10/03/2017 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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Plans for more cuts get the cold shoulder from head teachers. They


say a funding crisis is forcing them to increase class sizes and cut


courses. We will be live at the head teachers' conference in Birmingham.


Also... EU leaders meet in Brussels -


without Theresa May - in what's billed as the last


European summit before Brexit BT bows to demands to run a legally


separate broadband operation, British Cycling admits not giving


enough care to staff and athletes after ongoing claims


of sexism and bullying. A new study aims to tell us


about our musical tastes And coming up in the sport on BBC


News, Owen Farrell remains a doubt for England's Six Nations match


against Scotland tomorrow, but they have until an hour before


kick-off to make a decision. Good afternoon and welcome


to the BBC News at One. Schools in England are being forced


to cut GCSE and A-level courses in an effort to balance the books,


according to a head teachers' union. The Association of Scool and College


Leaders has warned that budget pressures are causing them to cancel


things like school trips. They have said budget constraints are driving


up class sizes. Let's go to our education


correspondent Gillian Hargreaves, who's at the conference


in Birmingham. Between now and Easter there will be


a number of teaching union conferences, this morning, head


teachers in Birmingham. Justine Greening could have been left in no


doubt about how strong their grievances are.


Peter Woodman at the wheeled school might be a head teacher, but he


still likes to work at the chalk face, partly because he enjoys it am


partly because it saves money. The only reason we can't survive as we


are carrying forward money from last year, if the Government stick to


their pledges at the cash flow and budget, we will be making two cuts


to around ?70,000 every year, year on year.


Peter is one of dozens in heads in southern England who wrote to


parents, informing them of the impact.


In a poll, almost three quarters of members of this union said they had


had to cut GCSE or vocational courses in the last 12 months.


The most common web design and technology, performing arts, music


and German and many teachers reported bigger class sizes to save


money. Head teachers gathered in Birmingham


this morning for the first of a series of teachers' conferences, the


conversation dominated by cuts. It is the first time Education


Secretary Justine Greening has laid out the Government's case in how


schools should operate in these straitened times.


Education Secretary Justine Greening has halted -- told head teachers


that well there is no one money she will do her utmost to help them ease


their way through the worst financial pressures in schools for


20 years. It is really annoying to find


Government constantly saying funding has never been higher, yes, because


we have more students and because of inflation. We have an 8% cuts and


are expected to continue delivering quality.


How difficult is it? Like many schools across the country, we are


all struggling to make ends meet. It is absolutely dire, we are having


to make cuts to the curriculum and it is untenable.


The Government points out that class sizes are at the lowest level for a


decade and ?40 billion is being spent on schools in England this


year, the highest cash figure ever. Now, this afternoon the new Chief


inspector of schools for England, Amanda Spielman, will get up and


make a speech to head teachers in which she says some schools are


quite deliberately narrowing the range of subjects they are teaching


and moving difficult pupils out of their schools to help them write up


school league tables. Again, I suspect that will not go down well


at all with some head teachers. Downing Street says it is confident


it will meet its own deadline of the end of March for triggering


the start of Britain's departure It comes as EU leaders met


in Brussels to shore up unity Let's cross to Brussels and our


Europe correspondent, Ben Wright. Well, European leaders are just


leaving the summit now, having spent the morning talking about the EU's


priorities, mapping out its future, a feature that will not include


Britain. While the formal divorce Brexit talks have not started yet,


there is a feeling that the separation has already begun.


This is not quite as usual this morning as 27 EU heads of Government


gathered without Britain Daesh business not quite as usual. Within


weeks, the UK will start to unpick a decades long relationship with the


EU and try to build a new one. Everyone expects the divorce to be


difficulty. A crucial player on the EU side will be Donald Tusk,


re-elected yesterday as President of the European Council, which


represents EU leaders. In a fortnight, EU leaders will meet


in Italy to celebrate 60 years since the signing of the Treaty of Rome, a


foundation stone of the European unit.


At Brexit will no doubt overshadow the party. Theresa May, who left the


summit last night, insists she will trigger the starter Brexit by the


end of the month and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has been


clear about the future cost of access to EU markets.


It is not reasonable, I don't think, for the UK, having left the EU, to


continue to make vast budget payments. I think everybody


understands that and that is the reality.


From the other side of the negotiation, an idea from the senior


MEP who was not a negotiator but will represent the European


Parliament during Brexit. He says there could be some way for UK


citizens who wanted to retain their EU identity.


Many UK citizens say I want to continue to have my European


citizenship, I think we need to examine what type of special


arrangement we can make for these individual citizens who want to


continue to have a relationship with the European Union.


But how that might work in practice is anyone's guess. We are on the


brink of negotiations that have never been attempted before. The


risks for both sides are high. Now, EU leaders desperately did not


want Brexit to happen, but now it is going to they are keen to get on


with it and there is a real sense of the phoney war phase of this coming


to an end. Theresa May has said for a long time she intends to get the


best deal for Britain, EU leaders and people within the institutions


have insisted they will get a really good deal for the EU, crucially one


serving as a warning to EU countries who might think about leaving in the


future. But the next time Theresa May is here, the rhetoric around


Brexit will have been replaced by the reality of tough negotiations.


Thank you, Ben Wright. The row continues over


the Government's plans to increase National Insurance contributions


for some self-employed people. Labour has accused the Government


of a partial U-turn after the Prime Minister said MPs


won't vote on the plan Let's speak to our political


correspondent, Iain Watson. He is at Westminster for us. Has the


Prime Minister blinked here? Yes, she has. She is not closing her rise


to the concerns of her own Conservative MPs, but it is not


clear how far she will change your view. -- she is not closing her


eyes. Because this boat will now be in the autumn, to bring in these


measures, it will be after a review into working practices have been


published -- because this bowled. It is likely to recommend more rights


for the self-employed, such as rights to maternity and paternity


leave, so the Government can argue from the autumn that the


self-employed are getting more value for money from the National


Insurance rise. What they might do, I have spoken to potential


Conservative rebels and they say the Government to be more radical, to


draw a clear distinction between the genuinely self-employed and those


who worked just one company, such as a career company. They say that


latter category should be hit with higher National Insurance but in


return for full climate rights and perhaps the chance that they could


find a little bit of time and space to ease the pain on the genuinely


help -- self-employed such as hairdressers and plumbers. At every


Conservative MP I have spoken to has said, of the record at least, that


the Government should be more upfront about the fact that it had


broken a manifesto pledge to some workers and explains why. They say


they are not sure that a relatively small financial gain, ultimately, is


worth all of this extended political pain. Thank you.


BT has agreed to set up a new company to run the UK's


national broadband network after being criticised


BT Openreach has been accused of looking after its own customers


at the expensive of rivals like Sky, TalkTalk and Vodafone.


Those companies welcomed the news, saying everyone's customers


Here's our technology correspondent Rory Cellan-Jones.


It's got a massive and vital task rolling out fast broadband across


the UK. Its critics say BT's Openreach has not been up to the


job, delivering poor service are not investing enough. After a long


battle, office-macro has said that Openreach should be separated from


BT. This is what customers have demanded. They have been concerned


that open reach is not performed well enough, broadband has not been


good enough and they see the greater independence as a greater means for


Openreach to operate with the telecoms industry at heart, not just


BT. This deal is meant to make Openreach much more independent. It


will have 32,000 employees working directly for it, there will be an


independent board in charge of what goes on and it will have its own


brand, the BT logo will disappear. BT had been accused of taking


profits from Openreach and spending them on sports rights, a charger


denies. The firm could have been ordered to sell the division


completely and seems content with today's deal.


We have listened to the criticisms from the general public, service


providers, politicians and the media and looked to address them. That is


what we are doing with the fundamental reforms today.


Around 90% of UK homes have access to fast broadband but the hope is


that the roll-out will accelerate and service will improve.


We hope these reforms will really lead to a big change by Openreach


and make them much more focused on delivering for their customers, but


also transformed this market so that we see more competition and


customers having much more choice about who they get their broadband


and phone services from. Even rivals like TalkTalk who had


once called for BT to be split up of welcome this more limited move, but


they are calling for Ofcom to make sure that open Reach -- Openreach


delivers on its promises. In South Korea, two people


have died in clashes between police and demonstrators


who were protesting at the removal from office of the President


by the country's highest court. Park Geun-hye was found


guilty of corruption But she's refusing to leave


the presidential palace, as our correspondent in Seoul,


Stephen Evans, now reports. The head of South Korea's highest


court says President Park committed It was against the constitution


and the trust of the people. Outside the court, pro-Park


protesters clashed with police. Two died, one apparently by falling


from the top of the bus The central allegation


is that the country's biggest companies paid money


to the President's best friend So top business leaders now face


awkward questions which may yet The police have been out in force


because feelings run so high. There will be a general


election in 60 days. One of the consequences of that may


be a move to the left. If the government here moved


to the left, there would be a different attitude


towards North Korea, Every Saturday night


for three months now, there have been huge demonstrations


against President Park. But what pushed her from office


was a Constitutional Court finding her guilty of crime


in a country which has only been Stephen Evans, BBC


News, South Korea. A short time ago, Steve went out


into the streets of Seoul to gauge the atmosphere,


and sent this update. The centre of Seoul tonight feels


like a victory rally for the protesters who pushed


the president from power. There are also pro-Park people


who are nursing their wounds, President Park, ex-President Park,


rather, is in the presidential She emerges tomorrow as an ordinary


citizen and she may well face criminal charges and end


up behind bars. Steve Evans in Seoul.


British cycling has admitted not paying enough care and attention to


the welfare of staff and athletes. It was responding to the leak of the


draft report into its handling of allegations of discrimination


against Jess Varnish by Steve Sutton. David Ornstein is that the


National cycling Centre, tell us about what is in the document?


For almost one year this has been hanging over British Cycling,


Britain's most successful and well funded Olympic sport, like a dark


cloud. It started when Sprint cyclist Jess Varnish made


allegations of sexism and discrimination against the former


performance director Shane Sutton. That is before other riders and Stav


supported her, talking about a culture of fear and bullying. --


other riders and staff. A report into the culture of British Cycling


was commissioned, a leaked draft published in the Daily Mail backed


up many of the complaints, perhaps most damningly describing certain's


predecessor, Sir Dave Brailsford, as being untouchable. It said many


elite riders experienced trauma while with British Cycling and


confirmed that culture of fear. Today British Cycling issued a


statement disagreeing with the factual accuracy of some of the


points made in the report, but admitting to specific shortcomings


and a failure to address early warning signs of problems. It said a


39 point action plan for reform announced here last week was already


under way, while many of the key staff have since departed and been


replaced. For the first time no British Cycling and, perhaps,


British sport as a whole, have to address that difficult balance


between them no compromise approach that has brought so much success and


also a duty of care to athletes and Stav. Thank you.


Classes in England are going up, say headteachers.


And coming up in the sport at half-past: Ireland must win


in Wales tonight in the Six Nations to realistically keep


Anything less and they could open the door for England to wrap it up


It may be more than 60 years since the Great Smog of London,


but air pollution in the capital is again a huge issue.


It damages people's health and contributes towards thousands


All this week, the BBC has been highlighting the growing


As part of our 'So I Can Breathe' series, our correspondent


Graham Satchell has been looking at the changing conditions


in Britain's cities, and how to achieve cleaner air.


'London has been brought to a halt by dense smog,


The Great Smog of 1952, dramatised in the Netflix series The Crown.


'Be careful out there, it's a real pea-souper.'


Anne Goldsmith was eight in 1952 and remembers it well.


We could hardly see in front of us really, and when I got to school,


the handkerchief would be absolutely black.


'Special filtering masks are the latest weapons...'


It's now thought 12,000 people died in the Great Smog.


The enemy then - coal, used in factories and people's homes.


What followed the smog was the Clean Air Act of 1956.


It introduced smoke-control areas, where only smokeless


Fast-forward 60 years and the enemy now is nitrogen dioxide,


These are the engines that have been removed out


The local authority here in Birmingham has got funding


to replace the diesel engines in 65 taxis.


We removed 99% of the nox that the taxi was producing.


There are hundreds of taxis in Birmingham.


The Government's overall plan is to introduce so-called 'clean air


I will look at the evidence, and when the evidence comes


through as to where the key areas of pollution are, we will take


the action that is needed to address the need for clean air in the city.


Well, I'm afraid the Government's been hopeless.


Critics like Client Earth say what we need today


is a new Clean Air Act, and a scrappage scheme


You have to phase diesel vehicles off our roads.


But it would cost a fortune, wouldn't it?


Well, yeah, it's going to take time to do it, but we've got


Back in Lewisham, in London, Anne is meeting nine-year-old


We called it 'smog', and you couldn't see,


On days when pollution is bad, Amy and Eloise are kept


indoors at playtime, just as Anne was in 1952.


Sometimes, we have to stay inside because the air is bad.


More than 60 years on, air pollution is still damaging children's health,


A tennis coach is on trial, accused of causing child cruelty


as he coached his daughters to become tennis stars.


In one incident, John De'Viana from Essex, is said to have kicked


and punched one of his daughters after a tennis match.


Our correspondent, Helena Lee, is at Snaresbrook Crown Court.


Tell us more about what was said in court. This is the second day that


the defendant John De'Viana is giving evidence in his own trial. He


is accused of subjecting his two daughters, now 21 and 90, two years


of physical and mental abuse, in his desire to get them to become tennis


champions. The girls went on to become a successful junior tennis


player, but in court today, John De'Viana told the jury that it was


the decision of the girls to play tennis, that he had never forced


them. He was asked by his defence team, did you force Monaei, his


eldest daughter, to play? He said, no, that would be


counter-productive. He said, you cannot just force a child to play a


particular sport, especially when that child is progressing at a rapid


rate. The court also heard earlier how Mr De'Viana had written an


abusive notes on the back of match reports after the girls had played


tennis when it did not reach the standard that he wanted them to and


he was asked in the last moments in court why he used such language. He


replied, it was the only way I could vent my frustration as a coach. He


denies two charges of child cruelty in the case here at Snaresbrook


Crown Court, which continues. Thank you.


Rugby's Six Nations returns this weekend,


with England playing Scotland in the Calcutta Cup at Twickenham.


Scotland are after their first Triple Crown since 1990,


while England are aiming to equal New Zealand's record


We'll have more on that in a moment but, first, to Cardiff,


where Wales take on Ireland in a match the visitors have to win,


if they're to have any chance of securing their third title


Katherine Downes is at the Millennium Stadium.


-- the Principality Stadium. No pressure on Ireland! Yes, as you


say, the Six Nations returns after a couple of weeks away and this will


be the most pivotal weekend of the tournament so far because while the


Championship cannot be won this weekend, it can certainly be lost.


With still over six hours until kick-off at the Principality


Stadium, the city centre in Cardiff is buzzing with pre-match


excitement. Perhaps even pre-match nerves, particularly if you are an


Irish fan, Ireland come here knowing they must beat Wales tonight to keep


alive their chances of winning this year's Six Nations title. Welsh


hopes already disappointed after those back-to-back losses to both


England and Scotland. If Ireland win here tonight, they set up a final


weekend showdown against England and that could well end up being the


championship decider in a week's time. So let's look ahead to the


night, and both sides name an unchanged starting line-up. Not


surprisingly Ireland given the way they have played over the last


couple of weeks, but Wales have had strong criticism for making that


decision and some say it shows too much of a Conservative approach


under their interim coach, Rob Howley. Attitude aside, besides


equally matched in terms of experience. Ireland have 715


international caps in their side, Wales just one fewer, 714. Ireland


playing the way they have, Wales playing here at home in front of


those passionate home fans, it is set to be a fiery encounter when the


lights go down here at the Principality Stadium and this place


comes alive. You can watch the pre-match build-up from 7:30pm on


the match kicks off at 8:05pm also on BBC One. Thanks very much.


More now on England's match against a resurgent Scotland team


which has just reached its highest ever world rankings.


So it's a team which believes it can do what no Scottish side has


done for over 30 years - beat England at Twickenham.


Here's our sports correspondent, Joe Wilson.


South again to Twickenham, where Scotland do win,


Rugby union was strictly an amateur sport.


That really was one of the great Calcutta Cup tries!


Scotland winger Roger Baird worked in the grain industry then,


as he does now, and the spirit of '83 lingers.


I still see, you know, a lot of the guys that I played with.


So I think, yeah, you know, with a smaller nation,


you always feel up against it a wee bit, you know.


In adversity, you know, that maketh the man.


So, yeah, I think the spirit will be there in aplenty.


These days, England's rugby resources are unmatched, boasting


In Scotland, that figure's around 49,000.


This season, Scotland have already beaten Ireland and Wales.


If you can't go through your opponents, you can dodge round them.


Two chances, two scores, two tries for Scotland!


Vern, knowing your players as you do now, what is the key


asset which will enable you to win tonight?


And making sure that, um, we back each other up


and we keep our heads up the paddock and see what's coming.


Well, back in '83, power ballads were the rage.


It was only whispered here as the team left,


but if Scotland beat England here, they could win the Six Nations.


Whether it's pub music, summer festivals, or street buskers,


the UK is alive with the sound of live music.


But what does it tell us about our musical likes and dislikes?


Today, the UK is carrying out its first live music


Our Scotland correspondent, Lorna Gordon, has been taking


a look - and a listen - to the music scene in Glasgow.


Buskers on the streets of Glasgow, passionate about their music,


I love it and I do it every day, and it's a way I can play


with my friends and enjoy life with other people and share


From classical to contemporary, from concert halls to gigs in pubs,


In our cars, at home, on our phones, we listen to plenty of music.


Volunteers in six cities across the country are


We're asking them how many events they go to,


why they maybe go to an event, what's the main reasons


There are plenty of free performances to go to but, even so,


British consumers spend more on concert tickets than on physical


records, digital downloads and streaming combined.


And the organisers of this census say that even those who think that


silence is golden should care about the state of the


Music is a huge driver economically within the creative


industries which are, of course, a big export for the UK,


There's a lot of research to suggest that music is also important


for our health and well-being but, for me, music is really


important because it's part of what makes us human,


it's a fundamental part of being part of the human species.


Glasgow has a really active music scene.


There are 70 live music events in the 24-hour period this


census is taking place, but here and across the UK, the live


Some iconic locations where famous groups honed their acts have closed


Some smaller, more intimate, venues are only just breaking even.


Surviving as a small venue is difficult at the moment


because property prices are increasing, because of the tight


This attempt to measure the economic and cultural


benefits of live music is, census organisers


Whatever they find out, that live music in all its glorious


forms brings joy to many is already beyond doubt.


Now, you know that saying about how showbiz and children don't mix?


Our colleagues on BBC World News were interviewing a contributor


live from his his home, via the internet, when one


of his children decided to make a guest appearance.


Not to be upstaged, along came child number two.


Followed very, very, quickly by a harassed mum!


The interview, of course, faultlessly continued! And I am sure


nobody noticed. Well, not many millions of people, anyway!


That she had a lot of people this morning.


It cheered us up in the weather centre. Yesterday, we were talking


about how beautiful the clear blue skies were. This is today. A layer


of grey, one of our weather watchers sent this picture. This is from


Wales! This is another one from Dorset. Foggy here. And a nice


sunrise from Hull. I will practice that Welsh name, I promise you. Cold


breaking in some areas but overcast for most of the day with a what more


cloud in the Atlantic heading our way for this weekend. Quite a mixed


picture overall. Let's concentrate on this afternoon first. We have


established with that great picture, cloudy across most of Scotland,


although I suspect the Western Isles will be getting some glimmers of


sunshine now and then. And you will notice some rain across the UK,


almost anywhere really. Temperatures today getting no higher than around


13, 14 degrees. Still feeling relatively mild. You have got some


mist along the South Coast. The weather does not change this


evening, so for the Six Nations, Wales versus Ireland, that kicks off


just after eight o'clock, around 10 degrees and cloudy skies. Tonight,


we keep the cloudy skies and the temperatures will not take away a


lot of staying around double figures in London, up to 9 degrees. Rain


pushing through. For Saturday, I have mentioned a lot of cloud across


the UK, more cloud lining up in the Atlantic. This will come rushing our


way during this weekend, so the first weather front is here on


Saturday, in the North. We will see a weather front crossing the country


on Saturday, but the weather is not that bad because on one side, to the


North, there is sunshine across Scotland and Northern Ireland,


Edinburgh, Glasgow and Belfast gets bright weather. In the South, clouds


break up, we could get temperatures up to 18 Celsius. But those weather


fronts keep coming and a different picture I think on Sunday. To


summarise, the weekend, Saturday is your best today and by Sunday, it


looks like we will get at least a bit of rain. Back to you.


A reminder of our main story this lunchtime:


Head teachers say cuts in funding are leading the courses in England


being scrapped and class sizes going up.


That's all from the BBC News at One, so it's goodbye from me.


And on BBC One, we now join the BBC's news teams where you are.