18/03/2017 Reporters

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minutes to five. You are watching BBC News. We will have more stories


for you, including reaction to Nicola Sturgeon's speech, at the top


of the hour. Now it is time for Reporters.


Hello, welcome to Reporters. I am David Eads. We send our


correspondence to bring you the best stories from across the globe. In


this week's programme... On the front line in the battle for Mosul.


Orla Guerin joins Iraqi army forces as they make more games against


so-called Islamic State. We have heard three car bombs going off in


the distance. We have had a lot of incoming mortar fire. You can hear


the sounds of battle. As millions face famine in parts of Africa and


the Middle East, Clive Myrie reports from northern Nigeria, where tens of


thousands of children are at risk of starving to death. For those


children, the end is inevitable. Innocent victims of a man-made


tragedy. Sleeping on the job - Sally Conway meets the foreign truck


drivers who cannot afford to live where they work. He only ever works


in Western Europe, sometimes Germany or Norway. He is being paid as if he


were driving in Slovakia. After millions of views online, we catch


up with the reluctant global Internet star, the BBC interviewee


whose children stole the show. My wife deserves a medal for taking


care of our family. And seeing things through the eyes


of Jane Austen. Ben Moore investigates new claims that Jane


Austen was as blind as a bat. The Iraqi city of Mosul has become


the scene of the biggest battle on earth. Around 100,000 soldiers,


police and militia, backed by Western air power, have been bearing


down on this ancient city. The mission, to drive out so-called


Islamic State, who've occupied Mosul since 2014. After more than 100 days


of fighting, they recaptured the east of the city in January. Now


they say a third of the West has been completely be taken. Order


Ciaran -- Orla Guerin husband travelling with the Iraqi forces.


You may find part of this board -- you may find parts of the reports


distressing. A rare glimpse of Western Mosul.


Urban warfare on a momentous scale. Caught below, hundreds of thousands


of civilians. This is the place where IS proclaimed its caliphate.


Here it was born and here, Iraqi forces say, it will die. On the


ground, they are advancing, but struggling to hold what they


capture. They pound IS positions. Then frantic gunfire towards a


threat overhead. And IS drone may be carrying explosives. They managed to


shoot it down. This is as far as we can go for now. There is a lot of


gunfire in the area. There are snipers in position on this street.


We have covered here, so we won't be moving from this position. But


within the last half an hour, we have heard three car bombs going off


in the distance. We have also had a lot of incoming mortar fire. You can


hear the sounds of battle. The IS fighters in this area are putting up


Frias resistance. -- fierce resistance. Then the conflict came


closer. The man who didn't flinch is a major in the Iraqi army. Hours


later, he was wounded. He is now recovering in hospital. Troops using


every weapon, even home-made rockets. Then the rush to retrieve a


casualty. We can't say how many have paid with their lives. The Iraqi


forces don't reveal their losses. But they have the extremists


outgunned and encircled. They believe victory is guaranteed in


Mosul, in time. But ending the caliphate may not end IS. This


general is in the thick of the battle.


He told us the narrow streets and civilian presence are complicating


the advance. It is very hard because we need to


take care of the citizens and be aggressive against IS guys. We need


to put it very clear plan to clear all the area. That means we need to


put a plan to survive our citizens. And as the fighting rages, more


weary civilians leave scarred neighbourhoods. Where they have been


caught between the militants and the army. Few may have enjoyed more than


this man. IS pod and anti-aircraft gun near his house. An air strike


targeting the extremists brought the roof down on his family.


TRANSLATION: Three of my daughters are dead. They buried my heart. My


daughters were under the concrete of the house. They didn't let me see


them before they were buried. As well as losing his daughters and


his home, he lost his leg. He prays God will destroy IS as they have


destroyed Iraq. Orla Guerin, BBC News, Western


Mosul. Away from Iraq, the world is facing its largest humanitarian


crisis since the end of the Second World War. 20 million people in


parts of Africa and the Middle East are at risk of famine and


starvation. The United Nations has issued a plea for help to avoid a


catastrophe in the four affected countries. South Sudan, Somalia,


Yemen and Nigeria. Clive Myrie reports from northern Nigeria, where


the conflict against Boko Haram is deepened the humanitarian crisis.


His report contains flashing images. They begin queueing at Sunrise. You


can't afford not to get in. And through the daily stream of anxious


women and their children gets bigger and bigger. Is my child


malnourished? Could my child die due --? This treatment feeding centre


has been working flat out recently, and NVQ we found this woman and her


ten-month-old baby, born into a cruel world. -- and in the queue.


We have had to beg for food. Sometimes going to sleep without


eating. We had to leave our village. I pray things will get better.


Her story is so typical. All these people were driven from their homes


by the Islamist group Boko Haram, whose fighters burned villages for


seven years, killed thousands and left 2.5 million people homeless,


all in the name of strict Sharia Law. Farmers couldn't attend their


fields because of the fighting. Now people starve. A nurse... She is


painfully thin and her weight is confirmation. Does that mean the


child is malnourished? Yes, it's malnourished. But her chances of


survival are better than Muhammad's. For years old, he is severely


malnourished and weakened by TB. Or This Boy, aged five, whose mother


sits helpless nearby. TRANSLATION: Seeing my daughter


lying sick like this has been unbearable. There was little food


around when we escaped Boko Haram. I can't count the number of days we


have had to go hungry. It's been so difficult. I just want my child to


leave. -- live. Seconds later, there is a new


arrival at the centre. Doctors struggle to help Mustafi, 20 months


old, to breathe. Cradled in his mother's arms, his life is ebbing


away. We met him yesterday. Last night he died. But what about those


children who don't make it to a treatment centre like this, from


areas inaccessible to eight? Where there are no doctors or clinics,


where food and water polluted by Boko Haram fighters. For those


children, the end is inevitable. Innocent victims of a man-made


tragedy. And with the aid stocks running low, the call for more


international help is loud and clear. Without more Humanitarian aid


in terms of food, we don't expect the situation to get better. In fact


it could get worse? If we don't get more help. This ten-month-old girl


should make it. She has an appetite and can begin to recover. But while


the Islamists of Boko Haram have been driven from most areas of the


country, their legacy of pain and starvation injuries.


Clive Myrie, BBC News, Nigeria. Truck drivers moving goods for IKEA


and other retailers in western Europe are camping out in their


trucks for Monsanto time because they simply can't afford to live in


the countries they are working in. -- for months at a time. They are


being paid as they would in their own countries. A judge has described


as inhumane practice companies can exploit loopholes in European law.


Zoe Conway reports from Denmark. IKEA says it doesn't just care about


furniture, it cares about values. But just how valued to the people


transporting IKEA goods feel? In a trailer on the edge of Copenhagen in


Denmark, these to men have created their own pop up kitchen, cooking


from scratch saves them money. Is this how you want to have your


breakfast? No, I don't want to live like this but this is the condition.


He is moving goods for IKEA but they don't employ him. His actual


employer is a Slovakian firm. He is paid Slovakian wages. European Union


employment rules state: a driver temporarily posted away from home


should be granted the home nation's pay and conditions.


Companies are exploiting loopholes in the law. A Danish driver can


expect to take on 2200 euros a month in salary. But he has been taking


home an average monthly salary of 477 euros, or ?418 per month. This


is my home. This is how I live. This is my bed. Danish drivers go home


every couple of weeks. But he spends up to for months on the road. The


company says he is responsible for taking his rest breaks and that he


can go home when every likes. He has just driven some IKEA stock from


Denmark and Sweden. He only ever works in Western Europe. Sometimes


it might be Germany or Norway. Yet he is being paid as if he was


driving in Slovakia. Yet he never works there. He is not alone. This


truck park turned campsite is right outside the biggest IKEA warehouse


in the world. Drivers are making stew and drying their clothes. Many


of the East European drivers we spoke to said they are on a similar


deal. This Bulgarian driver is fed up, and not just because he is


making his mash on top of a fuel tank. His salary is 250 euros a


month, plus some expenses. Catastrophic. Why it is is


catastrophic? Look at the conditions. In many cases there are


no -- in many places there is no parking. We live like primitive


people. But this is work at least. There is no workable Guerioua. This


is not a good life. It is a catastrophe. -- work in Bulgaria.


This way of treating drivers is widespread, not just within the IKEA


chambered among other companies. In a statement, IKEA said:


it's not just IKEA and the big retailers that are in the firing


line. Euro's politicians are also under


pressure to act, to stop any further deterioration in the working


conditions of Europe's drivers. Sally Conway, BBC News. After


Obamacare, America's health system is facing trumped care. More details


of the new health plan were released this week. If it goes ahead, around


14 million people will become uninsured by next year, rising to 24


million people over the coming decade. Republicans say the proposal


would save $337 billion over the next ten years. We have been looking


at what health care under Donald Trump could mean.


Carroll has made it on her own in the world of work. Her and her


husband on a small jewellery business. But being self-employed


means they don't have a boss to cover their health care insurance.


For years they have struggled to pay medical bills. Until President Obama


introduced his health care law. When the Affordable Care Act was passed,


we could get reasonable insurance that covered a lot more. The


deductible went from 10,000 to 3000. Now they are concerned their bills


will rise as President Trump repeals Obamacare. The Republican


replacement with a cut from subsidies and instead offer a year's


rent tax credit. We couldn't afford the monthly costs that we can cover


now. And we have had good coverage now. We just have to stay healthy.


And educated about the programme. Others are glad to see the back of


Obamacare. I need health insurance but I didn't want to be forced to


buy it or be fined. Frank have to pay hundreds of dollars for not


having health insurance. When he retired a few years ago, his company


policy stopped. He voted for Donald Trump and bikes is health care plan,


even though millions may lose cover. What they dropped 20 million people


of the insurance plan? They still actually have health care, because


if they go into an emergency room, they will get cover. The debate over


health care in America is complex. It fundamentally comes down to one


key thing. Cost. How much should people pay for themselves and how


much should they bear the cost for others? The new plan could cut the


federal deficit by hundreds of billions, is some doctors are -- but


some doctors are unsure how it will affect patients. I think the new


proposal, much like Obamacare, may change the winners and may change


the losers, but it will not eliminate the losers. It is gone to


change the problems people are encountering. Not address the


problems. That has been a dilemma in American health care for decades.


The system divides patient as patient as much as it does


politicians. You are doing well. We will see you


in six months. Your best protection against this health care system is


not to get sick. Thanks, Doc. If you haven't seen


this BBC interview, you are one of very few, I suspect. Professor


Robert Cowell came World News to talk about South Korean politics


last week to my colleague, James Menendez. He had no idea his


children would steal the show and his family would become global


stars. He hasn't talking to James again about the video that's gone


viral. Let's discuss this further with


Robert Kelly... It began as Sony BBC interviews do,


and international news story, a presenter and an expert to explain


what was going on. What happened next, nobody could have predicted


that. This is Professor Robert Kelly. Last


Thursday was an expert on South Korean politics. By Friday, an


Internet superstar. During his live interview on the impeachment of the


South Korean president, his wife and two young children moved into steal


the show. But what was an innocent TV blooper quickly turned into a


social media sensation. People raced to Twitter, YouTube and Facebook to


share the moment. Speaking to me for the first time since the incident, I


asked Professor Kelly and his family what life had been like since they


went viral. It has been pretty unreal. We didn't expect attention


like this at all. We never had anything like this in our life


before. We have had to turn off the phones and Facebook and Twitter. His


wife said she was busy recording Bob Wylie was live on the TV, and that


is why the children could make a break for his study and why she flew


in with such speed. But the mistaken assumption was made that she was the


children's nanny. We were pretty uncomfortable with that. We didn't


argue about any of those. I hope people just enjoy it and not argue


over this thing. A normal family living a normal life, now turned


online legends. I asked Bob if things had calmed down since our


last encounter. Yes, I went to work today. That was nice. I don't turn


off my phone as much as I used to. There was a suggestion sent to me


that you should buy your wife a spa day for everything she did in the


video. That is certainly true. My wife deserves a medal for taking


care of us and our family. That's absolutely true. Goes to show that


anything can happen on live TV. Or perhaps as the saying goes, never


work with animals or children. James Menendez, BBC News. New


research suggests one of the world's British novelists had such bad


vision she would have trouble reading writing. Experts have


revealed Jane Austen was virtually blind towards the end of her life,


possibly because of poisoning, which may have contributed to her early


death. Ben Moore as this. She may have been


one of history's greatest writers, but for Jane Austen, just reading


her novels would have been very difficult without fees. Her


spectacles have been at the British library in a writing desk for 20


years, but only now can they bring a particular focus to her life. Back


in the early 19th century there were prescriptions similar to today. What


we did was have somebody bringing a portable Lens meter so we could


carefully have them examined. Jane Austen was long-sighted. The first


pair of her glasses are no prescription. With the second we can


see her eyes deteriorate. Her final pair revealed she lived in a Blur


eWorld. And this could be linked to one of the author's greatest


mysteries. Why she died so young. The possibility of her being


poisoned accidentally with their heavy metals such as arsenic. We


know that arsenic poisoning can cause cataracts. It was often put


into medication for other types of illness, potentially for rheumatism,


which Jane Austen suffered from. These spectacles are in remarkably


good condition. They are more than 200 years old and made from natural


materials like real tortoiseshell and glass. We don't know if there


were specifically prescribed for Jane Austen or if she bought them


from a travelling salesman. Pretty much the same way we do when we


abiding -- buying reading glasses. Using modern optometry, we can see


what Jane Austen's eyesight would have been like. That is about a plus


one? Quite blurred. But you can cope. That is a plus three? Yes.


That is getting difficult. I can't see your face. I can only see my


hand when it is about there. One of the world's greatest novelists would


have had trouble reading and writing. She would have noticed the


difference when the lights were poor. As she aged, it would've been


more important having the stronger prescription, because your eyes tend


to need some help from reading as you age. The British library wants


to invite optometrist to get in touch to offer their opinions, a


rare chance to see things through the eyes of one of Britain's best


loved authors. Ben Moore, BBC News. That is your


lot from Reporters for this week. From me, goodbye forever.


-- for now.