International Women's Day House of Lords


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International Women's Day

The debate in the House of Lords marking International Women's Day and Vote 100, from Thursday 8 March.


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We come together to recognise and

celebrate the achievement women and

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girls across world. This year

International Women's Day is

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significant for us in this country

on this Parliament. In 2018, we

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celebrate the centenary of the first

British women getting bored and

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there is much to celebrate. 100

years of women are represented at

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every level public life. In my own

department, the Home Office, over

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half the ministers are women

including the Home Secretary.

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Cressida Dick was appointed the

first women commission of the London

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Metropolitan Police and my

honourable colleague Baroness Hale

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became the first woman president of

the Supreme Court. Danny Cotton

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became the first female commission

of the London Fire Brigade. Jodie

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Whittaker it in the first in a

Doctor Who. I waited to see the

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first female James Bond. Although

this is a day to celebrate the

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achievements of women we must also

recognise the challenges and

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prejudice with which women and girls

are faced. Both at home and across

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the world. We must continue to press

for progress to excel in gender

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equality. We must not be complacent

and believe this struggle has been

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consigned to the past. Just as the

sub suggests, suffragists and their

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supporters stood side by side --

just as the suffragettes they fought

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the past ballot 100 -- 100 years

ago, we have witnessed a global

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movement of women coming together to

call out injustice. Women from all

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walks of life have issued a rallying

cry, calling time on sexual

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harassment, violence against women,

unequal pay and discrimination. We

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must capitalise on the momentum of

campaigns such as the need to

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movement to accelerate the drive

towards equality for all. This

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government has been making great

strides to build on the work of

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countless members on all sides of

both houses. The UK has a proud

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history of playing the central role

in securing change for women and

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girls and we are well respected

internationally or other world

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leading policy and legislation on

equalities. Outside of the UK, many

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women and gales still do not have

the opportunities and choices they

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deserve more credit due to cultural

expectations, poverty, conflict or a

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combination of all three. We know

there is a crucial role for us to

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play to end injustice at home and

abroad in this country already does

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great work internationally to ensure

gender equality reaches all corners

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of the globe. The UK was

instrumental in securing agreement

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for dedicated targets on gender

equality and women's empowerment

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within the sustainable development

goals and right now as I speak, UK

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it is having a significant impact on

the lives of millions of women and

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girls across the globe. To name but

a few examples, UK aid has supported

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over 6000 communities across 16

countries to make public commitments

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to end female genital mutilation,

representing 18 million people. UK

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aid has also enabled 8.5 million

women to access modern methods of

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family planning over five years.

Yesterday, the Department for

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International Development launched

their new strategic vision for

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gender equality. This sets out the

UK's global leadership and securing

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with our partners the rights of all

girls and women around the world,

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particularly in fragile and conflict

affected states and in humanitarian

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and protracted crises.

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These are all great achievements,

but there is more to do to improve

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gender equality and improve the

lives of women and girls around the

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world. One in three women are beaten

or sexually abused in their lifetime

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around the world. We hear so many

statistics in this chamber every

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day, we risk becoming desensitised

to the horrific facts. We must do

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everything in our power to ensure

that we do not. Imagine looking at a

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class of young girls knowing that

one third of them will face physical

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or sexual violence over the course

of their lives. That cannot go on.

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Protecting women and girls from

violence and supporting victims is

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an absolute priority, whether they

suffer violence in their

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communities, relationships, or

online. The UK is leading the way

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internationally, but we know there

is more to do. That is why we have

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today announced that we are

consulting on our programme of work

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to tackle domestic abuse. This

consultation will shape the response

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to domestic abuse at every stage,

from prevention through to

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rehabilitation and reinforces the

Goverment's aim to make domestic

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abuse everybody's business. By

consulting, we aim to harness the

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knowledge and expertise of victims

and survivors. Charities and

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specialist organisations and

experts, professionals across

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policing, criminal justice, health,

welfare, education, local

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authorities, those who deal with

these issues everyday. Part of what

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we are consulting on is a domestic

abuse Bill, aiming to better protect

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and support victims, recognise the

lifelong impact that domestic abuse

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has on children and make sure that

agencies effectively respond to

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domestic abuse. The Bill will create

a domestic abuse Commissioner for

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law to stand for victims and

survivors and hold the system to

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account. It would also create a new

domestic abuse protection order

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regime to create a clearer pathway

of protection for victims and will

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make sure that if abusive behaviour

involves a child that the court can

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hand down a sentence that reflects

the devastating lifelong impact that

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abuse has. The Government is also

announcing today how additional

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funding for domestic abuse will be

spent. This includes £8 million to

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support children who witness

domestic abuse, £2 million to

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improve the health response to

domestic abuse, and £2 million to

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support female offenders who are so

often the victims of domestic abuse.

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Internationally, we are generating

world leading evidence on what works

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to prevent violence before it starts

through our £25 million What Works

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To Prevent Violence Against Women

And Girls Programme. We contributing

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to the UN trust fund to end violence

against women. The fund has reached

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over 1 million people. Another

threat facing women around the world

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is safe pregnancy. Every two

minutes, a woman dies in pregnancy

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or childbirth. That means that in

the time that I've been speaking,

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that's five women. The majority of

these deaths are preventable.

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Millions of women in developing

countries do not have access to

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modern contraception. In the summer

of 2017, this Government hosted a

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family planning Summit to accelerate

global progress and reinforce the UK

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is global commitments to give 120

more women and girls access to

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contraception. Our ambition is that

all women around the world can

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access quality care, and we will

continue to provide bold and brave

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leadership by developing important

strategic relationships,

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international summits, and

generating world-class evidence and

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research. To make progress on these

important issues, we need to

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continue the fight for women's

voices to be heard. Equal political

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representation ensures that

Parliament's globally represents the

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needs of their citizens. We support

women's political representation

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around the world for a number of

programmes. For example, in

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Pakistan, our support of the 2013

election helped many more women to

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register as voters. With many going

on to the vote for the first time

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ever. It brought national attention

to the 8 million women missing from

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the electoral roll. Education is

crucial if we want to ensure that

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women and girls are engaged and

active in political and public life.

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In this country, girls tend to

perform well at school. In fact,

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they regularly outperform their male

counterparts. However, around the

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world there are 65 million girls

aged 5-15 that are not in school.

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Almost the equivalent of the entire

UK population. Education is a

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critical tool to tackle injustice

and to build a more equal society.

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It provides girls with the space to

develop their own thoughts and

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opinions, and, most importantly,

their voices. This Government has

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championed girls' education across

the world. The Foreign Secretary has

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made girls' education a foreign

policy priorities and pointed a

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special -- appointed a special envoy

to make this work. We have supported

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at least 3.3 million girls around

the world to get a good education.

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Education is so important, but we

know it's not enough in itself to

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ensure that gender equality happens

in the workplace. For women to have

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equal opportunities to men at work,

employers need to take action, and

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we all need to challenge harmful

social norms that can hold women

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back. We want the UK to lead the way

for gender equality in the

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workplace. Research has shown that

companies with more diverse

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workforce perform better than their

counterparts. The employment rates

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for women is at a joint record high

of 70.8%, we need to build on this

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to make the most of women's skills,

Charlie Subban talent and potential.

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To tackle the gender pay cap we have

introduced world leading regulations

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requiring organisations with 250 or

more employees to report their gap.

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These regulations will not only

drive employers to calculate and

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report their gender pay caps, they

will shine a light on the factors

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driving the gaps. Encouraged and

enabling employers to take action to

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close them. Working with our

international friends is essential

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in making progress. Over the past

year, we have agreed a road map for

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gender equality with the other G-7

countries. We have taken extra steps

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to strengthen our collaboration with

Canada following the Prime

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Minister's visit in Ottawa last

summer. And the Government

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equalities office signed a

memorandum of understanding with the

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all China women's Federation. Next

month, women's empowerment and

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girls' education will be one of the

key issues to be talked about at the

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Commonwealth summit in London. My

Lord's, may I conclude by thanking

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everyone who will be speaking in the

debate today, and I look forward to

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hearing some of the contributions.

The question is that this motion by

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agreed to.

I wish to thank the noble

Baroness, the Minister, for bringing

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this debate before us today. And for

her opening marks, which shows that

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we've made progress in many fields,

but we've still got a way to go yet.

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And I certainly look forward to the

day when a woman gets a top job and

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it doesn't make headlines, because

it will become the norm, and we look

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forward to that day. My Lord's, the

theme for International Women's Day

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is press for progress. And making

progress on what has so far been

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achieved is something we should be

looking to accelerate in all walks

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of life as far as women are

concerned. The eight women in

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politics, in the workplace, at home,

young girls in school, or in young

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women in further education -- by it

women in politics. We need to press

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for more and faster progress. When

one looks at young women and girls

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today, starting out in life, what

can they expect? The women and it to

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Select Committee carried out in

inquiry into sexual harassment and

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sexual violence in schools, and

published its report in September 20

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16. And it showed that 29% of 16-18

-year-old girls say they have

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experienced unwanted sexual touching

at school. And 59% of girls and

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young women aged 13-21 said that in

2014, and I'm sure nothing has

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changed since then, that they have

faced some form of sexual harassment

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and school college in the past year.

Young people told the committee that

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sexual harassment has become a

normal part of school life. And I

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just think that's so sad, isn't it,

that it's become normal, to have

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sexual harassment at school. Lord

Bates of the Everyday Sex Was

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Project has described sexual

harassment in violence and school

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as, and I quote, a widespread,

regular and common problem,

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something that the majority of girls

are experiencing. The committee's

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report found inconsistencies in how

schools deal with sexual harassment

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and violence and a lack of guidance

and support for teachers. The UK

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feminist and the National education

union published a report in 2017

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called sexism in school. And it said

that sexism in school is in BMX, but

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is not inevitable. -- is endemic.

Consistent and ongoing action is

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required from schools, Government

and education bodies to tackle it.

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The findings and conclusions were

similar to the women and it do is

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report. Bearing in mind these two

reports, it shows us there is lots

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of problems in schools. So I'd like

to ask the Minister, what action is

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the Government taking on the

recommendations of the women and the

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use Select Committee, as the

Government did respond positively,

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and hopefully they have action and

measures suggested in their

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response. One recommendation was a

setting up of an advisory group to

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look at how the issues and

recommendations can be best

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reflected within the existing DfE

guidance for schools, including, KCS

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i:e., and that stands for Keeping

Children Safe In School, perhaps the

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Minister could say, what progress is

being made and if the advisory group

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is working? A change of culture in

our school must be what is required,

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and it can be achieved, providing

the resources are put into it. I

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feel only then the next generation

of girls will be able to attend

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school without fear of sexual

harassment in a place that should be

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one of safety. As far as educational

achievement is concerned, as the

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Minister said, girls are

outperforming boys at school, but

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they are not going on to be higher

earners than men, or to be equally

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represented in leadership positions.

There are of course a number of

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reasons for this. School and the

education system have their part to

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play. Young women experienced gender

norms and stereotypes which prevent

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them from reaching their full

potential. Only one in three girls

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who take maths and science at GCSE

level want to take a stem subject at

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a level or the equivalent, compared

to eight out of ten boys. The

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education policy Institute has found

that there are large gender gaps in

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entries to art subjects, with girls

far more likely to enter art

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subjects than boys. This has been

the case throughout the last decade,

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and it is widening. My Lord's, the

men and men starting

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apprenticeships, men are dominating

the apprenticeships with higher

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earning potential. We have seen that

the way that gender stereotypes move

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from school subjects to

apprenticeships to the workplace,

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and that male dominated work is

valued more highly. According to the

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House of Commons Library figures, in

2016-17, 50 4% of the apprenticeship

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starts work by women. And 46 by men.

The number of women starting

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apprenticeships in England has been

higher than men every year since

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2010-11, but men continue to

dominate apprenticeship with the

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best earning potential. In 2014-15,

nearly 17,000 men started

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engineering apprenticeships. Whilst

only 600 girls did. So, that's not

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good. And much progress is needed to

be done to ensure that we make much

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more progress than that. So, I'd

like to ask the Minister, what

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action is the Government taking to

encourage more women to take up jobs

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such as engineering? We mark the

Centenary of women getting the vote

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and being allowed to stand for

Parliament, and I know we did have a

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good debate on this on February

five. And we all know that progress

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is so slow for women wanting to get

into politics. We know 489 women

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have been elected to the House of

Commons since 1918. And of those,

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489 women... No, wouldn't it be

great if it was men and the reverse!

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I think there would have been quite

a row about that! But this is where

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we are. Out of those women, only 45

women have been coveted ministers.

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-- Cabinet ministers. There have

been two women prime ministers.

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According to the global ranking

table for women parliamentarians,

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the UK is 39th on that list. The

World Economic Forum 2017 global

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gender Gap report findings tell us a

gender parity is over 200 years

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away. That means it only happened in

the lifetime of not everyone on the

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planet today and not for several

generations to come, that is

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tremendously... We need to make much

better progress than that. Progress

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in this field will not happen unless

action is similar to that the Labour

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Party has taken for having all women

short lists since 1997. Now, this

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progress has been used in all types

of election, not just of the

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Commons, and it does work.

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The in the UK we need to have a

serious discussion. I don't believe

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gender parity will just happen,

action has to be taken and we will

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wait to future generations of young

women who want to enter politics and

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make their contribution in public

service in February 2017, the Prime

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Minister announced we're working

towards a domestic violence and

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abuse act which the minister talked

about earlier.

Last month Supply

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Minister confirmed that there would

be a further wait for legislation.

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The consultation, I'm pleased to say

has been launched today and this is

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to be welcomed and we have waited

quite a while for it. What is

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concerning is that the scope of the

bill will be too narrow and focus

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solely on domestic violence and the

criminal justice system. It misses

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out vital, wider issues such as

sustainable funding for refugees. I

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will as the minister if you would

make a commitment of ensuring this

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new bill will address the full range

of issues affecting victims of

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domestic violence. On average every

week, we all know the statistics and

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we quartered and as the minister

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said many women gossip is to do and

they seek refuge and have stories

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they had been turned away as there

is no place for them where once

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there was. This is such an essential

service for the protection of women

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and girls who are caught up in

domestic violence and more action

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and funding is required in order to

see you this happen. I hope the

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consolation arrives different

organisations to feed in and that's

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obviously the purpose of the

consultation and hopefully a lot of

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good things will come out of it. My

Lords, I really hope this domestic

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violence and abuse act will address

these problems and make life a

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little better for women who suffer

from domestic violence and abuse. My

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Lords, we will need to continue the

press for progress for some time yet

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but if the will and determination is

there it will happen and I have no

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doubt about that. I looking forward

to the contributions of noble Lords

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Baroness is and I look forward to

the minister's request.

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I too would like to thank the noble

Lord -- the noble lady the Minister

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for introducing this debate in this

key year when the Mark 100 years of

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women Brassica Givaudan United

Kingdom. I think that we sorely miss

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the noble lady Baroness Turner as we

debate this issue today. The

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Baroness will have access to a very

large funds from the wonderful but

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overstretched government equalities

office and she can best cover the

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wide range of areas that we will no

doubt raise. During the coalition, I

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was in the fortunate position of

being where she is, responding to

0:24:230:24:28

this debate but if I look back to

those days, it is stunning to see

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what has changed since then. Who

would have thought then that we

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would face the prospect of leaving

the European Union now, the union

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that has brought such benefits for

women into UK law and that we

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apparently planned to leave even

though the government's on analyses

0:24:480:24:51

shows that it is the poorest in our

society and women are poorer than

0:24:510:24:59

men, who will disproportionately be

affected by Brexit. Who would have

0:24:590:25:02

thought that we would have Donald

Trump in the White House, despite

0:25:020:25:07

all the abuse he has meted out to

women and carrying favour with the

0:25:070:25:12

right-wing over the rights of women.

Who would have thought that he would

0:25:120:25:17

defeat Hillary Clinton, the phrase

he Vries her own that women rights

0:25:170:25:21

are human rights. Make sure that

women in Afghanistan, for example,

0:25:210:25:27

were not pushed aside for so-called

cultural reasons. In a country where

0:25:270:25:34

perhaps all that has emerged from

Allied engagement is an improvement

0:25:340:25:37

in women's writes. On the other side

of things, who would have thought

0:25:370:25:43

that Harvey Weinstein and others

would have been brought down and the

0:25:430:25:48

world would listen when women

shouted me to an times about who

0:25:480:25:54

would have thought that Oxfam would

be on the ropes over the sexual

0:25:540:25:57

exploitation of women in countries

where they are most vulnerable?

0:25:570:26:02

Wherever there are inequalities of

power and in the relations between

0:26:020:26:08

men and women, globally, then such

exploitation has long been a fact of

0:26:080:26:11

life. We knew that in many

developing countries, girls were not

0:26:110:26:17

safe, even in school because their

teachers demanded sexual favours. We

0:26:170:26:22

knew that peacekeepers could not be

trusted not to abuse the female

0:26:220:26:29

population, whom they were supposed

to protect. I guess it should not

0:26:290:26:32

have come as a surprise that there

could be abuse, even by those who

0:26:320:26:38

should fully have understood their

responsibility. It is clearly the

0:26:380:26:45

case as the noble Baroness, the

minister, has outlined that we have

0:26:450:26:48

a secured greater equality in the

West and in Britain that we are all

0:26:480:26:52

here in this house playing the parts

that we do is testimony to that. But

0:26:520:26:59

women in Britain, as we had from the

noble lady, Baroness Gale, are still

0:26:590:27:02

far from equal in terms of pay,

responsibility for domestic work,

0:27:020:27:09

caring for children and our older

relatives. I was shocked today to

0:27:090:27:13

read that women are five times more

likely to be donors of kidneys to

0:27:130:27:18

their husbands than the other way

round. How about that for what's

0:27:180:27:21

expected of you and gender

inequality? Neither are we on the

0:27:210:27:28

boards of companies in the numbers

that we should be, or governors of

0:27:280:27:32

central banks. I had last night that

only 6% of central bank governors

0:27:320:27:37

worldwide are women. I met one last

night courtesy of the noble Lord who

0:27:370:27:41

is in its space just now and she was

a governor, as the governor of the

0:27:410:27:46

central bank of Serbia but even she

emphasised that she must also play a

0:27:460:27:52

full part at home with her family

cleaning, cooking and as she put it,

0:27:520:27:56

having a smile on her face when her

husband and children came home. This

0:27:560:28:03

is the governor of the Central bank.

We know that if equality is

0:28:030:28:15

far from far away and Britain, it is

even further elsewhere. We have had

0:28:160:28:19

the visited of trumpets of Saudi

Arabia. I welcome the ship 's been

0:28:190:28:24

made in his company -- country and

applaud the women who have helped

0:28:240:28:28

this along. I recall visiting the

country a few years back and seeing

0:28:280:28:32

for myself the inequalities are.

Women boxed away in a small part of

0:28:320:28:37

the University while the men ranged

through the rest, including the

0:28:370:28:41

library, which was barred to women.

In my hotel and a break in meetings,

0:28:410:28:47

I decided to take advantage of the

swimming pool as I headed in, I was

0:28:470:28:52

told, you cannot swim, this isn't

the women's hour. Disappointed, I

0:28:520:28:58

asked when the woman's hour was.

There isn't one came the reply. It

0:28:580:29:05

is because worldwide we see

inequality that I am such a

0:29:050:29:09

supporter of quarters and positive

action in Parliament. Including

0:29:090:29:12

ours. I have seen how much was

achieved in Pakistan, for example,

0:29:120:29:18

by those elected to the women's

places in the last parliament there,

0:29:180:29:23

70% of the legislation was taken

through by women and they were under

0:29:230:29:29

30% of the parliament. Working

across and deep into their own

0:29:290:29:31

parties. Their focus was on

improving the lot of women, for

0:29:310:29:37

example criminalising acid attacks.

It's also why, in terms of

0:29:370:29:42

development, it is right to put the

overwhelming emphasis on women and

0:29:420:29:48

girls, to invest in girl 's's

dedication. The longer a girl is in

0:29:480:29:52

school, the fewer children she has,

the better she is able to be

0:29:520:29:56

independent and provide for an

educate her family. She, her family

0:29:560:30:01

and community at her country will

benefit. It is also why emphasising

0:30:010:30:05

family planning is vital so that all

women who wish to access family

0:30:050:30:10

planning can do so. And we should

not ignore the challenge of

0:30:100:30:15

abortion. I welcomed the report of

the all-party group on population

0:30:150:30:18

and development on abortion and I

pay tribute to the noble lady

0:30:180:30:23

Baroness told him that regard. It

recognises that abortions will occur

0:30:230:30:26

and that so often deaths result

where these are not legal and

0:30:260:30:31

medically assisted. The proportion

of maternal mortality in developing

0:30:310:30:37

countries resulting from unsafe

abortions ranges as high as 18%, the

0:30:370:30:45

estimate. Maternal morbidity from

the consequences of unsafe abortion

0:30:450:30:47

is also common and the panda rightly

that young women, poor women and

0:30:470:30:55

women in conflict situations are

particularly vulnerable. I'm proud

0:30:550:30:57

of the fact that in coalition we put

into law a commitment to 0.7% of GNI

0:30:570:31:04

for aid with a particular focus on

women and girls. I'm proud of the

0:31:040:31:09

fact that David has not shied away

from areas like family planning and

0:31:090:31:13

abortion over recent years. Unlike

Donald Trump's America. Long may

0:31:130:31:18

that continue. I also paid tribute

here to the focus that David has had

0:31:180:31:26

on women with disabilities,

something pioneered by my noble

0:31:260:31:30

friend Lord Bruce when he was chair

of the International Development

0:31:300:31:33

Select Committee on my noble friend

Baroness Weatherstone as a minister.

0:31:330:31:38

Sight Savers point out that women

with disabilities are among the most

0:31:380:31:42

marginalised in the world. Many are

likely to experience the double

0:31:420:31:47

discrimination of gender and

disability. Men with disabilities

0:31:470:31:51

are almost twice as likely to be

employed as their female

0:31:510:31:54

counterparts. Women and deals with

disabilities suffer particularly

0:31:540:31:59

high rates of gender-based violence.

Although we recognise what has been

0:31:590:32:08

achieved globally for women, there

is indeed still much to do. Which is

0:32:080:32:15

why this annual debate is important.

We should not recall this only on

0:32:150:32:18

one day a year but this is a time at

the very least to take stock of

0:32:180:32:23

where we are and where we seem to be

going. In some regards, we appear to

0:32:230:32:28

be moving forward but in others, the

forces of reaction seemed to be

0:32:280:32:34

taking us in the opposite direction.

In the centenary year when we

0:32:340:32:44

celebrate the fact that some women

in the UK got the right to vote in

0:32:440:32:47

1918, I would like to widen the lens

to consider briefly the

0:32:470:32:53

international scene as it is now and

the noble Baroness is part of that

0:32:530:32:59

and I would like to focus on one

country in particular and that is

0:32:590:33:02

Albania. And not just because I

visited it last month in the

0:33:020:33:07

February says as member of the UK's

IPU group but also because Albania

0:33:070:33:12

provides an example of the

challenges that must be overcome

0:33:120:33:15

when seeking to achieve gender

equality and the progress that can

0:33:150:33:18

be made by determined efforts within

the country but also with the

0:33:180:33:24

assistance of the UK and also with

UN women. The report published this

0:33:240:33:31

month by the IPU Secretary General

states that the progress made in

0:33:310:33:34

women's political involvement is

slowing. With the exception of some

0:33:340:33:39

countries that have made headway

because of political will, this has

0:33:390:33:44

been overall a disappointing year.

It is vital that women are part of

0:33:440:33:49

decision-making institutions such as

Parliament. It is fundamental, not

0:33:490:33:54

just for gender equality but also

for democracy and the legitimacy of

0:33:540:33:57

the process. My lord, last year did

see some positive developments in

0:33:570:34:04

women's participation in elections

worldwide. A record number women

0:34:040:34:09

contested elections, more seats were

won by women than previous years but

0:34:090:34:13

this was largely due to measures

such as electoral quarters for

0:34:130:34:16

women. Whatever your views on gender

quarters systems, you cannot ignore

0:34:160:34:22

the impact that they have. In the 20

countries where quarters were used,

0:34:220:34:30

women 1/20% of the seats while in

the 16 countries where quarters were

0:34:300:34:35

not, it was just 17%. The

trailblazers in the Americas were

0:34:350:34:40

Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, all

countries that have developed

0:34:400:34:43

progressive legislation to promote

women's political leadership.

0:34:430:34:48

Elections across the Asia and

Pacific region generally affected

0:34:480:34:52

the fact that gender normality

continue to work against women's

0:34:520:34:57

entry into politics Society is lay

stronger emphasis on women's roles

0:34:570:35:00

in the unpaid domestic sphere. New

Zealand, of course, it was the

0:35:000:35:05

standout success when the elected

highest ever women MPs and 39% and

0:35:050:35:12

the Prime Minister. Her pregnancy

has given rise to a national debate

0:35:120:35:18

on women's ability to balance

political leadership. The most

0:35:180:35:27

prominent increase was in France

where President Micron's party

0:35:270:35:35

fielded gender balanced lists --

Emmanuel Macron. Now to Albania.

0:35:350:35:40

Historically it has a low numbers in

elected office but it made

0:35:400:35:44

significant progress last year. The

proportion of women elected jumped

0:35:440:35:49

from 18 to 20%. It is because they

benefited from a gender quarter and

0:35:490:35:56

from a public forum organised by UN

women which enabled them to raise

0:35:560:36:01

the awareness of the importance

women playing a role in public life.

0:36:010:36:06

Every UK Parliament hearings visit

to Albania was timely. There is a

0:36:060:36:10

significant focus on the Western

Balkans this year by the UK and by

0:36:100:36:16

the EU. We will host the EU Western

Balkans summit in London in me and I

0:36:160:36:22

believe we host a world summit on

the Western Balkans later in the

0:36:220:36:24

summer.

0:36:240:36:31