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The Government loses its appeal at the Supreme Court -
only parliament has the power to trigger the Brexit process.
Eight of the eleven judges agreed that MPs and peers,
not the Government, should be responsible
The Government cannot trigger Article 50 without Parliament
Outside the court, the ruling was welcomed
by Gina Miller, the woman who'd challenged the Government.
Today's decision has created legal certainty based on our democratic
process and provides the legal foundations for the Government
David Davis tells MPs that there is no going back on Brexit and
legislation seeking their approval will be introduced quickly. We will
within days introduce legislation to give the government legal power to
trigger article 50 and begin the formal process of withdrawal.
We'll be examining the significance of the Supreme Court ruling
and asking what impact it will have on Brexit.
President Trump tells car manufacturers, put your
The massacre on a Tunisian beach - an inquest into the deaths of 30
British tourists hears from a woman who played dead to survive.
On the up - speeding fines for motorists driving well over
In sport on BBC News, Bernie Ecclestone says
he was forced out as chief executive of Formula One
after 40 years following a takeover by Liberty Media.
Good afternoon and welcome to the BBC News at One.
In a landmark ruling, the government has lost its appeal
at the Supreme Court over who has the authority to start the process
of taking the UK out of the European Union.
Eight of the eleven supreme court judges ruled that
only MPs and peers, not the Government,
have the authority to trigger Article 50 and begin two
The president of the Supreme Court, Lord Neuberger, said that leaving
the EU would change UK law and the rights of UK citizens -
which meant parliament must be consulted.
A short time ago, MPs were told the government would introduce
legislation within days to stop the formal process of leaving the EU.
Our political correspondent Carole Walker reports.
This was a case with profound implications. Who should decide the
process for taking the UK out of the EU? The decision, taken by 11 of the
most senior judges in the land, was delivered to the hushed courtroom.
Today, by a majority of 8-3, the Supreme Court rules that the
government cannot trigger Article 50 without an act of Parliament
authorising it to do so. Article 50 begins the formal negotiations for
leaving the EU, a process which the judges said would fundamentally
change UK law. The referendum is of great political significance, but
the act of Parliament which established it did not say what
should happen as a result. So any change in the law to give effect to
the referendum must be made in the only where permitted by the UK
constitution, namely by an act of Parliament. The verdict was clear -
the judgment spells out why the court had rejected the government's
case. The government will comply with the judgment of the court and
do all that is necessary to implement it. The woman who brought
the case said the ruling reaffirmed that Parliament is sovereign. This
ruling today means that MPs we have elected will rightfully have the
opportunity to bring their invaluable experience and expertise
to bear in helping the government select the best course in the
forthcoming Brexit negotiations. Is this a blow to the government's
Brexit timetable, Sir? But the government will be relieved that the
court ruled that there is no legal requirement for it to consult the
devolved nations, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. So the focus
now switches to Parliament. MPs and peers will not try to block the
Brexit process, but they could delay it. Opposition parties are already
setting out the changes they will try to make to the coming
legislation, changes which could affect the government's whole
approach to the negotiations over Britain's departure from the EU. We
are very clear. We will hold them to account to protect jobs. We will
hold them to account to make sure British industry does have market
access, and we will not allow ourselves to become some kind of
offshore tax haven. That is not what people voted for. Unless the
government concedes a new deal for the British people so that the
British people have a say over the final arrangements between the UK
and the EU, I will vote against article 50. The SNP say they will
table 50 amendments. The Prime Minister set out last week a path
towards the hardest of hard Brexits. I don't believe there is a majority
for that in the House of Commons. I certainly don't believe there is a
majority for that across the country, so this is an opportunity
for the House of Commons to assert itself and to have a say not just on
the narrow question, but on the broader terms of the negotiation as
well. Downing Street said today's ruling will not affect the timetable
for Theresa May to begin negotiating with other EU leaders. The
government will introduce a bill in the Commons within days. This will
be the most straightforward bill possible to give effect to the
decision of the people and respect the Supreme Court's judgment. The
purpose of this bill is simply to give the government the power to
revoke Article 50 and begin the process of leaving the European
Union. But the scene is set for some tough parliamentary clashes before
the bigger battles with the rest of the EU can even begin. Carole
Walker, BBC News, Westminster. Well, in a moment we'll talk
to our assistant political editor Norman Smith -
but first our legal How much of an impact could this
ruling have on Brexit? Well, as you heard, this is a ruling
which removes power from the government and gives power to
Parliament. The government didn't want it this way, but they have got
it this way. Now they have to introduce a bill to parliament that
could be subject to a number of amendments. The real significance of
today is that this ruling has really defined the limits of executive
power, the power of ministers and government. And it has underscored
the foundation of our unwritten constitution. We don't have a
written constitution in this country, but we have one founding
principle to our constitution, which is that Parliament is sovereign.
Parliament creates the law and only Parliament has the power to change
the law. And it was that that came through in the ruling of the eight
Supreme Court justices who ruled against the government today. The
government now has a much more difficult task ahead of it, and far
less control over the process. Norman Smith is in Westminster. The
government lost today. How confident is the Prime Minister going to be
that they can still stick to the timetable, this date in March? It is
a funny old paradox. You are right, the government was defeated, and yet
frankly, ministers are oozing with confidence that they can get Article
50 triggered and yes, by Mrs May's self-imposed deadline of March. The
reason for that above all is because Parliamentary opposition in this
place to triggering Article 50 is by and large crumbled. Tory rebels
don't want a fight now. Peers in the House of Lords don't want to be seen
to be defying the result of the referendum, and crucially, the
Labour leader has said his party will not stand in the way of
triggering article 50, even though some of his MPs will rebel against
that. And on top of that, the court decided that the Scottish Parliament
did not have a right to have a vote. So ministers are extremely
confident, and the expectation is that a pared down bill will be
introduced in the next few days. A word of warning, though. One thing
we have learned from the whole Brexit process and successive prime
ministers have learned in our relations with Europe - nothing ever
goes smoothly. Parliamentary trapdoors can still open without
warning. Norman Smith, thank you. Six months after the EU referendum,
what the voters make of today's ruling? Our correspondent Danny
Savage has been finding out. When it came to the decision on
whether to leave the EU or stay, Leeds voted to remain, but only
just. Months later, what do the 49.7% who voted to leave think now
that the issue is going back to Parliament? Reverted to get out, so
why can't we get our? It is simple. We voted for the Prime Minister come
in, the Prime Minister comes in. We look to leave, and a store and
stall. It's wrong. A lot of countries want to do business with
England, Trump for starters. We don't like the guy, but that's not
the point. Let's get back for us. Never mind other people, let's get
this country going again. But remember, the majority in this city
voted to stay and many haven't changed their mind. Shamal is from
Iraq and thinks Europe should stick together. I don't know what is going
to happen. Would you rather they stopped Brexit now and kept in
Europe? Yeah. I was totally opposed to Brexit and I voted against
leaving the EU. At a nearby butchers, Jim believes things would
be different if we had known then what we know now. I know people who
voted for Brexit who did not understand the circumstances and
consequences of what we were voting for. I think before the referendum,
we were not totally told what it implied with Brexit and what it
means to stay in the EU or to leave. Do you wish Brexit would just go
away? If I could turn the clock back 12 months and start all over again,
I think the lead up to the referendum should be different.
Broadly speaking, those who voted for Brexit just want the government
to get on with it unhindered. Those who didn't are still against it, but
see it as inevitable. Danny Savage, BBC News, Leeds.
Let's get reaction from the rest of Europe with our correspondent Damian
Grammaticas, who is in Brussels. What have they made of the ruling
there? Here, what we have heard from the European Commission is that they
will not comment on internal legal matters of a member state. They are
waiting for that article 50 negotiation. But they did make clear
in their view, once the 50 trigger happens, there will then first beer
negotiation about separating. Only after that, negotiations on a trade
deal. The EU commission said if you spit and want to remain on good
terms, you have to settle things first and then your future
relationship. One thing the ruling today has not clarified as whether
once Article 50 is triggered, it can be revoked. Can you go back on that?
The assumption in the ruling is that you trigger article 50 after two
years you are out of the EU am a good deal, bad deal, whatever. There
is a question that some are raising in the UK and was raised to date
singer that can be revoked? Here, they would not be drawn on it, but
expect more challenges through European courts, perhaps, on that
issue. Damian Grammaticas, thank you.
President Trump is meeting American car manufacturers today in a bid
He's going to tell them that if they want to sell cars
in the states, they need to build their new car
Yesterday one of his first acts as President was to withdraw
the United States from a major Asia pacific trade agreement -
Our correspondent Richard Lister reports.
If there was one thing that lifted Donald Trump to power,
it was his pledge to create jobs, and the way to do that, he says,
is to rip up some trade agreements and start again.
He began by pulling America out of a deal with 11 other
In truth, it had long been stalled in Congress,
and President Trump said he would have a different approach.
We're going to have trade, but we're going to have one-on-one.
And if somebody misbehaves, we'll send them a letter
of termination and they'll either straighten it out or we're gone,
not one of these deals where you can't get out
But some of those like Japan who signed up to the deal Mr Trump
has rejected argue that it would have balanced Chinese
Others say if Washington won't join their trade
We want to have more opportunities with more markets.
We already have a China-Australia free trade agreement.
Certainly, there's the potential for China to join the TPP.
Tackling China's economic influence is a priority for the Trump team,
so now it has to try to fill the potential trade vacuum
And it's worried about the South China Sea too.
It carries 40% of the world's trade and is being fortified by Beijing
If those islands are in fact in international waters and not
part of China proper, then yeah, we are going to make sure we defend
international territories from being taken
China responded bluntly today that its policy wouldn't change.
The Foreign Ministry warned Washington to act cautiously.
Donald Trump's focus on putting business first went down well
with these American union officials yesterday, but it's a strategy
which will have a major impact abroad as well as at home.
Well, let's speak to our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue,
We know from his Twitter feed that he has been up for a while, but
President Trump's first on his agenda are the car manufacturers. He
certainly has a busy day ahead. Yeah, he is hauling in Ford, Fiat
Chrysler and also General Motors into the Oval Office this morning.
Effectively, they were on the receiving end of some of his
harshest criticism during the campaign for shipping jobs and
manufacturing out of the United States to Mexico in particular. He
has also claimed credit for some of those jobs coming back subsequently,
and those big manufacturers have announced some investments in the US
as a result of Donald Trump's win. But there are still a lot of
manufacturing going on outside. Ford employs something like 8000 people
in Mexico and is building a new plant there. Donald Trump is
threatening to impose huge terrace if they continue to assemble those
cars and bring them in, 35% tariffs. Of course, he has got the unions on
his side on this one and he will know that. The other thing to
remember is that the American people know that the auto industry was
bailed out big time after the financial crisis. So they have a lot
of pressure on them at the moment to deliver what Trump once. Gary, thank
you. A woman who was on holiday
with her husband in Tunisia to celebrate their 30th wedding
anniversary has been describing what happened when a gunman
started shooting at tourists Allison Heathcote
was shot five times. She told an inquest that
she played dead as she lay next to her
husband's body. Our correspondent Richard Galpin
is at the Royal Courts of Justice. We are in a very important phase of
this inquest is now, it began this week, this particular phase, looking
into the evidence relating to the deaths of each of the 30 British
tourists who were attack back in 2015. This morning we heard a very
moving statement by the daughter of a couple who were killed, this was a
Raymond and Angela Fisher. She, the daughter, read out the statement
itself in court. It was a very brave thing to do, spoke about how her
parents had been planning their 50th wedding anniversary during their
holiday in Sousse. And also said that they had never been able to see
their first grandson, who was born, actually, just before this inquest
began earlier this month. And she then went on to ask the court to
read out the very graphic details of the postmortem is carried out on
both her parents so that everybody would know what the impact those
high velocity rounds would be on the body, and everyone would know,
therefore, what the gunman had done to her parents. Also, we've heard
some critical evidence coming from some witnesses, who have talked
about, really, the absolute pandemonium at the hotel, the fact
that the staff were panicking, had no idea what to do to try and help
the people who were running, and trying to escape from the scene. And
also saying how there had been absolute no lockdown procedure at
the hotel, so some very damning evidence of what the staff should
have been doing but were not capable of doing at this critical time.
Richard Galpin, thank you. The Government loses its appeal
at the Supreme Court - only Parliament has the power
to trigger the Brexit process. And coming up,
how much is your signature worth? Here at a unique auction,
1000 signatures are going under the hammer from some
of the most famous names in history. In sport, Roger Federer
is through to the semifinals of the Australian Open after beating
Misha Zverev in straight sets. He'll face his Swiss compatriot
Stan Wawrinka People caught driving
well above the speed limit will now face much bigger fines
in England and Wales. Those found to be travelling
at more than 50 mph in a 30 limit could be hit with a penalty
of up to ?1000. are being issued to magistrates
by the Sentencing Council. It follows concerns
by road-safety campaigners. Our correspondent
Daniel Boettcher has more. Thousands of motorists are fined
for speeding every year, and the penalties already vary
depending on how bad but under changes
to sentencing guidelines, exceeding the limit
by a large margin Magistrates will set a sentence
from a starting point that's up from the current
starting point of 100%. The increase will apply to those
cases judged to be the most serious, and that means on motorways,
where the speed limit is 70, In a 20 zone,
it would apply after 41 mph. There is, though, as now,
and other limit for fines - ?2500 on motorways and ?1000
on all other roads. The changes have been welcomed
by safety campaigners The prospect of higher fines
may change behaviours. What it will do is act
as a deterrent, potentially, but what we also need is
effective enforcement on our roads, and we have fewer
road-traffic police officers The tougher penalties
are part of broader guidelines set out by
the Sentencing Council for magistrates
in England and Wales. These guidelines were last updated
in 2008, and while there are significant changes
for motorists caught speeding, they also cover a whole range
of other offences That includes the non-payment
of the TV licence fee. There'll be a new option
for magistrates for cases judged to be at
the lowest level of offending. The Sentencing Council
says the changes should help magistrates sentence
fairly and proportionately. They're very important
to ensure consistency, so whether you're in Hackney
or Halifax, you'll have the same
approach, the same starting point, the same range being looked
at for a similar offence. The changes for speeding
and the other offences covered by the new guidelines will be
brought in towards the end of April. A barrister defending
the veteran entertainer Rolf Harris has told Southwark Crown Court
that the jury in his first trial in 2014 got it wrong when they found
him guilty of indecent assault. The 86-year-old,
who's pleaded not guilty, is being tried on seven charges
of indecent assault and one of sexual assault against
seven victims between 1971 and 2004. Our correspondent Dan Johnson
is at Southwark Crown Court. Yes, this was the day when Rolf
Harris' defence team started putting the case on his behalf, but we were
told we will not hear from Rolf Harris himself, his defence
barrister saying that his memory isn't good enough to recount events
30 or 40 years ago. He told the jury, if the defendant can say no
more micro to Uihlein, I cannot remember being there, the evidential
importance is quite weak. -- can say no more to you. They have been
picking up hard evidence given when he was convicted previously, and a
number of witnesses have been saying that they could not remember him
being at a community centre in Portsmouth where he was convicted of
assaulting an 18-year-old girl, questioning his previous convictions
and whether the prosecution can rely on those convictions to show a
pattern of defending in this trial as well. His defence barrister said,
in short, we say the jury got it wrong in the first trial, we have
enormous faith in the system, but it is not infallible. Well, Rolf
Harris, appearing via video link, denies the seven counts of indecent
assault. Dan, thank you.
Thousands of migrants, including children on their own,
are sleeping rough in the Serbian capital, Belgrade,
Some of the children are as young as eight.
The Serbian government says many are refusing shelter
Our Europe correspondent Gavin Lee sent this report.
This is how migrants are living in the Serbian capital, Belgrade -
sleeping rough with temperatures dropping as low
But the people here have a choice - the Serbian government says
warmth and food is available in official shelters.
But many fear deportation and keep trying instead
to cross illegally into Hungary and on to other EU countries.
6,000 migrants are housed in official centres across the country,
waiting for a chance to be among 20 people a day
On the Belgrade streets, eight-year-old Aziz is alone,
his brother detained on the Croatian border.
I mean, Aziz, you don't sound well - is he OK?
Yeah, he's OK, he has a little problem of flu,
he have a flu and chest problems, cough problems.
He would at least be, like, safe and warm...
Extremely ill, we alert aid workers to Aziz's case,
We've seen, over the last few days, children that are eight, nine, ten.
I was speaking to a 12-year-old Afghan boy yesterday
in this warehouse that's been here for three months.
He's waiting for a call from a smuggler,
because he thinks that's his best option.
With older migrants looking out for him, saying their chance
of crossing the border is greater with him in tow,
two days on, Aziz is still sleeping rough in the warehouse
where there are dozens of other unaccompanied children.
The head of BT Europe is to resign over an accounting scandal in Italy
that will dent the parent company's profits.
Well, with me is our business editor, Simon Jack.
Shares in the company have fallen sharply, what is going on? Really
sharply, down 20%, the worst day they have had since they were
privatised, and that is bad news for the 1 million small shareholders who
still own shares since then. This has been an Italian accounting
scandal, they thought it was going to cost ?140 million. Now they think
it is to cost ?500 million, and the head of BT Europe will be out of
post, let me put it this way, by later this afternoon, I am told.
Believe it or not, it is not the worst of their problems, they also
said that their revenue from their biggest customers, those are public
sector bodies, big international customers, which stomach will be
much weaker than they thought, and that is what investors even more.
What be blasting to me is that when a coming as big as BT says it's
biggest customers have stopped spending money, it can be a bad sign
for the economy. -- what people are saying to me is that when a company
as big as BT. It is a bit of a canary in a coal mine.
Bernie Ecclestone's 40-year reign as the head of Formula One is over,
after it was sold to a company called Liberty Media
Mr Ecclestone, who's 86, said he'd been forced out.
Our sports correspondent Andy Swiss reports.
He's the former used-car salesman who came to rule
But for Bernie Ecclestone, it's finally the end of the road.
Over 40 years, he turned Formula One from a niche interest
into a multi-billion pound powerhouse.
But now it has new owners - American company Liberty Media.
They believe the sport can promote itself better,
and so they put a new man, Chase Carey, in the driving seat.
I would expect this is difficult for Bernie,
it's a big change for him, he's run the sport,
he's run the sport as a one-man...
he's run it as a one-man dictator for a long time.
I think the sport needs a fresh perspective.
Tough and uncompromising, Ecclestone's business brain
brought him famous friends and huge personal fortune,
but it's also brought controversy.
Off the track, he had to settle a bribery case in Germany,
while on it his decisions have raised eyebrows - taking races
to countries like Bahrain, with questionable human rights
records, tinkering with the rules, and skewing prize money
After so long in power, many feel a change in direction is overdue.
I think the most important thing is getting back
to the basics of outright racing, engaging with the fans,
engaging with the public, and perhaps de-complicating the cars
a little, and going back to man and machine
Ecclestone will still have an advisory role, but a man
so used to being the puppet master is no longer pulling the strings.
At 86, his reign is over, and Formula One, indeed sport,
will surely never see his like again.
A signature on a cheque from Charles Dickens,
a lock of hair from the Duke of Wellington,
a postcard from the great train robbers
They're just part of a huge collection of autographs,
letters and historic documents that are going under the hammer today.
Our correspondent Duncan Kennedy reports.
Which Royal do you think this is? Does this help? How about this
writer? And does this help? This ruler is probably more recognisable,
but what about this? In fact, they are Queen Victoria, Rudyard Kipling
and Napoleon, but it is their signatures, not their faces, that
often travel better through history. They are part of a unique single
collection of 1000 signatures being auctioned today. There is the mark
of everyone from mad King George III to the Duke of Wellington, and from
Gordon of Khartoum to Ronnie Biggs, the great train robber. Some of the
signatures are connected, like these three men, who all took part in the
charge of the light Brigade in 1854. There is Lord Lucan, who gave the
order, the Earl of Cardigan, who led the charge, and Private William
Bird, one of the 600 who survived. ... Daisy, Daisy... #
You might not recognise Francis Warwick, the mistress of the future
Edward VII, who inspired the song. Others speak for themselves. That is
one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind. It was the late
John Evans, a post-war British magician who conjured up this
collection, but in a world where signatures seem to be giving way to
selfies, is the intimacy of handwritten names being lost?
Collecting signatures in days gone by, and I think it will continue, is
on a park with selfies today. What we do today with selfies is only the
same as collecting a bit of excitement decades or centuries ago.
Today's auction in Worthing attracted local and international
buyers. Neil Armstrong's signature went for ?2500. Ronnie Biggs' 564.
There is still money in a moniker, especially from those fashioned by
the hand of history. Duncan Kennedy, BBC News, in Worthing.
Time now for a look at the weather with Chris Fawkes, lots more fog
around today. Yes, once again causing problems for
the airport in south-east England, and in the Wembley area, rather
foggy conditions, the sun just trying to peep through the low
cloud. There is Wembley, out in the fog banks, sunshine across good part
of England, cloudy and to the north-west, a beautiful to the
morning in Staffordshire. Temperatures overnight dropped like
a stone to leave icy conditions, a pewter. Still today. -- a beautiful
view. A few fog patches linger on to the Vale of York and the Salisbury
Plains, cloudy for Wales and north-west England. Damp weather
getting into Scotland. Northern Ireland should stay dry, and for the
north of Scotland, sunny spells, both having relatively mild weather,
10-11d. Overnight and night, risk Atlantic winds over the north and
west of the UK will keep the frost and fog at bay across the north-west
of the country. Indeed, a mild night here, ten or 11 degrees in the
mildest spots. Cold air in central and eastern England, and again we
will see a sharp overnight frost forming. Temperatures probably as
low as minus four degrees Celsius, so again some icy stretches on
untreated roads, and the fog will be back again, particularly across
south-east England and East Anglia. There is a risk of further
disruption. It will clear through the morning as low cloud comes in
from the near continent, bringing drizzle, even snow is possible,
don't be surprised by a bit of wintriness. Sunshine into Wales and
north-west England, cloudy for Northern Ireland and western
Scotland, mild weather in the West, ten or 11 degrees. Through Thursday,
we started to squeeze the isobars closer together across the UK, so
although the weather should stay largely dry, the winds will be a
major feature through Thursday, and quite a cloudy start to the day, but
things should brighten up with sunny spells coming through. Temperatures,
we are looking at highs of 5 degrees or so in London, but feeling
significantly colder in the wind, feeling below freezing for some.
Things will change towards the end of the week and on into the weekend.
We will see the temperatures generally rising, and in London by
Saturday temperatures up to 10 degrees.
A reminder of our main story this lunchtime.
The Government loses its appeal at the Supreme Court -
now only Parliament has the power to trigger the Brexit process.
That's all from the BBC News at One, so it's goodbye from me,
and on BBC One we now join the BBC's news teams where you are.