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Here in the north: It's 75 years since this - the original Jarrow
march. This weekend a new generation have set out to recreate
that 300 mile walk to London. What can they hope to achieve? We'll be
asking a teenager whose great grandfather was on the original
Apology for the loss of subtitles for 2150 seconds
A very warm a welcome to you. This weekend, 75 years on from the
historic Jarrow crusade, aim other marches on its way to London.
Unemployed people laughed at Southtown side -- left the South
Tyneside to protest regeneration of unemployed people. Will be catching
up with the marchers, but first we will speak to some of those people
taking part, including one at a teenager whose great grandfather
was on the original March. It is an unremarkable part of
Jarrow. Right he will find a bit of history. This is a modern chemical
works, back in 1936 it was a shipyard. Jarrow was already
suffering from huge unemployment, that shipyard being cut seemed a
blow could not recover from. It inspired a determination to send a
message to central government. October 1936, 200 people from
Jarrow started a march to London in a protest against unemployment. 75
years on, people from that this area are following in their
footsteps. It is very personal Paul one of this year's marches. Lizi
Gray is a student, but her great grandfather was one of the which 0
Jarrow march us. It is amazing that he took the initiative to March.
There was that much of poverty and disease. How could you stand by and
take it? You are not unemployed? am not in any kind of work. I would
like to have self-sufficiency. It is not looking that like -- it was
not looking like that is possible. This girl is also backing for the
march. She has been unemployed for two years. I apply for jobs every
week, I do not even get a response. Even for jobs that I have
experience for. I have been told are not in been shortlisted. You
can tell yourself it is the economic climate, but you feel
worthless. Daniel is travelling to the march from his home in Carlisle,
a graduate, he still cannot find a job. I have been looking for jobs.
It is not just any, there are fortify graduates chasing every
vacancy. People like me could become a lost generation without
prospects. Is there any comparison between the world of the original
marchers, and modern day Jarrow forced -- modern-day Jarrow? Some
local politicians have dismissed this new March. This is a political
stunt. It is not as bad now than it was then. There are problems at the
moment. These problems were caused by the previous a Labour government,
they just spent all the money. of people unemployed in the
original March. Nobody had anything. We live in a society where you
could be living next to your neighbour who has all the material
benefits. Unemployment is a little bit more difficult now.
75 years on, a new generation are heading to London. Paul Lizi Gray,
a question, what would her great grandfather had made a bit?
would have wanted to do something - - I think he would have wanted to
do something. It would have been horrible for him to know that
people are still having to make this kind of statement. He would
have thought that would change. The modern-day marches. They wish
to badly last night, they should be at Durham but by the end of the day
in. Our reporter joins us from Chester-le-Street.
We are expecting them to come past at this point in one hour. They
will be reaching Northallerton, Darlington, before going on to
cities like Nottingham and Birmingham. They are expected to
eventually reached Downing Street in five weeks' time. They will hand
over a petition calling for more jobs and training for young people.
If they are getting a lot of public support. There was a brass band
sent off, they have been getting a lot of free accommodation. With me
now is one of the organisers of the march. What has been the local
reaction? The local reaction has been incredibly good. We have had
500 people marching the bus yesterday in Jarrow. People were
lining the streets. The fact that trade union branches, church halls,
community centres, it shows the depth of support. We heard
criticism in our report. They are saying it is a stunt. We understand
that living standards are a lot better than in the 1930s, but there
are people unemployed, taxes on education, taxes on the public
sector, what this government are attending to do is turn the clock
back. But they are penalising working-class people. What we are
saying is that we do not want to return to the levels of
unemployment and poverty that the original marchers faced. Shouldn't
these young people be looking for work? They have been looking at the
work, the work is simply not up there at the moment. For every six
unemployed people there is just one vacancy. These are people who have
been trying to get work. They have been applying for God knows how
many jobs per week. We have the government rewarding bankers for
their mistakes, they caused the crisis, they are brewing at bail-
out to them. -- throwing. A march organiser, possibly many blisters
their head. In the week that Labour called for
bankers bonuses, is the governor doing enough to help today's young
people? Joining the is Julie Elliott MP, and Councillor Wayne
Daley. Labour is not involved in this March, should they have been?
They would have helped if we had been asked. We were not asked.
There are many problems in the North East, youth unemployment has
gone up 15 %. Something has to be done. You think this is a
worthwhile protest? I have no problem with young people trying to
draw attention to problems that they are facing. They run a lot of
other things going on. They rise -- them is a lot of lobbying going on.
The impact that these policies are having on young people. You can see
why young people are angry, you have graduates are struggling to
get jobs in Tesco, other people trying to apply in getting nowhere.
I understand that. It is important to highlight issues. The government
made a commitment to great 360 by the Prince's -- create 365,000
apprenticeships. We want to talk about what we are doing to help
people find jobs. There has been a recession, the important thing to
remember is that even unemployment is a lot lower than in other
European countries. He in Spain 44 % of young people are now out of
work. That is not to say we should sit back and say we are better at
other places. I do not accept that. The government's strategy is not
working? Jobs are not been created fast enough. We are in a recession.
That is thanks to the previous government. We are having to turn
things around. It is not going to be easy. I am not going to sit here
pretended will happen overnight. What we are committed to doing is
that �180 million is going to spend on 365,000 apprenticeships. If we
want to get people back to work. has a point doesn't he,
unemployment rose under Labour as well. It was not working?
future job scheme was working. People want that jobs been back.
The figures were rising? It was a long-term programme, it was getting
people back into work. We have lost the working neighbour its fund --
working in neighbourhoods fund. spend all the money? People in work
pay taxes. It was not unsustainable. It should have been cut slowly,
people in work paying taxes. After that, you can cut the deficit. The
problem is, what we are missing, these rates have risen massively
from August last year to August of this year. This is not a problem of
the Labour government, this is a problem of the coalition government.
With respect, these funds were cut under the previous government. A
cut is a cut. When Labour came to power there were 600,000 people and
-- 600,000 young people under work, that had risen to 900,000 under --
when Labour left power. The future jobs fund was creating jobs, they
by artificial jobs. What we are going to do with the
apprenticeships scheme is create more jobs. With the North East
having the highest unemployment rate, the lowest employment rates,
should be governed be doing something specific bodies area?
Absolutely. Do not forget what is being announced today, two big
schemes, one is freeing up brownfield land. We want to weird
and like -- re- energise this area. Or every house, we are going to
build another house. This is a revenue neutral, you sell, you
build. I want to ask Julie a quick question, the government is doing
things with the resources they have, do you accept that? They are trying
to panic -- they are starting to panic. There are some gimmicky
schemes. There is a gimmick for selling houses. There is no real
plan, there is a housing crisis in this area. There changes to
planning regulations are going to stop houses being built. A I do not
a think they policy adds up. By thank you very much.
Ed Miliband are like this talk about the squeeze Middle -- likes
to talk about be squeezed middle. The rising cost the middle -- the
rising cost of living. MPs in this area think he should be talking
about people that he should be The Labour conference in 2011,
plenty of colour, plenty of campaigners. A good bit of red.
There are a Labour members to believe their party has not been
read enough in the last the years. One last -- won at North East MP is
trying to put that right. This is a meeting of the Labour left. A small
gathering, but they have big ambitions. They want to bury have
some new Labour policies. Their chairman is from the North East.
-- 66 % of the population live in households where the income is less
than �25,000 here, I am rather sceptical about electoral
arithmetic of chasing the squeeze the middle. There is an opportunity
to capture the boats are people who did not vote in the last election.
What does that mean? We do not know for certain until they publish
their Red Book, but there is a talk of taxing the rich, increasing the
middle age -- minimum wage, and opening coalmines. There were many
industries privatise under successive governments, we want to
renationalise them. There are worries about a new Labour been
reborn, we feel completely disenfranchised from that. We want
to see the Labour Party representing people. The North East
will be wed -- well represented in the Red Book. As well as Grahame
Morris and Ian Lavery, they're all the other MPs on the region. If you
stick to fuel and power, these are industries which people would like
to see nationalised. I we have to move to the founding principles of
the Labour Party. We have to move on to ground the that we are
familiar with. Things need to change, by the looks of it, they
are listening. This is a party in search of a new direction. Even
those not on the left to save these ideas are welcome, with some
qualifications. There is an idea that some commentators have, not in
the party, that Labour lost in 2010 if because they were not a left-
wing enough. That is why people voted for David Cameron. I think
that is nonsense. People want the same as they have always wanted,
economic competence, along with investment in services that matter
to them. Labour delegates got to bask in an unlikely heatwave. This
is a party out in the cold. The question is, would making it a
small red get them back in power? - - more red.
Do you think Labour has spent too much time talking about the squeeze
the middle? I do not think there is a disenfranchised with the voters.
The Labour Party wants to appeal to every type of voter. We are a party
of aspirations, giving people a fair crack of the whip. There are a
lot of voters who drifted away? but they were not necessary for the
low-paid sector of the electorate. People started voting, people did
not disengage and the political process. That is not entirely true.
House of abetted you think that Ed Miliband will be to the idea set
out by the left. We are in a time when there are a lot of ideas.
There are a lot of ideas, that is exactly where we should be in
opposition. Looking at the range of ideas and policies.
renationalisation an idea we should -- you should be looking at?
might be an idea that some people are attached to romantically, it is
not realistic. Given the current state of the economy, voters may be
in a mood for some renationalisation, they might one
some control over the power companies? Far be it from me to
stop the Labour party contemplating electoral suicide! I think voters
might look at that, and look at their power rates going up, but
looking at renationalisation, Pollock -- politicians deciding
when you get power, it does not work. It is not part of the real
world. Labour needs to take some lessons from us when we lost power,
and stop trying to appeal from the low -- appealed to the lowest
common denominator. The reason that you lost it is because he neglected
the majority of people in this country. He say that, but your
party did not win the last election! A market economy with
bankers has failed us, there is no sign that that economic system is
doing us particularly well? It is exactly the same across the world.
I do not a pink nationalisation, S doing a Michael Foot suicide notes,
that is not the answer. If we need to get the banks back into profit.
Julie Elliott, is an air of danger you are going to come up with
policies that appeal to party members, but not to be public?
would not support policies that appeal to a small group of people,
or idea -- I think you need to appeal to a broad majority. We want
to appeal to everybody. Thank you very much. That is all