22/07/2016 Westminster in Review


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I will do everything I can as prime minister to steady the ship over the


coming weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to


try to be the captain who steers our country to its next destination.


24th of June 2016, the morning after the night before. A major upset for


the political establishment, the EU friend ended in victory for the


league campaign. It was a humiliation for David Cameron. It


was also not to be like this. 13 months before, David Cameron had


been triumphant, winning the general election outright against the odds.


And one month before, the Queen had come to Parliament in time honoured


fashion to set out the latest plans of the government, a Conservative


government barely into its stride, having completed just the first of


its five years in office. Legislation will be introduced to


prevent radicalisation. My government will continue work to


develop -- delivers NHS services to seven days of the week. Proposals


will be brought forward for a British bill of rights. In England,


further powers will be devolved to directly elected mayors. My


government will hold a referendum on the membership of the European


Union. The State Opening of Parliament on maybe 18. -- maybe 18.


Ack then, may the 18th, how do you think David Cameron saw the script


continuing at that point? There was a huge sense of expectation. The


referendum was about to happen, he was in a holding pattern. There


wasn't that much detail in the speech, one or two nods to his


legacy, issues of life chances and reforms at schools and prisons, the


kind of things that he thought in his head he would have a few years


to work on. He was in that sort of mode. People broadly thought the


referendum would be close but most thought that Remain would win at the


end. He had won referendums in the past, he could do it again, he was


famously known as the essay crisis Prime Minister who could always


pluck a victory from defeat at the last minute. That was the general


expectation. The European referendum campaign had been slowly climbing up


the nation's political agenda. The Prime Minister decided February that


the vote would be held in June. The campaign groups have been formed


further Leave Remain sides. Grexit was the new catchword for those who


wanted to leave the EU. The remains side never found anything to match


it. -- Brexit. Battle buses started to the country to put the arguments


to a sceptical public. One on the Leave campaign bus was certainly to


prove controversial. In Parliament, the former London Mayor Boris


Johnson was highlighting to a committee session his distaste for


what he saw as interfering roles from the European Union. One of the


rules you say is that an EU rule cannot recycle tea bags and children


cannot blow up balloons. An adult is advised to blow up a balloon with


children under eight. In my household, only children under eight


are allowed to blow up households. It is ludicrous to have this kind of


prescription. At a European level? I've got toy safety directive in


front of me. It says warning, children under eight and it is


asking that this warning be placed on the packaging, it is not


requiring or forbidding... It is requiring to it to be placed on the


package. It is requiring a warning to be placed on the packaging. You


are in restricting what I began the session with which is very partial


and busking, really, human risk approach to a very serious questions


of the UK. Chancellor George Osborne and his team made a series of claims


as part of the campaign to keep Britain in the EU, house values


would tumble, holidays would cost more and the average family would be


?4300 worse off. Businesses like this one, there would be hard hit.


Should the claims be taken seriously or are they exaggerated, as the


Treasury committee? Interest rates going up, house prices are going to


slump. I'm wondering whether you are really strengthening or weakening


your argument on its own terms by going in for all of this stuff? I


completely reject what you have said. The claims on the packed in


the economy has been supported by the Bank of England, the OECD, the


director of the IMF, and every major credible institution in the world.


Leave campaign is time the Whitehall machine was being used against them.


This one made it clear. I think you will find you cannot keep up that


website. We will look at our legal advice. It doesn't change, Prime


Minister. If we can raise the funds,... Moving on... Better get


back to the office fast. It seems to me, taking down a website is a bit


like saying, you have to remove publications that people might


already have. That is correct. We'll move on, Prime Minister. The levers


stepped up their campaign. This, the former special adviser. Will the


vote leave campaign been setting out their analysis of the economic


impact of leaving the economic -- European Union? We won't be


publishing the spurious numbers like this... I've heard what you were be


publishing but what will you be publishing? Also is of analysis, on


trade and how we think things will improve. Do you not see that leaving


Europe puts at risk inward investment from companies like


Hitachi. If Remainers were keeping the debate focused on economic


gloom, Leave campaign is work focusing on immigration and... The


arguments were surfacing at PMQs. Over 200,000 migrants came from the


economic union and yet the propaganda sheets claims we maintain


control of our borders. Have we withdrawn from the free movement of


people or is that she'd simply untrue? The truth is this, economic


migrants that come to the European Union do not have the right to come


to the UK. What my right honourable friend has put forward is classic of


the sort of scare story we get. Britain has borders, Britain will


keep its borders, we've got the best of both worlds. If the British


people vote to leave the EU, will the Prime Minister remain in office


to implement their decision? Yes. Not exactly borne out by events.


Eight days before the crucial vote, that comment is held its own final


EU debate. It is very simple, it is about who governs us, and if we get


this wrong, we will not be able to organise and to establish a


democracy in this country, which is what the people fought and died for,


not in just one world war but twice. I tell you what will happen, the


pound will plummet, inflation will go up, we will be caught in a


whirlwind of economic whirlwind which these people irresponsibly


want to inflict on millions of our citizens. It is a scandalous


position to take. There are no economic benefits to the EU


fishermen -- British fishermen. 99% of fishermen are calling for the UK


to leave. I say, let's throw them a lifeline and vote Leave. It is


difficult to see how even the most upbeat Brexiteer couldn't see we


face perhaps a decade of confidence sapping investment in eroding job


destroying uncertainty that will take this country back to the dark


days of 2008 and I for one never want to go there. Less than 24-hour


is after the debate, the whole referendum campaign came to a


shuddering halt. Reports alleged that thing and shipping -- a


stabbing and shooting involving the MP Jo Cox. 41-year-old Jo Cox was


the first member of Parliament to be murdered in the assassination of the


conservative Ian Gow at the hands of the ire of Ray in 1990. The public


were shocked that the brutal killing of an MP could happen in British


politics. A 52-year-old man, Thomas Mayor, was charged with her murder.


Campaigning stopped for three days and then Parliament returned for a


few hours from its referendum break. Some MPs were grief stricken. Jo


Cox's seat was empty, save for two roses, one white, one red. A minute


silence was held. Colleagues, we need today in heartbreaking sadness


but also in heartfelt solidarity. Any death in such awful


circumstances is an outrage and a tragedy. Her community and the whole


country has been united in grief. And united in rejecting the well of


hatred that killed her. We need, Mr Speaker, a kinder and gentler


politics. This is not a factional party. We all have a response will


it in this house and beyond not to whip up hatred or so division. I


first met Jo Cox in 2006. She was doing what she was so brilliant at,


bravely working in one of the most dangerous parts of the world,


fighting for the lives of refugees in Darfur. Not long after her son --


she had her son, she came to a briefing and I remember it because


she literally didn't stop kissing him all the way through the meeting.


We will elect a new MP but no one will replace her. I like to think it


was the deep strong roots in her community that allowed her to put


her arms around the world. I was in awe of her, a bit envious. She was


energetic, brave, dynamic, fit, beautiful, I can't ever remember


recall seeing her sad negative or without hope. She was told me as my


manager at Oxfam that she didn't do touchy-feely and I was being too


emotional and we need to get on with it and we needed to sort out the


campaign we were working on. The public wondered at the shock of her


murder might produce a quieter more considerate view of politics. There


was one big TV event to come. The public flocked to London's Wembley


Arena for a two-hour debate. Leading figures slugged it out in front of


jubilant supporters. In Britain that works with its


friends and neighbours, it doesn't walk away from them. If we vote will


even take back control, I believe that this first step can be our


country's Independence Day. Referendum day, the 23rd of June was


followed by flash flooding and torrential rain, a portent of the


drama to come. Polls closed at 10pm and accounting started. The BBC's


results programme got under way. Political editor Laura Kuenssberg


noted something about the voting trends after 90 minutes in


Sunderland. Two different sources suggest to me that Sunderland, but


we expect for a leaf, might be very pro-leave. The first indications


were confirmed, the story was going one way only. The total number of


votes cast in favour of leave was 80 2000. Newcastle and Sunderland,


David, don't anyone go to bed yet. They remaining counts are now


selling out of sterling as quickly as they can. So far at least we have


many more places where it leaves is doing better than expected and


remain is doing better than expected. Leave our winning in


places remained was expected to win. We have to face the possibility that


leave will win the referendum and Britain believes the European Union.


We have to face that large parts of the country are turning away from


both major parties. You can see South East, Northwest, West


Midlands, East Midlands and whales are all going Forli. In the small


hours, Nigel Farage, who has spent his life fighting the EU was


triumphant. This was the victory for real people. A victory for ordinary


people. As dawn broke the game is up for the Remain camp, victory for


leave. The British people have spoken and the answer is we are out.


It was a bit amusing moment for many. But the sense of the world and


was added to shortly after eight outside Downing Street. I was


cleared about my belief that Britain is stronger, safer and better off


inside the European Union but the British people have made a very


clear decision to take a different path. As such, I think the country


requires fresh leadership to take it in this direction. I will do


everything I can as prime minister to steady the ship over the coming


weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to try to


be the captain that steers our country to its next destination. So


David Cameron there without dramatic resignation announcement. James


Landale is with me again. How much of a thunderbolt was it, the EU


referendum result? It was a huge shock. There had always been doubts


and I spoke to someone who had walked with David Cameron before the


referendum and David Cameron said he did not know which way it was going


to go. There was a realisation it would be tight but they thought they


would always when so to lose and lose convincingly as the dead was a


huge shock to the government. It was not how the script was supposed to


call. The conventional wisdom of referendums is that governments only


call them when they will win them. The floating vote always swings in


behind the status quo in the end, and therefore vote remain. David


Cameron was forced to call this referendum sometime ago, well before


the last general election. He was forced to do so to say off set from


Ukip and maintain Conservative Party unity. If you had not promised the


referendum there was a strong chance that conservatives would have


divided and been less likely to the election. In terms of floating


voters and most people swinging to the status quo in referendums, that


is true of most referendums but not the European Union referendums. If


you look at than in other countries, towards the end there has always


been a swing to the Euro-sceptic callers and that is one of the


things which happened here. Do you think David Cameron had any option


not to go ahead and have the referendum? I think it would've been


very for him. The issue has been dividing British politics and voters


for many years. There was a sense it was coming to a head and at some


point the British people had to be given a chance to express that own


views in a fundamental way. This was just the moment it happened. It


would have been very difficult for David Cameron not to do it. Other


people say, have the referendum but he should have campaigned in a


different way. He looked quite sombre at that point, do you think


he was a sad man on the 24th of June? Regretful, I think. This is


not how he wanted to go and he was being forced out of Downing Street


without the decorum that he would have liked. On the other hand, many


people thought this is how British democracy war -- works. There has


been an extraordinary vote by the people and he took the view that he


did not have the confidence of the people and he had to go quicker than


expected. He told me he wanted to serve a full second term but it was


not to be. Thank you very much. We will talk again in a few moments.


Both sides spend the weekend after the referendum recovering from the


shock of the leaf victory. The Commons then regrouped on Monday


afternoon. The British people have voted to leave the European union.


It was not the result I wanted nor the outcome I think better the I


love. Although leaving the EU is not the path I recommended, I am the


first to praise the strengths of our incredible country. As we proceed


with carrying out the challenges this will result in, I want to hold


on to Britain which is respected abroad, engaged in the world and


engaged with our partners for generations to come. Jeremy Corbyn


criticise the way the referendum was fought. Half-truths were told. Many


key figures spent themselves distancing themselves from the


half-truths, not lose -- not least that the NHS would be handed ?350


million a week if we left. We voted to remain in Scotland because we are


European nation, it really matters to us that we live in an outward


looking country, not diminished little bit. In Scotland we are now


being told from Westminster that despite the majority against leave,


we are going to have to do as we are told, we are going to be taken out


of Europe against our wealth. The voters of the united kingdom have


demonstrated the value of that great principle, the principle of


democracy for which people fought and died. I can accept defeat but I


will not give up. I have not changed my beliefs. Leaving aside the


constitutional term I'll, the damage to the economy and the uncertainty


which hangs over Britain was my place in the world, the leaders of


the Brexit campaign had engendered an atmosphere were some people


believe it is open season for racism. Could I ask him also to say


today and condemn clearly those people who are almost implying that


decent people all over this country who voted to leave the European


Union are somehow closet racist. Well the premise in the with me that


when he says the country needs to come together, does he accept that


the first part of that is that everybody has to accept the result


of the referendum whether they like it or not? The mood in the halls was


far from celebratory. The campaign is over with now. It will be no bad


thing if the campaigning organisations on both sides and I


spoke as someone... Should shut up shop. As a Democrat, I respect the


outcome of the referendum but I also suspect as many members across the


House I am very saddened by the result and I have a deep anxiety


about what the future holds for our country. Whatever the result of this


referendum and the decision to leave the European Union, this country has


not given up on its values. We are still the United Kingdom and our


values remain exactly as they were. On Friday morning I woke not only


with the song in my heart but also with the words of the Magnificat in


my heart, that is he has put down the mighty from their seat and he


has exalted the humble and the week. A few days later came the verdict of


the Archbishop of Canterbury. The course of the campaign was both risk


-- robust as it should be but at times it appeared over the line on


both sides. It is not merely been robust but being unacceptable.


Through those comments were created cracks in the thin crust of the


politeness and tolerance of our society to which since the


referendum we have seen an out willing of poison and heated that I


cannot remember in this country for very many years. -- hatred. What


about this verdict from a former cabinet secretary? After 65 years of


service I do not remember such an unholy mess as we are now except


perhaps after Suez affair which is as existential as our political


crisis. David Cameron argued that badgers were known out of his hands


but remain campaigners in labour were getting agitated. We know that


many millions of people in this country felt they were deceived by


the exaggerations and lies in the campaigns of both parties and they


now feel themselves cheated by that result and millions of people are


protesting. Is it not right that we look again at the possibility of a


second referendum in this certainty that all second thoughts are


superior to first thoughts? It was not just the Commons which called


the second referendum, the Lords joined in as well. The British


people must begin in the chance to vote on the deal to leave the EU


once we finally know what that deal is and what it will cost. Do we


really want another one? I cannot believe people want another one.


After that it was confirmed a Parliamentary debate with be held on


a second EU Referendum in early is September. There was a curious


political symmetry in the weeks after the referendum, there was


serious leadership turmoil in both the Conservatives and the Labour


party. The apparent half-hearted support for the remain campaign by


the Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn led to the extraordinary spectacle of a


motion of no-confidence in his leadership being passed by his MPs


and then adamant that it series of resignations by the majority of


front bench team. It was all designed to force the Labour leader


out. But battered and embattled, Jeremy Corbyn wages doing resign and


was in defiant mood at Prime Minister Westerns. -- refused to


resign. Will the Prime Minister leave a one nation legacy and well


that one nation legacy be the scrapping of the veterans tax, the


banning of zero hours contracts and cancelling of the cuts to Universal


Credit? I have to say to the honourable gentleman, he talks about


job security and my two months to go, it might be in my party's


interest for him to sit there but it is not in the national interest and


I would say to him, but heavens sake, go. With Shadow Cabinet


members resigning, David Cameron stepped up the mockery. We welcome


the member -- new member for tooting to her place. I would advise to keep


her mobile phone on, she met be in the shadow cabinet by the end of the


day. The Conservatives could not afford to gloat too much, they had


their own leadership difficulties. Candidates came forward as potential


prime ministers. One declared herself like this... My future is


very simple, my name is to these me and I am the best person to be Prime


Minister. -- Teresa May. There were thoughts that Boris Johnson would


win the top job but in a political manoeuvre, he was knifed by this


man, Michael Gove. He did not have the capacity to build our team and


laid-back team that the country needs at this moment. This led to


the shock withdrawal of the contest to be wider of the party. I have


concluded that that person cannot be me. Boris supporters were despondent


when the majority of Conservative MPs turned against Michael Gove that


left just one campaigner in the leadership contest, Andrea Leadsom


and everyone expected and nine week battle between her and Teresa May.


Then came her interview in the Times newspaper and one more twist in the


tale. I am therefore withdrawing from the leadership election. Which


left Teresa May to have what's known in Westminster language as a


coronation. She became Britain's's 54th prime minister a contest.


A huge amount of fallout from the EU referendum result. James Landau is


with me. It is furious that wasn't any celebration for Leave. In fact,


some of the key figures, Michael Gove, Nigel Farage, they left, they


didn't see the initiative. There is an old saying that revolutions tend


to eat their own children. That is what happened to the Leave campaign.


Some members of that campaign did not think they would win. Some


thought they might be establishing positions for themselves, showing


they had a good fight, a good campaign, so they could present


themselves another leadership ways. And why it happened, it was, we have


to deal with this now. One of the great criticisms of the Leave


campaign was that they have never been clear about what actually


happens next, what is the elation ship that the British Godman should


forge with the European Union and countries outside the European


Union. There was a sense of hiatus, rather than celebration and victory.


There was a celebration that they had won the campaign but instantly,


it turned into, certainly with the Conservative Party, a battle about


who is now going to lead this party. Everyone knew David Cameron was


going so the leadership campaign got under way and that took any


president over what does this mean for Britain. Extraordinary that


there should be two parallel outbursts of leadership turmoil. Has


that ever happened before? It is pretty rare but both were forced by


the result. David Cameron announced his resignation because of his


defeat and also Jeremy Corbyn 's perceived lack of enthusiasm for the


Remain campaign was one of the triggers that convinced his


opponents in the Labour Party that they had to get rid of him. Here was


a moment where they had pretext, a reason to say, look, to the Labour


Party, we were all in favour of remaining in the EU, Jeremy Corbyn


was lacklustre, in their view, in the way he campaigned, this is why


we cannot carry on with him as a leader because he is one of the


factors that many Labour voters didn't come out to support the


Remain campaign, they were attracted to a more Ukip style message so that


triggered the Labour leadership contest as much as it did on the


conservative side. Nine years ago, Tony Blair left the job of Prime


Minister in a grand style with applause ringing out at the end of


the PMQs that was more relaxed than normal. The idea appealed to David


Cameron as he worked out how to bring to a close his tenure as the


top job. The 13th of July saw his 182nd and final PMQs. This morning,


I had meetings with ministerial colleagues and others. Other than


one meeting with the Queen, the director of the rest of the day is


remarkably light. Within 30 years of this house, watching five Prime


ministers and several extra ministers, I have seen him achieve


mastery of that dispatch box and paralleled in my time. This session


does have admirers around the world. When I met me Bloomberg in New York,


everyone knew him and came up to him and said, you are doing a great job,


no one knew who I was until someone said, hey, Cameron, Prime Minister's


Questions, we love your show! It is only right that after six years of


Prime Minister, we thank you for your service. I have often disagreed


with him. Isn't she writes that too many people into many places in


Britain feel their economy has been destroyed in towns they are in


because the industries have gone? There are levels of higher


deployment or under employment and a deep sense of malaise. To be accused


of sloth in delivery, let's take the last week we have both been having


these leadership elections, we got on with it, we have had resignation,


Coronation, and a new start. They have even decided but the rules are


yet. If they ever got into power, it would take about a year to work out


who would sit where. Democracy is an exciting and splendid thing and I am


enjoying every moment of it. The Home Secretary, Mr Speaker, was


talking of the economy, again, she said many people find themselves


exploited by unscrupulous bosses, I can't imagine who she is referring


to. But let me say something to him about the democratic process of


leadership elections because I did say to him a couple of weeks ago,


I'm beginning to admire his tenacity. He is reminding me of the


Black night in Monty Python's holy Grail. He has been kicked so many


times but he says keep going, it's only a flesh wound. I admire that.


Mr Kenneth Clarke. He will have some plans for a slightly more enjoyable


and relaxed Wednesday morning at lunchtime and nevertheless, he will


still be an active participant in this house. As he faces a large


number of problems over the next few years. Note to people know what


Brexit means at the moment and we need his advice and statesmanship as


much as we have had. I will watch these exchanges from the


backbenches, I will miss the roar of the crowd, I will miss the barbs


from the opposition, but I will be willing you on, and when I say


winning yuan, and I'd don't just mean the new Prime Minister or


willing on the front bench, defending the manifesto that I


helped put together but I mean willing all of you on because people


come here with huge passion for the issues they care about, they come


here with great love for the constituents they represent, and


also willing on this place because we can be pretty tough and challenge


our leaders are perhaps more than other countries, but that is


something we should be proud of and keep at it and I hope you will all


keep at it and I will will you on as you do. The last thing I will say is


that you can achieve a lot of things in politics, you can get a lot of


things done. And that in the end, the national interest, that is what


it is all about. Nothing is really impossible if you put your mind to


it. After all, as I once said, I was the future once.


And with that ovation ringing in his ears, David Cameron returned for the


final time to Downing Street, re-emerging a few hours later with


family to say a few words to the waiting media, posing with wife


Samantha and children on the Downing Street steps for those final, final


photographs, before making a car journey to Buckingham Palace to


tender his formal resignation to Her Majesty The Queen. He had been Prime


Minister the six years and two months, moments later, his successor


to reason me made her way to Buckingham Palace where she was


invited to formalin in a stretch in. The Queen appointed her Prime


Minister and first Lord of the Treasury. Returning from the palace,


she spoke the first time as PM. Her Majesty The Queen has asked me to


form a new government and I accepted. We are living through an


important moment in our country's history. Following the referendum,


we face a time of great national change. So, to reason me replacing


David Cameron as Britain's Prime Minister. James Lando Hill again.


How will history record the record of four Minister David Cameron? One


word. Brexit. However much you would like it to be something else, that


will be the word that hangs around him for ever. He will be the Prime


Minister who called the referendum and lost it and as a result, the


United Kingdom left the European Union. However it pans out in the


future and whatever may happen, we don't know. That is something that


happened on his watch. Yes, the second paragraph will say he was a


man that made the conservator party electable again, who brought the


Conservative Party together, he partially won one election and


against all the odds, won outright second general election and won it


clear mandate from the British people, who was there be good at


being Prime Minister. Even his opponents would that, that he was


good at doing the Prime Minister real thing, whether it was giving


statements on grave matters such as the seven enquiry and bloody Sunday


in Northern Ireland but also negotiating... He looked the part of


the world stage. And she did introduce some reforms. People will


look at some of the education reforms that he has brought in, the


academies, the development of the whole agenda. There will be those


bits of camera and things that will linger within the body politic but


once they have said he won a referendum to keep the United


Kingdom together, they will come back to this is a man who on his


watch saw the United Kingdom believe the European Union. 13 years have


passed since this happened. The invasion of Iraq by US and UK forces


to destroy the regime of Saddam Hussein. The arguments have raged


ever since, the rights and wrongs of the war in Iraq and the subsequent


events. The report into the enquiry by Sir John Chilcot had been


anticipated. It was 12 volumes and some 12 and a half million words.


Although its findings were strong, it didn't have a huge impact


originally envisaged. Chilcot concluded there had been a rush to


war without a peaceful options look at and there had been too little


planning for the postinvasion period. MPs responded to the


enquiries report. The decision to invade Iraq in 2003 on the bases for


the Chilcot enquiry calls flawed intelligence about the weapons of


mass instruction stroke mass destruction has had a far reaching


impact. It has led to a breakdown in trust in politics and a now wasted


douches of government. The tragedy is that while the governing class


got it so horrifically wrong, many of our people got it white. The lack


of planning has also been evident since in oration to Afghanistan, to


Libya, to Syria, and most recently with absolutely no plan whatsoever


in regard to Brexit. The then Prime Minister must take full


responsibility for encouraging this house to take the decision that it


did with disastrous consequences into stabilising the world. The


horrors of Saddam Hussein, what he did to his own people, they were


fully documented, and I think we were right to take that into


account. Parts of the Ministry of Defence were not delivering the


advice the government needed an element of the Foreign Office had


succumbed to a form of groupthink that leaves me deep to concerned as


to the structure and advice Gomez can get. Whatever we think about the


judgment that was made, we should acknowledge that the bond of trust


between the government, this house on the public has been damaged by


the decision that was taken in 2003. And we here in this place today now


have an absolute need to put that right for the future. And in the


Lords, opinions differed about Tony Blair. I have never believed that he


lied to the British people. And I accept that he was sincere in


believing that military action to remove Saddam Hussein was necessary


as a last resort. To coin his own phrase, it is right that Tony Blair


should feel the hand of history on his soldier -- shoulder. If I was


back in the same place, he said, with the same information, I would


take the same decision. If that is left to stand unchallenged, Chilcot


will have failed. Let's be quite clear about that. That statement is


accessed double. Those of us who had top-secret intelligence files put in


front of us, it is the menaces adaptive, you want to believe it,


you think you are extremely privileged to have access to this


information, and you need some wise old heads around who can say, there


may be a few other considerations that one needs to take into account.


When Theresa May selected her line-up of ministers, the changes


were expensive and bold and brutal. With 24-hour was of comings and


goings in Downing Street, virtually every job in the cabin lay in new


hands. The appointment of Boris Johnson as new Foreign Secretary


caused a mild sensation. There was a new Chancellor, new Home Secretary,


Nu Justice Secretary, in fact there was newness everywhere. But some of


the issues in the new Prime minister's in tray were


long-standing one. Like the big decision on whether to go ahead with


a ?31 billion programme to replace the fleet of Trident nuclear


submarines. Theresa May came to the Commons.


I call the Prime Minister. There is no greater responsibility as prime


minister than ensuring the safety and security of our people which is


why I have made it my first duty to move the motion so weak and get on


with the job of renewing an essential part of our national


security for generations to come. Keeping and renewing our nuclear


weapons is so vital to our security so therefore every other country


should seek to require nuclear weapons and does she really think


the world would be a safer place if the dead? We are driving nuclear


weapons not the opposite? I do not accept that at all. I have to say to


the honourable lady that she and some members of the Labour party


seem to be the first to defend our country's enemies... Is she


personally prepared to authorise a nuclear strike that could kill


100,000 innocent women and children? Yes. And I have to say, the whole


point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would


be prepared to use it. Unlike some suggestions that we did have a


nuclear deterrent but not actually willing to use it which came from


the Labour party front bench. Jeremy Corbyn welcomed the new prime


minister. I wish her well and I am glad her election was quick and


short. On these benches, despite our differences, we have always argued


for the aim of a nuclear free world. We met different about how it will


be achieved but we are united in our commitment to that end. Last year


the party conference voted in favour of a nuclear deterrent so why are we


hearing a defence of the government measure from the detached or --


dispatch box now? Party policy is also to review our policies which is


why we have reviews. The priority of this government and sadly too many


people on the Labour benches at a time of Tory uncertainty and


economic uncertainty is to spend billions of pounds on outdated


nuclear weapons which we do not want, do not need and could never


use. In the end the Commons back the renewal of the Trident nuclear


weapons system by a massive majority of 355 votes. 60% of Labour MPs


supported renewal, therefore going against the views of their leader --


their leader and underlying the split in the Labour ranks. A strong


start for Teresa May and she was in place for her first PMQs a couple of


days later. Order, questions to the Prime Minister. Mr Speaker, I am


sure that the whole House will wish to join me in welcoming today's


employment figures which show employment at another record high.


Howard government is already missing its targets on debt, deficit and


productivity. Six years of government austerity has failed. The


long-term economic plan is clearly dead, is there a new one? It is the


long-term economic plan which has delivered the record level of


employment. He talks about austerity, I call it living within


our means. He talks about austerity but actually it is about not


saddling our children and grandchildren with significant


debts. In her speech on the steps of Downing Street, she also addressed


insecure workers saying you have a job but you don't always have job


security. Does that mean she is proposing to scrap the employment


tribunal fees, ban zero hours contracts as more than one dozen


European nations have already done? That would help to give greater job


security to many very worried people in this country. I have insisted he


refers to the situation of some workers who might have job


insecurity and potentially unscrupulous bosses. I suspect that


our many members on the opposition benches who might be familiar with


an unscrupulous boss. Our boys who does not listen to his workers. --


our boss. Our boss who require some of his workers to double their


workloads? And maybe even a boss who exploits the rules to further his


own career? Reminds him of anybody? Teresa May doing her first Prime


Minister's Questions. James Landale is with me again. A remarkable


cleared out of ministers and officials by Teresa May, stamping


her own authority and making it clear she is not going to be just


Cameron 2.0. Definitely. She has made a clear statement that the


Cameron reign is over. Most people think that was a sensible decision.


Yes, it is difficult because you store up a lot of unhappiness on the


backbenches. All the backbenchers will be watching everything she does


and they will hold her to her words which she uttered in Downing Street,


one nation of conservatism, helping the poor, Oliver is moderate,


centrist, some might say positioning herself to take things of the Labour


party. The Cameron team will hold her to that. If she does not


deliver, they will pick her up on it. That is the risk she was always


going to take but she made it a clear strategic decision, you cannot


just lose the Cameron and keep George Osborne. Keep them perhaps as


Foreign Secretary, a bit of continuity, that was the argument


but she took the view that the team Cameron had to call and she was


quite ruthless at the top and the bottom taking out the Cameron


supporters and saying this is my team now. What will it be like for


British ministers when they negotiate their British withdrawal


from European union? It will be very hard indeed. We are not used to this


whole process. Nobody knows how this will operate. It is down to


nitty-gritty like if we for example leave a European union, what are the


regulations which will have to apply to our farmers over the way they


milk cows? Over the way they spray their crops with various chemicals?


What protections that are currently European to rebid UK Government


reinstates? What about subsidies to farmers? Do we repeat the same


amount? That is just one small thing. Think about all the


regulations for businesses. These are hugely technical. Thousands and


thousands of EU regulations will have to be looked at and thought


about. The British Government and Civil Service will have to decide if


we keep this, and end it or ditch it. It is a process which will take


years. Thank you very much for joining us. Once again Parliament's


committees have had a lively term, probing issues and shining lights in


dark places but the witnesses have not always been rushing to face the


MPs. Mike Ashley is the man at the top of sports direct, a firm which


forced many of its place to except low rates of pay and work in a harsh


regime. Mr Ashworth initially refused to come to Westminster to


answer MP questions but when he finally came, he argued that sports


direct had become too big to manage. I did not build sports direct, it


built me. It is like going out one day and you have a tiny inflatable


and you are in control and the next, you wake up and you are an oil


tanker. You cannot be all over that oil tanker. If there is a problem on


that oil tanker, you are still responsible as I am ultimately


responsible for sports direct. Lots of organisations have grown and


given employees permanent contracts, why is it so difficult for you? I


have given a lot of people permanent contracts. You're not being fair,


you're trying to twist what I say. That is why I fear coming to things


like this because you try to put words in my mouth and twist what I


am saying. I'm telling you it was physically impossible over the last


ten years as to do what we had to do with that amount of people unless we


went to external agencies who are professionals. You have to accept


the internet growth was a phenomenon that none of us could have allowed


for. You have to accept, I have to accept that sports direct made some


mistakes. We have to look to the future. I have offered you guys to


come any time you want to know. I have even offered to come back in a


year if you want me to. I will not have everything right, it will be


impossible that I could get everything right, I am one human


being. He was then asked about British home stores, the store


collapsed in April with debts in excess of one and a quarter billion


pounds. Did you want to buy VHS? -- British home stores? I think it is


unfair and it is a no comment. Mr Ashley, thank you for your time. I


cannot resist, I wanted to buy British home stores. Oh my God. Why


was that stopped? Please, that is why I am not city trained, that is


why they say they cannot House trained me. You ask me something, I


blurt out the answers. Eight days after that performance by Mike


Ashley, a retailer with an even bigger reputation is in the hot


seat. Like Mr Ashley, Sir Philip Green, the former owner of British


home stores also reluctant to go through a Westminster interrogation.


Why had he sold the company to the racing driver Dominic Chappell, and


I'm in recent years declared bankrupt at least twice. Whether we


got misled or jute, unfortunately there seems to be a lot of people


who accepted the sky at face value. Lawyers, accountants, all sorts of


other people. -- accepted this guy. Banks who were prepared to write


letters comedies where the facts. Unfortunately, it was the wrong


person. -- these are the facts. Would I do that deal again? I would


not. And on to the idea of selling BHS to sports direct. You did


nothing to ensure that sports direct could begin in wartime to consider


this? Which deal? The deal to buy BHS. We have spent five hours, on


what possible bases would I want to stop somebody buying it if they


would rescue it? Come on, that is an insult. That is really rude. I find


that really rude. I do apologise because I do not mean to be rude.


You couldn't make in excess of that and you did not want another retail


billionaire to do it. I think that is disgusting and it is a sad way to


end it. We have not finished yet. I think that is out of order and I


think you should apologise. Here's a business where if there is are


reliable buyer, I have offered to add to his purchase price for free.


To put X million pounds and in top of what he wanted to pay and I have


tried to block it, it is laughable. You should all me an apology for


that. I have sat you for six hours and I have not been rude to. You It


is nothing to do with any eagle. Sir Philip Green. Politics is not what


it used to be, the country has a women prime minister for the second


time. Women are in key positions in the legislature. Three of the


political parties in Scotland are led by women. The DUP in Northern


Ireland is led by women. Plaid Cymru is led by a woman. Neil election


victories are not newsworthy events. The winner of the Speaker election


was a man. Norman Fowler. I would like to have -- thank the House


sincerely for the exceptional support they have given me and say


that I will do the art was to live up to this trust. This is the first


time a man has been elected to the role of Lord Speaker. Ladysmith


reflecting on an unlikely glass ceiling being smashed. -- Lady


Smith. Parliament is now in recess. MPs are scheduled to return on


Monday, September one. Parliament will be kept busy in the autumn


debating the issues resulting from Brexit. Interesting times lie ahead.


But from me, Keith McDougall,


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