06/08/2016 Witness


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Hello, and welcome to a special edition of Witness. I'm here at


Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, the venue of the 2012 Olympics, to bring


you five inspiring stories from the history of the Olympic and


Paralympic games. We will have moments of triumph and defeat, pride


and agony. All told by the athletes themselves. Witness will travel to


Kenya to meet a multiple world-record holder. We are in East


Timor to meet the refugee who became an Olympian. And we will hear from


the archer who want Britain's first-ever Paralympic medal. But we


start with one of the most famous performances in Olympic history. 40


years ago, Nadia Comaneci from Romania became the first units to


score a perfect ten. She told Witness how she did it. -- first


Olympian. I was 14 when I went to the Olympics


in 1976 in Montreal. I was asked by a journalist Hadaway think I will


do, and I answered, I hope I will get a medal and if possible, bold --


how do I think. The routine I did on the first date was compulsory, and


that is a routine everybody does. But I think the way I did it was a


little bit of me then in the book. I wanted to do something people did


not do before. I could hear just like, oh, well. -- wow. Faultless!


Absolutely faultless! I thought I did pretty good. What do the judges


say about that? There is the smile. I was hoping to get a 9.9 or


something around that score. I got to see the scoreboard turning


around, which showed my competition number, 07 very, and the score was


1.0 zero. I thought maybe it would go up to nine. And one of my


teammates made a sign to me and said I think it is something wrong with


the scoreboard, but this is a ten. That is perfection! I had no idea


that this is the first time in the history of the Olympics, I just knew


it was the highest score you can get. I was really happy. Being in


school and getting a tan and mouth! -- ten in maths! The reason I


started to Gnostics is because I used to flip and do things in the


house on the furniture that I was not allowed to, and a brick a couple


of pieces of furniture -- gymnastics. My mum found out from


friends there is a gymnastics place where kids can go. We used to do two


training sessions a day, probably five or six others. I liked the


challenge myself. If my coach came to me and said, I bet you can't to


five of those, I would do eight. I felt free. I felt being in the air


and able to turn flips, it was really cool. Now a real hush comes


over the audience. One of anticipation. After my first perfect


ten, I went to compete on the balance beam. Absolutely superb. I


was thinking the competition is not over, think about being, think about


before, think about what you have to do next. -- think about beam, think


about floor. Have you seen anyone more confident on a four inch beam?


Winning the Olympic Games in 1976, I managed to score seven perfect tens.


When I stood on the podium and received all of the medals, I was


thinking about home. I was hoping my mother and my family were able to


watch me. My mum told me that she always was watching the replay. She


was too scared to watch the live competition. When I see myself at


14, now I get more emotional. As the years go by, I think my historic


performance is getting to me much more valuable. And I understand what


a big deal that was. Nadia Comaneci, who now lives in America and runs a


gymnastics school. Some athletes train from an early age for a Libbi


Gorr medals, and for others it is an achievement just to get to the


games. Take a Agueda Amaral from East Timor, she became a refugee


during unrest in her country. But a year later, she got an invitation to


take part in the 2000 Sydney Olympics.


The individual Olympic flags, now coming from East Timor, a country


with no government, and the United Nations control.


A little celebration. Goes down onto her knees. She has a lot to go. She


thinks she is finished, and the judges as saying, sorry about that,


you have to go again. What a response. Absolutely


wonderful. This is what the Olympic Games are all about.


Agueda Amaral, taking Witness for a run in East Timor. This year, there


will be a whole team of refugees following in her footsteps and


running and to the Olympic flag. Nowadays, the Paralympics is a huge


part of the sporting calendar, that things were very different first


time the event was held in Rome in 1960. We have been finding out more


from one of Britain's first Paralympic -- Paralympic ins.


In 1959, I was working in Malawi, involved in a car accident, when I


became paralysed and was brought to Stoke Mandeville Hospital in


England, and from then, my life changed dramatically. The director


of the union was Ludwig Goodman, and his idea was movement. People just


not allowed to live there, becoming ill and miserable -- lie there.


Paralysis keeps the 200 contestants in wheelchairs, but it can't prevent


them from being sportsmen. They just wait down I happen to be quite good


at archery, and I used to wind the monthly competition quite often. In


1960, I was lucky and surprised to be invited to be in the team to go


to the very first international sports event for wheelchair people


in Rome. To the Vatican where 350 paralysed


people completed in what they have called the Paralympic Games.


The Olympics had just taken place and we were going to stay in the


early big village in the same accommodation. To our horror, when


we arrived on the ground, all the buildings were up on stilts.


Whenever we went in or out of a building these two soldiers would


carry us up two flights of stairs and down two flights of stairs. It


was a very tedious business. During the whole of the Games there was


such a togetherness. Everybody making new friends, it was great,


and we just supported each other. Artery was one of the first to


begin. We would shoot six arrows each. -- archery. And then a little


army of people, one for each target, would rush up to the target and


collect the arrows and the same thing happened again. I have no idea


what my score was. And then I was allowed to go off and watch other


people doing different events. Then we were ready to go back to the


village. Some people said, where is Margaret? She is needed for a medal


ceremony! So they then had to lift me out of the coach, put me back


into a wheelchair and I was wheeled up a little brown onto the leading


position and presented with a gold medal. I wasn't really very excited


about it. It had just happened everything was so who will bring. --


bewildering. It was the first medal won by a British person at the first


Paralympic Games. I myself managed to take part in five Paralympics


over the years. It was just a marvellous experience, the whole


thing. Pioneering Paralympians Margaret Maughan, with a very


special memory of the London Games. Remember, you can watch Witness


every month on the BBC News Channel, or you can catch up on over 1000


radio programmes now -- in our online archive. Just go to the BBC


website. Now to Kenya and the remarkable story of a blind


Paralympians who fought back from depression to set records in every


event in distance running. We went to Kenya to meet him.


Henry Wanyoike there. Look out for him in this year's Paralympics,


where he will be competing in a marathon. Now for the final film. We


go back to the Barcelona Olympics and a story that has inspired many


around the world. Derek Redmond was made famous for reasons he would


rather forget. I am remembered for two things. One, for being a part of


the winning relay team that defeated the Americans in the 1991 World


Championships. But the most famous thing that I am known for is


actually not finishing the race, and it is for the race in Barcelona.


Unfortunately I had had a few injury problems, mainly with the Achilles


tendon, and that hampered me through my career. But by the time I was in


Barcelona I felt great. There were no issues, no problems. Derek


Redmond, in the best form he has shown since he broke the British


record, way back in 87. I never thinking, I'm going to win this


race. The gun goes... And I had a really good start. Redmond has got


off very fast. I am flowing along, things are great and then I hear a


funny pop and two or three strides later is what I felt it and I felt


the rip of the hamstring. Redmond has broken down! He is on the track,


nearly down and Derek Redmond, the jinx has struck again. I remember


having a hand on the back of the leg and collapsing onto the floor in


pain. Then I remembered where I was and it was just like you're in the


Olympics semi-final and that's pretty much what made me get up and


start to run, or hobble, and I just bought, you know what, I am going to


finish this race. It might be the last three state ever run of us I


will finish it for me. I was just about to get into the home straight


when I could sense this person on my left-hand side and then I heard a


very familiar voice shout out, it's me, and instantly I knew who it was.


It was my dad. Up until then I have managed to keep all of my emotions


in and hold it together relatively well, but as soon as I saw him that


was it, I lost it. I was in tears. I said, I can't believe it. Why is


this happening? With his track record of injuries and maybe his


only Olympic appearance, he just can't hold it. He had always been


there with me and he spent many years standing on the sidelines in


the middle of winter, with a copy in his hands, trying to keep warm. And


all he was saying was, you are champion, you have nothing to prove.


Don't worry. I just said to him, get me back into lane five, I want to


finish! And the joke that I always make about that is it is the first


and only time I have ever been able to shout at my dad and get away with


it. Any other time, I would have got a quick smack around the ear and he


would have said, less of your cheek! We still had officials trying to


stop us. And they were not quite sure what to do. They said, who is


this crazy man who has walked onto the track. What's going on? And


right up until the point where I got over the line and walked through the


line I'd had no idea what reaction it was having on the crowd. I looked


around and people were going mad. People on their feet. Some of the


messages and letters and stuff that I get from people, saying, you have


no idea who I am, I am not in sport, I've been through some hard times, I


just want to thank you for your inspiration. It is quite strange


that people to this day still find it inspiring. It is a nice feeling,


but I've done some into help so many people in their own ways. There was


an outside chance that I would have to battle for gold. Does it make up


for that? I have to be honest and say no. British Olympian Derek


Redmond bringing an end to this special edition of Witness, from


London. Next month we will have another round-up of history, as told


by the people who were there. For now, from me and the rest of the


team, goodbye.


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