21/03/2017 BBC World News America


In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.

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Reporting from Washington, I'm Tim Willcox.


Shoes off, no liquids, and now, no laptops.


Why Britain is joining the United States in banning some


electronic gadgets on certain flights.


From bombs to the ballot box - Northern Ireland's Martin


The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam welcomes home two stolen paintings


Welcome to our viewers on Public Television in America,


For millions of airline passengers long haul flights could soon


It follows US authorities announcing a ban on laptops, iPads,


cameras and other devices bigger than a mobile phone being allowed


The order, based on unspecified threats, affects passengers on US


bound flights from certain countries in the Middle East and North Africa.


And now Britain has tightened its aviation


Our security correspondent Frank Gardner has more.


Jamelia, tedious, time consuming. Getting laptops and other devices


through airport security on flights from the Middle East to the UK is


Anything bigger than a smartphone Anything bigger than a smartphone


will now have to go in the hold. British Airways, easyJet and four


other UK airlines are affected, so too are Middle Eastern and North


Africa and carriers. It follows a similar measure by the United


States. The Government has said the security of the travelling public is


its highest priority. What has prompted this? Last year's laptop


bomb aboard this flight out of Somalia raised a lot of concerns.


Smuggled aboard by the group, Al Shabab, it made a hole in the plane.


The pilot was able to land safely. The year before so-called Islamic


State put a bomb onto a passenger jet coming out of Egypt, killing


everyone on board. That device was in the mould with a new ban does not


apply. In Whitehall, the BBC understands there were concerns


about introducing the band. It does not relate to a specific plot. There


was bound to be a commercial and diplomatic price for this. It is


also yet one more incumbents for air passengers. The scope for disruption


is immense. People will get the wrong end of many sticks. They will


think it applies to all flights from the UK, as well as these six


countries. People will have organised only hand baggage flights.


They will suddenly need to check things in. It is going to be, I'm


afraid, and a mighty muddle, until we get used to the idea. Business


travellers who need to work on the flight will be especially


inconvenienced. There is no end to the ban in sight. The ban on liquids


over 100 Mills is still in place. For more on this spoke a short time


ago with Matthew Levitt, who heads the Counter-terrorism


programme at the Washington How effective will this be? What it


will effectively do is get these items into the hole. The idea is


that there is better and easier screening of devices that can go


beneath and it is harder to do those above. They are interested in the


size. It is about how much explosive can be fitted in. What do you mean


the screening is more effective question what do they go through


bigger machines? Will banks have to be unpacked by more airport workers?


There is easier and better technology. When there are


questions, there will be workers to go through. You have probably


travelled and checked bags underneath and there is a tag on


their saying, we have had to go through your bag will stop that will


happen. It is only from certain countries, probably where the Intel


is coming from. It is unclear how long it will last. The trend is for


miniaturising agent of devices. We saw in that report the laptop and


the group claiming responsibility for that. It really is about the


evolving threats of explosives and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula


has a bomb maker who has been very creative with the types of


explosives, what they are made out of a where he puts them. Inside a


person boss Max physical being in Saudi Arabia. It is the extent to


which they have been able to miniaturise that explosive. Is there


anything that can be done to the aircraft itself to sustain or


withstand the small explosion? You don't want any explosive to get onto


the plane. You do not know where it will be. It is true that our


passengers in the immediate area, if there is something small, it will


have less of an effect. The do not take that risk. You want to put


things down there so it can go through more security checks.


Airports around the country, they are really close allies to United


States for that Turkey is a member of Nato. Earlier on Turkey said it


would appeal for study in the lobby any movement on that front all, is


the risk so grave, that the countries will have to follow suit?


We do not know the nature of the intelligence was that it is possible


there will be other checks will carry on baggage to enable these


things to go back at the carry on. There are flights from certain


places like United States. It is less likely that this will be


something we will have 11 years on, as we do with the liquid gel will


have to see how the threat pans out. Thank you very much.


On Capitol Hill here in Washington, Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch


today faced more hours of questioning from lawmakers.


The topics ranged from US policy on abortion and torture,


to allowing cameras in the courtroom and Gorsuch's own past rulings.


But perhaps foremost on lawmakers' minds was the issue


of judicial independence, and whether Judge Gorsuch


would operate separately from the politics of Washington.


Let's go live to Laura Trevelyan on Capitol Hill for us now.


Very keen to make people realise he is his own man. Absolutely. In doing


so, he is blunting one of the key lines of the attacks from the


Democrats. They want to stress how important judicial independence is


under this president. Neil Gorsuch said he believed in the separation


of powers he said they gave me a gavel and not rubber-stamp. He said


no man is above the law, not even the president. On the hot button


issues which could camp up in front of the Court, a Republican senator


had this to say about what resident tramp said about abortion in 1973.


-- president Trump. I would have walked out the door. It


is not what judges do. I don't do it at that end of Pennsylvania Avenue


and they should not do it at this end.


This has been billed as a grilling of Neil Gorsuch. The atmosphere has


seen quite -- seemed quite warm at stages. There is no disguising the


fact that Democrats are sought about the fact that President Obama's


nominee never got the chance to have the nomination hearing that Neil


Gorsuch is going through. They are divided as to how far they can go in


opposing him, given that Neil Gorsuch has shown himself to be


erudite, highly qualified, able to cope with the pressure. He seems


barely to have put a foot wrong. It is a big dilemma for Democrats. Do


they throw the kitchen sink at this? It is difficult for them right now.


Thank you very much. The other big story on Capitol Hill


is the fight over the new health care bill. It is close. The real


winners and losers could be those in states like Pennsylvania. This was


such a huge issue for Trump on the campaign trail. He is finding that


health care is Commper gated. We all remember that rallying cry on the


campaign Trail to repeal and replace Obamacare. He is repealing a banner


care. We saw that as an executive order on day one. -- Bama care. He


has come up with some will call Trump care. It looks slightly


different, very different if you are a Democrat. President Obama help the


most vulnerable and the sick. A lot of that will be shrunk and withdrawn


foot. Making insurance is compulsory and stop insurers having to find


insurance premiums for their workers for the bidders more market-driven


and there is less subsidy. The funding is through tax credits for


the bus is very much a businessman's. He has come up with


something in the past month that everyone has hated. The moderate


Republicans have been very spooked by anon parties and budget office


saying millions of Americans could be uninsured over the next decade.


On the right of the party, the real conservatives, they say they hate


it. They think it does not repeal enough and that it will be too


expensive for the Government. Just very briefly on the numbers, it will


be tight, will it? The numbers on Capitol Hill. We talked to


congressmen there this morning, some on the right of the party. They


think it will not pass. All he needs to lose our 22 votes. We think the


numbers against him are between possibly 25, 30 five. He might try


to cancel the vote on Thursday altogether. It does not look good if


you are President and cannot get the first piece of legislation through.


Rebel and jihadist forces in Syria say their latest


assault on the capital, Damascus, is sending a powerful


message to the government just days before another round of peace talks.


They say it shows they can still mount a major attack


on what is regarded as Syria's most heavily protected city.


The Syrian military response has included moving dozens of tanks


into the city centre, airstrikes, and artillery fire.


You're watching BBC World News America.


Still to come on tonight's programme:


We'll speak with the US negotiator of the Northern Ireland peace


South Korean prosecutors have spent 14 hours questioning


the former President, Park Guen-haye over her involvement


in the growing corruption scandal that led to her impeachment.


Ms Park travelled voluntarily from her home to the prosecutor's


She's always denied wrongdoing but as she arrived to be


interviewed, she apologised to the country.


Hidden in the motive Cade, Park Guen-haye. As an ordinary citizen,


the prosecutor calls her in and she complies. I am sorry, she said, to


the Korean people. But it is not clear what she is sorry for. Two


weeks ago, when she was evicted from the presidential palace, she was


defiant. Her innocence, she said, would emerge. Others are also facing


the heat, like the patriarchs who control the biggest businesses in


South Korea, the head of some sun is on trial. The ex-president's best


friend has been charged accused of getting money from business. Park


Guen-haye is said to have favoured donors in return. Outside, her


supporters, angry at what they call political persecution. This


symbolises the whole division of the country. There will be an election


in two months' time. There may well be a movement to the left of the


Government. Even after that, the divisions will remain. Park


Guen-haye still has her fans. The prosecutor probably is not one of


them. Martin McGuinness, the former IRA


leader turned deputy first minister of Northern Ireland has died


at the age of 66. He'd been suffering


from a rare heart condition. From one of the Provisional IRA's


most senior and ruthless commanders, responsible for many deaths and acts


of terror he went on to embrace electoral politics and became


a principal architect of the peace process that led to the 1998


Good Friday Agreement. To paint a true picture of Martin


McGuinness, you have to accept contradictions. He was a


paramilitary who once embraced violence but also a peacemaker who


reached out to rivals. A man who could be seen in very different


lights. Born in Londonderry into a large Catholic family, Martin


McGuinness came of age as Northern Ireland's divides became prevalent.


In that time, he joined the IRA, quickly rising through its ranks.


Can you say whether the bombings are likely to stop in the near future in


response to demands? I would take into consideration the feelings of


the people. He became one of the faces of ruthless Irish


republicanism and was jailed for terrorist offences in Dublin. He


changed considerably from the own man he is to swagger around the no


go areas in Londonderry as commander of the provisional IRA. What started


as a fight for civil rights has become a vicious battle. Alongside


the many bombings and shootings, Martin McGuinness sought


opportunities for Sinn Fein, the political party linked to the irony.


Even then, the language remain. We don't believe winning elections and


any amount of votes will bring freedom. In the end of the day it


will be the cutting edge of the IRA who will bring freedom. After years


of chaos, in the 1990s, the ceasefires offered the opportunity


for talks between unionists and Republicans. Would you like to shake


hands? There are no guns here. Not only would they shake hands, after


the signing of the Good Friday Agreement, they joined each other.


Eventually at its head was the murky partnership of two former enemies.


Ian Paisley and Martin McGuinness. The firebrand and Unionist radical


Republican became so close they were nicknamed the Chuckle Brothers.


There were Republicans who continue to threaten that political progress.


When a police officer was killed, the then Deputy First Minister stood


side by side with the chief Custer Paul to condemn the dissident


groups. -- Chief Constable. They are traitors to Ireland. Alongside the


words there were reactions from all sides. The Queen was a cousin Lord


Mountbatten was killed by the IRA. After the troubles, they put their


differences aside. Relationships at Stormont always seemed strange. As


Ian Paisley stepped down as First Minister to be replaced by Peter


Robinson and then Arlene Foster. His ill-health became obvious. Martin


McGuinness walked out of government. The boy's from the Bogside retiring


as First Minister after years in the irony. It breaks my heart. My heart


lies in the Bogside and with the people of Derry. The past actions of


the IRA will colour many people's you of Martin McGuinness. As a


Republican who work towards reconciliation, he will be


remembered as a key figure in a changing Northern Ireland.


The Queen has sent a message of condolence to the widow of Martin


McGuinness. Another prominent figure in those


peace talks was George Mitchell, the US envoy to Northern Ireland


during that pivotal time. He knew Martin McGuiness well,


and earlier my colleague Katty Kay spoke to him as part of the BBC"s


100 Days programme. Senator Mitchell, when you went to


Northern Ireland in the mid-90s and you started to deal with Martin


McGuinness, what made you think that you could trust him, given his past


record? He was obviously a political leader, chosen by the people of


Northern Ireland. When the peace talks began, all of the delegates


were elected. They represented the people of Northern Ireland. So it


another, it was wanting to accept another, it was wanting to accept


the will of the people of Northern Ireland. Martin McGuinness was


intelligent, articulate, a strong and effective leader of the


community and his point of view. In that way, along with leaders on both


sides, they helped to reach the decision to end the violence and


move towards democratic and peaceful ways of resolving disputes. Of


course he is a controversial figure. Many would say he had blood on his


hands. Whilst you were in the process of negotiating with him


during the years leading up to the Good Friday Agreement did you ever


discuss his past actions with him? I never discussed past actions with


Martin or any other participant in the Northern Ireland peace process.


Many of them were in a similar circumstance. The problem was, they


were embedded in the past. I was trying to get them to look to the


future. The last thing I wanted to do was to get them focus on and


talking about the past when I was trying to get them to talk about the


future. But this transformation from leader of the IRA, as somebody who


have been convicted in the 70s for crimes related to the IRA and


actions related to the IRA committed being seen today is one of the key


peacemakers, I think that is what people struggle with in Martin


McGuinness personally? Were you convinced that was a genuine


transition and had really been made? You'll occur I did not make


judgments of that kind. What I did was tackle each problem on a daily


basis. Participate and try to get them to look forward and understand


that whatever the circumstances of the Democratic peaceful future work,


they would be better than returning to the conflict that had dominated


society. Martin McGuinness accepted that challenge was instrumental in


bringing his community and his side along in the peace process. That is


why I think he will be remembered. I think that the ultimate, iconic


picture of the Northern Ireland peace process will be Ian Paisley as


the First Minister of Northern Ireland, Martin McGuinness as Deputy


First Minister, embracing each other, serving the people of


Northern Ireland through a democratic process and appearing to


enjoy each other at the same time. Art lovers in Amsterdam


are celebrating the return, and re-hanging of two paintings


by Vincent van Gogh. The images, a seascape,


and a depiction of a church attended by the artist's father,


were stolen in 2002 on the orders They were found last year


during a police raid in Naples. The BBC's Anna Holligan has


more from Amsterdam. After 14 years and a traumatic


journey, the paintings Now protected by thick screens,


they're not taking any chances. Two early works by one


of the Netherlands' We have no idea what happened


to them in the intervening years. In this beach view, a small


piece in the lower left But it does not really disturb


the image as such too much, and the small church


is practically unharmed. It took opportunist thieves less


than four minutes to break in through the roof using


a rope and sledgehammer, rip the paintings from the nearest


wall with brutal force, and escape before the police


arrived, leaving a hole Italian police arrested


two men in 2016. They'd been investigating


allegations of drug trafficking, but apparently one detainee


confessed that the network The Italian authorities


were proud of their work. These two works are of vast historic


and sentimental value. The Sea View at Scheveningen is one


of only two seascapes painted by Van Gogh during his time


in the Netherlands. The wind was so blustery that day it


blew tiny grains of sand The Congregation Leaving


the Reformed Church in Nuenen was a gift for Van Gogh's mother


after she'd broken her leg. He changed it after his father


died to include images The museum is deliberately


displaying the paintings as they were found, with slight


damage representing Now, anticipating the moment they're


back in the admiring public eye. inside the Van Gogh


museum in Amsterdam. That is it. You can find plenty more


on the website. And to reach me and most of the BBC


team simply go to Twitter - For all of us here at


World News America, thank you for watching and please


tune in tomorrow. More spring sunshine on the way by


the weekend and into next week as well. On Tuesday we seem to jump


back into winter.


In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.

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