01/09/2011 Newsnight


In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Jeremy Paxman.

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If the Government gets its way, it is going to become a lot more


difficult to say no when developers decide they want to build on the


countryside. Is it change in the planning laws way to national


prosperity, jobs and happiness, or a way to splatter car bungles all


over the face of a much loved countryside. The plan to let


builders loose on the land has set the Conservatives against


conservationist, and cast Liberal Democrats as enemies of local


democracy. Is the coalition planning for the future or selling


out to commercial vandals. The chairman of the national Trust is


here to sort out the planning minister. Gaddafi remains defiant


as NATO bombs his remaining strongholds in Libya. And the


National Transitional Council goes to Paris to be anointed by world


leaders. We pay tribute to your bravery, and to the many who have


lost their lives, or have been injured. But as has been said, the


struggle is not yet over. And how, ten years after September


1th, the toxic dust from the Twin Towers ensures killing and sicks


goes on. One morning he didn't go round, I went up to check on him,


and I found him dead on the floor. This country is crawling is


hysterical, nihilistic people, according to the coalition


Government, they include the members of the National Trust,


Friends of the Earth, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds,


and the Bat Conservation Trust, these deranged organisations, are


furious at plans by the Government to allow concrete to be laid in the


countryside. The coalition propose that is the plan authority, should


in future, abandon the principles of the last 60 years, and be biased


in favour of developers. First we report from Gloucestershire.


This is Slad Valley in Gloucestershire, which inspired the


classic book Cider with Rosy, by Laurie Lee, now it is at the centre


of planning dispute with implications for the entire country.


It is about four dozen houses that could go up on these fields on the


one hand, but on the other, it is who makes weather in terms of


planning, local politicians or property developers. The bucolic


Slad Valley has become a test case, you could call it "Decider with


Rosy". Newsnight met some of the locals, who are resisting plans by


Barrett Homes to built 48 hourss in the valley. It is an area of


outstanding - - 48 houses in the valley. It is an area of


outstanding beauty, it is a haven for wildlife, apart from a beauty


spot that attracts tourists and visitors to the area. The planning


minister says people like you are exhibiting a nihilistic character.


In my great grandfather's day, for 20 years it was all I knew of the


world. Part of the charm of this world was it seemed untouched by


modernity, but developers hope to go construct rather more than cart


track in places like this, are making plans against the back drop


of a new Government document, released just a few days ago. Which


says there should be a: The local council which has a


Conservative majority of one, has rejected the proposals from


Barretts Homes, one member of the authority said ministers hadn't


explained the new planning dispensation. This may not be what


they are intending to do to alarm people, but they need to come and


make things much clearer. If they are not intending, I think a lot of


people think they are just going to intend to swamp people with a lot


of housing. If this isn't their intention, and I don't think it is,


they need to make it clearer. are doing bad job of selling a


policy? Yes, I suppose so, really. Barbara Tait isn't the only one


with a long face. Many other Tories, and Liberal Democrats, are thought


to be uneasy about the proposed changes to planning. And an


unprecedented alliance of conservation groups and


environmental groups are lining up against them. But many say more new


houses are badly needed. Most experts reckon we need between


perhaps 250,000-350,000 new homes in Britain if we are to meet


housing needs, we are way off that. We think the planning plans are


part of the measures needed to address the housing shortage, and


ensure everyone gets a decent home. A shortage of housing stock was


alsos cited by Barrett Homes, for their so far frustrated plans for


It doesn't hurt the objectors' case that they a invoke the name of


Laurie Lee, the great countryman, it is not hard to know which side


he would be on. But concrete on his beloved valley, that would be like


taking pesticides to Wordsworth's Lake District. This stained glass


window, in celebration of Lee and his writing, will be dedicated at


his former parish church later this month. For now it won't be rattling


in its putty, as trucks and JCBs go down the valley. But the builders


eying Le, he's own home, are appealing the council's decision, -


Le, he's own home are appealing the council's decision. There is a lot


at stake inside the Rosy's country, the apple of a developer's eye.


With us to discuss this is the plan minister, Greg Clark and Simon


Jenkins, chairman of the National Trust, one of the organisations


campaigning against the Government's proposals. You say you


want to consult, if the vast majority of people with whom you


consult say there should not be a presumption in favour of the


developer, are you prepared to abandon that? Of course we will


listen to all the voices. We have been clear for a long time we think


it is important to simplify the planning system. My question was


whether you would listen, if the majority of people said you should


bane done the presumption in favour of the developer, you will drop it?


I'm not giving the answer before the consultation. We don't know


what the consultation will tell you, I'm interested to see how serious


you are taking it? It is important to simplify the planning process,


and have this presumption, how the presumption is expressed is an


important aspect, and we will take views on that. What is important,


and from your package there, is the land there would not be affected by


these proposals f it is protected landscape it would continue to be.


When you start using words like "nihilistic selfishness", or Vince


Cable talks about people being "semi-hysterical", what is the


reason or excuse for that sort of extreme language against people who


merely care what the countryside looks like? That was a quote from a


paper that quoted me saying quite the opposite, for people to say we


should have no development whatsoever, not to build the houses


we need for the future, in my experience, doesn't happen. To that


would-be selfish, and nihilisticically so if it happened,


my experience is most communities recognise the needs of the future.


You found this in your book, The English People. You recognised, I


seem to remember, when it came to parish council, that people who


lived in villages do care about the future, want to keep their pubs


alive and their families housed. How long has it been the policy of


the National Trust to oppose development and greater prosperity


for people? This is not about growth. There is a chronic shortage


for rural land at the moment, nor is it about housing, there are a


third of a million houses waiting to be built. There is no shortage


of brownfield sites. National Trust is in favour of development, we do


a certain amount of it ourselves. The issue here is the nature of the


release of countryside in 65% of Britain, that is still ordinary


countryside, unprotected, and it is now highly vulnerable under this


plan. I am afraid the truth of the matter is, this plan is not


Government legislation. This is one of those case where is a group of


lobbies have got away with murder and they are laughing all over


their face at the moment. Why have you chosen to conduct this so-


called consultation in the dog days of summer and ending just about the


time parliament resumes its proper business? That is very long


standing commitment, we published a green paper 18 months ago in


opposition. We put a call for evidence out in January of this


year. We have got a three month consultation, I have asked the


select committee in parliament to scrutinise it. It is not going to


be adopted until next year. So there is a lot of time. Did you


write this document? Did you write it Greg? Of course I did, yes.


There are 360 references to business development in planning


law, there are four references to the countryside. It is the most


biased document I have ever seen. It is not planning document, it is


a lobbying document. That is not true, if you read it in detail.


has read it in detail, he has given you a word count. I invite viewers


to look at it. You will see the protection for the green belt is


there. I'm not a nihilistic person, we are in favour of simplification,


the planning laws were often ludicrously diligent, no question


about that. A lot of land can be taken up for development no,


question about that. What is extraordinary about the document,


is the document might have been written by the British Property


Federation, and I rather suspect it was, they are laughing all over


their faces, they can't believe their luck. You have written a dud


document, it badly needs redrafting? The document was put


forward in response to the consultation that we made through


the call to evidence, and actually we had contributions from


environmentalist, from people interested in historic environment,


from people in social housing. We had a spokesman earlier. The


planning system brings together all of these different groups, these


people who depend on the planning system functioning. We agree that


the planning system has become lost in translation. It has become


excessively long and complex. I think we can agree it nids to be


simplified. I look forward to the response of this consultation, to


have a forensic look, if you are taking 1300 pages to 52 I'm sure


not every sentence is expressed with the clarity that it might be.


I have great respect for the National Trust and will take


seriously these contributions. is at the moment unacceptable, it


will be a license to every Swampy, every lawyer, every shouter, there


will be one row after another about this. It is because it is the badly


drafted piece of law. The planning bar at the moment can't believe


their luck. All this is because you have produced a dud document. I


would love it to be a good document. But please, please, take the


consultation seriously. I do take the consultation seriously. But the


context of this is this is giving power to local communities.


have refused the opportunity to say whether you will change your mind


on the basis of the consultation, how can you possibly be taking it


seriously? I do take the responses seriously, we will look at them


carefully. You have declined to say you will change your mind on the


basis of what you have been told? What been told by the social


housing providers, and people who have represented the countryside,


such as the farmers and the country land association, that this is


crucial for the rural environment. So of course we will consider these


views. All the people want development, the development they


want is housing or warehouses or supermarkets. The only lobbies you


found on your side are the people who want development, including


farmers, I may say. What is extraordinary, I love the localism


bit in the Localism Bill, it is good stuff, you ruin it in the


planning framework, by saying, in effect, if a developers wants


something, and a local community doesn't want it, the developer will


win. That is not true. It gets rid of the imposition from above and


gives the final say to local communities. Why do you refer to


Government planning policy constantly throughout the document.


Government planning policy is pro- development. Because this is a


statement of national policies that sets out protection for the green


belt. Have you thought there might be something wrong about a policy


that manages to incite the detestation of the National Trust,


the Woodland Trust, the mammal - mammal Society, the Open Spaces


Society, the Bat Conservation Trust. Has it occurred to you you might be


wrong? I think they are reading more into it than they should. The


protections that are there, for the environment we all love and cherish


are very strong. I look forward to sitting down and going through it


in detail. You yourself don't even believe t when it comes to your own


backyard you don't believe in building over the countryside. We


know you think where at all possible all developments should be


on brownfield sites? That is what you said in 2008? Of course


communities will want to bring in brownfield sites. When there was


proposals in your constituency, you said where possible developments


should be on post industrial and brownfield sites. He did say that.


It has been ended. Mew view is these decisions should be taken by


local communities, I think local communities will want to bring into


use derelict land, first, we shouldn't impose from above


requirements. If they wanted to, this is something I have fought for


in my constituency over many years, if they want the leafy aspect of a


town and preserve gardens in towns and rather make a choice to bring


into use a piece of land that might be at the edge of town by a roadway,


in order to keep leafy gardens within the towns, that should be


something open to that community. Why have you ended the presumption


in favour of developing existing derelict sites. The previous


presumption in favour of housing and development going on to what is


called brownfield sites, which are more derelict and empty sites than


ever before in Britain because of recession, that is ended. There is


a clear expectation that council should bring back into use derelict


sites. Colonel Gaddafi is still at large tonight, and a little earlier


tonight popped up again, as he does, talking about setting Libya ablaze.


He spent the 42nd anniversary of his coup somewhere in hiding.


TRANSLATION: I tack them with rifles, with bullets - attack them


with rifles, with bullets, let them speak, let it be a long battle. We


will fight from place to place, from city to city, from mountain to


mountain, let us shout at them they can't rule the Libyan people. Let


it be a long trial until the victory. While the colonel was in


full flow, the Friends of Libya, as they are officially known, were


gathering in Paris to meet the heads of the revolution that has


unseated him. 60 nations recognise the National Transitional Council


as the Government of Libya. Everyone from America to the


Palestinian Authority, including the newest member of this club,


Russia, who announced their membership today. Even the Chinese,


who once thought that no-one had any business protecting Libyans


from that nice Mr Gaddafi. The meeting was about to - how to


rebuild the country, of which all now claim to be sponsors.


David Cameron said tonight the early signs from Libya are


incredibly impressive, he said that NATO operations will continue as


long as they are needed, and those who have committed what he called


unspeakable crimes will be brought to justice. His overriteding theme


is that Libya will - overriding theme is that Libya will not become


another Iraq, and that the NATO intervention, the military campaign,


the bombing by Britain and France, has been fully vindicated. Last


time we met here in Paris, Gaddafi's tanks were at the gates


of Benghazi, and Gaddafi was openly vowing to hunt down and kill his


own people, as he called it, like rats. Massacre loomed. Five months


later, the Libyan people have taken their country back. Taking their


country back, but offer 4 years, what will they do with it after 42


years, what will they do with it. This conference is supposed to be


all about securing the peace and securing that future, that might be


more tricky than ousting Colonel Gaddafi.


They rolled up in their grand cars, each nation flying its own flag,


making its presence clear. 13 heads of state, 19 premiers, and


ministers and diplomats by the score. These are the Friends of


Libya, turning a page in the day's favoured phrase "opening a chapter,


and hoping for the best". This is the day the new leaders of Libya


introduced themselves to a wider world. A world where everyone seems


to have their own reasons for casting themselves as friends of


Libya, a world in which the new leaders of Libya, need all the


friend they can get. - all the friends they can get.


This is a North African born academic, who has lectured on Libya


politics in Europe and the US. He has watched the discussions here in


Paris, when they have yet to enter their own capital, Tripoli.


They don't have any legitimacy, they were not elected. It is so


Arabic. Why do you say it is so Arabic? Because for them it is


always running for the support of the western countries. And in a


certain way, in my vue, there was a complicity of western countries -


view, there was a complicity of western countries, about what


happened for 50 years in this area. Without the support of the western


countries, they never can stay for 42 years. History has to be buried


as well? Of course. The RAF were in action yesterday, their bombs and


flares assisting the anti-Gaddafi forces. In France, President


Sarkozy, is hoping the success of the Libyan mission, will also help


his election campaign. Even some of his oppont ponnents believe his


motivation - opponents believe his motivation goes beyond that, recent


history recalls the war in the Balkans. What did not happen in


time in Bosnia, when the city of Srebrenica, was emptied of its male


inhabitants, who were subsequently destroyed, when faced with a


similar contingency in Benghazi, when Gaddafi promised to chase the


rebels like rats in the city, there was the opportunity to demonstrate


that what the previous generation had gotten wrong, this generation


was going to get right. Indeed tonight, President Sarkozy spoke of


what he considered the great success of the Libyan intervention,


with the horrors of what happened in Yugoslavia. TRANSLATION: What we


wanted to see was a policy backed and authorised by the United


Nations, which puts military might at the service of protecting


civilians populations likely to be massacred and martyred by their own


leadership. There have been tens of thousands of lives that have been


spared in Libya, thanks to this intervention.


In the Megreb itself there is apprehension about what has


happened in Libya. In these uncertain days they are seeking


guarantees, assurances, that the fighting will stop at the borders.


They have to give some assurance to the neighbour, Tunisia, Al Goreia,


Egypt, that this destablisation is not going to spread around them.


Especially in Algeria. The risk exists. You never know, but there


are 150 tribes in Lybia, it is not nation. What unites all Libyans


today is need. The first �140 million of Libyan bank notes was


flown in from the printing plant in the UK. It was Libya's own cash


frozen by sanctions. There is billions more where that came from,


and it can't arrive quickly enough. That sense of urgency was reflected


in the comments of the UN Secretary-General in Paris tonight.


The immediate challenge for us, for the international community, is how


to address humanitarian challenges. Roughly 860,000 people have left


the country since February, including skilled workers. Medicine,


food, and particularly water, are in short supply. There is a major


crisis on this matter. How confident are they that what


was agreed today will stick? think everybody knows that there


are potentially very serious divisions here. President Sarkozy


was asked with David Cameron, why he and his friend, Dave from


Downing Street, hadn't actually gone to trip trim themselves. They


tried to laugh it off - Tripoli themselves. And they tried to laugh


it off and say they will go when they are invited by the


transitional council will invite them. Nobody mentioned that the


people from that council themselves had yet to venture into their own


capital city. This is tricky. are events going down in Libya


tonight itself. We're in Benghazi. What's the word? Well, obviously


most people here in Benghazi are delighted by the symbolic aspect of


this conference, and maybe that is the most important aspect, the


welcoming of Libya's new leadership into the international community.


Beyond that, a senior figure in the National Transitional Council this


evening gave me a long and very interesting list of what he thinks,


and what the council thinks, Libya needs first in terms of practical


help. He talked first of all about administrative and technical help


getting the economy and the oil industry going again. They think


that can be done within three months. Help in training the police,


because although the new Libya has firmly rejected the offer of


foreign boots on the ground, it is very worried about law and order.


It is worried that police are only capable at the moment of serving a


dictatorship, not a democracy interestingly, he also talked about


help in recording human rights abuse, because they are convinced


they will find more mass graves of Gaddafi victims. That said, and


that's already sounding part of what would be a colossal task in


rebuilding, it is important to say that Libya does have some


considerable advantages compared to some other post conflict countries,


not only the oil industry, but also a very sizeable and educated


middle-class and many people, as Ban Ki-Moon referred to, gone away,


but many coming back, skilled emgreys, and want to go serve the


country again. We're joined by Ban Ki-Moon's adviser responsible for


the conflict in Libya. I gather you are off to Libya? I hope to be in


Tripoli on Saturday. What is your job there? This first visit will be


to continue discussion that is we have been having with the National


Transitional Council about exactly what role they want the United


Nations to play. Secretary-general Ban Ki-Moon, and those of us on his


delegation, had that discussion here today in Paris, with Chairman


Jalisco, and Dr Jibril, that followed on earlier discussions I


had. We want to be sure whatever the UN does corresponds to Libyan


wishes, and needs as we understand them on the ground.


How strange is it that the National Transitional Council is anointed in


France but failing to set foot on the ground in Tripoli? Several


members of the National Transitional Council are in Tripoli,


and have been for some time, including a deputy Prime Minister


and other ministers of the council. But I'm not sure exactly what the


latest plans are for the top leaders of the National


Transitional Council to go there. When they do they will start a


process in which they have already made some time-bound commitments,


as to when elections will take place. And one of the issues they


have made most clear today and previously, is they are looking to


the United Nations for support, is in the unfolding of an electoral


process, a process in which constitutions will be adopted and


endorsed by a referendum. You may have heard this in private


conversation, but it wasn't public today, this question of the eight-


month timetable before the re- elections, that didn't seemed to be


mentioned today. Was it privately, are they still sticking to that?


didn't discuss the timing, but the National Transitional Council,


there is in writing, they have adopted a covenant that it has been


their intention to prom mull gate an interim constitution on the


formal day of declaration as they put it. What will be the main task


for the UN in Libya? Electoral support is one of them, also


transitional justice, the difficult balance they will have to strike,


between accountability within the law for the most serious human


rights violations, compensation to victims, but on the other hand the


need for national reconciliation, and more broadly, the kind of human


rights and rule of law area. Then, of course, there is a huge agenda


of economic recovery. Today there were many offers of assistance


around the table in Paris. But both the major international actors, and


the Libyans themselves, have made clear that they want the United


Nations to take the lead in co- ordinating that. Co-ordination is


really very important in a post- conflict situation. We probably


have more mistakes than positive experiences to learn from in recent


post-conflict context. You are confident, are you, that they have


a coherent plan that they will stick to? They certainly have plan.


One can't say that is not going to be subject to further discussion.


Because indeed one of the first things that they are committed to


is expanding the base of the National Transitional Council


itself. Which will serve as the sort of first body designating


within 30 days an interim Government. And they themselves are


saying, and everybody in the international community is saying,


it is extremely important that council is as inclusive as possible


of different sections of Libyan society. So I think there are some


decisions to be made there, first. In the meantime, they have,


effectively, to rebuild the entire apparatus of Government, haven't


they? I wouldn't go so far as that. They are very clear that one lesson


they have learned from Iraq, or reject any general comparisons with


Iraq, is the mistake that is made if you do try to disband, wholesale,


existing institutions. Whether it is the security forces, or the


public administration. So I don't think they intend to do that. But


the problem is, although there was some institutions in Libya, the


national oil company, the Central Bank, that were run by extremely


competent technocrats, loot of the other institutions of an


accountable democratic state have run efficiently. That applies to


elections, there is no living memory of elections in Libya.


Next week we will see the 10th anniversary when out of the clear


blue sky two airplanes were flown into the world trade centres in New


York City. Over 2,000 people perished. The Twin Towers released


a cloud of toxic dust that blanketed Lower Manhatten and


Brooklyn and New Jersey. Over 18,000 people have received


treatment for World Trade Center related illnesses. More fatalities


are expected. We report now from New York.


A sight that has become the definition of terror. The


destruction of the Twin Towers. An onslaught that killed nearly


3,000 people. But ten years on, the attack isn't over.


The dust that overwhelmed the streets of Lower Manhatten, became


a weapon. The clouds contained particles of pulverised concrete.


Asbestos, lead from 50,000 computers. Murky from countless


light bull - mercury from countless lightbulbs, a poisonous legacy,


Jeff Endean is one of those who breathed in that dust. Today he's


seeing one of his doctors, Mike Crane, at New York's mountsi nigh


hospital. - mountsi nigh Hospital. He has coughing fits like this all


the time. A police officer, he was at Ground Zero for three months,


first searching for survivors, then clearing up remains. This is a


regular check-up. The dust has exacted a heavy price.


Jeff used to be highly active, an expert in firearms, his health has


collapsed and he's now retired. We first met him and his wife Eileen


at their home in New Jersey five years ago.


I have scaring on my lungs, plural thickening, some kind of leisons, a


reactive airway disease. Today another battery of tests. According


to a recent study, emergency responders are suffering from


reduced breathing capacity, and they are not getting better. Take a


breathe force it out, keep blowing, keep blowing, inhale quickly, take


it out of your mouth. Are you OK?


Uniform staff, like Jeff, were on the frontline. Police, firemen,


medical workers. Here is were the people the world saw battling


through the wreckage. But out of sight, beyond the cameras, was an


army of people toiling in the dust as well. Telecoms engineers,


contractors and cleaners. The latest official US Government


figures show that just over 60,000 people are now registered as being


at risk from inhaling the dust. Most of them are emergency workers.


A staggering 18,462 received medical treatment in the last 12


months. A number that's steadily rising. We still have new patients,


new bona fide genuine responders, who we have never seen before,


never been examined by a programme before, walking in the door every


day. We have 100-200 a month coming in. The word "dust ", itself,


sounds so innocent. So why exactly was this mixture so hazardous, and


why did it trigger such a huge impact. This scene was found in a


home close to Ground Zero, thousands of local residents were


vulnerable to the dust. The teddy bear was spotted by scientist,


loyal loyal loyal, while he was gathering - - by a scientist while


he was gathering samples. He and his colleagues examined the dust,


it was like nothing they had ever seen before. It was a collection of


different materials. Both buildings collapsed, there was cement, in


addition there was glass fibres, which basically were due to the


disintegration of 110 stories of glass, on each building. On top of


that you had residuals from the jet fuel, which basically bathed the


dust as both structures fell. mixed in there was a very long list


of toxins, asbestos, known to cause lung cancer, dioxins, notorious for


damaging the immune system, and dozens of others, like PCB, all


dangerous. But how do we know they are to blame? Well, at Mount Sinai


Medical Centre in Manhattan, they are seeing growing evidence. This


is the largest of the monitoring and treatment programmes. It is


where thousands of patients are seen. It is where a link between


the dust and their health looks more and more plausible. Even to


experts who first doubted it. on I wasn't convinced that we would


have chronic disease out of this. In a very short period of time,


weeks after 9/11, I was totally convinced. Absolutely and totally


convinced, and I remain so today, more so than ever.


Overshadowing all of this is a grim question. Whether inhaling the dust


We travelled south, out of New York City, to the home of a family with


bitter experience of the dust. James was a New York detective, a


popular figure, a non-smoker, the winner of numerous police awards


and a father. He worked at Ground Zero for more than 400 hours. Soon


his health declined dramatically. He became so ill he had to move in


with his parents. His father, is a retired police chief. He made sure


his son took his medications. But then, one morning, five years ago,


Joe went to wake his son. morning he didn't come out. I


waited until 9.30, and then he didn't come out. So I went up to


check on him. I found him dead on the floor. He was dead on the floor.


They took him away, and he was so young. I even said to the police, I


said see if you can get an autopsy done on him. They said coroner


already said he would do an autopsy. He's not going to sign a death


certificate until he does an autopsy, because he was so young,


and he wanted to know why he passed away.


The funeral, in January 2006, was a turning point. A pathologist


concluded that James Zadroga died of a rare lung disease, caused by


World Trade Center trust. The first official link between the dust and


a loss of life. The finding was disputed, but it also galvanised a


campaign for a new law, an act in James Zadroga's gaim name, to help


survivors - name, to help survivors. This weighty file is the Zadroga


Act, it is pages spelling out who is entitled to help. This doctor is


in charge of the file. He accepts that the world centre impact is


serious. Undoubtedly - World Trade Center impact is serious.


Undoubtedly there are people who have succumbed between the 9/11


attack and now. Do you think it is plausible that some people will die


of their exposure? Oh yes. I think that it is plausible to think that


way. So, yes, people could die of many of these conditions that we


have seen associated with the exposures.


So, ten years on, there is now, finally, official recognition of


the threat. But the fact that it has take be so long, is a source of


bitterness. There is a suspicion that the risks of the dust were


played down at the time. # God bless America


# My home sweet home Just one week after the attacks,


the New York Stock Exchange re- opened. A potent symbol of recovery.


Office workers, schoolchildren and residents were urged to return. But,


was this too soon. The dust was still everywhere. Scientists


carried out checks around Ground Zero. And the head of the


Environmental Protection Agency declared the air safe to breathe.


We're monitoring constantly, we have taken dust samples and, except


for one time, one sample, one reading, and that came from dust


from a car from the epicentre, we have not seen any reason, any


reading that is indicate a health has standard.


Christine Todd Whitman has always toad by that statement, saying the


finds - stood by that statement, saying the findings on air quality


were correct. We asked for an interview, but she declined. We


turned to one of her former adviser, were the authorities ignoring the


dangers to reopen Manhattan. He blames others for misunderstanding


what she was saying. Based upon the asbestos results, the area around


Ground Zero was safe except for the pile. There was the caution, and


the EPA did say there are other things in there we don't know about.


So I didn't find any fault with what she said, I blame the media, I


blame the officials in the Government for trying to put us at


ease much too quickly. Hopefully we learned something. As a scientist,


you know what's in the dust, would you have been happy to return to an


apartment near Ground Zero within a week? Yes, if I had a respirator on,


absolutely. Without one, would you have gone there?


The huge construction project at Ground Zero, gathers pace. A vision


of optimisim, in a city back on its feet. But among those who worked on


the rubble, a new fear is emerging, that the dust didn't only lead to


the illnesses we are seeing now, it is also causing cancers. That's one


reason why there is a legal battle for compensation. I think we will


be seeing new diseases develop, 20, 30 years from now. It is going to


be a long, long period where more and more people get sick over the


course of time. This is just the beginning, this is not ten years


out the end. We're going to be facing people getting sick with


9/11-related injuries, and illnesses for another 20 years, at


least. When you come to New York and hear


the words "lawyer" and compensation, and you would be for given for


being cynical, this is the most lit tiingous city on the planet. When


you hear one of their health officials saying he thinks more


people will die because of the dust that billowed over here ten years


ago, you realise this is a serious and growing problem. The whole


question of the health impacts of 9/11, aren't just relevant on this,


the 10th anniversary, they will be relevant for many more


Overlooking Manhattan, a memorial to James Zadroga, and a generation


born after 9/11. The attack won't be forgotten. Because for so many,


it is not over. Next week we will be reflecting on


how the world has changed in the decades since 9/11, culminating in


a special programme, with Kirsty, live from New York, next Friday.


Tomorrow morning's front pages now, the Telegraph reports that the


changes to the planning laws we were talking about earlier, would


result in about another 1,000 more major developments every year. The


Financial Times has a picture of Strauss Khan returning to his home.


Madonna is on the front releasing a film premiering yesterday, it was


said to be Morrisable than anyone To expect! Peter Twis died today,


the first man to fly at more than 1,000 miles an hour. He achieved


the feat in 1956. Delta two preparing for the flight that will


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