27/01/2017 BBC News at One


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Theresa May is to become the first foreign leader to meet Donald Trump,


hoping to open the way to a trade deal after Brexit.


But will, in Mrs May's words, opposites attract, after President


Trump's controversial support for waterboarding?


We'll be live in Washington and in Westminster asking what each


side hopes to achieve in this crucial first meeting.


Plans to ration knee and hip surgery in Worcestershire


to save money are described as alarming by surgeons.


Tesco's share price has risen sharply after the supermarket


chain said it was buying the food wholesaler Booker.


Six years in jail for the former judge and his assistant


who defrauded their firm out of hundreds of thousands of pounds.


And could Rafa Nadal be the latest comeback kid -


as he fights for a place in the men's Grand Slam


Coming up in the sport on BBC News, Anthony Joshua's title fight


against Vladimir Klitschko at Wembley in April will be watched


by the biggest post-war British boxing crowd of 90,000.


Good afternoon and welcome to the BBC News at One.


Theresa May is preparing to meet Donald Trump in the White House


in a few hours' time - the first foreign leader to visit


Global security and a trade deal after Brexit are likely


In a speech to US Republicans last night, Mrs May said the UK


and America could not return to failed military interventions


Her visit comes amid ongoing controversy over President Trump's


support for the waterboarding of terror suspects and his war


of words with Mexico over the building of a border wall.


Here's our correspondent Richard Lister.


She will hope the blustery conditions aren't a portent for the


meeting to come. Washington has rolled out the red carpet for


Theresa May but the Prime Minister will have to tread carefully with a


controversial President who is used to getting his own way. Her priority


is to lay the groundwork for a trade deal with the US to counterbalance


Britain's departure from the EU. On the key side in Liverpool cars


bound for the United States and construction equipment too.


President Trump has promised a building boom and Britain wants a


part of that. For us as a company if we can get a slice of that we can


export the goods that he needs to carry on with that construction he


is looking at. Britain's trading relationship with


the United States is already a healthy one. The value of our


exports to the US is ?45 billion. That's a fifth of UK global exports


and we sell them more than we buy with imports totalling 35 billion,


we export more to the US than we do to any other country. But we are


only America's fifth biggest market. We need them more than they need us.


In his first week as President, Donald Trump has said repeatedly his


strategy will be buy American, hire American. And although he wants


bilateral trade deals they'll come with conditions attached. We want to


deal with the ones that treat us well and finance they don't treat us


well we terminate for give them a notice and if they want to negotiate


we get a better deal. Until we leave the EU only Brussels can make UK


trade deals. The Chancellor's there today and he accepted Britain's


hands are currently tied. We will continue to abide by the rules and


regulations and laws of the European Union for so long as we are members.


Of course we want to strengthen our trade ties with the very many trade


partners we have around the world but we are mindful of our


obligations anned the treaty and we will follow them precisely. For now,


the key players in Europe are wary of what MrTrump has to offer.


TRANSLATION: Let's speak frankly, there are challenges that the US


administration poses to our trade rules. So we of course have to talk


to Donald Trump, he was elected. But we also have to promote our interest


and values as Europeans. Back in Liverpool, this golden eagle


marks the US kons lat established here in 1790. A reminder of


long-standing Anglo American trade ties. Today, it's a French


restaurant. That's a reminder the relationship can't be taken for


granted. The assumption that everything will be fine with British


trade is assuming that the Trump and his administration are rationale


actors, they'll behave rationally but they might not. The picture may


become clearer later today. In a moment we'll get


the latest from Westminster, but first to Washington


and our correspondent Theresa May is the first foreign


leader to visit, does this mean that the special relationship does count


for something there? Well, I just asked Donald Trump's spokeswoman


that question and she said it's as important to America as to Britain,


she said Donald Trump would use this meeting to assure MrsMay of that and


she made the comparison with Brexit and his election, she said both


leaders have been propelled into power and leadership by a populous


wave that was to shake up establishment institutions, but,


frankly, it's obvious that there is much more at stake here from MrsMay


than MrTrump because Britain's other strategic relationship with the


European Union is in flux, she can't afford to have this relationship


look like it's getting weaker. She needs to show it's getting stronger,


to demonstrate that Britain has options outside of the EU. Whatever


MrTrump might say about similarities, he is quite different


in the sense that he is a protectionist, he is a hard


nationalist and MrsMay is not. She's already tried to encourage him not


to turn his back on the world. I think she will continue that today.


Then the question of how much she wants a personal special


relationship with this man who is criticised even reviled in Britain


for his positions from everything from Muslims and women, to torture.


So, that news conference later today will be an important test of how


she's going to handle this relationship.


And what has MrsMay got to do to come away from feeling this first


meeting was a success, Carole? Well, I think the Prime Minister will want


to establish that personal relationship, a rapport with the new


American President. She will want to build the basis for a future trade


deal. She will want to, frankly, navigate her way through this mine


field of different areas where she and the American President


profoundly disagree. As you heard there, they are two very different


characters but on the plane on the way over Theresa May said, well,


sometimes opposites can attract. I think she will want to look to


economic ties, to build on President trump's offer to put Britain at the


front of the queue when it comes to a future bilaterial trade deal, then


you come to these difficult contentious issues, torture,


President trump has said he would be prepared to allow waterboarding in


the fight against terrorism although some senior figures in his team


disagree. Theresa May has said that would cause huge problems for future


co-operation on defence and intelligence. It will be a real test


of Theresa May's diplomatic skills, whether she can build that personal


relationship without appearing too much to pander to a man with such


contentious views so she would face a backlash when she gets home. Thank


you both very much. You can see full coverage of that


visit to Washington on the BBC News channel, including that news


conference with Donald Trump which is expected around 6pm.


The Royal College of Surgeons says plans to cut knee and hip


replacement operations in Worcestershire are alarming.


Three commissioning groups in the county say


very obese patients - and those who are in


only moderate pain - will not qualify for the surgery.


They say the plan will save ?2 million a year,


and bring them into line with other parts of the country.


Here's our health correspondent Robert Pigott.


At five feet ten inches and weighing a little over 18 stone, Gordon from


Worcestershire can no longer expect swift access to the second hip


replacement he needs. The pain from his osteoarthritis wakes him up at


night and his mobility is badly compromised. But new restrictions on


surgery mean he would have to lose 10% of his weight before he could


qualify for surgery. It's a very sharp pain, very sharp pain. It's


not an ache. It's very, very sharp. Turn over in bed... I haven't really


been fully fit in terms of being able to walk properly, or go for a


walk, pre-2013. It would dramatically change my life.


More than 50 years on since the first operation, this revolutionary


procedure is widely rationed. The clinical commissions groups in


some areas will exclude from hip and knee replacement patients who rank


as more bid le obese or those whose pain is not sufficiently severe to


interfere with daily life. The Royal College of Surgeons says the


restrictions are not clinically justified and will often be a false


economy. The patient continues to be in pain, needs painkillers and


physiotherapy, he may be unable to work. By waiting the operation may


indeed become more difficult when he eventually gets it. The clinical


commissions groups said they were bringing Worcestershire into line


with what others do. They said if a patient feels they require this


surgery but do not meet the criteria, there is a clear appeal


system. Several other commissions groups in


England, including in Harrogate, the Vale of York and Kent are imposing


similar restrictions on non-emergency surgery. Demand for


hip and knee replacements is growing with an ageing population but the


money to pay for them is increasingly scarce.


The families of four people who were killed by a runaway


tipper-truck in Bath have been describing the impact the accident


Four people died when they were hit by a lorry,


The owner of the haulage company, Matthew Gordon, and a mechanic,


Peter Wood, were convicted of manslaughter last year


Jon Kay reports from Bristol Crown Court.


These four families sitting together in the courtroom here holding hands,


supporting one another, taking it in turns each to read out victim impact


statements and some of the words extremely moving, difficult to


listen to some of them, very emotional, very honest. In the dock


a few feet away the two men who were convicted of manslaughter just


before Christmas, Matthew Gordon and Peter Wood who will be sentenced


this afternoon. They all lost their lives


in a matter of seconds. Four-year-old Mitzi Steady,


chauffeur Steve Vaughan and businessman Philip Allen


and Robert Parker, killed by a 32-ton truck, its brakes had


failed while coming down a steep Just before Christmas,


these men were found guilty on four On the left, Matthew Gordon, who ran


the Grittenham Haulage company. On the right, Peter Wood,


a mechanic whose job Pictures of the vehicle's brakes


were shown in court. The jury was told they


were badly worn, rusty, The trial heard the company


was a shambles, failing to carry out Today, relatives of those


who were killed have told the court The mother of Mitzi Steady


said her family is bereft and she finds it a struggle to go


on without Mitzi's laughter Mitzi's grandmother, who was also


hit by the truck, needed to have She described the physical


and emotional pain she's been left with, saying life


has changed completely. The wife of Steve Vaughan told


the court about the moment she went She said as she held him she played


songs they had only recently At the end of the trial she told me


about the void now in her life. We were only married for six months


and especially having to spend your first wedding


anniversary alone was just so far removed from the one


that we had planned. It's just been


absolutely horrendous. The widow of Phil Allen said she had


been robbed of her soulmate in an horrific accident that should


never have happened. She said those responsible had


shown a total disregard And Robert Parker's widow said


she had thought of nothing else since the moment he was killed


by the runaway truck. She said the wreckless actions


of mothers means her life She said the wreckless actions


of others means her life Matthew Gordon, who ran that haulage


company will be sentenced this afternoon. He had said during the


original trial last year that he was dyslexic and that caused him


problems in running the company. But perhaps one of the most poignant


moments was when Shaun Vaughan who you heard speaking in that report,


looked him in the eye talking about the death of her husband and said I


am dyslexic too but I have never made that an excuse for many of my


actions. Matthew Gordon and Peter Wood sentenced here this afternoon.


A former judge and his assistant have been jailed for six years


for defrauding their own law firm out of more than ?600,000.


The pair syphoned off the money to pay for a lavish lifestyle.


Let's speak to our our correspondent Dan Johnson who's


Tell us more about the details of what they did. Well, homes, holidays


to Barbados, a Range Rover, even a log cabin with a hot tub, some of


the luxuries bought with this money Simon Kenny and Emma Coates took


from their own law firm in Sussex. The judge said that they had used


the firm as their own personal piggy bank. This began as a way of


propping up the firm, of keep solvent, it extended to treating the


solicitor and his assistant who he was having an affair with at the


time, the judge said that Emma Coates was drawn to excess and


extravagance and if there was money there for the taking she took it.


The judge said it was difficult to imagine a more spectacular breach of


trust. One theft involved ?85,000 being taken from the will of an


elderly woman. They told colleagues in the law firm they were moving the


money offshore because of the banking crisis, to keep it safe. One


particularly sad aspect of this case has been that the company accountant


belatedly realised what was going on and he had been duped by the pair,


he then took his own life. The judge in sentencing the pair said they


would to deal with that for the rest of their lives. There is a third


employee called Steven Heis man yet to be sentenced for his part in this


fraud and the deputy district judge that Simon Kenny was in his previous


life and a solicitor, the judge said that meant that he had brought shame


on the entire legalal -- legal profession. He has had to be kept in


special protection at the jail because word got around about what


he used to do. Thank you. Theresa May is preparing


to meet Donald Trump, the first world leader to meet


the new president. The profoundly deaf boy whose


family escaped Iraq, Coming up in the sport at 130 can


Rafa Nadal reaches first grand slam final since 2014 comment he faces


Grigor Dimitrov in the last four at the Australian Open, Roger Federer


awaits the winner. Tesco, the UK's largest retailer,


has agreed to buy Britain's largest food wholesaler -


Booker - in a deal worth It would mean Tesco


gaining a massive share in supplying restaurants,


pubs, and convenience News of the deal sent shares


soaring in both companies. Here's our business


correspondent, Emma Simpson. Tesco already has the lion's share


of the UK's grocery business. Now it has its sights on serving even more


customers. It has struck a deal to buy Booker. You may not have heard


of it but this Wholesalers applies thousands of pubs, restaurants,


caterers and corner shops. This market is growing faster than


selling groceries in supermarkets and Tesco wants a slice of it. What


we do see is... The two company bosses side-by-side for a


webcast this morning to explain why the surprise ?3.7 billion deal makes


sense. The ability to improve the core offer of both the retail


operation but also the Independent and small business operation that


Charles is currently serves is definitely going to drive growth,


better choice, better range, better value, better price. What will the


wider impact be? Booker does not only is convenience stores but they


own the brands and they supply the goods to the independent retailers


who run them. Tesco has 10% of the convenience food market today in our


estimates, Booker has a similar share, probably bigger of the


convenience markets and Tesco supplying both will make it a bigger


force in convenience retail. That may prompt some concerns including


from the competition authorities who are likely to scrutinise this deal.


If approved it is a big bold deal by Tesco extending its already


formidable reach. Emma Simpson, BBC News.


The Church of England should not change its teaching on marriage


as "the lifelong union of one man and one woman," according


to the House of Bishops, which forms part of the General


It said there was "little support" for same-sex


marriage inside the Church, but urged a "fresh tone...of


welcome and support" for lesbian and gay people.


It acknowledged its findings could cause


Here's our Religious Affairs Correspondent Martin Bashir.


ancient institution three years of so-called shared conversations about


same-sex relationships were not expected to radically altered church


doctrine and today's report from the house of Bishops lands on the status


quo, that marriage is a lifelong union between a man and a woman. The


bishop who led the working group says that while the doctrine does


not change, the Church must adapt its tone. It is not against the


impact of cultural change. We uphold the authority of Scripture, the


tradition of the Church in common with the fast and overwhelming


majority of churches around the world. But what we want to do is


engage with the culture of which we are apart, and that has changed


radically. Lesbian and gay members of the church are disappointed,


accusing the bishops to do nothing to acknowledge the sanctity of


lesbian, Gay, bisexual and transgender relationships. No change


in the doctrine of marriage, a little warmth, a little


tilt in the direction of great inclusion but we are a long way from


that yet. I think that's what most people expected, a classic Anglican


fudge, a sideways step and emerging to a different patch of the long


grass perhaps. Conservative evangelicals have expressed relief


that the bishops of uphold the authority of Scripture against the


impact of cultural change. I want the church to stand with the


teaching of Jesus and my understanding is that Jesus taught


clearly that successful marriage and marriages a man and a woman so I


want the church to continue to teach what Jesus taught on that issue,


find ways of commending that living be to the world around us. This


report will be debated at General Synod which begins in just over two


weeks' time. Martin Bashir, BBC News, Church house in London.


There's been a big increase in the number of people


The figures for England and Wales show there were more


than 90-thousand insolvencies last year, an increase of more than 13


Our Personal Finance Correspondent Simon Gompertz is with me.


Figures tell us that people are putting more on their credit cards,


personal loans, overdrafts, there is a feeling that is fuelling the


shopping boom at the moment, perhaps not sustainably. It could be one


reason, something that the governor of the Bank of England has warned we


be vigilant about, if people get into serious debt and the result is


formal insolvency, those are the figures, 91,000 in the last year, a


rise of 13%, as he said. And within that this 23% rise in what are


called individual voluntary arrangements, which are the most


flexible form. So a lot of people are moving into that. On the other


hand, though, it went to a low after the recession which followed the


financial crisis and we are still about 30% below the numbers of that


time. So it's not the worst it's been. Also bankruptcy,


debt relief orders and other arrangements, they have all become


easier to do and debt advisers have been pushing people in those


directions so some of it could be not as much people getting into debt


but people doing something about it, which is not necessarily a bad


thing. Simon, thank you. The Hamadamin family fled Iraq


in 2015 because they were afraid their profoundly deaf son would be


killed by so-called Islamic State. He's now at a British school,


learning sign language. But the family are facing


deportation to Germany, because they entered


the UK illegally. He had a cochlear implant


fitted when he was Now, for the first time he's able


to communicate how he After learning it here


at the Royal School for the Deaf in He's had to go right back


from scratch, learning English, to learn to read and to write and then


learn sign language as well and he's gone from reading nothing


to being of an age four. The family fled Iraq


after so-called Islamic State threatened to kill


disabled children. They then spent one year living


in a camp in Germany before making their way to France and then


to England on the back of a lorry. TRANSLATION: My life and my family's


lives were in danger so we had no other option but to leave Iraq


and travel to Europe. So when you see your son


communicating so fluently now in sign language how


does that make you feel? TRANSLATION: I'm happy that my child


is making progress in Whatever I can do I will do it


for him and I feel ecstatic when I see he has


progressed so dramatically. They were going to be sent back


to Germany last week. Ministers had argued they should


apply for asylum in the first European country they had entered


but at the last minute, their manner that they wish to do


so, to go to Germany in another language would be


detrimental to his progress. The Home Office says


the family has an existing asylum claim


in Germany, so it is only right, they say,


their claim is considered


by the German authorities. Now Lawand's future lies


in the hands of a High Court judge A 900-year-old skeleton found


in Hampshire has revealed important Researchers say the


remains of the man, thought to be a religious pilgrim,


were excavated at a burial Scientific detective work suggests


he caught the highly-contagious skin disease on his travels to a shrine


in Spain and brought it Many survivors of genocide


are still facing discrimination because of their religion


or ethnicity, according to research Across the world, there've been


ceremonies to remember the millions of people who died


in the Second World War, Our correspondent Holly Hamilton


went to meet one survivor The door opened, three


German soldiers came in. He took out his revolver


and put it to my head. And people ask me,


what does it feel like This wasn't the first


time Gabor Lacko came This was all around


us, all the time. Nothing was surprising,


we were prepared for everything. It's made from bits


and pieces of material His first yellow star,


worn to identify him as a Jew, was A piece of history he


has kept to this day. The first day I was wearing


it, I had a medical At the top of the road,


a lady who saw me trying to hide it Like many survivors Gabor waited for


more than 20 years before talking about his experiences, motivated by


a desire to help people I don't think young people


appreciate how lucky they are. They worry about their mobile


telephone, and their game consoles. They don't know what problems


are, they don't know what it is when bombs fall


from the sky and you don't know if you'll


survive it and an occupying It wasn't until 1956 that Gabor


decided to move to England. In those days people


looked at refugees with different eyes,


and they tried to make us welcome. I started a new life


and I got on with it. With friends who went


through the same. Whatever is the conversation,


after a while, it always It's been a week of comebacks


at the Australian Open this week. The Williams sisters will meet each


other in the women's final. Roger Federer is through to


the men's final, and he could be facing his old rival,


Rafa Nadal. So would it be another day to roll


back the years? At 30, Rafael Nadal's pomp, like Roger Federer's,


seemed to have passed, yet now an almost fantasy final between them


back and if Nadal could beat Dimitrov. The Spaniard had only


recently returned from a wrist injury. You would scarcely have


guessed it. Nadal cruised through first set but his opponent, once


nicknamed Baby Fed, played like the grown-up version. The fans seemed to


prefer Dimitrov, but Nadal held his nerve urging a third set tie-break.


But Grigor Dimitrov was far from done. Another tie-break and this


time he took it, dragging an hour marathon match into a decider.


Earlier in Melbourne that had been British success in the wheelchair


doubles, Gordon Reid's victory alongside his Belgian partner


meaning that he has now won all four grand slam titles but for


Nadal and Dimitrov the battle for Glory continues. After more than


four hours of enthralling drama a place in the final is still there is


for the taking. Andy says, BBC News. We've been freezing, this picture


says it all but things are about to change. It is not cold and grey


everywhere right now. We do have some sunshine but it will be


replaced by thick clouds coming off the ocean over the next few days.


That means temperatures will rise and even this evening if you take


the walk the temperatures won't be as low as they have been in the last


day or so. The clouds in the Atlantic are ready and


waiting to come our way and with this also we have much milder


conditions, compared to what we have had because it still won't be that


desperately warm, at least in the short-term. As far as this afternoon


is concerned those temperatures are still single figures, 7 degrees in


the South, still nippy in northern and central areas with freezing fog


although this evening and overnight that process begins where we


introduced that less cold air coming in off the ocean, it is a frost free


night across southern areas, in the north just about cold enough with


that rain, sleet and snow mixing in but as we head into Saturday morning


start to see that Atlantic weather is so we are pushing in that was


Yannick air those temperatures touched that OC Alnwick air. It


won't feel anywhere near as dry and better as it has done. This is the


scene around midday, eastern areas still cloudy, going through that


transition into the milder air, western areas already in the


sunshine but also some showers coming in.


So not a desperately mild stay on the way tomorrow but better if you


don't like the cold. And through Saturday night that process


continues, those winds off the Atlantic bringing in milder air with


showers. Sadly we must pay for it because we want get the milder air


for nothing. It means weather fronts coming in,


temperatures are already reaching double figures in some of these


southern areas, in the North still frost, still crispy but on balance


not that bad. As we go through Monday and into next week it looks


as if these weather fronts and this Atlantic air will be winning, it's


all about the double figures. Those double figures is what many of us


care about because it will feel much less cold.


A reminder of our main story this lunchtime.


Theresa May is preparing to meet Donald Trump, the first


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