22/07/2016 Westminster in Review


22/07/2016

A review of the highlights of the last three months at Westminster, presented by Keith Macdougall.


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Transcript


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I will do everything I can as prime minister to steady the ship over the

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coming weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to

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try to be the captain who steers our country to its next destination.

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24th of June 2016, the morning after the night before. A major upset for

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the political establishment, the EU friend ended in victory for the

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league campaign. It was a humiliation for David Cameron. It

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was also not to be like this. 13 months before, David Cameron had

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been triumphant, winning the general election outright against the odds.

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And one month before, the Queen had come to Parliament in time honoured

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fashion to set out the latest plans of the government, a Conservative

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government barely into its stride, having completed just the first of

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its five years in office. Legislation will be introduced to

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prevent radicalisation. My government will continue work to

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develop -- delivers NHS services to seven days of the week. Proposals

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will be brought forward for a British bill of rights. In England,

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further powers will be devolved to directly elected mayors. My

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government will hold a referendum on the membership of the European

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Union. The State Opening of Parliament on maybe 18. -- maybe 18.

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Ack then, may the 18th, how do you think David Cameron saw the script

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continuing at that point? There was a huge sense of expectation. The

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referendum was about to happen, he was in a holding pattern. There

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wasn't that much detail in the speech, one or two nods to his

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legacy, issues of life chances and reforms at schools and prisons, the

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kind of things that he thought in his head he would have a few years

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to work on. He was in that sort of mode. People broadly thought the

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referendum would be close but most thought that Remain would win at the

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end. He had won referendums in the past, he could do it again, he was

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famously known as the essay crisis Prime Minister who could always

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pluck a victory from defeat at the last minute. That was the general

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expectation. The European referendum campaign had been slowly climbing up

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the nation's political agenda. The Prime Minister decided February that

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the vote would be held in June. The campaign groups have been formed

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further Leave Remain sides. Grexit was the new catchword for those who

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wanted to leave the EU. The remains side never found anything to match

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it. -- Brexit. Battle buses started to the country to put the arguments

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to a sceptical public. One on the Leave campaign bus was certainly to

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prove controversial. In Parliament, the former London Mayor Boris

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Johnson was highlighting to a committee session his distaste for

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what he saw as interfering roles from the European Union. One of the

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rules you say is that an EU rule cannot recycle tea bags and children

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cannot blow up balloons. An adult is advised to blow up a balloon with

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children under eight. In my household, only children under eight

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are allowed to blow up households. It is ludicrous to have this kind of

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prescription. At a European level? I've got toy safety directive in

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front of me. It says warning, children under eight and it is

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asking that this warning be placed on the packaging, it is not

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requiring or forbidding... It is requiring to it to be placed on the

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package. It is requiring a warning to be placed on the packaging. You

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are in restricting what I began the session with which is very partial

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and busking, really, human risk approach to a very serious questions

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of the UK. Chancellor George Osborne and his team made a series of claims

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as part of the campaign to keep Britain in the EU, house values

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would tumble, holidays would cost more and the average family would be

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?4300 worse off. Businesses like this one, there would be hard hit.

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Should the claims be taken seriously or are they exaggerated, as the

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Treasury committee? Interest rates going up, house prices are going to

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slump. I'm wondering whether you are really strengthening or weakening

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your argument on its own terms by going in for all of this stuff? I

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completely reject what you have said. The claims on the packed in

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the economy has been supported by the Bank of England, the OECD, the

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director of the IMF, and every major credible institution in the world.

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Leave campaign is time the Whitehall machine was being used against them.

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This one made it clear. I think you will find you cannot keep up that

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website. We will look at our legal advice. It doesn't change, Prime

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Minister. If we can raise the funds,... Moving on... Better get

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back to the office fast. It seems to me, taking down a website is a bit

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like saying, you have to remove publications that people might

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already have. That is correct. We'll move on, Prime Minister. The levers

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stepped up their campaign. This, the former special adviser. Will the

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vote leave campaign been setting out their analysis of the economic

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impact of leaving the economic -- European Union? We won't be

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publishing the spurious numbers like this... I've heard what you were be

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publishing but what will you be publishing? Also is of analysis, on

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trade and how we think things will improve. Do you not see that leaving

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Europe puts at risk inward investment from companies like

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Hitachi. If Remainers were keeping the debate focused on economic

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gloom, Leave campaign is work focusing on immigration and... The

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arguments were surfacing at PMQs. Over 200,000 migrants came from the

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economic union and yet the propaganda sheets claims we maintain

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control of our borders. Have we withdrawn from the free movement of

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people or is that she'd simply untrue? The truth is this, economic

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migrants that come to the European Union do not have the right to come

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to the UK. What my right honourable friend has put forward is classic of

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the sort of scare story we get. Britain has borders, Britain will

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keep its borders, we've got the best of both worlds. If the British

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people vote to leave the EU, will the Prime Minister remain in office

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to implement their decision? Yes. Not exactly borne out by events.

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Eight days before the crucial vote, that comment is held its own final

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EU debate. It is very simple, it is about who governs us, and if we get

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this wrong, we will not be able to organise and to establish a

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democracy in this country, which is what the people fought and died for,

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not in just one world war but twice. I tell you what will happen, the

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pound will plummet, inflation will go up, we will be caught in a

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whirlwind of economic whirlwind which these people irresponsibly

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want to inflict on millions of our citizens. It is a scandalous

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position to take. There are no economic benefits to the EU

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fishermen -- British fishermen. 99% of fishermen are calling for the UK

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to leave. I say, let's throw them a lifeline and vote Leave. It is

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difficult to see how even the most upbeat Brexiteer couldn't see we

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face perhaps a decade of confidence sapping investment in eroding job

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destroying uncertainty that will take this country back to the dark

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days of 2008 and I for one never want to go there. Less than 24-hour

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is after the debate, the whole referendum campaign came to a

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shuddering halt. Reports alleged that thing and shipping -- a

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stabbing and shooting involving the MP Jo Cox. 41-year-old Jo Cox was

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the first member of Parliament to be murdered in the assassination of the

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conservative Ian Gow at the hands of the ire of Ray in 1990. The public

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were shocked that the brutal killing of an MP could happen in British

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politics. A 52-year-old man, Thomas Mayor, was charged with her murder.

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Campaigning stopped for three days and then Parliament returned for a

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few hours from its referendum break. Some MPs were grief stricken. Jo

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Cox's seat was empty, save for two roses, one white, one red. A minute

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silence was held. Colleagues, we need today in heartbreaking sadness

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but also in heartfelt solidarity. Any death in such awful

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circumstances is an outrage and a tragedy. Her community and the whole

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country has been united in grief. And united in rejecting the well of

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hatred that killed her. We need, Mr Speaker, a kinder and gentler

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politics. This is not a factional party. We all have a response will

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it in this house and beyond not to whip up hatred or so division. I

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first met Jo Cox in 2006. She was doing what she was so brilliant at,

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bravely working in one of the most dangerous parts of the world,

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fighting for the lives of refugees in Darfur. Not long after her son --

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she had her son, she came to a briefing and I remember it because

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she literally didn't stop kissing him all the way through the meeting.

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We will elect a new MP but no one will replace her. I like to think it

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was the deep strong roots in her community that allowed her to put

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her arms around the world. I was in awe of her, a bit envious. She was

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energetic, brave, dynamic, fit, beautiful, I can't ever remember

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recall seeing her sad negative or without hope. She was told me as my

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manager at Oxfam that she didn't do touchy-feely and I was being too

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emotional and we need to get on with it and we needed to sort out the

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campaign we were working on. The public wondered at the shock of her

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murder might produce a quieter more considerate view of politics. There

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was one big TV event to come. The public flocked to London's Wembley

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Arena for a two-hour debate. Leading figures slugged it out in front of

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jubilant supporters. In Britain that works with its

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friends and neighbours, it doesn't walk away from them. If we vote will

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even take back control, I believe that this first step can be our

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country's Independence Day. Referendum day, the 23rd of June was

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followed by flash flooding and torrential rain, a portent of the

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drama to come. Polls closed at 10pm and accounting started. The BBC's

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results programme got under way. Political editor Laura Kuenssberg

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noted something about the voting trends after 90 minutes in

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Sunderland. Two different sources suggest to me that Sunderland, but

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we expect for a leaf, might be very pro-leave. The first indications

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were confirmed, the story was going one way only. The total number of

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votes cast in favour of leave was 80 2000. Newcastle and Sunderland,

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David, don't anyone go to bed yet. They remaining counts are now

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selling out of sterling as quickly as they can. So far at least we have

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many more places where it leaves is doing better than expected and

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remain is doing better than expected. Leave our winning in

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places remained was expected to win. We have to face the possibility that

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leave will win the referendum and Britain believes the European Union.

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We have to face that large parts of the country are turning away from

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both major parties. You can see South East, Northwest, West

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Midlands, East Midlands and whales are all going Forli. In the small

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hours, Nigel Farage, who has spent his life fighting the EU was

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triumphant. This was the victory for real people. A victory for ordinary

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people. As dawn broke the game is up for the Remain camp, victory for

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leave. The British people have spoken and the answer is we are out.

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It was a bit amusing moment for many. But the sense of the world and

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was added to shortly after eight outside Downing Street. I was

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cleared about my belief that Britain is stronger, safer and better off

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inside the European Union but the British people have made a very

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clear decision to take a different path. As such, I think the country

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requires fresh leadership to take it in this direction. I will do

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everything I can as prime minister to steady the ship over the coming

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weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to try to

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be the captain that steers our country to its next destination. So

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David Cameron there without dramatic resignation announcement. James

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Landale is with me again. How much of a thunderbolt was it, the EU

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referendum result? It was a huge shock. There had always been doubts

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and I spoke to someone who had walked with David Cameron before the

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referendum and David Cameron said he did not know which way it was going

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to go. There was a realisation it would be tight but they thought they

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would always when so to lose and lose convincingly as the dead was a

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huge shock to the government. It was not how the script was supposed to

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call. The conventional wisdom of referendums is that governments only

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call them when they will win them. The floating vote always swings in

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behind the status quo in the end, and therefore vote remain. David

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Cameron was forced to call this referendum sometime ago, well before

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the last general election. He was forced to do so to say off set from

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Ukip and maintain Conservative Party unity. If you had not promised the

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referendum there was a strong chance that conservatives would have

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divided and been less likely to the election. In terms of floating

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voters and most people swinging to the status quo in referendums, that

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is true of most referendums but not the European Union referendums. If

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you look at than in other countries, towards the end there has always

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been a swing to the Euro-sceptic callers and that is one of the

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things which happened here. Do you think David Cameron had any option

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not to go ahead and have the referendum? I think it would've been

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very for him. The issue has been dividing British politics and voters

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for many years. There was a sense it was coming to a head and at some

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point the British people had to be given a chance to express that own

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views in a fundamental way. This was just the moment it happened. It

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would have been very difficult for David Cameron not to do it. Other

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people say, have the referendum but he should have campaigned in a

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different way. He looked quite sombre at that point, do you think

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he was a sad man on the 24th of June? Regretful, I think. This is

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not how he wanted to go and he was being forced out of Downing Street

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without the decorum that he would have liked. On the other hand, many

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people thought this is how British democracy war -- works. There has

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been an extraordinary vote by the people and he took the view that he

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did not have the confidence of the people and he had to go quicker than

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expected. He told me he wanted to serve a full second term but it was

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not to be. Thank you very much. We will talk again in a few moments.

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Both sides spend the weekend after the referendum recovering from the

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shock of the leaf victory. The Commons then regrouped on Monday

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afternoon. The British people have voted to leave the European union.

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It was not the result I wanted nor the outcome I think better the I

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love. Although leaving the EU is not the path I recommended, I am the

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first to praise the strengths of our incredible country. As we proceed

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with carrying out the challenges this will result in, I want to hold

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on to Britain which is respected abroad, engaged in the world and

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engaged with our partners for generations to come. Jeremy Corbyn

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criticise the way the referendum was fought. Half-truths were told. Many

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key figures spent themselves distancing themselves from the

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half-truths, not lose -- not least that the NHS would be handed ?350

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million a week if we left. We voted to remain in Scotland because we are

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European nation, it really matters to us that we live in an outward

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looking country, not diminished little bit. In Scotland we are now

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being told from Westminster that despite the majority against leave,

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we are going to have to do as we are told, we are going to be taken out

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of Europe against our wealth. The voters of the united kingdom have

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demonstrated the value of that great principle, the principle of

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democracy for which people fought and died. I can accept defeat but I

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will not give up. I have not changed my beliefs. Leaving aside the

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constitutional term I'll, the damage to the economy and the uncertainty

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which hangs over Britain was my place in the world, the leaders of

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the Brexit campaign had engendered an atmosphere were some people

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believe it is open season for racism. Could I ask him also to say

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today and condemn clearly those people who are almost implying that

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decent people all over this country who voted to leave the European

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Union are somehow closet racist. Well the premise in the with me that

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when he says the country needs to come together, does he accept that

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the first part of that is that everybody has to accept the result

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of the referendum whether they like it or not? The mood in the halls was

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far from celebratory. The campaign is over with now. It will be no bad

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thing if the campaigning organisations on both sides and I

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spoke as someone... Should shut up shop. As a Democrat, I respect the

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outcome of the referendum but I also suspect as many members across the

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House I am very saddened by the result and I have a deep anxiety

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about what the future holds for our country. Whatever the result of this

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referendum and the decision to leave the European Union, this country has

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not given up on its values. We are still the United Kingdom and our

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values remain exactly as they were. On Friday morning I woke not only

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with the song in my heart but also with the words of the Magnificat in

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my heart, that is he has put down the mighty from their seat and he

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has exalted the humble and the week. A few days later came the verdict of

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the Archbishop of Canterbury. The course of the campaign was both risk

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-- robust as it should be but at times it appeared over the line on

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both sides. It is not merely been robust but being unacceptable.

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Through those comments were created cracks in the thin crust of the

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politeness and tolerance of our society to which since the

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referendum we have seen an out willing of poison and heated that I

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cannot remember in this country for very many years. -- hatred. What

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about this verdict from a former cabinet secretary? After 65 years of

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service I do not remember such an unholy mess as we are now except

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perhaps after Suez affair which is as existential as our political

:24:30.:24:34.

crisis. David Cameron argued that badgers were known out of his hands

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but remain campaigners in labour were getting agitated. We know that

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many millions of people in this country felt they were deceived by

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the exaggerations and lies in the campaigns of both parties and they

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now feel themselves cheated by that result and millions of people are

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protesting. Is it not right that we look again at the possibility of a

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second referendum in this certainty that all second thoughts are

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superior to first thoughts? It was not just the Commons which called

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the second referendum, the Lords joined in as well. The British

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people must begin in the chance to vote on the deal to leave the EU

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once we finally know what that deal is and what it will cost. Do we

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really want another one? I cannot believe people want another one.

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After that it was confirmed a Parliamentary debate with be held on

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a second EU Referendum in early is September. There was a curious

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political symmetry in the weeks after the referendum, there was

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serious leadership turmoil in both the Conservatives and the Labour

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party. The apparent half-hearted support for the remain campaign by

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the Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn led to the extraordinary spectacle of a

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motion of no-confidence in his leadership being passed by his MPs

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and then adamant that it series of resignations by the majority of

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front bench team. It was all designed to force the Labour leader

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out. But battered and embattled, Jeremy Corbyn wages doing resign and

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was in defiant mood at Prime Minister Westerns. -- refused to

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resign. Will the Prime Minister leave a one nation legacy and well

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that one nation legacy be the scrapping of the veterans tax, the

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banning of zero hours contracts and cancelling of the cuts to Universal

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Credit? I have to say to the honourable gentleman, he talks about

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job security and my two months to go, it might be in my party's

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interest for him to sit there but it is not in the national interest and

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I would say to him, but heavens sake, go. With Shadow Cabinet

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members resigning, David Cameron stepped up the mockery. We welcome

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the member -- new member for tooting to her place. I would advise to keep

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her mobile phone on, she met be in the shadow cabinet by the end of the

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day. The Conservatives could not afford to gloat too much, they had

:27:21.:27:25.

their own leadership difficulties. Candidates came forward as potential

:27:26.:27:28.

prime ministers. One declared herself like this... My future is

:27:29.:27:34.

very simple, my name is to these me and I am the best person to be Prime

:27:35.:27:42.

Minister. -- Teresa May. There were thoughts that Boris Johnson would

:27:43.:27:50.

win the top job but in a political manoeuvre, he was knifed by this

:27:51.:27:55.

man, Michael Gove. He did not have the capacity to build our team and

:27:56.:27:59.

laid-back team that the country needs at this moment. This led to

:28:00.:28:07.

the shock withdrawal of the contest to be wider of the party. I have

:28:08.:28:14.

concluded that that person cannot be me. Boris supporters were despondent

:28:15.:28:22.

when the majority of Conservative MPs turned against Michael Gove that

:28:23.:28:24.

left just one campaigner in the leadership contest, Andrea Leadsom

:28:25.:28:31.

and everyone expected and nine week battle between her and Teresa May.

:28:32.:28:36.

Then came her interview in the Times newspaper and one more twist in the

:28:37.:28:40.

tale. I am therefore withdrawing from the leadership election. Which

:28:41.:28:47.

left Teresa May to have what's known in Westminster language as a

:28:48.:28:53.

coronation. She became Britain's's 54th prime minister a contest.

:28:54.:28:58.

A huge amount of fallout from the EU referendum result. James Landau is

:28:59.:29:06.

with me. It is furious that wasn't any celebration for Leave. In fact,

:29:07.:29:12.

some of the key figures, Michael Gove, Nigel Farage, they left, they

:29:13.:29:17.

didn't see the initiative. There is an old saying that revolutions tend

:29:18.:29:21.

to eat their own children. That is what happened to the Leave campaign.

:29:22.:29:27.

Some members of that campaign did not think they would win. Some

:29:28.:29:33.

thought they might be establishing positions for themselves, showing

:29:34.:29:37.

they had a good fight, a good campaign, so they could present

:29:38.:29:40.

themselves another leadership ways. And why it happened, it was, we have

:29:41.:29:45.

to deal with this now. One of the great criticisms of the Leave

:29:46.:29:50.

campaign was that they have never been clear about what actually

:29:51.:29:54.

happens next, what is the elation ship that the British Godman should

:29:55.:29:59.

forge with the European Union and countries outside the European

:30:00.:30:03.

Union. There was a sense of hiatus, rather than celebration and victory.

:30:04.:30:08.

There was a celebration that they had won the campaign but instantly,

:30:09.:30:13.

it turned into, certainly with the Conservative Party, a battle about

:30:14.:30:18.

who is now going to lead this party. Everyone knew David Cameron was

:30:19.:30:21.

going so the leadership campaign got under way and that took any

:30:22.:30:24.

president over what does this mean for Britain. Extraordinary that

:30:25.:30:28.

there should be two parallel outbursts of leadership turmoil. Has

:30:29.:30:34.

that ever happened before? It is pretty rare but both were forced by

:30:35.:30:39.

the result. David Cameron announced his resignation because of his

:30:40.:30:44.

defeat and also Jeremy Corbyn 's perceived lack of enthusiasm for the

:30:45.:30:50.

Remain campaign was one of the triggers that convinced his

:30:51.:30:53.

opponents in the Labour Party that they had to get rid of him. Here was

:30:54.:30:59.

a moment where they had pretext, a reason to say, look, to the Labour

:31:00.:31:05.

Party, we were all in favour of remaining in the EU, Jeremy Corbyn

:31:06.:31:10.

was lacklustre, in their view, in the way he campaigned, this is why

:31:11.:31:13.

we cannot carry on with him as a leader because he is one of the

:31:14.:31:18.

factors that many Labour voters didn't come out to support the

:31:19.:31:23.

Remain campaign, they were attracted to a more Ukip style message so that

:31:24.:31:28.

triggered the Labour leadership contest as much as it did on the

:31:29.:31:33.

conservative side. Nine years ago, Tony Blair left the job of Prime

:31:34.:31:38.

Minister in a grand style with applause ringing out at the end of

:31:39.:31:43.

the PMQs that was more relaxed than normal. The idea appealed to David

:31:44.:31:47.

Cameron as he worked out how to bring to a close his tenure as the

:31:48.:31:54.

top job. The 13th of July saw his 182nd and final PMQs. This morning,

:31:55.:32:00.

I had meetings with ministerial colleagues and others. Other than

:32:01.:32:06.

one meeting with the Queen, the director of the rest of the day is

:32:07.:32:10.

remarkably light. Within 30 years of this house, watching five Prime

:32:11.:32:15.

ministers and several extra ministers, I have seen him achieve

:32:16.:32:19.

mastery of that dispatch box and paralleled in my time. This session

:32:20.:32:25.

does have admirers around the world. When I met me Bloomberg in New York,

:32:26.:32:30.

everyone knew him and came up to him and said, you are doing a great job,

:32:31.:32:36.

no one knew who I was until someone said, hey, Cameron, Prime Minister's

:32:37.:32:42.

Questions, we love your show! It is only right that after six years of

:32:43.:32:46.

Prime Minister, we thank you for your service. I have often disagreed

:32:47.:32:54.

with him. Isn't she writes that too many people into many places in

:32:55.:32:59.

Britain feel their economy has been destroyed in towns they are in

:33:00.:33:04.

because the industries have gone? There are levels of higher

:33:05.:33:07.

deployment or under employment and a deep sense of malaise. To be accused

:33:08.:33:13.

of sloth in delivery, let's take the last week we have both been having

:33:14.:33:18.

these leadership elections, we got on with it, we have had resignation,

:33:19.:33:27.

Coronation, and a new start. They have even decided but the rules are

:33:28.:33:35.

yet. If they ever got into power, it would take about a year to work out

:33:36.:33:41.

who would sit where. Democracy is an exciting and splendid thing and I am

:33:42.:33:49.

enjoying every moment of it. The Home Secretary, Mr Speaker, was

:33:50.:33:56.

talking of the economy, again, she said many people find themselves

:33:57.:34:02.

exploited by unscrupulous bosses, I can't imagine who she is referring

:34:03.:34:12.

to. But let me say something to him about the democratic process of

:34:13.:34:14.

leadership elections because I did say to him a couple of weeks ago,

:34:15.:34:19.

I'm beginning to admire his tenacity. He is reminding me of the

:34:20.:34:23.

Black night in Monty Python's holy Grail. He has been kicked so many

:34:24.:34:31.

times but he says keep going, it's only a flesh wound. I admire that.

:34:32.:34:39.

Mr Kenneth Clarke. He will have some plans for a slightly more enjoyable

:34:40.:34:43.

and relaxed Wednesday morning at lunchtime and nevertheless, he will

:34:44.:34:46.

still be an active participant in this house. As he faces a large

:34:47.:34:52.

number of problems over the next few years. Note to people know what

:34:53.:34:59.

Brexit means at the moment and we need his advice and statesmanship as

:35:00.:35:06.

much as we have had. I will watch these exchanges from the

:35:07.:35:09.

backbenches, I will miss the roar of the crowd, I will miss the barbs

:35:10.:35:14.

from the opposition, but I will be willing you on, and when I say

:35:15.:35:17.

winning yuan, and I'd don't just mean the new Prime Minister or

:35:18.:35:22.

willing on the front bench, defending the manifesto that I

:35:23.:35:25.

helped put together but I mean willing all of you on because people

:35:26.:35:30.

come here with huge passion for the issues they care about, they come

:35:31.:35:34.

here with great love for the constituents they represent, and

:35:35.:35:38.

also willing on this place because we can be pretty tough and challenge

:35:39.:35:43.

our leaders are perhaps more than other countries, but that is

:35:44.:35:45.

something we should be proud of and keep at it and I hope you will all

:35:46.:35:50.

keep at it and I will will you on as you do. The last thing I will say is

:35:51.:35:55.

that you can achieve a lot of things in politics, you can get a lot of

:35:56.:35:58.

things done. And that in the end, the national interest, that is what

:35:59.:36:02.

it is all about. Nothing is really impossible if you put your mind to

:36:03.:36:07.

it. After all, as I once said, I was the future once.

:36:08.:36:36.

And with that ovation ringing in his ears, David Cameron returned for the

:36:37.:36:43.

final time to Downing Street, re-emerging a few hours later with

:36:44.:36:48.

family to say a few words to the waiting media, posing with wife

:36:49.:36:51.

Samantha and children on the Downing Street steps for those final, final

:36:52.:36:57.

photographs, before making a car journey to Buckingham Palace to

:36:58.:37:01.

tender his formal resignation to Her Majesty The Queen. He had been Prime

:37:02.:37:07.

Minister the six years and two months, moments later, his successor

:37:08.:37:10.

to reason me made her way to Buckingham Palace where she was

:37:11.:37:17.

invited to formalin in a stretch in. The Queen appointed her Prime

:37:18.:37:20.

Minister and first Lord of the Treasury. Returning from the palace,

:37:21.:37:25.

she spoke the first time as PM. Her Majesty The Queen has asked me to

:37:26.:37:28.

form a new government and I accepted. We are living through an

:37:29.:37:32.

important moment in our country's history. Following the referendum,

:37:33.:37:37.

we face a time of great national change. So, to reason me replacing

:37:38.:37:43.

David Cameron as Britain's Prime Minister. James Lando Hill again.

:37:44.:37:49.

How will history record the record of four Minister David Cameron? One

:37:50.:37:55.

word. Brexit. However much you would like it to be something else, that

:37:56.:37:59.

will be the word that hangs around him for ever. He will be the Prime

:38:00.:38:03.

Minister who called the referendum and lost it and as a result, the

:38:04.:38:07.

United Kingdom left the European Union. However it pans out in the

:38:08.:38:12.

future and whatever may happen, we don't know. That is something that

:38:13.:38:17.

happened on his watch. Yes, the second paragraph will say he was a

:38:18.:38:22.

man that made the conservator party electable again, who brought the

:38:23.:38:25.

Conservative Party together, he partially won one election and

:38:26.:38:29.

against all the odds, won outright second general election and won it

:38:30.:38:34.

clear mandate from the British people, who was there be good at

:38:35.:38:38.

being Prime Minister. Even his opponents would that, that he was

:38:39.:38:42.

good at doing the Prime Minister real thing, whether it was giving

:38:43.:38:46.

statements on grave matters such as the seven enquiry and bloody Sunday

:38:47.:38:54.

in Northern Ireland but also negotiating... He looked the part of

:38:55.:38:58.

the world stage. And she did introduce some reforms. People will

:38:59.:39:01.

look at some of the education reforms that he has brought in, the

:39:02.:39:05.

academies, the development of the whole agenda. There will be those

:39:06.:39:13.

bits of camera and things that will linger within the body politic but

:39:14.:39:18.

once they have said he won a referendum to keep the United

:39:19.:39:22.

Kingdom together, they will come back to this is a man who on his

:39:23.:39:26.

watch saw the United Kingdom believe the European Union. 13 years have

:39:27.:39:38.

passed since this happened. The invasion of Iraq by US and UK forces

:39:39.:39:43.

to destroy the regime of Saddam Hussein. The arguments have raged

:39:44.:39:48.

ever since, the rights and wrongs of the war in Iraq and the subsequent

:39:49.:39:53.

events. The report into the enquiry by Sir John Chilcot had been

:39:54.:40:01.

anticipated. It was 12 volumes and some 12 and a half million words.

:40:02.:40:04.

Although its findings were strong, it didn't have a huge impact

:40:05.:40:08.

originally envisaged. Chilcot concluded there had been a rush to

:40:09.:40:12.

war without a peaceful options look at and there had been too little

:40:13.:40:16.

planning for the postinvasion period. MPs responded to the

:40:17.:40:20.

enquiries report. The decision to invade Iraq in 2003 on the bases for

:40:21.:40:28.

the Chilcot enquiry calls flawed intelligence about the weapons of

:40:29.:40:31.

mass instruction stroke mass destruction has had a far reaching

:40:32.:40:37.

impact. It has led to a breakdown in trust in politics and a now wasted

:40:38.:40:41.

douches of government. The tragedy is that while the governing class

:40:42.:40:46.

got it so horrifically wrong, many of our people got it white. The lack

:40:47.:40:53.

of planning has also been evident since in oration to Afghanistan, to

:40:54.:40:59.

Libya, to Syria, and most recently with absolutely no plan whatsoever

:41:00.:41:04.

in regard to Brexit. The then Prime Minister must take full

:41:05.:41:10.

responsibility for encouraging this house to take the decision that it

:41:11.:41:15.

did with disastrous consequences into stabilising the world. The

:41:16.:41:19.

horrors of Saddam Hussein, what he did to his own people, they were

:41:20.:41:25.

fully documented, and I think we were right to take that into

:41:26.:41:33.

account. Parts of the Ministry of Defence were not delivering the

:41:34.:41:36.

advice the government needed an element of the Foreign Office had

:41:37.:41:40.

succumbed to a form of groupthink that leaves me deep to concerned as

:41:41.:41:44.

to the structure and advice Gomez can get. Whatever we think about the

:41:45.:41:48.

judgment that was made, we should acknowledge that the bond of trust

:41:49.:41:51.

between the government, this house on the public has been damaged by

:41:52.:41:57.

the decision that was taken in 2003. And we here in this place today now

:41:58.:42:02.

have an absolute need to put that right for the future. And in the

:42:03.:42:05.

Lords, opinions differed about Tony Blair. I have never believed that he

:42:06.:42:11.

lied to the British people. And I accept that he was sincere in

:42:12.:42:15.

believing that military action to remove Saddam Hussein was necessary

:42:16.:42:24.

as a last resort. To coin his own phrase, it is right that Tony Blair

:42:25.:42:27.

should feel the hand of history on his soldier -- shoulder. If I was

:42:28.:42:33.

back in the same place, he said, with the same information, I would

:42:34.:42:38.

take the same decision. If that is left to stand unchallenged, Chilcot

:42:39.:42:44.

will have failed. Let's be quite clear about that. That statement is

:42:45.:42:49.

accessed double. Those of us who had top-secret intelligence files put in

:42:50.:42:52.

front of us, it is the menaces adaptive, you want to believe it,

:42:53.:42:57.

you think you are extremely privileged to have access to this

:42:58.:43:01.

information, and you need some wise old heads around who can say, there

:43:02.:43:05.

may be a few other considerations that one needs to take into account.

:43:06.:43:11.

When Theresa May selected her line-up of ministers, the changes

:43:12.:43:15.

were expensive and bold and brutal. With 24-hour was of comings and

:43:16.:43:19.

goings in Downing Street, virtually every job in the cabin lay in new

:43:20.:43:24.

hands. The appointment of Boris Johnson as new Foreign Secretary

:43:25.:43:28.

caused a mild sensation. There was a new Chancellor, new Home Secretary,

:43:29.:43:34.

Nu Justice Secretary, in fact there was newness everywhere. But some of

:43:35.:43:37.

the issues in the new Prime minister's in tray were

:43:38.:43:40.

long-standing one. Like the big decision on whether to go ahead with

:43:41.:43:45.

a ?31 billion programme to replace the fleet of Trident nuclear

:43:46.:43:48.

submarines. Theresa May came to the Commons.

:43:49.:43:53.

I call the Prime Minister. There is no greater responsibility as prime

:43:54.:44:02.

minister than ensuring the safety and security of our people which is

:44:03.:44:06.

why I have made it my first duty to move the motion so weak and get on

:44:07.:44:11.

with the job of renewing an essential part of our national

:44:12.:44:14.

security for generations to come. Keeping and renewing our nuclear

:44:15.:44:22.

weapons is so vital to our security so therefore every other country

:44:23.:44:26.

should seek to require nuclear weapons and does she really think

:44:27.:44:30.

the world would be a safer place if the dead? We are driving nuclear

:44:31.:44:38.

weapons not the opposite? I do not accept that at all. I have to say to

:44:39.:44:43.

the honourable lady that she and some members of the Labour party

:44:44.:44:46.

seem to be the first to defend our country's enemies... Is she

:44:47.:44:54.

personally prepared to authorise a nuclear strike that could kill

:44:55.:44:59.

100,000 innocent women and children? Yes. And I have to say, the whole

:45:00.:45:08.

point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would

:45:09.:45:14.

be prepared to use it. Unlike some suggestions that we did have a

:45:15.:45:19.

nuclear deterrent but not actually willing to use it which came from

:45:20.:45:23.

the Labour party front bench. Jeremy Corbyn welcomed the new prime

:45:24.:45:28.

minister. I wish her well and I am glad her election was quick and

:45:29.:45:35.

short. On these benches, despite our differences, we have always argued

:45:36.:45:40.

for the aim of a nuclear free world. We met different about how it will

:45:41.:45:45.

be achieved but we are united in our commitment to that end. Last year

:45:46.:45:52.

the party conference voted in favour of a nuclear deterrent so why are we

:45:53.:45:57.

hearing a defence of the government measure from the detached or --

:45:58.:46:03.

dispatch box now? Party policy is also to review our policies which is

:46:04.:46:08.

why we have reviews. The priority of this government and sadly too many

:46:09.:46:12.

people on the Labour benches at a time of Tory uncertainty and

:46:13.:46:18.

economic uncertainty is to spend billions of pounds on outdated

:46:19.:46:21.

nuclear weapons which we do not want, do not need and could never

:46:22.:46:27.

use. In the end the Commons back the renewal of the Trident nuclear

:46:28.:46:32.

weapons system by a massive majority of 355 votes. 60% of Labour MPs

:46:33.:46:38.

supported renewal, therefore going against the views of their leader --

:46:39.:46:43.

their leader and underlying the split in the Labour ranks. A strong

:46:44.:46:48.

start for Teresa May and she was in place for her first PMQs a couple of

:46:49.:46:54.

days later. Order, questions to the Prime Minister. Mr Speaker, I am

:46:55.:47:04.

sure that the whole House will wish to join me in welcoming today's

:47:05.:47:09.

employment figures which show employment at another record high.

:47:10.:47:15.

Howard government is already missing its targets on debt, deficit and

:47:16.:47:22.

productivity. Six years of government austerity has failed. The

:47:23.:47:26.

long-term economic plan is clearly dead, is there a new one? It is the

:47:27.:47:34.

long-term economic plan which has delivered the record level of

:47:35.:47:38.

employment. He talks about austerity, I call it living within

:47:39.:47:48.

our means. He talks about austerity but actually it is about not

:47:49.:47:52.

saddling our children and grandchildren with significant

:47:53.:47:57.

debts. In her speech on the steps of Downing Street, she also addressed

:47:58.:48:01.

insecure workers saying you have a job but you don't always have job

:48:02.:48:05.

security. Does that mean she is proposing to scrap the employment

:48:06.:48:12.

tribunal fees, ban zero hours contracts as more than one dozen

:48:13.:48:16.

European nations have already done? That would help to give greater job

:48:17.:48:20.

security to many very worried people in this country. I have insisted he

:48:21.:48:26.

refers to the situation of some workers who might have job

:48:27.:48:29.

insecurity and potentially unscrupulous bosses. I suspect that

:48:30.:48:34.

our many members on the opposition benches who might be familiar with

:48:35.:48:39.

an unscrupulous boss. Our boys who does not listen to his workers. --

:48:40.:48:46.

our boss. Our boss who require some of his workers to double their

:48:47.:48:54.

workloads? And maybe even a boss who exploits the rules to further his

:48:55.:49:06.

own career? Reminds him of anybody? Teresa May doing her first Prime

:49:07.:49:09.

Minister's Questions. James Landale is with me again. A remarkable

:49:10.:49:14.

cleared out of ministers and officials by Teresa May, stamping

:49:15.:49:19.

her own authority and making it clear she is not going to be just

:49:20.:49:27.

Cameron 2.0. Definitely. She has made a clear statement that the

:49:28.:49:32.

Cameron reign is over. Most people think that was a sensible decision.

:49:33.:49:37.

Yes, it is difficult because you store up a lot of unhappiness on the

:49:38.:49:43.

backbenches. All the backbenchers will be watching everything she does

:49:44.:49:48.

and they will hold her to her words which she uttered in Downing Street,

:49:49.:49:52.

one nation of conservatism, helping the poor, Oliver is moderate,

:49:53.:50:02.

centrist, some might say positioning herself to take things of the Labour

:50:03.:50:07.

party. The Cameron team will hold her to that. If she does not

:50:08.:50:12.

deliver, they will pick her up on it. That is the risk she was always

:50:13.:50:19.

going to take but she made it a clear strategic decision, you cannot

:50:20.:50:23.

just lose the Cameron and keep George Osborne. Keep them perhaps as

:50:24.:50:28.

Foreign Secretary, a bit of continuity, that was the argument

:50:29.:50:32.

but she took the view that the team Cameron had to call and she was

:50:33.:50:37.

quite ruthless at the top and the bottom taking out the Cameron

:50:38.:50:40.

supporters and saying this is my team now. What will it be like for

:50:41.:50:48.

British ministers when they negotiate their British withdrawal

:50:49.:50:52.

from European union? It will be very hard indeed. We are not used to this

:50:53.:50:58.

whole process. Nobody knows how this will operate. It is down to

:50:59.:51:05.

nitty-gritty like if we for example leave a European union, what are the

:51:06.:51:09.

regulations which will have to apply to our farmers over the way they

:51:10.:51:14.

milk cows? Over the way they spray their crops with various chemicals?

:51:15.:51:20.

What protections that are currently European to rebid UK Government

:51:21.:51:27.

reinstates? What about subsidies to farmers? Do we repeat the same

:51:28.:51:34.

amount? That is just one small thing. Think about all the

:51:35.:51:39.

regulations for businesses. These are hugely technical. Thousands and

:51:40.:51:43.

thousands of EU regulations will have to be looked at and thought

:51:44.:51:47.

about. The British Government and Civil Service will have to decide if

:51:48.:51:52.

we keep this, and end it or ditch it. It is a process which will take

:51:53.:51:57.

years. Thank you very much for joining us. Once again Parliament's

:51:58.:52:03.

committees have had a lively term, probing issues and shining lights in

:52:04.:52:07.

dark places but the witnesses have not always been rushing to face the

:52:08.:52:12.

MPs. Mike Ashley is the man at the top of sports direct, a firm which

:52:13.:52:18.

forced many of its place to except low rates of pay and work in a harsh

:52:19.:52:23.

regime. Mr Ashworth initially refused to come to Westminster to

:52:24.:52:27.

answer MP questions but when he finally came, he argued that sports

:52:28.:52:34.

direct had become too big to manage. I did not build sports direct, it

:52:35.:52:40.

built me. It is like going out one day and you have a tiny inflatable

:52:41.:52:45.

and you are in control and the next, you wake up and you are an oil

:52:46.:52:52.

tanker. You cannot be all over that oil tanker. If there is a problem on

:52:53.:52:59.

that oil tanker, you are still responsible as I am ultimately

:53:00.:53:04.

responsible for sports direct. Lots of organisations have grown and

:53:05.:53:07.

given employees permanent contracts, why is it so difficult for you? I

:53:08.:53:12.

have given a lot of people permanent contracts. You're not being fair,

:53:13.:53:17.

you're trying to twist what I say. That is why I fear coming to things

:53:18.:53:21.

like this because you try to put words in my mouth and twist what I

:53:22.:53:26.

am saying. I'm telling you it was physically impossible over the last

:53:27.:53:31.

ten years as to do what we had to do with that amount of people unless we

:53:32.:53:35.

went to external agencies who are professionals. You have to accept

:53:36.:53:41.

the internet growth was a phenomenon that none of us could have allowed

:53:42.:53:47.

for. You have to accept, I have to accept that sports direct made some

:53:48.:53:51.

mistakes. We have to look to the future. I have offered you guys to

:53:52.:53:58.

come any time you want to know. I have even offered to come back in a

:53:59.:54:04.

year if you want me to. I will not have everything right, it will be

:54:05.:54:07.

impossible that I could get everything right, I am one human

:54:08.:54:13.

being. He was then asked about British home stores, the store

:54:14.:54:17.

collapsed in April with debts in excess of one and a quarter billion

:54:18.:54:25.

pounds. Did you want to buy VHS? -- British home stores? I think it is

:54:26.:54:31.

unfair and it is a no comment. Mr Ashley, thank you for your time. I

:54:32.:54:37.

cannot resist, I wanted to buy British home stores. Oh my God. Why

:54:38.:54:48.

was that stopped? Please, that is why I am not city trained, that is

:54:49.:54:53.

why they say they cannot House trained me. You ask me something, I

:54:54.:55:00.

blurt out the answers. Eight days after that performance by Mike

:55:01.:55:04.

Ashley, a retailer with an even bigger reputation is in the hot

:55:05.:55:10.

seat. Like Mr Ashley, Sir Philip Green, the former owner of British

:55:11.:55:16.

home stores also reluctant to go through a Westminster interrogation.

:55:17.:55:20.

Why had he sold the company to the racing driver Dominic Chappell, and

:55:21.:55:24.

I'm in recent years declared bankrupt at least twice. Whether we

:55:25.:55:31.

got misled or jute, unfortunately there seems to be a lot of people

:55:32.:55:35.

who accepted the sky at face value. Lawyers, accountants, all sorts of

:55:36.:55:44.

other people. -- accepted this guy. Banks who were prepared to write

:55:45.:55:49.

letters comedies where the facts. Unfortunately, it was the wrong

:55:50.:55:57.

person. -- these are the facts. Would I do that deal again? I would

:55:58.:56:03.

not. And on to the idea of selling BHS to sports direct. You did

:56:04.:56:09.

nothing to ensure that sports direct could begin in wartime to consider

:56:10.:56:16.

this? Which deal? The deal to buy BHS. We have spent five hours, on

:56:17.:56:24.

what possible bases would I want to stop somebody buying it if they

:56:25.:56:30.

would rescue it? Come on, that is an insult. That is really rude. I find

:56:31.:56:36.

that really rude. I do apologise because I do not mean to be rude.

:56:37.:56:43.

You couldn't make in excess of that and you did not want another retail

:56:44.:56:49.

billionaire to do it. I think that is disgusting and it is a sad way to

:56:50.:56:55.

end it. We have not finished yet. I think that is out of order and I

:56:56.:57:02.

think you should apologise. Here's a business where if there is are

:57:03.:57:05.

reliable buyer, I have offered to add to his purchase price for free.

:57:06.:57:11.

To put X million pounds and in top of what he wanted to pay and I have

:57:12.:57:17.

tried to block it, it is laughable. You should all me an apology for

:57:18.:57:22.

that. I have sat you for six hours and I have not been rude to. You It

:57:23.:57:29.

is nothing to do with any eagle. Sir Philip Green. Politics is not what

:57:30.:57:34.

it used to be, the country has a women prime minister for the second

:57:35.:57:40.

time. Women are in key positions in the legislature. Three of the

:57:41.:57:44.

political parties in Scotland are led by women. The DUP in Northern

:57:45.:57:50.

Ireland is led by women. Plaid Cymru is led by a woman. Neil election

:57:51.:57:58.

victories are not newsworthy events. The winner of the Speaker election

:57:59.:58:03.

was a man. Norman Fowler. I would like to have -- thank the House

:58:04.:58:08.

sincerely for the exceptional support they have given me and say

:58:09.:58:12.

that I will do the art was to live up to this trust. This is the first

:58:13.:58:21.

time a man has been elected to the role of Lord Speaker. Ladysmith

:58:22.:58:29.

reflecting on an unlikely glass ceiling being smashed. -- Lady

:58:30.:58:36.

Smith. Parliament is now in recess. MPs are scheduled to return on

:58:37.:58:40.

Monday, September one. Parliament will be kept busy in the autumn

:58:41.:58:45.

debating the issues resulting from Brexit. Interesting times lie ahead.

:58:46.:58:50.

But from me, Keith McDougall,

:58:51.:58:51.

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