22/01/2013 BBC News at One


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More than 5,000 British soldiers are to lose their jobs this summer.


The redundancies are part of the latest round of cuts to the armed


forces and there are more to come. Shock in Indonesia as a judge


sentences a 56-year-old British woman to death for smuggling


cocaine into Bali. Hundreds of schools remain closed as more heavy


snow brings yet more disruption around much of the UK. Israelis go


to the polls with Benjamin Netanyahu favourite to remain as


prime minister. And life on the frontline. A look behind the scenes


with Prince Harry. Everybody has a good old look at me, and that is


one thing I dislike about being here because there are plenty of


guys who have never met me and to look at me as Prince Harry, rather


than captain Wales. And coming up in the sport, defending Champion


Novak Djokovic is through to the semi finals of the Australian Open,


beating Thomas Berdych by two sets Good afternoon and welcome to the


BBC News at One. 5,300 soldiers will lose their jobs this summer in


the latest round of Army redundancies. And the Ministry of


Defence has warned that there are more job losses to come. The cuts


had already been announced but they are higher than expected. Army


numbers are being cut from 102,000 to 82,000 by 2020 in a bid to help


plug a multi-billion pound hole in the defence budget. Here's our


defence correspondent, Jonathan Beale.


This was part of the British Army on exercise on Salisbury Plain a


few years ago. Today, it has fewer tanks and fewer soldiers. Within a


few years' time, it will be even smaller. With confirmation another


5,000 troops are to be made redundant in this shrinking force.


In 1960, as national service came to an end, the army was 315,000


strong. By 1982, the time of the Falklands war, it had 160,000


troops. Last year, it was 102,000 and by 2017, it will those


currently surveying, or about to serve in Afghanistan will be exempt


from this largest round of redundancies. But the security


threat is not just confined to Helmand province, but there are


growing concerns about Islamic radicals in the rest of the world,


most recently in the north of Africa. The restructuring of the


army under the Army proposition, it gives you a force designed to deal


with these threats and this is a case, big is not always better. It


is taking what you have and resource it probably and training


for threats. It is the hostage crisis in Algeria and the West's


intervention in Mali which has prompted Labour to question the


logic behind these latest cuts. For now, the government says it will


limit Britain's military involvement in Mali to logistics


support, intelligence and training but the question, what will happen


if that is not enough? The problem is, once you have deployed those


clever things, and they don't quite work, the temptation then is to


start think again about putting books on the ground and that is


when smaller forces are always at a disadvantage. The ministers say


this has been a painful process for the armed forces and it is not over


yet. With the army set to go through a 4th round of redundancies,


possibly later this year, with another 4,000 soldiers said to lose


their jobs. Our political correspondent Norman


Smith has more from Westminster. Rather awkward timing, this. Only


yesterday the prime minister was warning of the generational


struggle with al-Qaeda linked groups in North Africa. Is the


government under pressure to rethink these cuts? They are, but,


Sophie, cuts to the army or always profoundly politically difficult


because of understandable public sympathy for soldiers and some of


these soldiers are going to be sacked, made compulsory redundant.


As you say, these cuts are particularly difficult because of


the juxtaposition between the Prime Minister yesterday warning over


this generational struggle against terrorists, who apparently regard


mass murder as not only acceptable, but desirable, and the decision


today to press ahead with a large tranche of army cuts we have seen


in recent history, a decision made even harder by questions about the


Government's broader defence strategy and whether they give


enough account of the emerging threat of this new terrorist threat


with Labour saying that the Strategic Defence Review, which


underpins these cuts, makes no mention of Mali or Algeria and a


factor in the threat from terrorists in North Africa. My


senses the government are very unlikely to back off over these


redundancies. Why? Because they say the only support they could provide


in North Africa is a logistical, involving transport, training, but


it will not involve soldiers on the ground, and be affected by reducing


the size of the army. But there is a bigger factor and that is money.


The MoD has a black hole in its budget of around �37 billion, and


given the huge difficulties the Government is having cutting back


the deficit and debt, it is extremely unlikely they will ease


back on the pace of redundancies in the army. The Norman, thank you


very much. A British woman has been sentenced to death for smuggling


drugs into Indonesia. 56-year-old Lindsay Sandiford was arrested last


May for trying to traffic nearly five kilos of cocaine into Bali in


a suitcase. Her lawyers say they are surprised at the sentence, and


will appeal. Karishma Vaswani's report from Bali contains flash


photography. Lindsay Sandiford was expecting a


guilty verdict today but nothing like this. There was an audible


gasp in the room as the judges The judges handed down the death


penalty despite the prosecutor's recommendation that she should get


15 years in prison. They added she had damaged reputation of Bali and


weaken the Government's anti-drug programme. Any comment? Are you


shocked they gave you the death penalty? Visibly shocked and hiding


her face behind a Brown at scarf, she refused to speak to us as she


left the court room. Her lawyer says she will appeal and the


verdict is too harsh. TRANSLATION: I think the judges did


not consider her remorse for her actions. In her previous statement,


she has already said she regretted what she did and has apologised to


the people of Indonesia. Many holidaymakers were surprised by the


news but not all were sympathetic. This verdict has shocked people


fear in Bali and around the world but it appears that the judges were


trying to send out a message. Get caught bringing drugs here and you


will face serious consequences. Officials here don't want anything


to ruin the image of their peaceful holiday island.


There's more travel disruption today across the UK, because of the


snow and icy conditions. And hundreds of schools remain closed.


More than 500 schools are shut in Wales alone. Our correspondent


Hywel Griffith has more from Caerphilly. Sofi, yes, don't be


fooled by the picturesque scenery. This fresh blanket of snow which


fell overnight has caused a fresh round of problems across South


Wales. As you say, hundreds of schools closed, many people still


recovering from last week's battering and now the Met Office at


issued a fresh am a warning which comes into effect this afternoon.


Besieged by snow. This medieval castle has weathered plenty of


storms over the years but today's fresh snowfall has brought another


day of disruption and difficulty to South Wales. Several mountain roads


have been closed, others are gritted and possible but many


businesses are already feeling the chilling effect of these weather


conditions with no customers venturing to their doors. Yes,


let's hope it does not go on for much longer because it's costing


people money, wages, it is costing everybody, really, it's not good


for anyone. Councils are also feeling the strain, rubbish


collections are abandoned so staff could work on clearing the snow.


These conditions can be pretty bewildering for parents. For


example, this school is open today and the children are in their


classrooms but just 200 yards away, on the other side of the playground,


the neighbouring school has closed. Nearly 500 schools across Wales


have been closed. For this teacher, that means a day looking after her


own children. She understands some parents are becoming frustrated.


It's easy to have a go at teachers because we have quite a lot of


holidays and things like that but I know the head teacher would not


close the school and as a was absolutely necessary and would


consider the safety of the children. Another 10 centimetres of snow


could fall on higher ground here this evening and many are already


stocking up, preparing themselves for yet another day in the cold.


Well, that warning, net of this means that people should consult


and check the forecast before they venture out for the rush hour in


South Wales this afternoon will be anything but, with fresh snow


falling and a risk of ice, as well, on the roads. Thank you very much.


Drifting snow has caused problems on roads in Aberdeenshire and Moray.


Grampian Police have advised motorists not to travel unless it's


absolutely necessary. There have been some partial road closures on


minor roads due to large vehicles losing traction. Forecasters say


the east of Scotland is expected to get at least 15 centimetres of snow


before 6.00pm tonight. Four times as many schools are shut in


Scotland, than yesterday. More than 150 are closed today compared with


37 yesterday. In northern Ireland, almost 90 schools have closed. The


bad weather has caused problems in the south west of England where


there have been a number of accidents caused by ice and hail


storms. In Birmingham, icy conditions forced the rush-hour


closure of the Aston Expressway, which links the city centre with


the M6. Heathrow Airport says there will be more delays and


cancellations today. Other airports have warned passengers to check


their flights before leaving home. Our correspondent Sian Lloyd is at


Heathrow. What is the situation today? 48 flights cancelled so far


today. That's compared to hundreds that were cancelled yesterday and


over the weekend. The airport tell us that today the problem is


nothing to do with Heathrow, but the conditions are good,


particularly the visibility, but it is the bad weather in Europe,


Frankfurt, Paris and Brussels at the airports, and they are


experiencing bad weather and they are popular destinations for


flights from Heathrow. However, the weather will change later on in the


day and they will monitor that closely. No one wants to see a


return to those scenes at the weekend when hundreds of people


were sleeping on the floor here at Terminal 5. People on planes not


going anywhere and were later cancelled. Elsewhere, they had been


problems at Gatwick and Birmingham airport, too. And on the railways,


for rail passengers, South Eastern trains have seen some problems, the


Gatwick Express, and also Eurostar. And, of course, the Rose,


disruption for passengers as we have been hearing -- the roads. The


AA say this could be one of the busiest days of beer for them


because they are receiving reports of breakdowns of 2000 per hour.


Let's come back to Heathrow and in case you're wondering about what


happened to one unfortunate passenger who we featured yesterday,


I can bring you right up to date on that. Ian Acheson had been trying


to get to a meeting in Las Vegas since last Friday. During that time


he stayed a night in a hotel, and spent one night at home. Altogether


he spent 13 hours on a plane, without taking off. And he didn't


see his luggage in all that time. Well, we have some good news. Ian's


flight finally left yesterday afternoon. And, as you can see,


he's arrived in Las Vegas with his bags. Thank you very much. Well,


just a reminder that the BBC News Channel will have all the latest


information on the weather and travel throughout the day. There


are also more details on our website. The BBC Weather website


will have comprehensive forecasts for where you live. And don't


forget to tune in to your BBC Local Radio Station for the latest news,


weather and travel in your area. A former police officer and a senior


journalist from the Sun newspaper are facing criminal charges over


alleged corrupt payments for information. Former Metropolitan


Police Constable Paul Flattley and the Sun's defence editor Virginia


Wheeler will be charged with conspiracy to commit misconduct in


public office. The charges are being brought as a result of


Scotland Yard's Operation Elveden. The government borrowed slightly


more than expected last month, fuelling fears that the UK could


lose its coveted triple A credit rating. Figures from the Office for


National Statistics show that UK public sector net borrowing hit


�15.4 billion in December. That's �600 million more than a year ago.


Our business correspondent Adam Parsons is here. What is behind


these latest figures? A lot of technical language goes around but,


basically, every month the government spends a certain amount


and looks at how much has come in and it doesn't have enough, it has


to borrow more and what has happened this past month, it has


spent more than it had, so had to borrow over �15 billion. Quite


simply, the economy is contracting, there's not much money coming in in


terms of income tax, corporation tax, and VAT, so they have to


borrow more and more and of course, you get into this vicious circle.


As the economy contracts, fewer tax receipts coming, so with those same


austerity will have to be even tighter, spending cuts should come


in, the Chancellor has said he wants to balance the books. The


fear now is that if the economy really is beginning to weaken, and


the triple-A rating, the best credit rating you can get, could


slip away, and that is one of the things the Chancellor George


Osborne has always nailed his colours to. He says he wants to


defend that credit rating and at the moment it under more pressure


than it's been for many years. Our top story: more than 5,000


British soldiers are to lose their jobs this summer. The redundancies


are parts of the latest round of cuts to the armed force and there


are more to come. I'm at the Royal Academy in London, taking a look at


the first exhibition in this country for over 50 years of the


pioneering French artist, Edouard Manet.


Later in the hour I'll have all the The people of Israel are voting in


a general election today. The Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's


alliance is expected to win with a reduced majority. The polls


indicate that Israel's coalition has been losing ground a riffal


party further to the right. -- rival. Israel's Prime Minister,


Binyamin Netanyahu was chirpy this morning, as he arrived to vote.


By the end of the day, he'll likely have even more reason to be


cheerful. The leader of the right-wing Likud


Party is expected to come out on top and keep his job.


But at Jerusalem's main market, the lack of suspense means there's


little election fever. Most take it as a given that


Binyamin Netanyahu will get four more years in office. Bibi, if you


ask me, no Bibi, no nothing. Security, never far from the minds


of Israelis, is what many here see as Netanyahu's strength. But if he


is to win, he won't win alone. At the polling stations today,


voters have a choice of more than 30 different parties. They're


competing for just 120 parliamentary seats. Now Israel has


proportional representation. And you don't have to be a mathematical


genius to work out that, as usual, we are going to end with up a


coalition government. One of those likely to join a


coalition is the only real surprise of these elections,-and-a-half


tally Bennett and his new Jewish Home Party, -- Naftali Bennett.


They are to the right of Netanyahu. His success, some say, shows the


country is opposing that way. He doesn't want to give up any land to


create a Palestinian state, side- by-side with Israel. This year,


Middle East peace has not been a vote winner. Palestinians,


settlements, peace, people aren't talking about that.


And as Israel goes to the polls, that does not bode well for those


hoping for peace in the Middle East. Let's talk to our correspondent


Katya Adler who is at a polling station in Jerusalem. There are


fears about the impact that this election could have on the peace


process. Well, yes, absolutely. It's not


just the Israelis voting here today who will be watching carefully the


outcome of this election. The international community, including


Britain and the United States, expressed great frustration at the


outgoing government of Binyamin Netanyahu, which kept building and


expanding settlements, illegal under international law, on land


the Palestinians want as part of their future state. But, Sophie, we


have to be careful about predicting the policies of Israel's next


government, even if Binyamin Netanyahu stays the country's prime


minister. He is not a man wedded to ideology, he is a political


pragmatist. So rather than imbed himself in a government of the


right or far right and risk further alienating friends abroad and even


Israelis at home, he may well choose to invite a couple of


parties of the centre into his coalition government, which would


give him more political wiggle room, if you like. His main focus, some


say his absolute obsession is Iran, and stopping that country getting


nuclear weapons it could be point at Israel. If, for example, the


United States, Israel's closest ally would say - we'll take tougher


action on the Iran issue but you in Israel need to take some steps


towards restarting the stalled Palestinian peace process, Binyamin


Netanyahu may well do just that. Now for years it's been hailed as a


popular, sustainable fish, renowned for health benefits. Now we are


being told that mackerel should be eaten onlyly occasionally because


of fear that is too many are being taken from the sea around the


pharoah islands. The Marine Conservation Society says consumers


need to be aware of the dangers now posed to mackerel by overfishing.


We are not suggesting that people stop eating mackerel altogether but


just to think about the situation. We are putting up a sign-post


saying it is an issue that needs to be dealt with soon. If knots, the


stock is in great danger of collapsing altogether. -- if it is


not. Ed Thomas is at the fishing port of


Grimsby. What has been the response to that? A lot of people here are


worried, Sophie. So many rely on the fishing industry in this town.


I have also been told that mackerel has been one of the most popular


buys today at the fish market but concern for the Scottish fishermen


is too many of these fish are being taken out of the sea around the


pharoah islands and Iceland. There is even talk now of factions --


Farr owe islands. It is It is a worrying for people


like Chris sparks. How do we get to this situation? By the fears of the


Scottish fishermen who fear like the Icelandics and those in the


Faroe islands are taking too many fish out of the sea. These talks of


sanctions from the EU placed on Iceland on white fish stock, what


impact would that have on places like Grimsby? It would be


catastrophic to a place like Grimsby that rely mainly on imports


on fresh fish of cod, haddock and plaice. It would be devastating.


How many jobs in this town from the fishing industry? Somewhere in the


region of 4,500 to 5,000 rely on the seafood and processing industry.


What is your message to the EU, Icelandics and sksh fishermen?


my -- Scottish fishermen? From Grimsby's point of view, get around


the table, sort it out and have an end to it, amicably. Thank you. The


Icelandic government says it is willing to talk and negotiate.


Prince Harry is on his way back to Britain after completing a second


tour of duty in Afghanistan. Before leaving Helmand province, the


Prince gave a series of interviews at Camp Bastion, which couldn't be


broadcast until he left the country. Harry talks about what life is like


for a gunner & Co pilot of an Apache helicopter, who also happens


to be nird line to the throne. - third in line. Life is never


quite normal, but perhaps this is as close as he gets. On the


PlayStation in Afghanistan, where Prince Harry says he can be just


"one of the guys." The most amazing thing I suppose is being in a tent


one minuteing, playing PlayStation and thrashing the guys at FIFA and


then jumping in the cab and the only time you know what you are


doing is when the information comes on the radio. Prince Harry's


deployment came with an agreement to do a number of media interviews.


If he was needed, though, the talking stopped.


But even just doing his job in Afghanistan doesn't offer much


privacy. Camp Bastion is huge. Home to around 30,000 military personnel.


And the third in line to the throne never goes unnoticed. It is a weird


reality being stuck in Bastion. For me, I hate it being stuck here. I


go into the cookhouse. Everyone has a good gawp. That's one thing I


dislike about being here. There is plenty of tkpwhies there who have


never met me and therefore look at me and think Prince Harry as


opposed to Captain Wales. Which is frustrating. Christmas comes


towards the end of Prince Harry's tour and he is in festive mood.


have show you the homely bit. -- I will show you. Paradigm phone.


So, this is as much privacy as one would ge. It is fine. There is only


four of us here. If you are sitting in that seat, you are probably


speaking to home, I would have thought.


The storeroom. The usual things. It never changes. KitKats and Mars


bars. Everyone tries not to eat them but they do. This is my bed. I


don't make it when I'm here. Army friend one. His mother needs to


know he has been smoking while he is out here. We will make sure that


is on camera. Now Harry is returning to the UK,


inevitably there are questions about whether he will settle down.


If you find the right person and everything feels right, it'll take


time. Especially for myself and my brofrplt you ain't ever going to


find someone who will jump into the position that it would hold, as


simple as that. -- for myself and my brother.


far as you are concerned, there is no-one waiting for you at home?


100% single? I'm out here doing my job. That's all I can say at the


moment. In Afghanistan, he has had as much of the prief sane life he


craved. Life back home will feel different. You can watch a special


programme showing more of Prince Harry's tour in Afghanistan on the


BBC iPlayer. The French artist Manet has been


described as the founding father of modern art, because of the way he


broke the rules of the art establishment, by painting modern


life in a modern way. This week the Royal Academy in London has opened


up an exhibition of his work in the UK and for the first time the focus


has been on Manet's portraits. I'm in the Royal Academy in London


where the first major Edouard Manet show for over 50 years is about to


open this Saturday. I'm joined by the curator, Marya, in ne, Stevens.


Why has to takeen so long for an Edouard Manet show to be staged in


London There have been exhibitions- his work else where. There was the


sense that why make another retrospective. Let's look at a


particular area of his work that has not been looked at before and


see to what extent that will open up new ways of understanding this


really, extraordinary artist. doubt he is an extraordinary artist.


You call him the founder of modern art. He was an inspiration to the


impressionist and rebelled against the academy. What will we learn


from the show? First that he was a committed portrait painter. Nobody


has bothered to look at tpwfrplt he started at the beginning of his


career and right to the end of his life - when he died early at the


age of 51 - he he was painting portraits. He used the sitters in


his portraits to translate them into actors in his scenes of


contemporary life. He use Madam Manet, he paints her portrait and


then he uses her sitting in an interior in Arachon in 1871. It is


important. It is a part of Manet's way of taking up the challenge of


the dominant aesthetic movement of the day - realism. And saying, if


I'm going to make a really, realistic painting I'm painting


people in my scenes of contemporary life, who I know, who I have


painted and who are there for reality. It kind of awe thenty


kaits that message. Now if you live along the south


coast and have been detecting a funny smell here is why. A leak at


a chemical flapbt Rouen in northern France has sent clouds of foul-


smelling gas across the region, across the channel. Emergency


services in Paris were inundated with calls from worried people but


French police say the gas is a harmless substance which escaped


from the factory yesterday. from the factory yesterday.


Now the latest weather. Something else to worry southern


England now, an amber weather warning issued for the south-west


of England and South Wales which comes into play this afternoon,


last through this evening and into tomorrow. Our amber warning across


Scotland will lapse this afternoon. Conditions improving here. An area


of rain approaching the south-west will turn increasingly to sleet and


snow as it pushes particularly into Devon and across into Dorset this


afternoon and through the evening. This is the rush-hour and notice


how we could see snow perhaps as far north as the M4. We cannot be


precise about the ins tensities but we could be looking at lower levels


to two to five centimetres snow. For higher grounds, perhaps up to


ten sent meerts and with a strong breeze, problems with drifting and


reduced visibility. -- ten centimetres.


The problems in Scotland will tame down. The winds easing and we'll


lose fresh-falling snowfall. For Northern Ireland, showers clearing.


For Wales a largely fine evening to the north but to the south that


question mark about how far north that area of rain, sleet and snow


might spread. I urge you, if you are travelling in south Wales or


the south-west, increasingly through this evening perhaps


further eastwards to keep up-to- date with the forecast. BBC Radio


stations and internet pages excellent places to keep up-to-date.


Through the evening the spell of wintry weather persists moving into


Hampshire and Wiltshire and into the small hours we could see a risk


of fresh snowfall into the West Midlands and eastern Wales. The


issues are likely to continue into Wednesday morning rush-hour. Of


course, it's another bitterly cold night with a widespread frost. So


there will still be a lot of lying snow around elsewhere and ice will


be a big issue first thing on Wednesday. Add to that as well the


potential for patches of freezing fog. Overall, the day as a whole


quieter than we have had of late. In terms of any fresh snow flurries,


perhaps a few light ones out of the thicker cloud. Generally a dry day.


Again, though, it is cold. Ice could be an issue really throughout


the day. Any thaw very gradual as we go into the latter days of this


week. The story is for it to stay cold into Thursday and fri. Once


again ice will be one of the our biggest hazardsment By the weekend,


the potential for some significant change and quickly as well. Milder


air coming in to start weekend. By Sunday the potential for heavy rain


and strong winds. Unfortunately by this time next week, that means we


could be talking about flooding. Thank you very much. The top story:


more than 5,000 British soldiers are to lose their jobs this summer.


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