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Trump Jerusalem Speech

Live coverage of President Trump's speech recognising Jerusalem as Israel's capital.


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Tonight at 6:

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Warnings of new unrest in the middle

east after President Trump pledges

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a radical change in US policy.

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He says he'll recognise Jerusalem

as Israel's capital -

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that's caused anger among

Palestinians and alarmed US allies,

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but Mr Trump says it's time.

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many presidents have said they want

to do something and did not.

It has

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drawn huge criticism around the

world.

Fury amongst Palestinians.

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The US is delivering a lethal bullet

to the heart of the two state

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solution.

This is the scene at the

White House. The announcement will

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come in the next few minutes. We

will have all reaction from around

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the world on the key decision.

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Hello and welcome to viewers in the

UK joining us for this special

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coverage as we wait for Donald Trump

to make the announcement to break

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with decades of US policy by

recognising Jerusalem as the capital

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of Israel. He is due to speak about

the highly controversial decision in

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the next few minutes. He is also

expected to approve plans to move US

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presidency -- Embassy to Jerusalem.

The plans have sparked protest from

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global capitals and warnings that

the move will destroy any hope of

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progress on peace. Live now to the

White House. It is all set up, the

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podium is there, the journalists are

there to hear that key announcement

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from the president. He said it was a

big decision just a few minutes ago.

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So we can go to that just a while

ago, speaking at a meeting of his

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cabinet. Saying the decision was

long overdue.

We have a big

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announcement coming up at one

o'clock, perhaps a couple of you

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will be there. It is a big

announcement concerning Israel and

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the Palestinians and the Middle East

and I think it is long overdue. Many

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presidents have said they want to do

something and did not do it, whether

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through courage or they changed

their mind, I cannot tell you that

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many people have said we have to do

something and did not do it. We will

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be talking about that something at

one o'clock. I look forward to

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seeing you there.

Well let's go to

Washington now and speak to Anthony

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Zucker, fascinating listening to

that, suggesting that previous

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presidents were not brave enough to

make this move.

Exactly, pretty

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remarkable as a statement,

positioning himself as being the

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bold actor once again. He ran on

this mentioned it multiple times on

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the campaign trail. The idea of

recognising Jerusalem as the capital

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and moving the embassy there.

Especially welcomed by

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conservatives, evangelical

conservatives who see a unified

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Jewish state with Jerusalem as the

capital as the fulfilment of

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biblical prophecies. Also

Conservative members who want to

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strengthen US ties to Israel, this

is seen as an important step. So

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Donald Trump, obviously he faces

criticism from abroad but there is a

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large portion of his own party who

welcome the development.

The

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question is being asked though, you

mentioned the campaign trail but why

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now?

I think many people suspected

or thought that he might make the

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move even earlier. There is a statue

-- a statute requiring the president

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to make a decision every six months

on relocating the embassy. Why

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particularly now at this time, you

could speculate there is a lot of

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possibly bad news going on for

Donald Trump and this could be a way

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to change the discussion. As for why

now, you need to look at the

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politics and say maybe he just

decides that this is fulfilling a

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campaign promise and this is his

chance to do it.

And we have already

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had confirmation from so many

capitals around the world, the

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Reuters news agency saying that the

US State Department in a cable to US

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diplomatic post have asked officials

to declare non-essential travel to

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Israel until December 20.

This is a

recognition it seems that there

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could be unrest sparked by this

decision. The promise of three days

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of rage, demonstrations in the

Palestinian territories. Obviously

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the State Department taking that

seriously. The White House, the

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airline is that this move is a

reflection of the reality that

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Jerusalem is already the capital of

Israel. -- there line. And this is

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long overdue but also acknowledging

it is controversial and could be

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repercussions.

I'm just being told

we are just about two minutes away

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and you can get a sense of that

looking at these pictures. Just the

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last few staff getting in their

positions, the journalists in place.

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Just a few seconds away from the US

president coming into the room. And

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he will break with 70 years of

foreign policy and recognised

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Jerusalem as the capital of Israel

there has been condemnation from

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regional leaders, also condemnation

from the US, from France in the UK,

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from China. And our international

correspondent is here watching these

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pictures with me. Briefly, your

thoughts before we hear this major

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announcement?

There's no way to

underestimate the powerful symbolism

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of what we understand President

Trump is about to announce. Not just

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about a city or a land but a deeply

emotional issue. An issue that

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touches on three religions who

regard Jerusalem as the holy site,

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as sacred. It goes to the heart of

one of the most contentious and

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emotional issues in the peace

process. And it is an issue that

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will not go unnoticed and there will

be a response.

I'm just waiting now

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from Reuters, President Trump said

the US remained deeply committed to

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helping facilitate a peace agreement

but many commentators saying that

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this move will make that so much

more difficult if not torpedo the

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whole thing.

President Trump, you

heard his comments before the

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programme began saying that other

presidents had maybe changed their

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mind or were not brave enough, but

he is the man who wants to do the

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deal.

Thank you. When I came into office I

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promised to look at the challenges

of the world with open eyes and very

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fresh thinking. We cannot solve our

problems by making the same failed

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assumptions and repeating the same

failed strategies of the past. All

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challenges demand new approaches. My

announcement today marks the

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beginning of a new approach to

conflict between Israel... To

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relocate the American Embassy to

Jerusalem and to recognise that that

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city and so importantly, is Israel's

capital. This act passed Congress by

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an overwhelming bipartisan majority.

And was reaffirmed by unanimous vote

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of the Senate only six months ago.

Yet for over 20 years every previous

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American president has exercised the

waiver, refusing to move the US

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Embassy to Jerusalem or to recognise

Jerusalem as Israel's capital city.

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Presidents issued these waivers

under the belief that delaying the

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recognition of Jerusalem would

advance the cause of peace. Some say

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that they lacked courage, but they

made their best judgment based on

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facts as they understood them at the

time. Nevertheless the record is in.

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After more than two decades of

waivers, we are no closer to a

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lasting peace agreement between

Israel and the Palestinians. It

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would be folly to assume that

repeating the exact same formula

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would now produce a different or

better results. Therefore I'm

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determined that it is time to

officially recognise Jerusalem as

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the capital of Israel. While

previous presidents have made this a

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major campaign promise, they have

failed to deliver. Today I am

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delivering. I have judged this

course of action to be in the best

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interests of the United States of

America. And the pursuit of peace

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between Israel and the Palestinians.

This is a long overdue step to

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advance the peace process and to

work towards a lasting agreement.

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Israel is a sovereign nation with

the right like every other sovereign

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nation to determine its own capital.

Acknowledging this is a fact, is a

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necessary condition for achieving

peace. It was 70 years ago that the

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United States under President Truman

recognised the state of Israel. Ever

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since then Israel has made its

capital in the city of Jerusalem.

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The capital the Jewish people

established in ancient times. Today

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Jerusalem is the seat of the modern

Israeli government. It is the home

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of the Israeli parliament. As well

as the Israeli Supreme Court. It is

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the location of the official

residence of the Prime Minister and

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the president. It is the

headquarters of many government

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ministries. For decades visiting

American presidents, secretaries of

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State and military leaders have met

their Israeli counterparts in

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Jerusalem. As I did on my trip to

Israel earlier this year. Jerusalem

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is not just the heart of three great

religions but it is now also the

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heart of one of the most successful

democracies in the world. Over the

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past seven decades the Israeli

people have built a country where

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Jewish people, Muslims and

Christians and people of all faiths

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are free to live and worship

according to their conscience and

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according to their beliefs.

Jerusalem is today and must remain a

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place where Jewish people pray at

the Western Wall, where Christians

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walk the stations of the Cross and

where Muslims worship at the mosque.

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However through all of these years

presidents of representing the

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United States have declined to

officially recognised Jerusalem as

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the Israeli capital. In fact we have

declined to acknowledge any Israeli

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capital at all. But today we finally

acknowledge that Jerusalem is the

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Israeli capital. This is nothing

more or less than a recognition of

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reality. It is also the right thing

to do. It is something that has to

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be done. That is why consistent with

the Jerusalem Embassy act, I'm also

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directing the State Department to

begin preparation to move the

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American Embassy from Tel Aviv to

Jerusalem. This will immediately

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begin the process of hiring

architects, engineers and planners

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so a new embassy when completed will

be a magnificent tribute to peace.

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In making these announcements I also

want to make one point very clear.

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This decision is not intended in any

way to reflect a departure from our

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strong commitment to facilitate a

lasting peace agreement. We want an

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agreement that is a great deal for

the Israelis and a great deal for

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the Palestinians. We are not taking

a position of any final status

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issues including the specific

boundaries of the Israeli

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sovereignty in Jerusalem by the

resolution of contested borders.

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Those questions are up to the

parties involved. The United States

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remains deeply committed to helping

facilitate a peace agreement that is

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acceptable to both sides. I intend

to do everything in my power to help

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forge such an agreement. Without

question Jerusalem is one of the

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most sensitive issues in those

talks. The United States would

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support a two state solution if

agreed to by both sides. In the

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meantime I call on all parties to

maintain the status quo at the holy

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sites in Jerusalem including the

Temple Mount also known as home run

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archery. Above are -- above all our

greatest hope is for peace. The

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universal yearning in every human

soul. With the actions today I

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reaffirm my administration's

long-standing commitment to future

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of peace and security for region.

There will of course be disagreement

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and dissent. Regarding this

announcement. But we are confident

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that ultimately as we work through

these disagreements, we will arrive

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at a piece and a place far greater

in understanding and cooperation.

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This sacred city should call forth

the best inhumanity, lifting our

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sites to what it is possible, not

pulling us back and down to the old

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fights that have become so totally

predictable. Peace is never beyond

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the grasp of those willing to reach

it. So today we call for calm, for

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moderation and for the voices of

tolerance. To prevail over the

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purveyors of hate. Our children

should inherit our love and not our

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conflicts. I repeat, the message I

deliver at the historic and

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extraordinary summit in Saudi Arabia

earlier this year, the Middle East

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is a region rich with culture,

spirit and history. Its people are

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brilliant, proud and diverse.

Vibrant and strong. But the

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incredible future awaiting this

region is held at bay by bloodshed,

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ignorance and terror. Vice President

pens will travel to the region in

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the coming days to reaffirm our

commitment to work with partners

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throughout the Middle East to defeat

radical -- radicalism that threatens

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the hopes and dreams of future

generations. It is time for the many

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who desire peace to expel the

extremists from their midst. It is

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time for all civilised nations and

people to respond to disagreement

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with reasoned debate and not

violence. And it is time for young

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and moderate voices all across the

Middle East to claim for themselves

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are bright and beautiful future. So

today let us rededicate ourselves to

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a path of mutual understanding and

respect. Let us rethink old

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assumptions and open our hearts and

minds to possible and possibilities

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and finally I asked the leaders of

the region, political and religious,

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Israeli and Palestinian, Jewish and

Christian and Muslim, to join us in

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the Noble quest for a lasting peace.

Thank you. God bless you, God bless

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Israel, God bless the Palestinians

and God bless the United States.

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Thank you very much.

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Well there it is. President Trump

making that announcement saying it

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is time to officially recognised

Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

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He went on to say this is a long

overdue step to advance the peace

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process. He talked about at the

start about not making the same

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failed approaches, using the same

failed formulas. That was his

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justification for this abrupt

change, this dramatic change in US

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foreign policy. He then went on in

the second half of that statement to

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underline as he said at his

commitment to pushing forward and

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advancing the peace process. He said

I remain deeply committed to helping

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facilitate a peace agreement

acceptable both to the Australians

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and the Palestinians. So there he

goes, that of comeback to our

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international correspondent.

Your

headline thoughts? He said was a

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recognition of reality and in some

ways that is correct. The Israelis

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operate their business from

Jerusalem, the Prime Minister and

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president live there, the Israeli

parliament. But everyone will focus

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on the language and it will be

looked at differently from the

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Israeli and Palestinian side. When

Russia recognised Jerusalem as the

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capital earlier this year they said

West Jerusalem, not Jerusalem as a

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whole. President Trump talked about

Jerusalem, the capital city but did

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not use the Israeli words which is

eternal, undivided. The Palestinians

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will seize a pub in that, the

recognition that some parts of

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Jerusalem could be theirs in the

capital and President Trump careful

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to say this does not presuppose any

discussions in the final status

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talks about the boundaries of

Jerusalem. He did not even hint

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however that the Palestinians wanted

East Jerusalem as the capital and

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when he came to that mantra at the

two state solution, he did not say

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that I believe in the two state

solution, he said the two state

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solution if both sides agree to it.

So he stepped back from that. So for

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some Israelis he may not have said

enough but for Palestinians and

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Arabs he certainly said nothing that

would satisfy them. There was

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nothing sweetened in for them aside

to his commitment to a process but

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that will not be enough, that appeal

for calm. There was nothing in his

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language that will bring about that

calm.

And in the build-up to this

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announcement we have seen

condemnation from so many different

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places in the world, as you go

through it and you have been looking

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at all of it to the day, which were

the most significant voices that

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stood out for you.

All the voices,

what will matter most is what is

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happening on the ground. We will

hear from Mahmoud Abbas but we know

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I think what he will say, he will

see it as a challenge to him, to his

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leadership. Never mind that this is

a history of failed is making but he

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knows there will be anger on the

streets and in some ways he must

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respond to that. We heard from Hamas

in the Gaza Strip, calling for a day

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of rage and Friday and all Arab

leaders have always tried to be

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standard-bearers for the Palestinian

cause, the Palestinians will say

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they've never done enough to help.

But today they are all standing up

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and that includes Arabs, Turkish and

Iranian leaders and of course

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European leaders as well. In saying

that this is something that will

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damage the peace process. We will

have a different view from the

0:22:260:22:31

Israelis, President Trump is right,

all the way from President Clinton

0:22:310:22:37

on, they're not help the peace

process. So in some senses he is

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correct that there needs to be new

thinking but this new thinking may

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not be the right one.

Thank you very

much for that. Now we are going to

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hear from the Palestinian president,

he said that he would make a

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televised address after being from

Donald Trump and we will play that

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to you when we get it. More from

Ramada Inn just a moment but first

0:23:010:23:12

we go to Jerusalem. Your reaction to

what we've just heard from the

0:23:120:23:18

American president?

This is a great

day for the state of Israel and the

0:23:180:23:24

region as a whole. It has been so

long that this unnatural idea of

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carving of Jerusalem, which is the

eternal capital and the Jewish

0:23:290:23:34

eternal capital, would somehow bring

peace upon us. And President Trump

0:23:340:23:41

is right, by putting that aside, by

understanding and solidifying the

0:23:410:23:45

fact that Jerusalem is and will

always be the Israeli capital, now

0:23:450:23:50

we can proceed towards peace.

The

tidal wave of criticism we already

0:23:500:23:55

had today for the Palestinians, from

regional leaders, the EU, UK, the

0:23:550:24:00

Pope, does that not bother you?

Of

course it bothers us. But I would

0:24:000:24:05

expect leaders of the free nations

in the world, Germany, France, the

0:24:050:24:12

UK, to follow the United States and

recognise our capital. We recognise

0:24:120:24:16

brilliant as the capital of Germany

and Paris as the French capital, we

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would expect they recognise our

capital that has incidentally been

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that way for 3020 years now. So not

as if we are inventing a new

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situation, it has always been our

capital long before London was even

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in existence. We think that is the

natural way that the leaders should

0:24:340:24:40

go.

And do you think this move

brings peace poster or move that

0:24:400:24:45

further away?

In the short term

there might be some friction but in

0:24:450:24:50

the long term this definitely will

bring peace closer because never

0:24:500:24:54

could peace be predicated on

dividing Jerusalem, never will there

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be peace with a wall in the middle

of Jerusalem and you cannot profit

0:25:000:25:02

up. In the long run this will

advance peace and the prose is that

0:25:020:25:07

for so many years dividing

Jerusalem, that never brought peace.

0:25:070:25:14

Your settlements in East Jerusalem

are seen internationally as illegal

0:25:140:25:17

under international law, does this

in any way in your opinion

0:25:170:25:22

legitimised these settlements?

We do

not have settlements in East

0:25:220:25:25

Jerusalem, we have Jewish

communities living in our capital.

0:25:250:25:30

The death we are legitimate

regardless of what the international

0:25:300:25:34

community thinks because I said we

live there and we our own language,

0:25:340:25:39

in our own homeland. But we think it

is high time capital around the

0:25:390:25:48

world accept Jerusalem as our

capital.

Do you still believe in a

0:25:480:25:52

two state solution?

We have to be

creative. President Trump talked

0:25:520:25:59

about new ideas, I have a new idea

of building peace bottom-up through

0:25:590:26:05

the economy, through trade. There

are already a two state situation,

0:26:050:26:10

in Gaza, and it is a failed state.

The notion of creating a second

0:26:100:26:16

Palestinian state I do not think

will work and we must think

0:26:160:26:19

creatively how Palestinians can

govern themselves. We do not want to

0:26:190:26:23

govern but by not creating another

100 years misery.

And we have some

0:26:230:26:28

new fresh ideas there. Thank you for

your time. And let me tell you that

0:26:280:26:35

the Israeli Prime Minister has

described that announcement from

0:26:350:26:37

Donald Trump as an historic

landmark. Let's speak to the

0:26:370:26:41

Palestinian politician who is a

member of the PLO executive

0:26:410:26:46

committee. Thank you so much for

being here on the programme. Your

0:26:460:26:51

reaction to this news?

I think this

is disastrous. It is not well

0:26:510:26:59

thought out, it is in direct

contradiction of the most basic

0:26:590:27:03

requirements of peace. It violates

international law. It shows total

0:27:030:27:08

bias in favour of Israel. It shows

an accommodation of illegal

0:27:080:27:13

annexation of Jerusalem and that

accommodation and support for

0:27:130:27:21

occupation and full force and

military violence. And at the same

0:27:210:27:25

time it says we recognise reality

but what is reality. The law should

0:27:250:27:29

be the basis of any recognition,

international law as well as the

0:27:290:27:33

imperatives of peace. What he's

doing is saying we're going to do

0:27:330:27:39

everything to scuttle the chances of

peace, to destroy the chances of

0:27:390:27:42

peace and at the same time we think

this is in the service of peace. In

0:27:420:27:46

this mad rush to show that is

different from other presidents he

0:27:460:27:49

does not stop to think about what

made the peace process fail. What

0:27:490:27:53

made it fail is US biased towards

Israel, Israeli impunity, the US

0:27:530:28:00

cover for Israeli violations and

violence against the Palestinians

0:28:000:28:06

and a disregard for international

law. This is why the peace process

0:28:060:28:10

fail.

Let me ask you another

question. He talks about not

0:28:100:28:16

repeating failed mistakes. In your

view that peace process or moves to

0:28:160:28:23

try to make progress, is that

totally torpedoed now in your mind?

0:28:230:28:28

Yes, I think he's just paying lip

service, he's insulting our

0:28:280:28:34

intelligence is talking about that.

What he is doing is encouraging

0:28:340:28:40

anti-peace elements, encouraging the

most extreme hard-line warmongers in

0:28:400:28:44

Israel. This coalition in Israel is

certainly the most hardline

0:28:440:28:48

government in the history of Israel

and they are systematically

0:28:480:28:52

destroying the chances of peace. He

has cast his lot with them and at

0:28:520:28:57

the same time letting go all the

people who have fought for decades

0:28:570:29:00

to visualise the language of

negotiation, of legality and

0:29:000:29:05

justice. And saying it does not

work. And this also encourages and

0:29:050:29:14

emboldened not just the Israeli

extremists but also extremists on

0:29:140:29:17

the other side of wealth.

Let me ask

you about exactly that because you

0:29:170:29:24

will know there are groups that have

already called for three days of

0:29:240:29:27

rage. As a key Palestinian leader,

what would your Corby, is that a

0:29:270:29:32

call that you support or would you

be urging calm as we heard from

0:29:320:29:36

Donald Trump a few moments ago?

That

is not the issue. He says one thing

0:29:360:29:41

and he does the other. He urges calm

and then promotes everyone yon

0:29:410:29:47

endurance. How dare you urge calm

when you're provoking sentiments and

0:29:470:29:52

turning history into a forgery. The

judge amassing land confiscation and

0:29:520:29:58

transforming Jerusalem into a

forgery. This is a Palestinian city

0:29:580:30:04

and as such belongs to the

Palestinians. The Palestinian

0:30:040:30:07

people. You cannot say I will choose

where I want my capital. I would

0:30:070:30:14

like to conquer England and take

over London and make it my capital,

0:30:140:30:17

but Israel has taken over Jerusalem

by war and annexed it illegally. It

0:30:170:30:25

is a Palestinian city, they do not

have the right or freedom to make

0:30:250:30:28

their capital.

0:30:280:30:32

What can you actually do about it?

In reality?

In reality, what we

0:30:330:30:41

should do is go to the international

community, Israel must be held

0:30:410:30:48

accountable, this impunity has to

stop, this total disregard of

0:30:480:30:51

international justice has to stop,

this American collusion, and I am

0:30:510:30:56

not saying all Americans, there are

many people all over the world to

0:30:560:30:59

understand the requirements of

peace, but obviously this president

0:30:590:31:03

thinks he can make his mark and his

distinctiveness by destroying the

0:31:030:31:07

very chance of peace and subjecting

the whole region to greater

0:31:070:31:10

instability, violence and feeding

extremism and terrorism. This is

0:31:100:31:16

absolutely a responsible position.

A

quick final thought, just a sentence

0:31:160:31:22

two, at the end Trump said parents

would be heading to the region if

0:31:220:31:28

various delegates are sent to try to

move peace -- Donald Trump said Mike

0:31:280:31:32

Pence would be heading to the

region. Those conversations you have

0:31:320:31:36

now?

Mike Pence has been talking

about God's well, not politics, he

0:31:360:31:44

is talking political dogma and

exegesis. My god did not tell me

0:31:440:31:48

what his God told him, I belong to

the oldest Christian tradition in

0:31:480:31:51

the world I do believe the world has

to be unjust to the Palestinians. We

0:31:510:31:57

are the original Christians, we are

the owners of the land, we have been

0:31:570:32:00

here for centuries. How dare they

come here and give me biblical

0:32:000:32:05

treatises and absolutist positions.

If you monster. Politics, legality,

0:32:050:32:11

humanity, morality, he will find

people. If he wants to tell me this

0:32:110:32:14

is ordained, what the Bible told me,

I think he should go pitch in a

0:32:140:32:19

church rather than talk politics.

The issue now is not too was coming

0:32:190:32:23

to visit but what the message is,

what is the policy, what is the

0:32:230:32:27

commitment and so far it is

extremely discouraging, extremely

0:32:270:32:31

disheartening and extremely

dangerous.

We will leave it there.

0:32:310:32:35

Thanks very much for being here. I

want to take you now to New York and

0:32:350:32:41

the UN to show you live pictures

there. As well as a bass who we are

0:32:410:32:47

expecting to hear from, we are also

expecting to hear from the Secretary

0:32:470:32:51

General of the UN. Cameras are all

set up because we are expecting the

0:32:510:32:55

Secretary General to make comments

after listening to what Donald Trump

0:32:550:33:00

had to say. Listening and watching

still with me is Lisa. I will hold

0:33:000:33:07

off there, you can see the Secretary

General mood toward the podium.

0:33:070:33:09

Let's cross over.

0:33:090:33:13

From day one, the Secretary General

of the United Nations, I have

0:33:180:33:24

consistently spoken out against any

Yuta

0:33:240:33:30

Jerusalem is a final status issues.

It must be resolved through direct

0:33:360:33:41

negotiations between the two

parties, on the basis of the

0:33:410:33:44

relevant Security Council and

assembly resolutions. Taking into

0:33:440:33:48

account the legitimate concerns of

both the Palestinian and Israeli

0:33:480:33:52

sides will stop I understand the

deep attachment that Jerusalem holds

0:33:520:33:58

in the hearts of so many people. It

has been the sofa centuries, it will

0:33:580:34:03

always be. -- it has been so for

centuries. I want to make it clear,

0:34:030:34:11

there is no alternative to the two

state solution. There is no plan B.

0:34:110:34:18

It is only by realising the vision

of two states, living side by side

0:34:180:34:24

in peace, security and mutual

recognition, with Jerusalem as the

0:34:240:34:28

capital of Israel and Palestine, and

all final status issues resolved

0:34:280:34:35

permanently, so negotiations that

leaves legitimate aspirations of

0:34:350:34:39

life pupils will achieved. --

legitimate aspirations of both

0:34:390:34:46

peoples. I will do everything in my

power to support the Israeli and

0:34:460:34:51

Palestinian leaders to return to

meaningful negotiations and to

0:34:510:34:54

realise this vision of a lasting

peace for both peoples. Thank you.

0:34:540:35:04

Every statement from the Secretary

General but he could not be any

0:35:040:35:08

clearer, he said Jerusalem is a

final status issues, he said from

0:35:080:35:12

day one when he took office he urged

against unilateral moves, said there

0:35:120:35:15

is no alternative to a two state

solution, no plan B. Listening with

0:35:150:35:23

me here, our correspondent. Respond

to that, first of all. Pretty clear

0:35:230:35:26

and to the point.

And perfectly

timed, just when the world is trying

0:35:260:35:32

to make sense of this historic

announcement by President Trump we

0:35:320:35:35

have the head of the world's most

important for the spelling out for

0:35:350:35:39

us what is the recognised

international position. Jerusalem is

0:35:390:35:47

a final status issue, in other words

it's not up for one country or

0:35:470:35:50

another to make the final decision

about the ownership of Jerusalem.

0:35:500:35:55

Interestingly, he talks to that

sense of attachment, he uses the

0:35:550:35:59

word anxiety. At this moment of

anxiety, underlining again that

0:35:590:36:03

there is no alternative to a two

state solution. Compare that to

0:36:030:36:07

come's words. A two state solution

if both sides agree. We have two

0:36:070:36:14

very different perspectives tonight,

and they matter. Deeply. The last

0:36:140:36:19

two adjectives used, disheartening

and dangerous. You could use those

0:36:190:36:24

same words when he spoke, both sides

feel such a deep attachment to

0:36:240:36:28

Jerusalem.

Did what we hear from the

Secretary General pick straightaway

0:36:280:36:33

what we heard from the president, he

took them at a recognition of

0:36:330:36:39

reality, specific boundaries, the

city would remain status to the

0:36:390:36:43

final status agreement. Don't answer

that because the Israeli Prime

0:36:430:36:46

Minister is just speaking now. Let's

hear what he has to say...

0:36:460:36:51

To touch its golden stones, to walk

its hallowed streets. It is rare to

0:36:510:36:58

be able to speak of new engineering

milestones in the glorious history

0:36:580:37:03

of this city. In today's

pronouncement by President Trump, it

0:37:030:37:07

is such an occasion. We are

profoundly grateful for the

0:37:070:37:11

president for his courageous and

just decision, to recognise

0:37:110:37:15

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel,

and to prepare for the opening of

0:37:150:37:19

the US Embassy here. This decision

reflects the President's commitment

0:37:190:37:25

to an agent but enduring truth. To

fulfilling his promises, and to

0:37:250:37:31

advancing peace. The President's

decision is an important step

0:37:310:37:35

towards peace. For there is no peace

that does not include Jerusalem as

0:37:350:37:40

the capital of the state of Israel.

I call on all countries that seek

0:37:400:37:46

peace to join the United States in

recognising Jerusalem as is real's

0:37:460:37:50

capital, and to move their embassies

here. I share President Trump's

0:37:500:37:56

commitment to advancing peace

between Israel and all our

0:37:560:37:59

neighbours, including the

Palestinians. This has been our goal

0:37:590:38:03

since our first day, and we will

continue to work with the president

0:38:030:38:07

and his team to make that dream of

peace come true. I also want to make

0:38:070:38:13

clear there will be no change

whatsoever to the status quo at the

0:38:130:38:17

holy sites. Israel will always

ensure freedom of worship for dues,

0:38:170:38:22

Christians and Muslims alike.

President Trump, thank you for

0:38:220:38:28

today's historic decision, to

recognise Israel as -- to recognise

0:38:280:38:35

Jerusalem as Israel's capital. The

Jewish state and the Jewish people

0:38:350:38:39

will be forever grateful.

That was Israel's Prime Minister

0:38:390:38:45

describing this as a historic day.

Your thoughts on what the Secretary

0:38:450:38:49

General was saying and what the

Israeli Prime Minister was saying?

0:38:490:38:56

The Secretary General of the United

Nations spoke with a broad

0:38:560:39:00

international community, against the

backdrop of decades of UN

0:39:000:39:02

resolutions, decades of peacemaking,

failed peacemaking that peacemaking

0:39:020:39:08

nonetheless, where Jerusalem is one

of the most, if not the most

0:39:080:39:13

emotional issue in the final status

issues that have to be resolved.

0:39:130:39:18

Prime Minister Netanyahu spoke as

the leader of the state of Israel,

0:39:180:39:22

and expressed his profound gratitude

for himself and from the people of

0:39:220:39:27

Israel. Very grateful, he said.

Those are the two realities tonight.

0:39:270:39:32

But there is more than one side.

He's has to be made between two

0:39:320:39:36

pupils. One side feels very

aggrieved and angry tonight, another

0:39:360:39:41

feels grateful. That's not fertile

terrain to try to move forward.

As a

0:39:410:39:49

backdrop, thank you. Once again,

it's only about half analysis we

0:39:490:39:54

heard from Donald Trump, making the

announcement. Such a stark move from

0:39:540:40:00

traditional US foreign policy. Let's

play again for you, in case you

0:40:000:40:03

missed it earlier, what the

president has just announced at the

0:40:030:40:06

White House.

0:40:060:40:10

In 1995, Congress adopted the

Jerusalem Embassy act. Urging the

0:40:100:40:14

federal government to relocate the

American Embassy to Jerusalem, and

0:40:140:40:20

to recognise that the city, and so

importantly, is Israel's capital.

0:40:200:40:30

This act passed Congress by an

overwhelming bipartisan majority,

0:40:300:40:35

and was reaffirmed by unanimous vote

of the Senate, only six months ago.

0:40:350:40:43

Yet for over 20 years, every

previous American president has

0:40:430:40:51

exercised the laws waver, refusing

to move the US Embassy to Jerusalem,

0:40:510:40:55

or to recognise Jerusalem as

Israel's capital city. Residents

0:40:550:41:03

issued these waivers under the

belief that delaying the recognition

0:41:030:41:08

of Jerusalem would advance the cause

of peace. Some say they lacked

0:41:080:41:14

courage, but they made their best

judgment. Based on facts, as they

0:41:140:41:19

understood them at the time.

Nevertheless, the record is in.

0:41:190:41:25

After more than two decades of

waivers, we are now closer to a

0:41:250:41:30

lasting peace agreement between

Israel and the Palestinians. It

0:41:300:41:34

would be folly to assume that

repeating the exact same formula

0:41:340:41:39

would now produce a different for

better result. Therefore, I have

0:41:390:41:46

determined that it is time to

officially recognise Jerusalem as

0:41:460:41:53

the capital of Israel. While

previous presidents have made this a

0:41:530:42:00

major campaign promise, they failed

to deliver. Today, I am delivering.

0:42:000:42:09

I have judged this course of action

to be in the best interests of the

0:42:090:42:14

United States of America, and the

pursuit of peace between Israel and

0:42:140:42:19

the Palestinians. This is a long

overdue step to advance the peace

0:42:190:42:26

process and to work towards a

lasting agreement.

That was the US

0:42:260:42:34

president in the last half an hour.

More reaction, and Emmanuel Macron

0:42:340:42:38

has said this decision is

regrettable, and France does not

0:42:380:42:42

approve of and goes against

international law, and all the

0:42:420:42:45

resolutions of UN security council.

He has just said that to reporters

0:42:450:42:49

in Paris. Turkey's Foreign Minister

has described the move from the

0:42:490:42:55

American president as irresponsible.

Let's go to the White House and

0:42:550:42:58

Barbara Platt usher who was there

for us. Listening there to the

0:42:580:43:02

president described why he is making

this move, what is in it for Donald

0:43:020:43:05

Trump?

Well, I think the key line of

that speech was previous presidents

0:43:050:43:13

failed to deliver on campaign

promises, I am delivering. I think

0:43:130:43:16

that is what this is all about, he

had promised during his campaign to

0:43:160:43:22

his pro-Israel voters that he would

move on Embassy to Jerusalem and he

0:43:220:43:28

would recognise Jerusalem as the

capital, and now he's doing it. It

0:43:280:43:31

was notable how many times he said

during a speech that other

0:43:310:43:35

presidents had also made that

promise but they never did it. But

0:43:350:43:38

he was doing it. That is the main

impetus here. He also went to some

0:43:380:43:45

lengths to say this did not mean

that the US on-the-job

0:43:450:43:49

administration was departing from

the peace process, all from its

0:43:490:43:54

plans to mediate the peace deal. He

went on at some length about how the

0:43:540:43:59

US was deeply committed to that, and

he made a point of saying that the

0:43:590:44:05

final status of Jerusalem is not

affected by this announcement. The

0:44:050:44:08

US was not taking any position on

that. And that it would accept a two

0:44:080:44:13

state solution if that's what both

sides wanted. He made that very

0:44:130:44:18

clear. Then he said this could even

advance the peace process, though

0:44:180:44:21

frankly he did not say how it could,

other than that recognising Israel

0:44:210:44:26

had sovereignty on the right to

choose its capital was a necessary

0:44:260:44:29

step. Then Prime Minister Netanyahu

chimed in to say there is no peace

0:44:290:44:34

that doesn't include Jerusalem as

the capital of the state of Israel.

0:44:340:44:36

The reaction that has come that you

were quoting there is quite

0:44:360:44:42

predictable, because the concern of

critics, which involves most if not

0:44:420:44:46

all of the US allies, is that the

fact of doing this, making this

0:44:460:44:51

statement, is disruptive enough to

the peace process, never mind how

0:44:510:44:55

the presidents couched it.

That move

of the US embassy as well, that has

0:44:550:45:03

been announced, but how likely is

that to take?

US officials have said

0:45:030:45:11

it is years, not months, and it will

take at least three or four years

0:45:110:45:14

because they are planning to build a

new building. That has to meet

0:45:140:45:19

security requirements uncertain if

you are moving a US embassy to

0:45:190:45:21

Jerusalem that will have to meet

security requirements, so what Mr

0:45:210:45:25

Trump talked about was action, there

were going to start hiring engineers

0:45:250:45:29

and architects in that sort of

thing. He wants to make sure he

0:45:290:45:32

gives the message that movement is

going to happen. In actual fact, you

0:45:320:45:36

probably won't see much change on

the ground for a while. The

0:45:360:45:40

administration officials are banking

on that for this too may blow over,

0:45:400:45:43

there will be, they were expecting

opposition, but if no building an

0:45:430:45:48

actual change on the ground happens

for while, perhaps things will

0:45:480:45:52

settle down. There is not actually a

peace plan to produce at this

0:45:520:45:56

moment. It would have made more

sense, many here in Washington feel,

0:45:560:46:00

if Trump had made this announcement

as part of a peace plan but he did

0:46:000:46:03

not. There is not want to present,

so if the Palestinians say, that's

0:46:030:46:08

it, we're not taking part, there is

nothing for them to drop out of.

0:46:080:46:12

Perhaps the peace plan comes they

will have changed their minds. That

0:46:120:46:15

is part of the calculation as well.

It is a pretty classic trumped

0:46:150:46:21

political move, how much support do

you think there was saved, in the

0:46:210:46:24

State Department for this?

Not very

much, I don't think. It was the

0:46:240:46:31

state department responsible for

staffing, maintaining and securing

0:46:310:46:33

the emphases. We understand that the

Secretary of State and officials

0:46:330:46:41

within the Department express their

opposition to this move largely on

0:46:410:46:45

security grounds because they were

concerned, as others have expressed,

0:46:450:46:48

that this would trigger a backlash.

They of course responsible for

0:46:480:46:53

protecting US citizens and

diplomats, and that was a concern to

0:46:530:46:56

them. In the State Department, they

had contacts and dealings on the

0:46:560:47:02

peace process for many years, who

are acutely aware of just how

0:47:020:47:06

sensitive issue this is. There was

opposition from that department.

0:47:060:47:10

Stay there, I will be back to you in

a moment or two, I just want to

0:47:100:47:14

update viewers because reactions

coming in all of the time since we

0:47:140:47:18

have had that announcement. Hamas

has just been speaking, and saying

0:47:180:47:24

that Donald Trump's decision to

recognise Jerusalem as Israel's

0:47:240:47:27

capital would open the gates of hell

on US interests in the region,

0:47:270:47:33

making that announcement, calling on

Arab and Islamic states to cut off

0:47:330:47:39

economic and political ties with the

US embassy and expel American

0:47:390:47:43

ambassadors to cripple this

decision. Those on their quotes, in

0:47:430:47:47

keeping with what you would expect

from Hamas. You have a sense of it

0:47:470:47:54

towards the end of Donald Trump's

speech, where he was urging calm. He

0:47:540:47:58

knew there would be a backlash.

He

knew there would be, and we heard

0:47:580:48:04

from the education minister of

Israel who said they expect

0:48:040:48:07

friction, was the word used in the

short-term, but that he hoped in the

0:48:070:48:10

long term this would move the region

closer to peace. Tonight a lot of

0:48:100:48:15

people are expressing doubt about

that, that it moves even further

0:48:150:48:18

away. There is no peace process,

just this idea that President

0:48:180:48:25

Trump's team including his

son-in-law Jared Kushner and the

0:48:250:48:28

prominent real estate lawyer are

making progress. We are hearing from

0:48:280:48:34

Palestinians and Jordanians that

they felt there were some slow

0:48:340:48:38

progress, that Trump was listening,

they knew it would be a slow process

0:48:380:48:41

but I thought at least there was an

effort to try to listen to all

0:48:410:48:44

sides. -- they thought. Announcing

today that Jerusalem is the capital

0:48:440:48:52

of Israel, that the embassy will be

moving to Jerusalem, will be seen by

0:48:520:48:56

the Palestinians, Arabs and allies

of the US, that President Trump is

0:48:560:49:01

only listening to one side. You

cannot be seen as the peacemaker if

0:49:010:49:05

you are not listening to all sides.

Since we heard from the president,

0:49:050:49:11

it's worth re-capping, because it is

difficult to exaggerate the

0:49:110:49:17

significance of what he has just

announced.

We have to keep reminding

0:49:170:49:23

ourselves, Jerusalem is not just a

city, it's not a piece of land, this

0:49:230:49:26

is not just an embassy building.

Jerusalem is invested with so much

0:49:260:49:32

significance, sacred significance,

not just to the three faiths who

0:49:320:49:36

have sites holy to their faith in

Jerusalem, in the old city, it is an

0:49:360:49:42

emotional issue for many people, it

has resonated through the centuries,

0:49:420:49:48

down through history, it touches the

heart and is at the heart of so many

0:49:480:49:52

of the world's issues. It is why you

have the Pope also speaking today.

0:49:520:49:57

Jerusalem symbolises so much and

many people want to see Jerusalem

0:49:570:50:00

this eternal city which brings

people together, but tonight it is

0:50:000:50:03

being seen as a city which is people

apart.

Bringing it back to the White

0:50:030:50:10

House, when we were talking earlier

with a various contributors to the

0:50:100:50:16

programme, people have tried to make

the point that perhaps Donald Trump

0:50:160:50:20

will change his mind, that is most

unlikely given what we have seen

0:50:200:50:24

with this announcement, isn't it?

Well, he has recognised Israel,

0:50:240:50:32

Jerusalem, as the capital of Israel,

that in itself is a significant

0:50:320:50:36

decision. Whether the embassy gets

moved there or not, that is maybe

0:50:360:50:41

just as disturbing to the

Palestinians and Arab leaders as if

0:50:410:50:45

there was a transfer or a building

being made. He has basically said

0:50:450:50:52

that the US has overturned decades

of policy, and in the view of the

0:50:520:50:59

Palestinians, taken at unbalanced

approach to their holy city for

0:50:590:51:06

territorial sovereignty over part of

it. Even if the embassy is not

0:51:060:51:10

moved, and that will take a couple

of years, there will not be much

0:51:100:51:14

action on the ground, and it may not

happen perhaps, but he has made this

0:51:140:51:19

declaration and come out with a

statement that recognises Jerusalem

0:51:190:51:22

as the capital for Israel, and that

in itself is enough of a provocation

0:51:220:51:30

or disappointment to the Arabs and

Palestinians, even if the building

0:51:300:51:33

does not happen. I should say, US

officials were saying yesterday that

0:51:330:51:39

once the process starts, once the

building starts to be constructive,

0:51:390:51:42

it continues. It is not as if they

get things going in a concrete way,

0:51:420:51:47

then. At some point, usually

buildings do get completed.

Thanks

0:51:470:51:53

once again. More reaction from the

Egyptians, their Foreign Ministry

0:51:530:51:56

rejecting the US decision to move

the embassy to Jerusalem. Israel's

0:51:560:52:02

Prime Minister has been speaking in

the last little while. Let's remind

0:52:020:52:05

you of what he said.

0:52:050:52:08

We are profoundly grateful for the

president for his courageous and

0:52:090:52:12

just decision to recognise Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel. And to

0:52:120:52:16

prepare for the opening of the US

Embassy here. This decision reflects

0:52:160:52:21

the President's commitment to an

ancient but enduring truth, to

0:52:210:52:25

fulfilling his promises and to

advancing peace. The President's

0:52:250:52:32

decision is an important step

towards peace. There is no peace

0:52:320:52:36

that does not include Jerusalem as

the capital of the state of Israel.

0:52:360:52:43

There was Benjamin Netanyahu. In

terms of the reaction, obvious

0:52:430:52:49

delight there from Israel's Prime

Minister, but you mentioned before,

0:52:490:52:54

the two state solution, and at

different stages in the last 11

0:52:540:52:57

months the Donald Trump, he has not

been behind that, he was asked and

0:52:570:53:03

pushed on that, and recoiled. Today

we heard the words he used, how

0:53:030:53:07

committed do you think the Americans

after that?

People may remember that

0:53:070:53:11

when Donald Trump the candidate

started campaigning, people noticed

0:53:110:53:14

that when he first started

campaigning he seemed measured, he

0:53:140:53:18

spoke about Israeli interests and

aspirations, Palestinian interests

0:53:180:53:25

and aspirations, then within a short

time he's started talking about

0:53:250:53:28

commitment to Israel as the most

important partner to the US,

0:53:280:53:32

strategic ally, defending the rights

of Israelis, and he started tilting

0:53:320:53:35

more towards, let's say, attachment

to Israel and the use of what should

0:53:350:53:42

happen for the peace process. What

we've been hearing senses become

0:53:420:53:45

president is that he has not really

come out and given his own personal

0:53:450:53:50

commitment of his administration to

a two state solution. It has to be

0:53:500:53:53

said, it is more than 20 years now

since the Oslo peace process which

0:53:530:53:57

was very much enshrining the idea of

a two state solution, which has led

0:53:570:54:01

some Palestinians to even say it's

not going to work, let's look at a

0:54:010:54:05

one state solution. There are

different ideas being talked about,

0:54:050:54:10

but as Antonio Cotan is reminded all

of us tonight, and there are many

0:54:100:54:15

who say really the only alternative,

the only just alternative is a two

0:54:150:54:20

state solution. A state for the

Palestinians, side by side, to use

0:54:200:54:26

the language, side by side living in

peace and security and Israeli

0:54:260:54:29

state. Some watching what happened

today might think, given Trump sees

0:54:290:54:37

himself as the ultimate deal-maker,

why was this not done as part of a

0:54:370:54:41

deal? Saying, but I have also agreed

with the Israelis they will do this

0:54:410:54:45

or that, there has been an agreement

that this will happen. Barbara

0:54:450:54:50

suggested they want to keep the

peace process separates the

0:54:500:54:53

Palestinians could not pull out of

it. There could be something given

0:54:530:54:56

to both sides to make it a more

measured response, if you like.

0:54:560:55:01

Given all of what you have just

said, a final thought as to where

0:55:010:55:05

you think we are this evening after

that major announcement.

One thing

0:55:050:55:12

bears mentioning, this is like the

Iran deal, something the president

0:55:120:55:18

had to give a decision on, had to

give a waiver, in times of the Iran

0:55:180:55:22

deal every quarter he had to say

around was complying with this

0:55:220:55:25

waiver, and it was irritating him

for every time. It was the same with

0:55:250:55:29

the waiver on moving the embassy to

Jerusalem, a get irritating him that

0:55:290:55:33

he had to give the wave every time

alike Presidents before him. Tonight

0:55:330:55:39

he has said he wants to bring about

the deal but in capitals around the

0:55:390:55:45

world tonight, I think that

deal-making is now in doubt.

Thanks

0:55:450:55:49

for that and for being with me for

this special coverage. We close with

0:55:490:55:53

those pictures from the White House

is Donald Trump signed the paperwork

0:55:530:55:58

after making that announcement. It

is time to officially recognise

0:55:580:56:02

Jerusalem, he said, as the capital

of Israel.

0:56:020:56:04