18/11/2013 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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Stepping up the fight against internet paedophiles. Leading search


engine companies agree measures to make it harder to find child abuse


images online. After months of mounting pressure, Microsoft and


Google say they will act, preventing searches and triggering warnings


that child abuse imagery is illegal. Google are rolling out these search


blocks across the world, so people right across the globe will be safer


as a result of the action that Britain is taking today. Will be


assessing the impact that this will have. Also... At least six people


die as powerful tornadoes carve a path of destruction across the US


midwest. The cost of independence. The leading economic think tank says


taxes might have to rise and spending cut if Scottish voters say


yes. New pictures of the devastation caused by Typhoon Haiyan. Ten days


on, we're with British forces taking aid to those most in need. And


return to the TARDIS, as the 50th anniversary approaches. We meet


Doctor Whos old and new. If the call comes to come and celebrate the


150th -- 50th anniversary, it would be churlish to turn it down.


The Surrey MP embroiled in a battle to save his parliamentary career.


Good afternoon. Google and Microsoft are to introduce changes to their


internet search engines which will block access to images of child sex


abuse. They have developed technology that will prevent more


than 100,000 search terms associated with child pornography from


producing any results. Earlier this year, David Cameron said internet


companies have a moral duty to act. The restrictions will be rolled out


over the next six months, but critics warn that most internet


paedophiles do not use ordinary search engines. Mark Bridger and


Stuart Hazell, both child killers, both known to have searched the


internet for child abuse images. In the summer the government told


search companies they needed to stop this happening. Now Google and


Microsoft have taken action. Type in any one of thousands of search terms


and you will get a warning that child abuse imagery is illegal. The


results are being cleaned up to make sure they can't provide a pathway to


illegal material. In a rare show of unity, the two firms outlined their


measures. This change to our search engine, which covers 100,000 terms,


should make it much more difficult to find this content online. With


both been working in this space for a long time, but we welcome the


additional attention that has been brought to the issue. We are


passionate and committed to this and will continue to work very hard on


it collaboratively -- elaborate of league going forward. But the Prime


Minister believes that without his intervention, this would not have


happened. He is meeting the internet companies in Downing Street, and


warning if they don't deliver on their promises he will bring in new


laws. But the Government says much has been achieved. The great news is


that Google are rolling out these search blocks across the world. So


people right across the globe will be safer as a result of the action


that Britain is taken today. It's widely accepted that most of these


images aren't available for our searches but are hidden on what is


known as the dark web. One former senior police chief isn't convinced


the measures will make a big difference. Let's not think that we


have really achieved something that will make children safer, because we


haven't. Paedophiles do not go online and search out the images on


Google, Bing or Yahoo. The hard-core paedophile lives in the deepest,


darkest recesses of the internet. The National Crime Agency will now


use Google and Microsoft technology to help trace child abuse material


and those behind it in the dark corners of the web. Nobody expects


that task to be simple. How much impact will this move have?


Everybody agrees this only tackles part of the problem. This will


tackle the people who are coming across this imagery, they might say


accidentally, stumbling across it and perhaps showing curiosity. It


will make it much harder for them to get access to it. But as you heard,


most of this imagery is believed to be held probably on American sites


that are hidden from the general web searches. The fight goes on to track


down the people putting that material online and then sharing it.


Powerful tornadoes and thunderstorms have left a trail of destruction


across five American States, from Kentucky Tomic again. At least six


people have been killed, as buildings were destroyed, vehicles


overturned, trees uprooted and power lines brought down. Our Father who


art in heaven... What else to do but pray when you see this ripping up


everything in its path? In Illinois they are used to tornadoes, but


there was little defence against such a giant. This thing is getting


really wide. Storm system moved fast, triggering dozens of so-called


twisters across the midwest. This was four separate ones and now it's


turned into one big one. Those who could left their homes and fled its


destructive path. This is as close as I ever want to get. Go, go, go!


And in the wake of the vortex of wind, the torrential rain. Then


hailstones added to the swathe of damage. After the storm, people


emerged to find whole neighbourhoods flattened. Washington, in Illinois,


was the worst hit. Many had thought tornadoes this late in the season


wouldn't be so serious and they'd taken shelter in their houses. It's


like a loud train. I said, this isn't right, it's not thunder. It


kept coming and getting louder. Then we went in the basement. About ten


seconds later I felt the house shaking. I waited about a minute and


then came back up. I saw what you are seeing here. My husband came


back and I said, I don't know what to do. We stood in the hallway,


where there were no windows, and just held each other. It was that


quick. The storm weakened as it moved east, but its impact is far


from over for these shattered communities. There is no power and


there are fears that many may still be trapped under the rubble. A woman


has pleaded guilty to murdering three men whose bodies were found


dumped in remote ditches in Cambridge. Joanna Dennehy, who is


30, also admitted attempting to murder two other men. What happened


in court? This was a plea that no one was expecting. It was supposed


to be just a standard court appearance before trial, and the


trial date is still fixed for later this year. Suddenly, when asked how


she plead, she stood up and said she pleaded guilty to the 11 charges


against her. That of the murder of a 31-year-old man, a 56 heir man and a


48-year-old man. Their bodies were found dumped in ditches in


Cambridgeshire in March and April this year. Each had suffered


multiple stab wounds. She was also charged with and has pleaded guilty


to two counter the tented murder. It was something which took her


barristers by surprise. The court adjourned briefly and the barristers


will be coming back to the old baby necks -- the Old Bailey next Monday.


After entering the pleas, Joanna Dennehy said to the judge, I don't


have any wish to say anything else, I've already pleaded guilty. No date


has been set for sentencing. An independent Scotland would have to


cut public spending by as much as 80% or significantly raise taxes.


That is according to a report published by the Institute for


Fiscal Studies. They say an independent Scotland would face more


than double the size of the challenge of big UK as a whole in


bringing its debts down. James Cooke is in Edinburgh for us. This report


here really gets to the heart of the independence debate, considering one


of the key questions. How does any state afford to pay for the services


and benefits that its people want and expect from it? It has to be


said, it is campaigners against independents who are giving this


report and enthusiastic welcome. What would the future hold for the


people of an independent Scotland? Where would they find their money,


what would their Government spend it on? The Institute for Fiscal Studies


has been trying to predict, and it concludes that Scotland would face a


tougher future outside the UK. The ISS says that last year government


spending was 11% higher per person in Scotland than the UK average. To


begin with, an independent Scotland's oil revenues would make


up the shortfall. But the long-term, the ISS says Scotland would need to


save ?6 billion. That's the equivalent in a 9% rise in the basic


rise of income tax or at 6% cut in public spending. Is independence a


daft idea? It's not. Scotland wouldn't be that small and economy


by international standards. It could thrive as an independent country but


there are many challenges it could face. They could need a combination


of bigger tax rises or deeper spending cuts than the UK over the


long term to deal with the challenge of an ageing population. In essence,


the ISS is saying oil flatters the Scottish economy, but the Scottish


government disagrees. John Swinney says that even without oil and gas,


Scotland has strong financial and economic foundations. He adds, this


report actually underlines the case for an independent Scotland with


full control of its own economy and the ability to take decisions that


can secure a stronger and more prosperous future. Either way, this


document seems certain to be cited time and again as Scotland prepares


to vote on independence ten months today. It is already being cited by


Alistair Darling, the leader of the better together campaign against


independents, who says this is a sober and impartial analysis which


leaves the SNP's economic case for independence in tatters. The SNP get


a chance to respond in more detail later. They are publishing a White


Paper next week. The former Labour MP Denis McShane has pleaded guilty


at the Old Bailey to making bogus expense claims of nearly ?13,000. He


was accused of producing 19 invoices for a search and translation service


in the name of the company called EPI, which were false or misleading.


He's been bailed until December 19, when he will be sentenced. A British


woman was among the 50 people killed in a plane crash in Russia. Donna


Bull, who worked at Bellerby 's College in Cambridge, was on a


10-day marketing trip when she died. The Boeing 737 was attempting a


second landing when it hit the ground and caught fire. Fresh


pictures have emerged of the moment Typhoon high and hit the Philippines


ten days ago. The footage shows the storm surge caused by the extremely


high winds, sweeping into the town on the island of someone. The


pictures were shot by a charity worker from the top story of a


boarding house, where six people were taking shelter. More than 4000


people are now thought to have been killed by the typhoon and more than


18,000 injured. The Royal Navy's HMS Daring arrived in the Philippines at


the weekend, bringing food, medicine and temporary shelters. A British


warship joining the massive international effort to get help to


places flattened by the typhoon. HMS Daring was on a training exercise of


Malaysia when the call came. It headed at full speed to the


Philippines. The helicopter on board has been key to finding which remote


islands are most in need of help. This is the view they had from


on-board will stop here, a boat washed ashore. And along the coast,


villages destroyed by the high winds. They took photographs of the


coastal communities. Badly hit but not yet receiving the kind of aid


now being seen elsewhere. We've been shocked by some of the damage that


has been caused. Towards the north-eastern areas, there are some


islands there that have been severely damaged. Houses flattened,


yes, some really bad damage. The path of the typhoon... The captain


of HMS Daring explained where that was, and how Britain's limited


resources can help. We can make a vast amount of difference in the


initial stages of this kind of operation. We can bring things in


such as water and food come to establish the needs and communicate


them back to the government and non-government organisations who can


provide the longer term assistance these communities require. The


mission is for HMS Daring to get back up to those areas it has


identified as needing help. The helicopter will continue to make


assessments and the age -- which they've brought on board will be


taken out of those people who most need it. Extra supplies have been


brought abroad. Top all in, food, medicines and containers to deliver


sea water purified on the ship. It's a small but significant part of a


huge effort to help at least 3 million people whose homes have been


destroyed. Our top story. Google and Microsoft are to introduce changes


to their internet search engines, which will block access to images of


child sex abuse. Later on BBC London, the fire brigade's new


exercise. And the research centre calling for hands-free phones to be


banned in cars. It was a planet which scientists


believe had flowing w0ater and the ability to support life. Mars was


once warm and wet. But something happened to its atmosphere, and the


Red Planet turned into a cold, dry, and inhospitable place. As our


science correspondent Pallab Ghosh explains, the Maven spacecraft will


orbit 4,000 miles above Mars to try to find out why. All set and ready


for launch. NASA's latest mission to Mars. Its aim is to discover how it


ended up the dry, dead planet we see today. This is what it was probably


like 4 billion years ago - a beautiful, habitable world, with


flowing water and a thick, cloudy atmosphere. Something clearly


happened. Water was abundant on early Mars. The environment was


capable of supporting liquid water, yet today we see an environment


unable to support water. We want to understand the reasons for the


change in that climate. NASA's Maven spacecraft will spend a year


studying the Martian atmosphere. Much of what we currently know comes


from meteorites fallen to earth. This is a meteorite fallen from


Mars. Locked inside it is the Martian atmosphere as it was in the


distant past. It suggests that it was once like the Earth's and


capable of supporting life. The aim of the new mission is to find out


what the Red Planet was really like billions of years ago. The great


mystery was how Mars lost its once rich atmosphere. It is thought that


particles from the Sun, called solar wind, ripped it away. The solar wind


has been tugging away at the atmosphere causing it to escape into


space. We want to measure the current rate that is happening, and


to extrapolate back to see what the atmospheric pressure might have been


like 4 billion years ago. The mission may well show that Mars was


one similar to the Earth, and help solve the mystery of how it became a


desolate world we know today. Police in Paris are on high alert


after gun attacks at the newspaper Liberation and the banks Asir Tage


in a row. French media ordered a hostagetaking -- reported a


hostagetaking on the Champs Elysees. What has been happening? We


have a huge manhunt under way here in Paris. The Interior Minister says


he has been called by the president, who is out of the country at the


moment, and make available every need -- every available means to


capture this man. He shot a reporter this morning twice in the chest, and


he is said to be in a critical condition. Further to that, the man


appeared in the business district and seem to be firing into the air


or into the Windows of buildings. Police said he then commandeered a


vehicle and made that man drive him to the Champs Elysees, the main


shopping street here in Paris. Very busy at the moment with a Christmas


market. He was dropped somewhere halfway down the Champs Elysees. At


that point, he has disappeared, but he is clearly armed and dangerous.


He has already opened fire twice in Paris this morning, and police have


helicopters over the city at a moment trying to find him. Thank


you. There are warnings today that the


legacy of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games will fall to if


the government doesn't do more to support it. A House of Lords" is


says that while the Games were an outstanding success, there has been


little evidence of change in levels of participation. There are calls


for a minister to oversee the legacy.


Inspire a generation was the clarion call of London 2012. While the


memories of a golden summer for British sport still burn bright, a


new report warns that the flames are in danger of flickering out when it


comes to London's legacy. We want to see somebody at Cabinet level who


has the clear responsibility for making sure that their colleagues


across all departments deliver on the legacy of the Olympic Games. The


cross-party group of peers are also critical about how the benefits have


been geographically spread, with foreign investment as a result of


London 2012 resulting in 15,000 jobs in the south-east, but just seven in


the north-east. Overall, the report at knowledge is that London 2012 was


a success, but it does not see a step change in the number of people


participating in sport, a clear pledge leading up to the Games. Now,


more needs to be done to keep the Olympic spirit alive.


A jury at the Old Bailey has -- Old Bailey has been hearing that Rebekah


Brooks was a very demanding editor when she was in charge at the News


of the World. A barrister says she wanted high standards. Our


correspondent was in court. Justin Wolford, who advised editors and


desk editors about the legality of stories, said that Rebekah Brooks


was a demanding editor but passionate about her newspaper. Andy


Coulson was risk averse, but was somebody who wanted to get stories


into the paper. The prosecution says some of those stories were sourced


through phone hacking. The lawyer representing Mrs Brooks was asked if


he could remember any story sourced by phone hacking. What could he


remember advising about the legality of phone hacking? He couldn't


remember anything about Glenn Mulcaire. Journalists were very


protective, apparently, about their sources. He said he had the


lawyers' focus. He said he looked at what was written in the story,


rather than the sourcing of it. He was asked to monitored the method


you spy -- used by journalists. He said that that was the department


heads. The prosecutor asked to monitored the methods of the


department heads. He said that that would be the editor and the managing


editor. Rebekah Brooks and Andy Coulson deny all the charges they


face here at the Old Bailey. Thank you. With only three days to


go until the Ashes get started in Australia, England are given --


giving the wicketkeeper Matt prior as long as possible to prove his


fitness ahead of the first test in Brisbane. But the front pages are


taken up with Kevin Pietersen, who has tweeted that no one outside of


Australia has heard of Brisbane. Matt Prior on Monday came through a


session in the nets. For England, putting on his pants was an


incorrigible sign. Right now, there's plenty of torque. James


Anderson and Graeme Swann on BBC, making use of a cosy studio in


Brisbane. Ashes past will not define the future necessarily. One thing we


are excited by was that we didn't play our best in England against


Australia, but we still ended up winning 3-0. We are hopeful we are


going to play better cricket than we did, and we know we will have to


play better cricket than we did to have a chance of winning. If England


say they have to get better, what about Australia? Across Brisbane,


here is their training session. Shane Watson bowled very gingerly,


but it is a sign of progress in his fitness battle. David Warner got his


famous fighting hands flying. As far as I am concerned from the


Australian point of view, we are very up for the final. I don't


really care what England is doing. England are in Brisbane. Kevin


Pietersen's walk through the airport was deemed front-page news in one


newspaper, apparently a display of extreme arrogance. Responding on


Twitter, Kevin Pietersen said no one outside of Australia had heard of


Brisbane. This was Monday afternoon. Similar weather is


predicted later in the week. Take shelter anywhere. For all the


aggression, the first test might require plenty of patience.


He spent nearly a millennium travelling light years from home,


but now the Doctor has reached a special milestone - half a century


on our television screens. The occasion is being marked tonight


with a special ceremony at Buckingham Palace, the first of a


series of events leading up to the 50th anniversary episode of Doctor


Who on Saturday. It is a story viewers have been


anticipating for years. It is such a significant celebration of Doctor


Who, a few things had to be included. There's aliens, a


companion, and a Time Lord. Or two. Or three. I'm looking for the


Doctor. Well, you've certainly come to the right place. This is the


episode people have been talking about for so long. It is a great


privilege. It is a thrill. It has been really thrilling to make. There


is something extraordinary about all the doctors meeting, which made it


very fun to act in and be part of. For the Golden -- anniversary, the


show is welcoming back David Tennant's doctor, last seen several


years ago. I am none -- I am 904 years old. I am the bringer of


darkness. And you are basically just a rabbit.


It is completely different and yet weirdly familiar. Lovely to be back.


Was it a hard decision? Not really. If the call comes to come and


celebrate Doctor Who's 50th anniversary, it would be churlish to


turn it down. Joining them is better and actor John hurt, as another


incarnation of the Time Lord. He says he jumped at the opportunity to


take part. It is irresistible. The enquiry came in, and I thought, I


will have to have a go at that. I've never done anything like this


before. Perhaps the luckiest person onset is companion Clara, played by


Jenna Coleman. Another companion has been added to the mix. Who is your


favourite? You can't do that to me! They are really close. I am spoilt


for choice right now. The full details of the plot are still under


wraps, but, predict to Billy, expectations for this particular


adventure are understandably high. Of course, because of the interest


in this story, it has a difficult balancing act. It has to entertain


occasional viewers watching because of the special nature of the


episode, while at the same time, satisfying long-term fans. Great men


are forged in fire. That is what the Doctor Who team is promising - and


episode that celebrates the past as well is looking to the future.


With the weather, here is Darren. The much heralded cold weather is


beginning to arrive. We still have mild conditions across England and


Wales, but it isn't lasting, because the colder air is pushing into


Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can see the difference on the


satellite picture. In the mild area we have flat, layered cloud, and we


have speckled cloud in the cold area. A spell of rain is pushing


into the Midlands and into the south-west. Behind it, some


sunshine. Showers turning increasingly wintry in Scotland and


Northern Ireland. Temperatures are milder in the south and south-east.


That mild as soon gets pushed away. We are all going to get into the


cold conditions overnight. Widespread frost, and maybe some icy


roads as well. This band of rain shouldn't last long. Then, the


clearer, colder air that follows. Northern winds bringing increasingly


wintry showers into Scotland, Northern Ireland, parts of England


and Wales. The risk of icy roads is mainly from Wales northwards. A


really cold start to tomorrow. There could well be some snow in lower


levels in Scotland. Some wintry showers grazing the west Coast of


Scotland. For a while, maybe some snow in Northern Ireland as well.


The showers feeding over the Irish Sea, maybe coming into western


Wales, and one or two in the Midlands and towards the south-west.


For many eastern areas of the UK, it will start try and sunny. It will


certainly be cold, with a frost in most places. The winds keep the


showers going, mainly around western coastal areas here. Later, we will


see the Kirk loud and wet weather in the north-west of Scotland, but many


will have a dry day tomorrow. But a good few degrees colder than we have


had for some time. Frost in the south tomorrow night. We have wet


and windy weather around the low pressure coming into the north. For


a while, a spell of snow over the Highlands and Grampians, but it is


mostly going to be rain that is driven southwards on Wednesday


across the whole of the UK by some pretty lively winds. Severe gales in


the north. It will feel cold in the wind, and it stays cold through the


rest of the week. A reminder of our main story this


lunchtime: Google and Microsoft are to introduce changes to their


Internet search engines which will block access to images