11/06/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


11/06/2016

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We send out correspondents to bring you the best stories

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from across the globe and in this week's programme: Changing

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David Beckham visits Swaziland, the country with the highest rate

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of HIV infection, and tells them, you need to wear a condom.

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Educating children, young boys, that could be your sister,

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At the height of the fighting, we join Iraqi helicopter pilots

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and troops waging war against the so-called Islamic State.

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Taking Falluja, it has been 24 hours a day, and each day

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Fusion of the species, Fergus Walsh investigates how

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scientists are using animals to grow human organs.

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This sow is pregnant with embryos which contain human cells.

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I will be reporting about why scientists think it could be

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the answer to the world's organ donor shortage.

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It has been called the epicentre of the global HIV crisis.

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The kingdom of Swaziland in southern Africa has the highest rate of HIV

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The situation is being made worse by a drought across the region,

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putting pressure on resources and affecting many

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vulnerable children, many born with the disease.

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The former England football captain David Beckham has set

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up his own charitable fund, in conjunction with Unicef.

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We joined him on a trip to Swaziland where he met mothers and children

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An unreal suspension from the daily grind.

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superstar and now almost full-time charity worker.

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The children at this team support group give him a raucous welcome.

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All are HIV-positive, the virus passed down

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from the mother to child, all face a lifetime on drugs.

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Those drugs are freely available, but Swaziland remains known

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Beckham said the challenge is to get young boys to understand,

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they must protect the girls they sleep with from this sexually

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Educating children, young boys, that that could be your sister,

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The protection that you need to prevent contracting HIV and Aids,

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For many, the stigma of having HIV remains.

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We cannot show the face of this girl, she has HIV,

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as does almost every member of the family.

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She told me, there are some people she feels hurt by when she told them

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she was HIV-positive, they started telling everybody,

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including some teachers, and that was upsetting.

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For children in Swaziland living with HIV, there is now

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The crops have failed, it means people are going hungry.

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If children are going hungry, it means they don't

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want to take their drugs and if they don't do that,

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they are more likely to develop full-blown Aids.

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There is hope for the brand-new generation.

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HIV-positive women are taking the right medication in pregnancy

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and transmission rates to their babies have

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David Beckham is harnessing the power of celebrity to a cause

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The world's response is less certain.

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Reeta Chakrabarti, BBC News, Swaziland. The battle for Falluja

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has been long and hard. There has been fierce resistance. Iraqi forces

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have been bombing the city from the air as well as fighting on the

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ground. Our reporter was given exclusive access to Iraqi helicopter

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pilots as they flew their combat missions over Falluja.

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The battle for Falluja is under way. This is what the war looks like from

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above. We are over a village

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north of Falluja. The pilot have been told

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more than 20 IS fighters For these pilots, the fight

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to retain Falluja has been a 24 hour a day,

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full-time job, and each day Around 50,000 civilians

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are trapped down there. There are believed to be up to 3000

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IS fighters in the city. Accused of killing civilians

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and using them as human shields. For some, like Mohammed,

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this battle is personal. He is from Falluja and his family

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was trapped in the city. He was told the IS fighters had

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taken over his own home. TRANSLATION: They had seen

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pictures of me in uniform. They said I was an infidel

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and they would kill me. I dropped a bomb that

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destroyed my house. The pilots are also helping

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evacuate the injured. And the hardest fighting

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is yet to come. Now to a big medical breakthrough

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that could change the lives of everyone on the planet.

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American scientists have used a process known as gene

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editing to try to grow human organs inside pigs.

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The pioneering technique involves injecting human stem

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Some experts believe the technique provides the answer to the global

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Fergus Walsh reports, but it also raises serious ethical issues.

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You are watching two species being mixed.

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Human stem cells being injected into a one-day-old pig embryo.

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You can see them travelling down the tube.

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This biologist in California is trying to grow a human pancreas

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Our hope is that this pig embryo will develop normally

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and the pancreas will be made up almost exclusively of human cells.

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So then, that pancreas could be compatible with a patient

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The technique is known as gene editing.

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It uses molecular scissors to delete the DNA instructions in the pig

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The human cells will hopefully fill the void and grow human

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The same technique might enable other organs to be

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The BBC's Panorama was allowed to film the sows which were pregnant

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If human stem cells were taken from a patient, the transplant

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organs could be tissue matched, reducing the risk of rejection.

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This research raises profound ethical concerns,

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crucially, just how human are the piglets

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It is such a sensitive area that the embryos will not be

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It must be removed for tissue analysis after 28 days gestation,

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when they are about a centimetre long.

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Crucially, they will check whether the pig's developing brain

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Another pioneer in this field told me this question

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Whatever organ we try to make, we will look at what is happening

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in the brain, and if we find that it is too humanlike, we

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Organisations campaigning to for an end to factory

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farming are dismayed by the thought of organ farms.

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I am nervous about opening up a new source of animal suffering.

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Let's first get more people to donate organs.

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If there is still a shortage, we can consider using pigs,

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but on the basis that we eat less meat, so there is no increase

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in the number of pigs being used for human purposes.

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7000 people in the UK are on the transplant waiting list

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and hundreds die each year before a donor can be found,

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but patient trials involving gene editing pig organs

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That's all for reporters from this week. Goodbye for now.

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Hello there, all sorts going on this weekend. Pleasantly warm for some in

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the sunshine but for others and absolute deluge. We've had flash

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flooding on Saturday and potentially there again on Sunday for some

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places to see

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A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.


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