03/01/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Welcome to outside source, Day 1 of the new Congress in Washington and


already Republicans have delivered a high profile U-turn, many wanted to


change how members of Congress are overseen, Donald Trump was not keen


on that idea, he tweeted about it and now it is not happening, we will


be live on Capitol Hill. He has also been exerting influence through


Twitter on some of the businesses in the US, told General Motors to begin


making more cars and had a similar message for Ford, now Ford has


announced it is moving a major planned facility from Mexico to


Michigan. This is Sir Ivan Rogers, UK top diplomat at the European


Union, he has resigned weeks before wrecks it negotiations are expected


to begin, we will be live in Westminster to discuss this. These


are new images released by Turkey of the man they say is the gunmen


behind the New Year's Eve attack on Istanbul, we know what he looks


like, but he is still on the run. And a key Syrian rebel group, the


Free Syrian Army, has pulled out of a planned peace talk over the Syria


conflict, BBC Arabic is going to explain why.


Today is the formal start of a major shift in power in America, we had


the newly elected Congress meeting to the first time, the Republicans


hold both houses, these are, I was going to show you live pictures,


they dropped off, as well as Congress, bear in mind, January 20,


the Republicans control the White House, the dynamics within the


Republican party are becoming very interesting. Republicans in the


House of Representatives had hoped to push this through, it is an


amendment to weaken the body that overseas claims of misconduct


against members of Congress, a niche concern but it has become a symbolic


issue, it went ahead despite senior Republicans in Congress objecting


but then a few hours ago, we heard this. In fact, and this is from


writers, in fact, the US House Republicans reversed course,


withdrawing these proposed ethics panel changes. That's decision may


not have been entirely unrelated to Donald Trump taking to Twitter.


Strong words. Let's speak with Jane O'Brien about this, joining us live


from Capitol Hill. We have had a few messages from viewers saying it is


not just about Donald Trump, it is about constituents applying pressure


to a pub can men and women, any truth in that? There may well be. I


think that whatever decision they reach, the interesting thing here is


the fact that you have the president elect publicly rebuking members of


his own party on the day that they are sworn in. Regardless of why they


decided to not go ahead with their tail -- with curtailing the ethics


office, you have got a very public rift between Donald Trump and


Republican lawmakers. I cannot think of any similar situation where you


have Barack Obama publicly rebuking Democrats on Twitter, or any other


social media. That is what is interesting. It raises the question,


how is Donald Trump going to win over the support of Republicans,


many of whom did not support him during the presidential campaign,


how is he going to win them over and how are they going to rely on his


support for the agenda that they want to get through? It is a very


interesting situation, that has really been illustrated on Day 1. To


what degree is Donald Trump reliant on Congress to get through some of


his signature policies, like increased infrastructure spending or


tax cuts? That is a huge one, the infrastructure spending is going to


cost billions of dollars, we know that there is a conservative wing of


his party that do not want to spend any more money, they are vehemently


opposed to any increase in spending, they themselves were elected on a


mandate to cut the budget deficit and so far, what we have seen of


plans to increase infrastructure spending, that will not do that. He


may have opposition from them. In terms of Obamacare, they are


repealing Obamacare, we know that Republicans and Donald Trump want to


reveal Obamacare, but what will they replace it with? These are questions


that it is going to be interesting to see what answers come back. You,


I and many others have spent months and months and months reporting on


the politics of last year, and here we are, the shift in power formally


beginning, leading up to the inauguration on the 20th, does it


feel different? That is a difficult question to answer, the problem is,


you feel so in is constant and the whole thing, that the surprise, the


shock, it is very difficult to tell what has actually changed at the


moment, especially because Donald Trump is not actually here, we still


have a president in the White House, Barack Obama, certainly the feeling


where I am now, we have had freshman congressmen and senators walking


through, doing lots of interviews, most of them Republican, most of


them smiling. Until January 20, when Donald Trump takes the reins, I


think that is when we will see the real difference in atmosphere. Thank


you very much indeed. Jane will be part of the BBC team in Washington,


DC as we cover the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20. This is


the 115th congress. And it will be the most diverse ever. We spotted


this graphic from he Pew Research Centre, it shows that from 2001,


there has been an upward trend in diversity. Progress only being made


up to a point, as you will see in this report. VOICEOVER:


Distinguished members of America's 115th Congress have two notable


features, they are overwhelmingly white and male, they don't look much


like this diverse country, even with a few notable firsts. Orlando's


former police chief, Valder means. She is now the first woman and first


African-American to represent her district in Florida. This means


there will be a record number of black lawmakers on Capitol Hill,. --


Capitol Hill. -- Val Demings. Asian-Americans have 15 seats in


Congress, it too is a record, among them, Stephanie Murphy, from


Florida, the first Vietnamese American woman elected, and this


fellow freshman, from Washington state, the first Indian American


woman to serve. From the Vada, the first Latina Senator, and from New


York, the first Dominican American elected to the house. They are among


38 Hispanic representatives. Even these impressive firsts don't do


much to hide the big picture, only one in five members of Congress is a


woman, which means the US only ranks the same as Bangladesh's 20%. Israel


has 28%, in Sweden, it is 44%. While this may be the dawn of the most


racially diverse US Congress ever, Capitol Hill is still clearly an old


boys club. STUDIO: The main story here in the UK today, the UK's


ambassador to the European Union has resigned, Sir Ivan Rogers, expected


to play a key role in "Brexit" talks, not anymore, scrutiny


committee, who has described with some understatement that the whole


situation is not ideal, Hillary men, a senior member of the opposition


Labour Party, leading pro-"Brexit" figures are far less concern. --


Hilary Benn. Arron Banks has put a lot of his own money into campaigns


to get the UK out of the European Union. Let's listen to the former


leader of the UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, leading figure for


"Brexit", with his reaction. I'm very pleased, after all, he is a


committed Europhile, he helped lead the renegotiations with David


Cameron that went so badly and came out the other day with an incredibly


negative comment, that it might take up to ten years to renegotiate the


bill, clearly the wrong man., Meyer only regret is that he did not go


the day after the referendum. -- my only regret. First of all, let's


look at the practicalities, what impact might this have on when


"Brexit" talks begin, and who is conducting? In terms of when talks


begin, no impact whatsoever, Downing Street is absolutely determined to


stick to its timetable, which is to trigger Article 50, pushing open the


exit door to the EU and starting negotiations by the end of March,


there has even been a big court case here in the UK, which we don't have


a verdict yet, it'll come quite soon, Downing Street has made it


clear that even that won't derail the timetable, no chance that


something like this will. Sir Ivan Rogers was the leading diplomat, he


was going to be in the room looking into the eyeballs of those 27 other


EU member state diplomats, trying to hammer out the framework of the


deal, clearly then is to be a new person put in place, it is not clear


who that will be, but there will be plenty on the diplomatic circuit


around the world, and here in London who would be eager for that posting.


The way in which this is interesting, it shows the growing


political intensity that will surround these negotiation, when


even a diplomat like this, most people in the UK have never heard


of, nevertheless has an important role, and his resignation has


prompted a very angry debate not just about what caused it but what


it means to about how the negotiation should be conducted.


Here was a guy who was prepared to speak truth to power, they said he


should have stayed in the job. In the words of one MP, people pull


pushing him aside haven't drunk the "Brexit" Kool-Aid. But Nigel Farage


says that he should go, news part of the establishment which was in


favour of the whole European project, and they think that he is


the wrong man for the job. This news means hard Brexit is more likely,


according to some today, that it is more likely that the UK will leave


the single market, is that your analysis? We use phrases like hard


Brexit, and people have to understand that Downing Street's


view of all of this is that there is no such thing as hard or soft. In


their view, you can cherry pick, they think that is a binary view,


and they think they can cherry pick. What does Britain give in return?


Another question altogether, does this mean we will be heading for a


harder "Brexit", a softer "Brexit", hard to say, after all these


instances, where we get a bit of a glimpse into the kind of pressures


and tensions that there are, within Whitehall, within Westminster,


within government, over this issue, people trying to decode it, I am not


sure it is quite that simple, in some ways we will just have to wait


and see. There is a divergence of views across government over this,


some ministers believe Britain should try to take an approach where


we have the best bits of the single market, the customs union. On the


other hand, others believe it is much clearer to pull all the way out


of those things. We will have the way for a clearer picture, Theresa


May is expected to give a plan to Parliament in the next couple of


months, potentially in February. Thank you very much. Just as we did


last year, covering "Brexit" before the vote, after it, in Brussels,


then in Bratislava and back in Brussels again, as the story unfolds


in the coming months, we will bring you extensive coverage. Live reports


from the centre of London, from Washington, DC, next we will turn to


Turkey as we have done all we, the Istanbul New Year's Eve gunmen is


still on the run. We are learning more about him. A few different


videos we can show you. This has been released by the authorities.


This is the suspect ilming himself at Taksim square in Istanbul. It's


thought he's from Uzbekistan or Kyrgyzstan. And that he arrived in


Turkey with his wife and two children in November. Reports say


his family have been detained. Next this is footage from Istanbul's main


airport. Footage of two foreign nationals detained and being


question, these pictures from Istanbul's main airports, the two


men to pay attention to, one man wearing a woolly black hat pulled


over his eyes, you can see him walking here, and behind him, a man


in a bright blue hooded top, you can see him among the throng, are the


two being questioned in central Istanbul. These are pictures film by


a BBC team working with correspondent Mark Lowen. They are


among the first journalists to be granted access to the nightclub


where the attack took place. You can see it's located on the Bosphorus


river. Some people jumped into the water to escape the bullets. The


owners say that they will reopen the nightclub, it is a sign of a defined


mood here, yes, people are sombre and fearful but Turks have lived


with the terror threat for decades albeit on a smaller scale and they


are determined not to let its defeat them. In a few minutes, we have


already talked about Donald Trump, we will talk about him some more,


this time in the context of American business, he has criticised General


Motors in a tweet over where it manufactures cars. We will get into


that. Kurdish militants say that a British man has died alongside them.


Ryan Lock, 20, died during an assault on and I is stronghold, one


pro-Kurdish campaigner, Mark Campbell, says the family are


struggling to come to terms with the news. It is age and is shocked to


them. Ryan had said that he was going on holiday, apparently, to


Turkey, back in August. Then he had put a Facebook Post up saying he had


arrived in Syria to fight Isis. For your 20-year-old son, to see that,


must have been awful. Final confirmation on Friday, and then


went to visit them on Sunday. Two days later. So they were just


obviously incomplete and utter devastation. Distraught with grief.


Day 1 of the new Congress, there has already been a major U-turn from the


Republican held lower house on the issue of congressional ethics. Some


of the main stories from the BBC World Service, yesterday we would


talking about a deadly prison riot in Brazil, these men may not be the


sharpest tools in the box, they escaped, the man in front has been


posting photos of himself on Facebook bragging about the whole


thing. The man behind him already called, would not be the biggest


surprise is the man at the front is picked up before long as well. BBC


Brasil. New Year's Eve fireworks may have contributed to dangerously high


levels of pollution in several German cities, 15% of vehicle


emissions from the whole year, there are now called for a ban on private


firework parties. 85,000 copies of an annotated edition of Adolf


Hitler's mine camp have sold in Germany in the year since its


launch, you can read about that on the BBC news app. Politics and


business always intertwined, we suspect that will be even more of


the case once Donald Trump takes over in America, he has been


criticising a number of companies for how many of their production


operations are based in Mexico, Ford is one of the companies that he has


criticised. Today, Ford cancelled and $1.6 billion plant that it was


planning to build at a place in Mexico called San Luis toasty,


instead, it will spend that money extending existing operations in a


place called flat rock, Michigan. Here is what the Ford CEO told the


BBC. Overall, the reason we have made these decisions is because they


are the right thing for the business. We look at a lot of


different factors when we look at decisions. The announcement we are


making today of $700 million investment in flat rock, Michigan,


and adding 700 jobs, one factor we put into that is the more favourable


US business environment that we see under President-elect Tromp and some


of the pro-growth policies and reforms, whether it is tax or


regular Terry, that he has been talking about. -- San Luis Potosi.


That play positively in that and it is a vote of confidence that he can


do positively there. -- whether it is tax or regulatory. Was that a


polite way of saying, we are doing this because Donald Trump wants us


to? Certainly, if that was the case, he was not admitting that, he said


the business environment was one of the key factors, that certainly


helped shape the decision, when I pressed him he talked about the


regular Theresa May environment, that they talked about cutting


corporate taxes. -- regulatory environment. Things that will make


it easier for businesses to find environment for favourable. Singling


out the company... What it does raise is questions about economic


nationalism, we have seen Donald Trump use this technique before,


using it again, and clearly for him, an opportunity to claim victory.


Does this decision cost 40 money, is it more expensive to produce these


cars in Michigan than it would be in Mexico? -- does this decision cost


Ford money. They looking at Donald Trump's approach and saying, what is


the cost to American business? If you take this Pacific decision, only


700 rods are being created here in the United States, they were going


to create 2800 jobs in Mexico. It is more than 40% cheaper to produce a


car in Mexico. -- 700 jobs. One of the argument is made about this type


of approach is that it can be harmful for companies, that it does


not necessarily make economic sense for them but they do this because


the risk of upsetting the president is too great. And therefore, it is


not worth undertaking, that is going to be the concern, the other thing


is free trade, we know that President Trump has said that he's


not in favour of free trade, that he wants to negotiate one of these


forms of protectionism, encouraging that may be raising the idea that it


is not an open market and other countries may respond with the same


thing. We have built about Ford, I would like to talk about General


Motors, Ford is not the only one to get criticism over Mexico, this is


what Donald Trump said earlier. That gives one impression of what is


happening, now look at what GM has said in response, it manufactures


the Chevrolet crew Saddam in Ohio, and they are all built in the


assembly plant. -- Chevrolet Cruze sedan.


You get two quite distinct impression from those two sources,


which one is closer to the mark? If you look at them, Donald Trump is


not incorrect in the sense that a small number, but the vast majority


is made in the United States. It is a misleading picture rather than


incorrect, but it goes to this point again, about Donald Trump's view of


global trade, one of the big trade deals here in America is the North


American Free Trade Agreement, it has been in place for many years, he


has said he would like to repeal it. That means goods can be made in


Mexico, transported here to the US or Canada tax-free, that is where


you get this threat to impose tax tariffs on these imports. It is part


of a campaign pledge, and he is sticking to that rhetoric, even


though now the election is over. Very useful, thank you very much. I


want to talk to you about the extraordinary project which China


has long shot, direct rail freight service to London from China, from a


place in central China. The journey is going to take two weeks, this


main map that we use is not going to cope with a journey this complex, so


here is a graphic. 90,001 it is, through Kazakhstan,


Russia, into central and western Europe, with two destination,


London, Madrid and Milan at the end of the line. If you read stories


about this, it describes how this project fits into China's one belt,


one road policy. That requires some explanation. This is the big idea


coming from the Chinese president, the cornerstone of his foreign


policy, they are focusing not as much on ships exporting goods to the


United States, in that direction, he has decided he wants to focus on


sending goods in the other direction, sending goods west,


instead of East. So he is spending $40 billion to build train tracks


through Central Asia, to hook up to western Europe to send goods faster


that way. This will help with manufacturers and retailers to keep


costs down. It really is important that this train goes from this major


manufacturing base in China, it is known for making small goods, rings


use see on store shelves all the time.


Hopefully there will be getting them faster and for a better price. Some


stories that we will be covering in the second half of the programme,


you may remember this video, featuring Chelsea fans in Paris, a


couple of years ago, racially abusing the man you can see on the


platform, some fans have been convicted in a Paris court. Details


of that. We will also hear about a group of up to 50 foreign workers in


Saudi Arabia working in the construction industry, have been


sentenced to jail terms and in some cases lashes because of their


protests over their pay being cut. Good evening, detailed look at the


weather in the UK before the top of the album right now, we'll look at