30/11/2015 BBC News at One

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World leaders gather in Paris at the start of crucial UN


talks to try to cut global emissions.


"The world is looking to you. The world is counting on you".


For all the challenges we face, the growing threat


of climate change could define the contours of this century more


It's hoped the two-week summit will reach a long-term deal on


We'll looking at what impact - if any - these talks will have


Amid warnings of resignations, the Shadow Cabinet is meeting now


to discuss the issue of airstrikes against IS in Syria.


Labour says many of its members are opposed to it.


The High Court in Belfast rules that Northern


Ireland's abortion legislation is in breach of human rights laws.


Sugary soft drinks should be taxed, say a group of MPs,


And New Zealand says farewell to their rugby legend, Jonah Lomu, who


The primary school pupils thought to be in danger of radicalisation -


mistakenly identified by their school and council.


And an inquest into a helicopter crash in Vauxhall is told it's


Good afternoon, and welcome to the BBC News at One.


Never before have so many world leaders been


147 heads of state and leaders from across the globe have gathered


in Paris at the start of critical climate talks.


As talks got underway, President Obama said this could be


a turning point - the moment that leaders finally determined that they


Many countries have already submitted pledges to reduce


But the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, said the world needed


The most powerful politicians on the planet gather at the start of a


summit trying to put together the first global deal to limit


greenhouse gases. World leaders are in Paris to show they are committed


to the process. This is a turning point. This is the moment we finally


determined we will save our planet. It is the fact our nations share a


sense of urgency about this challenge, and a growing realisation


that it is within our power to do something about it. The goal is to


limit carbon emissions enough to prevent global temperatures rising


by more than two Celsius above preindustrial levels. That's because


scientists believe that warming above that level will lead to


serious changes, more weather extremes, more floods and rising sea


levels. Some argue that even the 2 degrees target isn't low enough.


Talks six years ago failed to reach a deal. This time they are trying a


different approach. Individual countries have been asked to make


pledges, promises of what they are willing and able to do, and there is


optimism it can work. The problems are there, but they can be solved.


If we did it within the next ten years, we would be solving the


problems of global warming to a considerable degree. One big change


is the mood in China, the world's biggest omits of greenhouse gases


who have resisted previous attempts to be bound to targets. It believes


countries should be allowed to seek their own solutions on climate


change. TRANSLATION: Addressing climate


change should not deny the legitimate needs of developing


countries to reduce poverty and improve their people's living


standards. Many developing countries argue that they still need to use


cheap fossil fuels to meet growing energy needs, and that if they are


to move to low carbon sources like solar instead, they need help with


technology and money to pay for it. And those most vulnerable to the


impact of climate change also expect funding to help them to adapt. But


all of those at the table are under pressure to find a deal. We are all


here to set us on the road to a saner future. If, at last, the


moment has arrived to take those long awaited steps towards rescuing


our planet and our fellow man from impending catastrophe, then let us


pursue that vital goal in a spirit of enlightened and humane


collaboration. To make this work, almost 200 countries with a range of


different economies and different priorities will have two agree. Once


the political leaders have left, there will be less than two weeks to


make that happen. It could be a turning point,


says President Obama. How much optimism is there that


concrete changes can be made? I would say there is a real feeling


of optimism here this morning. The political leaders have been invited


here, right at the very beginning of the conference, to inject some


political welly into the two weeks of negotiations. What is different


about this conference this time round is that countries have been


asked to submit their pledges ahead of the conference happening, and it


is really significant that we have the US, we have China, saying they


really want to do that. Later we will hear from India, saying they


want to have renewables meeting 40% of their energy by 2030, at the same


time they will be doubling their coal capacity. When they started up


20 years ago, no one could agree on a voting system, so it means that


any decisions have to come by consensus. 195 countries, plus the


EU, have two agree on a deal. But people here are saying a deal looks


possible, even probable. But will it be significant? Will it be enough to


stop our planet moving into what scientists call a dangerous phase of


global warming? That will be thrashed out over the next two


weeks. Thank you. The Shadow Cabinet is meeting this


lunchtime to discuss whether Britain should begin bombing the so-called


Islamic State group in Syria. Some front benchers have warned of


a number of resignations if their leader, Jeremy Corbyn, forces MPs to


vote against air strikes in Syria. Our political correspondent,


Robin Brant, reports. Have you changed your position? This


doesn't sound like a man in the mood for compromise. You are very rude.


Jeremy Corbyn went to work this morning knowing some of the media


are not the only ones being uncooperative at the moment. The


Labour leader has a crucial meeting of his top team, the Shadow Cabinet,


but how many of those he appointed back in September will appoint -


support him on Syria? How does Jeremy Corbyn keep it all together?


This is where he was elected Labour leader, with almost 60% of the vote,


but here in parliament it is a different story. It seems almost


half his Shadow Cabinet do not support him on this. Jeremy Corbyn


believes there is mounting support for his opposition to British


bombing, but even senior figures who agree with the Labour leader cannot


agree on whether to allow Labour members what is called a free vote.


Jeremy has to take other views into account other than mine. The problem


about a free vote is it hands victory to Cameron over these air


strikes. It hands victory to him on a plate. This is what the government


wants the RAF to do - drop bombs on so-called Isis targets in Syria.


Labour support is key to winning Parliament's backing before the


tornadoes can take off. This isn't about the internal politics of the


Labour Party. It is about the security of our country. All members


of Parliament, whatever party they are in, should listen to the


arguments being made. We want to take the fight to Isis. The Prime


Minister has tried to make the case for dropping these British bombs on


Syria. If it cannot get Labour's support, it will not happen. But


there is a big split in Jeremy Corbyn's party, and he has to decide


how to deal with that. Our assistant political editor,


Norman Smith, in in Westminster. Mr Corbyn's team are still


undecided. That critical meeting of the Shadow Cabinet has been shifted


back an hour. Some believe Mr Corbyn should stand firm and demand the


party backs him in opposing air strikes. There are those who


believes he should offer a free vote to head off the danger of mass


resignations. My impression is Mr Corbyn himself favours standing


firm. He believes he was elected as a leader on the mandate of an


anti-war leader. He has the backing of some of the big unions. He


believes opinion in the Parliamentary party is shifting his


way. He has backing of Labour members, as a survey has shown. Some


75% of Labour members backed Jeremy Corbyn in backing air strikes. If


the sides are unable to agree, they could possibly tried to coalesce


around a compromised position, which would be to say that the case for


war has not yet been made. They will not an ambiguously pose - oppose


war, nor support it. That might bridge the divide. This matters not


just for the future of the Labour Party and Jeremy Corbyn. It is also


crucial as to whether we engage in bombing. Mr Cameron may well decide


he does not want to risk holding this vote is Mr Corbyn decides to


whip his MPs in opposing military action. Thank you.


The High Court in Belfast has ruled that abortion


legislation in Northern Ireland is in breach of human rights laws.


A judge said abortion should be legal in cases of serious foetal


Abortion legislation is currently much stricter in Northern Ireland


Abortion is an emotive and contentious issue in Northern


Ireland. Only in very limited circumstances can a pregnancy be


terminated here. That's something that the Northern Ireland Human


Rights Commission set out to challenge in the courts. Today, they


have won that argument. I would describe it as a landmark, historic


judgment in terms of this issue in Northern Ireland. It is a very good


day for human rights. The current law in Northern Ireland is in


stricter than any other part of the UK. It only allows a pregnancy to be


terminated when the mother's life is at risk, or there is a threat to her


long-term mental or physical health. But the judge has said that there


should be exemptions in cases where the foetus will not survive the


birth, or when the pregnancy has been caused by rape or incest. Anti


abortion campaigners gave evidence during the judicial review, and were


at court for today's judgment. Every unborn child should be protected,


and that is the will of the people. Sarah Ewart was one of the people to


give evidence during the case. Due to a genetic condition, her baby had


a foetal abnormalities, which meant that her child would die either


during or shortly after birth. It's not something that I would ever have


dreamt of going through. She had to travel to England to have an


abortion. Her mother was in court to hear the other woman in the same


circumstances shouldn't have to make the same journey away from home. I


am so glad the judge heard her story and took note of it, and has judged


the right way, to help women like Sarah. The court will hold another


hearing next month to decide what action should be taken to ensure the


law about abortion protects the human rights of women.


Questions are being raised over the position of the


Conservative Party Chairman, Andrew Feldman, in connection with a row


The former co-chairman, Grant Shapps, resigned from the government


at the weekend after criticism that he'd failed to act on allegations


against an activist named Mark Clarke, who denies any wrongdoing.


Our political correspondent Tom Barton is in Westminster.


Senior Conservatives are meeting this afternoon to discuss this.


Absolutely. The ultimate decision-making body, the


Conservatives are to board, meets this afternoon. These bullying


accusations are likely to be at the top of the agenda. The allegations


already claimed one significant party figure, Grant Shapps, the


former party chairman, resigning from his position at the weekend. He


signed the letter which appointed Mark Clarke, the activists at the


centre of these allegations, to a formal role within the party. Mr


Shapps sign that letter, but four senior party members took the


decision to appoint Mark Clarke. Among them is Lord Feldman, the


senior party chairman, who is now facing questions about his position.


The father of Elliot Johnson, the young conservative activists, who


apparently took his own life after being bullied, says he has


questions. The meeting will be chaired by Lord Feldman, a man who


we are told today has the full confidence of the Prime Minister.


Last minute talks are taking place to try to stop three days


of planned strikes by junior doctors in England, starting tomorrow.


They voted overwhelmingly in favour of industrial action in a dispute


Our health editor, Hugh Pym, is here.


Do we know thousand talks are going? Not really, other than the fact


they're continuing at ACAS. We had three full days last week and there


was contact between the conciliation service and each side yesterday and


talks have continued today. What we do know is possible is that the


strike tomorrow could be called off, even at this late stage, maybe this


afternoon. There are two further days of action planned on December


8th and 16th. It is possible if the talks are going well that tomorrow's


action may be postponed. We simply don't know. We know the Health


Secretary will make a statement in the House of Commons today, we may


well learn more then about what will happen tomorrow. If the strikes go


ahead, what will it mean for patients? The action in England is a


strike affecting nonurgent care, not emergencies, so it is routine


procedures. People have been contacted to be told those have been


postponed at many hospitalings. But not as many as you thought. One said


only 10% of out-patient appointments would be postponed and a third of


operations. So inconvenient, but it may not result in a lot of


disruption. There are some GPs saying they're cancelling certain


types of appointments which are not urgent. But only a small number. So


everything still up in the air. Thank you.


More than 150 world leaders gather in Paris at the start of crucial UN


talks to try to cut global emissions.


After Britain's historic success in the Davis Cup Andy Murray says


he can play at the top level for at least another five years.


Tackling alcohol this Christmas - London's emergency services warn


And Arsenal miss their chance to go joint top of the


Premier League, even after they were gifted a goal against Norwich City.


His sudden death at the age of just 40 shocked the world.


Today the New Zealand rugby union legend Johan Lomu, who died earlier


this month, has been remembered at a national memorial service in


He's regarded by many as one of the game's greatest ever players.


New Zealand's rugby team performed the Haka as his coffin


Our correspondent Jon Donnison reports from Auckland.


New Zealand remembering a legend as only New Zealand can.


Jonah Lomu's two boys, Brayley and Dhyreille with their


But even the big men also finding it hard.


Just blessed to be part of your amazing journey, mate.


And we are going to miss you, big man,


we are definitely go to miss you, so rest in peace, brother, thank you.


There was sadness, but also celebration


of a remarkable life for the thousands of people who attended.


My fond memory of Jonah was '95, back in the World Cup


I like his team and I like how he played strong and he was


a good person off the field and he is inspirational and a good man.


And in honour of that good man, the ceremony closed with former


A phenomenal send off for a phenomenal man.


Arguably the greatest player the game has ever seen and rugby's


In the words of his former high school coach, Jonah


A pupil who was asked by her teacher to send explicit pictures


of herself has won a landmark legal case entitling her to compensation.


The High Court decision sets a new precedent meaning that anyone


manipulated into sending or receiving


a sexually explicit message or image and who suffers psychological harm


Our legal affairs correspondent Clive Coleman reports.


When Hannah - not her real name - was a teenage pupil at a special


needs school, a relationship developed with the vice principal


He always said, "If there's any problems, just give


me a call," and when I was at school I used to like go to his afus and


talk to him about problems at home.


William Whillock would call and text Hannah - who was 40 years


younger than him - late at night, requesting naked images of her.


She did as he asked and texted, "Here's what you ordered."


He was delighted and replied, "That's so lovely.


After Hannah sent another picture of her topless,


Although Whillock told Hannah to delete the photographs and texts,


her phone was discovered by another teacher at the school.


Whillock was arrested in front of pupils and staff,


admitted possessing indecent images and received


Hannah has now sued for the harm done by Whillock and won


damages, including ?25,000 for the text messages and images alone.


It means that anyone who is manipulated


into sending or receiving a sexually explicit message or


image - sexting - and suffers psychological harm as a result can


It's a very regular occurrence for people, children, to be exchanging


The scale of these cases is potentially enormous


And the harm done can be serious and long-lasting.


It affects my relationships, because it's always in my head what


happened between me and Bill that I felt it was, I was forced into it.


I feel like they're going to abuse me again.


A 20% tax on sugary drinks should be introduced as part


of bold and urgent measures to tackle child obesity in England.


That's the verdict of a new report by MPs who say there


is now compelling evidence a tax would reduce the amount


But critics say it would simply end up punishing consumers


Our health correspondent Jane Dreaper reports.


A tax on drinks like this will send a clear message to parents and


children, that's the view of the MPs - bar one - from the health


The former GP who leads the committee said a tax


on sugary drinks could be a quick and effective way of persuading


There are directly equivalent products,


whereas there aren't for things like cakes and chocolates, so we are


we know everyone wants to enjoy sugar, but a third of particularly


teenagers' sugar intake is just coming entirely from sugary drinks.


So if we can do something to nudge people away from those choices,


we think that will help to make a difference.


A sugar tax is one of nine areas where


They're concerned that one in three children leaving primary school


They're calling for Government controls on supermarket price


promotions offering cheap food like biscuits and they want advertising


for unhealthy products to be banned before the 9 o'clock TV water shed.


In Mexico, a sugar tax led to modest reductions in sales


But the UK's food industry believes it's not the right answer.


We think a sugar tax would penalise lower income families.


For them the shopping basket of food is a much bigger proportion


So if they're taxed even more they will be hit the most.


The Government doesn't want a sugar tax either


and it is not clear whether shoppers will change their behaviour.


When I was a kid like my mum would go give me money


to go and get stuff, but I used to just buy drinks,


I don't think kids will know there is a 20% tax they will


It might help stop parents from buying their kids fizzy drinks.


I think the problem with any tax is that people find ways around it.


TV chef Jamie Oliver gave evidence to this inquiry and continues to


Health ministers in England will publish


a delayed plan for tackling child o' wees beesty in the new year.


Pope Francis has visited a mosque in the capital of the


Central African Republic this morning, to meet Muslims who have


sought shelter there from a conflict between Christian


He told worshippers Christians and Muslims are brothers and sisters.


Afterwards, the Pope went to a stadium


Our religious affairs correspondent Caroline Wyatt sent this report.


There is an incredible atmosphere here at the stadium in Bangui


People have flocked to see him and his visit has meant


a lot to those who have come out - whether in the displaced people's


camps, or elsewhere, because it is seen as a sign that


The day began at a mosque in an area of the city that has become


a symbol of the faultline between Christians and Muslims here.


It is known as PK5, it is an area where some 15,000


Muslims have sought shelter around a mosque, because


of fears of Christian militia who would attack them if they left.


The Pope make clear that he believed that no one with real religious


motives would commit the violence that has been seen here


His visit has been a symbol for many.


It may not bring piece immediately, but he has sent a strong signal - a


message that Christians and Muslims can and should live in peace.


Andy Murray says winning the Davis Cup was even more emotional


Yesterday he sealed Great Britain's Davis Cup victory -


The team captain Leon Smith says the team need to go


into overdrive to encourage youngsters to take up the sport.


There are moments in sport when the thought comes to mind,


It's not the first trophy Andy Murray's lifted, but he won


with his brother and, yes, for Great Britain.


On Sunday night Murray forced himself into formal clothing for


the official engagements with the team. On Monday morning, he was


back in the track suit at the team hotel in Ghent, feeling every yard


Then with his team captain alongside, I asked Murray


I'm really pleased, we did it, I feel very proud, but, no,


there is's still many things I would like to try and do in my career.


Players are playing longer now than they were before.


I'm 28 years old, my body feels maybe a bit older than that


But I'm hoping I can still play at the highest level for five or six


more years and I mean I will give it everything I have got


The highest ranked singles player currently available for British


Davis Cup other than Andy Murray is Kyle Edmond, the world 102.


Beneath the Murrays, down near those grass roots, is


Britain really now a tennis, real any now a leading tennis nation?


That legacy, you know, the work that should have been going on for a long


time now, because Andy's been around and doing wonderful things on the


court for a number of years now, but it's got to go into overdrive now


and that captivation of everyone should be at


Andy Murray ends the tennis year having given everything.


But as much as he believes he can do it again, the time will


And finally an incredible picture taken by two Canadian brothers


Michael and Neil Fletcher - who managed to snap this selfie with a


The pair were hunting for grouse in Ontario when they spotted


the struggling bird and worked painstakingly to free it.


Before leaving the eagle to fly away, the Fletchers decided to take


The picture has since gone viral on the internet.


Now the weather. We have got our own picture sent in by our weather


watchers and we're seeing very mixed weather. No sign of things settling


down. The week ahead will be windy with gales poss combribl. Some more


rain and in the north more snow. This was the scene in Perth and


Kinross in Scotland. Our weather is coming from the west, all the way


from North America, the next few days will see thick cloud that is


producing some rain. The position of the cloud will be crucial, because


to the south of the cloud it is mild and windy. To the north we have the


cold air and we could see some snow. On the edge of that cloud we had


wintry weather in Scotland. We have rain setting in across England and


Wales this afternoon. Heavy rain over west Wales. Strong to locally


gale force wind. Very mild at 13 degrees. In northern England and


Scotland brighter but colder and these areas may have a frost


tonight. In Scotland we could be down to minus 10. And by contrast it


is plus 12 in the South West of England. The winds will push the


rain north again tonight into the cold air across Scotland and


northern England and we will find some snow down to lower levels.


Particularly in central and eastern parts of Scotland and north eastern


England. It will be rain for Northern Ireland, much milder


weather by the morning. Rain in the rest of northern England. I have the


wind gusts showing in here. Still lively gusts in England and Wales to


the south. Especially around the south-west coast where it will be


mild but cloudy. We will find the snow in north-east England turning


back to rain. Continuing to snow in the Scottish mountains. And we are


left with a lot of cloud and some rain and drizzle in the west. But


very mild. Temperatures around 14 in the south. Rising through the day in


Scotland. On Wednesday we start mild and windy with south-westerly winds.


This weather France producing the cloud will bring more rain on


Wednesday. Particularly into England and Wales. Signs of colder air


arriving in the north-west later in the day. Thank I yo. Our main story:


Around 150 world leaders gather in Paris at the start of crucial UN


talks to try to cut global emissions.