17/03/2017 BBC World News America


In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.

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This is a World News America, reporting from Washington, I'm Jane


O'Brien. A rift in relations between the US and UK. Britain's


intelligence agencies says allegations it eavesdropped on


President Trump are utterly ridiculous. Wiretapping allegations


also took centre stage at President Trump's meeting with Angela Merkel,


where he stood by his claim. As far as wiretapping, I guess this past


Administration, at least we have something in common perhaps. And the


famous Kronos Quartet is now helping the next generation of musicians


with new music from around the globe.


Welcome to our viewers on public television in America and around the


globe. They are supposed to be the closest allies, but unusually sharp


words have been exchanged between Britain and the US. The UK is


outraged over a claim its intelligence agency bugged Donald


Trump during the election campaign. The allegation was made by a


television analyst and repeated by the White House press secretary.


Britain's denials come just one day after a key Senate committee said


there was also no evidence that Mr Trump was bugged by US intelligence


either. The risk Frank Gardner. Britain's GCHQ surveillance agency -


secretly listening in, said the White House,


on President-Elect Not true, says GCHQ,


in a rare public rebuttal. It all began with a tweet,


with Donald Trump alleging on social media Barack Obama had ordered


the tapping of his phone calls Then came the claim, from Fox News,


that GCHQ may have been behind it. Sources have told Fox News


that President Obama could very easily have,


and probably did, use a foreign intelligence service to gather this


information for him. The probable culprit


here is called GCHQ. The next thing, that unsubstantiated


claim was being quoted That triggered alarm


bells in Whitehall. I'm told it was serious enough


to be considered a threat It prompted this


unprecedented denial by GCHQ. Recent allegations, it said,


made by media commentator Judge Andrew Napolitano about GCHQ


being asked to conduct wiretapping against the then


President-Elect are nonsense. They are utterly ridiculous


and should be ignored. This is just not


something GCHQ does. The legislation under which it


operates doesn't allow it to happen. The governance and the oversight


of the organisation just does not I think, in this case,


it is absolutely clear this If Donald Trump was embarrassed,


he wasn't showing it today - seen here meeting the German


Chancellor, Angela Merkel. His administration has promised not


to repeat these allegations, So, what is the damage


to relations with Washington? MI6, MI5 and GCHQ, Britain's three


spy agencies, all have incredibly close working relationships


with their US counterparts. Whitehall officials insisted


today that partnership remains as strong as ever,


despite the controversy Still, it is a bad day


for Western intelligence, when Britain has to publicly


contradict a statement coming out of the highest office


of its closest partner, Frank Gardner, BBC News, outside MI6


headquarters in central London. President Trump was asked about


allegations against a day. He said the media initially pointed the


finger at the British intelligence agency and not the White House or


the president himself. We said nothing. All we did was quote a


certain very talented legal mind, who was the one responsible for


saying that on television. I didn't make an opinion on it, that was a


statement made by a very talented lawyer on Fox. You shouldn't be


talking to me, you should be talking to Fox, OK? Making matters even


murkier, late today Fox News said they had no evidence of any kind


President Trump was under surveillance at any time in any way.


Wiretapping was just one of the topics the leaders discussed today


and a short time ago I discussed Chancellor Merkel's visit with


Charles Koch who served as senior director for European affairs at the


National Security Council during the Obama Administration. Thanks for


joining me, how damaging are these wiretapping allegations? They won't


go away. We have an expression here, when you're in a hole stop digging.


President Trump seems to keep digging. The Republican leadership


has come out and said no wiretapping. Now the US has more or


less had to apologise to the UK for this report that it was British


intelligence that was giving misinformation. That is no more


confirmable than the wiretapping to begin with. Rather than backing off


President Trump keeps doubling down and it is damaging his credibility.


Those comments came at the end of that news conference but what we saw


throughout was really a vision of two different worldviews. Angela


Merkel talking about globalisation, defending free trade, and Donald


Trump putting America first. How are these different approaches going to


be reconciled? Angela Merkel put her finger on it when G said it's better


to be talking to each other than about each other. In some ways it


was an indication that the discussion in the Oval Office was


probably pretty frank and tough. As you said, they are coming at the


core issues from opposite ends of the political spectrum. I think we


did see a bit of movement on some of the core issues, with the Chancellor


accepting she needs to do more on defence spending, with President


Trump saying, I will stand by historic institutions, whatever that


means. He didn't come right out and say I support the EU, which I think


Chancellor Merkel would have liked. There is no question this is the


initial conversation in what is going to be a very tough


conversation across the Atlantic over the coming months. What are the


priorities here? They disagree on virtually everything from Russia, to


Nato, to the future of the EU. What is the consequence if they don't get


it right? Particularly on Russia. I think if they don't get it right we


are in a heap of trouble because as we found out during the Obama


presidency, Berlin and Washington need to stay in lockstep. In part


because the French are weak politically and economically, the


British are tied up in the Brexit negotiation, so it is really the


leader of Germany and the United States that have been guiding the


West at a very troubled time when there is populous rising on both


sides of the Atlantic. The key issues for now are to stand by the


core institutions of Nato and EU. Trump did say he supports Nato. To


stand up to Russia because Russia continues to leaning and interfere


in our politics. It's still got troops in Ukraine. I think the


toughest conversation may be on trade. We saw that today in the


press conference, Merkel said, I'm a free trader, standing by trade


deals. Trump was really America first. That's going to be a tough


conversation especially because Merkel is hosting the G20 coming up


in July. All eyes on that. Charles, thank you very much indeed. Let's


take a look at some of the other news. The UN refugee agency has said


it is appalled by the deaths of dozens of Somali refugees after


their boat was attacked off Yemen's red Sea coast. More than 40 bodies


have been recovered and survivors taken to detention centres. It's not


clear who was behind the attack. Coastguards say the vessel was


travelling from Yemen to Sudan when it was fired at from the air. A US


Secret Service laptop containing sensitive information about


President Trump and Hillary Clinton has been stolen. The computer


contained the floor plans of Trump Tower and details of the


investigation into Mrs Clinton's use of a private e-mail server. It was


reportedly taken from an agent's car in the New York borough of Brooklyn


on Thursday, police are trying to identify suspects from CCTV footage.


Egyptian archaeologists say a vast statue uncovered in a suburb of


Cairo last week is not Pharaoh Rameses the second as originally


thought, it is believed to depict a much later King, some take the


first. It was found by an Egyptian- German archaeological team and had


split into a number of parts. Its torso alone weighed more than 300


tonnes. Today the US secretary of state Rex Tillerson continued his


trip to Asia with a blunt message for North Korea. The White House's


ruling nothing out including military action. Speaking after


talks with South Korean leaders, Rex Tillerson said a policy of strategic


patience with Pyongyang was over. Stephen Evans reports from Seoul. Mr


to and came here with a particular message in the Foreign Ministry and


that is that the ironclad alliance between the US and South Korea, as


he calls it, will remain, whoever wins power in elections here in two


months. He was firm, though quietly spoken, he said the old policy has


ended. We wait, though, to see exactly what the new policy will be.


Let me be very clear, the policy of strategic patience has ended. We are


exploring a new range of diplomatic, security and economic measures, all


options are on the table. North Korea must understand that the only


path to a secure economically prosperous future is to abandon its


development of nuclear weapons, ballistic missiles, and other


weapons of mass destruction. We call on other regional powers and all


nations to join us in demanding the North Korean government choose a


better path and different future for its people. Beyond the actual words,


the tone of the press conference was that the moment North Korea has the


ability to hit the continental United States with nuclear weapons


is a moment of real crisis. And military options really will be an


the table then. For more on secretary Tillerson's tough tour, I


spoke to Jordan Chang, author of nuclear showdown: North Korea takes


on the world. He joined us from New York. -- Gordon. Thank you for


joining me. Very different tone, but what can we make of it, what does it


mean? The Trump administration has yet to figure out its policy on


North Korea. That is sort of understandable because North Korea


policy isn't just about North Korea, it's about Iran, Pakistan and China,


because these countries cooperate on ballistic missiles and nuclear


weapon technology. This is a hard issue for the United States. Part of


Tillerson 's brief is to find out what the Chinese position is and how


far they can be pushed. Tillerson talks about the military operation


but it's not going to happen because there are 25 million South Koreans


living in Seoul, 30 parameters from the demilitarised zone separating


the two careers. The North Korean army has about 60% of its forces


deployed on the DMC. What can he do, if the military option isn't an


option, what is? He talked about arming North Korea, South Korea and


Japan with the world's most dangerous weapons. I don't think


it's going to happen because that is ditching seven decades of American


proliferation policy. One thing he can do which administrations in the


past haven't tried, as a matter of fact the only thing they haven't


tried, is to impose costs on China for aiding North Korea in illicit


ways. If we unplugged Chinese banks from the global system for money


laundering, which we should do, it would rock global markets but it


would tell the Chinese for the first time in more than two decade we're


serious about protecting the American homeland. There are no


longer any low-cost solutions, we've got ourselves in a very bad place,


it's going to be horrible getting out of it. How is China going to


react? Because that is his next stop. If Tillerson was going to do


this, and he has talked about sanctioning Chinese companies,


Beijing would be upset. Beijing has not been cooperating, it's been


helping North Korea, transferring missile technology, and probably


nuclear weapons technology as well, because we know they have also


transferred material to the North Koreans. We have to come to some


understanding. Really a horrible realisation for us, but the Chinese


are not on our side. They are on the side of North Korea, and we have a


long way to go in getting China to a good place on this. The wild card is


North Korea, you haven't mentioned what their reaction is likely to be


and you're not dealing with a rational regime. They think the


regime is rational but Kim Jong-un the ruler has a low threshold of


risk. Within about three or four week period at the end of January,


through February, we saw many instances of instability. For


instance the demotion of the Minister of State Security, the


execution of five senior subordinates. The killing of King


Jong-un, the older half brother of the ruler. -- Tillerson. On the Lord


of the intermediate range ballistic missile the head of the North Korean


missile forces wasn't there, indicating turbulence at the top of


the North Korean military. This is an exceedingly difficult situation


because I believe North Korea is not stable. Thank you very much for


joining me, Gordon Chang. You're watching World News America.


Still to come... Reaching a remote part of China where a security


crackdown is underway. Why Beijing worries about terrorism among this


community. Authorities in Peru remain on high


alert after heavy rains caused mudslides and two rivers to burst


banks in the capital, Lima. The damage has forced schools and roads


to close and tens of thousands of people have been left homeless, as


Greg Dawson reports. As a mudslide churns up the debris of what was


somebody's home, a woman suddenly emerges clinging for her life.


Slowly, she is able to find her feet and carefully step away. Before


onlookers rushed to help her. Later commit Peru's health Minister tells


her she's had a lucky escape. She's not the only one. Just watch as a


mudslide takes out two chucks. One of the drivers somehow manages to


climb from his cab, just before the rushing water drags his vehicle


away. It's not clear what happened to the people in the other lorry. In


some parts of Peru's capital, Lima, the only route to safety is up as


police as if children out of the flood waters. One temperatures in


the Pacific have brought torrential rain to Peru according to the macro


causing burst river banks and mudslides. 50 people have died in


floods since December and tens of thousands have lost their homes. The


floods have damaged crops and hit the tourism industry. The full


extent of the damage will be Nova while, heavy rain will continue for


at least another two weeks. Greg Dawson, BBC News.


China has declared that Islamist separatists in the far west of the


country are the greatest threat to the nation's security. The president


promised to build what he calls a great wall of iron to safeguard the


vast western region option Jang, home to a community of some 10


million mostly Muslims who the government says may be vulnerable to


radicalising propaganda from Syria and Iraq. Widespread intimidation


makes reporting from the region extremely difficult, but Carrie


Gracie gained exclusive access and sent this report.


Once the fabled silk Road between China and the West, now the front


line in China's war on terror. They called it an all-out offensive. A


new great wall of iron. Thousands of troops, pledging to lay down their


lives and shed blood. We're heading for the scene of the only confirmed


attack this year. China doesn't want the world to see the police


checkpoints. Filming has to be discreet. Body searches in every


public building. We're the only foreign reporters to get to this


county. Three young Uighurs knifed a group of hanging Chinese on the


street here last month. Five victims died of their wounds. Police shot


the attackers dead. -- Han Chinese. Some are glad of the heightened


security. TRANSLATION: You don't need to be afraid, she


says, this place is full of police, you can feel safe, it's a lot better


than before. Recent attacks have all been local and low-tech. A handful


of young farmers armed only with knives. They show no sign of


delivering the kind of large-scale atrocity that would explain the


government call for an all-out offensive and sending thousands of


troops to this so-called front line. But some say there are more attacks


than the government admits to. Security, the only growth business.


They say it's backward here. They would get out if they could. But


Beijing worries about where they would go. TRANSLATION: The so-called


Islamic the so-called Islamic State posted


videos of Xinjiang in Iraq, promising rivers of blood in Chinese


heartland. Religion in Xinjiang is under ever-growing pressure. No


young people in the mosque, no beards except the very old. And


propaganda slogans urging the public to thank their Communist Party


leaders. Some are grateful. This man sings a


tune that Beijing likes. They call him Xinjiang's Justin Bieber. A


reminder that Uighurs were once more famous for song than for violence.


He told his fans disease every chance the government offers but the


relationship between Uighurs and Han were Chinese, he says he can't talk


about it, and I can see why he is careful. People disappear. Armed


SWAT teams are everywhere. Foreign critics warned this repression is


the recruiting Sergeant for terror. But China vows it will triumph. And


until then every Uighur is suspect. Carrie Gracie, BBC News, Xinjiang.


The Kronos Quartet has been entertaining audiences worldwide for


more than 40 years, now they are turning their attention to the next


generation of musicians. They've launched a project which helps


emerging professionals and students with a series of specially


commissioned scores. The BBC caught up with the team at the historic


sixth and I Synagogue in Washington, DC.


50 for the future is a five-year commissioning programme. Each year


we commissioned five women and five men composers and making music for


future generations. And I want just the most amazing music we can find.


We're frequently working with young groups, some from high school, some


from colleges, and young professional groups. They are


playing our repertoire, that they can download for free from our


website, the scores on the parts, you can listen to the coding is. You


can hear each composer speaking about their work, giving details of


interpretation and background. For free. Any time of day and night.


Whether it has been written by Laurie Anderson, Terry Riley, we


decided to make it has readily available as possible. That is what


50 for the Future is trying to do. Writing for the Kronos is a great


honour, but to think of the younger quartets behind them, I was thinking


as I was writing, what is useful for a young quartet to learn? A nice


thing for them to do, some little things they haven't seen before but


nothing too extreme. I thought, what is enjoyable in this part, I play


myself, I know what is fun to do and less fun to do. In very conscious of


how it feels to play, so when I write something I wanted to feel


good as well sound good, when it feels good and the player is happy


to it, it works. I'm so pleased about the way the


project is developing, it's much bigger than I thought. I think it's


a very generous gesture on behalf of Chronos to give to the new


generation is 50 new pieces which they have access to free online,


it's a wonderful thing they are doing. What I hope is that 50 for


the Future is this platform that will allow other groups all over the


world to have as much fun as Chronos does.


I want musical viewpoint expressed not only through 50 for the Future,


but all the work Kronos does. That is is ending on a high note.


You can find much more on all the news of the day on the website. For


now, from all of us at World News America, thank you for watching and


have a good weekend. For an extended look at the weather.


We're going to look at the weather for the next week. And a little bit


beyond. We start looking into the Atlantic at the jet stream, that


fast flowing river in the upper atmosphere


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