Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Questions House of Commons

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Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Questions

Live coverage of questions in the House of Commons to the environment, food and rural affairs secretary Andrea Leadsom and her ministerial team.

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Welcome to BBC Parliament's live coverage of the House of Commons. In


an hour, the Labour MP Stephen Doughty has tabled an urgent


question on gay and lesbian people in the Chechen Republic of Russia,


author won after reports of people being tortured and at least three


killed. In David -- David Livingstone will set out forthcoming


business. Then there will be two select committee statements, about


the public administration and Constitutional affairs committee,


and lessons to be learned in the EU referendum. The second in the


Justice committee's report on prison reform. Then we will discuss the


Gorton by-election, after the death of Sir Gerald Kaufman, which will


allow a by-election on the 8th of June. Then there will be questions


on the impact of changes to state pensions on UK expats and the second


on infectious diseases. Join me for a round-up of the day in the House


of Commons at 11pm tonight. First we have questions for the Environment,


Food and Rural Affairs secretary, Andrea Leadsome, and her team of


ministers. The UK has made significant progress in improving


your quality in the last decade, in all five areas. However there are


countries not meeting targets for emissions of carbon dioxide, so to


help address this, last year the government consulted on a framework


which will be consulted shortly. -- published shortly. Following three


defeats in the courts for failing to address the 50,000 deaths a year in


the country due to poor air quality, and we're the government defended


the indefensible, a judge ordered the government to produce and your


quality plan by this Monday. Labour believe we need to go further, with


any quality national framework as part of the clean air act. What are


the main parts of this plan, and how much has the Minister allocated to


addressing the UK's poor air quality in the plan? They think it is a


great shame that the honourable lady criticises this government, who


since 2011 have committed ?2 million to increase the uptake of ultralow


emissions vehicles, supported greener transport schemes and set


out how we will improve your quality through a new programme of clean air


zones. In the Autumn Statement we announced a further ?290 million to


support low emission buses and taxis, retrofitting alternative


fuels, and we will be consulting on our plans to improve nitrogen oxide


emissions very shortly. This is so much pie in the sky. Every time we


have DEFRA questions, it is coming soon, when is the report, when are


we going to stop people being poisoned in our cities, end Times,


in places like Huddersfield, and when will we see action? Now, not


next week or next year! This government is totally committed to


cutting harmful emissions. We have made great progress in the last


decade, which is more than the Labour government did. Emissions


went up under their watch. We recognise there is more to do, and


we will be publishing our proposals soon. People buying diesel cars


thinking they were the cheap way forward, will the Minister make sure


she discusses with this Transport Secretary and Secretary, so we do


not penalise them and work with the devolved governments as well? We


need to find a way forward to look after those people. We have to take


into account the impact on ordinary working families, and on businesses,


and as the Prime Minister has made very clear, we understand that


people bought diesel cars under incentives from the last Labour


government, they bought them in good faith and we need to ensure that


they are not penalised for those actions. Will the Minister consider


a targeted diesel scrappage scheme, which particularly supports


low-income families? The opportunity to do so was missed in the Autumn


Statement and in the budget. I can assure the honourable lady that the


government is looking at all possible


areas we need to have mitigation to support families. All types are on


the table. Leg we have a very low air pollution quality with all areas


in the low pollution band. It is essential that the national


framework is nationwide and encompasses Northern Ireland. Could


I ask the Minister what discussions she has had with her counterpart in


the northern island assembly to make sure it happens? I can assure him we


have had discussions with all administrations. -- the Northern


Ireland Assembly. We are working closely together and will be making


announcements in due course. The Great Repeal Bill will ensure that


the body of existing Euro environmental law will have an


effect in UK law, but Parliament will have the chance to make sure


the legislative framework is outcome driven, focusing on improving the


environment in a generation. The government will continue to uphold


obligations and international environmental treaties, and we will


continue to seek other countries to do so as well. Assuming regulations


come in as part of the bill, that is important but at least as important


is ensuring the regulations are permanent. The country decided to


leave the European Union last year. We're trying to give as much


certainty as possible to ensure regulations continue and will


continue as a consequence. I'm concerned that he thinks we will


simply rip up the rule book. We want a better environment for our future


generations, which is what this government will deliver. The


Minister knows very well that the EU environmental regulations have been


very helpful to people like me and you, Mr Speaker, when holding the


feet to the fire of HS2 when it comes to protecting our environment.


Could the Minister give me an undertaking that she will not alone


any diminution to areas of outstanding natural beauty, and that


exiting the European Union does not hand a blank cheque to HS2 to ride


roughshod over the countryside? My right honourable friend will be


aware that the government has already committed in developing HS2


and other infrastructure we will uphold the highest environmental


standards we cherish. While she is working on the EU air quality


regulations, can I echo the call in the last question for a national


framework, rather than ad hoc local decision-making, especially as


emissions are actually declining at the moment. Can the Minister looked


at all causes of air pollution to properly cost alternatives,


especially the cost to drivers on the taxpayer, and urge the


government to stop demonising diesel drivers. I think it is fair to say


that as we have said at the dispatch box before, when we are tackling


with the quality we have to work with local communities, because the


situation will vary. This government is not demonising diesel drivers at


all. It was the Labour government that introduced incentives for


people to start using diesel. It happens to be that the current Mayor


of London stood here in his last year of the Brown government saying


that Euro standards would solve the problem. We are now clearing up the


mess. One of those environmental standards we can improve on outside


the European Union as much as inside if the state of the oceans. As the


Minister will know, there is a massive amount of dumping of


plastics damaging sea life and choral well-being. That is a huge


conference in the United Nations tween the fifth on the 9th of June.


Ministers will be busy doing other things. What is she going to do to


ensure that the British voice is properly heard to ensure we're going


to do something to clean up our oceans? My honourable friend will be


aware that we launched a litter strategy recently. A lot of rubbish


that winds up in marine comes from the land. We need to continue to


work on that. Marine conservation is particularly important to this


government, we have continued to extend our blue belt around the


coastline of the country but also with overseas territories, and I can


assure him that the oceans conference between the fifth and 9th


of June, he points out there the general election in the middle, but


I can assure him the interest of the United Kingdom will be well


undertaken. While the Great Repeal Bill may bring short-term stability


and working statute book when the UK leads the EU, it remains to be seen


whether this government or indeed future governments will take any


action to road the UK's environmental policies as they exist


now. What assurances can the Minister give to my constituents who


have written to me expressing deep concerns over environmental and is


post-Brexit? I can continue to try and assure the House that this


government has been very clear in the manifesto on which we stood in


2015 that we want to be first to leave the environment in a better


state than we find it, which is what this government continue to do.


Minister Rory Stewart announced in Parliament on the 24th of November


2015 that the UK Government will ban lion and trophy imports by the end


of 2017. What progress has been made in this regard, and can she tell us


what reductions in Trophy hunting in international treaties, after the UK


has left the EU? I did not catch the opening of the honourable


gentleman's question, when he referred to something from 2015, but


I want to assure him that these imports are taken on a case-by-case


basis, and we continue to work with other countries to make sure we can


serve important species around the world. The UK is a global leader in


this. Question number four. With your


permission, I will group question for Andrew question seven. The


consultation closed on the 28th of February and were currently


examining the responses. We intend to introduce legislation this year


with a banner manufacturing expected to apply from the 1st of January


2018 and a band of sales from the 13th of June 2018 as outlined in our


proposals. I strongly support the Government's proposals to ban micro


beads in cosmetics and personal care products but they probably only


account for about 4% of those polluting our rivers. With the


Government say what they are doing to prevent the other types of


migrant plastics which are going to continue polluting our waters? The


Government wants to consult on the extent of the -- the Government


launched a consultation on the extent of the damage micro plastics


are causing and we are continuing to look into that. The use of plastic


bottles is also something we are looking at but I should remind my


right honourable friend that we need to be gathered as we take this


forward because a lot of micro beads and plastics are the outcome of


things like recycling bodies -- bottles into making fleeces and


suchlike. I was recently rummaging through my wife's election of


shampoos and to my horror I found a plastic container of anti-wrinkle,


anti-ageing lotion. Complete with exfoliating micro beads. Obviously


neither the Secretary of State or the Minister would have such need


for a abrupt but would she speak to the Chief Executive of Procter and


Gamble that telling this sort of product at the moment is complete


outrageous and he should withdraw them at once. Well, Mr Speaker, what


I find extraordinary is that lady Belling is a flawless picture and


wouldn't even need these products, so I am sure that my honourable


friend will be buying flowers later today to make up for this. It is


fair to say, Mr Speaker, that we are working with manufacturers now and a


lot of them are starting to remove these products already, practically,


but we want to make sure that this avoidable pollution is taken out of


our environment permanently. Number five. Mr Speaker, we regularly meet


EU counterparts at agriculture and figure it -- agriculture and


fisheries Council and food and drink issues are regularly discussed and


informed by bilaterals. The great and noble county of Lincolnshire is


the bread basket of England and much of the food we eat comes from our


county. Liza Fate has been proved to be harmless by scientists, it is


used in the same production of wheat and agreed that we eat. Once we


regain control of our destiny, can the minister assure me its use will


be reauthorised. As the honourable gentleman knows,


the EU are reviewing the use of Glyphosate and it having been proved


safe, we are backing its use again. My first question on Defra... This


minister has shown since my first question procrastination my children


would envy. The minister wants us to believe we can trust him with


correcting UK policy. Where is this money? How on earth can Scottish


farming trust this Government and the Tories? Well, the honourable


gentleman and I have discussed this number of times and he is aware the


reason the review we intended to do last year was delayed was because of


the referendum, which has changed the context dramatically. We


continue to have discussions with Scottish industry. Just yesterday, I


met NFU as to discuss feature agriculture policy. What can be done


to encourage the European Union to promote the processing of feedstuffs


in developing countries, thinking particularly of olive oil and copy


where the value added tends to be in the European Union? The UK and


indeed a number of other European countries have preferential trade


agreements in place to support developing countries, to give them


tariff free access to the European market. This is important to the


development of some of those countries and the issues he raises


are ones that are regularly discussed that the EU agriculture


Council. An important part of the food processing sector is the fish


area of my constituency and is part of those EU discussions, what


efforts will be made to ensure there was no border in the Irish Sea which


would stop permitting fishermen from fishing in both parts as they


currently can? As the honourable lady knows, there has been an issue


with a long-standing agreement between the Irish Parliament and the


UK and this was discussed at a couple of weeks ago by myself and


administer from the Irish Parliament about arrangements we may have after


Brexit? I have the honour of representing a constituency whose


farmers feed the country and I would be interested to know, will my


honourable friend work to ensure that farmers are not put at a


disadvantage with their EU competitors when these exciting new


trade deals are negotiated? Well, my honourable friend, she has a very


important farming constituency and I know that and what I can reassure


her is that I myself worked in the farming industry for ten years, it's


an industry I'm passionate about and I've been going up and down the


country in recent months, meeting farmers, discussing their concerns,


but we have a fantastic opportunity on leaving the European Union to


design a new agricultural policy that is fit for purpose. Press


reports earlier this week suggest the Danish Government may press for


restrictions on UK fish imports to the EU if the Danish fleet this


access to UK, mostly Scottish fishing waters when the UK leads the


EU. That would have severe impact on Scottish fishermen who export 50% of


their fish to the EU each year and can he tell us what discussions he


has had a mess? I have regular meetings with all EU counterparts


and I believe the Danish minister is planning a visit to the UK in the


next few weeks and I hope to meet in them. The honourable lady should not


worry about the opening positions people might take in a negotiation.


It doesn't matter what people ask for, it matters what the UK


Government is willing to grant. The Scottish fishing industry want to


leave the EU, they want to leave the CFP, they wanted to take control of


our waters. The fishing industry is vitally important to my


constituency. Would the Minister update fishes there and around the


industry -- around the UK when the Government intends to withdraw from


the London 1954 fisheries convention? The honourable lady


makes an important point. There is a 1964 London fisheries convention


which has access arrangements for a number of countries. As we've made


clear on numerous occasions, we are looking at this very closely and as


the prime ministers said two weeks ago, we had to say something on this


shortly. Number six. Mr Speaker, since 2015, Defra has opened or


improved terms for over 160 markets, increasing access to markets is a


priority set out in the food and drink international action plan and


we work with industry to identify and prioritise and increase export


value. In my role as the trade envoy to Nigeria, I have recently invited


the Nigerian agriculture Minister to come to the UK. Will he agree with


me that it's important to show him the whole of the value change --


value train in agriculture in which we do so well question mark I


commend the work that my honourable friend does building negotiations


with -- building relations with Nigeria, building relationships and


I am delighted to hear he has invited the minister here to see


some of the great work we do through the supply chain and what we do to


reduce waste within it. Does the minister recognise that it's


absolutely crucial that the needs of the agricultural sector are placed


at the heart of Brexit negotiations? Isn't it clear that if the


Government doesn't get its act together, a bad Brexit deal will


leave British farmers and food producers facing the double whammy


of cheap food imports and tariffs on their exports? I would simply say to


the honourable lady that access to the UK market is incredibly


important for European countries as well. Whilst we exported around ?11


billion worth of food and drink to the European Union, we import some


?28 billion worth from the EU. That is why farming unions across the EU


are telling their governments that they must have a free-trade


agreement with the UK. How does the Government intend to deliver on its


promises? The CLA are saying that the Government should admit it


cannot design a workable new agricultural policy in less than two


years because Debra simply does not have the capacity. The Government's


failure to reach an agreement could leave out farmers unable to compete


by at home and abroad. Very specifically, what guarantees for


the Minister provide here, today, to rural communities right across the


country that farming subsidies and tariffs free trade will be


guaranteed under a Tory Government? I would simply say festival to the


honourable lady that we have some tremendously talented policy


officials both in Defra and in our agencies and they have been working


very closely on some of the decal behind the design of each


agricultural policy on some of those issues. The Prime Minister has been


very clear that she will make an offer to other European countries


for a bold, ambitious free agricultural agreement. One of the


markets that farmers in northern Lincolnshire are hoping to expand on


is producing crops for eggs converged on to bio ethanol viewed.


They are concerned about the Government's commitment to this.


Could you reassure them that if a market for future expansion? We do


see a role for bio ethanol fuels but also we are keen to ensure that we


don't lose too much good agricultural land to biofuels. The


honourable gentleman, my honourable friend, will be aware that this is


predominantly an issue for the Department for Transport and I would


invite him to raise this issue with them in the next Parliament. Markets


are not necessarily just country based but also a product based. The


UK has a tremendous market for lactose free milk most of which is


imported. What can we do to encourage UK producers to develop


this product in the UK, manufactured in the UK? Well, we do have


obviously a very strong dairy industry in this country and there


are lots of opportunities like that. We have established things like the


food innovation networks and things like the aggregate fund and the


number of other funds as well to support innovative product


development of the sort he mentioned. Number nine, please, Mr


Speaker. Mr Speaker, energy prices and exchange rates are the key


drivers of price changes in the agriculture commodities market and


this affects all countries in the world independent of whether they


are in the EU or not. There was a sharp spike in food prices in 2008,


they levelled up in 2014 and fell by 7% over the next two years. We have


seen an increase of 1.3% over the last year. I thank the Minister for


his response but the facts are that the ONS are reporting a surge in


food process that is likely to continue to rise. Children are


reports -- in food prices that is likely to continue to rise. Children


are returning to school after the holidays and the elderly are going


into hospital hungry yet the Government still refuse to measure


food poverty. Isn't it true that they refuse to measure it because


then they would have to accept culpability? The honourable lady is


wrong because we do measure it and we include a measurement on


household spending among the poorest 20% of households and I can tell you


that household spending within those houses has remained steady at about


16% for the last decade. On the matter of food, Mr Marcus Fish.


Thank you, Mr Speaker. Farmers across the south-west are very proud


of the high-quality food they produce whether its beef, lamb,


milk, etc. What are the opportunities the Minister sees bus


leaving the EU to ensure they get a fair price for that food on an


ongoing basis? As he knows, we have recently had a


call for evidence and a review of the grocery code adjudicator. There


have been representations we should consider extending the remit of that


further up the supply chain and we're giving consideration to those


representations. But grocery called adjudicator has made a good start


improving the relationship, particularly between producers and


supermarkets. It is common in food processing plants for 70% of the


employees to be EU migrants, and it is not clear where the staff are


going to come from in the future. Is the Minister committed to defending


this sector in the Brexit negotiations to come, and so


avoiding price rises from this as well? I can reassure him I have had


regular meetings with food processors, indeed just two days ago


I had a meeting with the new president of the food and drink


presentation, and this issue was raised. Around 30% of employees,


according to the ONS, in the food sector are from other European


countries, but I would simply see the Prime Minister has been clear


that she wants to protect the rights of EU citizens that are here, and


she would expect that to be reciprocated as well, which can be


agreed earlier in the negotiations. May I gently remind him again of the


paradox that we starve the poor by refusing to buy their food from


them? He makes a very good point. As I mentioned in relation to an


earlier discussion, we do give preferential trade access to some


developing countries. The ACP countries are particularly


important, in sectors such as sugar, and this is important for them to


develop those industries. My honourable friend is right to raise


this issue, but she will recognise we want to get the proposals right


and we will consult as soon as we can. With the Minister agree that


rigorous enforcement when this policy is in place is one of the


most vital elements Western Mark I entirely agree. Robust enforcement


is important to ensure the rules are effective. She will recognise police


and other agencies do an excellent job in this, and she will also


recognise our approach in tackling this is tackling demand, so we can


very much enjoyed my visit to her very much enjoyed my visit to her


constituency last week. There was a great -- it was a great pleasure to


meet some of her growers, including at a farm, to discuss seasonable


labour. I am aware of the horticultural sector's concerns. We


are consulting with businesses and the advisory committee later this


year. Can I thank my right honourable friend very much for


coming to Kent and visiting one of my local fruit farms and for


listening to the growers who assembled? Particularly during the


Easter recess. Could she please give me an update on the discussions she


has had with the Home Office about introducing the much-needed


agricultural permit scheme? Not only did I visit my honourable friend's


constituency, but the honourable member for Maidstone had a lovely K


bid day in the county I grew up in. She is right, this is an incredibly


important issue, the government has assessed the the need of a pilot


scheme for seasonal workers, and decided there is not the evidence


that such a thing as needed. The migration advisory committee later


this year will seek to get to the bottom of what is needed, and this


government is committed to making huge success for the food and


farming sector as we leave the EU. farming sector as we leave the EU.


Topical questions. As this is the last DEFRA oral questions before the


recess, I would like to remind the House of the government's twin


ambitions in the farming environment. They are to grow more,


sell more and export more British export food -- British food, and for


us to be the first generation to leave the environment in a better


state than when we found it. Last week we produced the first-ever


litter strategy for England and announced a ?10 million grant scheme


to distort peak winds. So we look forward to putting our case to the


country. What is she doing to support fishermen, and in particular


the under ten metres fleet, which is 33 feet in English money. I am glad


he can still do the maths. The government has taken a number of


measures to make the inshore fleet more economically sustainable. We


have taken an unused quota and permanently transferred this to the


under ten metres fleet. So we continue to top slice the quota


uplift, which is now more than 1000 tonnes, in order to help the under


ten metres fleet. Contrary to what the Minister said earlier, recent


inflation figures show that food prices are rising at the fastest


pace in three years, adding over 21p to be average household shopping


bill in the past three months alone. When will the Secretary of State get


a grip on the soaring costs of living affecting millions of


families? As I pointed out earlier to the question that was raised, we


saw the biggest spike in food prices in 2008. Food prices fell by around


7% between 2014 and 2016. It is true that they have seen a modest


increase over the last 12 months of 1.3%. Rising food prices simply


added to the burden on those with little money for food. The Food


Standards Agency reported that one in four low-income families struggle


to eat regularly and equality and human rights commission have shown


that disabled people are more than two times more likely to be living


in food property. -- poverty. How long can the Secretary of State


refused a -- to publish figures on this? We have always monitored


spending on food through the wedding cost survey, and on spending food


among the poor list has been stable for over a decade. This government


has put more people in employment than ever before, taken more people


off benefits and given them an income. That is how you tackle


poverty. It is not just the coastal areas of Lincolnshire that are prone


to flooding. Whilst the government has invested record amounts in


concrete defences, inland areas are also prone to flooding in places


like Lincolnshire. What role does the Minister think that flood


management control can play in detecting properties and people?


Here's right to raise the importance of natural flood management. I saw


that myself on a visit to Leicester without monster competition for


flood protection. In the right place it can absolutely help. We are


investing ?15 million to fund natural flood management schemes


across the country, and they will help support many communities from


flood risks, and we will continue to build the evidence. Surely the


Secretary of State... To prevent shortages in the food and drink


industry. We have already addressed the issue of seasonal workers in the


agricultural sector. As far as those workers who have already made their


lives and work in this country, as the Prime Minister has said, it is


her intention to ensure those rights are protected, and make sure the EU


reciprocates, so protecting the very valuable contribution that EU


citizens make in the UK, and vice versa. In the interest of customer


choice and transparency, isn't it time that all halal and kosher meat


products are properly labelled that the point of sale? This would


benefit those people who want to buy it as well as those who do not want


to. I know my honourable friend has been a long-standing campaigner on


this. The government is committed to giving consumers as much


transparency as possible and to improve labelling wherever we can. I


know he understands there are some difficulties and there is no single


definition of halal or kosher, which makes compulsory labelling complex.


He is aware of European Union -- the European Union has been looking at


this, and leaving the EU as an opportunity to look at these issues.


The 20 year food plan, the 20 year environment plan, the supposedly


environmentally enhancing strategies were supposed to be published before


the summer, that is summer 2016. The Secretary of State has failed, has


filled farmers, the food industry, and feel to keep our promise. People


are now losing their jobs and incomes on her watch. When will


these plans see the light of day? She might be aware there was a


significant decision taken by the people of the United Kingdom last


summer to leave the European Union. We have been very clear about our


ambitions to make a huge success of the food and farming sector and to


be the first generation that leads iron environment and a better place


than when we found it. In terms of our plans, it is essential we can


consult with stakeholders who have clear evidence to give us, clear


ideas to give us, for a future outside of the EU that is more


successful than ever. Further to the honourable member for Gainsborough's


question earlier, would she give my constituents that the assurance they


need that should the European Commission choose not to follow the


recommendation and decide to ban the use of it anyway... The evidence is


clear, they believe glyphosate is safe, it has also been in the UK


intention to follow them on pesticide decisions, so we support


this being authorised again. We will continue to have an evidence -based


approach when we leave the EU. We need good science, good technology,


good innovation, but what will she do about the fact that one of the


leading scientific research bases has been taken over by China? This


is another major company that the Chinese government have absorbed.


What is she going to do about it? When it comes to pesticide


protection, this is an integrated industry around the world, and it is


not unusual to have others working within the UK. We have the best in


the world, which is why companies choose to locate here. Fly-tipping


like the countryside, and often causes real problems for those


including farmers, such as in my constituency who have waste dumped


on my land. Can he update the House on the steps of government is taking


to tackle this? I was delighted we launched the letter strategy on the


10th of April for England, seeking to cut ?800 million bill annually


for tax players for cleaning up letter. So local councils will be


able to fine fly-tipper is. We have also given them the powers to seize


vehicles involved in fly-tipping. Integrated processing distribution


and packaging systems are used in food plants across the UK and the


Republic of Ireland. What assurances can begin to the companies there


will be no border restrictions inhabiting the operations after


Brexit? The Prime Minister has made clear she wants an ambitious and


comprehensive free trade agreement. We are looking closely at the issue


of border controls in respect of the border between Northern Ireland and


the Irish Republic particularly, but we're talking regularly to industry


on this, we have a meeting with some of the other devolved


administrations later today, where we will look at these issues. Lamb


prices are trading particularly less this year than last year existing.


New Zealand lamb comes in in the winter when we have no lambs. There


seems to be too much New Zealand lamb in the major retailers and not


enough British lamb. I would like the ministers to bring that to the


attention of the major retailers that British lamb should now be in


the shops, it should not be New Zealand lamb. The honourable


gentleman makes an important point. I know that at least, people really


want to buy high-quality West Country lamb and Welsh lamb and


Scottish lamb, and from every other part of the United Kingdom. I would


say, there was an issue this year I believe, in that prices were very


good during the winter, which meant a number of sheep producers decided


to sell their lamb early, meaning there has been less British lamb


available at this time. Will the Secretary of State to be


pushing for a total ban on ivory sales in the 2017 manifesto,


equivalent to the unrealised pledge in the 2015 manifesto? As I outlined


to my honourable friend earlier, we are working very closely on -- very


carefully on the proposals and hope to publish a consultation in due


course. In the West Midlands, we are seeing a terrible spate of


fly-tipping on a commercial scale, including hospital and household


waste. Could I ask the Minister seriously to help the farmers with


the costs of deterring the serious criminals from dumping these hazards


on their land? Mr Speaker, I thank my right honourable friend for that


question. We know this is a particular problem at the moment and


that's where the Environment Agency is working with councils and farmers


in order to try to stop this waste being dumped in the first place. We


will continue to pursue waste crime as an urgent issue and friendly


those people who to spoil our country side and display last rates


deserve a strong sentence but we need the legislation to do that and


this can take time. Does the Minister recognise that food


processors will need to continue to recruit employees coming to the UK


from other EU countries? Yes, absolutely. As I said earlier, the


Home Office are looking very closely at what the future needs will be for


businesses. We absolutely recognise that businesses in the UK, in order


to thrive, will of course need access to some of the brightest and


best from around the world and the migration advisory Council and a


consultation with businesses will be looking at the needs later this


year. Cleaning up the nation's bus fleet is an important point -- part


of tackling air quality, but will the Minister agree that smaller


companies will need time to adapt, particularly where the smallest


vehicles -- the cleanest vehicles are not yet available on the


second-hand market? My right honourable friend is correct to


point out that we need to work with the industry. The Department for


Transport has been working with manufacturers for some time to make


the improvements so that, again, as a nation, we can make those


technological changes that are important to improving our air


quality from vehicle emissions. Questions, Pauline Latham. Number


one, sir. I can inform the House that the National Audit Office


published an investigation into the Cancer Drugs Fund in 2015. This


investigation set up the facts related to the fund in what it had


achieved. This followed up on a number of concerns raised during


early work on improving cancer services. The investigation found


that all parties agreed that the fund was not sustainable in its


present format this time and that NHS England was proposing a new


arrangement for the