24/01/2017 BBC News at One


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The Government loses its appeal at the Supreme Court -


only parliament has the power to trigger the Brexit process.


Eight of the eleven judges agreed that MPs and peers,


not the Government, should be responsible


The Government cannot trigger Article 50 without Parliament


Outside the court, the ruling was welcomed


by Gina Miller, the woman who'd challenged the Government.


Today's decision has created legal certainty based on our democratic


process and provides the legal foundations for the Government


David Davis tells MPs that there is no going back on Brexit and


legislation seeking their approval will be introduced quickly. We will


within days introduce legislation to give the government legal power to


trigger article 50 and begin the formal process of withdrawal.


We'll be examining the significance of the Supreme Court ruling


and asking what impact it will have on Brexit.


President Trump tells car manufacturers, put your


The massacre on a Tunisian beach - an inquest into the deaths of 30


British tourists hears from a woman who played dead to survive.


On the up - speeding fines for motorists driving well over


In sport on BBC News, Bernie Ecclestone says


he was forced out as chief executive of Formula One


after 40 years following a takeover by Liberty Media.


Good afternoon and welcome to the BBC News at One.


In a landmark ruling, the government has lost its appeal


at the Supreme Court over who has the authority to start the process


of taking the UK out of the European Union.


Eight of the eleven supreme court judges ruled that


only MPs and peers, not the Government,


have the authority to trigger Article 50 and begin two


The president of the Supreme Court, Lord Neuberger, said that leaving


the EU would change UK law and the rights of UK citizens -


which meant parliament must be consulted.


A short time ago, MPs were told the government would introduce


legislation within days to stop the formal process of leaving the EU.


Our political correspondent Carole Walker reports.


This was a case with profound implications. Who should decide the


process for taking the UK out of the EU? The decision, taken by 11 of the


most senior judges in the land, was delivered to the hushed courtroom.


Today, by a majority of 8-3, the Supreme Court rules that the


government cannot trigger Article 50 without an act of Parliament


authorising it to do so. Article 50 begins the formal negotiations for


leaving the EU, a process which the judges said would fundamentally


change UK law. The referendum is of great political significance, but


the act of Parliament which established it did not say what


should happen as a result. So any change in the law to give effect to


the referendum must be made in the only where permitted by the UK


constitution, namely by an act of Parliament. The verdict was clear -


the judgment spells out why the court had rejected the government's


case. The government will comply with the judgment of the court and


do all that is necessary to implement it. The woman who brought


the case said the ruling reaffirmed that Parliament is sovereign. This


ruling today means that MPs we have elected will rightfully have the


opportunity to bring their invaluable experience and expertise


to bear in helping the government select the best course in the


forthcoming Brexit negotiations. Is this a blow to the government's


Brexit timetable, Sir? But the government will be relieved that the


court ruled that there is no legal requirement for it to consult the


devolved nations, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. So the focus


now switches to Parliament. MPs and peers will not try to block the


Brexit process, but they could delay it. Opposition parties are already


setting out the changes they will try to make to the coming


legislation, changes which could affect the government's whole


approach to the negotiations over Britain's departure from the EU. We


are very clear. We will hold them to account to protect jobs. We will


hold them to account to make sure British industry does have market


access, and we will not allow ourselves to become some kind of


offshore tax haven. That is not what people voted for. Unless the


government concedes a new deal for the British people so that the


British people have a say over the final arrangements between the UK


and the EU, I will vote against article 50. The SNP say they will


table 50 amendments. The Prime Minister set out last week a path


towards the hardest of hard Brexits. I don't believe there is a majority


for that in the House of Commons. I certainly don't believe there is a


majority for that across the country, so this is an opportunity


for the House of Commons to assert itself and to have a say not just on


the narrow question, but on the broader terms of the negotiation as


well. Downing Street said today's ruling will not affect the timetable


for Theresa May to begin negotiating with other EU leaders. The


government will introduce a bill in the Commons within days. This will


be the most straightforward bill possible to give effect to the


decision of the people and respect the Supreme Court's judgment. The


purpose of this bill is simply to give the government the power to


revoke Article 50 and begin the process of leaving the European


Union. But the scene is set for some tough parliamentary clashes before


the bigger battles with the rest of the EU can even begin. Carole


Walker, BBC News, Westminster. Well, in a moment we'll talk


to our assistant political editor Norman Smith -


but first our legal How much of an impact could this


ruling have on Brexit? Well, as you heard, this is a ruling


which removes power from the government and gives power to


Parliament. The government didn't want it this way, but they have got


it this way. Now they have to introduce a bill to parliament that


could be subject to a number of amendments. The real significance of


today is that this ruling has really defined the limits of executive


power, the power of ministers and government. And it has underscored


the foundation of our unwritten constitution. We don't have a


written constitution in this country, but we have one founding


principle to our constitution, which is that Parliament is sovereign.


Parliament creates the law and only Parliament has the power to change


the law. And it was that that came through in the ruling of the eight


Supreme Court justices who ruled against the government today. The


government now has a much more difficult task ahead of it, and far


less control over the process. Norman Smith is in Westminster. The


government lost today. How confident is the Prime Minister going to be


that they can still stick to the timetable, this date in March? It is


a funny old paradox. You are right, the government was defeated, and yet


frankly, ministers are oozing with confidence that they can get Article


50 triggered and yes, by Mrs May's self-imposed deadline of March. The


reason for that above all is because Parliamentary opposition in this


place to triggering Article 50 is by and large crumbled. Tory rebels


don't want a fight now. Peers in the House of Lords don't want to be seen


to be defying the result of the referendum, and crucially, the


Labour leader has said his party will not stand in the way of


triggering article 50, even though some of his MPs will rebel against


that. And on top of that, the court decided that the Scottish Parliament


did not have a right to have a vote. So ministers are extremely


confident, and the expectation is that a pared down bill will be


introduced in the next few days. A word of warning, though. One thing


we have learned from the whole Brexit process and successive prime


ministers have learned in our relations with Europe - nothing ever


goes smoothly. Parliamentary trapdoors can still open without


warning. Norman Smith, thank you. Six months after the EU referendum,


what the voters make of today's ruling? Our correspondent Danny


Savage has been finding out. When it came to the decision on


whether to leave the EU or stay, Leeds voted to remain, but only


just. Months later, what do the 49.7% who voted to leave think now


that the issue is going back to Parliament? Reverted to get out, so


why can't we get our? It is simple. We voted for the Prime Minister come


in, the Prime Minister comes in. We look to leave, and a store and


stall. It's wrong. A lot of countries want to do business with


England, Trump for starters. We don't like the guy, but that's not


the point. Let's get back for us. Never mind other people, let's get


this country going again. But remember, the majority in this city


voted to stay and many haven't changed their mind. Shamal is from


Iraq and thinks Europe should stick together. I don't know what is going


to happen. Would you rather they stopped Brexit now and kept in


Europe? Yeah. I was totally opposed to Brexit and I voted against


leaving the EU. At a nearby butchers, Jim believes things would


be different if we had known then what we know now. I know people who


voted for Brexit who did not understand the circumstances and


consequences of what we were voting for. I think before the referendum,


we were not totally told what it implied with Brexit and what it


means to stay in the EU or to leave. Do you wish Brexit would just go


away? If I could turn the clock back 12 months and start all over again,


I think the lead up to the referendum should be different.


Broadly speaking, those who voted for Brexit just want the government


to get on with it unhindered. Those who didn't are still against it, but


see it as inevitable. Danny Savage, BBC News, Leeds.


Let's get reaction from the rest of Europe with our correspondent Damian


Grammaticas, who is in Brussels. What have they made of the ruling


there? Here, what we have heard from the European Commission is that they


will not comment on internal legal matters of a member state. They are


waiting for that article 50 negotiation. But they did make clear


in their view, once the 50 trigger happens, there will then first beer


negotiation about separating. Only after that, negotiations on a trade


deal. The EU commission said if you spit and want to remain on good


terms, you have to settle things first and then your future


relationship. One thing the ruling today has not clarified as whether


once Article 50 is triggered, it can be revoked. Can you go back on that?


The assumption in the ruling is that you trigger article 50 after two


years you are out of the EU am a good deal, bad deal, whatever. There


is a question that some are raising in the UK and was raised to date


singer that can be revoked? Here, they would not be drawn on it, but


expect more challenges through European courts, perhaps, on that


issue. Damian Grammaticas, thank you.


President Trump is meeting American car manufacturers today in a bid


He's going to tell them that if they want to sell cars


in the states, they need to build their new car


Yesterday one of his first acts as President was to withdraw


the United States from a major Asia pacific trade agreement -


Our correspondent Richard Lister reports.


If there was one thing that lifted Donald Trump to power,


it was his pledge to create jobs, and the way to do that, he says,


is to rip up some trade agreements and start again.


He began by pulling America out of a deal with 11 other


In truth, it had long been stalled in Congress,


and President Trump said he would have a different approach.


We're going to have trade, but we're going to have one-on-one.


And if somebody misbehaves, we'll send them a letter


of termination and they'll either straighten it out or we're gone,


not one of these deals where you can't get out


But some of those like Japan who signed up to the deal Mr Trump


has rejected argue that it would have balanced Chinese


Others say if Washington won't join their trade


We want to have more opportunities with more markets.


We already have a China-Australia free trade agreement.


Certainly, there's the potential for China to join the TPP.


Tackling China's economic influence is a priority for the Trump team,


so now it has to try to fill the potential trade vacuum


And it's worried about the South China Sea too.


It carries 40% of the world's trade and is being fortified by Beijing


If those islands are in fact in international waters and not


part of China proper, then yeah, we are going to make sure we defend


international territories from being taken


China responded bluntly today that its policy wouldn't change.


The Foreign Ministry warned Washington to act cautiously.


Donald Trump's focus on putting business first went down well


with these American union officials yesterday, but it's a strategy


which will have a major impact abroad as well as at home.


Well, let's speak to our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue,


We know from his Twitter feed that he has been up for a while, but


President Trump's first on his agenda are the car manufacturers. He


certainly has a busy day ahead. Yeah, he is hauling in Ford, Fiat


Chrysler and also General Motors into the Oval Office this morning.


Effectively, they were on the receiving end of some of his


harshest criticism during the campaign for shipping jobs and


manufacturing out of the United States to Mexico in particular. He


has also claimed credit for some of those jobs coming back subsequently,


and those big manufacturers have announced some investments in the US


as a result of Donald Trump's win. But there are still a lot of


manufacturing going on outside. Ford employs something like 8000 people


in Mexico and is building a new plant there. Donald Trump is


threatening to impose huge terrace if they continue to assemble those


cars and bring them in, 35% tariffs. Of course, he has got the unions on


his side on this one and he will know that. The other thing to


remember is that the American people know that the auto industry was


bailed out big time after the financial crisis. So they have a lot


of pressure on them at the moment to deliver what Trump once. Gary, thank


you. A woman who was on holiday


with her husband in Tunisia to celebrate their 30th wedding


anniversary has been describing what happened when a gunman


started shooting at tourists Allison Heathcote


was shot five times. She told an inquest that


she played dead as she lay next to her


husband's body. Our correspondent Richard Galpin


is at the Royal Courts of Justice. We are in a very important phase of


this inquest is now, it began this week, this particular phase, looking


into the evidence relating to the deaths of each of the 30 British


tourists who were attack back in 2015. This morning we heard a very


moving statement by the daughter of a couple who were killed, this was a


Raymond and Angela Fisher. She, the daughter, read out the statement


itself in court. It was a very brave thing to do, spoke about how her


parents had been planning their 50th wedding anniversary during their


holiday in Sousse. And also said that they had never been able to see


their first grandson, who was born, actually, just before this inquest


began earlier this month. And she then went on to ask the court to


read out the very graphic details of the postmortem is carried out on


both her parents so that everybody would know what the impact those


high velocity rounds would be on the body, and everyone would know,


therefore, what the gunman had done to her parents. Also, we've heard


some critical evidence coming from some witnesses, who have talked


about, really, the absolute pandemonium at the hotel, the fact


that the staff were panicking, had no idea what to do to try and help


the people who were running, and trying to escape from the scene. And


also saying how there had been absolute no lockdown procedure at


the hotel, so some very damning evidence of what the staff should


have been doing but were not capable of doing at this critical time.


Richard Galpin, thank you. The Government loses its appeal


at the Supreme Court - only Parliament has the power


to trigger the Brexit process. And coming up,


how much is your signature worth? Here at a unique auction,


1000 signatures are going under the hammer from some


of the most famous names in history. In sport, Roger Federer


is through to the semifinals of the Australian Open after beating


Misha Zverev in straight sets. He'll face his Swiss compatriot


Stan Wawrinka People caught driving


well above the speed limit will now face much bigger fines


in England and Wales. Those found to be travelling


at more than 50 mph in a 30 limit could be hit with a penalty


of up to ?1000. are being issued to magistrates


by the Sentencing Council. It follows concerns


by road-safety campaigners. Our correspondent


Daniel Boettcher has more. Thousands of motorists are fined


for speeding every year, and the penalties already vary


depending on how bad but under changes


to sentencing guidelines, exceeding the limit


by a large margin Magistrates will set a sentence


from a starting point that's up from the current


starting point of 100%. The increase will apply to those


cases judged to be the most serious, and that means on motorways,


where the speed limit is 70, In a 20 zone,


it would apply after 41 mph. There is, though, as now,


and other limit for fines - ?2500 on motorways and ?1000


on all other roads. The changes have been welcomed


by safety campaigners The prospect of higher fines


may change behaviours. What it will do is act


as a deterrent, potentially, but what we also need is


effective enforcement on our roads, and we have fewer


road-traffic police officers The tougher penalties


are part of broader guidelines set out by


the Sentencing Council for magistrates


in England and Wales. These guidelines were last updated


in 2008, and while there are significant changes


for motorists caught speeding, they also cover a whole range


of other offences That includes the non-payment


of the TV licence fee. There'll be a new option


for magistrates for cases judged to be at


the lowest level of offending. The Sentencing Council


says the changes should help magistrates sentence


fairly and proportionately. They're very important


to ensure consistency, so whether you're in Hackney


or Halifax, you'll have the same


approach, the same starting point, the same range being looked


at for a similar offence. The changes for speeding


and the other offences covered by the new guidelines will be


brought in towards the end of April. A barrister defending


the veteran entertainer Rolf Harris has told Southwark Crown Court


that the jury in his first trial in 2014 got it wrong when they found


him guilty of indecent assault. The 86-year-old,


who's pleaded not guilty, is being tried on seven charges


of indecent assault and one of sexual assault against


seven victims between 1971 and 2004. Our correspondent Dan Johnson


is at Southwark Crown Court. Yes, this was the day when Rolf


Harris' defence team started putting the case on his behalf, but we were


told we will not hear from Rolf Harris himself, his defence


barrister saying that his memory isn't good enough to recount events


30 or 40 years ago. He told the jury, if the defendant can say no


more micro to Uihlein, I cannot remember being there, the evidential


importance is quite weak. -- can say no more to you. They have been


picking up hard evidence given when he was convicted previously, and a


number of witnesses have been saying that they could not remember him


being at a community centre in Portsmouth where he was convicted of


assaulting an 18-year-old girl, questioning his previous convictions


and whether the prosecution can rely on those convictions to show a


pattern of defending in this trial as well. His defence barrister said,


in short, we say the jury got it wrong in the first trial, we have


enormous faith in the system, but it is not infallible. Well, Rolf


Harris, appearing via video link, denies the seven counts of indecent


assault. Dan, thank you.


Thousands of migrants, including children on their own,


are sleeping rough in the Serbian capital, Belgrade,


Some of the children are as young as eight.


The Serbian government says many are refusing shelter


Our Europe correspondent Gavin Lee sent this report.


This is how migrants are living in the Serbian capital, Belgrade -


sleeping rough with temperatures dropping as low


But the people here have a choice - the Serbian government says


warmth and food is available in official shelters.


But many fear deportation and keep trying instead


to cross illegally into Hungary and on to other EU countries.


6,000 migrants are housed in official centres across the country,


waiting for a chance to be among 20 people a day


On the Belgrade streets, eight-year-old Aziz is alone,


his brother detained on the Croatian border.


I mean, Aziz, you don't sound well - is he OK?


Yeah, he's OK, he has a little problem of flu,


he have a flu and chest problems, cough problems.


He would at least be, like, safe and warm...


Extremely ill, we alert aid workers to Aziz's case,


We've seen, over the last few days, children that are eight, nine, ten.


I was speaking to a 12-year-old Afghan boy yesterday


in this warehouse that's been here for three months.


He's waiting for a call from a smuggler,


because he thinks that's his best option.


With older migrants looking out for him, saying their chance


of crossing the border is greater with him in tow,


two days on, Aziz is still sleeping rough in the warehouse


where there are dozens of other unaccompanied children.


The head of BT Europe is to resign over an accounting scandal in Italy


that will dent the parent company's profits.


Well, with me is our business editor, Simon Jack.


Shares in the company have fallen sharply, what is going on? Really


sharply, down 20%, the worst day they have had since they were


privatised, and that is bad news for the 1 million small shareholders who


still own shares since then. This has been an Italian accounting


scandal, they thought it was going to cost ?140 million. Now they think


it is to cost ?500 million, and the head of BT Europe will be out of


post, let me put it this way, by later this afternoon, I am told.


Believe it or not, it is not the worst of their problems, they also


said that their revenue from their biggest customers, those are public


sector bodies, big international customers, which stomach will be


much weaker than they thought, and that is what investors even more.


What be blasting to me is that when a coming as big as BT says it's


biggest customers have stopped spending money, it can be a bad sign


for the economy. -- what people are saying to me is that when a company


as big as BT. It is a bit of a canary in a coal mine.


Bernie Ecclestone's 40-year reign as the head of Formula One is over,


after it was sold to a company called Liberty Media


Mr Ecclestone, who's 86, said he'd been forced out.


Our sports correspondent Andy Swiss reports.


He's the former used-car salesman who came to rule


But for Bernie Ecclestone, it's finally the end of the road.


Over 40 years, he turned Formula One from a niche interest


into a multi-billion pound powerhouse.


But now it has new owners - American company Liberty Media.


They believe the sport can promote itself better,


and so they put a new man, Chase Carey, in the driving seat.


I would expect this is difficult for Bernie,


it's a big change for him, he's run the sport,


he's run the sport as a one-man...


he's run it as a one-man dictator for a long time.


I think the sport needs a fresh perspective.


Tough and uncompromising, Ecclestone's business brain


brought him famous friends and huge personal fortune,


but it's also brought controversy.


Off the track, he had to settle a bribery case in Germany,


while on it his decisions have raised eyebrows - taking races


to countries like Bahrain, with questionable human rights


records, tinkering with the rules, and skewing prize money


After so long in power, many feel a change in direction is overdue.


I think the most important thing is getting back


to the basics of outright racing, engaging with the fans,


engaging with the public, and perhaps de-complicating the cars


a little, and going back to man and machine


Ecclestone will still have an advisory role, but a man


so used to being the puppet master is no longer pulling the strings.


At 86, his reign is over, and Formula One, indeed sport,


will surely never see his like again.


A signature on a cheque from Charles Dickens,


a lock of hair from the Duke of Wellington,


a postcard from the great train robbers


They're just part of a huge collection of autographs,


letters and historic documents that are going under the hammer today.


Our correspondent Duncan Kennedy reports.


Which Royal do you think this is? Does this help? How about this


writer? And does this help? This ruler is probably more recognisable,


but what about this? In fact, they are Queen Victoria, Rudyard Kipling


and Napoleon, but it is their signatures, not their faces, that


often travel better through history. They are part of a unique single


collection of 1000 signatures being auctioned today. There is the mark


of everyone from mad King George III to the Duke of Wellington, and from


Gordon of Khartoum to Ronnie Biggs, the great train robber. Some of the


signatures are connected, like these three men, who all took part in the


charge of the light Brigade in 1854. There is Lord Lucan, who gave the


order, the Earl of Cardigan, who led the charge, and Private William


Bird, one of the 600 who survived. ... Daisy, Daisy... #


You might not recognise Francis Warwick, the mistress of the future


Edward VII, who inspired the song. Others speak for themselves. That is


one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind. It was the late


John Evans, a post-war British magician who conjured up this


collection, but in a world where signatures seem to be giving way to


selfies, is the intimacy of handwritten names being lost?


Collecting signatures in days gone by, and I think it will continue, is


on a park with selfies today. What we do today with selfies is only the


same as collecting a bit of excitement decades or centuries ago.


Today's auction in Worthing attracted local and international


buyers. Neil Armstrong's signature went for ?2500. Ronnie Biggs' 564.


There is still money in a moniker, especially from those fashioned by


the hand of history. Duncan Kennedy, BBC News, in Worthing.


Time now for a look at the weather with Chris Fawkes, lots more fog


around today. Yes, once again causing problems for


the airport in south-east England, and in the Wembley area, rather


foggy conditions, the sun just trying to peep through the low


cloud. There is Wembley, out in the fog banks, sunshine across good part


of England, cloudy and to the north-west, a beautiful to the


morning in Staffordshire. Temperatures overnight dropped like


a stone to leave icy conditions, a pewter. Still today. -- a beautiful


view. A few fog patches linger on to the Vale of York and the Salisbury


Plains, cloudy for Wales and north-west England. Damp weather


getting into Scotland. Northern Ireland should stay dry, and for the


north of Scotland, sunny spells, both having relatively mild weather,


10-11d. Overnight and night, risk Atlantic winds over the north and


west of the UK will keep the frost and fog at bay across the north-west


of the country. Indeed, a mild night here, ten or 11 degrees in the


mildest spots. Cold air in central and eastern England, and again we


will see a sharp overnight frost forming. Temperatures probably as


low as minus four degrees Celsius, so again some icy stretches on


untreated roads, and the fog will be back again, particularly across


south-east England and East Anglia. There is a risk of further


disruption. It will clear through the morning as low cloud comes in


from the near continent, bringing drizzle, even snow is possible,


don't be surprised by a bit of wintriness. Sunshine into Wales and


north-west England, cloudy for Northern Ireland and western


Scotland, mild weather in the West, ten or 11 degrees. Through Thursday,


we started to squeeze the isobars closer together across the UK, so


although the weather should stay largely dry, the winds will be a


major feature through Thursday, and quite a cloudy start to the day, but


things should brighten up with sunny spells coming through. Temperatures,


we are looking at highs of 5 degrees or so in London, but feeling


significantly colder in the wind, feeling below freezing for some.


Things will change towards the end of the week and on into the weekend.


We will see the temperatures generally rising, and in London by


Saturday temperatures up to 10 degrees.


A reminder of our main story this lunchtime.


The Government loses its appeal at the Supreme Court -


now only Parliament has the power to trigger the Brexit process.


That's all from the BBC News at One, so it's goodbye from me,


and on BBC One we now join the BBC's news teams where you are.


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