24/09/2013 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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The siege in Nairobi enters its fourth day, as Somali militants


continue to hold out against Kenyan security forces. Fighting has


continued this morning, with reports that the group are still holding


hostages. The Somali militant group Al Shebab


says this is the moment when its fighters stormed the shopping mall -


51 people are still missing. Was the British wife of a 7/7 bomber


part of the attack? UK security services say it's a possibility


Samantha Lewthwaite may have been involved in the attacks. From the


information that we have, two or three Americans and I think so far


I've heard of one Britain. I'm live outside the Westgate centre where a


senior police source has told us the siege is over. There is still no


word yet on the fate of the hostages.


Also this lunchtime: As the Labour leader Ed Miliband prepares to give


his speech to conference in an hour's time, why is a former leader


so keen to get away from the camera? Has the BlackBerry dream run out of


juice? It's agreed in principle to a buy-out by one of its leading


shareholders. And a black and white case of a very


cute story - 14 artificially-bred pandas are put on show in China.


Later, firefighters planned to strike tomorrow and we find out what


contingency cover there will be. And why not everyone is welcoming the


gentrification of London. Good afternoon.


Police in Kenya say they've been trying to defuse bombs left in the


Nairobi shopping centre which was stormed by Islamist militants on


Saturday. At least 62 people are known to have died at the Westgate


mall, including six British nationals. The Kenya Red Cross says


that 51 people are missing. Sporadic gunfire has been heard throughout


the morning, but a senior police commander has told the BBC that the


operation is over. Let's cross to my colleague Jon


Sopel who's at the scene in Nairobi. Jon.


It has been a morning of some confusion about what is happening


300 metres behind me. We've heard sporadic gunfire and there have been


small explosions, but we've also heard from a senior Kenyan police


source that the siege is over. That has been contradicted by Al-Shabab


who say they are still holding hostages. It may be that we're going


to a definitive statement from the Interior Ministry in the next hour.


We know morgues in the city have been told to prepare to receive more


bodies. Let's get this report from a correspondent Gabriel Gatehouse.


The morning after the assault, the shopping centre is still cordoned


off as security forces try to secure the complex. They are being


cautious. The building could be booby-trapped. Yesterday afternoon,


the road leading to the centre echoed with the sounds of gunfire


and explosions. The fire burned per hours afterwards as government


forces tried to flush out the militants. At the moment, this is an


ongoing security operation, and a humanitarian one as well. The Red


Cross has been providing counselling to the victims, many of them


children. They've been preparing for the horrors they may have to


confront when this is over. They say at least 51 people may still be


missing. I believe we will recover the bodies or have people alive.


Which ever way, the human beings will be accounted for. Do you think


51 people are still inside? There is a likelihood, although it is a


difficult question for meat and said. -- for me to answer. So, a


confusing picture coming out. Clearly there is an ongoing


operation. We think there may be a number of gunmen still alive inside


the building. But the attention is now beginning to shift to the


identity of the attackers. An image has urged appearing to show two of


the gunmen inside the shopping centre. It cannot be independently


verified, but Al-Shabab say it is genuine. The Kenyan authorities have


been giving conflicting statements. Some say the attackers were all men,


others, that a British woman may have been involved. From the


information that we have, two or three Americans, and I think so far


I've heard of one British person. A British-born woman. Yes, I think


she's done this many times before. This crisis is slowly edging towards


its conclusion, but as it does so, the death toll edges upwards.


Mortuaries in the city are preparing to take in more bodies. It will be


some time before we know the full enormity of what happened at the


Westgate centre. What has been emerging as some of


the harrowing stories of the people who were in the shopping centre on


Saturday morning, just going about their everyday business when the


shooting started. Satpal Singh described coming face to face with a


gunman. Here's what he had to say. Well, I'm afraid we can't seem to


bring you that report. Let's speak to our correspondent who has been


following the events closely. We keep hearing different claims about


what is going on. Police are saying the siege is over. When can we say


definitively that it is done? Not quite yet. We are seeing military


trucks both going away but also going in. The shopping centre is


still cordoned off. As you say, we've been hearing contradictory


remarks. Al-Shabab say they are still holding is -- hostages. The


Interior Ministry said there were no hostages left. I don't think we can


say that this is fully over until the Westgate shopping centre is


opened up and we can go in and see what is inside them. The people I've


spoken to from the Red Cross are quite nervous about what they will


find. Yes, we've heard that morgues are being told to receive more


bodies. Presumably, this death toll is going to rise. That is almost


inevitable. The Red Cross say at least 51 people are still reported


missing. They've had nearly four days to get comprehensive lists of


names from hospitals and morgues, so their logic is whoever is not on


those lists and still missing, there is a high likelihood that they may


be inside Westgate. Thank you. Just say in the last half an hour we


soared to British vehicles with plates going in. -- we saw two. They


would not say what they were doing. And we've also heard the Interior


Ministry is going to get some kind of statement in the next hour.


Whether that happens remains to be seen.


So, still some confusion about who exactly carried out this attack. But


according to the Kenyan foreign minister, some foreigners are


believed to have been involved, including Samantha Lewthwaite, the


British widow of a 7/7 bomber. This from our security correspondent


Frank Gardner. Did this British woman, Samantha


Lewthwaite, take part in the Nairobi attacks? She has been on the run in


East Africa. Something they saw her at the scene. She is the widow of


the 7/7 bomber Jermaine Lindsay, but had no record of terrorism before


she left for Africa. Last year, she was suspected of involvement in a


plot to bomb tourist resorts. Investigators believe she is a


behind-the-scenes terrorist facilitator. Those who knew her


buying this hard to believe. I think she would be incapable of such


sophisticated terrorism activity. It frightens me. Is she involved? Is


she under pressure or duress? So many questions to be asked. This


month that I knew, I cannot imagine it. -- the Samantha that I knew.


So, what are the global connections of Al-Shabab? With the jihadists be


coming from the US, the UK, Scandinavia and elsewhere? People


talk of a pipeline of recruits coming from the US. Experts I'd hope


-- I talked to said they hoped the pipe line had slowed down, but this


attack obviously proves it is continuing. Al-Shabab is not doing


well in Somalia. Its forces have been driven out of the main cities


by UN backed African troops. Their draconian rule is resented in many


error ears they still rule. But they can still strike across borders.


Since the African union forces have driven them out of the capital and


one of the main ports, they have gone on the attack and become more


like Al-Qaeda leader. There has been a coup within the organisation and


from trying to hold territory, they are simply going on the attack and


creating a spectacular incident that makes the world take them seriously


again. As Kenyan investigators race to identify the attackers,


counterterrorism officials from many other countries are urgently


checking their records and looking for answers.


There will be more on that story throughout the afternoon on the BBC


News Channel. In just under an hour's time, the


Labour leader Ed Miliband will take to the podium at his party's


conference for one of the most important speeches of his political


career. He is expected to announce plans to help more than a million


small companies in England by reversing a planned rise in business


rates. The move would be paid for by cancelling a UK-wide cut in


corporation tax for larger firms. Mr Miliband will cast the Conservatives


as the party of the rich, and he will accuse David Cameron of stoking


what he calls "a cost of living crisis". Our political correspondent


Iain Watson reports. Ed Miliband has a question for you.


Do you feel better off? He says there is a crisis in Britain, with


prices rising faster than wages. He believes only a change of government


will ease the financial pain. But there are questions for him as well.


Do voters see him with -- as a potential Prime Minister? I think he


would be a great future prime minister. So mini people feel


politicians are out of touch. The unerring ability he has of


understanding people's concerns, ordinary, practical concerns, that


they've got, and also he is intelligent and committed enough to


work out what needs to be done. Politics is entering uncharted


territory. Governments rising -- presiding over a rise in the cost of


living do not normally last long. But Labour are becoming less trusted


to take over the nation's finances as the situation improves. He is


quite a way behind David Cameron on personal ratings, and Labour is


quite a way behind David Cameron on behind conservatives on economic


competence. It is hard enough, but possible, to overcome one of those


obstacles. I can't think of an example of a party over coming both.


So Labour are trying to go way beyond pleasing their own


supporters. Today, Ed Miliband will pledge to keep electricity prices


down and to help small businesses by freezing their rates. This would be


at the expense of bigger companies. Labour are not yet seen as the party


of enterprise. Taking one section of the business community and saying,


we will take something from you to give it to another section. That


will not cause businesses to invest. In these wide ranging speech


delivered without notes, Ed Miliband succeeded last year in convincing


critics that he was a credible leader of the opposition. Now, he


has to convince us he can be a leader of the country as well.


Let us be to our chief political correspondent Norman Smith. This is


a big speech. A huge speech with huge


expectations, and it follows last year's speech which was regarded as


a pretty good speech. The crux of this year will be what Labour can do


for the average person. There will be a big announcement on bearing


down on energy bills, those proposals on housing and help the


smaller firms. The wrinkle in all this is the business community are


beginning to look increasingly unhappy because they don't like the


idea they might lose out on that cut in corporation tax. They are not


thrilled they will have to take on more apprenticeships, they are not


excited about having to pay a higher minimum wage. The problem is this:


The price of Ed Miliband's cost of living pledges may be the danger of


being portrayed as anti-business, and therefore anti-recovery.


In your hand is a book which is causing something of a sideshow down


there, isn't it? It is the book by Damian McBride,


Gordon Brown's former spin doctor. He's been in Brighton doing endless


interviews, telling us about all the dark deeds he got up to. I caught up


with him earlier. I am ashamed of a lot of things


did and it is something I deeply regret, equally I don't think I was


alone in politics over the last decades in some of the ways I


operated and I hope people can see the truth of some of these


operations laid bare, and learn from that so those things can never


happen again. Is it true Gordon Brown knew nothing about what was


going on? He didn't know about the activities I have described. Did he


just choose not to know? He didn't know about those activities.


Then Damian McBride went to do more interviews, but as the Gordon Brown


he was on the other side of the Atlantic, where an enterprising


reporter from the Daily Telegraph managed to catch up with him to ask


him what he knew about the skulduggery that had gone on. Gordon


Brown was in less than conversational mode, he didn't seem


keen to answer questions. We don't know whether this is just


Westminster gossip, something for the Westminster village to chat


about, or whether it will sour the way people view Ed Miliband and Ed


Balls who were also part of Gordon Brown's in a team.


Thank you. Our top story this lunchtime: The Nairobi siege enters


its fourth day, militants are holding out against Kenyan security


forces. There was a time when it was the


mobile phone of choice, but has blackberry run out of juice? Later


on BBC London, we see some of the artworks that could make it onto the


plinth in Trafalgar Square in two years. And how netball is going from


strength to strength at Wembley Arena.


Scientists say smoke from millions of tiny cooking stoves in Pakistan,


Bangladesh and India is causing glaciers to melt more quickly. The


UN's climate panel, meeting in Stockholm, will say soot in the


smoke darkens white glaciers making them absorb more heat. Campaigners


say this is another reason to promote the use of new clean cooking


stoves which could also help protect millions of women from lung disease.


stoves which could also help protect Our environment analyst Roger


Harrabin reports. They are collecting cow dung, a


traditional fuel the millions of people in places like this. This


person is using the other main fuel, wood. Both of these fuels cause


massive health problems for the people who use them, almost


invariably women. She tells me the stove turns her house black, makes


her calf and hurts her eyes. You can see the effects of this stove, this


beam is blackened from the smoke and the heat that pours out of these


stoves. This brings problems to the family, this is one of the biggest


killers for women and children under five. The killer is the smoke, yes?


The smoke is the killer. This family owns a shop and they can afford an


improved cooking stove. This family is part of the UK aid scheme to


bring stainless steel cooker is controlled by battery-powered fans.


They cut out most of the pollution and need only half as much wood. She


tells me it does not get as hot and it doesn't produce as much smoke. It


is easy to see how cutting pollution would benefit people in a village


like this but there are so many stoves polluting. 80 million of them


estimated in India but they are creating a problem hundreds of miles


away in the Himalayas. The smoke combines with pollution from open


fires and dirty engines. It lands on the glaciers and turns them darker


which makes them absorb more heat. Black carbon as an impact on snow,


wherever it is, and certainly on the glaciers. It is an area that we need


to tackle because it has harmful impact on human health. So there is


a double benefit to promoting clean cookers. For about £30 a family,


this is a problem the world can solve, if there is a will.


The inquest into the death of Mark Duggan, whose shooting in north


London in 2011 led to riots in a number of English cities, has been


hearing further evidence from a senior police officer. Detective


Chief Inspector Mick Foote from the gang crime unit Trident told the


jury he'd been surprised by media reports after the killing, which


wrongly stated that there had been a shoot-out between Mr Duggan and the


police. Let's speak to our home affairs


correspondent. This is the second day Detective Chief Inspector Mick


Foote has been giving evidence here. He arrived at court today to


be cross-examined by Michael Mansfield QC who is representing the


Duggan family. He said he had no recollection of making a phone call


Duggan family. He said he had no to another officer within 15 minutes


Duggan family. He said he had no of the killing of Mark Duggan. That


phone call noted that Mark Duggan came under the officer's firing.


Mark Duggan fired no shots before he was shot dead. In response to


questioning, Detective Chief Inspector Mick Foote said he was


surprised by media reports after the killing which said there had been a


shoot out between Mark Duggan and the police. He said that was not the


case. The evidence is continuing this afternoon and we will be


hearing more from Detective Chief Inspector Mick Foote. Thank you.


Household waste is becoming a fuel of choice in Norway where vast


energy plants have been built to turn non-recyclable rubbish into hot


water and electricity. Oslo is also importing waste from Leeds and


Bristol to use. But the process is proving controversial, as our Europe


Correspondent Matthew Price reports. The waste from tens of thousands of


households. A disgusting decaying mass. The stench sticks in the back


of your throat. But here, this is not classed as waste. It is seen as


energy. Anything that can be recycled is before it gets to this


stage, then they pile it up in tonnes ready to burn. All of that


waste is burnt in the incinerator and if you take a look, it is 850


degrees in there, you can see it still doesn't quite burn everything.


Tin cans and metal mattress springs are left over, so at the end of the


process you get some ash, some metal which can be recycled, and a lot of


heat. That heat boils water, the steam drives this turbine producing


electricity, and the scalding water is piped off from the plant to


houses and public schools across Oslo. Rubbish from across Europe


helping to heat them through the harsh winter. Energy from waste, an


environmentalist's dream you would assume, well not completely. The


overall goal should be to reduce the amount of waste, but when you have


power plants that require that we produce more and more waste, we are


not able to reduce the amount. Public transport is also running on


rubbish fuelled by biogas given off Public transport is also running on


by decaying food and other organic waste. Enough eventually to run over


100 buses every year but is now most of our rubbish ends up in landfill.


The energy locked within, wasted for ever.


Not long ago BlackBerry accounted for half the world's smartphones but


now that market share has collapsed to a mere 3%. It's been massively


outperformed by rivals Apple and Samsung. The company has now agreed


to be bought by a consortium led by the private equity group Fairfax


Financial. But is it the end of the road for the device? Our business


correspondent is here to explain. Gone it seems are those days, and


this rescue deal underscores how fickle the technology market can be.


Just five years ago BlackBerry was worth $83 billion. Last night the


Canadian firm agreed to be bought for just 5% of that value - a measly


$4.7 billion. The deal is with one of its major shareholders, the


private equity firm Fairfax Financial. So what happened? Well,


compare Blackberry sales to rival Apple and the picture becomes


clearer. Apple is powering ahead in the market BlackBerry once


dominated. In just one weekend, Apple sold nine million of its new


iPhones. That's more than BlackBerry has sold in the last four months.


Blackberry isn't the first company overtaken by events. Computer giant


IBM lost out to rival Microsoft in the PC revolution, but did carve out


a niche for itself making business machines. The original hand-held


computer, Palm, has all but disappeared after being bought by


Hewlett Packard for a knock-down price. And Nokia, that once


dominated the mobile market, fell so far behind its rivals, it was bought


by Microsoft earlier this month. So will Blackberry go the same way? It


is a fast-paced industry and the deal is not done yet. Turning around


the firm's fortunes will not be easy, it is already planning to cut


40% of its workforce and has warned its losses could hit £620 million.


This deal could be a lifeline BlackBerry can't afford to turn


down. The controversial UK Independence


Party MEP who last week referred to some women activists as sluts, will


no longer represent UKIP in Europe. Godfrey Bloom was facing


disciplinary action after his remarks at the party conference. He


said he would continue to sit as an independent member of the European


Parliament, saying the new UKIP was "not really right" for him.


Well while zoo keepers in Edinburgh anxiously wait to find out if their


pandas will have a cub, there's no anxiously wait to find out if their


such worry in China. 14 newly-born cubs have been put on display at a


breeding and research base in Sichuan province. The eldest, Meng


Meng, is four times heavier than the youngest, Ya Yi. Our correspondent


Olivia Richwald has more. Is there anything cuter than a baby panda?


How about 14 cubs coupled up? No wonder this research base is keen to


show them off. This man says the biggest now weighs almost four kilos


and the smallest just 700 grams, far more valuable than gold. Panda can


be rented to a foreign zoo for £600,000 a year. Fewer than 2000 of


the animals are left in the wild. The habitat is shrinking and in


captivity pandas find it hard to reproduce. Today there has been


disappointing news from Australia - it panda pair in Adelaide have


failed to produce a cub for the third successive year. But in


Britain there is hope this panda will give birth. There has been


promising signs she is pregnant, and will give birth. There has been


yesterday the panda and closer -- enclosure was close to the public


because the panda has become sensitive to noise. China is


justifiably proud of this year 's cubs. In Britain we are not greedy,


we just want one, please! That would be enough!


The change of mood, let's have a look at the weather. This was the


chart from yesterday and although the overall pattern doesn't change


much, it does not do to think that the days are just going to be pretty


much the same as one-day follows another, and I can best illustrate


that with the satellite picture. There is depressing familiarity


about the days across the northern part of Scotland, fairly gloomy


there, but it is these islands of cloud further south that changes the


day is completely. Yesterday many of the locations struggled for heat,


but it doesn't mean to say everybody is on that improving curve. Many


parts are going in the opposite direction. This is how things are


shaping up for the rest of the afternoon. The further north and


east that you are, the duller things are. After the foggy start across


central and southern parts, there will be some sunshine with


central and southern parts, there temperatures which have been on the


high side this week. Then in the north, this is where we have the


bulk of the cloud and there is some rain to be had. Not a great deal of


change through this evening. If you have had some sunshine, it will be a


glorious evening. Through the course of the night and into the small


hours of Wednesday, there will be fog forming again but not in the


same places as was the case this morning. It will be down into some


of the southern counties, probably not as bad as we had it in the south


for this morning so bear that in mind. On Wednesday I'm afraid the


weather front is still there but it has come further south, introducing


rain and fresher weather into the northern part of Scotland. Further


south, watch out for the fog but here we go again. By Thursday, that


weather front will have fizzled away, a better chance of some


sunshine there, and on the western side of the British Isles there will


be some rain drifting across. Now a reminder of our top story this


lunchtime. The Nairobi siege enters its fourth day. Somali militants are


holding out against Kenyan security forces. There are reports the group


is still holding hostages. In the last few minutes we have seen


pictures of what appears to be soldiers roaming an area of the


shopping centre.