22/03/2017 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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The biggest fine ever handed to a British water company.


Thames Water is ordered to pay ?20 million for


Almost 1.5 billion litres of raw sewage was allowed to enter


the river for months between Oxfordshire


The fine is ten times larger than the previous record fine handed


Easyjet confirms it's the first airline to introduce a ban


on laptops being carried as hand luggage.


Iraqi troops edge closer to the centre of Mosul as tens


of thousands of civilians flee so-called Islamic State.


One year on, Brussels remembers the terror attacks which killed 32


And why the number of women working into their seventies has doubled


And coming up in the sport on BBC News: Liverpool pay tribute


to a true club legend, former coach and captain


Ronnie Moran, who has died at the age of 83.


Good afternoon and welcome to the BBC News at One.


It's the biggest fine ever imposed on a British water company


Thames Water has been ordered to pay ?20.3 million for polluting


the River Thames with almost 1.5 billion litres of raw sewage.


The judge at Aylesbury Crown Court said the scale of the problem


was such that bosses must have known about it.


He called it "a shocking and disgraceful state of affairs".


The ducks may be back, but this is one of the six outlets were raw


sewage surged into the River Thames. For months and months of the


untreated muck flowed in and this is what it looked like. The pictures do


not convey the stench or the dangers, but for mile after mile it


was what the judge called a catalogue of misery blighting the


river, and why he imposed a record fine. It is clear from the


sentencing today and the judge's powerful comment that the courts


take environmental offending very seriously. This record fine and


costs of over ?20 million sends a signal to the companies that


safeguarding the environment is not an optional extra. It is an


essential part of how businesses must operate. What was coming out


was brought, untreated sewage. Dominic lives and works on the


river, he was one of hundreds of people to complain and two were four


months ignored by Thames water. It was awful. You live next to the


Royal River Thames and you do not expect to see Royal sewage pass in


your garden. When the river was in flood it was coming across our lawn


and as it settled we had more sewage in the garden as well. The judge


said Thames water had offended on a vast scale. It said equipment failed


and alarms were ignored. He also said the company deliberately


concealed the problems from the Environment Agency. Warnings laid


out by staff in their logs were ignored by managers. One wrote,


illegal discharge, managers aware. Another said, this was a failure


waiting to happen. A third added, still discharging illegally, known


to managers. It all meant the sewage continued to pour out. In the end it


is thought around 1.4 billion litres of raw sewage ended up in the


Thames. Anglers and fishermen were put out of business, cattle poisoned


when they drank the water. The judge said he had to send a message to the


water companies that this was not acceptable. Today he imposed a


record ?20 million fine on Thames water, ten times larger than the


previous fine. We apologise for all of those failings, but in the three


years since those last incidents we have learned our lesson. There have


been swooping, far reaching changes across the waste water business.


Thames Water says shareholders, not customers, will pay the massive


fine. This is the Thames now, cleaner and safer, but today's case


is a warning for all water companies, that their failings will


not go unpunished if they soiled the environment. We can talk to Duncan


in Aylesbury. The judge is clearly sending a message and that message


is loud and clear. And not just to Thames water. He was


sending a message to all companies. You conclude that from the size of


the fine and the way he addressed the management. The fine is ten


times the previous record, a ?2 million fine for Southern water last


year. But the language the judge used where he spoke of their


shameful actions, their disgraceful way of management, and also the fact


they deliberately concealed the pollution. He said all water


companies have a duty to protect the environment. You also sent this


message was picked up by Thames water. Richard a large, who you saw


there, he too said this was a message to all water companies who


had a duty and responsibility now to protect the environment. EasyJet has


become the first airline to confirm a laptop ban affecting passengers


flying to the UK from six countries in the Middle East and north Africa


has come into effect today. Travellers will no longer be allowed


to carry electronic devices bigger The ban is also being brought


into effect in America where it is being reported that


so-called Islamic State has been working on ways to smuggle


explosives on to planes by hiding Here's our home affairs


correspondent Daniel Sandford. Beirut's Hariri International


Airport this morning. As the consequences of the laptop


ban start to sink in. No passenger taking


a direct flight to Britain will be allowed to have any


electronic devices in their hand E-readers, tablets and laptops,


will all have to go in the hold. You sit in the plane


for four or five hours I totally believe


the intelligence it is based on is sound,


so we just have to put up I do not understand


the technical details of But putting something in the hold


presumably has the same effect, so I do not really


understand why preventing it on board, upstairs,


is going to make a great


deal of difference. The countries affected by the UK


laptop ban are Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt,


Saudi Arabia and Tunisia. It affects all airlines including


British Airways, easyJet We will continue to work closely


with the wider industry over the next few weeks to ensure passengers


with the wider industry over the know what is expected of them. I ask


for their patience as these new measures bed in.


What has been worrying ministers is a device like


the one that blew a hole in the side of this Somali airliner last year.


So why is a laptop all right in the hold but not in hand luggage?


In the cabin a relatively small device can


make a hole in the side of the plane and crash the plane.


In the hold it is much less likely and the pilot


has a good chance of getting the plane down on the ground.


EasyJet has already started implementing the


ban on its flights from Turkey and Egypt.


Other airlines are expected to follow by the end of the week.


Our business correspondent Theo Leggett is here.


This has been brought in for safety of passengers, but it raises a lot


of practical questions for travellers. Absolutely, for a start


if passengers have not put their electronic goods in the hold at


check-in, where will they be sifted out? Those passengers will be going


along security queues alongside other passengers going to different


destinations who are not covered by the band. The airlines will have to


have an extra check on the gate. What happens with passengers who are


travelling without baggage? EasyJet say they will make arrangements to


put laptops for people who do not hold baggage in the hold. Then there


is the question of endurance. Terms and conditions state if baggage is


not attending, then you are not covered. That will be an issue as


Iraqi forces are entering what could be the final phase


of their operation to drive so called Islamic State


out of Iraq's second biggest city, Mosul.


It's been in the hands of IS militants since 2014


and is their last stronghold in the country.


The United Nations says around 45,000 people have fled the fighting


in the past week alone, creating fears of a


Our correspondent Wyre Davies reports.


Under the protection of overwhelmingly superior airpower


and coalition heavy artillery, Iraqi forces are entering


what they say is the final phase in the fight to drive militants


from so-called Islamic State out of Mosul.


But with snipers on rooftops trying to dislodge fighters who have


been dug in for months, progress is slow.


In some parts of the maze of narrow streets that make up the old city,


militants are even reported to have pushed government troops back.


But observers on the ground and military commanders say it's


We are only a few hundred metres away from the al-Nuri Mosque, says


It's very symbolic and gives a huge morale boost


Capturing the mosque has become a significant goal


While Islamic State fighters are equally determined to defend it.


It is where the IS supreme leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi delivered


a famous sermon three years ago just days after a caliphate had been


Many civilians have been killed by retreating IS fighters,


But amid the grief and loss, there is relief and even joy.


This family reunited after being separated in the bitter


I haven't seen my daughter for five months, since


she was trapped in western Mosul after the East was liberated.


The United Nations says at least 45,000 civilians have fled


135,000 since the battle for western Mosul began.


Most receive basic food and shelter in camps on the edge of the city.


Camps that are now almost full to overflowing.


The National Governors Association has urged the government to "stay


brave" and press ahead with controversial plans


for a funding shake-up for schools in England,


A BBC survey of 4,000 governors has revealed deep


concerns about budgets, with some describing the situation


What do I like most about our school?


Drayton Park primary school says it's already operating on very


But it predicts its budget in real terms by 2019 will be


The proposed new national funding formula in England will change


Ministers argue it will narrow historical inequalities in funding


But schools across the country are facing rising costs.


Cuts to funding mean cuts to our service.


So what we will see is fewer members of staff, lower quality of service


and things that we currently do that we will have to


In a survey for the BBC, school governors who responded


and had a view on the proposed new formula were broadly


in favour of the principal, but many also expressed serious


concerns about the financial pressures ahead.


Some said they planned to cut back on staff,


others that they were looking at ways of raising extra cash


including asking parents for voluntary contributions


Everybody pretty much agrees that the principle


of the formula is right, the elements in the formula


are right, but actually the problem is there isn't enough money


The government says funding is at record levels


and that the proposed formula is a fairer way to help all schools.


The Institute for Fiscal Studies said the proposed changes


would correct clear inequities in funding levels


But that such a radical reform would necessarily


Well, the new schools funding formula dominated


with angry exchanges between Theresa May


His Shadow Home Secretary said her child to a private school. His


shadow attorney general said her child to a private school... He


sent... He sent his child to a grammar school. He went to a grammar


school himself. Typical Labour take the advantage and pull up the ladder


behind you! I want a decent, fair opportunity for every child in every


I want a staircase for all, not a ladder for the few!


Our Assistant Political Editor Norman Smith is in Westminster.


They certainly were angry exchanges. Just a week ago we had the


government having to climb down over national insurance contributions and


this week Theresa May is under pressure to climb down over the new


funding formula for schools. The similarities with the U-turn over


national insurers are striking. It is Conservative MPs who are most


unhappy with the changes. Very often it is schools in Conservative


constituencies that are hit hardest. Again there is the potential for a


conservative repeat with loyal Tory MPs threatening to rebel. There is a


manifesto pledge threatened to be broken and you wonder whether the


government's political antenna have gone on the blink. Although this


change makes sense in the corridors of the Department of education,


outing or communities, head teachers, governors and local


councillors are up in arms. The difficulty Theresa May faces is that


in a time of austerity there is not much spare cash to put into the


changes. And the government is ?2 billion further short after Philip


Hammond's U-turn over national insurance contributions. But Theresa


May does not want to look like a push over at Westminster because she


has got difficult changes to get through, but she does not want to


look like a pushover ahead of the Brexit negotiations because she


knows EU negotiators are watching her to see if she cracks under


pressure. The biggest fine ever handed


to a British water company - Thames Water is ordered to pay


?20 million for polluting Pastures new - why some farmers


are turning to free range milk England manager Gareth Southgate


says his side need to "lose They face World Champions Germany


in a friendly this evening, while Scotland face


Canada in Edinburgh. It's a year since three bombers


killed 32 people and injured hundreds more in attacks at Brussels


airport and on the subway. Today the King of Belgium


has been leading events to remember the victims -


with a minute's silence held at the city's airport to mark


the moment when two of the suicide attackers blew themselves up


in the departures hall. About friends, family,


and those they never knew. And to consider the what ifs


and maybes of a year ago. Chance decisions that


determined life or death. That morning, two suicide bombs


shattered the terminal. Through the dust and the panic,


a camera captured one After eight operations,


he's starting to walk again. You know, sometimes I have a good


cry, sometimes I just have a moment to myself where,


you know, I find energy in that place, I find


the strength to continue, you know, building myself


back up to being even In this corner there


was Sebastien Bellin, This is the journalist who caught


that moment of terror. Personally for me it is


very, very difficult. And we must remember those


who lost their lives here. How important do you think your


photographs are in showing people what actually happened,


what people went through? Yes, I think that we should show


to our viewers and readers In the city centre the Belgian


Royal Family joined survivors of the underground train blown up


an hour later. The shock wave knocked


a nation out of step. Security has been tightened


here in the last year, the Army But more generally, some feel


the security services They face big challenges monitoring


extremists plotting alone. And Sebastien thinks


they are failing. I'm a victim, I know the pain


and suffering my family went I know the pain and


suffering I went through. I want this to be preventable


as much as possible. People are still healing


and they will not forget why. Plans are under way for two


new prisons to be built at Full Sutton near York


and Port Talbot in South Wales. The Justice Secretary Liz Truss also


confirmed that jails at Rochester, Kent and Hindley


in Greater Manchester The proposals are part of a ?1.3bn


government pledge to create 10,000 The Scottish Parliament


will vote today on a call by the First Minister,


Nicola Sturgeon, for a second The motion, which is


likely to be passed after a second day of debate,


will give the Scottish government a mandate to open negotiations


with Westminster on Our Scotland Editor Sarah


Smith is in Holyrood. The Scottish Parliament is expected


to back the call later today for a second referendum? That is right,


the debate is set to get underway in about an hour, the second day of the


vote. Of course there were strong positions put out yesterday here in


the Scottish Parliament and I think we can expect more of the same today


from the First Minister Nicola Sturgeon set out her stall, she


wants the Scottish Parliament to support her in thinking the


authority to hold a second referendum from Westminster. The


timing is crucial, would like it to be between the autumn of next year


and the spring of 2019 although she indicated this is negotiable. But


the Prime Minister has said no, not now, she said now is not the time.


That is not -- that is a sentiment that has been echoed by the Scottish


Conservatives in error, Scottish Labour and the Scottish Liberal


Democrats are also opposed to the move. They believe the Scottish


people do not want a second independence referendum, not at this


time. Now at 5:30pm members of the Scottish Parliament will vote, we


expect Nicola Sturgeon to have a majority backed by the Greens but


this will be significant, Downing Street say not now, the Scottish


Government will see this as a mandate for the second referendum.


New figures show that the number of women working into their seventies


has doubled over the last four years.


More than 11% of women are still part of the workforce


Many are working longer to try to maintain their standard of living.


Here's our Personal Finance Correspondent, Simon Gompertz.


How do you measure your working life and where is the cut-off point


Anne, who runs a fabric store in Bristol's St Nicholas market,


is one of a growing band of women in their 70s working on.


She has little beyond the state pension to fall back on.


Well, we have absolutely no pensions, little


We always invested money into the business.


It would certainly be a struggle and life would have to change,


The proportion of women who don't stop working


until they are beyond 70 has grown from one in 20 four years ago


It has doubled and it is catching up with men.


The government is encouraging people to work on, encouraging employers


But if at least some are doing it because they're


desperate for the money, then there is still a question,


what happens when you really do have to stop?


It is a concern because women tend to have much less than men in a way


Particularly for women, if they haven't saved enough


and in some cases they need to keep working later because they simply


Women have smaller pension pots than men typically,


and will continue to do so for some time to come.


I've been selling jewellery for 30 odd years.


Like many women, Elaine, who is 74, doesn't even get


She loves her shop, but she too needs the extra money.


I probably wouldn't be able to go to the hairdressers as often,


I've probably wouldn't be able to go out for a meal as often


And you know, these are things that are important to me.


They talk about the rich pensioners, don't they, but a lot


A lot of pensioners, you know, are just hanging on.


It's got the nicest sound you'll ever hear.


The pressure means the number of women like Elaine who are working


into their early 70s has risen to around 150,000.


Simon Gompertz, BBC News, in Bristol.


The Northern Ireland Assembly is gathering today for a special


sitting to allow politicians to reflect on the life


Last night, thousands of people gathered at a candlelit vigil


in west Belfast for the former Deputy First Minister who died


Our Ireland Correspondent Chris Page is in Londonderry.


Irish flags are flying at half-mast in the Bogside area of Derry where


Mark McGuinness lived. The mood across Northern Ireland is of


contemplation. Both were people who suffered greatly as a result of IRA


violence and for those who regard Martin McGuinness mainly as a


peacemaker. This shows how much


Martin McGuinness was In west Belfast hundreds


attended a vigil to remember The life of the former IRA


commander was a complex story He ended up as the joint head


of Northern Ireland's The Stormont assembly has


held a special meeting to reflect on the man


who was Deputy First Martin McGuinness was


a political visionary. He played a key and enormous part


in delivering fundamental change in this society and in transforming


the relationships on this island But the memories of the IRA campaign


are still strong and personal. The Democratic Unionist Party leader


Arlene Foster survived the bombing Things have fundamentally


changed since I was growing up in the 70s and 80s,


and changed immeasurably And Martin McGuinness did play


a role, which I will always condemn, But I also have to acknowledge


the role which he played over this last decade and more in government


in Northern Ireland. The coalition between her party


and Sinn Fein collapsed in January. Negotiations are going


on to try to restore A clergyman who was a mediator


in the peace process says Martin McGuinness passionately


wanted power-sharing to work. Reaching out, that


was his great phrase. I want to keep reaching


out and getting people As we now, we've got


the structures, but what we now Mr McGuinness's death has come


as Northern Ireland is facing But in his home city people


are still considering the legacy of the leader who moved


from the shadow of the gun As preparations are being made for


the funeral service here tomorrow there has been News from a town not


far away from Derry showing that the relative peace here remains uneasy.


The police say some officers are lucky to be alive after a bomb


exploded in Strabane last night, they believed it was a clear attempt


to murder members of a police patrol. It is likely the attack was


carried out by dissident republicans opposed to the peace process.


Now, we've all got used to seeing free-range eggs and free-range


meat in the supermarket but what about free-range milk?


That's milk from cows who spend more time out in the fields,


feeding on grass and if it takes off, it's hoped that it could keep


One leading supermarket has already begun stocking free-range


milk and they're hoping others will follow.


Our Business Correspondent Emma Simpson reports.


The cows hitting the field after winter indoors.


But it's been increasingly hard for small dairy farms like this


In actual fact, personally, I don't think I've ever been


We were just lucky free range came along and gave us a new outlook.


We've seen friends, neighbours, go out of business, we've seen


In just ten years the number of dairy farmers has reduced, many


But farmers are delivering more milk per cow, the average


So fewer farms with bigger herds and some are kept in all year round.


And Jenny is keen that shoppers know about it.


You've got skimmed, semi-skimmed, whole, filtered,


It's cheaper than organic, but 15p more than your average litre.


Can I interest you in a milk taste test?


We would probably try it and see how we get on.


But long-term, I'm not sure, it depends on the cost of it.


Asda said the milk sold better than they thought and they're now


After a few rough years for this industry, here they are trying


And hoping free range will earn them a fairer price.


Emma Simpson, BBC News, Gloucestershire.


Former Liverpool captain, coach and caretaker manager


Ronnie Moran has died at the age of 83.


He made 379 appearances between 1952 and 1968,


and then became part of Bill Shankly's famous


He had two spells as caretaker manager in his 49 years


I hope there is no more snow. It is the date for woolly coats and


for most of us a day for the waterproofs. This has been a typical


scene across the UK, wet, miserable and cold. But by the weekend there


is quite a transformation, it is going to feel like spring at last


with some lovely sunshine for most. That is courtesy of high-pressure.


At the moment we have no pressure and hence we have rain and a bit of


snow across the far north of England and southern Scotland this morning.


Some of those showers mean business, pushing up into the East of England,


more persistent rain still across the north of England. Most of the


snow turning back to rain. The northern half of Scotland enjoying


some sunshine but not warm at around 34 degrees. And the wet weather is


lodged across the far north of England with again some slow over


the higher ground. More rain coming in to the south-east again. Where


the skies are clear across parts of Wales and the South West of England,


there should be some frost around. And up in the northern glens of


Scotland as low as minus eight. Everything begins to head west, the


band of rain pushing into Wales and the South West England and


brightening up in the north and East. Not exactly warm but heading


in the right direction. Still single figures for many, perhaps double


figures further south but you have to factor in the cloud and blustery


wind. That is still with us on Friday, further north things are


settling down. Some rain across the far Northern Isles. But in between


that wedge of sunshine as high pressure begins to build. And high


pressure will be the dominant force as we head into the weekend. Around


the periphery of that is still a notable breeze and for example


across some Southern counties not feeling all that warm out in the


breeze. But for the vast majority this weekend is looking good. Dry,


plenty of sunshine, pinning warm. But still cold enough at night for


some frost. But we will put up with that with some sunshine in store.


A reminder of our main story this lunchtime.


The biggest fine ever handed to a British water company guide Thames


Water ordered to pay ?20