06/03/2013 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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Britain will provide armoured vehicles and body armour for force


area's opposition as the foreign secretary says the situation is


reaching catastrophic proportions. A million people have now fled the


crisis. William Hague says as the crisis becomes increasingly extreme,


Britain cannot look the other way. Syria has become the top


destination for jihadists anywhere in the world, we are seeing a rise


in sectarian violence. A crackdown on pay-day known companies, they


are told to clean up their act or face being shut down by the summer.


A radical overhaul of the way child abuse allegations are handled in


England and Wales is announced. need to get this right. What be


don't want our guidelines in five whooping years, when somebody says


that they were wrong. Thomas Cook, the world's oldest travel company,


and out his plans to cut 2500 jobs in the UK. And why they are turning


back the time in Cornwall. A rather curious addition, this is nearly 60


ft long and it is a replica of a Bronze Age boat. Later, eight men


are arrested on suspicion of grooming and raping an underage


girl. And University Challenge - how Imperial College's new campus


could bring 3000 jobs to the Good afternoon. The foreign


secretary William Hague has announced that Britain will provide


armoured vehicles and body armour to the opposition in Syria to try


to end a crisis that has reached what he called catastrophic


proportions. He said the humanitarian situation was becoming


increasingly desperate and extreme and said Britain could not turn the


other way. The UN says the number of refugees who have fled Syria has


now reached 1 million, --. Every day thousands of Syrian refugees


stream across the border into neighbouring countries and beyond.


The vast majority, women and young children. Many severely traumatised


by the bloodshed they have witnessed. This growing flood of


refugees, prompting the UN to issue a stark warning. If you want to


avoid an explosion in the Middle East, if you want to guarantee the


peace, stability in the countries around, it is important to find a


political solution for the problem before things get worse. Conditions


in the Refugee Council in Jordan, as elsewhere, are very tough. More


than a third of a million Syrians have already fled here, despite


promises of help from the international community, no way


near enough is being provided. And back inside Syria itself, the civil


war continues unabated. The rebels claimed to have taken more ground


but still show no sign of toppling the Assad regime. To achieve that,


they say European countries must now lift their arms embargo.


regime is sent -- still bombarding every village, every city, there


used surface-to-surface long- distance missiles, they used to


admit missiles against civilians. To stop the killing and destruction,


we need to alter. For the time being of the Foreign Secretary says


Britain will not supply weapons to the rebels but in Parliament today,


he did promise of a kind of assistance. It will certainly


include armoured four wheel drive vehicles, as well as personal


protection equipment including body armour. This 19-year-old was the


millionth of Syrian citizen to Reg -- register as a refugee. The fear


of all the countries looking after them is there could beat 2 million


refugees sing because the international committee is doing


too little to stop the conflict -- soon. Let's speak to our


correspondent at a refugee camp in Jordan now. The foreign secretary,


speaking a short time ago, talking about the increasingly desperate


situation. What is it like there? Well, I came here three months ago,


and it was an expanding camp. But in the period since, it has


exploded in terms of the number of people coming here. There are now


100 and 1000 people in this camp and you will find that right across


the region, and not just in Refugee Council. There are tens of


thousands of people who have camped out in abandoned buildings. I have


seen them as far into Europe as Greece, across Turkey, or all of


the borders of Syria. The conditions, according to the UN, is


that they are running out of money, they have just 20% of what they


need to be able to cater for these people as a now. They thought they


would be at that stage by June, but the sheer weight of numbers


crossing the borders of Syria has put the UN relief effort into a


very dire situation. There has been a stark warning from the Foreign


Secretary this lunchtime, he said it is essential that Syria is not


allowed to turn into a breeding ground for terrorists. That is a


fairly widespread concern. The dilemma of for Britain in providing


non-lethal military age to the armed opposition is that to people


who in many parts of Syria are at the forefront of attacks against


the government are jihadist grips with a strong Islamist sympathy.


Quite how the British government ensures that none of the military


aid or if they do provide any arms, how they ensure that doesn't get to


the Islamist groups is going to be one of the biggest challenges.


Thank you. Some of the UK's biggest pay-day loan companies to have been


accused of widespread irresponsible -- irresponsible lending have been


told they have three months to change the way they operate or face


being shut down. The Office of Fair Trading says they have found deep-


rooted problems in the industry. Pay-day lenders have been taking


over Britain's high street and are the target of a pincer movement


from the Office of Fair Trading and the government today. Ministers,


promising a much tougher regime and the OFT's three-month ultimatum


coming after they found customers were not being assessed properly.


Police found evidence of irresponsible lending and failing


to comply with the standards across the country. This is not just a


handful of rogue lenders it is about businesses across the sector.


A government clampdown means pay- day lenders will face curbs on the


number of adverts they put out and when they can show them. They could


face unlimited fines or closure if they break lending rules and there


will be tougher supervision. Stricter controls might have helped


Christopher from Durham, whose debt quadrupled because he couldn't


clear it. I would never advise anybody to take a pay-day loans out,


never. Not even for �10. Because once you get the first one you have


got to get a second one, then the third, then the 4th, just so you


can cover the interest. The flood of adverts and internet promotions


has helped turn this into a �2 billion industry. The lenders say


they do try to assist customers in trouble. We have measures in place


to help people who are in financial difficulty, so we have a repayment


plans in place if we see somebody who has got into difficulty, we


will freeze their interest and the fees, help them pay back their


loans. Regulators are being given the power to cap excessive interest


rates, the Treasury is saying the time is not right to use that power


despite today's revelations. The Office of Fair Trading found today


that too many people were being trapped with high-cost loans. They


found that although the loans were supposed to be paid back within 30


days, more than half of pay-day lenders's revenue came from


customers while having to roll over the loans because they couldn't


afford to pay the money back. It is asking the Competition Commission


to investigate a sector which it accuses of preying on a captive


market of people desperate for cash. A major overhaul of the way


allegations of sexual offences against children in England and


Wales are handled has been announced. The Director of Public


Prosecutions says he wants the Jimmy Savile scandal to serve as a


watershed for the criminal justice system. Keir Starmer says he


believes police and prosecuting lawyers have sometimes adopted an


over-cautious approach in cases of sexual assault involving children.


Jimmy Savile's crimes spanned more than 50 years. His hundreds of


victims never saw him brought to justice, but the Savile scandal has


been described as a watershed for child protection in this country.


We can't afford another Savile moment is the message from the


Director of Public Prosecutions. need to settle this and get this


right. What we don't want our guidelines which in five or 10


years somebody says or were wrong and didn't really work. There will


be a new approach when it comes to witness credibility which will mean


a sharper focus on the suspect, not just the person making the


complaint. And the plan is for a more consistent response from the


professionals. There will also be a rethink on concern at the Fort --


of false allegations, which is said to have resulted in too much


caution. There have been cases where adults have been wrongly


accused and some police and prosecutors are said to have


adopted an over-cautious attitude, fearing allegations were false. Now


the pendulum will swing the other way and that is worrying some


lawyers. We are concerned to make sure the pendulum doesn't swing too


far, we have experience of wrongful convictions and miscarriages of


justice in this area and are clearly worried that what we should


do is achieve a balanced side genuine victims to obtain justice,


but we don't wrongfully convicted people again at of crimes they


didn't commit. Like many victims, Patrick Raggett was too afraid to


speak out when he was a child. He suffered years of abuse by a


Catholic priest. He welcomes the new approach and says all those


involved with children have to communicate better. Teachers,


social workers, therapists, the police, they all have to come


together to try to improve their collective understanding of child


sexual abuse and acknowledge, frankly, how it is much more


prevalent a then people ever dream of. The Director of Public


Prosecutions says the national debate over child protection will


go beyond those involved in the criminal justice system. The


Governor of the Bank of England has proposed a radical shake-up of the


Royal Bank of Scotland, West -- mostly owned by the taxpayer. He


says in its current form, the band -- back is holding back the economy


and should be split up. We should devise a plan which should enable


U2 restructure RBS, divided into a bank, it could be a new RBS, a


healthy bank, capable of lending to the UK economy and attracting


funding and therefore could be sold back to the private sector


relatively soon. It doesn't mean being decisive in dealing with


those activities, going to the other part of the bank. I'm joined


by our chief economics correspondent. Something of a


challenge to the Chancellor, this? Is indeed, quite a bombshell from


the Bank of England. Government policy is to keep going with RBS


with a stake of more than 80% held by the government to try and get it


in order and try and start selling the shares at some stage. Only last


week the management of RBS were saying they could have it ready for


a share flotation towards the end of next year. Sir Mervyn King is


basically saying that approach is not right, it is better to accept


the fact that the taxpayer will make losses, hold on to the bad


assets in the public sector and float off the healthier side of the


bank. Has there been any reaction from the Treasury or from RBS?


are not saying anything in public, I think they are rather taken aback


by the Governor's comments. The Treasury are pointing to remarks by


George Osborne last week that this idea was put to him, he did not


rule it out but said there are big obstacles. To make it happen


committee would have to nationalise RBS, take the existing private


shares after market, that would cost a lot of money and be hard to


justify. It didn't look like he was in favour last week. RBS are making


it clear they think they have done the right thing. But a big


intervention by Sir Mervyn King. Thank you. More questions on


banking and bank bonuses at today's PMQs. Our political correspondent


Ministers do not think this will work, because banks will simply put


up salaries, and also, they think some banks will leave the City. On


the one side, you have got Tory MPs getting up the Chancellor for not


doing enough to stand up to Europe, to stand up for the City, and on


the other side, Ed Miliband accusing him of doing too much to


stand up for bankers and for the wealthy. But here's his difficulty


- the economics and politics of this story are out of sync.


Economically, the Chancellor believes he has to resist this EU


plan, but politically, being seen to be standing up for bankers'


bonuses is a bit like being seen to be going on a late night rampaged


through the Blue Peter garden, it is not going to win you many


friends. Our main headline - Britain will provide certain


equipment to the opposition in Syria, in a bid to end a crisis


which has reached catastrophic proportions. Coming up, the


increasing cost of childcare, with parents getting hit by bills which


are rising at twice the rate of Seven days of national mourning


have begun in Venezuela following the death of President Hugo Chavez


yesterday. President Chavez was a controversial figure, who polarised


opinions at home and abroad. Last night, thousands of people filled


the streets of Caracas, chanting his name. A state funeral will be


held on Friday. For these mourners, Hugo Chavez was more than just a


President. He was an icon. They are struggling to come to terms with


their loss. Chavez has not died, the revolution goes on, this lady


says. President, I know you are up in heaven, you will be our died,


she says. Hugo Chavez was a hero to some, as well as a generous donor


of aid. For them, he was the socialist revolutionary torchbearer


who dared to defy the United States, even insulting George W Bush at the


TRANSLATION: He fought for his country, a friend who gave his life


for the Liberation of the Venezuelan people. He gave it for


all the ante imperialists and anti- capitalists of the world.


former soldier brought great charisma to the job. One of his


first acts as President was to nationalise the oil wells. The


revenue funded grants for the poor which gave him huge popularity. But


the mainly middle-class opposition said he was a dictator who stifled


enterprise and ruined the economy. Vice-President Nicolas Maduro is


now the caretaker leader. He could win in the elections, but what of


Hugo Chavez's revolution, will it survive? It depends on whether his


successor is able to maintain the strengths of Hugo Chavez, but


tackle the weaknesses, the inflation, the homicide, the


personal insecurity, corruption, nepotism and so on. If they cannot


do that, then it will unravel. is a deeply divided country.


Millions say they have lost a father figure. Others see an


opportunity for change. The battle for the future of Venezuela has


Police in Moscow say all three men arrested in connection with an acid


attack on the artistic director of the Bolshoi Ballet have given


written confessions admitting to the crime. One of the three is a


leading Bolshoi soloist, who was accused of ordering the attack. A


second man was suspected of throwing the acid, and the third,


of being the getaway driver. The world's oldest travel firm, Thomas


Cook, has announced plans to cut almost 2,500 jobs in the UK, and to


cut 195 of its high-street travel agencies. Our correspondent is in


central London for us. But Thomas Cook seems to have survived? Yes,


these are very heavy job losses, but as you say, this is part of a


turnaround plan to revive a struggling business. Thomas Cook


operates in markets all over the world, but right now, in the UK, it


just is not making any money. Today, we have the news that 2,500 posts


are to go, about 16% of the workforce. Also, we're going to see


the closure of 195 high street stores, as you said. That still


leaves Thomas Cook with 874 outlets. Clearly, very bad news for the


employees, but management have taken a close look at this business


and have come to the conclusion that there is way too much capacity


on the high street. People are migrating online to book holidays.


We also know that there will be job losses in administrative and


managerial posts at head offices in Preston and Peterborough. In a


statement this morning, the chief executive officer, Peter Fankhauser,


said, it is never easy to make decisions, but the company needed


to make changes to secure its future and provide continued


employment for many thousands across the UK. Of course, that will


not be much comfort to the 2,500 people whose full-time posts will


be going. The cost of childcare in the UK has risen by 62% in the past


decade, with a full-time nursery place for a tiled -- child under


two costing �11,000 a year, more than some private schools charge in


fees. The Daycare Trust says costs are rising at twice the rate of


inflation, at a time when wages are stagnating. Reeta Chakrabarti


reports. Childcare comes in many forms, including after-school clubs


like this one. According to today's survey, are all provision has


say child care is a major outlay. It used to expensive. Sometimes you


think you are better off if you do not work. Travel, rent, child care,


the big three. I find it quite reasonable here, compared to


private nursery fees, which we were paying previously. The report found


parents using an after-school club for 15 hours a week found an


for 15 hours a week found an increasing costs of 9% on the


previous year. Parents with a child under two in nursery pay nearly


�11,000 a year for full-time care. �11,000 a year for full-time care.


Investing in quality provision in the early years is really important


for children and I days. If you have high quality, affordable child


care in place, it means that parents can go out to work and


contribute to the economy. They can contribute to their family finances


as well. Child care can be as expensive as a mortgage for many


families. Ministers say that costs will be driven down by the plan to


allow well-qualified staff to look after more children than at present.


But there have been no details yet regarding government hints of a tax


break for working families. An announcement on further help is


expected soon. Today's report underlines the burden for families


across Britain. The shock after Manchester United's defeat to Real


Madrid in last nights Champions League clash has turned to anger.


The focus of the fury is the match referee, who sent off Nani in the


56th minute. Dan Roan is at Old Trafford. It was all going so well


for Manchester United here last night. It was a titanic clash with


Real Madrid. United were leading 2- 1 on aggregate, on course for a


place in the quarter-finals of the Champions League, their hopes of a


treble very much alive, but then came another fateful refereeing


decision, which appeared to turn the game, and left United


devastated. The moment the dream turned sour, when Nani collided


with Alvaro Arbeloa, in a clumsy rather than malicious challenge.


But sadly for the hosts, referee CuneytCakir disagreed. An incensed


Sir Alex Ferguson was said to be too distraught to speak to the


media after the match, leaving his assistant to do the job. We all


witnessed a decision which seemed very harsh, possibly incredible, at


that moment in the game. knighted had been leading, but


having been reduced to 10 men, quickly conceded twice. This


morning, the fans were in no doubt that the referee was the man to


blame. It was the changing of the game. It was such a massive game,


he destroyed it. Disgusting, really. The Turkish official is no stranger


to controversial decisions. He sent off Keith Andrews of the Republic


of Ireland last year at the European finals. Some are not so


sure it was an error. If you put your boot up that high in Europe,


you run that risk, and the referee has gone strong. But that's not how


United saw it last night. At 37 years of age, the referee was


younger than Ryan Giggs. But it is the referee who has grabbed the


headlines. For many, that game of football will go down as a great


occasion, potentially which was ruined by a contentious and poor


refereeing decision. Whichever way you look at it, it is regrettable


but once again in this competition, an occasion such as this has been


overshadowed by the conjecture over the rights and wrongs of a big


decision by a match official. United must now decide whether or


not to lodge an official complaint with Uefa about the performance of


the referee, but whatever they decide to do, it will be of little


consolation, the damage has been done.


Falmouth has not seen anything like it for 4,000 years. Today, a


replica of a Bronze Age boat will be launched at high tide. It is


50ft long, it weighs five tonnes, and it has been reconstructed to


find out more about ancient seafaring. The big question is,


when it float? John Kane reports. Yes, among the yachts and the


fishing boats here in Falmouth harbour, a rather curious addition.


This one isn't nearly 60ft-long, and it is a replica of Bronze Age


boat. It has been built by archaeologists, volunteers and


others over the past seven months. They have built it, as far as they


know, as closely to the original as possible. They have even used


replica Bronze Age tools. We can speak now to one of the experts who


has been involved in the creation of this. You're an archaeologist.


Just explain what you're doing. are plugging the gaps, making the


boat waterproof. It is just some moss, which was found on the


original archaeological excavations, so we have sourced this, ended his


being squashed into these crevices to fill up any gaps. Then, the next


layer up is going to be some tallow, some animal fat, which looks a bit


messy, but what that does is, when you smear it on top of the Moss, it


is going to make a nice, watertight seal, we hope. We will find out how


watertight later this afternoon. It has been seven months in the


building. We can see some speeded- up footage danger. You created it


out of giant logs - why do this, as a historian, as an archaeologist?


Because you can only Know him So much from finds. We know that they


had boats because you can find the goods moving across the ocean. But


what we do not know is how this boat worked. It is the only way to


test out some of the ideas. We will test out some of the ideas. We will


see if it works later. Good luck. It's time now for the weather


forecast. What a difference a day makes. We will not be reaching 17


degrees, like yesterday. Today is cooler, thanks to a good deal of


cloud around, even a few spots of rain. This was yesterday's


satellite picture, with clear blue skies for most of the UK. Today,


much, much more cloud. There are a few holes here and there. But for


most of us, it will be cloudy. It in into the later part of the


afternoon, we could see some breaks in the cloud arriving across


southern areas of Cornwall and Devon. It will certainly be cooler


than yesterday in Wales. Maybe a few spots of rain fox still to come


in Northern Ireland. There could be a little bit of sunshine on the


north coast. The best of the sunshine so far, and this afternoon,


will be across the western side of Scotland. Eastern Scotland and the


east coast of England, feeling pretty cold. Coming down into the


Midlands, East Anglia and the south-east of England, it feels


quite cold under the cloud. The south-east of England should see


some sunshine. Double figures already in Kent and Sussex. More


rain and drizzle pushing northwards into Scotland and Northern Ireland


overnight tonight. In the south, it will be particularly mild. Even


further north, it should be milder than last night. Tomorrow, there


will probably be more rain around. There will be little or no sunshine.


Quite a range of temperatures tomorrow. Chilly in the north-east


of Scotland, coming down to double figures further to the south. These


low pressures will continue to rotate out in the Atlantic, and it


is these which are bringing the cloud. Again, not a great deal of


sunshine around on Friday. So much a stronger winds for more than


parts of the UK. -- some much stronger winds. With those winds,