24/03/2017 BBC World News America


In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.

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This is BBC world news America, reporting from Washington. High


drama on the Hill, Republicans pull the vote on their health care bill


at the last minute after failing to win enough support for it to pass.


Revealing and replacing the former administration's plan was a key


promise of President Trump and his party, where do they go from here?


Obamacare is exploding, with no Democrat support we could not quite


get there, small number of votes short. More arrests in connection to


the London terror attack, as police try to establish whether Khalid


Masood acted alone or not. Welcome to our viewers on public


television, in America, and also around the globe. It has been a day


of extraordinary political drama on Capitol Hill, as the Republicans


tried and failed to put their health care legislation to a vote, early


morning, the big question was, did they have the support to get the


bill across the line? After intense last-minute discussions between


speaker Paul Ryan and Donald Trump, just minutes before the planned


vote, the president called the speaker and told them to pull it. A


little earlier, Donald Trump had this to say: we had no Democrat


support, no votes from the Democrats, they were not going to


give us a single vote, so it is a very difficult thing to do. I have


been saying for the last year and a half, the best thing we can do


politically speaking is let Obamacare explode, it is exploding


right now. Many state have big problems, almost all states have big


problems. I was in Tennessee the other day, they have lost half of


their estate in terms of no insurance, that is happening to many


other places. I was in Kentucky's the other day, similar things are


happening. Obamacare is exploding. So, Obamacare has exploded. With no


Democrat support, we could not quite get there, we were a very small


number of votes short in terms of getting our bill passed. Up on


Capitol Hill, this is what the speaker of the house Paul Ryan had


to say. I will not sugar-coat this, this is a disappointing day for us,


doing big things is hard. All of us, all of us, myself included, will


need time to reflect on how we got to this moment, what we could have


done to do it better, but ultimately, this all comes down to a


choice, are all of us willing to give a little to get something done?


Willing to say yes to the very good, even if it is not the perfect? BBC


have been following all the developments up on Capitol Hill,


extraordinary day, President Trump effectively trying to blame the


Democrats but this is his Republican party at war with itself? After a


day of drama, a week of drama, after bringing the vote to the brink,


there is defeat and disappointment, both for the Republican party and


for the president themselves. For the Republicans, they have been


talking about repealing and replacing Obamacare for the last


seven years but in the end, they could not agree how they would


replace it, and what they would replace it with. Moderates said the


reforms went too far, leaving too many people without insurance. The


Conservatives believe that this bill did not go far enough. They wanted


more of the health care reforms brought in by Barack Obama repealed.


Brought back. The two sides could not find a consensus. It is an


embarrassing setback for the Republicans because at the first


time of asking, the first time they had a chance to put something


through the house, they have failed. And it is embarrassing for the


president, he may want to blame the Democrats, he is Donald Trump, he


wrote the art of the Deal, he prides himself on making deals, and when it


came to the first political deal, he has failed at it. -- The Art of the


Deal. Is that it as far as any health care bill will be promoted?


It seems they want to leave it in place for now, they will move on to


tax reform, to other things. Just as President Trump's ultimatum


promised, he said, vote for change or there will be no change. It seems


they will leave Obamacare in place. When it comes to that, Democrats are


scratching their head, they know and they have said that the bill needs


nurturing, not neglect. They know that there is problems within


Obamacare, for some, insurance premiums are rocketing, for others,


they are losing the joys of health care they would like. They know the


bill is not perfect, how both sides work together to find some way of


creating a health care that works for all, your guess is as good as


mine. For more on the politics at play here, I spoke a little earlier


to the Republican strategist, John Christie, former adviser to George W


bush. This was an organising principle of


the Republican Party, this was a campaign pledge by Donald Trump, how


much of a setback or disaster is this for him? It is a very big


disappointment for the president of the United States, who has


campaigned vigorously, and said that the first thing he wanted to do with


the Republican Congress was find a way to repeal the Affordable Care


Act. The signature legislation of Barack Obama. We have seen a flurry


of activity, up the last couple of hours, Republicans confident they


had the vote. Paul Ryan, at the insistence of the president, pulled


the bill. Big disappointment, no way to sugar-coat this, the Republicans


had seven years and today they blew it. It shows open warfare within the


party. Paul Ryan describes it as growing pains of being in


government, is that how you would describe it? No, I would call it a


disaster, what the Republicans were trying to do yesterday was the


seventh year anniversary of the day that Barack Obama signed the


Affordable Care Act into law, Republicans wanted to find a way to


put a bill in the House of Representatives floor to begin the


repeal process, what they forgot along the way is, in the art of


negotiation, The Art of the Deal, they needed to cobble together a


coalition of the most conservative members as well as some of the more


moderate members, people from New York City, Philadelphia, big urban


areas. The white and the house work focusing on Conservative members, at


their peril and at their neglect, they forgot you need 216 votes to


pass, unfortunately for them, they did not get enough Republicans,


knowing that no Democrat would join them. Who will take the rap? Can


Paul Ryan survived question not he is in great shape! He is the one


person more trusted than anybody else in the house of Representatives


by the Conservatives and the moderates and frankly even by the


Democrats, at the end, he is fine, his speakership is not in peril. If


I were to be a betting person and look down the line, the person right


beneath him, Kevin McCarthy, House Majority Leader, and right under


him, the house majority whip, the person in charge of counting the


votes, I think a lot of finger wagging, why couldn't the folks in


leadership whose responsibility it is to deliver the votes, why could


deliver? The money was going to be deliver? The money was going to be


saved and spent on other things, the tax reform as well, this does not


give any traction or momentum to the Trump administration. In fact they


were looking at $900 billion of revenue that they were going to


spend over the next ten is for Republican priorities in health


care. Now they have to go back to the drawing board, the question is,


when they get in the room, when they shut the door, when they lock the


door, what can they find consensus on, what can Republicans and the


conservative faction and the moderate faction and importantly


working with the Senate and the president come together and find a


consensus to bring to the President's signature, at this


juncture, I don't see that coming any time soon. Final question, what


would your advice be, now, then, to visit ministration? My advice is


simply this, the next time that Republicans seek to put a major


piece of legislation on the floor, let's talk with the entire caucus


first, talk with United States Senate members and see what is in


the realm the possible, what are they able to do, what horse trading


needs to take place, so that this kind of embarrassment and inability


to govern for the American people, because it looks bad from optics


perspective, does not happen again. Thank you very much. British police


say that they have made two more significant arrests as they try to


establish whether the man who launched the attack this Wednesday


in London was working alone or with others. 11 people have now been


arrested, detectives have also released the first image of the


attacker. 52-year-old Khaled Mashud. -- Khaled Mashud.


The face of Khalid Masood, the face that confronted police


The face that looked out of the car at pedestrians


The 52-year-old was known by a number of names.


Born Adrian Elms in Kent, by the time he was at this boys'


secondary school in Tunbridge Wells, he was called Adrian Ajao


School friends remembered him as a sporty pupil who liked


Adrian was a very nice lad, a fun guy, always laughing,


always joking, worked reasonably hard, good at sport,


But Masood was soon developing a reputation for violence.


In this sleepy Sussex village, where he lived in his 20s,


at the local pub he slashed a man in the face with a knife


Didn't have a very good reputation, definitely.


I remember he was a bit of a troubled character,


I think would be the way to describe it.


A family friend said this wasn't the only time he turned violent.


The chap was looking at him, and I was just sitting at the pool


table, and he took umbrage against the landlord


for looking at him like he was, and he flew over the bar,


he got a glass, he was going to do him.


Khalid Masood spent time in three prisons.


Around ten years ago, he worked in Saudi Arabia.


It's not clear when he converted to Islam, but he started


using the surname Masood at least 11 years ago.


His mother now lives in a remote farmhouse in Camarthenshire,


They haven't been in any sort of contact with their son


for well over 20 years, from what I understand.


And when it comes to terrorism, unfortunately, nobody can be


responsible for the action of their children.


Masood, we now know, launched his terror attack


after staying overnight at a hotel in Brighton.


untroubled by what he was about to do,


that he was about to leave his hotel room,


He was joking and smiling and friendly.


He was a lovely guest, and we even put comments


There was nothing in his conduct or demeanour that would have


given me a feeling that there was something weird about this guy.


And he's just on his way to commit mass murder.


Detectives have searched the hotel, and there have been


In Manchester, a car was taken away by police in Didsbury.


Two arrests described by senior officers as significant were made


The police are still trying to build a picture of the man who came


They say their main aim now is to try and work out


if he was acting alone, inspired by terrorist propaganda,


or if there are others still out there who encouraged him,


supported or even directed this attack.


But it's clear there are still gaps in the police's knowledge.


We are appealing to the public today to say, if even in hindsight now


you realise something about Khalid Masood,


something about his associates, his movements, his planning,


now is the time to come forward and speak to our officers.


A bright student, turned violent man, turned terrorist.


STUDIO: Still to come on tonight's programme: oil, Arabic issues and


the American way, how a new play at Washington's Kennedy Centre brings


these things together around a petrol station. It has been one of


the most contentious issues in Washington right now and multiple


investigations have been launched into alleged Russian interference in


the US residential election. Or the campaign chairman of Hillary


Clinton's failed bid, it is an issue that gets close to home. John


Podesta has accused the FBI of double standards, following the


agency director James Comey going public about his enquiry into


Hillary Clinton's hacked e-mails days before the vote without


mentioning any possible Russian role. We asked him if he was


suspicious during the campaign. Of course we thought that was going on


for some time! And we argued to the press that they needed to look at


that, they needed to dig into that and uncover it. But it was a


revelation that the FBI was looking at that as early as now evidently


they were. One more trip in something that I have been highly


critical of the bureau about, which is the double standard they applied


in this campaign. The intervention, the number of resources they spent,


scores of FBI agents that they had, poring over Hillary Clinton's e-mail


server, which the FBI director ultimately concluded was not even a


close call, nothing worth prosecuting; compare to the


engagement on the Russian side his intervention just 11 days before the


election, the Clinton investigation, total silence with respect to the


Russian intervention, and now, the potential collusion between the


Trump campaign and the Russian actors. That was really a double


standard that is still inextricable Tumi. You are very calm about this


but... No, I am very angry about it, I just learned to appear calm! -- to


me. In Syria, the military battle to


defeat so-called Islamic state in their home base of Raqqa is gaining


ground, earlier this month, Syrian forces backed by Russian and Iranian


allies recaptured pal Meera, for the second time in the past year, chief


international correspondent travels to the iconic city, to see the


aftermath of Islamic State. -- Palmyra.


VOICEOVER: Palmyra, Roman ruins, precious world heritage, I is has


occupied this site twice in the past two years, their last target, the


Roman theatre, a stage for grisly executions, slitting throats,


shooting soldiers and civilians here. -- IS. Islamic State has lost


this prize and ground beyond here to the Syrian military backed by its


allies. Palmyra matters, but the battles


which lie ahead, including Raqqa - the IS's self-declared capital -


matter more, and are And that's because confronting


IS in Syria means confronting Are the West and countries in this


region now willing to work with President Assad and his Russian


and Iranian allies to In the basement of a deserted


building we are shown what's called And the paper trail


of its brutal rule. were thrown from the top


of a building, The city of Palmyra next


to the ancient site is a ghost town. People fled IS and the ferocious


fighting here, including Syrian This is where some of


the displaced have taken refuge. including this woman


and her five children. She remembers the exact moment


when IS fighters came to her door. TRANSLATION: It was a quarter


to five in the morning. I opened the door and saw


men shouting at me. They came in and took


my husband and niece. I was told they chopped


off his head. They took my nephew,


who was only 15. She doesn't know how


her family will cope. IS no longer occupies their home,


but it's dark shadow STUDIO: You are watching BBC world


news America. A new play by one of the world's leading contemporary


Arabic makers is having a world premiere at the Kennedy Centre in


Washington. It is the story about migrants, statelessness, war,


refugees, and oil. The author, whose usual troupe of actors come from


actors that are part of the presidential travel ban, is using


American actors this time. I spoke with Sulayman al Bassam. .


It is a play set on a desolate border, the theme is Arabic but


performed by an all-American cast. When we appropriate the American


idiom through the company of American actors... It is not so far


away. These themes around migrant workers and borders and identity,


and power, power relations, take on a resonance that is very


contemporary in today's America. Onstage, two colliding worlds, this,


fighter, -- this is performed in the style of American gospel. So what is


the relevance of Arabic political theatre in today's America? I have a


great relationship with blacks... I think that the theatre, in these


Times has crucibles of dissent, and as crucibles of truth. -- and as


crucibles of truth. Arts organisations today fear to be


perceived as taking a position against the current administration,


that is palpable. Petrol station, intended by its


author to be theatre that challenges and explores the divisions and


similarities between America and the Middle East.


What a day of political back and forth it has been on Capitol Hill.


They have been talking about this for seven years, repealing


Obamacare, it should have been something that could unite the


Republican party, tearing it up root and branch, in the words of Senator


Mitch McConnell, but sending it to Barack Obama over the past few years


and having its veto, here was their chance, both chambers, the


presidency, this was their first hurdle to get it on the President's


desk, but they stumbled over it, fell on their faces, could not get


it through. At one stage, it looked like President Trump would tough it


out, that this road would happen and win or fail, we will have the vote.


Interesting strategy, something they started last night, basically


putting down a marker and saying, this will happen, a way of getting


the members of Congress who were wavering off the fence and committed


to it, they stuck by it thinking they would be able to push it


through, but the more they push and negotiate with the right-wingers on


one side and the moderates on the other, they kept pulling it farther


apart, and people broke. Barzagli, the president directly rings two


national newspaper reporter. The Washington post, Robert Cosco,


apparently, with no announcement, picked up his phone, had Donald


Trump on the other line, and he said, we have pulled the bill. Not


even through the switchboard, it was from his cell phone! He was dealing


what -- detailing what was being said, that this was the full that


the Democrats, that they did not work with them, even though there is


40 formal Republicans in the house, rather than Democrats. -- Robert


Costa. Maybe jumping the gun on Paul Ryan, who was about to have a press


conference. 64 days in, this was the main legislative thing that he was


going to do, plenty more down the line, the momentum, where is it?


It's definitely hurts momentum, undermines authority and reputation


as a deal-maker, he said that he was the close, his press secretary said


that he was the closer, coming in to seal the deal, he came in and said


that was going to happen. How many deals as he closed? As president, he


has not close any, this was his first big legislative test, where it


goes from now, he said in comments this afternoon that it is going to


be tax reform, that he wants to focus on that, that is more


complicated because there are tax components in health care reform


that have to be dealt with in order to deal with taxes as a bigger


package. America left with Obamacare. Thank you very much. That


is the end of today's show. You will find much more on the day 's news on


the website. Have a great weekend. We will see you on Monday at the


same time. Lets see what the weather is up to


over the next few days, and we have been promising fine weather this


weekend, and indeed, that


In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.

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