11/06/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


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We send out correspondents to bring you the best stories


from across the globe and in this week's programme: Changing


David Beckham visits Swaziland, the country with the highest rate


of HIV infection, and tells them, you need to wear a condom.


Educating children, young boys, that could be your sister,


At the height of the fighting, we join Iraqi helicopter pilots


and troops waging war against the so-called Islamic State.


Taking Falluja, it has been 24 hours a day, and each day


Fusion of the species, Fergus Walsh investigates how


scientists are using animals to grow human organs.


This sow is pregnant with embryos which contain human cells.


I will be reporting about why scientists think it could be


the answer to the world's organ donor shortage.


It has been called the epicentre of the global HIV crisis.


The kingdom of Swaziland in southern Africa has the highest rate of HIV


The situation is being made worse by a drought across the region,


putting pressure on resources and affecting many


vulnerable children, many born with the disease.


The former England football captain David Beckham has set


up his own charitable fund, in conjunction with Unicef.


We joined him on a trip to Swaziland where he met mothers and children


An unreal suspension from the daily grind.


superstar and now almost full-time charity worker.


The children at this team support group give him a raucous welcome.


All are HIV-positive, the virus passed down


from the mother to child, all face a lifetime on drugs.


Those drugs are freely available, but Swaziland remains known


Beckham said the challenge is to get young boys to understand,


they must protect the girls they sleep with from this sexually


Educating children, young boys, that that could be your sister,


The protection that you need to prevent contracting HIV and Aids,


For many, the stigma of having HIV remains.


We cannot show the face of this girl, she has HIV,


as does almost every member of the family.


She told me, there are some people she feels hurt by when she told them


she was HIV-positive, they started telling everybody,


including some teachers, and that was upsetting.


For children in Swaziland living with HIV, there is now


The crops have failed, it means people are going hungry.


If children are going hungry, it means they don't


want to take their drugs and if they don't do that,


they are more likely to develop full-blown Aids.


There is hope for the brand-new generation.


HIV-positive women are taking the right medication in pregnancy


and transmission rates to their babies have


David Beckham is harnessing the power of celebrity to a cause


The world's response is less certain.


Reeta Chakrabarti, BBC News, Swaziland. The battle for Falluja


has been long and hard. There has been fierce resistance. Iraqi forces


have been bombing the city from the air as well as fighting on the


ground. Our reporter was given exclusive access to Iraqi helicopter


pilots as they flew their combat missions over Falluja.


The battle for Falluja is under way. This is what the war looks like from


above. We are over a village


north of Falluja. The pilot have been told


more than 20 IS fighters For these pilots, the fight


to retain Falluja has been a 24 hour a day,


full-time job, and each day Around 50,000 civilians


are trapped down there. There are believed to be up to 3000


IS fighters in the city. Accused of killing civilians


and using them as human shields. For some, like Mohammed,


this battle is personal. He is from Falluja and his family


was trapped in the city. He was told the IS fighters had


taken over his own home. TRANSLATION: They had seen


pictures of me in uniform. They said I was an infidel


and they would kill me. I dropped a bomb that


destroyed my house. The pilots are also helping


evacuate the injured. And the hardest fighting


is yet to come. Now to a big medical breakthrough


that could change the lives of everyone on the planet.


American scientists have used a process known as gene


editing to try to grow human organs inside pigs.


The pioneering technique involves injecting human stem


Some experts believe the technique provides the answer to the global


Fergus Walsh reports, but it also raises serious ethical issues.


You are watching two species being mixed.


Human stem cells being injected into a one-day-old pig embryo.


You can see them travelling down the tube.


This biologist in California is trying to grow a human pancreas


Our hope is that this pig embryo will develop normally


and the pancreas will be made up almost exclusively of human cells.


So then, that pancreas could be compatible with a patient


The technique is known as gene editing.


It uses molecular scissors to delete the DNA instructions in the pig


The human cells will hopefully fill the void and grow human


The same technique might enable other organs to be


The BBC's Panorama was allowed to film the sows which were pregnant


If human stem cells were taken from a patient, the transplant


organs could be tissue matched, reducing the risk of rejection.


This research raises profound ethical concerns,


crucially, just how human are the piglets


It is such a sensitive area that the embryos will not be


It must be removed for tissue analysis after 28 days gestation,


when they are about a centimetre long.


Crucially, they will check whether the pig's developing brain


Another pioneer in this field told me this question


Whatever organ we try to make, we will look at what is happening


in the brain, and if we find that it is too humanlike, we


Organisations campaigning to for an end to factory


farming are dismayed by the thought of organ farms.


I am nervous about opening up a new source of animal suffering.


Let's first get more people to donate organs.


If there is still a shortage, we can consider using pigs,


but on the basis that we eat less meat, so there is no increase


in the number of pigs being used for human purposes.


7000 people in the UK are on the transplant waiting list


and hundreds die each year before a donor can be found,


but patient trials involving gene editing pig organs


That's all for reporters from this week. Goodbye for now.


Hello there, all sorts going on this weekend. Pleasantly warm for some in


the sunshine but for others and absolute deluge. We've had flash


flooding on Saturday and potentially there again on Sunday for some


places to see


A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.

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