24/01/2013 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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The Prime Minister tells world leaders why Britain needs a new


deal with the rest of Europe. David Cameron says it's about making a


more competitive, open and flexible EU. This is not about turning our


backs on Europe, quite the opposite. This is about how we make the case


for a more competitive, a more open, a more flexible Europe and how we


secure the UK's place within it. A drop in the crime figures in


England and Wales, but police are accused of exaggerating the fall.


A backlog of 16,000 unprocessed immigration case sz deemed


unacceptable by inspectors. More wintry weather for some parts


of the UK and warnings that things are going to get worse before they


get better. Some remarkable pictures of the


moment an injured dolphin turned to a diver for a helping hand.


Later on BBC London. We reveal how Social Services ignored requests to


visit this woman, days before she was murdered by her partner. The


number of reported assaults in male Good afternoon. Welcome to the BBC


News at 1pm. The Prime Minister has brushed aside criticism about the


impact the prospect of an EU referendum, claiming it would be


more risky to do nothing than tackle the issue head on. Speaking


at the world economic form in switserlapbld, Mr Cameron warned


other European leaders that any attempt to shoe horn countries into


deeper union was a mistake that Britain would not be part of.


Here's our Chief Economic Correspondent, Hugh Pym. It was, in


effect, the start of David Cameron's long campaign to win


support in Europe for a major political rethink in. A speech in


Davos ah, tended by European, political and business leaders, he


argued letting events developed as currently planned was not


acceptable. We should try and shape them in the UK's national interest.


Let us negotiate a new settlement for Europe that works for the


United Kingdom and let's get fresh consent for it. It's not just right


for the United Kingdom, it is necessary for Europe. Outside the


conference rooms the London Mayor was pressing the British Government


case, here with the IMF chief. the right thing for Europe, because


you cannot go on with the Brits endlessly being at the back. Long


live Great Britain and long live Europe, she says. In private, pz on


Mr Cameron's stance may not be quite so good natured. But he did


win support from one former leading German policy maker. I think that's


a sensible proposition. As a European and somebody who's very


pro-European, I hope the British population decides when that vote


and if that vote comes up that they see the benefits. At home more than


50 bills leaders have backed Mr Cameron in a letter to the Times


they say, "We agree with the Prime Minister that brib's best chance of


success is partd of a reformed Europe. We need a new relationship


with the EU, backed by democratic mandate. A third of the signitaries


are Conservative donors or peers. Others in the corporate world are


concerned about the impact on British trade. Just under half of


UK exports of goods and services head to the EU. There's a fear by


raising the possibility of quitting, the Prime Minister will undermine


business. He's in a bit of a political predicament that he has


to deal with. From a bills point of view, economic point of view, it


can't be very good. In the best, it's neutral. At the worst it's


negative, in terms of generating uncertainty. For David Cameron, one


key reaction to his demands for reform is all important, that of


the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, and she's due to speak in


Davos within the next hour. In a moment we'll hear from our


political correspondent Norman Smith. First to our business


correspondent Simon Jack. What sort of reaction did Mr Cameron's speech


get from the other European leaders? When he got up, the


reception was about as cool as the mountain air behind me Mario Monti


said we don't want unwilling Europeans. He had some explaining


to do in front of a tough crowd. He said he does want to be awe


European, but he doesn't want to be a pure even -- European in the road


you're heading towards. The reaction he got then in the Q&A


after was illustrative of how it wents down. He said I've said my


bit, was there any questions, there was an embarrass ly --


embarrassingly long pause before a question came about aid. Also


someone said, look the the European Union has bent over backwards to


keep Greece in the European Union and are they convinced they will


dot same for you? Simon Jack there from Davos. Now to Westminster and


talk to our political correspondent, Norman Smith. It's all about Mr


Cameron selling his message to the other European leaders. Did we get


a sense of how he will do that in the next few months today? I think


we did. We discovered how Mr Cameron wants to pitch his case,


how he wants to present it to the rest of the EU and to the


international business community. That is, he does not want to be


seen as some sort of Mr Angry of little England, straining to hold


back his bulldog at the white cliffs of Dover. He wants to be


seen as Mr Reasonable of Westminster, Mr Euro sensible of


SW1 by saying to the business communities, look, a reformed EU


would be more complexible, better able to compete against India and


China. In other words u, it would make business sense for you. To say


to EU leaders, there's no point pretending this debate isn't


happening, it's under way. This is an opportunity to re-engage with


voters and to underscore support for the EU in. Other words, it's


good politics for you. Now he's not going to convince them overnight.


There are serious doubts in the business community and amongst EU


leaders about the referendum idea. But his hope is to get a hearing,


to get them to at least listen to him and not to dismiss him as Mr


Angry of the lounge bar of warming Immigration inspectors say they've


uncovered a backlog of 16,000 cases which haven't been dealt with by


the UK Border Agency. Most of them were requests to settle through


marriage and include people waiting a decade to hear if their partner


had permission to live in the UK. The Chief Inspector of imgaigs says


the situation is unacceptable. Our home affairs correspondent Matt


Prodger reports. They're no strangers to queues at immigration


processing centre in Croydon, and in the system, as a whole, there


have been no fewer than eight backlogs in the past two years,


ranging from student visas to asylum claims. Now there are two


more adding a total of 16,000 unresolved cases. To wait such a


long time, even if their case was complex is completely outside any


service standards that the agency has. It should be addressed as a


matter of urgency. One backlog is 14,000 applications for people


seeking review of a refusal to let them settle with husbands or wives


in the UK. Inspectors found the case load was rising by 700 a month.


And more than 2,000 others were awaiting any kind of decision at


all. Some go back a decade. Here at the Home Office they say the


smaller backlog has been cleared since the inspection. And the


larger backlog is being eliminated as a result of recent changes in


immigration rules. But there remain more than 300,000 cases across the


system that are still awaiting decisions. We're going through,


working through these issues. I'm confident that by the time we get


through this Parliament, the agency will be in good shape. You know,


it's not an overnight fix. We're going in the right direction. We're


getting a grip of these things and sorting them out. Emily Churchill


and her Palestinian husband had to live apart for more than a year


because she was refuelsed a visa. Now he's in London, but his case


hasn't been resolved. And his temporary visa expired today.


think that the uncertainty that the immigration system puts you under


is very, very difficult to live with. It's difficult to be a couple


and a family and not know when you're going to be together or not


know what the future holds for you. It takes them so long to give you a


decision. The Border Agency was criticised for failing to take into


account the interests of children. But in most cases, inspectors said


its decisions ultimately were reasonable.


A study of crime trends in England and Wales suggests the fall in


offences recorded by police may have been exaggerated. The report


from the Office for National Statistics comes as new figures


showed continued reductions in virtually every category of crime.


Our Home Affairs Correspondent Danny Shaw is in Central London.


What's the ONS saying about police overstating the fall in crime?


it had a look at the way that the police recorded crime figures over


the past five years and compared that to the crime survey of England


and Wales, which are both pet unitable, official sets of data.


They found that the police figures were recording crimes at a rate


which was much less than the crime survey, about half. So the decline


measured by the police was greater than the decline measured by the


official crime survey. Possible reasons for this are one, the


target culture. The police have to try and get crimes down and that


there's great store set by that. Secondly, concerns about cuts, the


possibility that perhaps with fewer officers and staff they're not


involved in measuring crime so effectively and lastly, police


officer on the ground are given more discretion to deal with minor


offences informally rather than logging all the crimes. A dispute


how much crime is going down by, but it's still going down? Yeah,


that's the good enough. Crime is definitely on the decrease. The


police figures show a reduction in the year to the end of September of


7% overall. In terms of the crime survey, it's an 8% reduction. Falls


across all categories of crime, particularly homicides, down to


their lowest level since 1978. The only category bucking the trend is


pick pocketing. A deal between the UK and Ireland to bring wind energy


to British homes is being criticised for potentially damaging


the Irish countryside. The deal, signed today, will mean Britain


gets cheaper green energy and Ireland gets investment and jobs.


There are concerns that it will lead to the construction of some of


the biggest wind turbines in the world. Our correspondent Matt


McGrath reports. EU targets mean that keeping the lights on across


the UK is going to need a lot more renewable energy from 2020. One


possible solution is to buy that from Ireland, a country associated


with all things green. Britain's opportunity is in wind energy. They


believe they can provide 1.5% of UK energy needs from Irish wind by


2017. They are blaning to put turbines all across the boggy Irish


Midlands. But there are worries that the wind in the bogs is often


too slow to generate power,. Some much larger turbines will be needed.


Building windfarms on boglands has been done successfully here in


Ireland in Tipperary. To generate the green electricity needed to


power three million UK homes, it's going to require much bigger


turbines than the ones you see here. In fact, it will need some of the


biggest ever built in the world. The company behind the plan says


that 700 of these giant turbines will be needed. They will stretch


over 600 feet into the Irish sky. We felt it was better to build


slightly large you are turbines but fewer of them. That's the best way


to minimise the impact on the local area. Opponents say they will be a


blot on the landscape of a country that trades on its unspoilt green


image. They say the real reason that Ireland is being saddled with


these turbines is because of the hostility of many Conservative MPs


to wind. It seems to be an Irish solution it a British problem.


Politically, they don't want turbines in the British countryside.


They're under pressure from the public over there. It would seem


they want time pose the windfarms on the Irish instead. Plz say the


agreement is but a first step to a different type of power share ago


agreement between the countries. No difintive decisions have been taken


yet about how the wind energy will be generated.


All Britons have been urged by the Government to leave the Libyan city


of Ben Gaza in response to a specific and imminent threat


against Westerners. The Foreign Office has been advising against


travel since last September, but it's now stepped up that warning.


Let's speak to our world affairs correspondent Caroine Hawley. What


else is the Foreign Office saying about this? The Foreign Office


understand and believes, it's not giving details about the imminent


threat, it says, though, that after the French military intervention in


Mali, which of course, is being backed by Britain, there is the


possibility of retaliation against Western interests. This comes a day


after the US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, testifyed about


the attack on the American mission, that you may remember, September


11th, in which the US ambassador was killed and three others. She


said yesterday that Al-Qaeda was on the rise. It also comes, of course,


a week after that hostage crisis at the gas facility in Algeria. That


has raised serious concerns about a terror threat right across the


north of Africa with links to Libya and a senior Algerian official said


that attack in Algeria at the gas facility had links to the Benghazi


attack as well. Police say the Chelsea midfielder, Eden Hazard


won't face criminal action after he kicked a ball boy who appeared to


be time wasting. The incident happened last night during Swansea


is the Iy's victory stkpwepbs Chelsea in the League Cup. Gordon


Taylor says Hazard shouldn't have taken the law in his own hands. He


said he lost his head and had to receive his punishment. Our Wales


Last night, Charlie Morgan was cast in a leading role. In the final


minutes of the game he stop Swansea's opponents from getting


the ball. Frustrated, Chelsea's Eden Hazard saw red, kicking out


and making contact with the ball, he says, not the boy. Either way,


he soon saw red will gain as the referee sentence to the sidelines.


He is going to send him off. As a slight's winners, Swansea City are


keen to move on. Have you ever seen anything like that before? It is


part of the game. We do not go to the police because otherwise the


player could be arrested. We will leave it as it is. But some have


lost sympathy for the 17-year-old, after it emerged he had sent a


tweet before the game mentioning time-wasting. He is 17. He should


be behaving better. When Eden Hazard kicked the ball, the boy


rolled over pretending to be more injured but he was. It is


disgraceful. At the end of last night's game, Eden Hazard and the


boy apparently shook hands in the dressing rooms. The police are


taking no more action. Here in Swansea at least, attention turns


to how to secure a ticket for the club's first-ever major cup final.


Hazard may still face sanctions, but whoever the heroes and villains


of the piece, the game will be remembered as the night the ball


boy finally took centre stage. A quick look at the time. It is


1:17pm. Our top story, the Prime Minister has brushed aside


criticism about the impact of the prospect of an EU referendum,


claiming it would be more risky to do nothing. Coming up, a special


report from Jordan on the refugee crisis caused by the conflict in


Syria. All day, people are continuing to arrive here, some


3,000 in the last 24 hours it. We are told there are tens of


thousands more are waiting on the other side of the border. Later, on


BBC London, a royal visit for the art school that helped to decorate


the Queen's Jubilee budge. The London Business woman beating the


recession was her passion for pom- Fierce fighting in Syria has caused


a major humanitarian crisis within the region, with hundreds of


thousands of people seeking shelter in neighbouring countries. Now the


United Nations and Jordan say they are concerned they will not be able


to cope with the increasing numbers. Our correspondent Fergal Keane


reports from a camp in Jordan. These are just some of the 3,000


people who arrived at the camp in the last 24 hours and what you see


now is the queue of the menfolk, who are waiting to get blankets and


to be allocated tents for their families. Those tents are going to


be their homes for who knows how long. There are something like


between 60,070 1000 people in this camp and the numbers are growing


every day. -- 60,000, to 70,000 people. There are quarter of a


million refugees from Syria in Jordan. It is putting a huge strain


on the country. We have heard the Jordanians warning they may have to


close down the border. They hope they will not have to do that, but


I think the fear is that if there is a total breakdown of order


inside Syria, then Jordan will not be able to cope. As you can see,


all around here, a lot of women and very young children. Cement are


either out in the camp, trying to find the tense for their families,


or others have stayed behind in Syria to protect what is left of


the family's properties. -- the men. When they come here, they bring


what they can carry. Mostly it is some clothes and a few personal


mementoes, maybe the stove to cook on. Everything else, for everything


else, they are dependent on the charity of the international


community. It is extremely critical. We are receiving about 2000, or


3,000 people a night. We know there are around 50,000 or 60,000 ready


to cross into Jordan. We have done as well as we cannot giving the


resources we have got, which is that we have no resources any more.


We need money desperately to expand this camp had open two others. We


will receive another 2000 or 3,000 people tonight, women and children


are desperate for support and accommodation, desperate for


blankets. There is a limit to what we can provide at the moment.


You can hear more of that from Fergal Keane on tonight's Six


O'Clock News on BBC One. Almost a quarter of schools and


colleges in England are producing no pupils with the A-level grades


sought by the most competitive courses at leading universities.


Nearly 600 sixth-forms and colleges had no one achieving two grey gate


and a grade B preferred by the Russell group of universities.


It is being suggested that women who spoke today are far more likely


to die as a result of a habit than in the 1960s. Researchers say women


are start smoking younger and until recently smoked more heavily than


in previous generations. Dominic Hughes reports.


Smoking among women really took off in the 19 fifties and sixties.


like smoking. I think people slow because they like smoking. Now a


new study in the United States involving two million people shows


how the effects are still being felt today. While health generally


has improved over the past 50 years, the relative risks to smokers of


diseases like lung cancer has increased as well. So a woman


smoking in the 1960s was nearly three times more likely to die from


lung cancer than a non-smoker. But by 2010, lung cancer was 25 times


more likely to claim the life of a female smoker than a non-smoker.


Smoking among women peak in the 1980s. One reason the risk of


serious disease has continued to rise may be that women are starting


to smoke younger and until recently were smoking more heavily than


previous generations. Researchers say their findings confirm the


claim that women who smoke like men will die like men. Smoking causes a


range of different diseases. In the past, we thought that women might


have a protective, be protected from some risks of disease, but now


it appears that there are equally at risk from a whole range of


different diseases in the same way that men are. When you smoke, the


chemicals you inhale... Oh this recent anti-smoking campaign that


running England tries to bring home to smokers the risks they run with


their health. But the good news is that stopping smoking at any age


dramatically reduces death rates from all major diseases caused by


smoking. The US military is ending its ban


on women serving in combat roles. The Defense Secretary Leon Panetta


will announce the policy change later today. America has 1.5


million active service personnel 14% of them are women. Our


Washington correspondent Ben Wright reports.


Women have been getting closer to combat for years. They serve in the


US military in many roles, as pilots, medics, mechanics and


police. But since 1994, women have been banned from joining frontline,


artillery and infantry battalions. Patrols on frontline fighting has


been the job of men. Until now. The decision to overturn the ban has


been made by the Obama administration, but its US military


chiefs who have recommended a change to the rules. More than


20,000 women served with US forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. Several


have since filed lawsuits against the Pentagon, claiming they served


in a combat role but have not been recognised for it. Of America's 1.5


million members of the armed services, 14% are women. Lifting


the ban will open up hundreds of thousands of new jobs for them. It


is thought the US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta once initial plans in


place by May and military chief for sad -- and military chiefs will


have three years to decide if some combat roles should remain off-


limits to women. But this is a ground-breaking step. One that will


lead to American women and men fighting on the front line together.


Dolphins are well known for their friendliness towards humans, but


here is a remarkable story of how one actually came up to a group of


divers for help. The animal was caught in a fishing line of Hawaii,


swam up to the group and then stayed with them while one of the


divers cut him free. Our science correspondent Pallab Ghosh has more.


A bottlenose dolphin swimming close to the surface of the coast of Kona


in Hawaii. It swims up to a group of divers and they noticed that it


is tangled up in a fishing line. They see that a hook is lodged in


its bin. The line is wrapped around its head. Unless it can get free,


it could die. It seems like it is asking for help. The woman filming


this remarkable incident explains how she felt. It was such a special


situation. I have been doing this for a long time. To see a creature


asking another creature for help was mind-blowing. The diver cuts


the fishing line. Then pulls the hook out of its fin. The dolphin


allows the driver to do his work and waits patiently and calmly. It


seems to know that the diver is helping. Amazing illustration of


empathy between two species. This was an eight ft bottlenose dolphin.


If it had opened its mouth, their teeth in it. It is a wild animal.


But the communication was there was a solution, it stayed there and it


was incredible. Now free, the dolphin swims away. The divers say


they will go back soon a check-up on it and give an update on its


condition. There are warnings of ice across


the UK as snow continues to cause disruption. Freezing temperatures


are set to continue into Saturday and forecasters are working --


warning of further heavy snowfalls across the UK tomorrow. Danny


Savage joins us from North Yorkshire.


I think from most of the country today it is a respite from all the


snow that has been falling. You can see the road behind me is fairly


clear, but it is icy. For millions of people across Britain the snow


and the cold weather is still dominating their everyday lives at


the moment. In some areas of Britain, the snow has been lying


around for 11 days now. Well known than to Marx had disappeared,


camouflaged under the landscape. -- landmarks. High on the North York


Moors, standing out against the snow, is the Lion Inn. The weather


has had to be defective. Eight ft drifts across the road and all


around the pub. You can see quite a lot of smoke. How long way you cut


off for? Two full days come which is unusual. We don't close for


anything. It is not hard to see why they are cut off but concern now is


about what happens when all this begins to thaw at the weekend.


centimetres of snow is the same as one inch of rain and we have snow


across this country on very wet land. If it falls very quickly with


the rain, there is a risk we will see flooding, particularly across


the south-west of England on Friday and across the country over the


weekend. But in the rural communities of North Yorkshire,


they are out preparing for the sting in the tail, the cold weather


has in store for tomorrow. We will have to stock up so we don't have


to turn out tomorrow. Because when it snows appear, it certainly does,


doesn't it? Yes, it puts it together really well up here, yes.


The Environment Agency says a call to hit -- a call to build snowmen


to ease before was a light-hearted remark, although this effect in


County Durham is arguably doing his bit for the cause.


The the ice is a problem on some roads today. I know some drivers


have had a lucky escape in Buxton in Derbyshire after two cars came


off the road and ended up in deep water. The people and the cars


escaped without serious injury, but the Fire and Rescue Service say it


was caused by ice. Be aware of that. Keep an eye on a forecast. More


snow is expected. We will do that now. Let's get the


latest one are forecast. How is it The end of the current cold snap is


in sight, but not before we see further heavy falls of snow on


Friday. Today, aware that it -- a relatively quiet picture. A lot of


cloud. Some breaks in the cloud, particularly the south-west England,


Wales and increasingly across north-east England. For Northern


Ireland, extensively cloudy and cold, 3-4 degrees Celsius. In


Scotland, a few cloud breaks across the north so limited sunny spells.


Not much doing for the temperatures, struggling to get above freezing.


Overnight tonight, a band of rain moving in from the Atlantic and a


few flakes of snow in Northern Ireland. Milder air will move in,


so snow turns back to rain. Elsewhere, a cold night.


Temperatures down to minus five degrees Celsius but if we get clear


spells the temperatures in the countryside could be minus ten


degrees Celsius, one of the coldest nights of this winter so far. For


Friday, the cold air is in place across much of the country. These


were the fans will try to move in off the Atlantic bringing the band


of rain with it and gradually it will bump into the cold air. During


Friday morning, it quickly turned to snow across Scotland and snow


arriving during Friday afternoon across north-west England, maybe


into parts of Wales as well. The drier, cold weather hanging on


across the East. The mild air continues to flow in across western


areas with temperatures back to normal for the time of year. It is


overnight into Friday that we will see further heavy falls of snow. We


have an ample warning in force across parts of Scotland, northern


England and the Midlands -- amber warning. We could see four, to


eight centimetres of snow falling, as much as 20 centimetres across


hills, but is eight inches of snow. Don't get caught out as we go


through Friday night. I know a lot of people tend to travel home and


see relatives and friends but conditions could be nasty. We may


see some power supply problems as the wet, sticky Snowflakes stick to


power lines and bring them down in a strong wind. There will be snow


around on Saturday morning. It will tend to clear out of the way.


Saturday night, another weather front, bringing another push of


mild air across the British Isles. They will be heavy rain and it will


set in a rapid fall of lying snow and into the weekend we will be


concerned by the risk of some localised flooding as well. There


is a lot going on with the weather. Stay in touch with your local


weather forecast and the details on A reminder of the top story. The


Prime Minister has brushed aside criticism about the impact of the