23/07/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


23/07/2016

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back at -- again at 7:30am. Coming up next, it is

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back at -- again at 7:30am. Coming up next, it is Reporters.

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Welcome to Reporters. I'm Alice Baxter.

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From here in the world's newsroom,

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we send out the correspondents to bring you the best stories

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from across the globe.

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In this week's programme...

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The coup that became a purge.

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As Turkey declares a state of emergency,

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Fergal Keane reports on

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the country's return to democracy.

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The question now, as President Erdogan

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continues what he calls his

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cleansing of the state, is how far he will go and what kind

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of society he wants to create.

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And Asia's new food heaven as Singapore gets its own

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Michelin restaurant guide,

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we meet the chefs competing for its first stars.

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My mindset is fixed on wanting to be a chef opening a very big restaurant

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and to inspire others, like Gordon Ramsay inspired me.

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It was the coup that collapsed within just 14 hours.

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It caused hundreds of deaths but did almost the exact

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opposite of what its

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leaders had set out to achieve, strengthening the position

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of the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

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and giving him a pretext for a clamp-down on his opponents.

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Tens of thousands of people have been arrested and

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Turkey, a Nato member and a pivotal nation in the fight

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against Isis and in the Syrian war and in the migrant crisis,

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is now under a three-month state of emergency.

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And as Fergal Keane reports, there are more

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warnings of further measures to come.

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They had been told to expect a big announcement.

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Thousands crowded into squares across the country.

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As midnight approached, the president

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came on television and declared a state of emergency.

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It could mean sweeping powers of arrest and

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detention, press censure ship, curfews, or under an existing

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article of the Constitution.

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TRANSLATION: The purpose of the declaration of a state

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of emergency is in fact to be able to take the

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most efficient steps in order to remove

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this threat as soon as

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possible, which is a threat to democracy,

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to the rule of law, and

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to the rights and freedoms of our citizens in our country.

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On the Bosporus, the boats conveyed the

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President's of victory.

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On Taksim Square, and Ottoman band played

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military marches.

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Celebration to a warning rhythm.

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We met a widow who sells flags on the square.

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It was the coup that collapsed within just 14 hours.

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We met a widow who sells flags on the square.

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She is among many who want to stop to see

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the coup leaders hanged.

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TRANSLATION: We want a beautiful Turkey.

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We don't want it to be like

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Syria or Gaza.

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We want peace in Turkey.

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They will never be able to split us up.

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We will never allow it.

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It is being framed as of defining national

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moment, people's victory.

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Epitomised by this extraordinary imagery.

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A man confronting a tank on the night

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of the coup attempt.

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He is run over once.

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He then gets up and is hit again.

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Yet, he survives.

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I had three stones in my hand in case I ran

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across any of those dogs.

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He says.

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All I could do was respond to the tanks with the three stones I had.

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The arrests and sacking of public servants continue today.

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But there is no significant public outcry.

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Nobody that I have spoken with across the political spectrum or in

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civil society wanted this coup to succeed.

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In Turkey, military coups have always meant disappearances,

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torture, and executions.

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But the question now, as President Gaughan

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continues what he calls the cleansing of the state, is how far

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he will go and what kind of society he wants to create.

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The struggle now is not the old battle of secular

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versus Islamist but between those who wanted military dictatorship and

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a democratically elected president who that the layman it power.

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The crowds were back, cheering the President,

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knowing their country faces the most deep-rooted change in

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its recent history.

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At least 200 million girls and women worldwide have undergone

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female genital mutilation.

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It is a practice now described by the United Nations as child abuse.

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Kenya is one of the countries where it's most prevalent.

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One in five between the ages of 14 and 49 have been cut,

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as it's known.

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But the Kenyan authorities are now trying to eradicate the practice.

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A warning - this report contains a graphic description of FGM.

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Determined and brave.

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Most of these girls ran away from home because they were about to

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be mutilated or forced to marry.

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In some tribes, the tradition where parts of a girl's vagina

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are removed marks the point a girl becomes a woman.

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It happened to this teenager when she was just seven years old.

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And it was so difficult.

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You feel like you want to faint.

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You want to cry.

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You want to do...

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even running out that home.

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Two years later, her father told her she must marry a man

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in his 60s.

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That's when she decided to escape.

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All of these girls risked their lives by running away

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but here they have a future, they are getting an education

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and they are no longer at risk of being mutilated and crucially

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these girls won't go on to harm their own daughters.

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Agnes Pereyo who runs this rescue centre and school is trying to stamp

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out the brutal custom in her ancient Maasai community.

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She introduced me to women in a nearby village,

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including a former cutter, who did a demonstration

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of what she used to do.

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So, this is the vagina here?

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So you scrape the side of the vagina,

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and take off the clitoris here?

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It emerged the cutting used to happen right where we stood.

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It is difficult to imagine how terrifying this

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experience would be for a little girl.

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Gosh. And she is screaming, I guess?

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Yes, the girl is screaming.

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Kenya banned female genital mutilation in 2011.

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The UN's agency for children says young girls

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are far less likely to be cut today but old customs die hard.

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TRANSLATION: This is a tradition that is very important to us,

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the Maasai people.

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Otherwise, the girls will want sex all the time.

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We are not allowed to do it any more.

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Otherwise, I would cut my seven-year-old daughter

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until she bleeds a lot.

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In these deeply traditional patriarchal communities, away

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from the big cosmopolitan cities,

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many men still demand that women are cut.

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But attitudes are changing and these Maasai tribe cricketers

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are helping to lead the charge,

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refusing to marry any girl who has been cut.

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We use it as a way to bring our youth together, to bring

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the communities together, to tell them that female genital

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mutilation is not all right.

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In the long run, I believe it will help our society.

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Definitely it will happen in my lifetime, I know.

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Now, you may not know this but Singapore has long been

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a foodie's paradise, and this week, for the first time,

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the citystate got its own Michelin guide to its best restaurants.

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In the past, its hospitality industry has been run mainly

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by foreign workers but no longer.

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New moves to hire local staff have spawned a new breed

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of Singaporean chefs.

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Joel Chow is only 18 but he knows what he wants to be when he is older

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and whom he wants to be like.

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My mindset is fixed on wanting to be a chef, opening a very big

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restaurant and to inspire others like Gordon Ramsey has inspired me.

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He is one of the famous people who I look up to.

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So enthusiastic is he about a career as a chef, he enrolled

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at the Singaporean Culinary School.

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I will be sauteing onions now.

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And that'll be the start of your carrot soup?

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Fantastic.

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Joel and his classmates don't just have dreams to be celebrities chefs,

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they are also here to fulfil a crucial need in Singapore

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which has a shortage of chefs as well as service staff to cater to

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the burgeoning hospitality industry.

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Singapore has become something of a culinary capital.

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Alongside its vibrant street food culture,

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top international restaurants have opened here in recent years

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with a Michelin guide rating the finest

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dining spots making its debut.

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But a cut in the number of foreign workers that restaurants

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and hotels could hire and expensive levies

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to employ them has made the problem especially acute.

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So, the government has introduced training programmes to raise

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productivity and get more locals to sign up to become

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chefs and service staff.

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The nationa has the highest proportion of foreign

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workers in its population and amoung its workforce in the world,

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and weaning itself off this to recruit home-grown talent

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will continue to be a big challenge.

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That all looks delicious, doesn't it?

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That's all from Reporters for this week

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from me, Alice Baxter.

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Goodbye for now.

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A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.


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