Francois Hollande applauded by his protege as he steps into the

:13:21.:13:26.

back of that modest car, a ways to his successor. A -- his successor.

:13:27.:13:41.

Leading with a mixed legacy. Seen as by an author as a failure, his

:13:42.:13:48.

popularity rating slumped. A wave in the sunshine. As he leaves. Applause

:13:49.:13:57.

as he is driven out through the gates for the last time. The crowds

:13:58.:14:11.

outside the Elysee that are an Emmanuel Macron now walks back alone

:14:12.:14:14.

along the red carpet to the Elysee for the formal inauguration ceremony

:14:15.:14:23.

as Francois Hollande is driven away. Mr Macron with his wife Brigitte.

:14:24.:14:35.

The women he met when he was her drama student at school, just a

:14:36.:14:47.

teenager and he wrote the play, apparently, that she wished hugely

:14:48.:14:52.

impressed by and all of France has been impressed by his talent and he

:14:53.:14:58.

has risen with meteoric speed as these races up those stairs with

:14:59.:15:04.

great energy, bounding up the stairs, just showing what a young

:15:05.:15:09.

president he is. Only 39 years of age. But is it going to be a

:15:10.:15:16.

revolution in France or is it is going to be more of the same? That

:15:17.:15:18.

is what Hugh Schofield was discussing whether because, of

:15:19.:15:23.

course, he has been Francois Hollande's protege and many of his

:15:24.:15:29.

critics, Mr Macron, will say, he is just part of the old Hollande regime

:15:30.:15:35.

who is going to continue the same policies. So, he's Goforth, Paris

:15:36.:15:44.

correspondent, just talk is what really happens now. How does this

:15:45.:15:53.

inauguration actually take place? In these sort of constitutional

:15:54.:15:57.

ceremonial, there is no actual, I do not think, moment of handing on of

:15:58.:16:02.

power. There is no anointing of the king like there would be in the

:16:03.:16:05.

cathedral in the old days, the moment of the anointing he becomes

:16:06.:16:09.

king. I think it is just happening now as we speak. At some point in

:16:10.:16:16.

this hour, the hour that has been on the hour that has yet to come, he

:16:17.:16:20.

becomes president. You could see it as the moment when Francois Hollande

:16:21.:16:24.

tries away all the moment when the president of the cost YouTube

:16:25.:16:28.

Council reads out the results of the elections which he is going to do

:16:29.:16:34.

now. Maybe that is the moment when it is recorded publicly that he was

:16:35.:16:38.

elected and is now president. It is not known and it is not really

:16:39.:16:41.

matter. What is certainly knowing that when he emerges, I think out of

:16:42.:16:46.

the back door, add to the garden of the Elysee onto the Champs-Elysee,

:16:47.:16:51.

he is the president and the country looks and realises that there is a

:16:52.:16:56.

new leader. A bit like in Britain, in the French way, there is a

:16:57.:17:00.

mystery surrounding all of theirs which is part of the sacramental is

:17:01.:17:05.

of high office in France. No one can put their finger on it. It is just

:17:06.:17:13.

what happens. But as we speak, he is becoming president. He will make

:17:14.:17:18.

that speech in a second and then he will be anointed and inducted, shall

:17:19.:17:25.

we say, as Grand Master of the Legion of honour and that is a

:17:26.:17:29.

symbolic moment as well, going back to Napoleon because the Grand Master

:17:30.:17:34.

of the Legion of honour is the president. He will make the speech,

:17:35.:17:39.

go up the Champs-Elysee and then it will be to business. The ceremony

:17:40.:17:44.

will be forgotten. There is another moment this afternoon where he goes

:17:45.:17:48.

to meet the Mayor of Paris. But as part of tradition. It will be very

:17:49.:17:52.

quickly down to business for Emmanuel Macron because there is an

:17:53.:17:55.

awful lot to do. And he was to be seen as someone who gets down to

:17:56.:17:58.

business very quickly. I'm good to be very interested to see whether he

:17:59.:18:01.

is one of those presidents who acts in the first few months knowing that

:18:02.:18:06.

will make him an unpopular but to get the unpopularity over with first

:18:07.:18:10.

or whether he is someone, a bit like Hollande, who dithers and nothing

:18:11.:18:13.

gets done much. I think he's going to be more like someone who decides

:18:14.:18:18.

to take the heat early on with some fairly dramatic early decision. And

:18:19.:18:24.

you talk about his energy. When we saw him running up the stairs there,

:18:25.:18:29.

he seemed to be wanting to show that he is a very young and vigorous

:18:30.:18:33.

president. And different in a way to predecessors and from Hollande.

:18:34.:18:39.

Completely. He knows he represents this generational change. He knows

:18:40.:18:43.

that for many young people, particularly of the kind of aspiring

:18:44.:18:47.

middle classes, people who do not want to give up on optimism, people

:18:48.:18:51.

you want to feel that France has got a place in the New World, he

:18:52.:18:57.

represents them, they are a generation who feel they have been

:18:58.:19:01.

badly done by by the failure of France to reform. They are people

:19:02.:19:05.

that feel like the older generation of people, the people who emerge

:19:06.:19:09.

from the 1968 May cultural revolution that followed that, they

:19:10.:19:14.

have been done out of their birthright, that the people in the

:19:15.:19:17.

old generation have held onto their jobs, they have got the good

:19:18.:19:20.

positions and the Scot on them and they have said, if you want to come

:19:21.:19:23.

get jobs, you have your own rebellion. There is this resentment,

:19:24.:19:29.

I think among middle-class and younger people who still the place

:19:30.:19:33.

should be shaken up so that their chance in the sun should come. He

:19:34.:19:40.

represents them and was too generally open up the French

:19:41.:19:45.

economy, along liberal lines so that is more easy the younger people to

:19:46.:19:50.

get access to jobs and that the youthful energy, as he jumped up

:19:51.:19:56.

those stairs, is a signal that he was to give up to this country. We

:19:57.:20:03.

are seeing Brigitte, his wife, 64 years old, many people have talked a

:20:04.:20:08.

lot and been rather fascinated by this relationship, this great story,

:20:09.:20:14.

the romance of the schoolboy meeting his drama teacher and then marrying

:20:15.:20:19.

her. How important? She's going to be a very different first lady in

:20:20.:20:24.

the Elysee. She may well get a proper status. One of Emmanuel

:20:25.:20:28.

Macron's plans is devoted to the rule book, whatever that is, whether

:20:29.:20:32.

it is a law or decree, something that says that France can have a

:20:33.:20:37.

first Lady. There is nothing in the rule book, the Constitution about

:20:38.:20:40.

their wife or spouse, partner of the president. I think he wants to

:20:41.:20:46.

officially start which is not uncontroversial because many people

:20:47.:20:50.

in France will say that is not part of our republican traditions, family

:20:51.:20:53.

members have no role in the running of our state, of our country, his

:20:54.:20:58.

view would be, well, we have lived in a very hypocritical situation

:20:59.:21:03.

where it has always been women, the women have had different kind of

:21:04.:21:06.

roles and it has caused embarrassment and it has cause

:21:07.:21:09.

awkwardness, let's just have something proper. I think it is also

:21:10.:21:12.

find sign of his devotion to the woman. They are very, very close. He

:21:13.:21:18.

depends on her emotionally, we saw in documentaries that brokers are

:21:19.:21:21.

the one last Sunday how she played a crucial role in the campaign, who

:21:22.:21:29.

was often there in the sidelines, chastising him, do not eat

:21:30.:21:32.

chocolate, that sort of way. They are very close. She has an input,

:21:33.:21:41.

she is critical of him, she minds him, she has ideas. He regards as

:21:42.:21:45.

someone very, very important in his life and she is not ashamed to make

:21:46.:21:49.

that public. He is not ashamed to make public. He would rather make it

:21:50.:21:54.

public. She will have a very prominent part to play. We are just

:21:55.:22:00.

waiting there in the ballroom of the Elysee for the reading out of the

:22:01.:22:06.

election results. As you were saying, that is an important part of

:22:07.:22:10.

the ceremony, isn't it? The reading out of the official declaration of

:22:11.:22:14.

the election results. Odyssey we all know them and we have known for

:22:15.:22:18.

quite a long time. I hope and I seem to remember that he only reads out

:22:19.:22:22.

round to results otherwise it would take a rather long time. He was the

:22:23.:22:30.

former Socialist Prime Minister, the one who drew up the European

:22:31.:22:36.

constitution which came to grief and has now been elevated in his elder

:22:37.:22:41.

years to president of the Constitutional Council which is

:22:42.:22:47.

extremely important body in France, in mind the constitution, it

:22:48.:22:51.

oversees the questions of whether laws are in conformity with the

:22:52.:22:55.

constitution. But also provides over at occasions like this, in a sense

:22:56.:22:59.

that he is the voice of the constitution. I hear music. Yes,

:23:00.:23:04.

here is the new president of France, Emmanuel Macron.

:23:05.:23:09.

The president of the Republic, last Sunday, the 7th of May, 2017,

:23:10.:24:53.

following an unusual electric campaign in many ways, you receive

:24:54.:25:05.

20,000,740 3000, 128 votes in the second round of the presidential

:25:06.:25:09.

election. An absolute majority of votes. Implementing articles six and

:25:10.:25:23.

seven of our Constitution, the cost issue -- Constitutional Council or

:25:24.:25:25.

the Kurds you elected president of the republic. The AIDS president

:25:26.:25:32.

elected with universal suffrage of the Republic. This Sunday 14th of

:25:33.:25:41.

May in the specific moment you are entering your mandate. We will give

:25:42.:25:47.

you your mess and so congratulations, Mr President of the

:25:48.:25:55.

Republic. In a phrase that takes full meaning, in order to be the man

:25:56.:25:59.

of 1's country, you have to be the man of your time. Man of our time

:26:00.:26:06.

and out of the U R. By your choice, your training, your pass and even

:26:07.:26:17.

your society position and by sovereign choice of the people, you

:26:18.:26:23.

are the man of our country. Responsible for representing it

:26:24.:26:28.

everywhere in the metropolis and overseas, in Europe and in the

:26:29.:26:32.

world. The president of the French republic, head of State, head of the

:26:33.:26:38.

Army 's, Armed Forces, president of our republic which is indivisible,

:26:39.:26:44.

secular, democratic and social, responsible for representing it and

:26:45.:26:52.

making it progress. In body and the values and the language and putting

:26:53.:26:59.

it together. And that is to say in this time, in this world, this new

:27:00.:27:07.

World where there great perspectives coming up against major risks for

:27:08.:27:13.

planet, the main importance than the difficulty of your mission leads the

:27:14.:27:23.

government which is self controlled by Parliament, in order to appease

:27:24.:27:28.

anger, you you repair injury, to eliminate doubt, to show the path

:27:29.:27:38.

and to embody hope. That is why, Mr President, your success will be the

:27:39.:27:45.

success of France and that is why we offer you for your mandate to keep

:27:46.:27:52.

the people close to you and yourself, are very warm wishes of

:27:53.:27:53.

success. TRANSLATION: Mr President of the

:27:54.:28:09.

Republic, we recognise you as being a great master of the National order

:28:10.:28:11.

of the Legion of honour. So your manual Macron verb being

:28:12.:28:29.

presented with the grand Cross of the Legion of honour which all

:28:30.:28:32.

presidents are given. -- Emmanuel Macron. He will not wear it, he is

:28:33.:28:36.

presented with it as the new president. And there, just signing

:28:37.:28:44.

the order of the Legion of honour. And you heard the saying to him to

:28:45.:28:52.

be the man of our country, you has to be the man of our times. And that

:28:53.:29:01.

is what he said, Emmanuel Macron is. TRANSLATION: Presidential as the

:29:02.:29:07.

cost issue Council, ladies and gentlemen, chairs, ladies and

:29:08.:29:11.

gentlemen, the French have chosen, as you reminded us, in the spirit of

:29:12.:29:19.

Congress and the whole world has looked at our presidential election,

:29:20.:29:23.

everywhere people were wondering whether the French would decide in

:29:24.:29:30.

turn to go back to the past, it solutions, whether they would break

:29:31.:29:36.

with the way the world is going, yield to democratic defiance. The

:29:37.:29:39.

feeling of division turning the buck to the lights. Or, on the other

:29:40.:29:45.

hand, with the embrace the future, give themselves collectively new

:29:46.:29:52.

momentum, reaffirming the values that have made of it are great

:29:53.:29:55.

people? On the 7th of May, the French chose and let us thank them

:29:56.:30:04.

here. The responsibility that they gave me is an honour and I measured

:30:05.:30:10.

its seriousness the world and Europe, more than ever, need France.

:30:11.:30:17.

They need a strong France, sure of its own destiny. They need a France

:30:18.:30:24.

which raises hide the voice of liberty and solidarity, they need a

:30:25.:30:30.

France which knows how to invade the future. The world needs what the

:30:31.:30:36.

French people, men and women, have always taught it, the daring of

:30:37.:30:45.

freedom, the requirements of the quality and a will for Fred Fred --

:30:46.:30:56.

fraternity. Frantz has belted itself and its culture, its social model,

:30:57.:31:03.

it has doubts in what it has made. -- France has belted itself. There

:31:04.:31:07.

will be to demand in my mandate. The first will be to give to be French

:31:08.:31:12.

people is confident of itself which, for too long, has been weakened. And

:31:13.:31:16.

I can reassure you, I have not for a moment thought things would stay as

:31:17.:31:26.

they worked in the 7th of May in the evening, it would be slow work and

:31:27.:31:30.

demanding but indispensable. It will be my role to convince the French

:31:31.:31:37.

people that our country wishing to be in difficulty with the sometimes

:31:38.:31:42.

contrary currents of the world, that they will use all its resources to

:31:43.:31:48.

be among the first of nations. I will convince our citizens that the

:31:49.:31:51.

power of France is not declining, that we are on the edge of the great

:31:52.:31:56.

Renaissance because in our hands we have all the assets which make and

:31:57.:32:02.

will make the great powers of the 21st century. To do that, I will

:32:03.:32:09.

yield in nothing on the commitments made with respect to the French

:32:10.:32:14.

people. Everything which gives vigour to the France and prosperity

:32:15.:32:19.

will be implemented, work will be made free, companies will be

:32:20.:32:23.

supported, initiatives will be encouraged, culture and education,

:32:24.:32:30.

which gives rise to emancipation, creation, innovation, these will be

:32:31.:32:34.

at the heart of my actions. The French people, men and women who

:32:35.:32:38.

feel forgotten by this great movement in the world, they will

:32:39.:32:44.

have to see themselves better protected. Everything which forges

:32:45.:32:49.

our national solidarity will be reformulated, reinvented and

:32:50.:32:53.

equality are respectively incidence of life will be strengthened.

:32:54.:32:57.

Everything which makes France a country sure where it is possible to

:32:58.:33:07.

live without fear will be amplified, secularism, Republican centralism

:33:08.:33:10.

will be defended. The forces of law and order, our armies strengthened.

:33:11.:33:20.

The Europe that we need will be remoulded, relaunch because it

:33:21.:33:27.

protects us in the world to create something new is, our institutions,

:33:28.:33:31.

criticised by some, have two, in the eyes of the French people, get back

:33:32.:33:39.

the effectiveness which gives their longevity. I will do everything in

:33:40.:33:43.

my power for it to operate according to the spread of which it was

:33:44.:33:46.

created. And so that, I will ensure that our country has new democratic

:33:47.:33:53.

vitality and citizens will be listened to. They will see in that

:33:54.:34:02.

challenge, I will need all of you, there is policy of all the elites,

:34:03.:34:07.

political, economic, social, religious, all the bodies of the

:34:08.:34:13.

French nation, they will be called upon. We can no longer take refuge

:34:14.:34:24.

behind usages or habits which are sometimes pass their time. We have

:34:25.:34:29.

to get back to the deep meeting, the dignity of what today brings us

:34:30.:34:35.

together. To act in a just way, in an effective way for people. France

:34:36.:34:42.

is only strong if it prospers, France is only a model for the world

:34:43.:34:48.

if it is an example. Exemplary and that is my second requirement

:34:49.:34:53.

because we will have given back to the French for the future and ready

:34:54.:34:59.

to what they are, the world will pay attention to what transfers because

:35:00.:35:05.

we will be unable to, together, go beyond our fears and anxieties, we

:35:06.:35:11.

will, together, give the example of the people which knows how to affirm

:35:12.:35:15.

its values, its principles, which are those of democracy and the

:35:16.:35:17.

Republic. The efforts of my predecessors have

:35:18.:35:27.

been remarkable, on those lines, I am thinking of Charles de Gaulle,

:35:28.:35:33.

who worked to put France back in its position among the nations of the

:35:34.:35:40.

world. And thinking of Pompidou who made our country and industrial

:35:41.:35:53.

power, allowing the country to modernise, Jacques Chirac, who gave

:35:54.:35:59.

us the position of a nation which can say, now, to the pretensions and

:36:00.:36:04.

claims of those who want more. And Nicolas Sarkozy, who could deal with

:36:05.:36:13.

the financial crisis that struck the world so harshly. And Francois

:36:14.:36:19.

Hollande, a precursor, with the agreement in Paris on climate, and

:36:20.:36:27.

dealing with a world hit in Paris by terrorism. And the mistake in these

:36:28.:36:37.

last decades Boston has seen a deleterious -- often has seen a

:36:38.:36:43.

deleterious. Internal climate which has seen France not in favour,

:36:44.:36:50.

sometimes weakened by a national situation full of uncertainty, and

:36:51.:36:56.

sometimes worry. Ladies and gentleman, now, France has to do now

:36:57.:37:05.

rise to the moment. The divisions in our society have to be overcome.

:37:06.:37:10.

Whether economic, social, political maul. -- political or moral law.

:37:11.:37:20.

Because the world expects us to be strong and clairvoyant. We will

:37:21.:37:28.

assume all our responsibilities it's time it is necessary to answer the

:37:29.:37:36.

great crises of the time. Whether the migration crisis or the climate

:37:37.:37:41.

challenge, or is slippage to authoritarianism or the excesses of

:37:42.:37:44.

world capitalism, or of course terrorism. Nothing, now, can affect

:37:45.:37:50.

some people leaving the others unhurt. We all neighbours. France

:37:51.:37:59.

will always seek to be on the side of liberty, human rights, but always

:38:00.:38:06.

in order to build peace in time, over time. We have a major role to

:38:07.:38:13.

correct the excesses of the way the world is going and seek to defend

:38:14.:38:20.

freedom. That is our vocation. To do that, we need a more effective,

:38:21.:38:27.

Democratic Europe, more political, because as is the instrument of our

:38:28.:38:31.

power and sovereignty. I will work along those lines. Geography has

:38:32.:38:39.

significantly become smaller overtime has accelerated. We are

:38:40.:38:46.

going through a period of France the coming decades. We will not fight

:38:47.:38:49.

only for this generation but the future generations. It is up to us,

:38:50.:38:57.

all of us, that here and now, we have to decide on the world in which

:38:58.:39:06.

future generations will live. That, maybe, is our greatest before

:39:07.:39:13.

usability. We have to build the world -- our greatest

:39:14.:39:16.

responsibility. We have to build the world are young people deserve. By

:39:17.:39:19.

now the French people at this time are expecting a lot of me and they

:39:20.:39:23.

are right. The mandate that they have given me gives me to deal with

:39:24.:39:31.

absolute requirements and I am fully aware of that. Nothing will be

:39:32.:39:38.

yielded for facility or compromise. Nothing will weaken my

:39:39.:39:41.

determination. Nothing will make me renounce, give up defending at any

:39:42.:39:45.

time or anywhere, the higher interests of France. I will at the

:39:46.:39:53.

same time, seek constantly to reconcile and to bring together all

:39:54.:39:59.

French people. The trust that the French people have given me fills me

:40:00.:40:08.

with great energy. An intimate certainty, that together, we can

:40:09.:40:11.

write one of the most beautiful pages of our history in my actions.

:40:12.:40:17.

In those moments where everything can go awry, the French people have

:40:18.:40:24.

always delivered for the energy and discernment, the spirit of Concord,

:40:25.:40:32.

to deal with deep change. And that is a situation now. That is for this

:40:33.:40:39.

mission that, humbly, I will serve our people. I know that I can count

:40:40.:40:46.

on all our citizens to carry out the considerable and exhausting task

:40:47.:40:50.

which is ahead of us. And as far as I'm concerned, as of the seedling, I

:40:51.:40:54.

will start work. Long live the Republic, long live France. STUDIO:

:40:55.:41:03.

Emmanuel Macron, the new president of France applauded for that speak

:41:04.:41:12.

for -- speech. His wife is there. A remarkable speech saying France has

:41:13.:41:15.

doubted itself for decades, and he says his mission mission is to give

:41:16.:41:21.

them to people confidence in themselves. He said the power of

:41:22.:41:27.

France is not declining, we are on the edge of a great Renaissance. He

:41:28.:41:34.

was saying in this election, everyone had been wondering if

:41:35.:41:38.

France would go back to the past, all up to the future. He said France

:41:39.:41:48.

had chosen the future. He said the world and Europe now, more than

:41:49.:41:57.

ever, needs strong France, short of its own destiny, a France that knows

:41:58.:42:02.

how to invent the future, he said. Sterling words, then, from the new

:42:03.:42:09.

president of the fifth Republic. -- sterling words. Just 39 years old.

:42:10.:42:18.

Greeted their by politicians and officials as the new president of

:42:19.:42:22.

France. Our Paris correspondent was listening to that. Some striking

:42:23.:42:30.

words there from the new president? I was struck by the predominance of

:42:31.:42:41.

the prefix 're'. Relaunch, rejuvenated. He was going to take on

:42:42.:42:48.

the old and make it new. That is the only have ambition. It represents

:42:49.:42:55.

use, wrap Champs-Elysees energy, bigger Dick Tuimavave use, energy,

:42:56.:43:03.

He has a set of policies and systems which are good but need to be about

:43:04.:43:12.

and given the energy and purpose. That is the purpose he intends to

:43:13.:43:18.

give it. It was a powerful speech, as you are saying, looking forward

:43:19.:43:26.

and giving back. He felt confident that this is the word you picked up

:43:27.:43:31.

and I did too, a relevant answer France is around the corner. If only

:43:32.:43:42.

he and the country can find the energy and let go on to the economy

:43:43.:43:47.

and society, and culture, he talked about the need to open up Labour and

:43:48.:43:55.

other companies. And culture, innovation, are part of his idea. It

:43:56.:44:01.

is a hopeful message and comparisons are made to Barack Obama when he

:44:02.:44:05.

came to power eight years ago or so. Some ideas that hope is there and he

:44:06.:44:10.

represented. And we will have to see. He looks the part the part.

:44:11.:44:17.

Will he actually be able to harness this latent force in the country

:44:18.:44:22.

which he says is always there? We have to see. He remarked at the end

:44:23.:44:26.

there that France always, when it comes to change, he has found that

:44:27.:44:37.

determination and Concord. That is one interpretation, another is that

:44:38.:44:40.

France has been unable to cope with change. It hasn't learned to adapt

:44:41.:44:44.

and wait till the crisis arrives and then has a momentous and often

:44:45.:44:48.

violent change. That is what people fear could still be to come if he

:44:49.:44:54.

doesn't, at this crucial juncture, harness the benevolent forces of

:44:55.:44:59.

positive change which he claims he can see and knows how to put to

:45:00.:45:07.

work. He should prefer not just his predecessor Francois Hollande but

:45:08.:45:10.

previous presidents, talking about their achievements as leaders.

:45:11.:45:15.

Putting himself as leader in brackets, saying I am the new leader

:45:16.:45:23.

and will achieve this. There are people that want to be people of the

:45:24.:45:28.

fifth Republic and I attached to that institution. And he is two, he

:45:29.:45:32.

is not someone that wants to tear it down or turn it into a much more

:45:33.:45:38.

parliamentary democracy. He wants the president to be presidential,

:45:39.:45:44.

and as he said, in counterpoint to Francois Hollande, he does not want

:45:45.:45:50.

to be a normal president, rowers boxer-macro said he wants to be

:45:51.:45:55.

normal. He wants the president to have wrote this about him. He will

:45:56.:46:00.

not be giving regular interviews and will surround himself with a certain

:46:01.:46:04.

mystique of power. He thinks that is more effective. He'll make decisions

:46:05.:46:11.

that are his. This is something to watch ahead in the months ahead. It

:46:12.:46:17.

is such a personal mission that he has got going. And he is a man of

:46:18.:46:22.

such personal talent and brilliance, if you like, but there have been

:46:23.:46:28.

questions about whether he may risk being detached in his ivory tower

:46:29.:46:33.

surrounded by advisers giving orders because he has such self-confidence.

:46:34.:46:38.

And maybe he takes too much on himself and becomes a bit too

:46:39.:46:42.

detached. That is something to watch out for. But his recital was an

:46:43.:46:51.

attempt to put himself in that tradition and, to his predecessors,

:46:52.:46:55.

some of whom are people who was opposed to politically like Jacques

:46:56.:47:03.

Chirac, he was gracious, Chirac for Iraq, Sarkozy for tackling the

:47:04.:47:12.

banking crisis of 2008 and 2009 and foxtrot macro, even though he has

:47:13.:47:15.

differences on economic policy, he said his actions on terrorism and

:47:16.:47:23.

climate change were crucial. Thank you. I think that might have been Mr

:47:24.:47:29.

Macron on the phone saying he won't be in an ivory tower for the next

:47:30.:47:33.

few years. I'm sure you will chart his presidency with your usual

:47:34.:47:38.

style. Let's go to a friend journalist with and talking to

:47:39.:47:44.

throughout the morning. Marie, in a way, that speech was a

:47:45.:47:51.

-- in a way that was saying French people should have confidence in

:47:52.:48:01.

that self -- in themselves. How important was that? It's important

:48:02.:48:06.

to him to show he understands what the French were feeling and

:48:07.:48:11.

thinking. In this election and beyond that. He says, I know what

:48:12.:48:17.

you feel and what you think is important. Because as he is not a

:48:18.:48:21.

politician, he has an edge that all of the other candidates did not

:48:22.:48:27.

have. Because he has been into the civil society although he was a

:48:28.:48:30.

banker and quite wealthy. He talks to the French people on the

:48:31.:48:34.

standpoint that is very different from all the other presidents. What

:48:35.:48:44.

French people await from him is a new era, basically. The way he

:48:45.:48:51.

spoke, he said two things. One was I understand what you feel and think.

:48:52.:48:55.

I understand that you are pessimistic and I know that

:48:56.:49:01.

criticism is not what France is all about. So I will try to use all the

:49:02.:49:06.

strength that we having fun society to talk about the religious

:49:07.:49:13.

identity, a secular identity. I will try and convey all the forces of

:49:14.:49:18.

France at the moment and show you that France can be a bit more than

:49:19.:49:23.

what you think it is. He says, we are on the edge of a great

:49:24.:49:28.

runners-up. The power font is not -- other great runners-up. The power of

:49:29.:49:33.

France is not declining, it is boosting the French people. That is

:49:34.:49:37.

exactly what the French people want from him. A new man with new ideas,

:49:38.:49:44.

who feels that he has the energy, he is young, he has the energy of

:49:45.:49:50.

taking France out of its slumber, in a way. Obviously he did very well in

:49:51.:49:58.

the election, 65%, 20 million votes as we heard, read out there. To what

:49:59.:50:09.

extent, the people who didn't vote for him, is he regarded with

:50:10.:50:15.

cynicism and scepticism and disliked by those who didn't vote for him and

:50:16.:50:18.

voted for someone like Marine Le Pen? It's a mix of cynicism and

:50:19.:50:28.

disliked. He's seen the Front National and the far left party,

:50:29.:50:33.

describing him as two things. One, as a banker and as in the UK,

:50:34.:50:37.

bankers don't have good French press. It's a bit and relevant --

:50:38.:50:46.

irrelevant but it's sticking to him. And the other is baby Francois

:50:47.:50:51.

Hollande, the sun of boxer-macro who was leaving.

:50:52.:50:54.

He is seen as not new and if he is newcomer he is a banker and that is

:50:55.:51:11.

not good. So he is not being welcomed by everyone. The fact that

:51:12.:51:16.

he wants to change labour laws, and we know that French people are very

:51:17.:51:21.

attached to their social protection, very strong social protection. The

:51:22.:51:24.

fact that he wants to change it in order to make France more open to

:51:25.:51:31.

the world and over the companies who would like to settle in France, and

:51:32.:51:37.

all because it is so, take -- complicated to fire someone. He

:51:38.:51:44.

wants to change that. Although some people might see the positive angle,

:51:45.:51:49.

the difficulty they have to go through doesn't seem worth it.

:51:50.:51:56.

Because there is a prominent anti-globalisation movement during

:51:57.:52:02.

this election. The far right and the far left were basically talking --

:52:03.:52:09.

treading the same path in terms of anti-globalisation. Macron wants to

:52:10.:52:14.

open France to the world, have many companies leaving London because of

:52:15.:52:18.

Brexit, moving to Paris instead. He wants to attract people from London

:52:19.:52:24.

to Paris. That is maybe not well liked in France, big companies

:52:25.:52:27.

aren't well liked by many people. When Francois Hollande arrives, he

:52:28.:52:33.

said my enemy is financed, I don't like wealthy people. Macron is the

:52:34.:52:41.

contrary. He said not to be ashamed of working and making money, that is

:52:42.:52:45.

something that is normal, why shouldn't we aspire to better

:52:46.:52:49.

ourselves? And bettering ourselves means having good salaries. Why is

:52:50.:52:54.

it a problem in France to feel that you can achieve something and have a

:52:55.:53:00.

reward for that? So it is interesting to see how we had, for

:53:01.:53:05.

the last five years, a president who is very much from the socialist and

:53:06.:53:12.

one who was cold a baby Francois Hollande, who is much more in the

:53:13.:53:17.

centre, perhaps on the right-hand side of the political spectrum. It's

:53:18.:53:23.

fascinating watching him now, gladhanding, shaking hands with

:53:24.:53:26.

these politicians and well-wishers, almost all of them older than him.

:53:27.:53:32.

He is maybe not baby Francois Hollande but 39 years of age, he is

:53:33.:53:36.

strikingly young to be a president? I suppose before might make

:53:37.:53:45.

comparisons with JFK or Obama, the use coming into presidency. What is

:53:46.:53:52.

that like for France's image around the world? It is significant. 39,

:53:53.:53:57.

not even 40. That would at least have been some symbolic threshold.

:53:58.:54:02.

You will be 40 in the summer. That is important I think. One Tour de

:54:03.:54:06.

France people, they said we have a young president Ahmad is important.

:54:07.:54:13.

-- when I talked to French people. The people that tried to make a

:54:14.:54:18.

living in France are constructing and building. That is important, he

:54:19.:54:23.

is young, he has the demeanour of someone who is 39. That is important

:54:24.:54:26.

money have 60 or 70 and have demeanour. -- imported when you are

:54:27.:54:35.

60 or 70. He is from the generation that is open to the world. He is

:54:36.:54:42.

European, open-minded, as a 39-year-old can be. That is quite

:54:43.:54:48.

important. As you say, you can see him shaking hands and you can also

:54:49.:54:55.

see a few people with their mobile phones taking pictures. I haven't

:54:56.:55:03.

seen anyone try to take herself yet. -- try to take a selfie yet. I don't

:55:04.:55:09.

think that happened with Francois Hollande. But the complexion of this

:55:10.:55:21.

energy, with all the politicians, many decided not to stand for real

:55:22.:55:24.

action for this legislative election. They said they want to

:55:25.:55:30.

leave a place for the new generation. Is it a way to go down

:55:31.:55:35.

with style, thinking I won't be elected so I might as well give up

:55:36.:55:41.

and say it's for the good of the new generation? Maybe. But that some

:55:42.:55:43.

feel wouldn't have happened if it wasn't for Emmanuel Macron. If it

:55:44.:55:50.

wasn't the old elephants, old dogs, saying I won't stand for election

:55:51.:55:54.

because I think that there is a new blood needed in France. It's not

:55:55.:56:00.

just the president to his young, and who started a movement towards the

:56:01.:56:15.

youngification, I'm not sure if that is an English word. He has chosen

:56:16.:56:21.

younger candidates, that is quite normal. He has forced the other

:56:22.:56:27.

parties to do exactly the same. There is already a few lines moving

:56:28.:56:31.

in the French republic. We can see his wife, Brigitte Trogneux, who is

:56:32.:56:39.

the subject of fascination because she is older than him, his drama

:56:40.:56:42.

teacher at school which is where he met her. She is wearing a blue

:56:43.:56:50.

designer suit. How important is she to him as he starts off as? He is

:56:51.:57:01.

attached to his wife, he wanted to show that and that he valued her

:57:02.:57:08.

input, and her reflection. That is completely new. Think about the

:57:09.:57:14.

wives of the former president such as Bernadette Chirac, Jacques Chirac

:57:15.:57:18.

cold her mummy. That doesn't sound like a very healthy relationship,

:57:19.:57:29.

and away. And she was by his side, but you understood that she was the

:57:30.:57:35.

man who wanted them enter the Elysee Palace. She wanted to be a

:57:36.:57:41.

politician herself but because of her man, she couldn't go too far

:57:42.:57:46.

after he left office in the started again to build a local career. But

:57:47.:57:50.

she was presented to do anything because of the man who she was with.

:57:51.:57:57.

There is a difference between Emmanuel Macron and Brigitte

:57:58.:57:59.

Trogneux. He is the young one, she already had a career in the

:58:00.:58:05.

Professor -- as -- a career as a professor. She has

:58:06.:58:19.

the edge on him, many people thinks she was the one that pushed him that

:58:20.:58:37.

-- to be a candidate. He said -- she said, think about how religion five

:58:38.:58:45.

years she is older, -- how we look in five years' time, she is older,

:58:46.:58:49.

now is the time for Emmanuel Macron to win because in five years' time I

:58:50.:58:53.

will be too old for that. That is one way to look at it. The other is

:58:54.:58:59.

that she has people saying she has created him.

:59:00.:59:05.

That as a way of seeing things critically. I'm not sure if that is

:59:06.:59:12.

a reality. I was an interesting documentary broadcast on Monday,

:59:13.:59:25.

when one of the -- you can see bits and pieces of their relationship, at

:59:26.:59:30.

the end of the debate against Marine Le Pen, he came out of the cooling

:59:31.:59:34.

debate asking people around him, could you please find me some

:59:35.:59:39.

chocolate? -- gruelling debate. She said no, don't eat junk food. And he

:59:40.:59:46.

said, I have water them. She is grounding him, and that is the ways

:59:47.:59:52.

he wants her to be perceived. Thank you so much Marie, a French

:59:53.:59:54.

journalist who has been watching this inauguration and the new

:59:55.:00:02.

president of France there, Emmanuel Macron, with invited guests there in

:00:03.:00:06.

the Elysee Palace, and politicians kissing, shaking hands, gladhanding

:00:07.:00:13.

and in his speech he said France is doubted himself and wants to give

:00:14.:00:20.

the French people confidence in themselves and his is the power of

:00:21.:00:24.

France is not declining. We are on the edge of a great Renaissance. So

:00:25.:00:32.

France has a new president. He is 39-year-old Emmanuel Macron. You are

:00:33.:00:47.

watching BBC News. So, big smiles as the pressing of the flesh and the

:00:48.:00:50.

kissing of the cheeks continues there in the Elysee and there seem

:00:51.:00:55.

to be hundreds of people there who wants just a couple of seconds with

:00:56.:00:59.

the new president of the fifth Republic. Our correspondent has been

:01:00.:01:05.

following it for us. She is close to the Elysee Palace. We are just

:01:06.:01:14.

outside because we are among the motorcades that are waiting to take

:01:15.:01:19.

the politicians and senior figures in French society away once this

:01:20.:01:25.

meeting with Emmanuel Macron is over, he will go into a lunch with

:01:26.:01:30.

family and, interestingly, it is very... It stand out how there is

:01:31.:01:37.

Emmanuel Macron shaking the hands of many figures prominent in French

:01:38.:01:45.

politics, senior inexperience to him but he at 39 years old is the man

:01:46.:01:49.

charged in a system that is not used about. It is used to having battle

:01:50.:01:54.

scars, the experience behind you to get into this position, you would

:01:55.:01:57.

hear the same coming up time and time again. And then suddenly, out

:01:58.:02:04.

of the blue, Emmanuel Macron is appointed economy minister under

:02:05.:02:11.

Francois Hollande, and on May 14, 2017, he is president of France.

:02:12.:02:18.

Still with me as the crowds are getting bigger outside the Elysee,

:02:19.:02:23.

is a French commentator. One particular figure that boxer-macro

:02:24.:02:26.

encounter delay, the president of the Constitutional Council, a very

:02:27.:02:31.

senior politician. You were struck by what he said to him?

:02:32.:02:37.

Traditionally, the president of the council is supposed to read out the

:02:38.:02:42.

official without of the presidential election. And pop following that,

:02:43.:02:46.

the presidency of the President-elect, officially begins.

:02:47.:02:53.

But he did far more than matter. He went on an elaborate and

:02:54.:03:02.

sophisticated speech praising Emmanuel Macron as a man of his

:03:03.:03:07.

time. He is a young politician with the energy and your vitality perform

:03:08.:03:14.

-- to reform France, he said. It has to be highlighted that he was the

:03:15.:03:24.

youngest Prime Minister ever at age 37 in the 1980s. Say he is familiar.

:03:25.:03:29.

He knows what it's like to be one of the juniors imposition of...

:03:30.:03:36.

Absolutely. With one junior being in charge of the country. How

:03:37.:03:42.

unexpected visit to see such familiar and experience bases in

:03:43.:03:46.

French politics, being positive in their approach to Macron, rather

:03:47.:03:50.

than being cynical about his lack of years and experience. That was

:03:51.:04:00.

initially in the incumbent presidents, Emmanuel Macron is the

:04:01.:04:04.

only one who hasn't served as an MP and that also stands out. It was

:04:05.:04:09.

also held against them when he started campaigning, somebody could

:04:10.:04:13.

never put himself up to any kind of election, not even a counsellor or a

:04:14.:04:23.

Meier -- mayor. That was not an advantage to start with. But

:04:24.:04:28.

gradually, he managed to turn this into an asset. As somebody who is

:04:29.:04:32.

not an ideologue and doesn't want any political party, even he served

:04:33.:04:37.

in Francois Larne's government, he was not a member of the Socialist

:04:38.:04:44.

party. He turned this advantage into a formidable assets to challenge the

:04:45.:04:47.

traditional left and right wing at the Terry system systems that have

:04:48.:04:50.

dominated French politics of decades.

:04:51.:04:54.

Thank you very much. Now, we believe that Emmanuel Macron I am being

:04:55.:05:02.

told, is about to exit the Elysee Palace, as he walks with his wife,

:05:03.:05:09.

Brigitte. So many greetings and messages of congratulations,

:05:10.:05:15.

Francois Hollande, the outgoing president, apparently said, by way

:05:16.:05:27.

of a good buy "bon Courage!" As he left the lazy palace for the last as

:05:28.:05:33.

president. -- as he left the Ely is a palace. -- Elysee Palace.

:05:34.:05:42.

After the inauguration, Emmanuel Macron briefly kissed her hand.

:05:43.:05:49.

After that inauguration we have a 21 gun salute ringing out from the

:05:50.:05:55.

military hospital on the other side of the River Seine. Then the new

:05:56.:06:02.

president will be driven to the Arc de Triomphe where he will lay a

:06:03.:06:07.

wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. Emmanuel Macron, in his

:06:08.:06:18.

speech, at the inauguration said that everyone was wondering whether

:06:19.:06:23.

France would look back in this presidential election, all look to

:06:24.:06:28.

the future. He said that France had chosen the future and not the past.

:06:29.:06:32.

And that the world, and Europe, now more than ever needs a strong France

:06:33.:06:37.

that is sure of its own destiny. And if France but he said no -- knows

:06:38.:06:44.

how to invent the future. He spoke of the achievements of the previous

:06:45.:06:48.

presidents of the fifth Republic. Charles de Gaulle, Francois

:06:49.:06:58.

Hollande... He knows the challenges that he now faces because he wants

:06:59.:07:05.

to modernise France, as he said, for decades now, France has doubted

:07:06.:07:09.

itself. He said his job was to give the French people confidence in

:07:10.:07:16.

themselves. He said the power of France is not declining. We are on

:07:17.:07:21.

the edge of a great Renaissance, he said. A lot of fine words, of

:07:22.:07:29.

course. As you tend to get at inauguration speeches but there is a

:07:30.:07:35.

lot of hard work to do and he knows starting off with the National

:07:36.:07:37.

Assembly parliamentary elections, he needs to get a majority there. To

:07:38.:07:45.

help him effectively rule France. A tall order with his new movement, En

:07:46.:07:52.

Marche, he only created a year or so ago, scrambling to get candidates

:07:53.:07:55.

for the National Assembly elections. That is one of his jobs, he needs to

:07:56.:08:00.

form a government. We are hearing that he will appoint a Prime

:08:01.:08:04.

Minister probably tomorrow, and a new government on Tuesday. He is off

:08:05.:08:12.

to see Chancellor tee of Germany shortly as well, because he is, as

:08:13.:08:16.

we have been hearing, a very committed pro-European, who not only

:08:17.:08:21.

wants to make France stronger, but very much wants to make Europe

:08:22.:08:34.

stronger as well. There is huge security, as you would expect,

:08:35.:08:39.

surrounding this event. Some 1500 police officers, we are hearing,

:08:40.:08:42.

have been deployed around the Elysee Palace. Let's go back over to our

:08:43.:08:51.

French journalist who has been analysing what all of this means...

:08:52.:08:56.

A wonderful spectacle here at the Elysee Palace, will the new

:08:57.:09:00.

president be comfortable in his surroundings? He said that he wants

:09:01.:09:08.

to live in the Elysee Palace. That is quite unusual. Historically, the

:09:09.:09:13.

president of the Republic and before, they haven't really been at

:09:14.:09:20.

ease in this old palace. I think it was first used by Napoleon III and

:09:21.:09:24.

then the president of the Republic, many of them did not like them, at

:09:25.:09:28.

the start of the 19th century there was not a kitchen for the president,

:09:29.:09:34.

they had to take a meal from outside. The president of the fifth

:09:35.:09:38.

Republic, most of them kept their private apartment in Paris, and

:09:39.:09:44.

tried to basically make the Elysee Palace their offices, it's not easy

:09:45.:09:52.

most of the time. They had to live with it at the Elysee Palace most of

:09:53.:09:56.

the time. Francois Hollande, you will remember, said "I will be a

:09:57.:10:02.

normal president, normal people do not live in a palace". That is quite

:10:03.:10:10.

true, but when he basically separated from his partner, she kept

:10:11.:10:15.

the apartment so he had to live in the palace. Now, Emmanuel Macron has

:10:16.:10:20.

already said that he intends to live in the Elysee Palace. Although he's

:10:21.:10:26.

got an apartment in Paris, he also has a nice fellow elsewhere. We will

:10:27.:10:29.

see if he goes there at the weekend or not. -- a nice villa. Emmanuel

:10:30.:10:38.

Macron will have to do some restorations and restoring of the

:10:39.:10:43.

palace, redecoration is, there are a lot of rooms and corridors, it is

:10:44.:10:48.

not very practical or up-to-date. Although it is very grandiose and

:10:49.:10:55.

beautiful, and it is a palace, for a president, it is a bit of a paradox.

:10:56.:11:04.

It isn't very cosy, not as cosy as it looks. We will see how Brigitte

:11:05.:11:10.

Macron settles, the wife of the president is important as to how

:11:11.:11:15.

they live in the palace. Jacques Chirac's wife loved the Elysee

:11:16.:11:20.

Palace. It was not a popular opinion but she loved it. The couple are

:11:21.:11:25.

seen as the ones who were most at ease at living at the Elysee Palace.

:11:26.:11:30.

If Brigitte Macron makes the Elysee Palace her home, that is where

:11:31.:11:37.

Emmanuel Macron is going to be! We know that she is very influential on

:11:38.:11:43.

him. If she decides that is her home, that is where they will be. It

:11:44.:11:48.

is funny, we saw Francois Hollande give a talk to people of the Elysee

:11:49.:11:53.

Palace. There were some pictures, and there was a little salon. When a

:11:54.:12:01.

president of another Republic in 1985 came forward, he was apparently

:12:02.:12:04.

having a dalliance with his mistress. He died half naked in the

:12:05.:12:11.

Elysee Palace. It is a palace for the history and stories. -- full of

:12:12.:12:18.

history and stories. The president is keen on French history and he may

:12:19.:12:28.

find something a bit of interest in this historically charged palace.

:12:29.:12:35.

Not a bad place to live! Not at all! I think we are going to hear the

:12:36.:12:42.

band strike up. Peter full scenes inside of the Elysee Palace there.

:12:43.:12:48.

-- beautiful scenes. Wonderful splendour, and a great deal of pomp

:12:49.:12:52.

and ceremony for this inauguration which is nearly complete. The

:12:53.:12:58.

election results were read out a few minutes ago by Laurent Fabius, that

:12:59.:13:06.

was the moment, as he is chairman of the Constitutional Council, and a

:13:07.:13:09.

former Prime Minister. When he read out the results of the election

:13:10.:13:14.

where Emmanuel Macron beat the far right leader Marine Le Pen, that was

:13:15.:13:18.

the moment Emmanuel Macron assumed presidency at the age of 39. A few

:13:19.:13:23.

minutes earlier he had a meeting with the outgoing president Francois

:13:24.:13:29.

Hollande, and there he is. The new French president. He has been given

:13:30.:13:38.

the nuclear codes, we are told. He is now the French president, walking

:13:39.:13:43.

out of the Elysee Palace, taking salutes and walking along the red

:13:44.:13:44.

carpet. BAND PLAYS STUDIO: So, the new President of

:13:45.:15:20.

France... Reviewing the troops outside of the Elysee Palace in the

:15:21.:15:24.

sunshine now. Earlier it was raining. It was a rather miserable

:15:25.:15:30.

day. While that inauguration ceremony has been taking place

:15:31.:15:37.

inside of the Elysee, the sun is out and the sky is blue. Perhaps

:15:38.:15:41.

symbolic of the new presidency, who knows? The guns have now been fired

:15:42.:15:51.

outside with the Eiffel Tower in the background. Really, it is an

:15:52.:16:05.

extraordinary political story, the former investment banker and a

:16:06.:16:11.

former minister in Francois Hollande's government who some say

:16:12.:16:17.

is a protege of Francois Hollande, has really had a remarkable rise to

:16:18.:16:21.

power. Defeating Marine Le Pen in the election, 65% and 20 million

:16:22.:16:31.

votes. A decisive and overwhelming victory which, he said, was France

:16:32.:16:35.

looking to the future and not the past. No doubt that there are huge

:16:36.:16:51.

challenges that he now faces. SPEAKS FRENCH.

:16:52.:17:07.

So, in the background you can hear guns being fired, a 21 gun salute

:17:08.:17:23.

ringing out. And then after this, the new president will be driven to

:17:24.:17:27.

the Arc de Triomphe, where he will lay a wreath at the tomb of the

:17:28.:17:33.

unknown soldier. A lot of challenges, as I was saying, some

:17:34.:17:42.

daunting. High unemployment. Terrorism, of course, which has

:17:43.:17:45.

scarred France over the last couple of years. And caused such a loss of

:17:46.:17:52.

life. And, not least, trying to unite a country that the election

:17:53.:17:59.

showed is deeply divided. And trying to win over, I suppose, all of those

:18:00.:18:03.

who did not vote for him, who voted for Marine Le Pen or abstained,

:18:04.:18:09.

trying to get them behind him as part of his drive, what he called

:18:10.:18:14.

the renaissance of France. That is what he wants to do, to modernise

:18:15.:18:18.

France. To give it back confidence, he said. But he has stepped back

:18:19.:18:24.

into the Elysee Palace now. With his wife, Brigitte. It is a momentous

:18:25.:18:34.

day for France. A day of huge symbolism. The kind of ceremony that

:18:35.:18:44.

they love in France, as much as we do here in Britain. Because of

:18:45.:18:49.

course he is head of state of the fifth Republic. As well as the

:18:50.:18:52.

nation's political leader. Emmanuel Macron becomes France's

:18:53.:19:08.

youngest post-war leader, and the first to be born after 1958, when

:19:09.:19:13.

President Charles de Gaulle put in place the fifth Republic.

:19:14.:19:17.

Our correspondent Karin Giannone is in Paris...

:19:18.:19:21.

Not far from the leaves a palace, where this spectacle is unfolding?

:19:22.:19:31.

-- Elysee Palace. We can hear a 21 gun salute rumbling, shaking the

:19:32.:19:37.

buildings here by the Elysee Palace. I am pleased to say that we are

:19:38.:19:42.

joined by the Telegraph economist and Elizabeth Muto, you were here as

:19:43.:19:51.

a junior reporter covering the inauguration in 1981? Yes, I

:19:52.:19:54.

followed that campaign, almost my first job. An extraordinary scene as

:19:55.:20:03.

he brought in historic figures, the photographer who took the pictures,

:20:04.:20:11.

and all sorts of people who had never seen a left-wing government

:20:12.:20:15.

for 23 years. It was impressive and very moving. He took it in his

:20:16.:20:20.

stride. Looking at the pictures, does anything change about the

:20:21.:20:25.

ceremony itself? The route to this presidency has been so

:20:26.:20:28.

unconventional and yet we have the full patriotically but of France

:20:29.:20:34.

right there? First of all, it doesn't change. The media invite

:20:35.:20:38.

more people at the inauguration for the Elysee Palace there run does now

:20:39.:20:44.

he has 400 people, that is very few. But apart from that, because he is

:20:45.:20:49.

young, he is conscious of the fact he has this celebrity. At the

:20:50.:20:56.

Louvre, he crossed on the night of his victory, all alone wearing an

:20:57.:21:03.

old-fashioned three quarters coat. He was copying the very staged way

:21:04.:21:10.

of the inauguration of the previous president. I am very young but I can

:21:11.:21:18.

do this. I understand how solemn the occasion is, and it was a rebuke to

:21:19.:21:22.

Francois Hollande, who never felt that there was a need for pomp and

:21:23.:21:29.

anything like it. He's the first president to be born since the

:21:30.:21:36.

beginning of the fifth Republic? Yes, I am counting back, he was a

:21:37.:21:45.

young president, born much earlier. He has never known anything else. If

:21:46.:21:53.

you go through the French press, all of this celebration and solemnity of

:21:54.:21:58.

the moment, the power of the presidency and thoughts have

:21:59.:22:01.

returned immediately. There hasn't been a breath before they are

:22:02.:22:05.

turning to his challenges. No pause on reflection or celebration

:22:06.:22:12.

personally. It is straight into worrying about legislative elections

:22:13.:22:18.

on June the 11th? It is key, can he govern or does he need straight off

:22:19.:22:26.

the bat? We have a Prime Minister with a political opponent, which

:22:27.:22:29.

would hamstring him every minute. Right now, he is... Last week,

:22:30.:22:36.

actually, he has been arguing and negotiating with various parties to

:22:37.:22:39.

bring over from the right and the left more moderates of each party.

:22:40.:22:44.

He has been demanding of them that they should leave the party

:22:45.:22:51.

partisanship, and give back their party cards and become members of

:22:52.:22:53.

one Marsh, -- En Marche. He has 229 MPs,

:22:54.:23:09.

the largest group but not the majority. Now, the right can change

:23:10.:23:15.

in the next five weeks, that is counted at 160. We are talking about

:23:16.:23:24.

the Republicans. They could have anywhere between 20 and 40. The left

:23:25.:23:32.

would be shattered, because many socialists are within En Marche and

:23:33.:23:39.

the Socialist party machine, and if he does not control what is going on

:23:40.:23:44.

with the elections, he cannot rule. And briefly, there is a big military

:23:45.:23:49.

component to this event. It reminds us that the president is in charge

:23:50.:23:55.

of the army and Armed Forces. He does not have to bring questions to

:23:56.:23:58.

Parliament or Congress away the American president does. The French

:23:59.:24:03.

like it that way. The French are aware that you need decisive no and

:24:04.:24:10.

it is a country that is perfectly accepted by the left and right. And

:24:11.:24:18.

Elizabeth, thank you. Emmanuel Macron after the inspection of the

:24:19.:24:23.

guard, he is going to go through the gardens of the Elysee Palace and

:24:24.:24:28.

then onto the Champs-Elysees where he will then go to the Arc de

:24:29.:24:36.

Triomphe. Thank you. The ceremonials there at the Elysee Palace. Drawing

:24:37.:24:43.

to a close. France has a new president, Emmanuelle Macron

:24:44.:24:48.

inaugurated as the new president of France at the age of 39 -- Emmanuel

:24:49.:24:51.

Macron. Time now for a look at some of the

:24:52.:24:53.

other main news stories of the day. Most of the health organisations

:24:54.:24:58.

in England and Scotland that

:24:59.:25:01.