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Beyond One Hundred Days.
Facebook lost control of its users'
data and failed to tackle
the vulnerabilities in its system.
The man formerly in charge
of policing data breaches
at Facebook tells a committee
of British MPs he had
warned senior figures
at the company - but was ignored.
Facebook approached data
like it was "the Wild West frontier"
claims Sandy Parakilas,
and the amount of data that left
Facebook he says was "vast".
Is Russia's World Cup
games really comparable
to Hitler's Munich Olympics?
Boris Johnson says it is,
prompting outrage from Moscow.
I think the comparison
with 1936 is certainly right.
Also on the programme.
The pornstar, the Playmate,
and the reality TV
contestant - President Trump
could be facing three
As if he didn't have enough legal
issues to deal with.
And the US housing secretary
who bought a $31,000
dining room set for his office last
year - it wasn't my fault, he says.
Blame my wife.
Get in touch with us
using the hashtag
Hello I'm Katty Kay
in Washington, Christian
Fraser is in London.
Facebook had a "wild west" approach
to users' data and little interest
in making sure profiles were used
appropriately - that's according
to a former Facebook employee who's
been testifying before
a parliamentary committee.
Sandy Parakalis worked on data
protection at the company
from 2011 to 2012 and has now
become a whistleblower.
He told MPs for years data had been
leaving the Facebook service and
going to an unfettered group of
people. He said it was a risk the
company was willing to take in order
to grow the platform as quickly as
With that the affair
analogy for the way Facebook
approached data, like the wild west
So the approach to that,
the wild West is an appropriate
analogy for top all this coming from
the fallout that was the Cambridge
Analytica took millions of profiles
from Facebook and used them to sway
support for the Trump campaign.
is Simon Jack.
The pressure on Mark Zuckerberg
is growing to give his version
of how the personal data
of 50 million Facebook users ended
up with a consultancy that worked
on the successful election campaign
of Donald Trump and was secretly
filmed boasting of their influence.
The Cambridge academic who came up
with the original app says
he is stunned by the controversy.
Never in our wildest dreams did
we think anything we did would be
used in the Donald Trump campaign.
This is 2014.
Well before anybody would
think Mr Trump would be
a serious candidate.
So at the time, I didn't
know who their clients
were going to be and I did not know
the specific case.
I did know it was going to be used
for political purposes
but beyond that, yes,
it was well above my pay grade.
I should have asked!
Although he did sign an undertaking
that is migratory was from research
-- his app was for research only
and would never be used
for commercial purposes.
The implication in the story
is democracy has somehow
been undermined and that drew
a political response today.
The allegations are clearly very
concerning and it is absolutely
right that they should be
investigated, it is right
that the Information Commissioner
is doing exactly that,
because people need to have
confidence in how their personal
data is being used.
So how much are we, as consumers,
to blame for surrendering
the facts of our lives?
The conservation we should be having
is, what happens to our data,
how much are we comfortable
to share, who with, and what we
think about how that is done?
So this feels to me like a real
light bulb moment where people
are understanding that it is not
just clicking like on Facebook,
you are giving data away.
So far, this scandal has
cost Facebook, whose
London headquarters are there,
$50 billion in market value
and untold reputational damage.
The Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg
has been silent and he will speak
tonight , but how much
he and should he take for the misuse
of his own customers data?
Cambridge Analytica have always
denied they used the harvested data
in the Trump campaign
and deny any wrongdoing.
Mark Zuckerberg will need a better
statement than that.
Well Facebook have been talking to
committees on Capitol Hill.
Joaquin Castro sits
on the House Intelligence committee
- which Cambridge Analytica's former
CEO testified before and then mocked
in the Channel 4 expose on the firm.
He joined me from capitol
hill a short time ago.
So Congressmen Castro,
you have had members of Facebook's
staff coming to speak to people
on the Intel committee
on Capitol Hill today.
Are you getting any more answers
from them than we have had so far
about what was going
on in their role in terms
of their users data being used
in political campaigns?
Well, of course I cannot speak
directly to what they told us
before the committees.
But I can tell you there
are still a lot of unanswered
questions we have about for example
how many different groups may have
got access to the same data that
Cambridge Analytica God.
Whether Cambridge Analytica
to the best of Facebook's knowledge
shared that information
with any other groups.
And what safeguards they put
in place now to prevent that
from happening in the future.
Do you think Facebook
realises the seriousness
now of this situation?
I think they have come a long way
from where they started
right after the election,
where of course their CEO
and executives really denied that
Facebook as a platform was abused
or misused in any way.
I think it has become very clear
that if they are going to continue
to be a news source,
a major news source
in the United States
and around the world,
that they are going to have
to safeguard their platform a lot
better than they have.
They sat on this information that
Cambridge Analytica had 50,000,000
users profiles for 2 years.
So what prompted the change of heart
on the part of the company?
I think all of the revelations that
have come out, the wonderful
journalism that has been done,
the reporting, about exactly how
the platform was misused,
I think also the investigations that
have been conducted in public
and in classified settings.
Or not classified, our investigation
actually was not classified
but in a sensitive setting.
So you know, all that work I think
has been helpful in getting Facebook
to come to the table and realise
that they have a role to play
in helping to protect
At one point in the latest report
from Channel 4 News,
one of the members and I think
it was Alexander Nix, says,
we went to speak to members
of Congress but frankly,
you know what, they didn't even know
what questions to ask us.
They were ignorant, they did not
understand the technology.
Is that a fair representation of why
it has taken lawmakers not just
on this side of the Atlantic
but in the UK as well,
so long to address this issue?
I think part of the challenge
we have had was some witnesses not
being honest and not being candid
and they have played hide the ball.
I would put Alexander Nix in that
category and the problem has been
that when we have asked questions
the majority on the committee
which is controlled by Republicans,
have been unwilling to issue any
kind of subpoena or phone records
or computer records or travel
records to verify what has been told
to us or to contradict anything that
has been told to us.
When I watch these two
reports, I came away,
and it sounds kind of grandiose,
with the impression that Western
democracy has fundamentally changed.
The way votes are cast,
the way elections are won or lost
has changed significantly.
In a way that is worrying.
That kind of degrades the concept
of one person, one vote.
Is that too extreme, or is
that the direction we're heading in?
I think the big concern
that many of us have
is that for bad actors,
whether it is a Russian
operative placing Facebook
ads, fake Facebook ads,
or Cambridge Analytica,
social media has become the perfect
platform for their propaganda.
And social, we are in a full
social media age now.
Where people get more
of their information
from the social media companies
than from the traditional sources
in broadcasting and print.
And so to the extent that these
platforms can be abused
and are being abused,
that is a big hit for our democracy.
Congressmen Castro, thank you very
much for joining us.
We are in a full social media age.
A fairly terrifying thought.
Does Vladimir Putin have
something in common
with Adolf Hitler?
Britain's foreign secretary
seems to think so.
Boris Johnson said today
the Russian President will use this
year's world cup tournament the same
way the Nazi leader used the 1936
Berlin Olympics - for propaganda.
In return Russia's foreign
ministry spokeswoman said
Mr Johnson is "poisoned with hatred
and anger" adding that she found
it frightening that he
represents a nuclear power.
As you can see,
relations are not good.
This war of words follows
the expulsion yesterday of 23
Russsian diplomats -
and the same number of British
diplomats will be leaving
Moscow any day now.
How much worse will it get?
Mr Johnson has been taking
questions from the Foreign
Affairs Select Committee.
He feels Russia lost
out and so he wants to
cause trouble wherever he can.
A desire for the world
to take Russia
at all, at any price.
And of course his principal
audience for this is not us.
It is his domestic audience.
Who want, after what
they see as all these
humiliations, who want to feel that
Russia is strong again.
And it is ruled by someone
who is strong and
capable of expressing his strength
and his desire for revenge.
Even in a place like Salisbury.
The Labour MP Ian Austin also raised
concerns around this
summer's football World Cup
in Russia making comparisons
with Hitler's 1936 Berlin Olympics.
They got the right to stage
the World Cup clearly through
Putin's going to use it the way
Hitler used the 1936
The idea of Putin handing over the
world to the captain of the winning
team fills me with horror.
I'm afraid that's completely right.
The idea of Putin using this as a PR
exercise to gloss over the corrupt
regime for which he is responsible
fills me with horror.
The Russians are still
denying any involvement
in the attack on former spy
Sergei Skripal, and now
they're even more enraged,
because the UK's ambassador
to Russia did not attend a meeting
in Moscow about the nerve
agent that was used.
The Kremlin says it's another
example of Britain refusing
to listen to its answers.
Now Moscow is even suggesting
Britain may itself be
behind the poisoning.
The basic logic here reveals just
two possible options.
The British government
either is not capable
of defending its country from such
a - let's say - terror
attack on their territory
or they are directly or indirectly -
I'm not accusing anyone of anything
- staged an attack on a Russian
In the last few minutes the Foreign
and Commonwealth Office has
responded saying a British embassy
representative attending the
briefing and received no credible
explanation. In contrast to Russia
it continues, the UK is fully
compliant with its obligations under
the Chemical Weapons Convention with
the experts are returning to the UK
to collect samples. While I was
looking at Twitter I spotted this
from President Trump. He was pretty
angry about the media response to
his call yesterday with President
Putin. The fake news media is
crazed, they're wrong, getting along
with Russia and others is a good
thing not a bad thing. He is
responding to a report in the
Washington Post today, a leak of the
briefing notes he was given before
Yes, President Trump was
given briefing notes before his call
President Putin yesterday and
according to the Washington Post in
those notes, in capital letters, it
was written, do not congratulate.
And what does he do, he goes ahead
to congratulate him. We do not know
if he ignored the briefing, had not
read it, but it seems his cross
about the fact there was some kind
of leak because it is all over the
media. But not just the president
who responded to this, a group of
senators were up on Capitol Hill
yesterday and giving a briefing
about another issue and they were
asked by a journalist about resonant
Trump congratulating resident Putin
put up here is their answer.
talking about connection integrity.
Could you comment on the idea
that the president today
called Vladimir Putin
to congratulate him on winning his
That is all for. Time for lunch.
is the speed of the leak and
sensitivity that has angered the
cheese of staff. Dashed chief of
staff. Because it came from a close
number of people in the Oval Office.
It seems someone on the national
security side did not like the fact
that resident Trump congratulated
Vladimir Putin and wanted it to be
known they think it is a bad idea.
So they went ahead and leaks the
fact that the president had been
briefed not to make that
congratulatory statement at the
beginning of the call. The president
clearly is going to do exactly what
it wants to do and I'm hearing there
is something of a witchhunt going on
inside the White House at the moment
to try to find out who is
responsible. As we've just suggested
he has quite a lot of headaches at
the moment. Legal headaches as well.
There's the Mueller probe,
and then there are the women.
This week the spotlight has turned
on Mr Trump's personal
life and there seems to be some risk
of legal problems.
Here's where we are today.
The porn star, the Playmate,
and reality TV contestant.
Three women putting
pressure on Donald Trump.
Stephanie Clifford goes by the stage
name Stormy Daniels.
Stormy is what she
could be for the White
She says she had an affair
with Trump in 2006.
And a few weeks before
the 2016 election, his
paid her $130,000.
Stormy's tough LA lawyer says
she was physically threatened
and warned to keep silent.
Mr Trump denies the relationship.
But in a polygraph test
that she chose to take in 2011,
she answered, yes,
to these questions.
Actually, I'm going to pass on even
reading these aloud.
As Miss Daniels herself recently
tweeted, technically, I didn't sleep
with the POTUS 12 years ago.
There was no sleeping.
I'm not going anywhere.
Mr Trump was allegedly busy in 2006
because that was the year Karen
McDougal, a Playboy model, also
claims to have been having an affair
In 2016 Miss McDougall was also
paid, $150,000, by tabloid
paper which never published her
account of the affair.
Now Karen McDougal wants
a court to declare
that agreement null and void -
she says she was tricked into
The third woman is Summer Servos.
Summer was a contestant
on the Apprentice in 2007.
When, she says, Mr Trump groped her
and kissed her against her will.
The Trump campaign, branded her
and other women as liars.
Now she has filed
a lawsuit saying that was
defamation and heard her business.
On Tuesday, the New York judge
dismissed the President's claim that
he is immune from being sued
because he is, well, the president.
It is a heap of possible
legal headaches for
the president and a heap
of uncomfortable explaining to his
And with us now is Wendy
Murphy - a professor
at the New England School of Law.
Thank you for joining us. Either
legal implications for Donald Trump
concerning these women?
Oh yes. I do
not even know where to begin. There
are two lawsuits filed against him
in California. Both of them asking
not for money but to avoid the
contracts that they signed agreeing
to stay silent about their affairs
with him in exchange for money.
Another lawsuit, filed in New York,
is a defamation lawsuit and as we
just heard, the judge has allowed
the lawsuit to go forward on the
grounds that the president just
because he's the President, is not
immune from lawsuits for private
conduct. And of course the
defamation claim alleges private
conduct, claims that he made that
the woman was a liar and publicly at
a time when he was knocked President
of the United States, he said that
and that reference to private
behaviour. So he has tremendous
exposure. It remains to be seen...
If you are advising President Trump
at the moment, how nervous do you
think he should be?
I think he has
the most significant exposure with
regards to some laws that are not
exactly up front and centre in the
lawsuit and that has to do with
campaign finance laws. In the United
States there are very strict
campaign finance laws that control
the money that is spent to affect a
candidate, to affect his campaign
and they include money spent for
private contracts and private debts.
So although it has not yet become a
problem for the president in a legal
sense there is a concern that the
payments he made to the women to
keep silent were made for the
purpose of influencing his election.
And his defence thus far which is
why it did have not been any charges
yet, has come from his lawyer
Michael Cohen has said publicly
earlier in the year that money spent
in particular with regards to Stormy
Daniels, would have been spent in of
his candidacy. If that is true then
there will not be a campaign finance
violation problem. But the more
money he has spent...
I was just
going to say, for Bill Clinton it
was not so much to be a fair about
the lie. And here comes the problem,
if the special Counsel sits down
with him and if he goes down this
line of questioning and says did
Michael Cohen handover money for a
nondisclosure agreement, he has to
answer the question and in that
situation it is a Catch-22.
that was going to be my second point
about his legal exposure that we
have not yet seen. The so-called
perjury trap because remember the
president has already said publicly
that he did not have affairs with
these women and the woman who is
accused him of sexual assault is
lying. So he is on record as having
disclaimed those reports and if he
does have to submit to a deposition
or answer questions in discovery,
the discovery process during any of
these lawsuits, he will be in a very
difficult position. And if he lies
under oath that is itself a crime, a
prosecutable crime. You can lie to
the public, that is not a crime but
you cannot lie under oath.
very much for joining us.
is saying to me here, three civil
lawsuits, president facing
allegations of extramarital sex,
sexual harassment, threatening
behaviour, if this were other
president, he would be in serious
Yes and there are quite
right, he would be and this would be
the story that dominated every
headline in the country for weeks.
Just as it did with Bill Clinton.
But they did not elect him as a
paragon of virtue.
They knew what
they were getting and even
evangelicals in the country signed
up to what they're getting and I
think Donald Trump is counting on
that. They knew what they were
getting, and so people will not turn
against me. The issue is that Donald
Trump, his support among women and
particularly amongst white college
educated women, has collapsed since
the last election, it has slumped.
But more voted for him than Hillary
That is true but that has
reversed now and he is negative with
these women. If they hear the story
that he had affairs with all these
women and not just affairs but had
affair just after his own wife had
given birth to their child, I do not
know. I'm not sure how well that
would go down with a lot of married
women. It is sensitive timing, I do
not think they will like that. I
think it could be a political
problem for him. Some other news of
Boko Haram militants have
reportedly returned most
of the schoolgirls abducted
in northeast Nigeria in February.
Parents say the insurgents drove
into the town of Dapchi
in a convoy and dropped off at least
76 students outside the school.
Local media is reporting the girls
are "exhausted and underfed".
It's feared five of the 110 students
kidnapped may have died.
Members of Kosovo's opposition
party have thrown tear
gas canisters in parliament,
to try to stop a controversial
vote going ahead.
MPs were about to vote
on a border agreement
with Montenegro, which would help
Kosovo gain visa-free travel
to the European Union,
but the opposition party
is against it.
It's not the first time
they've used tear gas
in parliament to stop the vote -
other protests have lead to street
clashes with police.
Here's a question...let's just say
you made an expensive
purchase, charged it
to your employer and then
publicly blamed your wife -
how popular would you be at home?
Because that's exactly how Ben
Carson, the United States Secretary
of Housing and Urban Development,
has defended the purchase
of a 31,000 dollar dining
set for his office.
Mr Carson has said that he left it
up to his wife Candy
to pick out the furniture,
which includes a table,
chairs and sideboard.
Officials from Mr Carson's
department have said
the pre-existing table was 50 years
old, falling apart and
unable to be repaired.
I have some sympathy for him, not
for throwing his wife under the
proverbial bus but in my household,
I'm not actually on the acquisitions
committee. I am a on the budget
committee in a consultative role,
but it has been set in our household
when it comes to soft furnishings,
it is not my strong suit.
I think I
am with your wife on that.
Carson is not your favourite person.
I'm not popular with Ben Carson.
Let's take a quick trip down memory
line. The real reason women who have
been sexually abused and come
forward to talk about the stories is
precisely this, but all too often
they are accused of being liars. Are
you saying these are dying?
your characterisation because you
need to characterise it that way to
try to make me the bad guy.
It is a
Stop, stop. Can you turn
her microphone off?
I'm just going
to turn your microphone off!
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers
on the BBC News Channel
and BBC World News...
The European Commission has proposed
that large tech companies should pay
but the call of their share of tax
for the EU countries would collect
tax on profits generated within
their territories regardless of
where a company is actually
headquartered according to the new
That's still to come.
Over the next few days it looks like
the weather will be mostly behaving
in cell. There will be some rain
around but no surprises on the
horizon. On the short term no frost
on the way tonight for most. This
morning we had a frost and Thursday
morning is likely to look different.
You can see the clouds lifting out
of the South, a south westerly wind
blowing in our direction. So
remaining quite mild into Thursday.
Friday looks as if it is going to
cold of a little bit. -- to cool
off. As far as Wednesday night into
Thursday's concerned a lot of dry
weather. Just the chance that across
some south-western areas there could
be some frost out in the
countryside. That is ready much it
for most of us Thursday morning
temperatures hovering around five or
6 degrees. Potentially even 7
degrees across eastern parts of
Scotland. Belfast, around 4 degrees
breast thing. This is what we expect
to happen during the morning, the
cloud increasing across western
areas. We expect rain in Belfast at
the time we get to the early
afternoon. Some rain also in the
Western Isles. But the bulk of the
country should have a fine day. Hazy
skies and temperatures getting up to
around 12 or 13 degrees. The jet
stream keeps on moving weather
systems in our direction. This
illustrates what the jet stream is,
you have the warm and the cold side.
The cold air always to the north. We
will have temporarily some milder
weather on Thursday. Maybe slightly
cooler heading into Friday. That
shift in the wind direction coming
out of the North West. So maybe some
wintry showers across the hills of
Scotland. And single figure
temperatures. In the south in the
sunshine temperatures around 12
degrees. Saturday a lot of bright
weather, hazy across much of England
but sunshine around as well. The
showers continue across Scotland,
some of those wintry across the
hills. That is very much it. Thanks
This is Beyond 100 Days,
with me Katty Kay in Washington.
Christian Fraser's in London.
Our top stories:
Pressure grows on Facebook founder
Mark Zuckerberg as US and UK
lawmakers demand answers over how
personal data from 50 million users
was accessed by Cambridge Analytica.
I think part of the challenge that
we've had with some witnesses
is that they've not been honest
and they've not been candid,
and they've played hide the ball.
Bridgen's foreign Secretary has
agreed that Russia's World Cup this
year will be like Adolf Hitler's
Olympics. Said it was silly to think
of climate to Putin glorified in the
World Cup. And still to come in the
The bomber who terrorised Austin,
Texas for weeks is believed to have
been 23-year-old Mark Anthony
Police say he detonated
a device inside his car
Tech companies play a 3% tax on
their turnover in the EU.
Officials say the measures
are to ensure digital companies
pay their fair share of tax.
To Texas now, and the man accused
of a string of deadly bomb
attacks in Austin is dead.
He was killed by one
of his own devices, detonating it
as police closed in on the side
of a highway.
He was a 23-year-old
unemployed Texan man.
Police don't know why
he was planting bombs
in parcels around Austin,
and they don't know
what he was doing in the 24
hours before his death.
They are warning there could still
be undetonated bombs out there.
As a precaution, all buildings
within a five block radius
around his home are being evacuated.
Here's our correspondent,
Police closed in on the suspected
bomber in the early hours,
tracking him down to a hotel
north of Austin.
Whilst they waited for extra
back-up, he drove off and then
pulled into a ditch at the sight
of the road.
As the police approached his car,
he set off another bomb.
As members of the Boston Police
Department SWAT team
approached the vehicle,
the suspect detonated
a bomb inside the vehicle.
Knocking one of our SWAT officers
back, and one of our SWAT officers
fired at the suspect as well.
The suspect is deceased,
and has significant injuries
from a blast that occurred
from detonating a bomb
inside his vehicle.
CCTV in the past couple of days
appears to show the man believed
to be the suspect dropping off
a package at a FedEx office
in Southwest Austin.
He has not been named officially,
but thought to be a 23-year-old
called Mark Anthony Conditt.
He lived in Pflugerville,
just outside the city.
A school friend of the suspect I
spoke to didn't want to be
identified. What she said he seemed
like a normal boy.
definitely say that I am completely
surprised. I wouldn't have been this
shocked if it was somebody that I
didn't know, but seeing that this is
someone who I share memories with,
even though it is just a little bit,
is really crazy to me. I just know
that regardless of his personal
reasoning, it wasn't active evil and
it is not excusable -- it wasn't
Since the beginning of the month,
there have been six separate bombs,
five of which had its budget.
Two men have died, and half a dozen
have suffered serious injuries.
A number are still in hospital.
Police do not know the motive
of this bombing spree that
has terrorised Austin
for the last three weeks.
They are also telling the public
that they don't know
where the suspect has been
in the last 24 hours,
so there could still
be devices out there.
Gary O'Donoghue, BBC News, Austin,
After reports of Cambridge
Analytica's use of Facebook
user data came to light,
the DeleteFacebook hashtag
started to gain traction.
Not a huge surprise, perhaps.
But then Brian Acton tweeted this.
"It is time.
Hashtag delete facebook."
Mr Acton isn't just
any twitter user.
he's the co-founder of Whatsapp,
the company Facebook bought
in 2014 for $19 billion.
So if its time for him,
is it time for the rest of us?
Let's get the thoughts
of Paul Bernal, a lecturer
in Information Technology,
and Media Law at the University
of East Anglia School of Law.
Good to see you. Lots of people
asking me on to my timeline today
how we go about elites in our
personal information, should we want
to? Is it that easy?
doesn't make it easy for you at all.
I have been campaigning for people
to consider at least leaving
Facebook for more than five years
because actually what has happened
is, it shouldn't be a surprise, if
you've been paying attention to the
way that Facebook's business model
works. We shouldn't think of this
just in terms one event of Cambridge
Analytica manipulating data. This is
in essence how Facebook's business
model works. It profiles. It
analyses. It targets had been and
try to manipulate you. Usually
manipulating you to buy a different
product or use a different service.
But actually the mechanism is the
same as for political manipulation.
So yes, I would say people should be
considering deleting Facebook from
their system. The Facebook obviously
don't like that. And they make a
really rather difficult. You have to
follow a series of menus. They first
make you Diack the faded and think
about it for another 14 days. And
then finally when you press delete
it takes a never mind for it to go.
But they do provide a mechanism.
It's not just what is on your
Facebook profile. I was reading
today about an Austrian privacy
advocate, and he made an application
to Facebook in 2011 and they have
records, 1200 files in fact, of all
the IP addresses of the machine CD
used to access the site. A full
history of messages and chats, his
location, even the items that he
thought he deleted were on this
file. So they have everything.
they have everything. They have much
more than that as well. You have to
understand, they don't just have the
information that you put up about
yourself or the information that
they can mark out. For example they
keep all the information about
exactly which device you have used
to log onto Facebook, when, which
version of the software you're
using, all of that kind of stuff.
But they also have the information
they can derive from that. And they
can work out all kinds of things.
That is part of the biggest Raval
here. The sophistication of big data
analysis. It now means they can
derive all kinds of stuff about you
from the most mundane information.
You may think you are just answering
a few questions about which products
you like. They're able to derive
about your sexuality, your religion,
your political opinions and things
like that. You might be able to
delete some of that, but some of it
remains. And also other people put
up information about you. I don't
have a Facebook account, but my
relatives are putting up information
about you. I was tempted to delete
my Facebook account when Christian
decided that he was not going to
accept me as a friend, which was a
very difficult day for me. We are
all cut it, or should.
followers are going to miss me.
we are all gutted, Christine. Do you
think Facebook should be broken up?
Yes, I think in the end that is
going to be the only solution. But
it is very hard to do. It is a
double-edged sword here because I
want level it is the way that
Facebook puts everything together
that is the main attraction of it.
And then if you don't have it all in
one place it is not the same thing
at all. And we cannot forget that
Facebook is an incredibly useful
tool in a lot of ways for a lot of
people. So it is easy for some
people were in a relatively
privileged position to say yes, I
can delete Facebook. I didn't deal
with things in other ways. But in
some places it is much harder to do
that and for some people who are
more isolated or who run businesses,
it is much harder to do so. So what
we have to do is find a way to make
Facebook work without doing quite so
much damage to us. How we do that is
going to be very, very hard. Because
there are conflicting motives or
different regulators. In America for
example political speech is
protected. How can you stop them
doing political ads was backwards in
the UK, political ads are highly
Must leave you there.
Thank you very much.
If you're worried about the security
of your information on Facebook
we have some advice on how
to keep it safe.
Just go to our website
at bbC.com/news, where technology
reporter, Jane Wakefiled,
outlines the steps you can take
to protect your data.
I've been looking at it today and
it's well worth the read. Go and
have a look at that.
I thought I was
fascinating as you have deleted
yours, but everybody you know who
still has you on Facebook still has
information about you. It is really
hard to get this out of the system.
Dubious election tactics aren't
the only issue tech companies
are dealing with right now.
Amazon, Google and Facebook have
been accused of shifting profits
around the world to take advantage
of tax havens, or low
In Europe, they have paid a fraction
of the profit they have earned,
and the EU has had enough.
Today the Commission outlined
plans for a digital tax.
In future, tax will be raised
according to where the companies'
users are based not where
the company is based.
It will take time to design such
a tax, so in the meantime the EU
will introduce a 3% levy on those
tech companies with global
revenues over $900 million.
The European commissioner
responsible for taxation
is Pierre Moscovici.
There's no physical presence,
so the result is that as far
as we know, those companies
a something like 9% on tax,
while the rest of space 23%,
and there is a problem of level
playing field, a problem
of fairness and equity there,
and it cannot go on that way.
Those companies need
to pay their fair share of tax.
Should say before we go to our next
Our Economics Editors is in Brussels
for the announcement.
Mark Zuckerberg who has been a wall
has just said the company has made
mistakes on the hemorrhaging
political situation. He is very much
involved incidentally in the
background to rectifying the
problems, but he has not made a
public appearance, but he has just
said we did make mistakes when he
came to Cambridge Analytica. There
will be a lot of people who said it
wasn't just that particular company
either. Let's go to Brussels. Good
to see you. The digital tracks, the
point that Pierre is making here is
that they are trying to protect
their tax base in Europe. They have
tax loss which really fitted the
Right. Tags was really
built from the 20th century, to tax
businesses in terms of where they
were physically -based, literally
bricks and mortar. So if a business
was headquartered in a company you
went and bought things from them. It
was pretty obvious what their
business was. When your business is
algorithms, data, intellectual
property, that means that taxing
those 11 more intangible assets as
their caught is much harder. Really
the companies like Google and
Facebook, they pay their taxes where
their products were invented, were
developed, so for those two
companies in the main in America.
They follow all the tax rules as
they always make clear. The European
commission, Pierre, has put these
details on the table today, and
wants to rip up those rules. As you
say, they are now looking at taxing
activity. So where the users
actually are, and where the
advertising revenue is created. This
will be a huge step change in the
way that businesses are taxed around
the world. Quite hard to define what
is a digital business as opposed to
what is a non-digital business. But
clearly in their sites is Google,
Facebook. And this data issue, very
much goes alongside in terms of
trust, this tax issue that these
companies have gained a huge amount
from our data, from our use of their
products across Europe. But as
Pierre says, they haven't paid as
what he describes their fair share.
It's time to build up that tax base,
not just the income taxpayer but you
and me who should pay the taxes, but
the businesses themselves.
You are a
guy who can think on his feet. I
know this, I have spoken to you many
times. I move for you right in
there. Mark Zuckerberg, part of his
statement that he has just released
he says that the most important
actions to prevent this from
happening again today, we have
already taken years ago. That is
Mark Zuckerberg releasing a
statement just a few minutes ago.
You study businesses your whole
career. You know the key thing in
this kind of thing is to handle a
crisis well, to get the
communications right. Does Mark
Zuckerberg putting up a statement
now help Facebook get this problem?
Certainly will help. It is
interesting, interviewed Mark
Zuckerberg this time last year. When
he bought out if your member that
big manifesto, heal the world
manifesto, he wanted to go around
all the states of America to have
these discussions with people. I
think for Facebook, for Google, for
all the companies they found it very
difficult to handle their huge
growth. Facebook is a company
younger than my 14-year-old son.
That is the astonishing phenomenon
we are talking about. They are sort
of rising the rule book themselves
as they go along. Governments and
religious have really found it
difficult to keep up with these
companies in or miss growth and the
change in the way we communicate and
in the information we see. It
certainly is a help that Mark
Zuckerberg is coming out today,
tonight in California and saying,
"Yes, mistakes have been made, we
have tried to act." But there is a
faith here and companies like
Zuckerberg. In companies like
Facebook. That the community in the
end will get to the right
conclusion. Frankly governments and
regulators say that is too slow. It
can no longer be left to you to
decide what the rule book is. We are
going to try and take control of
this. Not just on data, but on tax
as well. These are the big two toxic
issues. Many critics would say
Zuckerberg, Google, Amazon, all the
other big global digital layers,
simply being too slow to understand
that yes they bought a lot of good
to be world, but they haven't done
enough to control their behaviour.
You see, I knew I could throw you in
it. I knew you would be able to
handle that just fine. You hadn't
heard the statement, but you are you
so much for joining us.
Let's see if that enough. Going back
to the digital tax. I will be in
Brussels tomorrow for the programme
for the European Council meeting.
Apparently he's been talking to
Steve Manu gene and the Treasury
Secretary over there because they
are concerned that when they start
talking about taxing tech companies
they are talking about taxing
American companies. And they are
very concerned that this will be
seen as a tit-for-tat after the
steel and aluminium tax which they
will discuss tomorrow. We get into a
bit of that. This will he seemed as
them trying the bows in the
direction of Washington.
right, something American companies
by the way make a point of telling
us a lot.
Federal Reserve bank has just handed
down it's decision to raise interest
rates by 0.25%, the first
raise of the year.
That decision will increase
the cost of borrowing money
for people around the world.
It was announced by Jerome Powell,
the Federal Reserve's new chairman.
Our correspondent Kim
Gittleson is at the Federal
Reserve in Washington.
The Federal Reserve has been moving
in this direction for a while. They
clearly feel the American economy is
doing better. Just to run power have
a concern that if he raises interest
rate they put a damper on the
Central bankers don't like
any surprises. This move has been
telegraphed for sometime now.
Investors knew they be raising
interest rates. Most of the work
thing attention to the Fed
projections to figure out if they
were raising interest rates three
times or four times this year. The
media and the press conference
Pastor Mr Powell was questions.
Frankly the Fred was quite split.
Eight members in favour of three
increases this year. Seven in favour
for increases. Mr Powell would not
answer questions, saying that that
was showing the array range of
opinions and investors should be
paying attention to economic
fundamentals and that will give them
guidance about what the Fed is going
to do into the future.
Three or four
times this year. It makes a
Thank you very much for coming.
Sounds arcane, but that can have a
huge impact on the global economy.
Great to have him with us. This is
Beyond 100 Days and still to come.
Still to come, a spring snow storm
has hit the north east of America
and I've been out in the blizzard,
I'll show you some of the scenes
right here in Washington.
More than a million NHS workers
in England can expect pay rises
if they agree to a deal struck
between most unions and ministers.
It follows a pay cap imposed
for the last five years
and a pay freeze before that.
Our political editor
Laura Kuenssberg reports.
Nurses, who care for
millions of patients.
The staff who keep the NHS going are
finally to have a bigger pay rise.
THEY CHANT: Scrap the cap!
For five years, there have been
calls to do just that.
Aside from some automatic rises,
the limit on public-sector pay
increases of 1% meant
wages fell behind.
The Secretary of State
for Health and Social Care,
Secretary Jeremy Hunt.
And the election left the Tories
in no doubt about the irritation.
Today's agreement on a new pay deal
reflects public appreciation
for just how much they have done
and continue to do.
Rarely has a pay raise been
so well-deserved for NHS staff,
who have never worked harder.
When a nurse pleaded
with the Prime Minister for a pay
rise on national television,
she was told there was
no magic money tree.
So, can he tell us how this pay
rise will be paid for?
Has the Prime Minister's
horticultural skills grown
said magic money tree?
Taxpayers' money for the rises
will come from the Treasury to start
with, not out of existing health
budgets, so the big
unions are on board.
But staff still have
to approve the deal.
And with inflation, it might not
make up the difference.
Perhaps for NHS staff in England,
these rises can't come fast enough.
Remember, limits on pay have been
in place for years -
part of the Conservatives' efforts
to balance the nation's books.
But public money
will still be tight.
This is an easing of
a squeeze, not the end.
If you are just joining us we have
had in the last minute or so a
statement from Mark Zuckerberg, the
CEO of Facebook. Just going through
the statement because it is a long
posting to put on the Facebook
website. Let me pick up the things
that he is saying about past
problems, he says "We will
investigate all apps better access
to large amounts of information
before we change our platform to
dramatically reduce data access in
2014, and will conduct a full audit
of any app with suspicious activity"
and he goes on to say that they are
on to get in touch with anybody who
lost their data or if data was
passed onto third party apps. They
will be informed.
We put this on the
screen earlier but unless you heard,
eyesight is a lot better. It is very
long. On his Facebook page. He says
that they have dealt with problems
already. That were the kinds of
problems that led to the Cambridge
Analytica getting hold of the
Facebook data for millions of users.
The question is going to be for
Facebook, is this going to do my.
Slide share price. As said earlier
on the programme this is about trust
and actually whether people will
have enough trust in the system.
Political aides play a crucial role
in the smooth running of government.
And so it makes perfect sense that
Downing Street is offering
lessons in spinning,
no, not the exercise classes,
we're talking about good PR.
A document leaked from within
government reveals one of these
first training sessions will be
titled "Working With Number ten".
Advising politicians how to avoid
the pitfalls is crucial.
Though not so easy in
the case of Donald Trump.
Yesterday ahead of his call
with Vladimir Putin,
aides had written on his security
briefing: "do NOT CONGRATULATE".
Not only did he praise Mr Putin
he also forgot to mention
the poisoning in Salisbury.
Here to help us make sense
of it all, is the Times
columnist Matt Chorley.
Picked this up this morning and
written about it. Why is it
happening now? They have been in
power for two years, the main
government. It seems they are going
back all the way to induction
They are, circulating
photos of each other. So they can
all learn each other's names. First
day of school. What is the reason my
coming you could say the Tories have
been in government for eight years.
Part of it is because it has pink
like a queer out. There was a big
clear out when David Cameron left
and Theresa May came in. Another
part of the disastrous election in
June last year. Actually the
collective knowledge that you would
normally get in a government has
evaporated and many ways. Quite a
lot of people now in government who
didn't come up through opposition
and having been around the corridors
of power for that long. Don't really
know how it works. How does the
government department work. The
trouble is one you put something
down about in school, somebody that
makes it to people like me which
makes the first rule of spads school
is that you probably shouldn't be...
Talking about spads school!
say you are giving the goals and
opportunity of working as an aid in
the White House. How would you
manage this president?
opportunity? I think...
The problem is, we have got
this with Jeremy Corbyn in the UK as
well. This problem of politicians
who are beyond spin and control and
the conventional rules of, this is
how we got about which is why people
love them. When you got a president
who's got all these briefings and
ignores them, does his own thing.
Bridgen on a block capitals, do not
congratulate him, there is a risk
that the only thing he remembers is
the word congratulate. No amount of
spin or minds to take or briefings
or PR experts laying down a plane
can compete with a president who has
got Twitter close to hand back and
just basically say all those plans
are coming out. Maybe it is not even
I would love to be
a fly on the wall at spads school.
See what they did.
you very much for joining us. That
was great. Managing Donald Trump,
who would take on that task.
You've been talking a lot about how
the weather has been terrible in
Luckily here, it is March. And that
always means it is very nice. So I
went outside to take a look at what
it is really like.
So, Christian, it's the second day
of spring in Washington.
Always my favourite time of year.
I spent the weekend getting my
garden ready to plant pansies.
I put my sweaters away.
Soon there'll be the cherry
blossoms, really excited about that.
The only problem, mother
nature doesn't seem
to have got the message.
Look, it is snowing in Washington.
We've been out in
a blizzard all day.
The federal government is shut.
My kids don't have school.
This is not spring.
I think it's still winter.
They called it this morning. I was
watching one of the American
networks. They called it The Great
Slop because there is lots of it,
but it is not speaking. It is
Every weather storm has to
have a name I now. The one I heard
in Washington that this was called
get it. Yeah. Shall I show you a
picture of the Pope just before we
It's been windy at
Vatican City today. Someone has got
fish wire on the top. Lid off. I
feel a bit sorry for the Pope
because he keeps having these were
drug crises. There you go, just over
the back of the chair. As he keeps
having these wardrobe crises. This
happens quite a bit. There is a bit
of elastic around the top.
realise no one is listening to you.
I mean, like, nobody.
All we are
watching is the picture. Can we put
that on loop? Can we go out on the
Pope with his hat right off one
Lukas because no one actually wants
to listen to anything else.
He is a