18/11/2013 Newsnight


Investigating the NHS's treatment of patients with brain injuries. A look at the ex-bank boss filmed allegedly buying drugs. Are women bishops on the way? With Kirsty Wark.

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Newsnight exposes the shocking treament being meths out to - meted


out to those in brain injury specialist units. Grant the staff


are coming in, they will come in, you have been told repeatedly the


staff are coming to wash you. We have to have handover first. The NHS


Trust involved accept it was appalling. Will be talking to a


former patient who has been through the system, and with her, the woman


who is playing a key role in sorting it out. Rare pictures of Guantanamo


detention camp have been broadcast on US television. Act with us like a


human being, not like slaves. That is the voice of Shakar Ama, a UK


resident. His lawyer is here with his reaction. We're treated to the


first guided tour of Tate Britain transformed.


Good evening, when someone suffers a severe brain injury, their chances


of recovery often rest upon the quality of the programme of


rehabilitation they receive. Sometimes relatives find it very


difficult to gauge the quality of that care. But what is indisbutable


is an expertise in care for brain-injured patients is uneven


across England. We have the story of desperate measures of a man's


treament in rehabilitation specialists. Every 90 seconds -- in


seconds their life and the lives of their families are changed. That's


what happened to Grant Clarke, he was 43 when he had a massive brain


emridge. He dropped the children off at school and then he was arranging


to go motor cross the following day, he had gone over to where the


motorbikes were scored and just collapsed. Grant was left severely


physically disabled, mentally he was fine but he couldn't really speak.


18 months on he's still not home, and his partner feels he was let


down by poor care at his first specialist rehab unit. I was told he


would be there for 3-4 months, and I thought rehabilitation was exactly


that, rehabilitation, to get you home. After injury the brain has to


effectively build new pathways so that the person can regain the


ability to do things. That can take weeks, months, even years. And it


shows why it is so important to have good care and rehabilitation. That


process of helping Grant relearn skills was meant to happen here, at


the West Kent neuro-Rehab bill station unit. Not long after he


arrived here in August last year, they started to worry. He didn't


have his teeth washed his armpits watches, he was in urine all the


time, every time I went to see him wet to his armpits and cold. She


felt her complaints were ignored, so decided to taken a extreme step. He


was trying inconsolably, and I said would it be better if I got a camera


for your room. He stopped crying almost immediately and nodded yes.


From the first day the secret camera picked up care that shocked Binny.


This LAELT care worker starts cleaning the top of the tube that


delivers food, fluid and medicine straight to Grant's stop marks care


is needed because of the risk of infection. She does use an


antiseptic wipe, but also borrows a pen and uses that. And over ten days


Grant's call bell, his means of getting help is taken away for three


times, for between ten and 16 minutes. On this occasion, when he


presses the bell, a healthcare worker notes he's wet with urine,


and said he will have to wait until staff changeover is finish. Still


waiting five minutes later he buzzes again. This time a senior member of


staff comes in and takes away the call bell. More than ten minutes


later and with no call bell Grant starts pressing a keypad to get


attention. When the same woman returns she's not pleased. By now


Grant has been sitting in his own urine for more than a quarter of an


hour. But what Binny saw two nights


running horrified her, Grant wasn't meant to have anything by mouth,


unable to swallow, choking could be life threatening for him. The camera


shows an experienced healthcare worker giving Grant drinks of water


on five occasions. Here Grant starts to cough, the worker whispers him to


keep it quiet. Binny was really worried and overall Grant was making


no progress. He had to get out of there, I knew that he wouldn't come


home, I told them he wouldn't come home if he stays here and you keep


treating him like this, he's not going to make him home. Questioned


by police the healthcare worker said he regretted giving the drinks and


now realised his poor judgment had endangered Grant, no charges were


brought. The West Kent unit said it specialised in eurorehabilitation,


but shockingly -- neurorehabilitation, but shockingly,


an investigation found only one member of staff had specialist


training in brain injury. The Trust upheld the 26 complaints that the


family made against the Trust for the four months he was here last


year and he was moved to place a safety. The Trust says:


I think the attitude of the staff is very important as well. Professor


Mike cap Barnes has specialised in euro-rehabilitation medicine for


four decades. He says it is difficult to find people with


specialist training in this field but it is vital. You can't do good


quality rehabilitation without good quality people. It is not about


fancy equipment or scans, or equipment at all, it is about the


quality of the person that provides the hands-on assistance. He believes


that services for people with acquired brain injuries are too hit


and miss. There are some very good rehabilitation centres in this


country. But equally, I'm afraid, there are units around the country


that really don't provide proper co-ordinated rehabilitation at all.


Yet that is what they are called, that, I think, is a sad reflection


on something that needs to be done. And it's people like Shamell


Courtney and her husband Mark, who have experienced what a lack of


specialist care can mean in practice time and again. In March 2007 Mark


had a major asthma attack, it left him severely brain-damaged. He needs


24-hour care, round the clock, one-to-one. He's totally dependant


on all his needs, nutritional, manual handling, washing, dressing,


absolutely everything. So long after the brain injury her concerns now


are less about Mark's rehabilitation, more about the


failings in basic care which has meant she has been asked to train


staff herself. He has been in four different placements in the past


six-and-a-half years, I have not found that any placement is ideal.


They all have their serious risks to these patients. That if I wasn't


there, then you know, I don't think he would be here either. For Grant


Clarke, being in a new unit that is providing good care and the


rehabilitation he needs seems to be making a real difference. At the


last place he was told his future was in a nursing home. Thanks to the


progress he has made here, he's now starting to spend time back home


with his family. There is good evidence that although


rehabilitation costs more money clearly than someone going home or


to a nursing home. That money is recouped over two-to-three years by


that person requiring less support from the state, getting back to work


and therefore earning money. So the short-term investment in further


rehabilitation for six months or a year will be recouped by the state


over two-to-three years. Grant is now starting to speak more, and he


has clear goals. What is it you want to achieve? To walk. To walk. What


about going home, how important is that to you? Very. Very. The fight


to get the right help has added to the trauma they faced. They find


that hard to understand. We asked NHS England to come on to Newsnight


tonight and discuss care provision for patients with brain injuries,


nobody was available. But the National Clinical Direct for


Rehabilitation and Recovery in the Community gave the


Here tonight we have Kate Allatt who survived Lock In Syndrome, and knows


how vital good treatment is, and a rehab specialist who has been asked


to lead the NHS for the revised treatment of brain injury patients.


Good evening to both of you. What do you make of Grant Clarke's story?


Well, it is difficult to comment on individual cases of course. But


really that doesn't look at all the sort of standard one would expect to


have. I think the point about that is that it really underlines the


necessity to have patients who have complex disabilities cared for by


staff. One staff was specialist in the treatment. That is


extraordinary, calling itself a specialist unit and one trained


specialist unit? And the British society of the Rehabilitation


Medicine has set out standards to say what we would expect staff to be


on those specialised unit, and the recommendation is at least a third


of the staff to have specialised training in the nursing staff.


Before I talk about what happened to you, I know you campaign on behalf


of relatives and families. Presumably Grant Clarke and Mark's


cases are not isolated? They are not isolated. There are a lot of people


I deal with who have great experiences in rehab, if they get


the opportunity to go to rehab. Which isn't always the case. So I


have to say that, there are some good example, mine was very good.


But this was appalling. Appalling, my heart goes out. But how often do


we see vulnerable people in society being neglected like that, across


all sectors. And for you, what happened to you? I had a brainstem


stroke with Locked In Syndrome in February 2010, that left me unable


to do anything to communicate through blinking. That was it,


nothing else moved. I felt everything but I could move nothing.


The process of getting better, is it about a partnership, the way that


nurse was talking to Grant like a child. Well again I think that is


appalling and very patronising, I think that is very controlling. I


think the key thing in rehabilitation units there should be


a specialised neuroteam, speech therapist, neuro-psychologist,


neuro-physiotherapists, and I think especially in europsychologists, as


part of a re-- neuro-psychologists, I think you need loved ones on


board. You were unable to communicate, they wouldn't know if


you were receiving proper care or not? Exactly, and also you have to


also factor in the fact that loved ones tend to, a lot of loved ones


tend to believe the doctor in the white coat because they don't know


any different. Part of the problem is that you can't be guaranteed, as


we said, what did Professor Michael Baines said, that there were units


that don't provide proper co-ordinated care at all. It is a


postcode lottery? Indeed, it is fair to say up until now rehabilitation


has been something of a Cinderella speciality. Much of the focus has


been on acute and frontline services. Specialised rehabilitation


hasn't had the level of prioritisation that we would want to


see. Is that because as the professor was saying that the


initial injection of cash is high for rehabilitation, but it is down


the line that the savings are made and trusts saying they can't afford


it? It does look expensive to start off with, when you see those


advantages play out over the life of the patient and we're often looking,


as indeed in this film and quite young patients who have got the rest


of their lives to really make the gains. Is that about the budgets of


hospitals, they would like to think about the outcome three or four


years down the road, but they are concerned about their budget over


the next 12 months. Absolutely, that is partly the way the system is


funded at the moment going from year-to-year. Are you suggesting it


shouldn't be funded like that? No, I think one would like to see


long-term planning and strategy really trying to make sure that we


take advantage. We have, as Mike said really good evidence that


rehabilitation can be cost effective, we need to make sure we


do reap those benefits. On just the question of your rehabilitation, how


did that play out, were you with the same staff, did you have continuity


of care. I was in ICU for nine weeks and then went to 0s George Osborne


straight there, and they were an amazing team. They had a very driven


patient. Motivation of the loved one, motivation of the patient and


the team, who identified with a young mother with three kids at


home, it was easy for them to do something for me, because they could


see and feel my might. They got out of me as much as I did out of them.


It was two-way and I worked hard. I think that is important. Also


rehabilitation, I have to say the rehabilitation should start earlier


than it does in this country, it should start in ICU as it does in


Denmark, two days after the coma. J In a moment rare access to the side


of Guantanamo pay BAI detention camp. The Reverend Paul Flowers who


led the Co-Op bank when it almost fell off the precipice was charged


with allegedly trying to buy cocaine. Today the accusations about


his behaviour were less about the drug deal about how about man with


almost no experience of banking got the job in the first place. A review


has been announced by the bank. Talk about breaking bad with a dose


of breaking banks to go with it. The story of Paul DMROURS is


extraordinary as it is multileveled. A Methodist minister, who


aauthoriseding a Sunday newspaper sting put the meth into Methodist.


Handing over ?200 for buying drugs. What else are we going to get, Ket?


Up until June he was chairman of the Co-Op bank, a bank that went from


one financial disaster to another, eventually being bailed out by hedge


funds. The Reverend's life was in contrast to his poorer banking


experience. I worked for bank for four years after I left school, and


I undertook the examinations of the Institute of Bankers, I completed


part one and the best part of part two of those explanations before I


went to become a Methodist minister. So I have some experience but I


would judge that experience was largely out of date in relation to


the needs of contemporary banking, nonetheless I still had that


grounding. All that training in pre-desminute analogue banking four


decades ago must have been some use. Still he would be right on the money


to give us the modern numbers, wouldn't he. Give everybody who is


listening to this an idea of the size of the Co-Op Bank, roughly what


is your total asset value? About just over ?3 billion. I'm talking


about the assets so we are looking at the balance sheet here. I'm


talking about the balance sheets and the asset figures were ?3 billion.


You are offering me and I'm telling you that your annual accounts show


it at ?47 billion. Indeed they did, forgive me. Your loan book is about


?32 billion. It is one of the features of our banking crisis that


when the dust settled it was clear that many of the people who had been


approved by the regulators to steward our most important


institutions were in retrospect wholly unsuitable. Though on the


evidence of recent revelations, perhaps the Reverend Paul Flowers


will be in a league of his own. Earlier I spoke to the chair of the


Treasury Select Committee you saw there, I began by asking him how


someone like Paul Flowers could be chairman of a large bank without any


banking experience? What we discovered, if we didn't already


know, is that the system of regulation was a flop, a failure. It


was scarcely worth having. This called approved persons regime meant


almost anybody could get through. I think it is important that we find


out how exactly he was scrutinised. How he did get through in this


specific case, and I will be writing to the regulators to ask them that


question. He was interviewed by the FSA to be a non-executive director


and he had a second interview when he became a chairman, this is at the


height of the banking crisis. It is quite extraordinary at least I would


feel it would be extraordinary did we not already know on the banking


commission, which I also chaired in the summer, that this regime, this


approved persons regime was not fit for purpose. That is why we


recommended not to reform it but abolish it and replace it by


something much more robust. Are you confident that your recommendations


will be implemented in full? I can't be fully confident yet, it is


crucial that parliament and the banking commissioners hold the


Government's feet to the fire on this and make sure they implement


these proposals in full. They are a package of measures, if taken


together, can make a material difference to the way banks behave.


You highlighted something to David Cameron something you worry will not


be implemented what is that? There are a number, the Government haven't


worked out the definition of a bank for the purposes of the legislation,


that was made clear in the debate in the House of Lords, the Government


have gone to think about it. Their definition of a banks could exclude


investment banks. Most of us feel investment banks should be included


in the licensing regime that we have proposed in the replacement for the


very regime that went wrong here with the Reverend Flowers. When he


was in front of you, at the Treasury select, did you have any idea that


perhaps it was something to do with his lifestyle that he might have


been behaving the way, say in the assets of the bank saying they were


?3 billion and not ?40 billion? We will never know why he seemed in a


sense slightly short of the odd fact about the bank that he was running.


It is extraordinary that he had no idea at all about the asset base of


his own bank after several years as chairman. Now, there are lots of


non-executives in banks, are you confident that all the


non-executives in large banks in this country are up to the job? You


can FLEFR be -- never be absolutely confident of that. We have put in


place a regulatory regime we are hoping the Government will


implement. If it is implemented fully should achieve that. That


means intensive interviews, not only at the beginning, but also during


people's tenure, to pick up whether anything is going wrong, a very


detailed list of what their responsible for, as individuals,


which can then be checked back to see how they are doing. And with


these interviews conducted by very senior people. I understand the veg


lators are -- regulators are beginning to do that. The problem is


going forward you could have these interviews for non-executive


directors that are more rigorous to ascertain their background and


experience. I'm talking about the non-executive directors in the banks


at the moment. Can you retrospectively test them? Of


course, one can have them come forward to be looked at to see if


they fit the standards of the new regime. And in time those incumbents


should be checked in that way. Are you confident the Government will go


ahead and implement that in full? I'm confident that the spirit is


willing. We have to make sure that the flesh doesn't weaken.


Thank you very much indeed. Get with the programme, and get on with it.


That was David Cameron's instruction when he made his displeasure clear


last year after the Church of England had rejected the ordination


of women bishops. This week new legislation thrashed out between


different groupings in the church will be debated at the synod, if the


synod approves it, it will be the first step towards the concecration


of women bishops as early as next year. Opposition to the reform is


crumbling by the day. The synod began with a rousing hymn


of praise to Jesus, and prayers for the unity of the church in line with


the usual practice. In this bastion of tradition. But even here, immured


in Westminster, a modern world has intervened, no longer can the church


afford to insulate itself against a fast-moving technological society,


which prizes equality so highly, and finds discrimination hard to


understand. Women have served as Anglican priests for almost 20


years, and now make up almost a third of the Clergy. Priests such as


Rosie Harper have become increasingly impatient as successive


attempts to create women bishops have ended in failure. Well I think


the way the world, the country in particular, the whole world reacted


to the "no" vote in November was a real wake-up call. People are only


just beginning to realise in the Church of England how ridiculous we


look from the outside. And we had such a precious place in our


society, being the conscience for the country, people would refer to


the church, see what we believed and that would be a touchstone. Because


of that vote amongst other things this has been reversed in recent


years, so that the country in many ways thinks they have deeper and


higher ethical values than the church. In November last year lay


members of the synod blocked the legislation by a narrow margin,


arguing that it did too little to he can cement traditionalists from


serving under bishops. If anyone has a Bible. After the tears of last


November, there is a lighter mood this week. Or even an iPad would be


wonderful! New proposals for women bishops have generated a sense of


expectation, even excitement. After years of bitter debate, the Church


of England seems this week to be genuinely on the brink of an


historic decision, to accept women bishops. Despite being offered


rather less than before, low church evangelicals and High Church


Catholics seem to be ready to bow to the inevitable. The reason, apart


from the continuing damage to the church done by the debate, and the


increasing bewilderment of the world outside, it seems to come down to a


relatively simple plan. The appointment of an independent


arbitrator or ombudsman. The latest proposals have been simplified and


if passed would lead to the legislative process being speeded


up. Leading to a final vote on women bishops next July. This time


concessions to traditionalists would not be written into the law. But


critically they would be backed by an ombudsman-style independent


reviewer. For traditionalists on the Catholic wing of the church, such as


David Holding, Jesus's choice only of men as apostles means that women


are simply incapable of being priests. Still less bishops. But


Father Holding is now ready to compromise. I think it is inevitable


it can go through, I don't think we can carry on holding this back, it


doesn't do us good we waste a lot of time and energy. It is very


important that we do move forward. I have always said we want to move


forward together. I haven't seen that possibility in the past. I see


it now. That is why this is quite exciting. Others who voted against


women bishops last November are also changing their minds. We helped to


defeat it because we believed that it was putting at risk some


absolutely essential elements in the tradition. And we needed to make


sure that those people would still be with us, would be able to go on


serving Jesus in that way. I believe that this legislation may be able to


do that. Even the cleric leading conservative


evangelicals in synod is ready to accept the inevitable. The church is


on the brink of women bishops and I personally think that is contrary to


what the Bible advises for church order, but it is not an essential


issue and therefore it is one that we can learn to live with each other


on. Provided everybody sticks to their side of the bargain. A final


vote next July and confirmation by Anglican diocese could see women


sitting among the bishops by 2015. Little did the church know that the


sol illusion lay in turning to a new figure in the process, the


arbitrator. CBS's 60-Minutes Programme has broadcast from inside


Guantanamo Bay, where 164 men suspected of being as terrorists


have been kept indefinitely without charge. In the film which shows the


tension inside the prison, you can hear the voice of a British prisoner


shouting out. He was identified as Shak Amr, his lawyer is with us. How


significant is the new footage? It is significant, it is very rare for


film crews to get access to Guantanamo Bay, it gives youen sight


into what life is like inside the prison. If we look at it here, we


see guards walking up and down the corridor in camp 5, prisoners are


held in single cells, others in isolation. Here we have more insight


into life in a cell. And you can see someone going about day-to-day


business. And a group of prisoners reaching the point where they go for


prayers. Again we see the guards going up and down with the


protective massingks on, which -- masks on, because we are told the


prisoners will sometimes throw things at them. What about this


British resident? We are dealing with Shaka Amr, a British resident


and Saudi national. This is his Department of Defence US file. And


basically this file alleges that the detainee is a member of Al-Qaeda,


tied to the European support network. It is important to say that


he denies this and he has never been tried for it. Let's have a look at


what he was saying now. Even you leave us to die in peace. Or even


tell the world the truth. Open up the place. Let the world come and


visit. Please Colonel, act with us like a human being. Not like slaves.


You cannot walk not even half a metre without being chained. Is that


a human being? That's a treatment of an animal! Thank you very much, I'm


joined by the lawyer of the prisoner. You have been in there


many times, what did you make of what you could see there? I have to


say I have been there 30 times, I have spent almost a year down there,


that is the first time I have ever seen someone with those masks on. I


see the soldiers every time. This was all set up for CBS. They took


them to one block on camp 5 and they tried to structure it in the words


of Colonel Bogden, the guy in charge, to show that every single


prisoner there is an evil Al-Qaeda person trying to kill everybody, it


is total nonsense. But your own client there has been this series of


letters and the UK Government and the US President asking for his


return to the UK. What has happened to that? I think the most important


thing we need to recognise is for all the allegations that people have


made, Shaka has been cleared for release for six years now. And he's


still sitting there. What we have to ask ourselves and what Shakar asks


themself every day, if I'm cleared where -- himself every day, if I'm


cleared why am I here. I sent a letter tonight to William Hague


because he had written a personal letter about everything the


Government had done. And Shakar wanted to thank William Hague, and


wanted to ask him why is he still there. As Richard was saying he has


been described as an Al-Qaeda affiliate? Well he's not. You know,


I was down there the other day and I said what I have often said which is


put up or shut up. And he has been cleared, he isn't an Al-Qaeda


affiliate, he never hadding? To do with Al-Qaeda. How was he cleared?


He was cleared by Bush and Obama, it is not like it is one person, all


six of the major American secret agencies, the CIA, the FBI, everyone


else has got together and said this guy is not a threat to anyone. Why


isn't he coming home? Oh please, would you tell me. I will tell you


why I think t this is what Shakar says, I can't talk about the


classified evidence I have seen. I have to be clear about that. What


seems clear, as much as I don't doubt for one second the bona fides


of David Cameron and William Hague, I think they are being stabbed in


the back by the British Intelligence Services. Shakar has given a


three-day statement about British complicity in torture, the only way


that becomes a criminal case against certain people is if he comes back


to Britain and is a proper witness. If he's shipped to Saudi Arabia he


can never be a witness and the case ends. I'm afraid there has been a


lot of secret stuff going on behind people's backs and I wish people


would stop it and just be up front. Do you think that films like this


actually have any impact on the Obama Government? Do you know I


don't really care. What this did was for the first time Shakar's daughter


who hasn't seen him for 12 years, and his son, who has never seen his


father, he was born on Valentine's Day in 2 O2, 2 -- 20 O2, the day he


was put into detention. They heard their dad, and they were thrilled. I


just hope those kids get to see their dad. While politicians and


business leaders argue about the health of the economy, one sector


enjoys rude good health, the art market. A work by a British artist,


Francis Bacon, has set a new record of ?90 million at auction. And Tate


Britain is about to unveil a ?40 million refit. At the centre of it


all is the great Tate Panjandrum. Has he turned art anything something


that will rival art, or has it exerted unfair influence.


We went on a tour of his gaff. It is all a kind of alchemy, in these lean


times, ?45 million conjured out of thin air, to splash on a grand


refurbishment of the original Tate Gallery. Shimmering into view is the


sourcer himself, Sir Nicholas Serota. This is a money that has


been committed to making sure that we really show British art at its


best. We're world leaders, historically and I would argue in


the modern era in terms of what our artists have produced. We want to


show it in the best possible way. In the case of Tate Britain it is a ?45


million scheme, ?42 million of that has come from Trust, Foundations and


individuals, only ?3 million from the lottery. There are recent


figures that suggest per head of population that people in London and


the south-east are spoilt compared to others? I think that the great


thing about an institution like the Tate is it doesn't simply serve


London but the whole country. We have more loans going out to ROEJal


museum -- regional museums now than any time in the past. We work with


partners in museums and galleries across the country. A restaurant is


reopening, boasting this enchanted Muriel by Rex Whistler, a neglected


British artist of the 20th century. The Ta Tereks and Nicholas Serota


have been accused of having too much power over the careers of more


recent artists. I think I would be really niave that I didn't recognise


that if the Tate buys work by a young artist makes a difference. The


market however has a way of absorbing that and any artist's


price has to be sustained by a very great deal more than simply a


purchase by the gallery. Do you ever walk around Tate Modern and pass a


particular work and shudder and think, "what were we doing"? I think


the great thing about having the responsibility for buying


contemporary art is that you have an opportunity to make a judgment,


present it to the public, last year we presented a major exhibition at


Tate Modern of Damien Hirst, it had more visitors than any show we have


done since we opened that building in 2000. It got some flack too? The


Tatte -- Tate has a responsibility to show the work of leading British


artists whose work is highly regarded internationally. The Tate


has always been controversial, I hope it will remain so. Ladies and


gentlemen the magnificent Tryptic of Lucian Freud by Francis Bacon. A


painting by Francis Bacon of his friend, Lucian Freud fetched ?90


million in the UK this month. It won't be in the UK but in an


oligarch's front room. They live in Britain too and sometimes they lend


works to the Tate or the National Gallery or other institutions. I


don't think you should assume that the work, since it was bought by a


private collector that it won't be available for the public to see.


However historically once it goes into a private collection it does


disappear for a period. How is the Turner Prize doing, the great Robert


Hughes, admittedly a decade ago described it as soggy and flaccid.


How is it now? Showing it outside London as we have begun to do


outevery two years. It is in Derry in 2013, I'm pretty confident that


some of those people who are winning the Turner Prize in this decade will


be as well known as those who won it in the previous decades. Look at


Steve McQueen, an artist who won the Turner Prize ten years ago,


unregarded at that point. Now probably going to be receiving


Oscars for his major feature film. Grayson Perry in his Reith lecture


recently outed you as a fan of Sir iff Richard, and who isn't?


# She's just a devil woman # She's gonna get you Grayson has


his own view on the world, and he undoubtedly found some things in my


bedroom. What was he doing in your bedroom, you don't have to tell me,


that's true? Grayson came to really enjoyable party that we often give


at Christmas. He had a SNOOP around, and he found a few things and I


think he enjoyed himself. Are you a fan of Sir cliff? I'm fan you will


of a music, I collect memorabilia of all kinds. Today the President of


the Philippines criticised local Governmental officials for his


country not being prepared for the devastation wrought by supertyphoon.


The mayor of the worst-hit city pointed the finger straight back at


the President. While the blame game went on, the effort to get aid to


the thousands left striken stutters on. We have been across the island


of Lette. The poor and the weak bore the brunt, their flimsy houses were


flashed to pieces in -- smashed to pieces in the howling wind, and


swept away in the flood. This is Tacloban, it suffered more than


anywhere else. They barely even notice the bodies now. Joalen has


been searching for her son, she accepts she's now looking for a


corpse. TRANSLATION: We saw the warnings on TV, she says. But the


sky was clear, there was no wind. We couldn't have expected this. She


explains how she fled to the Town Hall as the waters rose, she texted


her son to come, but he was trapped by the wind and waves. They shut the


doors of the hall, she says, she was screaming, my son was swept away.


Right out to sea. People head back to the island of Lette to check on


homes or search for loved ones. Apprehensive about what they will


find. The boat docks in this town. It avoided the flood, but not the


200 mile an hour winds. They say that 90% of all the buildings here


were damaged or destroyed. At the Town Hall they are busy trying to


put a sticking plaster on a gaping wound. There is no power and almost


no water in the town. Their own buildings are badly damaged. As they


struggle to move aid supplies around rain pours down through the roof.


The big towns like this are starting to get supplies, mostly flown in by


the Americans. Slowly more police and more soldiers are being


deployed. It is rumours and fear, when it gets dark and you have no


roof, probably a few doors a few window, open or blown out. I think


it is not unnatural to feel a sense of dread, a sense of fear, but it


is, I don't know, I wanted to use the word "normal" I don't know what


that means. The new normal, right across the


road from the Town Hall. They haven't had so much as a sheet of


plastic to reveal these hellish conditions. We follow the trail of


devastation across the island. The scale of it never loses the power to


shock. The men with the shovels are from Manila, it is a rare sign of a


nationally directed aid effort, and people complain it has been largely


absent. What happened here has touched off a national debate. One


newspaper said the Government had been so ineffective they would


rather than American general or a UN official take charge. The sheer


scale of the calamity always meant there would be severe difficulties


in getting aid to where it was needed. But we have met people who


have seen only a trickle of foreign aid, or no aid at all, and they are


starting to get desperate. Spilled rice carpets the ground outside a


ransacked warehouse, eight people died in the scramble. The police let


them in, they knew they had nothing else to eat. What's left is rotting


in the damp. The hungry family salvages a few scraps. Officials say


blocked roads stopped aid getting through. But the traffic is moving


right past this man's family. They have received nothing since their


homes were destroyed. Now they are forced to live under the bridge. And


their pig is the only thing of value they have left. Please help us. We


really need shelter and we cannot recover as soon as possible because


of what has happened. Even if we have money we can't buy because the


supplies were already insufficient. Throughout all this there has been


very little disorder, people face the calamity with no small measure


of grace. They endured with dignity. A queue for food, literally a smile


long. There was no anger. With empty stomachs people are patient and


irrepressibly cheerful. It will be a much longer wait before their lives


are back to normal. That's just about all for tonight. The death of


the writer Doris Lessing was announced at the weekend at the age


of 94. She's best remembered for winning the Nobel Prize for


Literature back in 2007, the same day she won it I met her in her


North London home and asked her what it was that turned her into a


writer. I think what writers need, as children, is some way or another


to have a very stressed childhood, that they become people who always


watch face, watch hands, movements, body language,


Investigating the NHS's treatment of patients with brain injuries. A look at the ex-bank boss filmed allegedly buying drugs. Are women bishops on the way? Cameras in Guantanamo. Tate Britain reopens. The aftermath of the Philippines typhoon. With Kirsty Wark.